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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by Brown A
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The protagonist of this novel expresses his tiredness of boiled potatoes while eating with his friend Joseph. Afterwards, he sees his fiancee with Sam Okoli, the Minister of State, before getting an interview for his eventual job with Mr. Green at the Public Service Commission. Later on, the protagonist's grandmother plans to commit suicide if the protagonist marries the osu Clara, whom he had met while studying law in England, thanks to a scholarship from the Umuofia Progressive Union. Opening with Obi Okwonko's trial, the novel eventually shows how he came to taking bribes. For 10 points, name this Chinua Achebe novel, a sequel to Things Fall Apart.
Answer: No Longer at Ease
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Reversing the Edict of Restitution, the terms of this agreement resulted in the sovereignty of the Helvetic Body, and the Ober, Elbe, and Weser being given to Sweden. France made away with three Lorraine bishoprics and certain rights in Alsace. In addition, the Holy Roman Empire could no longer raise taxes under this agreement, which renewed the terms stated in the Peace of Augsburg by allowing each German state to choose its own religion. Also allowing Calvinism, it was comprised of two treaties signed at Munster and Osnabruck. For 10 points, name this 1648 settlement which ended the Thirty Years War.
Answer: Treaty/Peace of Westphalia
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In 2007, researchers at the International Space Station used this property to grow crystals in ways that counteract Earth's gravity. Haberditzl's ABIS system and Pascal's constants describe a material's tendency toward this property, which MO theory predicts should occur in molecules with paired electrons. One of its best known consequences was initially thought to violate Earnshaw's Theorem, and it is described as a molecular version of Lenz's law. Exhibited strongly in pyrolitic graphite and bismuth, its perfect form is found in superconductors, and materials exhibiting it can be levitated. For 10 points, name this induced form of magnetism that opposes an applied magnetic field.
Answer: Diamagnetism
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One early victory for this man came against his grandfather at Echbatana, and this man's general Gubaru conquered Opis, giving him control of a vast canal system. He suffered a draw in the Battle of Pteria against Croesus, but managed to catch up to him near Sardis and soundly defeated him at Thymbra. He promulgated the Edit of Restoration, which ended the Babylonian captivity of Jews. He was succeeded by Cambyses II after his death near the Syr Darya during a campaign towards Egypt. For 10 points, name this Achaemanid ruler and conqueror from Persia, whose namesake cylinder is one of the earliest charters of human rights.
Answer: Cyrus the Great [or Cyrus II; or Cyrus the Elder]
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The Menominee river and the St. Clair river form boundaries around this state, two principle rivers of which are the Au Sable and Cheboygan. The Porcupine Mountains contains the Lake of the Clouds in this state, which sees its East and Middle branches of the Escanaba river join in the town of Gwinn. Saginaw Bay separates its "Thumb" region, and the Straits of Mackinac separate its Upper and Lower portions. It is the only state consisting of two peninsulas and bounded by four of the five Great Lakes. For 10 points, name this state whose cities include Grand Rapids, East Lansing, Flint, and Detroit.
Answer: Michigan
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The manic sexual desires of the title nun are the subject of this composer's opera Sancta Susanna, while Thorton Wilder collaborated with him on his tragicomedy about the Bayard family, The Long Christmas Dinner. His use of a non-diatonic system was detailed in The Craft of Musical Composition and applied in his piano piece Ludus Tonalis. The composer of a viola concerto whose title means "The Swan-Turner," he took a suggestion to write Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber. For 10 points, name this German composer of the requiem When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd and an opera about the painter of the Isenheim altarpiece, Mathis der Maler.
Answer: Paul Hindemith
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Goldbeter and Koshland expanded it in a 1983 paper to account for ultrasensitivity brought on by covalent modification, and the pigment depletion formula is one modification of it. Savageau considered dimensionally restricted conditions, and a key step in its derivation was due to Briggs and Haldane. An Eadie-Hofstee diagram uses it, though it is more famously the basis of the double reciprocal Lineweaver-Burke plot. One of its namesake's eponymous constant used in it can be defined as the substrate concentration at which the reaction occurs at half of its maximum speed. For 10 points, name this doubly eponymous equation that describes enzyme kinetics.
Answer: Michaelis-Menten equation
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With Wasserman, he created a Cluster School where all rules were made by democratic consent of the students, and James Rest developed the Defining Issues test as an extension of this man's work. His most famous construct was criticized as phallocentric by Carol Gilligan in her In A Different Voice; that work was done after asking seventy boys in Chicago whether it would be allowable for a poor man to steal medication for his wife. He wrote of the pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional stages. For 10 points, name this psychologist who wrote The Philosophy of Moral Development.
Answer: Lawrence Kohlberg
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After being drafted fifteenth overall, he was traded for Martin Murrsepp, Bubba Wells, and a draft pick. In 2000, he was the #2 scorer, behind Michael Meeks and ahead of Todd MacCulloch and Rowan Barrett, on an Olympic team which upset Russia and Yugoslavia. In 1993, he made six free throws in the final thirty-one seconds of a first-round NCAA game against second-seeded Arizona to lead his West Coast Conference champion Santa Clara team to victory. Now playing with Shawn Marion and Amare Stoudemire, he won the 2005 and 2006 MVP awards. For 10 points, name this Canadian point guard for the Phoenix Suns.
Answer: Steve Nash
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In one of her works, a flat tire causes a character to announce, "Pass the butter to the victim," and Mrs. May is ultimately killed by an animal on the farm. In addition to "Greenleaf," this author wrote a short story in which a boy knocks over a woman and breaks her ankle, and his grandfather Mr. Head denies being related to avoid paying the medical bill. One of her novels is about the teenage preacher from Powderhead, Francis Marion Tarwater, while another features Enoch Emery's theft of "the new jesus" and the fake blind man Asa Hawks. For 10 points, name this writer of The Violent Bear It Away and "Good Country People," who created Hazel Motes in Wise Blood.
Answer: Flannery O'Connor
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The aria "Di provenza il mar" is sung by one character in this opera to comfort his son, whose love for the title character was first admitted to her by Gastone de Letorieres in Act I. Later, the title character's new husband, the Baron Dauphol, becomes infuriated with the gambling successes of Giorgio Germont's son, who misunderstands the title character's warnings and storms off. Earlier, the duet "Libiamo" is sung at the opening party by Alfredo and the object of his affection, the titular courtesan. For 10 points, name this opera in which Violetta eventually dies of consumption, a work by Giuseppe Verdi.
Answer: La Traviata
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The last speaker here was Samuel Fielden. Carter Harrison joined the crowd for the time and left before it started. Following a trial which Joseph Gary presided over, Albert Parsons, George Engel, and others were hanged, and Louis Lingg committed suicide. The day before this event, one person was killed outside the McCormick Harvesting Compnay Plant. Governor John Peter Altgeld pardoned three of the men convicted in this event, and later continued a pro-union stance during the Pullman Strike. For 10 points, identify this incident of May 4, 1886 where someone threw a bomb into the crowd at a Chicago marketplace.
Answer: Haymarket Square Riot
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13 He killed the demon Puloman and married that figure's daughter. He aborted Diti's fetus and broke it into forty-nine parts, and each piece grew into the Maruts. He makes his home in Svarga, and in one story he learns that every previous holder of his name has been turned into an ant. After he is caught having an affair with Ahalya, Maharishi cursed him with vaginas all over his body. In preparation for a battle, he drank a huge amount of soma and destroyed ninety-nine different fortresses; he fought in order to restore water to the world. He rides on the back of the white elephant named Airavata, and he wields the thunderbolt Vajra. For 10 points, name this Vedic god of thunder.
Answer: Indra
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This hormone's releasing factor is the human analog of bombesin, and activation of somatostatin-2 receptors on the cells that release this hormone can inhibit its release. One form of this peptide acts upon the D cells of the antrum, and overproduction of this hormone leads to Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Usually secreted in the presence of calcium and amino acids, it binds to enterochromaffin-like cells and stimulates the release of histamine, and it also binds to chief cells to stimulate the release of pepsinogen. For 10 points, name this digestive hormone secreted by G cells, which regulates the secretion of gastric acid in the stomach.
Answer: Gastrin
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William Priestly aided this man in his plans for the Resor house, and this architect also created what was then Canada's tallest building, the Toronto-Dominion Centre. His plans to build a home for a Chicago kidney specialist were preceded by the construction of a pavilion consisting of a raised terrace and eight cruciform columns for the Barcelona Exhibition. In addition to the Farnsworth House in Plano, he co-produced a skyscraper on Park Avenue for a distilling company and was the last director of the Bauhaus. For 10 points, name this German architect whose collaboration with Philip Johnson produced the Seagram building, known for the adage that "less is more."
Answer: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
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His right-hand man was assassinated by a military conspiracy, and he helped organize the National Committee for the Rapid Realization of Independence. He was recruited through the Office of Strategic services by Preston Goodfellow, and his namesake line banned foreign fishing around Liancourt Rocks. He brutally put down a rebellion on Cheju island during his time in office. The April 19th movement ousted him and his wife Franziska Donner from power, and, like Sun Yat-Sen, he fled to Hawaii, he after being replaced by Yun Boseon. For 10 points, name this man who came to power in 1948 and opposed Kim Il Sung as the first president of South Korea.
Answer: Syngman Rhee
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One member of this group outlined the distinction between "phronesis" and "techne" and criticized the dissolution of epistemology from science. This group included that author of Theory and Practice and Knowledge and Human Interests, who wrote The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. It also included "On Borrowed Experience" about radio soap operas and The Arcades Project, respectively by Herta Hertog and Walter Benjamin. Leading members were the author of The Culture Industry, Theodor Adorno, and The Theory of Communicative Action, Jurgen Habermas. For 10 points, identify this neo-Marxist circle named for a German city.
Answer: Frankfurt School
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This work describes how the "Pansy at my feet" repeats certain questions. Its tenth stanza opens by asking "ye Birds, sing, sing a joyous song!", and it ends by thanking "the human heart by which we live,/Thanks to its tenderness, its joys, and fears." It opens with words from its author's poem "My Heart Leaps Up," followed by describing a time "The earth, and every common sight,/To me did seem/Appareled in celestial light," and it goes on to describe how "the heavens laugh" with "ye blessed creatures" and the "Child among his new-born blisses." For 10 points, name this poem about "Recollections of Early Childhood," written by William Wordsworth.
Answer: "Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood"
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The marriages of Laura and Flora end this author's It is Better than It Was, while Cesar Ursino marries Flerida Colona in his It is Worse than It Was. This author wrote about Don Carlos and Juan competing for the love of Maria in The Fake Astrologer, while Julia turns out to be Eusebio's sister in his The Devotion of the Cross. This author is better known for writing a play about Don Alvaro's tape of Isabel, the daughter of title character Pedro Crespo, as well as a play which sees Rosauro married to Astolfo after Sigismundo becomes King of Poland. For 10 points, name this Golden Age Spanish dramatist who wrote The Mayor of Zalamea and Life is a Dream.
Answer: Pedro Calderon de la Barca
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The BBC recently introduced a codec for video transmission named for this man, who noted that several size ratios in the universe were of the same magnitude in his large numbers hypothesis. A representation of the Clifford algebra is expressed in his eponymous 4 by 4 matrices, and he expanded on the work of Poisson to account for second-class constraints in his eponymous brackets. His comb is a series of another function that he names, and his eponymous sea led to the prediction of a certain particle and grew from his relativistic version of the wave equation. For 10 points, name this man who predicted the positron and names a unit impulse delta function.
Answer: Paul Dirac
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Religious themes became present in this author's later works as seen in the Catholic messages in The Wild Orchid. The title character of this author's third work leaves her fiancee, Helge Gran, and begins a relationship with his father before leaving for Rome and committing suicide in another. Those works, Gunnar's Daughter and Jenny, joined one about the murder of the fiancee of Olav called The Master of Hestviken, while the trilogy composed of Bridal Wreath, The Mistress of Husaby, and The Cross depicted the life of a fourteenth-century knight's daughter. For 10 points, name this Norwegian author of the Kristin Lavransdotter series.
Answer: Sigrid Undset
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While Henry Ireton's cavalry charge from Mill Hill in this battle was repulsed, the opposing army attacked the baggage camp to search for loot. The question of, "Will you go upon your death?", posed by Marmaduke Langdale, prevented reserves from fighting. While one side saw temporary after separating George Goring from the rest of his forces, others rode south to the siege at Oxford, leading to this battle. By the end, the losing infantry was surrounded, and Prince Rupert stayed to fight Lord Fairfax and the New Model Army while the king fled. For 10 points, name this 1645 battle which saw Oliver Cromwell defeat the army of Charles I in the English Civil War.
Answer: Battle of Naseby
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This religion has a namesake "Steele" in the city of Xi'an, indicating that it was accepted by the Emperor Taizong. Babai the Great resurrected a version of this heresy, while another notable proponent was Theodore of Antioch. The Assyrian church of the east continues to follow a version of this doctrine, which rejected the term "Theotokos" for Mary. Cyril of Alexandria violently opposed this heresy, and along with Manicheism, it was denounced at the Council of Chalcedon. For 10 points, name this heresy denounced at the Council of Ephesus which believed that Christ exists in two natures, named after an Archbishop of Constantinople.
Answer: Nestorianism
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The iterated version of it was solved by Ernie Brickell in 1984 using a Cray-1, and a special case of it is used in the currently unbroken Chor-Rivest public key system. Its decision version was proved to be NP-complete by reducing the exact cover problem to it. One special case of it is the decision version with the constraint that the cost equals the value, and is equivalent to asking whether there exists a subset of a set of integers which has a given sum. For 10 points, name this combinatorial optimization problem, whose simplest formulation gives a set of items, each with a different weight and value, and asks you to maximize the value while being able to fit them in a certain bag.
Answer: Knapsack problem
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Brown A
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This sculpture, created out of painted steel wire and sheet aluminum, suggests the graceful movement of its title aquatic creatures. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1939 sculpture found in the Museum of Modern Art.
Answer: Lobster Trap and Fish Tail
[10] Lobster Trap and Fish Tail was created by this American sculptor, who sculpted a mercury fountain on behalf of the Spanish Republican government and is often credited with inventing the mobile.
Answer: Alexander Stirling Calder
[10] Calder created a 53 foot-tall Flamingo, which is located in front of the Kluczynski Federal Building in this city, which is also home to Frank Lloyd Wright's Robie house.
Answer: Chicago, Illinois
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Sydney Brenner was the first to popularize the use of this nematode. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this model invertebrate organism that has four larval stages and undergoes exactly 191 apoptotic events during its development. It is also the first organism to have the fate of every cell in its embryo mapped out.
Answer: Caenorhabditis Elegans
[10] Craig Mello and Andrew Fire discovered this universal method of gene knockdown in C. Elegans. It relies on creating antisense nucleotides in order to regulate messenger RNA expression.
Answer: RNA interference
[10] This C. Elegans phenotype creates characteristically short and fat organisms. About 43 variations exist, but many are due to mutations in cuticle collagen.
Answer: Dumpy
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The narrator claims that "we're not our skin of grime, we're not our dread bleak dusty imageless locomotive." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem, in which the narrator grabs "the skeleton thick" title plant and "stuck it at [his] side like a scepter."
Answer: "Sunflower Sutra"
[10] This author of "A Supermarket in California" and a poem in remembrance of his mother Naomi wrote "Sunflower Sutra."
Answer: Allen Ginsberg
[10] The narrator repeats "I'm with you in Rockland" several times during this Ginsberg poem, which opens with "I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness."
Answer: "Howl"
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Identify these Mexican states, for 10 points each.,
[10] This northern-most state of Mexico has its capital at Tijuana. It's bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Cortes on the east.
Answer: Baja California [or Lower California]
[10] To the east of Baja California is this state, which also borders Chihuahua on its east and Sinaloa to its south. Hermosillo is its capital, and it is the second largest in area, behind Chihuahua. It has a namesake desert.
Answer: Sonora
[10] This central Mexican state signed an agreement with Idaho in 1996. With its capital at Guadalajara, it is bordered by Guanajuato to the east and contains Lake Chapala, Mexico's largest freshwater lake.
Answer: Jalisco
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It was immediately followed by the Nara period, and is sometimes subdivided into the Kofun and Asuka periods. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Japanese era lasting from about 250 to 710 AD, which saw the introduction of Buddhism, the passing of a 17-article constitution based on Confucian principles, and the reign of the Soga Clan.
Answer: Yamato Period
[10] This four-article set of reforms was passed in 646 by Kotoku tenno, right after the death of Prince Shotoku. It created a feudal system based on Shoen and set up a hierarchy of civil offices based on the Chinese imperial system
Answer: Taika Reforms
[10] Recent historical work has discredited the notion that Yamato-era Japan exercised dominion over this place, which was later ruled independently by the Paekje, Silla, and Choson dynasties.
Answer: Korea [accept obvious equivalents]
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While some believe that his name could be Lautaro, it is eventually determined that the title character's name is Estaban. For 10 points each:,
[10] The villagers become the kinsmen of the title character, who is too large and heavy for chairs and extraordinarily beautiful, in this short story.
Answer: "The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World" [or "El abogado mas hermoso del mundo"]
[10] "The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World" is a short story by this Colombian author, who is better known for such novels as Love in the Time of Cholera and No One Writes to the Colonel.
Answer: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
[10] "The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World" appears in this debut short story collection by Gabriel Garcia Marquez, named for a title yarn in which Isabel remembers Meme and the suicidal Doctor.
Answer: Leaf Storm [or La Hojarasca]
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Answer the following about a lab technique for the stated number of points.,
[10] This form of spectroscopy uses light with wavelengths longer than visible light to probe the vibrational modes of chemical bonds. It plots the transmittance of light at wavenumbers from about 4000 to 400 inverse centimeters.
Answer: IR [or infrared] spectroscopy
[10] The region of an IR spectrum from about 400 to 1600 inverse centimeters is given this name because its complex bands provide a great deal of structural information to identify a molecule.
Answer: fingerprint region
[10] For five points each, name any two of the four modes of vibration in chemical bonds besides symmetrical and asymmetrical stretching that are typically probed in IR spectroscopy.
Answer: scissoring, wagging, twisting, and rocking
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He wrote a massive Requiem featuring 4 brass choirs. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer of The Damnation of Faust and a symphony about an opium-addicted artist that includes such movements as "Dreams-Passions" and "March to the Scaffold," Symphonie Fantastique.
Answer: Hector Berlioz
[10] This second symphony of Berlioz's notably features a viola solo due to a request from Paganini. Based on a poem by Lord Byron, it features such movements as "Marche des pelerins" and "Orgie de brigands."
Answer: Harold en Italie [or Harold in Italy]
[10] This "sad" choral and orchestral work, Berlioz's opus 18, contains three movements; the first is a "Religious Meditation" on a Thomas More poem, while 2 and 3 depict the death of Ophelia and a funeral march from Hamlet.
Answer: Tristia
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Identify these films which featured noted Fresh Prince Will Smith, for 10 points each.,
[10] Smith plays the Shrek-loving Robert Neville in this 2007 film based on Richard Matheson's novel of the same name. It deals with something about a man-made virus and has about three significant characters.
Answer: I Am Legend
[10] Smith plays the title caddy in this 2000 film Robert Redford film, helping Matt Damon's character play against Bobby Jones and Walter Hagen in an exhibition match.
Answer: The Legend of Bagger Vance
[10] Tea Cake Walters, played by Smith, is Zora Matthews's friend in this 1993 film, which sees Whoopi Goldberg's character realize that her sperm donor was actually a white guy, played by Ted Danson.
Answer: Made in America
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Identify these fictional weavers and creators of same, for 10 points each.,
[10] Eppie is the adopted daughter of the title "weaver of Raveloe" in this George Eliot novel. After being falsely accused of theft, the title character meets that daughter of Godfrey Cass.
Answer: Silas Marner
[10] This weaver plays Pyramus in the play put on for Theseus's marriage in A Midsummer Night's Dream. Puck turns his head into that of an ass during the play.
Answer: Nick Bottom
[10] This German dramatist of "The Beaver Coat" and The Sunken Bell wrote about Old Baumert and Old Hilse, the title characters of his play The Weavers.
Answer: Gerhart Hauptmann
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Answer the following about the Great Schism, for 10 points each.,
[10] Called by Emperor Sigismund, this ecumenical council ended the Great Schism. It deposed Antipope John XXIII and ordered the writing of the Ars moriendi.
Answer: Council of Constance
[10] This man was chosen as pope to end the Great Schism. Dying soon after calling the Council of Basel, he had earlier called a council at Pavia.
Answer: Pope Martin V [prompt on partial answer]
[10] The Council of Constance also tricked this Bohemian follower of John Wycliffe into showing up for his own burning at the stake.
Answer: Jan Hus
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Despite the urgings of Lavarcham, the nurse of the title character, said title character marries some fellow she met in the forest and not Conchubor, the High King of Ulster. For 10 points each:,
[10] The title character commits suicide with the death of her husband Naisi at the end of what play?
Answer: Deirdre of the Sorrows
[10] Deirdre of the Sorrows is one of the plays written by which author, who also penned When the Moon Has Set and The Playboy of the Western World.
Answer: John Millington Synge
[10] Eight male relatives of Maurya drown in the vicinity of the Aran Islands in this Synge play.
Answer: Riders to the Sea
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Also called the Organic Act, it set up a 35-member House of Representatives, along with a civil governor and executive council. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1900 act that established a civil government in a certain island recently captured in the Spanish-American War, which was named for an Ohio senator.
Answer: Foraker Act
[10] The Foraker Act installed Charles Herbert Allen as the first governor of this territory, where the USS Yale attacked San Cristobal and the fleet under William Sampson bombarded San Juan during the war.
Answer: Puerto Rico
[10] Including DeLima v. Bidwell, this set of Supreme Court cases ruled that the constitution does not necessarily follow the flag. It affected Guam and Puerto Rico, among others.
Answer: Insular Cases
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Its name comes from the Greek for "without strength," reflecting its ability to behave as a liquid over long distances. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this uppermost region of the Earth's mantle, on top of which is the lithosphere.
Answer: Asthenosphere
[10] Named after a Croatian seismologist, this is the boundary between the crust and mantle, which coincides with the boundary between the asthenosphere and the lithosphere under mid-ocean ridges.
Answer: Mohorovicic discontinuity
[10] The Gutenberg discontinuity occurs around the top of this layer, named according to Keith Bullen's system, which comprises the lowermost 200 km of the mantle, and may be made of the mineral post-perovskite.
Answer: D'' ["D double prime" or "D prime prime"]
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One collection of his meditations is the 1989 volume The Examined Life. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this libertarian professor and author of Invariances and The Nature of Rationality, along with a notable critique of A Theory of Justice by John Rawls.
Answer: Robert Nozick
[10] Nozick criticized Rawls' A Theory of Justice in this work, which argues that an ultraminimal state is the only way to preserve rights.
Answer: Anarchy, State, and Utopia
[10] This 1997 Nozick book begins by stating that Anarchy, State, and Utopia was borne out of frustration while trying to characterize free will. It contains "Who Would Choose Socialism?" and a critique of weighted voting
Answer: Socratic Puzzles
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Identify the following people who painted George Washington for 10 points each.,
[10] Arguably the most famous portrait of George Washington, which appears on the one dollar bill, is by this American portraitist who also depicted Washington in the Lansdowne Portrait and painted The Skater.
Answer: Gilbert Stuart
[10] This German immigrant created a work sometimes called Westward, Ho! for the US Capitol, but his fame rests on his work Washington Crossing the Delaware.
Answer: Emmanuel Leutze
[10] This American painted several portraits of Washington and other early Presidents. He also painted a portrait of his sons Raphaelle and Titian in his The Staircase Group, as well as The Exhumation of the Mastadon.
Answer: Charles Wilson Peale
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Identify the following from complex analysis for 10 points each.,
[10] These functions have values in the complex plane C that are complex differentiable at every point.
Answer: Holomorphic [or Analytic] functions
[10] A function f = u + vi is holomorphic if and only if u and v satisfy these doubly eponymous equations that relate the partial derivatives of u and v.
Answer: Cauchy-Riemann Equations
[10] Complex numbers are often critical for generating these shapes that can be subdivided into parts which are approximately reduced-size copies of the whole. Examples include the Mandelbrot set and the Sierpinski Triangle.
Answer: Fractals
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Including sections like "The Formation of a Complex" and "The Mirror of Tradition," this work notes the "growing influence of the doctrine of psycho-analysis within the last ten years." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1927 work, which claims to have "established that Freud's theories… follow closely the modifications in human nature" and was published a year after Crime and Custom in Savage Society.
Answer: Sex and Repression in Savage Society
[10] This anthropologist wrote Sex and Repression in Savage Society, along with Coral Gardens and Their Magic, Myth in Primitive Society, and the preface to Jomo Kenyatta's Facing Mount Kenya.
Answer: Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski
[10] Malinowski is perhaps best known for writing this 1922 work, which centers on the kulu exchange of the Trobiand Islanders.
Answer: Argonauts of the Western Pacific
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This Kurdish-born military figure succeeded his uncle Shirkuh as vizier of Egypt, and, after the death of Nur ad-Din, he declared himself the sultan. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this twelfth-century Ayyubid ruler.
Answer: Saladin ad-Din
[10] European leaders, including Richard I of England and Philip II of France, attempted to curb Saladin's power in this crusade. Despite a victory at Arsuf, Jerusalem remained under Saladin's control.
Answer: Third Crusade
[10] The Third Crusade was set off, in part, by this 1187 conflict between the Kingdom of Jerusalem, led by Guy of Lusignan, and Saladin's forces. In its aftermath, the Audita tremendi was issued by Pope Gregory VIII.
Answer: Battle of Hattin
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After its death, its slayer dipped his arrows into its blood in order to make them more deadly. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this creature that regenerated three heads every time one was cut off.
Answer: Lernaen Hydra
[10] Heracles slew the Lernaen Hydra with the help of this figure, who also shared a sacred jar of wine belonging to the centaurs with Heracles.
Answer: Pholus
[10] Hercules slayed the Hydra under orders from this cowardly ruler, who hid in a jar every time Hercules came back from completing a task.
Answer: Eurystheus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Schaffer-Bergman type of this phenomenon occurs via the interaction of sound and light in a crystal medium. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this process, which for X-rays is described by Bragg's Law. In general, it is the bending of waves around some obstacle.
Answer: Diffraction
[10] Diffraction through a circular aperture creates a central circle, known by this name, along with a series of concentric rings.
Answer: Airy Disc
[10] This number, the square of the aperture radius divided by the distance to the screen and the wavelength of light, determines whether Fraunhofer diffraction or the other major type of diffraction takes place.
Answer: Fresnel [fra-NELL] number
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Among his translations are those into French of The Bible of Amiens and Sesame and Lillies, two works by John Ruskin. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Painters and Pleasures and an unfinished novel which he attributed to the mysterious "C,"Jean Santeuil.
Answer: Marcel Proust
[10] Proust may be better known for writing about The Captive, Time Regained, and Swann's Way in this fourteen-year series about memories.
Answer: Remembrance of Things Past [or In Search of Lost Time; or A la recherche du temps perdu]
[10] Proust wrote a work titled "Contre" this literary critic of the Essays on Men and Women, Volupte, the poetry collection Les Consolations, and a history of the title Jansenist abbey in Port-Royal.
Answer: Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He was the first Congressman to serve for over 40 years, but his reputation was diminished by his pugnacious manner. For the stated points:,
[10] For 10, identify this `explosive' speaker of the House of Representatives, who held the post from 1903-1911.
Answer: Joseph Gurney Cannnon
[10] For 10, Cannon used his power to help pass this 1909 tariff, which may have been the key to President Taft's undoing in the 1912 election.
Answer: Payne-Aldrich Tariff
[10] For 5 points each, Taft was also hurt by the controversy between these two men: one the chief of the Forest Service, the other a Secretary of the Interior who opened public lands in Alaska for private development.
Answer: Gifford Pinchot and Richard Ballinger [either order, 5 points for each correct answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Give the Arabic names of the following Pillars of Islam, for 10 points each.,
[10] "There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his Prophet," is this pillar, the profession of faith, which is performed daily. A single honest recitation is all that is needed to become a Muslim.
Answer: shahada
[10] This pillar, whose name means "purify" or "foster", is the practice of alms-giving to the poor. The minimal level of wealth above which one must perform it is called the nisab.
Answer: zakah [or zakat]
[10] From dawn to sunset during Ramadan, Muslims are obliged to fast in accordance with this pillar. They often break the fast after sundown with the iftar meals.
Answer: sawm

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