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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by UCLA and South Carolina
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One character in this work shouts, "Kills! Kills! Kills! Kills! Kills!" after a bombing kills thousands at a city block, and a Marxist claims that "Guilt is a sociological accident" in Scene 9. It is written in unrhymed four-stress lines. In it, six-year old Rebecca is raped and killed by a teenage drug addict and left in an alley holding onto her parasol. Scene 8 of this work occurs in the aftermath of a nuclear attack. A balloon seller and popcorn seller are the first characters to appear in this work, and two drunken soldiers inform the title character that his son David was killed by his fellow soldiers in a pointless accident after the end of the war. Mr. Zuss and Nickles portray God and Satan in this work, and Sarah leaves the title character after he refuses to curse God. For 10 points, name this work of Archibald MacLeish, which was based on the Book of Job.
Answer: J.B.
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This artist created a bronze candle stick for the Palazo della Signoria, while Lucrezia Donati was the subject of his Woman With a Primrose. Other works by this man include a painting that features two children in white kneeling in front of Saint Monica and a bust of Alexander the Great, in ancient armor, that was given as a gift to the King of Hungary. The relative lack of Christian imagery in his work is particularly notable in his porphyry and marble tomb of Piero and Giovanni de Medici at the Church of San Lorenzo, though his only surviving metal work is The Beheading of John the Baptist. Although the Villa Careggi is home to his bronze Putto with a Dolphin, his greatest work was originally placed in the Piazza San Marco in Venice and depicted a noted condotierro on horseback. For 10 points, name this sculptor of the Equestrian Monument of Colleoni, whose painting Baptism of Christ was created with his student, Leonardo da Vinci.
Answer: Andrea del Verrocchio
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It was somewhat overlooked in its time due the naval Battle of Beachy Head, which occurred at the same time. A large amount of troops here were separated from each other by a deep ravine near Roughgrange, a landform that neither side knew existed. That mistake cost the losing side its cannons. The actual fighting broke out at Oldbridge, where George Walker and the second-in-command of the winning side, the Duke of Shomberg, were killed. The Dutch Blue Guard managed to force its way across this battle's namesake feature. The winning side had the help of infantry from the region of Ulster known as Inniskillingers, while much of the losing army in this battle had been raised by Richard Talbot, First Earl of Tyrconnel in an attempt to reclaim the landholdings lost by Catholics in Ireland during the event which this battle prevented from being reversed, the Glorious Revolution. For 10 points, name this 1690 battle that took place in Ireland, in which William III of England crushed the former James II near the namesake river.
Answer: Battle of the Boyne
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Along with the reflection coefficient, this is the only variable to appear in both of the Kedem-Katchalsky equations. For a polymer gel, it is roughly equal to the temperature over the cube of the mesh size. A nonlinear increase in this property is sometimes due to the Gibbs-Donnan effect, and Alexander et al defined it as the negative partial derivative of the free energy with respect to volume with a fixed number of macroions. Alfred Gilman related this property to the voluntary intake of water in humans, showing that it does not increase until its value for a solution of urea is greater than that of a solution of salt. It is directly proportional to the ideal gas constant, temperature, and concentration by the Morse equation, and Einstein related it to the molecular theory of heat. For 10 points, name this colligative property, a gradient in which causes water to flow across a semipermeable membrane, which is dependent on the van't Hoff factor.
Answer: osmotic pressure
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This thinker pointed to a "third dogma of empiricism," which distinguishes sensory components, in his "On the Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme." In another work, he posited an example of a beautiful garden as proof that desire in the mind of one person may be transferred to another, without compromising rationality. He adopted G.E.M. Anscombe's idea of ``under a description'' in his first major publication, which argued that certain behaviors may be understood as intentional or unintentional depending on the context. That work, "Actions, Reasons, and Causes," was completed after his Decision-Making: An Experimental Approach. His works deployed what he called ``radical interpretation,'' which focuses on how human beings understand language from scratch. For 10 points, name this former Berkeley philosopher who expounded on his contention that the mind cannot be reduced to physical elements, an idea known as ``anomalous monism,'' in works like Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation.
Answer: Donald Davidson
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This man acknowledged his failure to counteract the sympathetic portrayal of the outlaws in Gay's The Beggar's Opera with his comedy of virtue Love in a Riddle, and this man portrayed Cardinal Pandulph in his Papal Tyranny in the Reign of King John. His nonfiction works include The Character and Conduct of Cicero and A Rhapsody upon the Marvellous, and John Vanbrugh wrote The Relapse as a sequel to one of this man's works. That work describes the return of the debauchee Loveless to the faithful Amanda, and in another of his works, the Headpiece family is corrupted by London. The author of Love's Last Shift and The Provok'd Husband and creator of the character Sir Novelty Fashion, for 10 points, name this English dramatist who wrote An Apology for his life and replaced Lewis Theobald as the target of Alexander Pope's The Dunciad.
Answer: Colly Cibber
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Her most major stage success was a Tony Award for playing Vera Charles in 1966's Mame, although her most remembered Broadway appearance is probably premiering the role of Yente in the original Fiddler on the Roof. This actress is the only woman specifically mentioned in the 1992 Beastie Boys ode to hot older women, "Boomin' Granny." In the 1970's, she appeared in several episodes of All in the Family as Edith's liberal feminist cousin, a character which eventually got an eponymous spinoff sitcom of her own from 1972 to 1978. More recently, she appeared as the Amazon "Femputer" on an episode of Futurama, and had a 2000 cameo on a sitcom as an elderly babysitter who is taken away in an ambulance after singing the Abba song "Fernando." In a scene from her most famous role, she unwittingly yells "Condoms, Rose, CONDOMS!" inside a crowded drugstore. For 10 points, name this actress who is best known for her role as Dorothy Zbornak, in which she starred alongside Betty White, Rue McClanahan, and Estelle Getty on the sitcom The Golden Girls.
Answer: Bea Arthur [or Bernice Frankel]
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Rossi and Testa noticed an inconsistency between it and the canonical commutation relations, and a pure-glue form of it was implemented to apply to both gluons and quarks by Chen and Belloni. In theories of quantum gravity, this law implies that the total energy-momentum density at every point in space vanishes, and it is non-linear in QCD, while in QED it can be implemented by choosing wave functions that are dependent only on the transverse parts of the vector potential. In its gravitational form, it can be re-written as the Poisson equation by replacing the gravitational field with the gravitational potential. It can be used to demonstrate the safety of a Faraday cage, and in the case of stationary charges it is equivalent to Coulomb's law. The first of Maxwell's equations, for 10 points, name this physical law that states the total electric flux out of a closed surface is equal to the charge divided by the permittivity.
Answer: Gauss' law [of electricity; do not accept ``Gauss's law of magnetism'']
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This event was centered in the city of al-Mukhtare, and many of the people involved in this event had been imported for the back-breaking work of clearing out the marshes in the Tigris River basin. The leader of this movement adopted the position of the Kharajites in saying that leadership should be based on abilities and not on heredity, but only after his own claims of descent had been disproved. It allowed the existence of an independent Egypt for its length and originated around the salt mines in the city of Basra, which was besieged for fifteen years by this movement. Its leader claimed descent from Caliph Ali ibn Abu Talib; that leader, Ali ibn Muhammed, had befriended some of the slaves under Caliph al-Muntasir and incited an earlier, short-lived rebellion in Bahrain. For 10 points, name this massive ninth-century revolt of some 500,000 African slaves against the Abbasid Empire.
Answer: Zanj Revolt
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This deity is aided and attended by seven wise men called the Abgal. One myth concerning this god involves Shukaletuda's rape of another deity, and he fulfills his role as judge and mediator of disputes by defusing the situation. Sometimes depicted while holding the half-bird, half-man, Zu, this god once lost track of his divine powers, known as the Me, while drunk, and had to use demons created out of the dirt under his fingernails to track them down in the city of Uruk. His consorts included Ki and Ninhursag and his main center of worship was at the Abzu Temple in Eridu. This cleverest of the gods warned mankind of Enlil's flood and helped his son defeat Tiamat. For 10 points, name this Sumerian deity, the father of Marduk, whose semen created the Tigris and Euphrates and whom the Babylonians would identify with their own Ea.
Answer: Enki [accept Ea until the end]
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A posthumously published novel of this writer sees Ross and Natasha hook up in New York. Ernst Graeber reunites with his childhood playmate Elizabeth and falls in love in another work by this author. This man played the role of Pohlmann the schoolmaster in a film adaptation of one of his works. John Cromwell's So Ends the Night adapted his novel about refugees in 1939 Czechoslovakia. Sydney Pollack filmed one of his novels under the title Bobby Deerfield, and Douglas Sirk adapted his A Time to Live and a Time to Die. This author of Flotsam and The Night in Lisbon depicted the death of a man nicknamed "Kat" and some articles which Muller takes from the body of Kemmerich in another novel, which sees several young characters victimized by Corporal Himmelstoss. For 10 points, name this author of The Road Back, which was a sequel to his work about a well-traveled pair of boots and the draftee Paul Baumer, All Quiet on the Western Front.
Answer: Erich Maria Remarque
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A bounded set is said to be this type of measurable if it is well approximated by simple sets. One of this man's namesake theorems claims that any closed curve in R-2 divides the plane into a bounded interior and unbounded exterior, which are complements. Another theorem bearing his name states that all composition series of a group have the same length. His namesake canonical basis consists of cyclic subsets, and he also names a form in which the diagonal of the matrix of the operator is zero if and only if the operator is nilpotent. For 10 points, name this mathematician whose namesake canonical form consists of eigenvalues on the diagonal and ones below the diagonal in each of the namesake boxes.
Answer: Camille Jordan
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Prominent historians who wrote about this event include Peter of les Vaux-de-Cernay. Raymond-Roger de Trencevel was heavily involved in its early stage; that period saw the city of Bezier completely obliterated and the residents of Carcassone forced to strip naked before leaving the city. During this event, a commander died when ammunition from a mangonel allegedly manned by women crushed his head at the siege of Toulouse. In addition to the death of the elder Simon de Montfort, this event led to the marriage of Louis IX's son when Blanche of Castile signed a treaty that gave Raymond of Toulouse control of much of southern France in exchange for fighting in this conflict. It was prompted by the murder of papal legate Pierre de Castlenau shortly after the excommunication of Raymond. Innocent III promised the land of the target group to anyone willing to fight. For 10 points, name this attempt to eradicate a heretical Christian sect based in Languedoc.
Answer: Albigensian Crusade [or Cathar Crusade]
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This thinker analyzed Flaubert's A Sentimenal Education in The Rules of Art, and advocated epistemic reflexivity in order to avoid "scholastic bias" in his study of academic research, Homo Academicus. This social scientist founded the collective Reasons for Action, and began his academic career with an ethnography of the Kabyle people of Algeria. This sociologist argued that television increases political conformity in his late work On Television, and defined the dispositions through which people perceive and act in the world as the term "habitus." This sociologist created the concepts of symbolic and cultural capital, and wrote a book that describes how aesthetic preferences are systematically taught along social class lines. For 10 points, name this French sociologist who wrote a "social critique of the judgment of taste," Distinction.
Answer: Pierre Bourdieu
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In addition to three string quartets, this composer created a reflective piece for horn and clarinet called Summer Pastoral, as well as an Archaic Suite and a piece called Monopartita. A syncopated theme and fugal development characterize the opening section of this composer's Concertino for Piano and Orchestra. His symphonies, of which there are five in all, bear such nicknames as ``Basel Delights'' and ``The Liturgical.'' Another work, referred to as ``A Dramatic Psalm,'' featured a dance before the Ark and the defeat of Goliath; it was based on a drama by Rene Morat and is called King David. His best known work appeared alongside another of the composer's tone poems, Rugby, and used abrupt rhythms and chords to mimic the motions and sounds of a train. For 10 points, identify this French composer of Pacific 231.
Answer: Arthur Honneger
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Tuberculosis cost this author a lung during his time in France researching the Marquis de Sade, an experience that played into his story "And You, Too." Other autobiographical stories by this man include "A Forty Year Old Man," "A Fifty Year Old Man,", and "A Sixty Year Old Man." Gaston Bonaparte is the title character of this man's Wonderful Fool. Mitsu offers herself to Suguro for compensated dating in his novel Scandal, and doctors perform a vivisection on a downed American pilot in his The Sea and Poison. In one of his works, Sebastian Rodrigues is sent to investigate why the missionary Christovao Ferreira has become an apostate in Japan. For 10 points, name this Christian Japanese author of Silence.
Answer: Endo Shusaku
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They argue for the relativity of view points, and their symbols include a porcupine and a crocodile. Occasionally represented in art as having the hoods of cobras, they are traditionally shown seated on a lion throne, in the posture of meditation or dhyanamudra pose. Their nicknames include ``the Moon Bright'' and the ``Blossom Toothed,'' and the title of lord, or ``natha,'' may be added as an honorific to their names. They come into being after passing through fourteen levels known as Gunasthana. Getting smaller as the cosmic age proceeds, their aforementioned names are attributed to dreams by their mothers before their birth, for example, a dream about a wheel of black jewels named Arishtanemi, while one about saving a snake from an ascetic's log of fire applied to Parshvanatha. It was Sakra who transferred an embryo from Devananda to Trisala, who thereafter gave birth to the twenty-fourth figure to be identified as this. For 10 points, identify these exemplary enlightened figures of Jainism, the last of whom was Mahavira.
Answer: Tirthankaras or Jinas
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After the attack on Pearl Harbor, James M. Landis succeeded this man as director of the Office of Civilian Defense. He was crushed in his first attempt to gain another in 1929 by incumbent Jimmy Walker, but after a later victory, he rounded up thousands of rigged slot machines produced by gangster Frank Costello. He also employed thousands of laborers on public works projects directed by Robert Moses. Along with a senator from Nebraska, he provides half of the name of a bill that made ``yellow dog'' contracts unenforceable in federal courts. His nickname of ``little flower'' was a translation of his Italian first name. For 10 points, name this Republican mayor of New York City in the 1930s, a major proponent of labor unions and the New Deal who is the namesake of a Queens airport.
Answer: Fiorello La Guardia
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One range in this area is known locally as "green city mountain," and contains a peak called "old heaven." Another range is home to a lake named for bathing elephants, a natural phenomenon known as "holy lantern," and a popular tourist stop called "teddy bear." One city in this region lies at the confluence of the Dadu and Min rivers, while another city was home to Tufu and boasts of a Panda research base. In addition to the aforementioned Qingcheng Shan and Emei Shan, this province contains the so-called "nine villages" area in the north, as well as the aforementioned Leshan giant Buddha carved out of a mountain. Found north of Yunnan, and south of Qinghai, Gansu, and Shanxi, its old capital was Chongqing (chon ching), and in May 2008 its city of Wenchuan was the epicenter of a devastating earthquake. For 10 points, name this large province of central China with capital at Chengdu.
Answer: Sichuan [or Szechwan]
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Everett and Anderson attempted to reorganize this genus based on variations in Domain I of the 23S rRNA gene, and it shares a family with the so-called ``Z organism.'' Inhibition of golgin-84 processing has been shown to block maturation of the human-infective form of this pathogen by restricting the amount of lipids available to the bacterium. One species of this genus has been conclusively found in the endovascular region of diseased coronary arteries, but there is no link between disease and concentration of antibodies specific to it. Another species is named for an eye infection that can cause the eyelid to turn inward, inducing the eyelashes to scratch the cornea, leading to blindness. For 10 points, name this genus that contains the species pneumoniae and trachomatis, the latter of which is responsible for the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States.
Answer: Chlamydia
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This man's grandfather of the same name was the ruler of Sicyon and fought in the first Sacred War. His most important rival had him expelled with the help of Cleomenes I of Sparta, but this person was recalled after that rival, Isagoras, tried to dissolve the main governmental institutions of Athens. He increased the size of the Boule to five hundred and the number of tribes from four to ten. Little is known about his life after the introduction of his reforms, which he called the isonomia, and it has been theorized that his seeking aid from the Persians let him to be ostracized, a practice that he likely created. For 10 points, name this reformer who overthrew Pisistratus's son Hippias and established the deme system in Athens.
Answer: Cleisthenes
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Williams professor John Limon says that this poem was specifically an attack on The Advancement of Learning by Francis Bacon and was an early attempt at exploring themes the poet treated more delicately in Eureka. The title entity is said "to seek a shelter in some happier star," and to "soar with an undaunted wing." It has "peering eyes" that "alterest all things," and its "wings are dull realities." The poet asks how the subject of this poem could be loved or deemed wise, for it has "dragged Diana from her car," "driven Hamadryad from the wood," and "torn the Naiad from her flood." Published along with "Al Aaraaf" and "Tamerlane," this poem accuses it subject of being a Vulture who preyests "thus upon the poet's heart" and has torn "the summer dream beneath the tamarind tree" from the poet. For 10 points, name this poem about a "true daughter of Old Time," a sonnet by Edgar Allan Poe.
Answer: "Sonnet--To Science"
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Ball milling with magnesium chloride in the presence of ethyl benzoate is part of the Chien-Wu-Kuo method for synthesis of this reagent, and the Patat-Sinn mechanism describes it partially bonding reactants between two metal atoms. Octahedral coordinative vacancies on its surface are formed by chlorine ligands and an alkyl group in the Cossee-Arlman mechanism. This reagent allows for control of tacticity, and comes in multiple ``generations.'' The reaction series it catalyzes typically ends in beta-H and beta-methyl elimination. For 10 points, name this type of catalyst important in olefin metathesis and polymer synthesis, which usually contains aluminum or titanium and is named for German and Italian chemists.
Answer: Ziegler-Natta catalyst or reagent
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A bird can be seen floating among the hills in the distances, while mist rises in the back of the left side of the canvas. The foreground features some broken pine trees, indicating that a storm has recently passed. A stream of water that begins somewhere beyond the horizon snakes its way to the foreground, where it tumbles among some rocks at the bottom of two cliffs. Commissioned by a dry goods merchant named Jonathan Sturges, it was donated to one of the figures it depicts, after that man gave a funeral elegy at the National Academy on May 4, 1848. Three large trees dominate the left foreground and partially obscure a rocky outcropping where two figures are standing and talking. Taking its name from Keats' "Sonnet to Solitude," for 10 points, identify this work that imagines an idyllic outing in the Catskill Mountains involving the painter of the Course of Empire series and the author of "Thanatopsis," a masterpiece of the Hudson River School by Asher Durand.
Answer: Kindred Spirits
 
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by UCLA and South Carolina
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For 10 points each, identify these types of memory.,
[10] Elizabeth Loftus created the "Lost in the Mall" technique to study how people recall these types of memories, and discussed their formation in The Myth of Repressed Memory.
Answer: false memories [or confabulations; or clear-knowledge equivalents]
[10] In 1974, Baddeley and Hitch replaced the concept of the "short-term store" with a model of this type of memory, which included a 'central executive' that channeled information to either a phonological loop or visuo-spatial sketchpad.
Answer: working memory [do not accept ``short-term memory'']
[10] Contrasted with declarative memory, this type of memory is often researched through priming studies and the illusion-of-truth effect, in which a person is more likely to believe something they have already heard even if they were told it was false. More concretely, it is the reason why people rarely forget how to swim or ride a bike once they learn how.
Answer: implicit memory [or procedural memory]
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On one axis is the luminosity, while on another is the color. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this doubly-eponymous diagram in which white dwarves are found in the bottom left.
Answer: Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
[10] This region on the HR diagram consists of variable stars, and it runs diagonally up and right from the main sequence.
Answer: instability strip
[10] These inhabitants of the instability strip are sometimes called dwarf cepheids, and have periods of around one or two hours. They exhibit both radial and non-radial pulsations simultaneously.
Answer: Delta Scutistar [or Al Velae; or Al Velorum]
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Name these works of Asian literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] This oldest surviving Japanese work of fiction tells of a girl who evades a number of suitors by having her father assign them impossible tasks. She and her parents learn that she does not fit in due to her ancestry, as she is really of a race of people from the moon, after which she returns home.
Answer: The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter [or Taketori Monogatari; or The Tale of Princess Kaguya; or Kaguya-hime no Monogatari]
[10] The title character of this Guan Hanqing play is wrongfully accused of murdering Zhang Lur's father and is executed after predicting that there would be snow in June, mysteriously floating blood, and a three-year drought, all of which comes to pass.
Answer: The Injustice to Dou E
[10] Tripitaka and the Monkey King go to India to retrieve some Buddhist scriptures in this classic Chinese novel.
Answer: The Journey to the West [or Hsi-yu chi]
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His daughter Lo Ruhama was named such to symbolize that Yahweh would no longer be patient with Israel, and the name of his son Lo Ammi meant "Not my people." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this prophet whose book includes the verse, "For they sow the wind and they reap the whirlwind."
Answer: Hosea
[10] Hosea was commanded by Yahweh to marry this prostitute as a symbol of Israel's faithlessness to God. Hosea later left this wife, stating that she "kept going after other lovers."
Answer: Gomer
[10] Hosea lived during the reign of Jeroboam II, as did this prophet, who was ordered to leave Israel by Jeroboam's priest Amaziah after preaching at Bethel. This prophet focused on compelling social justice among the Israelites.
Answer: Amos
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This erector of the Jelling Stones was the first Danish king to be baptized. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this unifier of Denmark, the son of Gorm the Old.
Answer: Harold Bluetooth [or Harold I; prompt on Harald]
[10] This king of Norway, the son of Harold Bluetooth, also became the ruler of England in 1013 and is noted for his impressive facial hair.
Answer: Sven I [or Sven Forkbeard]
[10] Much of Sven Forkebeard's hostility against England was the result of this event ordered by Ethelred the Unready in which most of the Danes living in England were slaughtered, including Sven's sister Gunhilde.
Answer: St. Brice's Day Massacre
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He assigned emotional values to colors in a letter to Auguste Macke. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German Expressionist who organized the Blaue Reiter movement along with Wassily Kandinsky.
Answer: Franz Marc
[10] This 1913 painting by Marc, a heavily abstracted confluence of colors, depicts the effects of industrialization and logging on nature.
Answer: The Fate of the Animals [or Animal Destinies; or Tierschicksale]
[10] In his later works, Marc moved away from his trademark depictions of animals; this, his last major work, shows two clashing swirls of red and black.
Answer: Fighting Forms [or Kampfende Formen]
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For 10 points each, identify these things that are no longer useful after a few days outside the womb.,
[10] This structure normally contains two arteries through which fetal and placental blood are exchanged. It typically gets snipped shortly after birth.
Answer: umbilical cord
[10] This blood vessel connects the systemic and pulmonary circulation systems in the fetus. It typically closes off a couple of days after birth, unless it is ``patent.''
Answer: ductus arteriosus
[10] This mixture of sloughed-off cells, mucus, bile, and swallowed amniotic fluid is excreted as baby's first stool.
Answer: meconium
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America's involvement in the First World War required a substantial degree of organization. For 10 points each:,
[10] This general and medical doctor strengthened the role of the General Staff and the Mobile Army before being replaced as Chief of Staff in 1914.
Answer: Leonard Wood
[10] Having already led the expedition to capture Pancho Villa in 1915, this commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force led it to Europe in 1917.
Answer: John J. Pershing
[10] This Secretary of War's appointment of Pershing angered Henry Cabot Lodge; he had been known for pacifism while mayor of Cleveland.
Answer: Newton Baker
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He began his career selling the Washmatik. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this television icon that appears in a blue button-down shirt and slacks and his distinctive beard. He is perhaps best known for advertising Oxiclean and more recently ESPN360.com.
Answer: Billy Mays
[10] Mays recently challenged this spokesman for the Slap Chop food chopper and Shamwow! to a pitch-off. His pitches include "you know the Germans always make good stuff" and "you're gonna love my nuts!"
Answer: Vince Offer
[10] This heavily advertised product of elder pitchstatesman Ron Popeil uses the slogan "set it and forget it."
Answer: the Showtime Rotisserie Grill
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This 1633 collection of 160 poems inspired a response by Richard Crashaw, for 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work which includes such individual pieces as ``The Dedication'' and ``The Pulley.''
Answer: The Temple
[10] This poet composed The Temple which also included his pattern poem, ``Easter Wings.''
Answer: George Herbert
[10] This Metaphysical poet wrote in a similar elliptical style as George Herbert. His own works include A Feast for Worms and Emblems.
Answer: Francis Quarles
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The incident which provoked its exposure occurred in at an estate in the Black Forest. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this series of court martials and trials regarding accusations of homosexual conduct made by the journalist Maximilian Harden.
Answer: Eulenburg Affair or Scandal or whatever
[10] The Eulenburg affair threatened to disrupt the reign of this last German Emperor and King of Prussia, who was succeeded as head of Germany by Friedrich Ebert in 1918.
Answer: Wilhelm II [or William II; prompt on Wilhelm or William]
[10] This German Chancellor under William II would lose confidence in the Emperor after the Eulenburg Affair. He antagonized France in the Moroccan Crisis of 1905 and thwarted Russia's plans to open the Dardanelles.
Answer: Bernard Heinrich Martin von Bulow
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Answer some questions about philosophers from the Hundred Schools of Thought who challenged Confucianism, for 10 points each.,
[10] One of the most important schools of the time, Legalism, was founded by this philosopher and friend of Li Si. This man's ideas, including his hatred of Confucians, would be put into practice when Li Si became Qin Shihuangdi's minister.
Answer: Han Feizi
[10] This other philosopher and opponent of both Confucianism and Legalism founded a namesake school emphasizing love for all people as well as a crude form of empiricism. He advocated rulers being chosen through merit as well as pacifism, but his school did not survive the Qin dynasty:
Answer: Mozi [or Mo Tzu]
[10] This other philosopher of the time is likely the second most important Daoist, and left behind a book of observations. In one of those observations, he famously questions whether he is a man dreaming he is a butterfly or a butterfly dreaming he is a man.
Answer: Zuangzi [or Master Chuang]
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Its name is derived from a Ukrainian term signifying ``epic ballad,'' and this 1891 work begins with a movement marked Lento Maestoso. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this slow, elegiac piece of music in E minor for violin, cello, and piano.
Answer: Dumky Trio
[10] This composer of the Dumky Trio was commissioned by Simrock to produce his Slavonic Dances; he may be better known for his Symphony ``From the New World.''
Answer: Antonin Dvorak
[10] This setting of the poem ``Heirs of the White Mountain,'' a cantata written in 1872, was Dvorak's first success.
Answer: Hymnus
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Name these thought experiments from physics, for 10 points each.,
[10] This experiment concludes that the namesake creature is both dead and alive in the box where a vial of poison will be smashed if a Geiger counter detects radiation.
Answer: Schrodinger's Cat
[10] Richard Feynman used this thought experiment, an update on Maxwell's demon. In it, perpetual motion is achieved; however, the real one would break down because of the namesake motion.
Answer: Brownian Ratchet
[10] This thought experiment, the subject of a debate between its namesake and Bohr at the 1930 Solvay conference, was recently performed when French scientists trapped a single photon using rubidium atoms.
Answer: Einstein's Box
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It is set in the Charenton Asylum. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1963 play that imagines the author of Justine directing a play about the death of a French Revolutionary. It was written by Peter Weiss.
Answer: marat/sade or The Persecution and Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat As Performed by the Inmates of the Asylum of Charenton Under the Direction of the Marquis De Sade
[10] When this writer wasn't playing Marat in Gance's Napoleon or adapting Shelley's The Cenci, he expressed admiration for Balinese performance in his The Theater and Its Double.
Answer: Antonin Artaud
[10] This five-act, eight-page play by Heiner Muller, a postmodern adaptation of Shakespeare, includes a bleeding refrigerator, a University of the Dead, and the stage direction: "Enormous room. Ophelia. Her heart is a clock."
Answer: Hamletmachine [or Die Hamletmaschine]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Islands are a great geographic feature for carrying out possibly-apocalyptic research. For 10 points each:,
[10] This Russian archipelago's remote Arctic location between the Barents and Kara Seas was perfect as a Cold War testing site for nuclear weapons, including the "Tsar Bomb" in 1961; with a yield of 50 megatons, that is still the most powerful nuclear weapon to ever be detonated.
Answer: Novaya Zemlya
[10] This small Scottish island was host to a bunch of unlucky sheep in 1942, who all died from anthrax bomb tests. In 1979 anthrax spores were discovered remaining in the soil, leading to the entire island being doused with formaldehyde.
Answer: Gruinard Island
[10] This island in the Aral Sea housed a USSR lab for bioweapons research. When the USSR broke up, the lab staff abandoned the facility without destroying all of their materials. Unfortunately, the shrinking of the Aral Sea made the former island a peninsula in 2002, so small animals carrying anthrax and bubonic plague could be heading for the mainland soon.
Answer: Vozrozhdeniya [or Rebirth Island]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At one point in this film, the title character describes his experience in an acting workshop run by the Polish director Jerzy Grotowski, which involved him nursing a teddy bear. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this film about a meeting between Wallace Shawn and the title character.
Answer: My Dinner with Andre
[10] My Dinner with Andre was directed by this man, who also directed Au Revoir Les Enfants and whose last work was Vanya on 42nd Street.
Answer: Louis Malle
[10] This 1981 Louis Malle film stars Susan Sarandon as a young croupier named Sally, whose husband has stolen drugs from the mob and who needs Burt Lancaster's Lou to save her.
Answer: Atlantic City
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A recent Texas City chemical plant accident saw a blowdown drum connected to a device used in this process overflow and explode. For 10 points each:,
[10] This chemical process exploits differences in vapor pressure equilibrium and boiling points according to Raoult's law to separate constituents of a mixture of liquids. Azeotropes cannot be separated by this process.
Answer: distillation
[10] This equation calculates the minimum number of distillation stages needed, given total reflux, as a function of distillate and bottoms component mole fractions and average relative volatility.
Answer: Fenske equation
[10] These doubly-eponymous diagrams are constructed by drawing horizontal and vertical lines between the 45-degree line and the x-y phase diagram. The triangles constructed are then used to determine column staging.
Answer: McCabe-Thiele diagrams
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following characters created by Mark Twain, for 10 points each.,
[10] Name either of the two sisters who adopt Huck Finn. One of them is the owner of Jim, and the other is the only person who Huck fears disappointing when he engages in his antics.
Answer: Widow Douglas or Miss Watson
[10] In Pudd'nhead Wilson, this slave is one-sixteenth black, and at the birth of her child, she switches him with the child of her white master. Her son Chambers goes by the name "Tom" and her master's son Tom now goes by the name "Chambers."
Answer: Roxana [or Roxy]
[10] In A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, this page becomes Hank Morgan's right hand man. Hank taught this character how to read and sent others to this character to teach them to read, and this character is the only one who remains loyal to Hank, helping Hank build his electrically guarded cave.
Answer: Clarence
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man lived in relative anonymity until the age of fifty-two, when his extreme asceticism brought him recognition from the Archbishop of Toledo, who suggested him as confessor to Isabella. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Grand Inquisitor and Cardinal whose accomplishments include founding what is currently the largest university in Spain and serving as the regent of Spain after the death of Ferdinand, as well as compiling a book with parallel columns of Greek, Hebrew, Latin, and Aramaic, the Complutensian Polyglot Bible.
Answer: Cardinal Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros
[10] Cisneros's Complutenese University didn't rival the prestige of this medieval center of Spanish learning. Found in Leon, its students included Cervantes and Loyola.
Answer: Salamanca
[10] During his time as a despotic regent, Cisneros ruled in place of this youth and son of Philip I of Castile and Juana the Mad. He went on to be Holy Roman Emperor and preside over the Diet of Worms.
Answer: Charles V
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about extant primary sources of Norse Mythology, for 10 points each.,
[10] This poem, the first of the Poetic Edda, concerns both the creation and destruction of the world as told to Odin. Its title means ``sayings of the Volva,'' the priestess who reveals the fate of the world:
Answer: Voluspa
[10] The first section of Sturluson's Prose Edda recounts the tricking of this character, a King of Sweden. He asks many questions regarding the Norse gods to three men seated on thrones-- High, Just-as-High, and Third-- but by the end they vanish.
Answer: Gylfi
[10] According to the final section of this poetic work, Odin had to hang himself from Yggdrasil in order to get the runes to write this text, whose title translates as ``sayings of the high one.'' It is primarily a discussion of good manners, morals, and ethics.
Answer: Havamal
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Kuratowski's theorem shows that no subdivision of the complete graph on five vertices or the utility graph can be present in them. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of graph which can be drawn without overlapping edges.
Answer: planar graph
[10] A path which traces every edge exactly once is known as this man's namesake path, or his namesake cycle if it starts and ends at the same node.
Answer: Leonhard Euler
[10] Also disproving Tait's conjecture is this theorem, which shows that, for any Hamiltonian cycle in a planar graph, the region degree minus two times the number of regions enclosed minus the number of regions outside of the cycle summed over all region degrees must be zero.
Answer: Grinberg's theorem

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