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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Regionals Tossups by Amherst and South Carolina
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He served in the O.S.S. as the head of the Africa Section in the Research and Analysis branch.. His doctoral dissertation compared rule of a mandated area, French Togoland, with rule of a colony, Dahomey, and near the end of his life, he negotiated a settlement between Great Britain, Iran, and Bahrain. With John P. Davis, this man formed the National Negro Congress, and his book A World View of Race was a study of race relations in the United States. He was also the chief researcher for Gunnar Myrdal's book An American Dilemma. For 10 points name this American diplomat who came up with the Israel-Palestine partition plan.
Answer: Ralph Bunche
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His teacher Claude Gillot's interest in the commedia dell'arte and scenes d'opera were an important influence on this artist, whose depiction of Diana was an inspiration for Manet's Dejeuner Sur l'herbe. A clown during intermission is the subject of his Gilles, and he painted a wounded soldier in convalescence in Les Fatigues de la guerre. His Gersaint signboard shows an art dealer's shop, though more typical works include Do You Want to Succeed with Women? and The Pleasures of Love. A rococo artist known for his fetes galantes, this is, for 10 points, what painter best known for his depiction of pilgrims traveling to a mythical island, Embarkation to Cythera.
Answer: Antoine Watteau
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Robert Hall's imposition of it on the permanent income theory implies that consumption is a random walk, and this idea is a building block for the theory of "tax smoothing." John Maynard Keynes provided an early version of this theory by discussing the "waves of optimism and pessimism" that determine economic activities, and an example of this theory in practice is the fact that stock prices depend in part on what prospective buyers and sellers believe the price will be in the future. First proposed by John Muth, for 10 points, name this economic assumption which requires accounting for market actors' knowledge of policy when attempting to influence the economy.
Answer: rational expectations theory
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A famous ostinato from this work's first movement is quoted in the Intermezzo interotto of Bela Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra. The composer suggested employing a relief drummer for the 352 bar "little puppet-like tune" in the first movement, which features a C major theme later quoted in the tonic minor as a "requiem." The second movement begins with a fugue-like theme in the strings followed by a high variation on the theme played on an oboe. A march, repeated twelve times in eleven minutes, follows a theme said to represent the Nazi incursion into Russia. For 10 points, name this symphony by Dmitri Shostakovich named for a city.
Answer: Symphony No. 7 [or Leningrad Symphony; accept either; require "Shostakovich" before read]
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It is a special case of a conjecture that one half times the smallest integer less than the quantity seven plus the square root of 48 times the genus of an orientable space plus 1, close quantity, is equal to a certain number associated with the space. Originally known as Gurthrie's conjecture, a fallacious counter example was published as an April Fools day joke. This theorem showed that except in the case of the Klein bottle, the Heawood conjecture holds. Originally solved by reducing the problem to 1,936 cases that were checked by computer, for 10 points, identify this theorem, which states that any map in a plane can be filled in with a certain number of colors.
Answer: The Four-Color map Theorem
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Hippolytus referred to this man as "stump-fingered", and it has been speculated that he cut off his thumb to disqualify himself from Jewish priesthood. The Church in Egypt claims this man as its founder. The only reliable information on this man is in Philemon 24, in which he is mentioned as sending greetings to the Christians of Colossae, and the Apostolic Father Papias of Hierapolis stated that this man recorded the teachings of St. Peter. Identified as the man who fled naked at Jesus' arrest, for 10 points, name this patron saint of Venice and traditional author of the second Synoptic Gospel.
Answer: Saint Mark the Evangelist
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This author created the honest locksmith Gabriel Varden and a man who is killed in a duel, John Chester. In one novel by this author, a misplaced five-pound note is found in one character's hat, necessitating the aid of a mysterious "Single Gentleman" in order to escape his sentence of transportation. The malevolent dwarf Quilp and rakish attorney Sampson Brass fail to help Kit Nubbles reach Little Nell before she dies in that book. In an unfinished novel by him, Jack Jasper and Neville Landless are suspected of murder. For 10 points, name this atuhor of The Old Curiosity Shop, Barnaby Rudge, and The Mystery of Edwin Drood, plus David Copperfield.
Answer: Charles Dickens
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In one episode of this show, a man obnoxiously sings "Swing Low, Sweet Chariot" and claims he was persecuted for stealing Girl Scout cookies. In another episode from this past season, a boy known as LJ was kidnapped by a woman with the unlikely name of Susan B. Anthony. Its current storyline involves the search for five million dollars originally stolen by D.B. Cooper, and its pilot showed agents Hale and Kellerman attempting to shepherd the execution of a man convicted of killing the Vice President's brother. For 10 points, name this FOX show which started with Michael Scofield's plan to get Lincoln Burrows out of Fox River State Penitentiary.
Answer: Prison Break
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Concerns regarding this nation's Okavango Delta resulted in its neighbor's scuttling of plans to build a hydroelectric dam at Popavalle, and its border along the main channel of the Chobe River is in dispute. Although this country was the first African nation to experience a falling birthrate due to increased life expectancy, it suffers from a high AIDS rate, and it is bounded to the west and north by Namibia; Zambia and Zimbabwe to the northeast; and South Africa to the south. Formerly known as Bechuanaland and named for its predominant Setswana ethnic group, for 10 points, name this Southern African nation with capital at Gaborone.
Answer: Botswana
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A novel by this writer is often paired with his brother Clifford's Thorn Fruit, published in the same year, while his 1880 non-fiction work entitled The Science of English Verse reflects a strong interested in music, as in the tale of Lady Horn and other personified instruments, "The Symphony." This author of Tiger-Lilies wrote, "The Creeks overflow" and "a thousand rivulets run twixt the roots of the sod" in his "The Marshes of Glynn." For 10 points, name this Confederate veteran and Macon, Georgia native who made his living as a flautist but also claimed that he is "fain for to water the plain" in his poem "The Song of the Chattahoochee."
Answer: Sidney Lanier
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Its first public meeting was held at Storer College, and it was formed at the Erie Beach Hotel. Its Declaration of Principles listed seven duties for its members to follow. Its charter members included Monroe Trotter, the founder of the Boston Guardian, and John Hope, the first president of Spellman College. Following the 1908 Springfield race riot and the publication of William English Walling's article "Race War in the North," white liberals merged with this organization to found the NAACP. A reaction against Booker T. Washington and the Atlanta Compromise, for 10 points, name this movement led by W.E.B. DuBois that called for full equality for African-Americans.
Answer: Niagra Movement [accept reasonable equivalents that mention Niagra]
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Phillip Kearny became the first American to win the French Legion d'honneur due to his actions at this battle, serving in General Louis Morris' cavalry. Sixteen days after it, the Peace of Villafranco was signed. General Ludwig von Benedek's vigorous delaying action here prevented the destruction of the losing army, whose commander Franz von Gyulai was recently fired. Emperor Franz Josef and Napoleon III were among the rulers who participated in this battle, which led to the annexation of Lombardy by Sardinia-Piedmont. For 10 points name this last battle of the Second War of Italian Independence, whose bloodshed inspired Henri Dunant to form the International Red Cross.
Answer: Battle of Solferino
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He wrote The Axioms of Projective Geometry and The Axioms of Descriptive Geometry, and his study of symbolic reasoning's relation to algebra is discussed in his Treatise on Universal Algebra. He developed a complex technical structure called "the philosophy of the organism", and he believed that the universe consists entirely of becomings, discussing this view in Process and Reality. This author of Science and the Modern World and Adventures of Ideas collaborated with his Cambridge student on a three-volume work that failed to rigorously prove set theory. For 10 points, name this British philosopher who wrote Principia Mathematica with Bertrand Russell.
Answer: Alfred North Whitehead
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One term in the mathematical expression of this law includes a partial derivative with respect to time of a polarization, but in a vacuum, that term simplifies to the product of permittivity and the partial time derivative of the electric field. The integral and differential forms of it can be related with the Kelvin-Stokes theorem. It would not be affected by the existence of magnetic monopoles, unlike some other equations named for the man who also added that displacement current term to this law, James Maxwell. For 10 points, name this law which states that the line integral of the magnetic field around a closed loop is equal to the permeability times the enclosed current.
Answer: Ampere's Law or Ampere-Maxwell's law
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One character in this work is shown "how awful goodness is" after being caught "squat like a toad" near a woman's "organs of fancy." That character had earlier opened a palace built by Mulciber called Pandemonium and held a council including Belial and Mammon after floating on a burning lake for nine days. This poem's original ten books were revised to twelve, and an introductory note to its second edition states that it is written in "English heroic verse without rhyme." For 10 points, name this epic poem which begins: "Of Man's first disobedience, and the fruit of/ that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste/ brought death into the world," written by John Milton.
Answer: Paradise Lost
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In one of her novels, characters based on actual people include the alcoholic professor Wunsch and Dr. Howard Archie, and the novel opens in Moonstone, Colorado, where the mandolin player Spanish Johnny lives. A protagonist of this author is moved by a Julie Breton painting and has an epiphany at Panther Canyon. In addition to the story of aspiring opera star Thea Kronborg, this author wrote about Joseph Vaillaint's journey through the New Mexican desert with Jean Latour, and Carl Linstrum's love for Alexandra Bergson. For 10 points, name this writer of Song of the Lark, Death Comes For the Archbishop, and O Pioneers!
Answer: Willa Cather
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A derivative of this molecule serves as a cofactor for the methyl-malonyl-Coenzyme A mutase, and it is also needed for the action of the methyl-transferase that converts homocysteine to methionine. The inactivity of that enzyme leads to a thymine shortage, which is the cause of problems associated with deficiencies in this molecule. It can only be absorbed through cubulin receptors in the terminal ileum while bound to a product of parietal cells known as intrinsic factor. For 10 points, name this vitamin needed to prevent pernicious anemia, which is also called cyano-cobalamin thanks to its central cobalt atom.
Answer: Vitamin B12 [accept Cyanocobalamin before it's read; accept coenzyme B12]
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Paintings created during it are found in the caves of Ajanta, and its sculpture is in the temples of Ellora. Its lands were divided into provinces known as desa or bhukti, and were governed by kumaramatyas. The reign of its third ruler was detailed in the writings of the Chinese monk Fa Hsien, and the Iron Pillar of New Delhi was erected during it. Its capital was Pataliputra, and one of its greatest rulers, Samudra, conquered Nepal and was known to be a musician. For 10 points, name this dynasty in power from 320 to 550 CE, a Northern Indian lineage that was founded by Chandra.
Answer: Gupta Dynasty
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One named Nomia fell in love with Daphnis and blinded him for his infidelity, and Helios mated with one named Aegle to produce the Charites. Ones assigned to Hades were called Avernales, and a group in Bithynia lured Hylas into either death or everlasting bliss. Their subclasses included Crinaeae, Pegaeae, Eleionomae, Potameides, and Limnades, and Melite of the Aegaeus River had a liaison with Heracles that produced Hyllus. Located in bodies of freshwater, they were the counterparts of the Nereids and Oceanids. For 10 points, name this other group of mythological Greek water nymphs.
Answer: Naiads
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After using an early microscope to discover the "two germs," this man oversaw a three-step process which took four hundred years to produce yellow and red. His activities were exposed by the Mahdi in 1930, some millenia after this man and 59,999 of his followers were exiled by the King of Mecca to the island of Pelan in the Aegean. There, he used a process of "grafting" to selectively breed for evil over a 600-year period. The scripture Message to the Blackman in America by Wallace Fard describes this figure's corruption of the Original Man and creation of a race of devils. For 10 points, name this figure from Nation of Islam theology, the inventor of white people.
Answer: Doctor Yakub
2008 ACF Regionals Bonuses by Amherst and South Carolina
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Answer the following about a composer and his works for 10 points each.,
[10] The first version of this piece was called "Overture to a Lonely Isle" and was composed as a birthday present to the composer's father. Its main theme is in B minor, and it was originally published as "Fingal's Cave."
Answer: "Hebrides Overture"
[10] This early romantic composer of the "Hebrides Overture" also composed pieces such as the Italian Symphony and incidental music to A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Answer: Felix Mendelssohn
[10] Mendelssohn's 3rd symphony is given this nickname, as it was inspired by his trip to a place ruled by its dedicatee, Queen Victoria.
Answer: Scottish
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Answer the following about a neurological disorder, for 10 points each:,
[10] This disease's symptoms include uncontrollable and continuous trembling, torso stiffness, slowness of movement, and a decrease in general coordination.
Answer: Parkinson's disease
[10] The primary cause of muscle tremors associated with Parkinson's disease is a deficiency of this neurotransmitter, while an excess of it is linked to many of the symptoms in schizophrenia.
Answer: Dopamine
[10] The lack of dopamine can be attributed to the degeneration of neurons that normally produce it in this structure, which is one of the basal ganglia.
Answer: substantia nigra
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A college classmate of Thurgood Marshall's, and later an ardent Communist, he wrote poetry and stories about black workers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this creator of Jesse B. Simple who wrote "Montage of a Dream Deferred" and I Wonder as I Wander.
Answer: Langston Hughes
[10] This second poetry collection by Hughes included such poems as "Brass Spittoons" and "Red Silk Stockings;" it received poor reviews in the black press, who didn't appreciate its sort-of-bigoted title about pawnshops.
Answer: Fine Clothes to the Jew
[10] As cool as it is that Fine Clothes to the Jew was dedicated to Carl Van Vechten, I'd rather you tell me what Hughes poem features a "rock or a man that's dead" on Lenox Avenue "droning a drowsy syncopated tune."
Answer: "The Weary Blues"
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For 10 points each, name these football announcers.,
[10] This abrasive announcer, who started his career calling boxing matches, was part of the original Monday Night Football broadcast team.
Answer: Howard Cosell
[10] This former New York Giants kicker and partner of John Madden was the lead play-by-play man for CBS and later, FOX, and has called more Super Bowls than any other announcer.
Answer: Pat Summerall
[10] This man narrated highlight videos for NFL Films from 1965 until 1984, and his dramatic reading style earned him the nickname "The Voice of God."
Answer: John Facenda
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It was based on an actual strike in France that occurred in 1884. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel featuring the exploits of Etienne Lantier, a socialist laborer working in Montsou as a miner, who falls for his friend Maheu's daughter Catherine.
Answer: Germinal
[10] This author of Germinal is also notable for his attack on the French army concerning the Dreyfus affair, entitled J'accuse.
Answer: Emile Zola
[10] Published shortly after Germinal was this novel based on Zola's friendship with Paul Cezanne, describing the demise of painter Claude Lantier, who eventually hangs himself in front of the "unfinishable" title object.
Answer: L'Ĺ’uvre [or The Masterpiece]
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Answer the following about a Frankish king, for 10 points each.,
[10] This child of Louis the Pious had a national epithet and divided his lands between his sons Carloman, Louis the Younger, and Charles the Fat in 865 and 872.
Answer: Louis II [or Louis the German; prompt on Louis]
[10] Louis the German inherited his lands from Louis the Pious through this 843 treaty, which began the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire and was signed at the future location of a big World War I battle.
Answer: Verdun
[10] This man was crowned coemperor by Louis I in 817. The brother of Louis the German, this man was forced to sign the Treaty of Verdun after the battle of Fontenoy.
Answer: Lothair
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Answer the following about some works of art for 10 points each.,
[10] This mysterious painting by Giorgione includes scenes such as a stork on a rooftop in the right, and a man with a pike on the left. It centers on a woman breastfeeding a baby.
Answer: The Tempest [or La Tempesta]
[10] Giorgione is usually considered a teacher to this painter of Sacred and Profane Love and The Venus of Urbino.
Answer: Titian [or Tiziano Vecelli]
[10] A different version of The Tempest, also called Bride of the Wind, was a tribute to Alma Mahler by this member of the Vienna Secession.
Answer: Oscar Kokoschka
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Answer the following about people who have been discriminated against in East Asia, for 10 points each.,
[10] This group in Indian society includes those in many low caste Hindu groups and anyone who falls outside of the caste system and works in a "polluting" activity. They now enjoy protection in the Indian constitution.
Answer: Harijan [or untouchables; or Children of God; or Children of the God Hari Vishnu]
[10] Japanese for "hamlet people", this Japanese minority was the lowest level of Japan's traditional social system. They are pejoratively known as Eta or "pollution abounds."
Answer: Burakumin
[10] These indigenous people of Hokkaido, Sakhalin, and the Kuril Islands faced increased discrimination during the Meji Restoration. Much like the ACF leadership, they have profuse body hair and worship an animistic bear god.
Answer: Ainu
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Answer the following about radiation heat transfer, for 10 points each.,
[10] This type of abstract object is an ideal radiator, absorbing and emitting all types of electromagnetic radiation.
Answer: Blackbody
[10] This unitless quantity, often represented in thermodynamic models with a lowercase epsilon, represents a ratio of energy absorbed or emitted by radiation relative to that by a blackbody.
Answer: emissivity
[10] This approximation agreed with blackbody spectral measurements at short wavelengths but deviated from them at longer wavelengths.
Answer: Wien's Distribution Law or Approximation [DO NOT accept "Wien's Displacement Law"]
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Identify the following conservative leaders of European countries, for 10 points each.,
[10] This admiral organized resistance against Bela Kun's communist government of Hungary in 1919. He served as regent of Hungary during World War II and attempted to prop up the economy by counterfeiting French money.
Answer: Niklos Horthy
[10] This man led the Nationalists to victory over the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War. Although a fascist, he kept Spain neutral during World War II and served as leader of that country until his 1975 death.
Answer: Francisco Franco
[10] He was commander-in-chief of Finnish forces during the Winter War and Continuation War after serving as a leader of White forces in the Russian Civil War. His namesake line didn't keep the Soviets out of Finland.
Answer: Carl Gustaf Mannerheim
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Answer the following questions about dialogues in philosophy, for 10 points each.,
[10] One of the title characters tries to argue that sensible qualities must be ideal, while the other title character states that people perceive material objects directly, in this man's Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous.
Answer: George Berkeley
[10] This Italian philosopher's dialogues include "The Ash Wednesday Supper", On the Infinite Universe and Worlds, and The Expulsion of the Triumphant Beast. This monad proponent was burned alive by the Inquisition.
Answer: Giordano Bruno
[10] Like Martin Buber, this French existentialist formulated the dialogical "I/Thou" concept of the direct communion with reality. He wrote The Mystery of Being and The Existential Background of Human Dignity.
Answer: Gabriel Marcel
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Name some reactions from organic chemistry, for 10 points each:,
[10] This condensation reaction occurs between two aldehydes with alpha carbons to form the namesake compounds, beta hydroxy aldehydes.
Answer: aldol condensation or reaction
[10] This reaction, named for an American chemist, involves the conjugate addition of a nucleophilic enolate onto an alpha, beta unsaturated carbonyl compound.
Answer: Michael addition or reaction
[10] A British chemist discovered this namesake reaction, which combines an aldol condensation with Michael addition to form a two-ring system that typically contains a substituted cyclohexanone.
Answer: Robinson Annulation
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Answer the following about scandals involving Ohio politicians, for 10 points each.,
[10] This member of Warren Harding's Ohio Gang was convicted of bribery for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal during his stint as Secretary of the Interior.
Answer: Albert Fall
[10] This organization was exposed by Secretary of the Treasury Benjamin Bristow, and President Grant's private secretary Orville Babcock was indicted in this conspiracy to bribe internal revenue officials.
Answer: Whiskey Ring
[10] Despite the fact that James Garfield was implicated for receiving 329 dollars from Credit Mobilier, that President did order an investigation of this affair involving bribes for important mail delivery contracts.
Answer: Star Route Scandal
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For ten points each, answer the following about a materials concept.,
[10] This scale of mineral hardness ranges from talc at 1 to diamond at 10, with corundum in there at 9.
Answer: Mohs scale
[10] Mohs' scale actually measures this form of hardness, as opposed to indentation or rebound, which can be measured with a sclerometer.
Answer: scratch
[10] This test of indentation hardness has a wide scale and reports hardness as its namesake pyramid numbers, since a pyramid shape is used to investigate the material's hardness.
Answer: Vickers test or scale
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Answer the following about linguistics, for 10 points each.,
[10] Influenced by the work of Vilem Mathesius, Nikolay Trubetskoy, and Roman Jakobson, this school of linguistics combines structuralism and formalism and defines phonemes nonminimally as sets of distinctive features.
Answer: Prague School
[10] This Swiss linguist's book Course in General Linguistics laid the foundation for structural linguistics. This man's structuralism is defined by the dichotomies of langue versus parole and form versus substance.
Answer: Ferdinand de Saussure
[10] Benjamin Whorf's misguided hypothesis about language determining thought was based on his comical misunderstanding of this Native American language, such as the false belief that it does not have tense markers.
Answer: Hopi
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Name the following about some Mesoamerican myths, for 10 points each.,
[10] A chief source for Mayan mythology is this document, which was written in Quiche and translated into Spanish by the priest Francisco Jimenez.
Answer: Popol Vuh
[10] This is the term refers to the guardian spirits that Mesoamerican Indians believed resided in animals such as jaguars and birds. The first creature to cross over the ashes spread before a newborn became this.
Answer: nagual [or nahual]
[10] The Aztecs drowned children as a sacrifice to this god. Represented with large eyes and long fangs, his features are similar to the Mayan rain god Chac.
Answer: Tlaloc
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Answer the following about Asian revolutions and rebellions that incorporated certain colors, for 10 points each.,
[10] Yellow banners were the symbol of the Philippines' People Power revolution in which the corrupt regime of Ferdinand Marcos was toppled by supporters of this woman, whose husband Benigno was assassinated.
Answer: Corazon "Cori" Aquino
[10] In this uprising of 184 to 204 CE, Chang Chue directed a revolt against eunuchs who dominated the Han Dynasty. The revolt's color came from Chang's idea that the "blue heaven" would change to a new color.
Answer: Yellow Turban Rebellion
[10] This was the name given to Reza Shah Pahlavi's 1963 reform program for Iran. It included increased rights for women, inverstment in literacy and health programs, and land redistribution to 2.5 million families.
Answer: White Revolution
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Name these plays by Lillian Hellman, for 10 points each.,
[10] Mary Tilford runs away from school and accuses two headmistresses of having a lesbian affair in this play.
Answer: The Children's Hour
[10] Two lonely spinsters miss their recently married younger brother, Julian Berniers, when he returns with his bride and a mysterious pile of money in this play.
Answer: Toys in the Attic
[10] Followed by the sequel Another Part of the Forest, this is the tale of the greedy Hubbard family's attempts to cheat each other out of land.
Answer: The Little Foxes
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Answer the following about Italian literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] This collection of a bunch of stories told over ten days has a lot about Italian people and places. It's by Boccaccio.
Answer: The Decameron
[10] This Italian guy wrote a book about some Sicilian guys who weren't so happy about Garibaldi, like Don Fabrizio Corbera. If The Leopard isn't Italian enough for you, then you can call it Il Gattopardo.
Answer: Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa [either underlined word is fine]
[10] Don Rodrigo tries to break up Lucia and Lorenzo to win a bet in this 1827 Italian novel by Manzoni.
Answer: The Betrothed [or I Promessi Sposi]
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Its name is taken from an incident before it started in which Falke was left drunk, dressed as a bat in the middle of town. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera in which Eisenstein is sentenced to jail but goes to Prince Orlovsky's ball in the meantime. Hilarity ensues as people pretend to be other people, but eventually Eisenstein and his wife Rosalinde reconcile.
Answer: Die Fledermaus
[10] This composer wrote Die Fledermaus, as well as The Gypsy Baron, A Night in Venice, and Tales from the Vienna Wood.
Answer: Johann Straus II [accept Jr. or 'the Younger' instead of the II]
[10] Johan Strauss Jr. is best known for this waltz, depicting a major river of eastern Europe.
Answer: On/At the Beautiful Blue Danube [or An der schonen blauen Donau]
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Answer the following about the split of the Muslim faith, for 10 points each.,
[10] This is Islamic term for a heretical uprising. It specifically refers to the struggle within the Muslim community that lead to the split between the Shi'ites and Sunnites.
Answer: Fitnah
[10] The cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the question regarding his right to the caliphate lead to the split. He was the first imam of Shi'ism.
Answer: Ali
[10] The third caliph to rule after the death of Muhammad, he centralized the administration of the caliphate and established an official version of the Koran. His death marked the beginning of the Fitnah.
Answer: Uthman

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