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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by VCU
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The giant waringin tree is sacred to inhabitants of this province. Klungklung was the seat of its native rulers until 1908. This province's highest point is the volcanic mountain Agung, which contains the mother temple of Pura Besakih. This province's major towns include Singaraja and the provincial capital of Denpasar. The temple Panataram Sasih of Pedjeng houses a bronze drum known as the moon of this region. In Hindu myth, a demon king of this name is sent to rule the underworld after he is stepped on by the avatar Vamana. This province was also the site of investigations that used "thick description" into a form of deep play centering on cockfighting. For 10 points, name this island located within the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia and east of Java, the site of terrorist bombings in 2002.
Answer: Bali
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The printing press was introduced to this country by a learned king who issued a law code that prescribed blood payment as the penalty for every offense, Vakhtang VI of the Mukhranian dynasty. This country resisted the Mongols under the leadership of a king nicknamed ``the Brilliant'' after earlier rebelling against Persia under the leadership of Gorgasal and being Christianized by St. Nino. During its time as a client state of Byzantium, this country was ruled by the ``kuropalates'' or ``guardian of the palace,'' a title which Ashot the Great held before founding the independent Bagratid dynasty here. This country's current capital was incorporated into the state during the campaigns of David the Builder, and many of its lands were later conquered by Queen Tamar. For 10 points, name this state whose ``Rose Revolution'' elevated Mikhail Saakasvilli to power over Eduard Shevardnadze, and which was reconquered for the USSR by native son Joseph Stalin.
Answer: Georgia [or Sak'art'velo]
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According to the Stokes-Einstein relation, the Brownian diffusion of a particle under the influence of a chemical potential gradient is directly proportional to both temperature and this other value. The Kelvin scale is derived by multiplying the fundamental temperature by this value, and in the Eyring equation, it is divided by Planck's constant. The average kinetic energy of a gas is equal to 3/2 times temperature times this value. It multiplies the natural log of the microcanonical partition function to yield the entropy in an equation inscribed on its namesake's tombstone. For 10 points, name this constant that equals the gas constant divided by Avogadro's constant, often symbolized k.
Answer: Boltzmann's constant
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He defended the utility of art and criticized the standard method of teaching the classics in his Education, Intellectual, Moral, and Physical. He debated Frederic Harrison in a series of articles later collected as The Nature and Reality of Religion and, in another work, argued that the uniformity of law depended on what he termed "the persistence of force." He argued that basic rights are natural in the sense that they give value to "customs" in a chapter called "The Great Political Superstition." That chapter was found in The Man Versus the State which was written after his First Principles laid out the basic foundations of his philosophical project including his "Development hypothesis." This man argued for universal suffrage in his first major work subtitled "The Conditions essential to Happiness specified, and the First of them Developed." That work was one of the first to apply the theories of Lamarck to society. For 10 points, identify this author of 1851's Social Statics, a British philosopher best known for coining the expression "survival of the fittest."
Answer: Herbert Spencer
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One character in this novel uses the callous Irishman Banister to do his bidding, while another issues "a thousand sighs" before beheading a pregnant woman. The protagonist swears revenge against Byam after he is betrayed, despite Colonel Martin's attempts to convince him to let it go. Characters like the Widow Lacklit and the Wheldon sisters were added to an adaptation by Thomas Southerne. This novel's first part takes place in Coromantien, where the protagonist's grandfather tries to steal his wife. The protagonist is nicknamed "Caesar" by the kindly Trefry, but the novel ends tragically when his ears, nose, and arms are cut off after he kills his wife Imoinda, seeks bloody revenge, and is betrayed by Governor of Surinam. For 10 points, name this novel about a ``royal slave,'' a work of Aphra Behn.
Answer: Oroonoko: Or the Royal Slave, A True History
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The tyrosine kinase Lck can become complexed to these molecules and triggers the phosphorylation of the serine specific protein kinase Raf-1. One class of these molecules functions as a mannose-6-phosphate receptor, and another is a polio virus receptor. Binding class 14 of these molecules may promote neural survival in Alzheimer's disease by reducing microglial activation. TCR signaling can be used to regulate the synthesis of these molecules, which are classified based on their recognition by and reactivity with specific monoclonal antibodies. A ratio of class 4 of these molecules to class 8 of these molecules helps track the progression of infection by HIV, as HIV's gp120 interacts with class 4 of these molecules to enter helper T cells. For 10 points, name these membrane bound glycoproteins, whose class 4 and class 8 recognize MHC antigens presented to helper and cytoxic T-cells, respectively.
Answer: CD antigens [or cluster of differentiation antigens; accept CD4 or similar answers]
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This group sold bonds which were stamped as redeemable ``six months after'' a hypothetical event happened. Members of this group who were excluded from a prisoner exchange deal were the target of the Catalpa Rescue. Australian provincial governor Henry Parkes was convinced of a massive conspiracy by this group down under, taking as evidence the shooting of Prince Alfred during a visit to Sydney by a man falsely believed to belong to this organization. Founded by John Mahoney in 1858, this group was eventually absorbed into Clan Na Gael after its raids into Canada failed to provoke the intended Anglo-American war. For 10 points, name this secret society of Irish independence activists, named for a legendary band of warriors.
Answer: the Finneans [or the Finnean Brotherhood/Movement, etc.]
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It is blamed for influencing 2Pac to to go crazy in the song ``So Many Tears,'' and Numskull admits that it ``straight had me'' in the Luniz song ``I Got 5 on It.'' In the title of a track featuring Lady of Rage, Daz Dillinger, and Kurupt, its ingestion is paired with ``Puffin' on Blunts.'' In ``Gotta Get Some Lovin','' Too $hort plans on getting an 18 year old girl to ``fuck today'' after he gets her drunk on a mix of Hennessy and this, while 50 Cent notes that he ``don't need shit'' such as this drink and Alize because he stays high all the time. The titular liquor of a DJ Quik ode in which he notes that its ``little green bottle got you outta ya mind,'' Dr. Dre comes through with a ``gang'' of it in the Snoop Dogg classic, ``Gin and Juice.'' For 10 points, name this rival of Seagrams and Beefeater, a British brand of high-end gin.
Answer: Tanqueray [prompt on gin]
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This author denounced V. S. Naipaul for identifying with wealthy, modernized countries, and contrasted him with Narayan's interest in the people of Malgudi in his essay "Today, a Balance of Stories." He described a boy ashamed of writing about the harmattan in an essay about the function of the author, "The Novelist as Teacher." This author wrote that "art for art's sake is just another piece of deodorized dog-shit" and argued that Armah's novel The Beautyful Ones are Not Yet Born ignores the sickness of Ghana for the sickness of the modern world in "Africa and Her Writers." This founding editor of the literary magazine Okike wrote a novel in which Odo prostitutes his daughter Edna for money paid by Nanga, who maneuvers to win an election over Odili Samalu. The protagonist of another of his novels wins a scholarship from the UPU before returning to Lagos and taking bribes to pay for the abortion of his girlfriend Clara. For 10 points, name this author of A Man of the People, who wrote about Obi Okonkwo in No Longer at Ease, the sequel to his novel Things Fall Apart.
Answer: Chinua Achebe
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At this work's first performance, confusion resulted when groups of performers were positioned in different galleries where they could not see each other. The text used for this work had been previously set to music in 1660 by Henry Lawes. Its composer stated, ``I have read my Bible very well and shall choose for myself'' in response to the bishops' wish to assign him texts. Its middle section features the chorus repeating ``Rejoice'' over a dotted rhythm in the orchestra, and its opening section features the line ``Nathan the Prophet anointed Solomon king''. It was followed by Let Thy Hand Be Strengthened, The King Shall Rejoice, and My Heart is Inditing in the composer's set of four Coronation Anthems for George II. For 10 points, name this Handel work named for a servant of King David.
Answer: Zadok the Priest [accept any of the other anthems if someone actually buzzes on the first clue]
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It was preceded by the less influential Formicaris of John Nider and its claims were partially upheld in Ulrich Molitoris' De Lamiis even though it fraudulently claimed endorsement from the University of Cologne. The Summis desiderantes affectibus, by Letters Apostolic, ordered Albrecht von Bayern, Bishop of Strasburg, to aid this work's authors as they traveled through Salzburg, Bremen, and Northern Germany. Its first part delineates a certain heresy, while its second part contains a compendium of fabulous stories. The third and final part deals with legal procedures, and the work contains as its preface a Bull of Pope Innocent VIII. For 10 points, name this theological document that was codified from Alpine peasant folklore and produced by the Dominicans Johann Sprenger and Heinrich Kraemer, which served as a handbook for aiding Christians in preventing sorceresses from living.
Answer: Malleus Maleficarum [or ``The Hammer of Witches'']
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The ``Amesbury Archer'' is a possible king of these people, and the bronze swords found in the bogs near this group's population centers may be a basis for Arthurian myth. This group was the first in Britain to abandon communal burial mounds in favor of individual graves, and they also brought barley and other cereals to the island. Their namesake objects were often decorated with horizontal rows of fine-toothed stamps, and this group had extensive context with the Battle-Axe culture. For 10 points, name this neolithic group though to have had a hand in adding to a site started by the preceding megalith-builders, Stonehenge.
Answer: The Bell Beaker people/folk/culture, etc
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This work features an atheist doctor who procures numerous books, including Amadis of Gaul, in an attempt to liberate the mind of a future curator of the Vatican Library. At one point in this novel, a family celebrates the Feast of Saint Ambrose, which is presided over by the de facto head of the household Dominga de Adviento. Later chapters include the escape of the insane Martina Laborde, and the recitation of Garcilaso de la Vega's sonnets in a cell. It is prefaced by a quote from Aquinas's ``On the Integrity of Resurrected Bodies,'' and a note by the author that details his inspection of a 200 year old tomb in Cartagena that revealed a corpse with still growing hair. It opens with the twelve year old daughter of the Marquis de Casalduero, a mulatto girl raised by slaves, being bitten by a rabid dog and subsequently sent to the Convent of Santa Clara. It ends with her dying after the secret passage, which once allowed her betrothed to visit, is closed. For 10 points, identify this novel about the relationship between a young girl thought to be possessed, Sierva Maria, and the priest, Cayetano de Laura, who is sent to help, but falls for her, a work by Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
Answer: Of Love and Other Demons or Del Amor y Otros Demonios
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An algorithm of this type, developed by Matsumoto and Nishimura, failed the TestU01 Crush but passed the Diehard Tests for them. One of the best algorithms of this type hinges on the difficulty of solving the quadratic residuosity problem, and, like RSA, involves the product of two large prime numbers, the Blum Blum Shub algorithm. Another of these algorithms, which generally strive to prevent backtracking, was developed for the ENIAC by Johnny von Neummann and operated by taking a subsection of a squared number and then feeding the result back into the algorithm. Besides the middle-square method, another example is the Mersenne Twister, and they are often necessary for providing input to Monte Carlo algorithms. Often accepting a seed, for 10 points, name these algorithms which strive to produce numbers without patterns.
Answer: Pseudo Random Number Generators [or Pseudo RNGs]
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This book's seventh chapter discusses the names that humans give animals and concludes that birds are "metaphorical human beings" and that racehorses are "metaphorical inhuman beings." Its final chapter accuses Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason of ignoring the wealth of beliefs and customs of less modern cultures. This book argues that the mental lives of those cultures is shaped by precise and subtle distinctions in its second chapter, "The Logic of Totemic Classifications." It describes the deep and vivid knowledge of plant life among native peoples in its first chapter, "The Science of the Concrete," which compares the title entity to the mental state of the bricoleur. Published alongside its author's book Totemism in 1962, for 10 points, name this book about the intelligence of primitive societies, written by Claude Levi-Strauss.
Answer: The Savage Mind [or La Pensee Sauvage]
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The king universally considered the greatest of this state was responsible for defeating the Gajapatis of Orissa and adding the Raichur Doab to this empire's territory. That king was given a glowing review by the Portuguese travel writer Domingo Paes, who wrote about this state. This state was ruled by the Saluva and Tuluva dynasties after its initial founding by the house of Sangama, including its first kings Bukka and Harihara. This polity's namesake capital was destroyed after its leader Rama Raya was killed by a four-sultan alliance during the Battle of Talikota. That began its final decline, during which it was ruled by Tirumala from the city of Penukonda. Ethnic Kannadas and Tamils were second-class citizens in this state, which was ruled by Telugus, and incorporated the preceeding Hoysala empire into its Hindu bulwark against the Muslim sultanates of the north. For 10 points, name this empire which ruled from modern-day Andhra Pradesh in the fourteenth through seventeenth centuries.
Answer: Vijayanagar
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One of the men in this work holds a list in his left hand and sits beside another gentleman who is standing in front of a broadsheet that bears the artist's signature and the date of its composition. Painted during the artist's time at Uylenburgh's workshop, it depicts an event that took place on January 31 of the same year that another figure in this work was punished for committing armed robbery. Its namesake was well known in his time for publishing a work describing the then unknown symptoms of Beri-Beri. That subject is surrounded by a group of black-clad onlookers, wears a large floppy hat, and holds a pair of forceps over the flayed arm of a man stretched out on a table. For 10 points, identify this 1632 work commissioned by the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons, a work by Rembrandt.
Answer: The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Nicolaes Tulp
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In order to make this deity descend from the heavens, two deities had a contest to determine who could see the furthest. In the end, it was Kadru who won the contest, but it was Suparni and her children, especially Jagati, who returned with this entity. This deity's many incarnations include a bird, a celestial bull, and even an embryo. According to one story this deity was married to the Nakshatras, the twenty-seven daughters of Daksha, and his punishment for favoring one of them over another explains the waxing and waning of the moon. The subject of an entire book of the Rig Veda, summoning this deity's most famous form involved the use of a stone mill to pound long plant stalks to extract the juice, which was subsequently mixed with milk and consumed by such figures as Agni and Indra. For 10 points, identify this mythological entity, a god of poetry and the moon, whose essence was consumed as a namesake drink of the gods.
Answer: Soma
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The range of problems capable of being addressed using this theory was expanded by Lighthill's and Langer's methods. The Lindstedt-Poincare method yields approximate solutions to nonlinear differential equations using this theory. Moller and Plesset applied it to obtain the correlation error produced by Hartree-Fock theory. Prandtl applied this theory to solve boundary layer problems dealing with the flow of low velocity fluids over solid objects. Like Rayleigh-Ritz and WKB, it can be used to approximate eigenenergies. For 10 points, name this theory that, when applied to quantum mechanical systems, starts from solutions to the Schrodinger's equation and approximates the effect of small additional forces on the eigenenergies and wavefunction.
Answer: perturbation theory
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One character wonders how long people in a covered wagon have been waiting after he spots them while on a ferry ride. The whiskey-drinking Ralph slams his head against a house after calling his brother at two in the morning in this work. The protagonist recounts his parents singing ``Swing Low, Sweet Chariot'' and other episodes from his childhood in three sections from this novel, which is written entirely in italics. One section observes that a certain creature "has got more god in him" than the priest Jackson will ever see while musing on a butterfly. This novel opens with a prologue describing a balmy evening of its Tennessee setting, entitled "Knoxville: Summer, 1915." Walter Starr invites the protagonist to listen to his gramophone and Mary tries to explain to Catherine and Rufus that their father is never coming back in this work. For 10 points, name this novel in which a car accident kills Jay Follet, a work of James Agee.
Answer: A Death in the Family
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Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy was appointed as papal legate and spiritual leader immediately following this event. Guibert de Nogent provided one of two extant eye-witness accounts of this event, while most accounts are based on the Gesta Francorum. Decrees passed during it were recorded in the Liber Lamberti and include a reaffirmation of the ``Truce of God.'' Due to an adulterous relationship with Bertrade de Montfort, Countess of Anjou, Philip I was excommunicated at this church council, which was preceded by the council of Placentia. A few months after it, forces began to rally around the monk Gottschalk, Walter the Pennnyless, and Count Raymond of Toulouse. Initiated due to the pleas of ambassadors sent by Alexios I Komnenos, for 10 points, name this Church council in which Peter the Hermit was in attendance and Pope Urban II called for the First Crusade.
Answer: Council of Clermont
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This man's probing of the medicinal value of the health resort at Bath led him to write the fascinating ``An Essay on the External Use of Water.'' A character modeled after this man appears at the grand portico of the Pantheon and proclaims that ``Tis nothing but a huge cock-pit,'' and is reported to have used the Venus of Medicis ``worse than a common strumpet,'' in Sterne's A Sentimental Journey. Sterne's work was a response to this man's Travels Through France and Italy. He borrowed from Juvenal for his verse satires Advice and Reproof. A haberdasher gets a lesson about ancient Japan from an omniscient particle in his The History and Adventures of an Atom. For 10 points, name this author of picaresque novels concerning the adventures of individuals such as Sir Launcelot Greaves, Ferdinand, Count Fathom, Peregrine Pickle, Humphrey Clinker, and Roderick Random.
Answer: Tobias Smollett
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This scientist's namesake rule for nucleation from a vapor states that nucleation of the metastable phase is preferred to the direct transformation to the stable phase near the transition temperature and at high supersaturation. The Kelvin equation gives the increased solubility of a substance bounded by a curved interface that produces his eponymous ripening in foams and solid dispersions. With de Izaguirre, this scientist developed a composite isotherm for the adsorption of components of a solution. The square of the degree of dissociation time the electrolyte concentration equals a constant according to his dilution law, which only holds for weak electrolytes. A process developed by this scientist, which replaced the Birdeland-Eyde process, employs a platinum-rhodium alloy catalyst to oxidize ammonia to a tri-atomic gas that is subsequently passed through water. For 10 points, name this Latvian-born German scientist, who developed a namesake process for the synthesis of nitric acid.
Answer: Wilhelm Ostwald
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This work discusses the engineering aesthetic, which the author claims is inspired by the law of economy and governed by mathematical calculation to achieve harmony. The author claims that thoughtless Popes destroyed Michelangelo's works through their additions, and that Rome has turned into a picturesque bazaar. The author of this work further asserts that the airplane is the product of closed selection and that styles are a lie in a section entitled "Eyes Which Do Not See." The titular concept is described as going ``beyond utilitarian needs,'' and the author describes the development of a structure he believes will instill a spirit of constructing, living in, and conceiving mass produced houses, or what he terms a "House Machine." For 10 points, name this collection of essays setting out a novel approach to designing buildings, a work by Le Corbusier.
Answer: Towards a New Architecture [or Vers une architecture]
 
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by VCU
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During this conflict, the Prince de Conde captured the province of Franche-Comte in the Spanish Netherlands, but this territory was subsequently returned to Spain. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this conflict between France and Spain in which Louis XIV sought to take possession of the Spanish Netherlands upon the death of the Philip IV of Spain.
Answer: War of Devolution
[10] The War of Devolution arose because this wife of Louis XIV, being a daughter produced by the first marriage of Philip IV, had a customary claim to the Spanish Netherlands over her step brother Charles II.
Answer: Marie-Therese
[10] The War of Devolution ended when Louis XIV and this Holy Roman Emperor decided to divide the Spanish Netherlands between themselves at Aix-la-Chapelle.
Answer: Leopold I
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Answer the following about a weather phenomenon, for 10 points each.,
[10] Thought to be produced by the same phenomenon that generates the Southern Oscillation, this phenomenon unusually sees warm ocean conditions arise along South America's west coast every few years.
Answer: El Nino
[10] This tropical oscillation was discovered by two scientists in 1971 using data taken at Canton and Singapore. Also known as the 40-50 day oscillation or the 30-60 day oscillation, it originates in the Indian Ocean and is characterized by a spectral peak in lower stratospheric winds.
Answer: Madden-Julian Oscillation [or MJO]
[10] Zonal wind oscillations of the upper troposphere often resemble the thermally forced type of this internal gravity wave. Their equatorial variety propagates eastward in the Northern hemisphere, and they are often indicative of the onset of El Nino.
Answer: Kelvin waves
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He led the riot at the wedding of Pirithous and Hippodamia. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this centaur who later attempted to rape Mnesimache, a princess of Olenus, but was killed by Heracles.
Answer: Eurytion
[10] This centaur entertained Heracles during his pursuit of the Erymanthian Boar. He was killed after he dropped an arrow poisoned with Hydra blood on his foot.
Answer: Pholus
[10] This was the centaur who proved to be Heracles' downfall. As he died, he told Deianira to smear a tunic in his poisoned blood and give it to Heracles whenever she felt his love might ebb.
Answer: Nessus
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The narrator of this poem is ``twenty-two, colored, born in Winston-Salem'' and likes ``records-Bessie, bop, or Bach.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem that opens with the instructor saying ``Go home and write a page tonight.''
Answer: ``Theme for English B''
[10] This poet of ``Harlem,'' ``The Negro Speaks of Rivers'' and ``The Weary Blues'' wrote ``Theme for English B.''
Answer: James Mercer Langston Hughes
[10] In this Hughes poem, one character says ``Don't you set down on the steps 'Cause you finds it's kinder hard'' and claims that ``Life for me ain't been no crystal stair.''
Answer: ``Mother to Son''
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A bunch of gravestones are seen below a small collection of houses and a mountain range topped with intricate cloud formations divides the image. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this black and white photograph whose top half is completely composed of the night sky.
Answer: Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico
[10] Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico was taken by this San Francisco born photographer famed for his depictions of Yosemite Park.
Answer: Ansel Easton Adams
[10] Adams photographed a sunrise at this Yosemite formation, a 3,000 foot granite monolith popular with rock climbers.
Answer: El Capitan
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The central figure of this story sees a mysterious hoodlum spraypainting the title phrase on a wall near the end, before getting on a bus and leaving town forever. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this graphic novel, which follows the recent high school grads Enid Coleslaw and her best friend Becky as they amble about their hometown. The movie version features Steve Buschemi in a role, expanded greatly from the source, as record collector Seymour.
Answer: Ghost World.
[10] This man wrote Ghost World as well as Art School Confidential, Like a Velvet Glove Cast in Iron, and, more recently, Ice Haven.
Answer: Daniel Clowes
[10] Rumored to be making Master of Space and Time with Clowes, this Frenchman also directed Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind, The Science of Sleep, and Dave Chappelle's Block Party, as well as numerous music videos.
Answer: Michel Gondry
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This founder of the Saguaro Seminar promoted civic engagement in Making Democracy Work. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Harvard professor of public policy whose other works include Democracies in Flux and Better Together.
Answer: Robert Putnam
[10] This Putnam work argues that the modern disconnects of American society cause people to spend more time by themselves and less time accumulating "social capital" by joining groups or leagues.
Answer: Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community
[10] Claude Fischer criticized Bowling Alone for ignoring opposing data, much like he criticized the vast oversimplifcations of this book by Herrnstein and Murray, which purported to explain hereditary differences in the intelligence of various races.
Answer: The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life
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She was part of a 274 A.D. triumphal procession following the destruction of her city and she spent the latter portion or her life married to a senator from Tibur. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this widow of Odaenathus, who appointed herself queen of Palmyra while acting as regent for her son Vaballathus and seized Egypt and much of Asia Minor from the Romans.
Answer: Septimia Zenobia [or Znwbya Bat Zabbai]
[10] Zenobia's armies were defeated at Antioch and Emesa by this Roman Emperor, who laid siege to Palmyra and placed Zenobia in his triumphal procession.
Answer: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus
[10] Odaenathus of Palmyra was a central figure of this period of Roman history that roughly corresponded to the reign of Aurelian's predecessor Gallienus and saw numerous provincial generals declared emperors
Answer: The Age of the Thirty Tyrants
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Name these thermodynamic cycles, for 10 points each.,
[10] This cycle consists of an isothermal expansion, an adiabatic expansion, an isothermal compression, and an adiabatic compression. Its namesake designed a four stroke internal combustion engine based on this cycle.
Answer: Otto cycle
[10] Consisting of isentropic compression, constant-pressure heat addition, isentropic expansion, and constant-pressure heat rejection, this ideal vapor power cycle is sometimes referred to as a more practical Carnot cycle. Its namesake also names an absolute temperature scale equal to the Fahrenheit temperature minus 459.67 degrees.
Answer: Rankine cycle
[10] This cycle, which possesses an efficiency approaching that of the Carnot cycle, is often applied to solar power systems and consists of isothermal compression, isochoric heating, isothermal expansion, and isochoric cooling.
Answer: Stirling cycle
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In this novel, Hanako Kaneda is known as ``The Nose'' and considers marrying her daughter Tomiko off to the dyspeptic schoolteacher Sensei Kushami. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel which ends with its narrator saying a prayer to Buddha as he drowns in a barrel of water.
Answer: I Am a Cat [or Wagahai wa Neko de aru]
[10] I Am a Cat was written by this Japanese author of Botchan, The Miner, and The Three-Cornered World.
Answer: Natsume Soseki [or Natsume Kinnosuke]
[10] In this Soseki novel, a university student befriends a sensei who tells of how his friend K committed suicide after they both fell in love with his landlady's daughter.
Answer: Kokoro
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They were attacked and condemned by William Courtenay in the "Earthquake Synod," for 10 points each:,
[10] This group who believed in evangelical poverty and were led by John Wycliffe.
Answer: Lollards
[10] This publication represents the most complete statement of the Lollard creed, it denied transubstantiation and was presented to Parliament in 1395.
Answer: The Twelve Conclusions or the Conclusions
[10] This Lollard martyr, who may have served as the basis for Shakespeare's Falstaff, was executed by hanging over a slow fire.
Answer: John Oldcastle
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Its namesake ``priority'' solves the synoptic problem by asserting that it was a source for the other two synoptic gospels. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this second and shortest gospel.
Answer: Gospel of Mark
[10] The two source hypothesis postulates that the Gospel of Mark and this document, which takes its one letter name from the German word for source, were the basis for the other two gospels.
Answer: Q Document
[10] This hypothesis takes its name from a famous developer and disregards any non extant sources. It holds that Mark was derived from Matthew and that both were used as sources for Luke.
Answer: Augustinian Hypothesis
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It consists of three island groups that contain Sao Miguel, Terceira, and Corvo. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this autonomous archipelago 875 miles west of Cape Roca, that is located on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
Answer: Azores [or Arquipelago Dos Acores]
[10] This other archipelago consists of the Fox Islands, the Islands of the Four Mountains, and Commander Island. Its Unalaska Island was the site of a U.S. Coast Guard fleet in charge of patrolling the Pribilof Island sea grounds.
Answer: Aleutian Islands
[10] This island nation, located southwest of Sri Lanka consists of approximately 1,200 coral islands and atolls.
Answer: Maldives
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It features a swinging scene initiated by an elderly gentleman, for 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1964 work that focuses on Randall's decision to leave the title figure, his dull wife Ann, for someone more exotic.
Answer: An Unofficial Rose
[10] This 1954 work tells the story of a drifter who makes films, steals dogs, and eventually becomes a hospital orderly. Its title refers to Jake Donaghue's assertions that he is free and is thus able to avoid the title object.
Answer: Under the Net
[10] Both An Unofficial Rose and Under the Net were written by this Irish born novelist perhaps best known for the booker prize winning The Sea, the Sea.
Answer: Iris Murdoch
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Answer the following questions related to diffraction, for 10 points each.,
[10] This theory of diffraction holds for the angular spread of light as it leaves an aperture and lands on a screen a large distance away. It is alternately known as far-field diffraction.
Answer: Fraunhofer diffraction
[10] When this value is significantly less than unity, the Fraunhofer diffraction integral can be applied to the region under investigation.
Answer: Fresnel number
[10] According to this formulation, two images can be resolved if the central maximum in the diffraction pattern of one image corresponds to the first minimum in the diffraction pattern of the other image.
Answer: Rayleigh criterion
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It was inspired by a passage of Vergil's Georgics, which describes the formation of a large river from a rivulet, and the composer's Agnus Dei was later set to this piece. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Samuel Barber work that was originally intended as the second movement of a string quartet, but was rearranged for string orchestra.
Answer: Adagio for Strings
[10] This Barber choral work draws inspiration from the existential utterances of the titular theological philosopher.
Answer: Prayers of Kierkegaard
[10] Reworked from the ballet score originally produced for Martha Graham, this Barber work opens with sustained pianissimo harmonics in the violin coupled with interjections by the xylophone which depict the titular dance.
Answer: Medea's Meditation and Dance of Vengeance
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The poem's titular action is taken ``in the eternal circumstance of a shipwreck's depth'' and the speaker notes that ``All Thought expresses'' the titular action. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this visual poem in which the titular phrase appears disjointed within the work amidst large portions of white space and fragmented free verse set in a variety of typefaces.
Answer: ``A Throw of the Dice Will Never Eliminate Chance'' [or ``Un Coup de des jamais n'abolira le hazard;'' or ``A Throw of the Dice Will Never Abolish Chance'']
[10] This symbolist poet and author of Herodiade wrote ``A Throw of the Dice Will Never Eliminate Chance,'' as well as Afternoon of a Faun.
Answer: Stephane Mallarme
[10] This other Mallarme work describes a Poet who ``reawakens with a naked sword'' and asserts that the titular granite structure marks the boundaries ``to the dark flights of Blasphemy hurled to the future.''
Answer: ``The Tomb of Edgar Poe''
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Families of these proteins include NF-kB and Activating Protein-1. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these proteins that are composed of a DNA binding domain and an activator domain, which bind to promoters upstream of genes and regulate the activity of RNA polymerase.
Answer: transcription factors
[10] In this transcription factor DNA binding motif, two cysteine-containing DNA elements are linked to an alpha helix containing two histidine residues by a certain metal.
Answer: zinc finger
[10] This other DNA binding motif involves the dimerization of alpha helices containing regions rich in a certain amino acid.
Answer: leucine zipper
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This leader of the Fatherland Front was assassinated in 1934, leading to Kurt Schuschnigg's rise to power. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this dictator and founder of "Austrofascism."
Answer: Engelbert Dolfuss
[10] This Nazi agent, whose trademark large facial scar was the result of a collegiate fencing injury, was an early member of the Austrian Nazi Party. He led various operations such as the rescue of Mussolini and the creation of the "ratlines."
Answer: Otto Skorzeny
[10] This failed 1944 action directed by Skorzeny was an attempt to kill Tito and end the resistance in Yugoslavia; partisan agents discovered the plot ahead of time and thwarted it.
Answer: Operation Rosselsprung
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It has a Lebesgue covering dimension n and covariant and contravariant quantities are equivalent within it. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of space that encompasses the n--tuples of the real numbers and is often named after the author of Elements.
Answer: Euclidean space [or Euclidean -n---space; or Cartesian space]
[10] According to this theorem, there exists a convergent subsequence for any bounded sequence in a Euclidean space.
Answer: Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem
[10] The Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem can be used to prove this other theorem, which states that a closed, bounded subset of Euclidean space is compact.
Answer: Heine-Borel theorem
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This fictional character decides to move into the San Bernardino Arms in order to be closer to the would-be actress Faye Greener. For 10 points:,
[10] Identify this artist who is continually working on the massive canvas, "The Burning of Los Angeles," in the novel in which he appears.
Answer: Tod Hackett (accept either name)
[10] At the end of this 1939 work, Tod Hackett, who had been trying to save the heartbroken Homer Simpson's life, has been picked up by the police for rioting in front of Kahn's Persian Palace.
Answer: The Day of the Locust
[10] This American author of A Cool Million and The Dreamlife of Balso Snell wrote The Day of the Locust.
Answer: Nathanael West

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