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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 ACF Regionals Tossups by Chicago B and Harvard B
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
One character from this novel criticizes the railroads of Europe as the Star Wormwood of Revelation. The end of the first part is highly praised; it ends with the central female character spiting the greedy suitor she has just jilted by telling him he can have the money she just threw into the fireplace. Biblical allusions are prevalent in the work: the protagonist views Hans Holbein's Christ in the Grave in the home of his romantic rival, Rogozhin. After leaving the protagonist at the altar, Natasha flees with his rival and the work culminates with the dead girl in the arms of the Christ-figure, the infirm Myskin. FTP, name this work by Fyodor Dostoevsky.
Answer: The Idiot
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In the peace treaty ending this war, the loser was forced to give up the Pescadores Islands and open four ports to merchants from the winning nation. It followed a revolt by the Tonghak Society, after which the eventual winner of this war invaded the capital of a nation neighboring the loser and captured that nation's royal family. The loser of this war asked for peace a month after the battle of Weihaiwei, while their fleet was dealt a serious blow the previous year at the battle of the Yalu River. After Russia, Germany, and France intervened, the peace treaty of Shimonoseki was made less punishing to the loser. FTP, name this war which ended in 1895 and which also involved the loss of Taiwan to the victorious island nation.
Answer: the Sino-Japanese War
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This object's eventual maker spent three days searching for a place to build it before coming upon a rainbow-colored rock where he made his furnace. That maker created a crossbow, a skiff, a magic cow, and a plow before he made this item, and he later stole it from the goddess of the underworld to whom he had given it after she defaulted on her promise of the hand of the Maiden of Pohjola. That goddess, Louhi, had this quern made for her by Ilmarinen, who was assisted in taking it back by his brother Vainamoinen. FTP, name this life-giving mill from Finnish mythology which figures in the Kalevala.
Answer: the sampo
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Herman Melville's Battlepieces included sketches set at this location, whose man-animal relations are the subject of studies by anthropologist Eugene Guribye. Sunsets at picturesque locations like Post Office Bay last only minutes due to its proximity to the equator, and the first black smokers were found near them, close to the boundary of the Cocos and Nazca plates. The Five Hills on its largest island, Isabel, are actually volcanoes, an eruption of which in 1998 forced naturalists to airlift its namesake local fauna to safety. FTP, name this archipelago known in Spain as los Encantatas; the site of evolutionary studies by Charles Darwin.
Answer: Galapagos Islands (accept los Encantatas before it's mentioned)
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In Arabidopsis, a crucial function of the first part of this period seems to be controlled by SOLO DANCERS. In the Xenophus model species, Chk1 kinase arrests oocyte development at this point. Secondary replication occurs during its second sub-phase and it terminates with attachment of non-kinetochore microtubules. Divided into leptotene, zygotene, pachytene, and diplotene sub-phases, this phase ends with diakinesis. During it, the process of synapsis is completed, homologous chromosomes join into tetrads, and crossing-over takes place. FTP, name the phase followed by metaphase I; the first stage of meiosis.
Answer: prophase I (prompt on prophase; prompt on meiosis until "second")
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In the book in which it appears, it precedes a poem in which the author wishes that anyone who "guesses, thinks, or dreams" he knows who the author's mistress is be withered by a curse. In the second stanza of this poem, the author asks that "self murder" and "sacrilege" not be added to a woman's sins. The title creature is meant to show "how little that which" a woman denies to the poet is, and is said to be both a "marriage temple" and a "marriage bed," while the poet and a woman are met "and cloistered" and "living walls of jet." FTP, name this poem about a creature which sucked a woman and then sucked John Donne, thereby mingling two bloods.
Answer: "The Flea"
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It initially experienced success when Tinius Rufus decided to evacuate a major city, after which Julius Severus was brought in to oppose it. Its causes included the creation of a new coin that showed a certain province as a woman taken prisoner and a plan to build a new city called Aelia Capitolina. In its aftermath, a group of wise men who had supported it were executed, after which they became known as the Ten Martyrs. Its namesake leader had a name meaning "son of a star" though his advisor, Rabbi Akiba, announced that he was the anointed king. FTP, name this uprising against Roman rule which began in 132 CE, when Jewish rebels captured Jerusalem.
Answer: Bar-Kochba's Rebellion (accept Bar-Kochba's Revolt)
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In one episode, this character was called "the Doctor" and his scheme to sell some dangerous eggs went awry when he forgot to keep them refrigerated. In another episode, he went to Los Angeles to retrieve a powerful ring that had been taken from him, but it ended up in the hands of a torturer he had hired to ascertain its location. He killed a number of people due to brainwashing triggered by the song "Early One Morning," but it was defused after he fought Robin Wood. He slept with Anya after she was left at the altar by Xander, and died while using a powerful amulet that enabled him to save the world in the final episode of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. FTP, name this peroxided character played by James Marsters.
Answer: Spike (accept William)
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In the 18th book of this work, we learn that the central figure got down from his carriage in hopes of speaking to a madman, but the latter avoided a conversation by hurrying away. That book also includes a list of "men who withdrew from society" and an episode where the central figure announces that "one cannot associate with birds and beasts." In the 20th and final book, we learn that a man who embraces the five excellent practices can take part in government. Along with the other Sishu, this book was published by Zhu Xi in 1190 and consists of remarks compiled after a sage died in 479 BCE. FTP, name this Chinese classic containing the sayings of Confucius.
Answer: The Analects of Confucius (or Lun yu)
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This procedure was first published with Claparede in 1881 in two forms, the second for a hydroxyl-substituted benzene. As performed today, it usually requires an initial acylation but, even with this, the relevant methanoate derivatives are notably unable to carry out the self- form of this reaction. One of the reactants contains a hydrogen alpha to a carbonyl; a deprotonation occurs at this site in the first step and the resulting conjugated system attacks the other reactant, an ester. It requires a strong base catalysis, so the relevant alkoxide is often added to the system. FTP, name this reaction of two esters to yield a beta-keto ester; a condensation named for a German chemist.
Answer: Claisen condensation (or Claisen reaction)
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He used the pseudonym Achates in writing a pamphlet in response to the slave rebellion led by Denmark Vesey. In the War of 1812 he was appointed Major General and given command of the southern district, and later commanded military forces during the Creek War, as well as negotiating the treaty that ended it. He was the Federalist choice for Vice President in 1796, having been selected as their candidate while he was in Europe negotiating a treaty with the so-called "Prince of Peace," Godoy, which provided for free navigation of the Mississippi River. FTP, name this politician from South Carolina who negotiated the 1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo with Spain; a treaty also known by his name.
Answer: Thomas Pinckney (prompt on Pinckney)
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A few minutes before William Fildes was killed, Charles Ethelston took action from Mr. Buxton's house. A year after it took place, Arthur Thistlewood led a group that planned an attack on a party at Lord Harrowby's house, though they were arrested at their house in Cato Street before anyone could be killed. The Earl of Liverpool's government responded to it by passing the repressive Six Acts. It took place on August 16, when an attempt to arrest Henry Hunt went awry and eleven people were killed. FTP, name this event in Manchester at which a crowd gathered to hear a lecture on Parliamentary reform was attacked, a "massacre" of 1819.
Answer: Peterloo Massacre
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Leslie White suggested that the product of technical factor efficiency and per capita energy consumption is an appropriate quantitative measure of the "evolution" of this concept, which, according to another scientist, is best explained in terms of "webs of significance." Those "webs" are best "interpreted" through "thick description" of "deep play" such as the Balinese cock fight according to Cliffy Geertz. A 1944 essay by Bronislaw Malinowski offered a "scientific theory" of it, while a 1934 book about it considers such groups as the Kwakiutl and Zuni. FTP, name this concept whose "patterns" were discussed by Ruth Benedict.
Answer: culture
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One man of this name was put to death along with the poet Lentulus Gaeticulus after conspiring to assassinate his brother-in-law. That man was married to Drusilla, the sister of the man who eventually had him killed, Caligula. Another man of this name made an unsuccessful assassination attempt in 30 BCE, becoming the first man to try to murder an Emperor when he failed to kill Augustus. The most famous man of this name served as consul in 46 BCE before becoming pontifex maximus and, after the battle of Mutina, he joined with Mark Antony to march on Rome. FTP, name these Romans, the last of whom later assisted Octavian against Pompey as the third member of the Second Triumvirate.
Answer: Lepiduses (or Lepidi)
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In the final episode of this novel, three of the title character's daughters are visited by a priest who forces them to discard all but five of the relics in their family's chapel, and the stuffed corpse of the title character's dog Bendico is thrown into a rubbish heap. That episode is set in 1910, after the death of the title character's dashing nephew, Tancredi, who married the daughter of the vulgar mayor of Donnafugata in the 1860's after fighting with the Garibaldists. This was the only novel written by its author and appeared in 1958, a year after his death. FTP, name this work about Don Fabrizio Corbera, the Prince of Salina; a novel by Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa.
Answer: The Leopard or O Leopardo
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The first poetic passage quoted in this work is from Charles Wolfe's "Burial of Sir John Moore at Corunna" and it also quotes from Shakespeare's King John, Tourneur's Revenger's Tragedy, and George Peele's The Battle of Alcazar. It ends by asking if democracy is the "last improvement possible in government" and suggests that a better state would "recognize the individual as a higher and independent power." It first appeared in the Aesthetic Papers published by Elizabeth Peabody in 1849 and begins with the motto "That government is best which governs least." FTP, name this essay by Henry David Thoreau.
Answer: "Civil Disobedience" (or "Resistance to Civil Government")
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This man's first opera, The Magic Fountain, was not performed during his lifetime, though he used music from it in the swamp scene found in Act III of another of his operas. That opera was based on a section of George Washington Cable's The Grandissimes and features the suicide of the quadroon Palmyra after Simon Perez is murdered by the titular voodoo priest, Koanga. In the best-known opera by this man, the Dark Fiddler fails to persuade Sali and Vreli to join him on his travels. FTP, name this creator of the symphonic sketches Brigg Fair and On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring; the German-born British composer of A Village Romeo and Juliet.
Answer: Frederick Theodore Albert Delius
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At the beginning of this story, the protagonist daydreams about "quiet vestibules, hung with Oriental tapestries, lighted by tall lamps of bronze" while watching her maid Brittany work. The actions of this story are precipitated when a junior clerk in the office of the Ministry of Public Information arrives home with a party invitation. The couple goes to the party but has to leave early so that the other guests do not see the protagonist's ragged coat. FTP, what is this inspiration for Henry James' "Paste;" a story in which Mathilde's life is changed when she has to pay 36,000 francs to replace the titular piece of costume jewelry and which is by Guy de Maupassant?
Answer: "The Necklace" or "La Parure"
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This relation may be most directly derived by noting the commutation of the time derivative and bra-ket operators, then assuming harmonic time dependence for the solution of the time-dependent Schrodinger equation. It is not as intuitive for perturbed observables, since its familiar form assumes that the operator corresponding to the observable in question is not explicitly time dependent. A demonstration of the Bohr correspondence principle, it is most often cited for the case of the momentum observable in the coordinate representation, in which case it reduced to a highly familiar statement about the total time derivative of the momentum's expectation. FTP, name this theorem, often cited as a quantum analog of Newton's 2nd law.
Answer: Ehrenfest's theorem
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He depicted a man in a suit of armor standing on a small boat and kissing a naked woman whose pudenda are obscured by a metal chain in his painting The Deliverance of Arsinoe. The titular nude figure dips her left leg into a pool of water while looking at a mirror behind which can be seen a bald, bearded man in his The Bathing Susanna. A figure hanging horizontally in space and wearing a red robe holds a baby which sucks at the breast of another naked woman in his The Origin of the Milky Way. His other works include Vulcan Surprising Venus and Mars and a notable 1594 version of the Last Supper. FTP, name this mannerist painter who was born Jacopo Robusti.
Answer: Tintoretto (accept Jacopo Robusti before it's mentioned)
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In one of his poems, this author claimed to "crave the stain / Of tears" and the "sweet of bitter bark / And burning clove" before concluding that he longs "to feel the earth as rough / To all my length." In another poem, he claimed to have "looked down the saddest city lane" and to have seen a "luminary clock against the sky" which "proclaimed the time was neither wrong nor right." In addition to "To Earthward" and "Acquainted with the Night," he wrote about a "dimpled spider" holding up a moth in his sonnet "Design" and about a "broken drinking goblet" hidden "so the wrong ones can't find it" in the poem "Directive." FTP, name this American poet of "The Gift Outright" and "The Road Not Taken."
Answer: Robert Frost
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"The lemma that is not Burnside's" is actually due to this man and his namesake problem is to solve a general first-order ODE with an analytic inhomogeneous term. With Euler, this person is the namesake of equations of the form x-squared times y-double-prime, plus a times x times y-prime, plus b times y, equals 0. With Riemann, he names two PDE's satisfied by all holomorphic functions and the completeness of a space is defined by uniform convergence of his namesake sequences. He is the namesake, with Schwarz, of an inequality comparing the norms of two vectors to the magnitude of their inner product, and he made the original definition of the limit. FTP, name this prolific mathematician; a French military engineer.
Answer: Augustin Louis Cauchy
 
2006 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Chicago B and Harvard B
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David Dodd goes mad when the titular thing is stolen by the dishonest Richard Hardie, but Dodd later escapes and goes back to sea. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1863 novel, a sequel to the earlier Love My Little, Love My Long.
Answer: Hard Cash
[10] Hard Cash was written by this Victorian writer, who is best known for his book about the young Erasmus, The Cloister and the Hearth.
Answer: Charles Reade
[10] Reade's last great success was Drink, an adaptation of this French author's L'Assommoir. He also wrote Germinal.
Answer: Emile Zola
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Name the following genetic defects and diseases FTPE.,
[10] Caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21 and associated with children born from older mothers, this disease can cause cognitive and developmental disability.
Answer: Down syndrome
[10] Found in approximately 1 in 700 men, this disorder is caused by the presence of an extra X chromosome, giving the karyotype 47,XXY. It causes infertility and delayed motor development.
Answer: Klinefelter's syndrome
[10] Meaning "without cartilage formation" and occurring in approximately 1 in 25,000 births, people with this condition exhibit severely stunted growth due to the stunted cartilage ossification in growth plates.
Answer: achondroplasia (or achrondroplastic dwarfism)
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When he died in 1645, he was succeeded to the throne by his 16-year-old son. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Russian ruler, the first of his namesake dynasty, whose rule was marked by the Peace of Stolbovo with Sweden.
Answer: Michael Romanov or Mikhail Romanov (prompt on Romanov)
[10] This father of Michael Romanov returned to Russia after the Peace of Deulino in 1619, whereupon he was given the title "Great Sovereign" and assumed power until his death in 1633.
Answer: Filaret or Feodor Nikitich Romanov (prompt on Romanov)
[10] Name the son of Michael Romanov who succeeded him in 1645 and went on to rule Russia for 31 years; his reign featured the Thirteen Years' War with Poland.
Answer: Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov (or Alexis Mikhailovich Romanov; prompt on Romanov)
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Answer these questions about the New Deal FTPE.,
[10] In U.S. v. Butler, the Supreme Court ruled that the production control and processing tax elements of this 1933 act, which aimed to eliminate crop surpluses, were unconstitutional.
Answer: the Agricultural Adjustment Act
[10] General Hugh Johnson was made the director of this agency, which was created by an act that set up a group of fair competition codes for industry.
Answer: the National Recovery Administration
[10] This agency, which was established in 1935 and headed by Rexford Tugwell, set up communities for poor urban workers which were known as "Greenbelt towns" after the Maryland suburb it created.
Answer: the Resettlement Administration
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Answer the following about a certain vector FTPE.,
[10] This vector indicative of the propagation direction of an electromagnetic wave is equal to the vector product of the electric and magnetic fields.
Answer: Poynting vector (prompt on S)
[10] In Poynting's theorem, the Poynting vector appears as the current density of this quantity for the electromagnetic field.
Answer: energy of the field
[10] In the cgs momentum balance for the classical electromagnetic field, volume integrals of the time partial of the Poynting vector by c squared and force density balance the surface integral of this tensor.
Answer: Maxwell stress tensor (prompt on Maxwell tensor or stress tensor)
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Answer these questions about various sacks of Rome FTPE.,
[10] After Muslim forces sacked Rome in 846 CE, this Pope had walls built around the Vatican which were later named for him.
Answer: Pope Leo IV
[10] In 390 BCE, a group of Celts led by Brennus sacked Rome, but were eventually persuaded to leave after this Roman, who was elected dictator five times, paid them off.
Answer: Marcus Furius Camillus
[10] This chief of the Visigoths led their sack of Rome in 410 CE.
Answer: Alaric
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Answer each of the following about some astronomical goings-on FTPE.,
[10] Defined at its outer boundary by a namesake "cliff," this region was first postulated by Leonard in 1930, but is credited to one or two of its later postulators.
Answer: Edgeworth-Kuiper belt or disc (accept either name)
[10] These icy, asteroid-sized bodies probably originated in the Kuiper belt. The second of them, Pholus, was discovered in 1977.
Answer: Centaurs (or Centaur objects)
[10] This recently-discovered, highly red Kuiper belt objects has an orbital period of 11,487 years, is roughly two-thirds the size of Pluto and is named for an Inuit sea goddess.
Answer: 90377 Sedna
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Three years after this philosopher died in 1975, the posthumous volume The Life of the Mind appeared. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author whose other books include Between Past and Future and Men in Dark Times.
Answer: Hannah Arendt
[10] In 1963, Arendt covered this man's trial in Jerusalem, which led to a book on the "banality of evil."
Answer: Adolf Eichmann
[10] Arendt wrote a dissertation under Karl Jaspers on the "concept of love" in this early Christian thinker, whose own works include The Teacher, a dialogue conducted with his son Adeodatus.
Answer: St. Augustine of Hippo
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Name these poems by Robert Browning FTPE.,
[10] It begins by asking "Ah, did you once see Shelley plain," while in the fourth and final stanza the speaker picks up an "eagle-feather" and notes that he forgets the rest.
Answer: "Memorabilia"
[10] The speaker asks "What's the Greek name for Swine's Snout?" and wonders what he can do to damn Brother Lawrence, his "heart's abhorrence," in this poem.
Answer: "Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister"
[10] Claus of Innsbruck cast a statue of Neptune for the speaker of this dramatic monologue, who had also patronized an artist named Fra Pandolf.
Answer: "My Last Duchess"
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Name these winners of the Davey O'Brien Award, ostensibly given to the best quarterback in college, FTPE.,
[10] In 1989, this Houston quarterback won both the O'Brien and the Heisman Trophy after throwing 46 touchdown passes. He was a phenomenal bust in the League despite John Madden's predictions.
Answer: Andre Ware
[10] The first two-time winner of the award was this quarterback for BYU in the early `90s, who also picked up a Heisman.
Answer: Ty Detmer (prompt on Detmer)
[10] After Peyton Manning won in 1997, the award went to a number of players who went on to less spectacular NFL careers, starting the following year when this Kansas State player won.
Answer: Michael Bishop
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Answer these questions about European diplomacy in the first decade of the 20th century FTPE.,
[10] This 1906 conference confirmed the independence of Morocco and gave France the authority to control Morocco's Algerian border.
Answer: Algeciras
[10] In July, 1905, this treaty providing for mutual aid between Germany and Russia was signed by Kaiser Wilhelm and Tsar Nicholas II, but it fell apart when France refused to back it.
Answer: the Bjorko Treaty
[10] A naval conference held in this European capital in 1908 defined rules of sea warfare, but its conventions were not ratified.
Answer: London
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At the beginning of this work, a Russian woman named Rosaura comes to a fortress while in disguise as a man. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play which first appeared in 1635, and characters in which include a general named Clotaldo and a woman named Estrella.
Answer: Life Is a Dream or La vida es sueno
[10] This author of the Spanish Golden Age wrote Life Is a Dream.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
[10] This son of Basilio becomes King of Poland and marries Estrella at the end of the play.
Answer: Segismundo
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Name these 19th-century piano virtuosos who also wrote some music FTPE.,
[10] Works by this great Hungarian performer, who is thought to have invented the modern piano recital, include Years of Pilgrimage and the Mephisto Waltz.
Answer: Franz Liszt
[10] This Italian wrote the lengthy Fantasia contrappuntistica, which ends with variations on the letters in the name "Bach," as well as six sonatinas, one of which is based on Bizet's Carmen.
Answer: Ferruccio Benvenuto Busoni
[10] This American virtuoso wrote a symphony for ten pianos but is best remembered for compositions inspired by Creole melodies like "Bamboula."
Answer: Louis Moreau Gottschalk
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His early works include a portrait of his first wife, Pauline Ono, and 1845's Reclining Nude. FTPE:,
[10] Name this French painter, who went on to produce such canvases as Woman Grazing Her Cow and The Angelus.
Answer: Jean-Francois Millet
[10] Millet is best known for this 1857 painting, which shows three women stooped over at work and some haystacks in the background.
Answer: The Gleaners
[10] Millet was a prominent member of this group of French artists based in the Fontainebleau forest, which also included Constant Troyon and Jules Dupre.
Answer: the Barbizon School
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Answer these questions about a figure from African mythology FTPE.,
[10] This spider folk hero of the Ashanti people is commonly known for his trickster ways.
Answer: Compe Anansi (or Kwaku Anansi or Aunt Nancy or Nansi or Mr. Nancy)
[10] In most Ashanti myths, Anansi is the intermediary cum foil of this omniscient and omnipresent sky god, his father.
Answer: Nyame (or Nyankopon)
[10] Anansi was overthrown as king of all men after he got angry at this statue for not heeding him and struck it. Nyame's powers caused Anansi's legs to stick fast and his subjects then beat him.
Answer: wax girl (accept equivalents, so long as they make it clear it's a girl made of wax; prompt on just girl)
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This man went into retirement after the man he had made king won a war against the Ammonites. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man, who was later compelled to announce the rejection of the man he had earlier installed as king; the third of those rejections was posthumous.
Answer: Samuel
[10] This king was anointed by Samuel and later got a necromancer to summon Samuel's ghost so that he could once again be told that God had forsaken him.
Answer: Saul
[10] Samuel rejected Saul for the second time after Saul didn't get the job done against this nomadic tribe, who were defeated by the Hebrews at Rephidim during the Exodus.
Answer: the Amalekites
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The title character falls in love with Madame de Chasteller while serving in the army before taking a job with the government in Paris. FTPE:,
[10] Name this unfinished novel which wasn't published until 1894, 52 years after the death of its author.
Answer: Lucien Leuwen
[10] Lucien Leuwen was written by this French novelist, whose other books include The Life of Henry Brulard and a novel about Julien Sorel.
Answer: Stendhal (or Marie-Henri Beyle)
[10] Along with The Red and the Black, this novel about Fabrice del Dongo, who dies at the titular monastery, is considered Stendhal's finest work.
Answer: The Charterhouse of Parma (or Le Charteruse de Parme)
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Answer each of the following from chemistry FTPE.,
[10] This functional group having formula C6H5 is effectively a benzene ring with something substituted for one of the hydrogens.
Answer: phenyl group or ring
[10] This other functional group consists of a nitrogen double-bonded to a nitrogen, double-bonded to a nitrogen. It forms a singly charged anion in isolation.
Answer: azido group (or azide)
[10] The azide alkane form of this [3 + 2] cycloaddition yields 1-2-3-triazoles. It may be used as a polymerization with phenyl azide as a stop.
Answer: Huisgen cycloaddition (or 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition)
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Answer these questions about the presidential election of 1848 FTPE.,
[10] After Polk declined to run for a second term, the Democrats nominated this Michigan politician as their presidential candidate.
Answer: Lewis Cass
[10] When the Barnburners seceded from the Democratic Party, they nominated this former President as their candidate for President. He finished a distant third in the popular vote.
Answer: Martin Van Buren
[10] The Liberty Party decided that Van Buren was their choice also, so this politician from New Hampshire, who had been nominated for the Presidency at the Liberty Party's 1847 convention, withdrew. He would be the Free-Soil Presidential nominee in 1852.
Answer: John Parker Hale
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Her first book, The Kingfisher, didn't appear until she was 63. FTPE:,
[10] Name this contemporary American poet whose other books include What the Light Was Like and Westward.
Answer: Amy Clampitt
[10] Amy Clampitt was championed by this literary critic, a professor at Harvard, whose own books include The Music of What Happens and the massive The Art of Shakespeare's Sonnets.
Answer: Helen Vendler
[10] One of Helen Vendler's most influential books was On Extended Wings, a study of this American poet. The title comes from his "Sunday Morning."
Answer: Wallace Stevens

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