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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by Editors 1
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This quality is the namesake of a beggar who abuses Lazarillo de Tormes, and a Chester Himes title describes a man of this type "with a pistol." This sobriquet is given to a pianist named d'Arnault who appears in My Antonia, and this adjective is also used to describe Maurice Pervin, the title character of a D.H. Lawrence short story. People of this kind are described as "vaguely ridiculous" and asked "what do they seek in heaven" in a namesake poem from Les Fleurs du Mal. A poem about having this quality concludes "they also serve who only stand and wait." For 10 points, name this adjective which describes the man who wrote about "how my light is spent," John Milton.
Answer: blindness
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NGC 206 is the brightest area in this object, whose largest globular cluster is known as Mayal II or Globular One. Ernst Hartwig observed the only supernova originating from here in 1885, and it appears to have a double nucleus and at least 14 satellites, including M110 and M32. Originally called the "little cloud" by al Sufi, it is found in its namesake constellation, which is itself near the Pegasus constellation. Edwin Hubble used Cepheid variables to show definitively that it was not part of the Milky Way. For 10 points, name this astronomical object, number 31 in Messier's catalogue, the nearest large spiral galaxy to the Milky Way.
Answer: Andromeda Galaxy [accept M31 before it's read]
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One member of this group designed the Allegonda villa at Katwik and the Cafe de Unie. The early works of Burgoyne Diller are often said to belong to this group, which also included the painter of Mechano-Dancer, Vilmos Huszar. A home constructed with its principles has a sub-dividable open space on the 2nd floor and a facade of protruding planes, designed by the man who did the Red and Blue Chair. With J.J.P. Oud and Bart van der Leck, Theo von Doesburg founded the journal of this group, whose work was exemplified by Rietveld's Schroder House and another artist's Broadway Boogie Woogie. For 10 points, name this Dutch art school including Piet Mondrian.
Answer: De Stijl [prompt on neoplasticism]
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In a later essay reflecting on this work, its author described the Woodland Road Camp's use of loudspeakers under pillows and included such chapters as "The Arts of Selling" and "What Can Be Done?" One character in this novel ultimately becoms dissilusioned at the "orgyporgy," while another threatens to exile people to Iceland. The Arch-Community-Songster appears in this novel, which opens with a description of how to create clones in the Bokanovsky Process. In it, Lenina and Bernard journey to New Mexico to see John the Savage before a revolt against the use of soma causes Bernard to meet Mustapha Mond. For 10 points, name this Aldous Huxley novel.
Answer: Brave New World
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In one story, he slings a rock at a princess disguised as a swan, but saves her and gives her to his foster-son. After that princess is murdered, he kills the women responsible, and other murderous deeds include killing his own son by the warrior woman Aife, and killing a sorcerer who had earlier judged him the winner of Bricriu's challenge after offering his head. This son of Deichtire raided Forgall's castle to get his wife Emer and was originally named Setanta before killing a large dog. In another tale, his father Lugh gives him some aid in defeating the Morrigan and the army of Queen Maeve in "The Cattle Raid of Cooley." For 10 points, name this Irish hero from the Ulster Cycle.
Answer: Cuchulainn [or Cu Chulainn; or Cu Chulaind; or Cuchulinn; accept Setanta before read]
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The phenyl type of these compounds can be reacted with a Lewis acid to form a hydroxy aryl ketone via the Fries rearrangement. They can be made from Pinner salts and water, or in the Favorskii rearrangement by reacting an alpha-halo ketone with an alkoxide. Cyclic beta-keto ones are formed from a molecule with two of its defining functional groups in the Dieckmann cyclization, and the base-catalyzed hydrolysis of their namesake linkages, especially in fat, is known as saponification. For 10 points, name these often fruity smelling compounds formed in a process named for Fisher in which an alkyl group replaces the acidic hydrogen in carboxylic acids.
Answer: esters
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One of his advisors was the younger brother of the Duke of Newcastle, whose choice as a godfather angered his own father and led him to establish residence at Leicester House. The firt Earl of Wilmington was denied a post by this man's wife Caroline, but later served as a figurehead to Lord Carteret, who pushed him into a military conflict that included his defeating the duc de Noailles at Dettingen, making him the last British monarch to lead trips in battle. His youngest surviving son, the Duke of Cumberland, beat down Bonnie Prince Charlie at Culloden Moor, and he died in the midst of the Seven Years' War. For 10 points, name this king who succeeded his father, George I.
Answer: George II
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This mountain range is home to Sorteny National Park, found in the Ordino region. The Ordesa Valley leads to one of its highest peaks, Mount Perdu, which is obscured to one side by the Cirque of Gavarnie. A series of tall peaks runs from Carlit peak to Anie, though their highest point is found at Aneto in the Maladeta massif. On their western end, they meet up with the Cantabrian mountains, and they are traversed by the Roncevaux Pass and give rise to many tributaries of the Ebro River. For 10 points, name this chain bordered by regions such as Aquitaine and Aragon, which contains Andorra and marks the boundary between France and Spain.
Answer: Pyrenees Mountains [or Pirineos; or Pirineus]
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His daughter, Enheduana, composed the earliest extant poetry written by a woman, and a treaty between this man's grandson and the Elamite ruler Hita is the earliest extant Elamite document. He defeated Lugal Zaggisi of Umma in his early career, and he was succeeded by his sons Rimush and Manishtushu. One text claims his father was a gardener, while another text mentions that despite having a name which means "true king," he usurped the throne of Ur-Zababa of Kish. The grandfather of Naram-Sin, his empire was ended by an invasion of Gutian Barbarians. For 10 points, identify this founder of the Akkadian Empire.
Answer: Sargon I or the Great [or Sharru-Kinu]
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Larry Corcoran threw this club's first 3 no-hitters, and none of its players has thrown one since Milt Pappas. From 1929 to '38, this franchise won the pennant every 3 years, the last with help from Gabby Hartnett's "Homer in the Gloamin'." The single-season RBI record was set by Hack Wilson while playing for this team, which once included the combination Tinker to Evers to Chance. In the 1984 NLCS, mistakes by Leon Durham and Lee Smith knocked them out, while fan interference with a Marlins' foul ball led to their 2003 NLCS loss. For 10 points, name this team now led by Carlos Zambrano and Derek Lee, which last won the World Series in 1908.
Answer: Chicago Cubs
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This man's second string quartet includes a soprano in its last two movements, and he wrote an Accompaniment to a Cinematographic Scene while trying to find work as a film composer. Unaware of Debussy's opera, he wrote a tone poem on Pelleas and Melisande, and he composed a large setting of poems by Jens Peter Jacobsen, Gurreleide. This composer of A Survivor from Warsaw also wrote a string sextet about a woman's revelation of infidelity and an unfinished opera based on Exodus. For 10 points, identify this composer of Moses und Aron, Transfigured Night, and Pierrot Lunaire, the leader of the Second Viennese School who developed the 12-tone scale.
Answer: Arnold Schoenberg
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Two members of this family cause an infant disease also known as sixth disease, roseola. Another member of this family causes benign lymph node tumors in Castleman's disease, though it was first identified as the causative agent of blotchy lesions often found on the face of AIDS patients. Besides Kaposi's Sarcoma-associated, another member of its gamma subfamily causes Burkett's Lymphoma, while members of its alpha subfamily lie dormant in nerves between outbreaks. For 10 points, name this virus family including the Epstein-Barr virus and the chicken pox-causing Varicella zoster, whose types 1 and 2, or "simplex," cause cold sores and their namesake STD.
Answer: Herpesviridae [or Herpes viruses]
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At one point, this book's protagonist joins two sticks together to represent a reunited Israel, while earlier he is forbidden to mourn his wife after her sudden death. It is one of the few books of the Hebrew Bible to depict Ophanim, or Thrones, and its middle sections are largely concerned with oracles against Tyre and Pharaoh. Chapters 38 and 39 concern Gog and Magog, while its 47th chapter describes a stream flowing from the right side of the temple, whose description occupies its last nine chapters. Opening with a vision of God at the river Chebar, for 10 points, identify this penultimate book of the major prophets, which includes a scene in the valley of dry bones.
Answer: The Book of Ezekiel
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One character in this novel takes a baboon to the opera and makes opportunistic use of proxy sperm to avoid paternity suits. The narrator meets an employee of "Islam Incorporated" and is told that homosexuality is a political crime after seeing the I.N.D.s created by Dr. Benway. The Factualist-Liquefactionist dispute is at the background of this book, in which the Rumpus Room serves such delicacies as "mugwump fluid" and the "Black Meat" of a giant centipede. It takes place mostly in a composite of Panama, New York, Louisiana, and Tangier called Interzone. For 10 points, name this tale of the addicted exterminator Bill Lee, written by William S. Burroughs.
Answer: Naked Lunch
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One ruler of this name succeeded his father Kresimir III and was succeeded by his son Petar Kresimir the Great, who expanded the medieval Croat state to its largest size. Another ruler of this name married Anna, the sister of Sigismund II, and led the Polish Commonwealth to victory at Pskov during the Livonian War. Yet another defeated his cousin Koppany after the death of his father Geza and was crowned king by Pope Sylvester II, while another fought The Anarchy against Empress Matilda after succeeding his uncle Henry I. For 10 points, give this name shared by the patron saint and first king of Hungary and the only British monarch from the House of Blois.
Answer: Stephen I [accept Stjepan before "Anna"; note that all are Stephen I, but some were the only Stephen]
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In the lower left of this painting, a man in a hooded gray robe bows his head in front of a man in a hooded black robe with his right arm extended. In the lower right, a man in white partially obscures a priest while looking to the upper left, where St. Peter dangles his keys as he looks over the shoulder of Mary, who is below a white-shrouded Jesus and on one side of an opening in the clouds through which an angel flies holding a small spirit. In the center, the artist's son points at the golden sleeve of St. Stephen, who along with St. Augustine holds the title figure clad in black armor. For 10 points, name this work depicting the internment of a pious Spaniard, a work of El Greco.
Answer: The Burial of Count Orgaz [or The Burial of the Count of Orgaz; or El Entierro del Conde de Orgaz]
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This man wrote that objects will triumph over subjects in Fatal Strategies, and he said the the counterpart to the bourgeois ideal of production is the aristocratic practice of seduction. This author of the memoirs Cool Memories. He said that a "transaesthetics," where art is everywhere, has already arrived in his The Transparency of Evil, and he analyzed the 9/11 attacks as a "spectacle" in his The Spirit of Terrorism. He also said that "the murder of reality" was the title subject of his book The Perfect Crime. For 10 points, name this critic who attacked the media construction of narratives in such books as The Gulf War Never Happened and Simulacra and Simulation.
Answer: Jean Baudrillard
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In the nonlinear hyper version of this effect, otherwise forbidden silent modes are seen, and in another variant, its strength is increased by the excitation of plasmons in small metal particles. The stimulated form of it can be used in silicon chips or fiber optics to create an eponymous kind of laser, and in biological applications of it, a 785 nanometer source is often used to minimize the competing effect of fluorescence. Three lasers are used to gather information about the vibrational modes of chemical bonds susceptible to changes in polarizability in the coherent anti-Stokes variety of it. For 10 points, identify this type of inelastic scattering named for its Indian discoverer.
Answer: Raman scattering [or Raman effect; or Raman spectroscopy; prompt on inelastic scattering]
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This event is represented by the second star on the flag of the area where it occurred, and Roswell Mason declared martial law and placed Philip Sheridan in charge in its aftermath. A deathbed confession by Louis Cohn indicated that a craps game may have been behind it, while a theory involving a comet is supported by a similar event occurring the same day in Peshtigo, Wisconsin. Michael Ahern admitted fabricating the cause of this event, which began on DeKoven Street and notably spared the Water Tower but destroyed the Palmer House. For 10 points, name this 1871 disaster that started at the O'Leary's place, a big conflagration in a Midwestern city.
Answer: Great Chicago Fire [accept reasonable equivalents]
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One character in this work says that men in undershirts are disgusting and that the word "absent" should be used in place of "dead;" she later tries to stab another character with a paper knife after explaining how she caused a man to shoot his face off in Switzerland. In its first scene, the editor of a pacifist newspaper asks for a toothbrush and is told that dark will never come and blinking is no longer possible. That character was shot on the way to Mexico, while another was a lesbian postal clerk and the third contracted pneumonia after drowing her child. For 10 points, name this play about Inez, Estelle, and Garcin which concludes that hell is other people, written by Jean-Paul Sartre.
Answer: No Exit [or Huis Clos]
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This author wrote that "the hues of bliss more brightly glow/chastised by sabler tints of woe" in one poem, and he asked "Oh! Lyre divine, what daring Spirit/Wakes thee now?" in his "The Progress of Poesy." He also described "sorrow's piercing dart" in a poem which ends by noting that "where ignorance is bliss/tis folly to be wise." Another of his poems says that "pensive Selima reclined" and "purr's applause" before "she tumbled headlong in." For 10 points, name this author of "Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College" and "On a Favorite Cat, Drowned in a Tub of Gold Fishes," who wrote about "paths of glory" and "ignoble strife" in "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard."
Answer: Thomas Gray
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This group's victory at the Battle of Lauffen restored Duke Ullrich to power, and a small faction of it defeated Eric II of Calenberg at the Battle of Drakenburg. The successor to a similar group formed at Torgau, it was first supported by Denmark, who then backed out via the Treaty of Speyer. The Treaty of Crepy eliminated French support of it. Their biggest military conflict began with Maurice of Saxony's war on John Frederick I, one of this group's founders along with Philip of Hesse. For 10 points, name this group subjected to the Augsburg Interim after their defeat by the Duke of Alba and Charles V at Muhlberg, a Protestant defense league established in 1531.
Answer: Schmalkaldic League [or Schmalkaldischer Bund]
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Editors 1
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Its title poem compares the namesake meteorological phenomenon to "the white creator of black" before asking a rabbi to explain the "diamond cabbala." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1950 collection, which also includes "Things of August," "A Primitive Like an Orb," and "An Ordinary Evening in New Haven."
Answer: The Auroras of Autumn
[10] The Auroras of Autumn was written by this man, whose poems in other volumes include "Sunday Morning," "The Idea of Order at Key West," and "The Emperor of Ice Cream."
Answer: Wallace Stevens
[10] This poem from Stevens's Harmonium, titled for a Shakespearean character, asserts that "the self-same sounds/On my spirit make a music, too."
Answer: "Peter Quince at the Clavier"
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It can be natural or forced, the latter of which is governed by the Peclet number. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this process of heat transfer due to the motion of some fluid, as in hot air rising or a fan blowing over a heat source.
Answer: convection
[10] An important quantity in natural convection is this dimensionless number, the ratio of buoyancy to viscous forces, defined as the product of g, the thermal expansion coefficient, temperature gradient, and characteristic length cubed, all divided by kinematic viscosity squared.
Answer: Grashof number
[10] The Archimedes number determines whether convection is free or forced, and can be defined as the quotient of the Grashof number over the square of this number, which is the ratio of inertial to viscous forces.
Answer: Reynolds number
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Founded by Hughes de Payens, they were given quarter in Jerusalem by Baldwin II. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this order that was started to protect Christian pilgrims to the Holy Land, known for their white mantles with red crosses.
Answer: Knights Templar [or Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon; or Order of the Temple; or Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici]
[10] The Knights Templar were arrested in 1307 at the behest of this French king, who was supposedly largely in debt to them. Known for his handsome appearance, he was succeeded by his son Louis X.
Answer: Philip IV [or Philip the Fair]
[10] Philip convinced this pope to outlaw the Templars. He is also known for moving the Papacy to Avignon, after serving his first four years in Poitiers.
Answer: Clement V
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Beryl Muspratt refuses to visit the title estate of this novel because Julia Marchmain and Charles Ryder are living together there unmarried. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about a painter who falls in love with the sister of his Catholic friend Sebastian.
Answer: Brideshead Revisited
[10] Brideshead Revisited was written by this author of Edmund Campion, The Loved One, and A Handful of Dust.
Answer: Evelyn Arthur St. John Waugh
[10] This Waugh novel takes place in the East African kingdom of Azania, where the Oxford-educated emperor Seth appoints his classmate Basil Seal to high office and the vapid author Prudence Courteney is eaten by cannibals.
Answer: Black Mischief
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Name some Swedish bands who aren't ABBA, for 10 points each.,
[10] This group, which surprisingly still exists, albeit without former lead singer Linn Berggren, found its greatest success in the US with the 1993 album Happy Nation, featuring the songs "All That She Wants" and "The Sign."
Answer: Ace of Base
[10] After a self-titled debut, this indie trio released Falling Out in 2005 and Writer's Block in 2006, which features their song "Young Folks."
Answer: Peter Bjorn and John
[10] This alt-rock group of "Kick You Out" recorded 2005's Paper Tigers, but their most successful single, "Jerk it Out," is off their album 39 Minutes of Bliss and has been notably featured on an iPod commercial.
Answer: The Caesars [or Caesars Palace; or Twelve Caesars]
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It was commissioned by Edward Coates, who exchanged it for the artist's The Pathetic Song. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painting of six naked men, in which two lie on a stone embankment, one stands on it, and one dives into some water, where the other two naked dudes and the artist's dog are found.
Answer: The Swimming Hole
[10] The Swimming Hole was painted by this Philadelphian, who also painted The Gross Clinic.
Answer: Thomas Eakins
[10] In this work, Eakins painted himself in another boat behind the title figure, who sits in a long, narrow boat on a serene river in front of a couple bridges.
Answer: Max Schmitt in a Single Scull
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A major point of its resolution was the removal of American weapons from Turkey. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1962 incident from the Cold War in which the Soviets placed a bunch of nuclear-armed long-range weapons in an island country south of Florida.
Answer: Cuban Missile Crisis
[10] This US Secretary of State initially wanted to call for a military strike during the Cuban Missile Crisis. He also served in that post under LBJ and was a prominent supporter of the Vietnam War.
Answer: Dean Rusk
[10] Upon the retreat of Soviet ships, Rusk made a famous quote about the other guy blinking to this man, the national security advisor for JFK and for LBJ for a while, before serving as president of the Ford foundation.
Answer: McGeorge Bundy
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Katherine Mansfield's version shows the Sheridans continuing with the title event despite the death of Scott. For 10 points each:,
[10] Give this title, which also applies to a play in which Hugo Pludek advances his career at the Liquidation Office.
Answer: "The Garden Party"
[10] The play The Garden Party was written by this Czech author of The Memorandum and Largo Desolato, who later became the Czech Republic's president from 1989 to 2003.
Answer: Vaclav Havel
[10] Karel Krieble operates Puzuk, a computer which tests Eduard Huml for conformity, in this 1968 play by Havel.
Answer: The Increased Difficulty of Concentration [or Ztizena moznost soustredeni]
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Name some Baroque composers for 10 points each.,
[10] This "Red Priest" composed two works called La Cetra for Charles VI as well as the suite The Four Seasons.
Answer: Antonio Vivaldi
[10] This prolific composer was kapellmeister of Hamburg for 47 years and wrote works like the opera Pimpione, the cantata collection Der harmonische Gottesdienst, and the collection Musique de Table.
Answer: Georg Philipp Telemann
[10] One of Telemann's early influences was this Italian violinist and composer best remembered today for his 12 Concerti Grossi, including the Christmas Concerto.
Answer: Arcangelo Corelli
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Name some nitrogenous compounds for 10 points each.,
[10] This compound, formula NH3, is found in numerous household cleaners and is the product of the Haber-Bosch process.
Answer: ammonia
[10] This anion, N3- [N 3 minus], can be used as a poison in biochemistry, and its sodium salt is typically used as the propellant in air bags.
Answer: azide
[10] This compound consists of a conjugated five-membered ring in which one carbon is replaced by a nitrogen. When fused with a benzene ring, it produces the compound that gives poop its odor, indole.
Answer: pyrrole
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He had a noted dispute with Pope John XXII about the issue of Franciscan poverty. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Doctor Invincibilis whose eponymous razor basically says that explanations should be as simple as possible and ignore any assumptions that don't really matter.
Answer: William of Ockham [also spelled Occam]
[10] Ockham opposed the impetus theory of motion espoused at the time by this guy, known for his eponymous "ass" that starves to death because it can't choose which of two equidistant bales of hay it should eat.
Answer: Jean Buridan
[10] Ockham wrote Expositions on this work of Porphyry, which was itself a commentary on Aristotle's Categories. It is often known by the Latin title of Boethius' translation of it, by which it became a standard logics textbook.
Answer: Isagoge [accept Introduction; or Introduction to Categories; or Introductio in Praedicamenta]
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Answer the following about some rivers in mythological underworlds, for 10 points each.,
[10] Charon ferried souls across this river of the Greek underworld that separated Hades from the land of the living.
Answer: Styx
[10] Similar to the Styx, this Norse river surrounds Helheim after arising from the spring Hvergelmir. It also names the rock to which Fenrir was chained, and is very similar to the name of Heimdall's horn.
Answer: Gjoll
[10] In Aztec myth, everyone but fallen warriors and women who died during childbirth had to journey first to this lowest level of the underworld, guarded by a namesake river, with the help of Xolotl.
Answer: Mictlan
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Answer the following about a type of algorithm for 10 points each.,
[10] This kind of algorithm recursively breaks down a problem into sub-instances of the same problem, solves them, and then combines the multiple solutions into a single solution of the original problem.
Answer: divide and conquer
[10] This eponymous divide and conquer algorithm was one of the first implemented, described in a 1960 paper. It multiplies two n-digit numbers in time complexity big O of n raised to the log base 2 of 3.
Answer: Karatsuba's algorithm
[10] This sorting algorithm is an example of a divide and conquer algorithm. It breaks down a list into smaller parts, sorts them, and joins the smaller lists back together.
Answer: merge sort
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In May 2002, a bridge over it in Oklahoma collapsed after getting hit by a barge. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this river, which arises near Leadville, Colorado and flows east until it joins the Mississippi River in its namesake state.
Answer: Arkansas River
[10] This tall, narrow canyon near Canon City, CO, was formed by the Arkansas River. It is spanned by a noted suspension bridge and is operated as a park by the city.
Answer: Royal Gorge
[10] This city on the Arkansas River, the "Air Capital of the World," is home to Newman University and Friends University, as well as a namesake state university that's smaller than other state schools in Manhattan and Lawrence.
Answer: Wichita, Kansas
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He was elected by a zemsky sobor after the death of his brother-in-law. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Tatar tsar of Russia, who took the throne after the death of Feodor I, the last Rurik tsar, and whose son Feodor II briefly reigned after his death.
Answer: Boris Godunov
[10] The election of Boris Godunov in 1598 marked the beginning of this turbulent time in Russian history, finally ended when Michael Romanov took power in 1613.
Answer: Time of Troubles [or Smutnoye Vremya]
[10] During the Time of Troubles, this former boyar initially supported the 1st False Dmitri, but then denounced him as an impostor and technically served as tsar from 1606 to 1610, before being ousted by Polish king Sigismund III.
Answer: Vasily IV [or Vasily Shuyski]
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They can be juxtamedullary or cortical based on their location within the organ they comprise. For 10 points each:,
[10] Containing portions such as the proximal and distal convoluted tubules, name these basic functional units of the kidneys.
Answer: nephrons
[10] This structure in the middle of the nephron, with descending and ascending limbs, is responsible for establishing the countercurrent multiplier system needed for proper filtration.
Answer: loop of Henle
[10] This structure, next to the initial site of filtration within the nephron, controls renal blood flow and filtration rate and is responsible for synthesizing the hormone renin.
Answer: juxtaglomerular apparatus
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Future President Porfirio Diaz was one of its heroes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1862 battle, following a Mexican defeat at Alcuzingo Pass, in which Mexico defeated the forces of Charles Latrille Laurencez, who tried to attack up the Cerro de Guadalupe.
Answer: Battle of Puebla
[10] This Mexican President declared that the victory at Puebla should be remembered as Cinco de Mayo. He served in that post from 1861 to 1872 and was a major figure in resisting the French.
Answer: Benito Juarez
[10] This general commanded the Mexican forces at Puebla, but died of typhoid fever soon after.
Answer: Ignacio Zaragoza Seguin
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It was based on Alexander Dumas' revision of an ETA Hoffmann story. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Tchaikovsky ballet in which Herr Drosselmeyer gives Clara the title gift, and which features songs like "Waltz of the Flowers" and "Dance of the Sugar-plum Fairy."
Answer: The Nutcracker [or Shchelkunchik]
[10] A popular version of The Nutcracker is the 1976 one choreographed by this Soviet-born American by way of defection through Canada, known for leading the American Ballet Theatre in the 80's.
Answer: Mikhail Baryshnikov
[10] The original Nutcracker was directed and possibly choreographed by this man, the "father of all ballet," who debuted or revived works like Swan Lake, The Pharaoh's Daughter, and Giselle at the Mariinsky Theatre.
Answer: Marius Petipa
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This was Jane Austen's favorite novel, and it ends with Hargrave Pollexfen leaving his fortune to Harriet Byron. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this epistolary novel about a man who pines for Clementina della Porretta and tries to set a moral example for the dissolute people around him.
Answer: Sir Charles Grandison
[10] This man wrote Sir Charles Grandison in order to present a picture of a virtuous man, in contrast to the rakes of his earlier novels Clarissa and Pamela.
Answer: Samuel Richardson
[10] Richardson's Clarissa was upstaged by this 1749 novel that includes the Blifil family and the contrasting squires Allworthy and Western.
Answer: The History of Tom Jones, A Foundling
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Answer the following about the linguist Ferdinand de Saussure, for 10 points each.,
[10] Published posthumously by his students Charles Bally and Albert Sechehaye using notes from his lectures, this work describes Saussure's structural method and his use of the terms langue and parole.
Answer: A Course in General Linguistics [or Cours de linguistique generale]
[10] Saussure posited the presence of laryngeals, similar to the consonant h, in this hypothetical precursor language to such languages as French and English.
Answer: Proto-Indo-European
[10] His laryngeal theory was confirmed by the late nineteenth century discovery of texts by Hugo Winckler in Bogazkoy written in this language, which used cuneiform symbols.
Answer: Hittite
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An "ABC" is written about Baldo, who appears in this man's novel about a candomble priest, Jubiaba. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Brazilian author of Tieta, The Goat Girl and Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands.
Answer: Jorge Amado
[10] In this Amado novel, Nacib Saad hires the title character to cook at the Vesuvius Bar because she smells of the two spices also mentioned in the title.
Answer: Gabriela, Clove, and Cinnamon [or Gabriela, cravo e canela]
[10] This Amado novel, derided by Time as "Louis L'Amour with a Portuguese accent" is set in Tocaia Grande, a cacao-farming town overseen by the profligate cowboy Natario da Fonseca.
Answer: Showdown [or Tocaia Grande: A face obscura]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a religious sect for 10 points each.,
[10] This sect differs from its main rival in that practitioners wear white clothes and believe women can obtain liberation. Sub-sects include the Sthanakavasi, Terapanthi, and Deravasi.
Answer: Svetambara [or Swetambara; or Shvetambara]
[10] The Svetambara, along with the Digambara, are a major sect of this ascetic religion, founded by Mahavira.
Answer: Jainism
[10] The Svetambars believe that Mallinath, the nineteenth of these individuals that achieve moksha and then show others the path to enlightenment, was female. Mahavira is considered the twenty-fourth and last of them.
Answer: tirthankaras [or Jina; prompt on "fordmaker"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about magistrates in the Roman Republic for 10 points each.,
[10] Holders of this office handled financial affairs for the republic. Sulla made holding this office grant automatic admission to the senate, and it was the lowest civilian office in the Cursus Honorum.
Answer: quaestors
[10] Holders of this office, which was not part of the Cursus Honorum, arranged for the maintenance of public buildings and organized festivals.
Answer: aediles
[10] This group of men escorted Roman civic officials. Those assigned to secular magistrates carried fasces, while the thirty assigned to the Pontifex Maximus did not.
Answer: lictors

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