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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Nationals Tossups by UCLA
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One character in this work rides the rails to Knoxville with Gus Moody and is responsible along with Tom Flack for regularly retrieving another character from the Eagle Crescent brothel. As a young child the protagonist is trodden upon by a horse driving a wagon laden with the Hilliards' groceries, and later in life he is heartbroken when his girlfriend leaves him to marry Richard. The protagonist of this novel gets his first job delivering papers with Luke after the death of his brother Gordon during the St. Louis World's Fair, and later he is sent to the university at Pulpit Hill after the completion of his schoolwork under Margaret Leonard. Much of his life is spent in Dixieland, the boardinghouse run by his mother Eliza in Altamont. Ending with a vision of Ben just before the protagonist heads to Harvard, this is, for 10 points, what novel about Eugene Gant by Thomas Wolfe?
Answer: Look Homeward, Angel
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Along with a "station" found nearby, this object originally produced sufficient light to cover the entire world. Ideally, the dua is said while leaning against a spot on a nearby wall, called the al-multazam, halfway between this object and the doorway to the building that contains it. A ring and a silver band have kept it intact ever since it shattered into three large pieces and several smaller fragments. In the tenth century, the Qarmatians stole and sold back this object, which may be an impactite-type meteorite from the Wabar Crater. It is believed to have acquired its present color from absorbing sins after it was given to Adam during the fall from paradise. For 10 points, name this object inset into the east wall of the Kaaba, believed to have been used to build the structure by Abraham and which is kissed by Muslims on the hajj.
Answer: the Black Stone of Mecca [or Al-Hajar al-Aswad]
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The only man-made island in this chain is Longue Vue Island, while the lands of Zavikon Island are connected by a famously small bridge. Other islands in this group include Dark Island, which is home to the Singer Towers, and one once known as Hemlock Island and now called Heart Island, which is home to Boldt Castle. One can reach this chain by its namesake bridge, which runs from Collins Landing near Alexandria Bay and connects Wellesley Island and Hill Island to Interstate-84; that international bridge ends near Kingston.Geologically, this chain is an extension of the Adirondack Mountains to connect to the Canadian Shield.FTP, name this archipelago in the St. Lawrence River between Ontario and New York, which lends it name to a type of salad dressing.
Answer: Thousand Islands (grudgingly accept the singular form, Thousand Island)
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One character in this work is described as "handsome like a young god," and later he is called both a devil and an angel by the protagonist. The servant Leopardo is falsely blamed for the central action of this work, while the actual culprit attempts to meet the protagonist by sneaking into her garden. An important scene in this work occurs after the protagonist's father "howled [such that] that the walls resounded" and involves a markedly erotic reconciliation of father and daughter. The work begins with a newspaper ad taken out by the protagonist in an attempt to find her child's father, who eventually agrees to meet her on the 3rd on his way back from Naples. Upon doing so, Count F. reveals that it was he who raped Giulietta after saving her from Russian soldiers, but she agrees to marry him anyway. For 10 points name this novella about a noblewoman by Heinrich von Kleist.
Answer: The Marquise of O [accept Die Marquise von O or The Countess of O]
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In one episode of this show, the main character saw a murder happening in the kitchen of a restaurant but no one believed him when he saw the "murder" victim throw away garbage at the train station a while after the murder. The Pilot episode featured the main character solving an assassination attempt on the mayoral candidate. Another episode showed Natalie Teeger solve a case when the main character was down with flu. A January 2008 episode guest-starred Howie Mendel as the leader of a cult, and the season finale showed the main character apparently shoot Leland Stottlemeyer before running away. Dr. Stanley Kroeger and Lt. Randy Disher are other characters on, for 10 points, what USA show that features actor Tony Shalhoub as the titular OCD-afflicted homicide detective?
Answer: Monk
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During a whirlwind tour of the United States, this man secured the signing of a document which was followed a couple months later by the Martin Declaration. He had earlier been to America when he married his longtime wife Charlotte Garrigue in New York. Along with a few others, he founded the Realist Party in 1889 and promoted independence with the signing of the Pittsburgh Manifesto, alongside men like astronomer Milan Stefanik. He's also known for writing a memoir The World Revolution, as well as a thesis on "suicide as a mass social phenomenon" and a treatise on concrete logic. He was succeeded by the doctor Edvard Benes as president after he retired in 1935, though his son Jan was later foreign minister. FTP, name this professor who was the first president of a newly-formed Czechoslovakia.
Answer: Tomas Masaryk
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Chickens can develop this condition if infected with Marek's disease. A study of this disease focused on the protein Milano ApoA-I, which differs from the regular ApoA-I by a substitution of arginine for cystenine at position 173. Niacin and a class of drugs known as statins are used to treat this condition. Rupturing of the lumen wall in it is known as stenosis, and macrophages make up the atheromatous plaque, which is one of the causes of this disease. Usually a precursor to heart attacks or strokes, FTP, identify this disease, a type of arteriosclerosis also known as "hardening of the arteries".
Answer: atherosclerosis (prompt on "arteriosclerosis" before mentioned)
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As a lawyer, this man successfully defended Billy McNew, Jim Gilliland, and his longtime friend Oliver Lee who were all accused of murdering Albert Jennings Fountain, who was conveniently the political rival of this man. He founded a newspaper called the Independent Democrat, but cleverly switched to the Republican Party along with Thomas Catron. As a result, those two became the first two senators from his state, New Mexico, where he owned the massive Tularosa ranch at Three Rivers. In his most famous role, he convinced Edwin Denby to give him the power to accept a $100,000 loan from Edward Doheny, after he had given Doheny and Harry Sinclair a secret lease to Elk Hills and some other naval reserves. FTP, name this Secretary of the Interior who resigned and was imprisoned as a result of the Teapot Dome scandal.
Answer: Albert Bacon Fall
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Massey and Burhop proved that when relativistic effects are taken into account, the yield of this phenomenon is much lower, while Martinand Eggleston calculated this phenomenon for xenon and krypton. The Kasha-Vavilov rule is used to calculate the yield in cases where this phenomenon is substituted by fluorescence. Lise Meitner is said to have discovered it before its namesake and this effect occurring in iodine-125 can possibly cause damage to DNA samples. FTP, name this physical effect that occurs when excited electrons, instead of emitting X-rays in the form of photons, cause secondary emission of electrons.
Answer: Auger effect
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She formed the Milky Way when she spilled her breast-milk following the discovery of surreptitious suckling, and she sent Side (SEE-day) to the underworld for being as beautiful as she was. According to Pausanias, she is worshipped at Stymphalus as a widow. She was courted at Mount Thornax, after being brought up by the Seasons and Temenus. She bathed at the spring of Canathus to renew her virginity, and she took pity on her lover, who came to her in the form of a cuckoo. She was hung with a golden bracelet after Briareus rescued her husband from a hundred knots. Her contact with lettuces and flowers led to the birth of her children Hebe, Eris, and Ares. She also had Jason carry her across a river, and tried to foil Heracles. For 10 points, name this daughter of Rhea and Cronus, the goddess of marriage and wife of Zeus.
Answer: Hera
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This author's nonsensical only novel features a discourse on the utility of pockets and is marked by an unknown triangular symbol attributed to the Garamna people. Sir Ralph the Rover comes upon the bell placed on the title outcropping by the Abbot of Aberbrothok in his "The Inchcape Rock," while Baly and Padalon are among the locales visited by the title character of his "The Curse of Kehama." In another poem, after Peterkin finds a human skull, Old Kaspar tells the story of the title conflagration. Subjects of his long poems include Robin Hood, Joan of Arc, and a Welsh prince who legendarily discovered America in 1170. Magicians from Domdaniel are dispatched to kill the titular "destroyer" of another poem, though better-known is a poem that inspired a parodic retort from Lord Byron. For 10 points name this author of "Thalaba" and A Vision of Judgement, a Lake Poet who also wrote about the Battle of Blenheim.
Answer: Robert Southey
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This constellation contains Messier 52 and Messier 103, open clusters that have seventh apparent magnitudes, allowing them to be seen with a simple telescope. Its nearest star is Achird located 19.4 light years away, which is actually a binary star combining yellow dwarf and orange dwarf stars. It contains the Owl Cluster and the Bubble Nebula, an expanding shell of glowing gas. It also includes the V509 star and its alpha and brightest star is the rose pinkSchedar.With bordering constellations of Lacerta, Cepheus, Andromeda, and Perseus, FTP, name this northern constellation seen in the shape of a "W" or a crown, and sometimes known as "the seated queen," since it represents a vain queen in Greek mythology who boasted about her unmatched beauty.
Answer: Cassiopeiae (prompt on "The Seated Queen")
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Comic scenes in this work include a discussion of the love triangle surrounding Don Ferolo Whiskerandos and a trilingual dialogue involving Signor Pasticcio Ritornello and his French interpreter. Handel's Water Music is played in this work to accompany the entrance of the British Rivers, while praise is given to another character when he sits down and shakes his head. One of the central characters praises Tilburnia's second sight, and early in the play he explains that there are five different kinds of his namesake written piece. One interaction in this play is written entirely using fencing jargon, of which Sneer is dubious. The play begins at Dangle's with the arrival of a playwright based on Richard Cumberland, Sir Fretful Plagiary, but it is Puff's play The Spanish Armada that ultimately occupies the other characters. For 10 points name this satire of the world of theater by Richard Brinsley Sheridan.
Answer: The Critic
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One section of this work says that even though poets might not lead perfectly religious lives, they have the liberty of discussing religious matters. The final section, Part IIB, states that failing to take action to increase faith is a sin, while an earlier section says that a man wanting to be Caesar is an example of the key cause of the titular phenomenon. Yet another section names "defiance" and "weak" types of the key cause, and the author quotes Macbeth to illustrate the paradox of winning over sin. Other sections conclude that Christianity is based on the absurd principle of personal faith but that true Christians are the only ones not affected by a key cause of the titular malady, which is despair. For 10 points, name this philosophical work that says alienation from God is ultimately the cause of the title condition, written under the pseudonym "Anti-Climacus" by Soren Kierkegaard.
Answer: The Sickness Unto Death: A Christian Psychological Exposition for Edification and Awakening, By Anti-Climacus [or Sygdommen til Doden: En christelig psychologisk Udvikling til Opbyggelse og Opvaekkelse, af Anti-Climacus]
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This man commanded troops at the Battle of Ad Decimum, or Ten Mile Post, where he nearly saw defeat until the fall of Ammatus allowed his troops to triumph, and after that he won an easy victory at the Battle of Tricameron. Earlier, this commander's army had seen defeat at the hands of Azarethes in the Battle of Callinicum, after which the emperor signed the "Endless Peace." He was ordered to depose Pope Silverius in favor of Vigilius, an act for which he later repented, and he married Antonina, a court favorite who wielded a good deal of influence. Along with Mundus, he reported to the Hippodrome to suppress a certain disturbance, and he was later replaced with the eunuch Narses. FTP, name this great Byzantine general who re-conquered lots of the Roman empire for Justinian.
Answer: Belisarius
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"Dragon's Dance," "From the Island of Bali," and "Melody in the Mist" are among the more colorfully titled works in this collection, whose last six works were dedicated to Harriet Cohen. "Fox Song" is one of a handful of pieces in it with a voice part, while a duet format is used for such pieces as "Contrary Motion II." Triplets in Lydian Mode" A series of "Unison Melodies" opens this collection, which ends with a set of "Dances in a Bulgarian Rhythm," and is comprised of six volumes of didactic pieces that ascend from novice to expert level in difficulty. Hungarian Style appear in, FTP, what 153 piece set of piano exercises composed by Bela Bartok?
Answer: Mikrokosmos
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One settlement in this modern-day nation was founded by Captain Francis Light. The Briggs Plan instituted here forcibly created new ethnically-mixed villages as a response to an emergency period. The National Development Policy was announced to replace the New Economic Policy in this country, which was first proclaimed in 1971 and aimed at a more fair distribution of wealth and improved standing for bumiputeras. James Birch was killed here in 1875 as a result of the Perak War, named for an area in this country replete with valuable tin mines. The Merdeka Mission, aimed at independence, was led by its first prime minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman, who presided over the uniting of its federated and unfederated portions in 1963 to form the nation. FTP, name this country which includes Sabah and Sarawak, with its seat of government at Kuala Lumpur.
Answer: Malaysia
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Judd-Ofelt theory is used to predict the luminescent properties in these and characterize their electric-dipole transitions. McCoy's method can be used to separate them, and Axel Cronstedt is believed to have discovered the first of them.All of them, except for two, contain trivalent cations, some of which can interfere with calcium channels in the human body.Most are derived from a tetragonal xenotime or monoclinic monazite. The Sparkle model is a computational chemistry technique to calculate their complexes. All of them follow the Oddo-Harkins Rule, which may help to explain why "lights" can be found in the crust and the "heavies" in the mantle.They're particularly noted for exhibiting poor shielding of nuclear charge, which leads to decreases in their atomic radii, an effect known as their namesake "contraction."Containing a partially-filled 4f electron orbital, this is, FTP what period of elements from atomic number 57 to 71?
Answer: lanthanides or lanthanoids
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One character in this work sings of how he is reduced to empty space in the aria "Quando ero paggio" after following along another character's lute. Another character sings "Il cornuto chi e?," which, after a double marriage, is replied in the form of "Lo scornato chi e?" That marriage results in Caius consummating with a red-nosed ruffian dressed in a white veil, while Fenton marries Nannetta after singing "Dal labbro il canto estasato vola." After offering the protagonist a bag of gold to assail virtue, another character, who takes the name Fontana, sings "E sogno? o realta?" Earlier, the protagonist had delivered the ironic aria "L'onore! Ladri," sung to Bardolph and Pistol. Featuring a trist at Herne's Oak and a toss out of a laundry basket, FTP name this final work of Giuseppe Verdi about the wooing of the merry wives of Windsor by the titular Shakespearean knight.
Answer: Falstaff
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TB. Along with Stuart Hameroff, he developed a hypothesis connecting human consciousness to quantum gravity effects in microtubules. His namesake objects mark the plane aperiodically, and it was proved that the rhomb form of those objects is three-colorable. His two versions of the censorship hypothesis stated that naked singularities do not exist in nature. Edward Witten used one of his formulations to connect them to S-matrices and named it twistor string theory. His name is attached to a pseudoinverse operation first discovered by E. H. Moore. FTP name this British mathematician, best known for some tiles and for developing a hypothesis about black holes along with fellow-Brit Stephen Hawking.
Answer: Sir Roger Penrose
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TB. Late in his career, this man was placed in charge of relief efforts when martial law was declared after the Great Chicago Fire. Given the epithet "the Inevitable" in a book by Richard O'Connor, he replaced Winfield Hancock as commander of the Department of the Missouri in 1867 and carried out the winter buffalo offensives during the Plains Wars. Earlier, his army had mortally wounded J.E.B. Stuart at Yellow Tavern and he led victories at Fisher's Hill and Waynesboro over the army of Jubal Early. But, one of his more famous actions came at the Battle of Cedar Creek where his horse Rienzi supposedly gained its name. FTP, name this cavalry commander of the Army of the Potomac who directed the burning campaign in the Shenandoah Valley.
Answer: Philip Henry Sheridan
 
2008 ACF Nationals Bonuses by UCLA
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Name these sorting algorithms. FTPE.,
[10] This simple but incredibly inefficient n-squared algorithm compares two members of a list and swaps them if they are out of order. It continues comparing items until an entire pass has been made with no items in the list being swapped.
Answer: Bubble sort
[10] Invented by its namesake in 1959, this is the most efficient of the n-squared algorithms. It uses insertion sort to sort through i sets of n over i items, where i diminishes after each pass.
Answer: Shell sort
[10] A generalization of the pigeon hole principle, this algorithm can become impractical if the number of items to be sorted becomes too high. A count of the number of instances of each possible value in the set of data to be sorted is stored in the titular object for each possible value in the set.
Answer: Bucket sort
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Name some eclectic lakes of Asia,FTPE.,
[10] This lake is sandwiched between the Irkutsk Oblast and the Buryat Republic.It's home to a massive lake-bound island, Olkhon, but it's best known for being the deepest lake in the world.
Answer: Lake Baikal
[10] This endorheic lake in southeastern Kazakhstan is freshwater in its western half and saltwater in its eastern half.The Ili River and Karatal River are the two main waterways that drain into it from its namesake inland basin.
Answer: Lake Balkash (or Balqash, Balkhash)
[10] This largest freshwater lake of southeast Asia is also known as the Great Lake and covers nearly a fifth of Cambodia during monsoon season. It was really important to the Khmer empire, which constructed reservoirs known as barays from this lake.
Answer: Tonle Sap
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It steals a scene from Jean Vigo's Zero for Conduct in which a column of jogging boys in Paris gradually diminishes as they are distracted by the city's sights. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this film in which Antoine Doinel is sent to a work camp near the coast after stealing a typewriter, which he unsuccessfully attempts to pawn.
Answer: The 400 Blows or Les Quatre Cents Coups
[10] This New Wave director of Jules et Jim created Antoine Doinel in The 400 Blows, continuing his story in films like Bed and Board and Stolen Kisses.
Answer: Francois Truffaut
[10] In this final film in the Antoine Doinel saga, Antoine writes an autobiographical novel and meets his teenage sweetheart Colette, with whom he goes off on a train trip.
Answer: Love on the Run or L'amour en fuite
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He drives a red car the horn of which plays the first march from I Pagliacci. FTPE:,
[10] Name this gangster, who is dubbed "The King" after arranging a funeral for Joseph Muginstein.
Answer: Benya Krik (accept either)
[10] Benya Krik is the anti-hero of this set of stories by Isaac Babel set in a Ukrainian city.
Answer: Odessa Tales or Odesskie rasskazy
[10] In The Odessa Tales, Benya Krik and most of the other Jewish thugs live in this Odessan ghetto.
Answer: Moldavanka
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He is admired greatly by the overzealous Ms. Bridget, and he moves Susannah to tears by dropping his hat. FTPE:,
[10] Name this battle companion and faithful servant to Uncle Toby.
Answer: Corporal Trim
[10] Uncle Toby and Corporal Trim appear in this Laurence Sterne novel about a young man who, among other things, is circumcised by an unbalanced window.
Answer: The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
[10] Corporal Trim reports that this lieutenant has fallen ill on his way back to his regiment in Flanders, causing Uncle Toby to ostentatiously vow that he shall not die.
Answer: Le Fever
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The U.S. attempted to end this conflict with a diplomatic conference aboard the U.S.S. Lackawanna. FTPE:,
[10] Sometimes called the Saltpeter War, name this conflict ended by the Treaty of Ancon which grew out of a dispute over the Atacama Desert fought between Bolivia, Chile, and Peru.
Answer: War of the Pacific
[10] This 23rd presidentruled Bolivia during the War of the Pacific.His tenure saw Chile encroach upon Bolivian lands and the worst drought in Bolivian history. This led to a revocation of a treaty signed with Chile regarding taxation on Chilean citizens living in disputed provinces.
Answer: Hilarion Daza Groselle
[10] The Treaty of Ancon held that there should be a plebiscite in 10 years to determine the nationality of two nitrate-rich provinces. Name either one of these provinces, which weren't definitively assigned to Chile or Peru until the 1929 Treaty of Lima.
Answer: Tacna or Arica
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This N-tert-butyl version of this functional group is the end product of a Ritter reaction. FTPE.,
[10] Name this functional group that happens when you attach a nitrogen atom to a carbonyl group.
Answer: amide
[10] In this synthesis named for two Germans, an acid chloride reacts with an amine to form an amide with a proton and chloride ion, which requires a diluted base to be added to ensure the reaction goes to completion.The namesake"Conditions" imply that you also need water and an organic solvent.
Answer: Schotten-Baumann reaction
[10] In this reaction, an amide reacts with a phosphorus oxychloride and an activated arene to produce an iminium cation.This cation then undergoes an aromatic substitution and hydrolysis to produce an aryl aldehyde or aryl ketone.
Answer: Vilsmeier-Haack reacton
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Many of his poems were collected in Labyrinths and Path of Thunder. FTPE:,
[10] Name this poet of "Elegy for Alto."
Answer: Christopher Ifekandu Okigbo
[10] In this poem from Limits, divided into four numbered parts, Okigbo traces the development of the poet from "A shrub among the poplars" to having fame that hangs like "A green cloud."
Answer: "Siren"
[10] The refrain of "Siren" includes the line "& the mortar is not dry," which Okigbo borrowed from eighth of this man's Cantos.
Answer: Ezra Pound
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A form of it was observed as "blueberry texture" on Martian rock by the "Opportunity" rover, and it may replace shallow limestone deposits in anoxic near-shore environments, resulting in an oolitic form.FTPE:,
[10] Identify this ferric oxide whose morphologies may include specularite, martite, and kidney ore, which is named for its color.
Answer: hematite or haematite
[10] Hematite belongs to this crystal system that has seven point groups, 27 space groups, and one Bravais lattice; this crystal system also includes graphite and cinnabar.
Answer: hexagonal crystal system
[10] Above 950 degrees Celsius, hematite forms a solid solution series with this weakly magnetic ore of titanium that forms due to magmatic segregation associated with magnetite.
Answer: ilmenite
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The Treaty of Cassius put this entity on equal footing with Rome, stipulating that all spoils of war be split between them evenly. FTPE:,
[10] Name this confederation of over 30 towns led by Alba Longa, probably formed in the early 6th century BC, which eventually dissolved under the auspices of Rome.
Answer: Latin League
[10] The Treaty of Cassius was signed only after the members of the Latin League had united with Lavinium and Tusculum and fought against Rome in this 496 B.C. battle, near a namesake body of water.
Answer: Battle of Lake Regillus
[10] Rome had been under the control of this civilization through most of the 6th century. They were ousted by Lucius Junius Brutus, and later their city-state of Veii was sacked by Camillus in 396 BC.
Answer: Etruscans
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Dmitri Shostakovich and Msistislav Rostropovich once got drunk on vodka during a rehearsal of Shostakovich's first piece in this form. FTPE:,
[10] Name this musical form, examples of which include a Saint-Saens piece in A minor composed for Auguste Tolbeque and an A minor Schumann piece premiered by Ludwig Ebert.
Answer: cello concerto
[10] This guy wrote a four-movement cello concerto in E minor to mourn the dead of World War II. His concerto was popularized by a recording of Jacqueline du Pres playing it on the Davidov Stradivarius.
Answer: Edward Elgar
[10] This Czech composer created a kickass Cello Concerto in B Minor. He also composed the Slavonic Dances and an "American" String Quartet based on his travels in the U.S.
Answer: Antonin Dvorak (dvor-jak)
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It is played on a pitch with two sets of stumps on each ends, where heavily padded and helmeted batsmen face bowlers, and runs come in sixes and fours among other things.For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this sport, called the "gentleman's game", popular in India, England, Australia and Sri Lanka among other countries. Matches in one version are known to go for five days.
Answer: Cricket
[10] The 2007 Cricket World Cup hosted by the island group of West Indies saw the sudden and mysterious death of Bob Woolmer, coach of this nation's cricket team.
Answer: Pakistan
[10] This Australian cricketer is regarded as the greatest batsman in the history of cricket. In his short career he averaged 99.94 runs per test match and scored two triple centuries.
Answer: Sir Donald Bradman
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In it, the vagrant Francis Phelan returns to Albany with Helen Archer. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel, the third in a trilogy, in which Phelan is visited by the ghosts of his mother, his father, and his infant son, whom he had accidentally dropped and killed 22 years earlier.
Answer: Ironweed
[10] This author of Legs and Billy Phelan's Greatest Game wrote Ironweed.
Answer: William Kennedy
[10] In this other William Kennedy novel, Bailey organizes a strike against the local newspaper and hopes to defeat them by bleeding the titular object.
Answer: The Ink Truck
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Identify these things related to speech, FTPE.,
[10] This type of language uses pitch to distinguish lexical meaning. Examples include Chinese and Thai.
Answer: tone or tonal language
[10] This phenomenon occurs when both tone and intonation are at work in a tone language. The result is a lowering of the pitch that stays consistent in terms of relative pitch from one segment to the next.
Answer: downdrift; or downstep
[10] A minimal pair is defined as two words that differ by this term for the smallest unit of language that conveys meaning.
Answer: phoneme
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She was riding a horse when her future husband tried to catch her. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this horse goddess of Welsh mythology, daughter of Hefeydd the Old, who later marries Pwyll.
Answer: Rhiannon
[10] Rhiannon was supposed to marry this man, but Pwyll defeated him by trapping him in a bottomless bag at a feast.
Answer: Gwawl
[10] After an incident in which Rhiannon was falsely accused of eating this son of hers, Rhiannon's maids could not take care of him, so he was adopted by Teyrnon. He became the king of Dyfed after the death of his father.
Answer: Pryderi [or Gwri Wallt Euryn]
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It argued that neither Church nor the state have the power to "coerce" citizens to follow certain tenets. For 10 points each.:,
[10] Name this political tract that said that the Church and state could only motivate citizens, and that Judaism was a natural religion based on reason.
Answer: Jerusalem, or on Religious Power and Judaism
[10] This German-Jewish philosopher of other works like Morning Hours and On the Immortality of the Soul wrote Jerusalem. He was also the model for Lessing's Nathan the Wise and ancestor of a certain composer.
Answer: Moses Mendelssohn
[10] This Mendelssohn work argued that mathematics and metaphysics worked on the basic principle of conceptual analysis. He argued that although mathematics and metaphysics were similar, metaphysics was behind because it relied on arbitrary things.
Answer: On Evidence in Metaphysical Sciences
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Answer the following about Anglo-Saxon England converting to Christianity, FTPE.,
[10] All kinds of important stuff is chronicled in this monk's Ecclesiastical History of the English People, like the travels of the Melrosian prelate Saint Cuthbert and his retirement at Lindisfarne.
Answer: Venerable Bede
[10] Pope Gregory I sent Saint Augustine to convert this prospective king of Kent who married the Christian Frankish princess Bertha. After he was baptized, he created the episcopal sees at Canterbury and promulgated Saxon law.
Answer: Ethelbert
[10] This Irish missionary founded Londonderry, established a community on Iona in Scotland, and converted many of the Picts, though the Celtic church he founded differed with the Romans on crucial issues like the date of Easter.
Answer: Saint Columba (Columba of Iona)
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It was formulated after a careful study of data collected by Tyco Brahe.FTPE:,
[10] Name this eponymous law, a restatement of the law of conservation of angular momentum, which states that a planet orbiting the sun will sweep out equal areas in equal amounts of time.
Answer: Kepler's second law of planetary motion
[10] In one derivation of Kepler's 2ndlaw, this mathematical entity is conserved. Its magnitude gives the eccentricity of the orbit of the planet, and its calculation involves crossing linear momentum with angular momentum.
Answer: Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector
[10] The Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector was not discovered by any of its three namesakes, but rather by this Swiss mathematician who was a member of a famous family and who was also the true formulator of L'Hopital's rule.
Answer: Johann Bernoulli (accept John or Jean Bernoulli, prompt on Bernoulli)
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As applied to the Middle East, it meant that the power vacuum created by the withdrawal of Britain must be taken up by the shah of Iran and Saudi Arabia. FTPE:,
[10] Outlined at a press conference in Guam, name this doctrine titled for a US president, which limited American commitment to its allies by declaring that they should take primary responsibility for their own defense.
Answer: Nixon doctrine
[10] Richard Nixon's first secretary of state outlined a plan calling for implementation of UN resolution 242: the withdrawal of Israeli troops from territory acquired during the Six-Day war. Name this secretary of state, succeeded by Henry Kissinger in 1973.
Answer: William Pierce Rogers
[10] Alas, conflict in the Middle East continued after the Six-Day war into this so-called war of the late 1960s which began with Nasser's shelling of the Bar Lev line. The Rogers plan failed to stop it, and casualties escalated until the death of Nasser.
Answer: War of Attrition
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Irving Sandler helped coin the term for this artistic style by contrasting it to gesture painting. FTPE:,
[10] Morris Louis was linked to this subdivision of abstract expressionism that revolved around painting broad stripes and shapes of uniform shading on flat, two-dimensional spaces. Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler helped organize a school of Washington, D.C. painters named for this style.
Answer: Color Field painting (prompt on Washington Color School or "Post-Painterly Abstraction")
[10] This color field painter bisected a rust colored canvas with a vertical yellow line he called a "zip" for his breakout piece, Onement I. He also produced a set of fourteen minimalist renditions of the Stations of the Cross, which he subtitled Lema Sabachthani.
Answer: Barnett Newman
[10] Ho-hum titles like White Center and Red on Maroon were par for the course for this Latvian-born American painter of colored rectangles and horizontal bands and namesake of a Houston chapel.
Answer: Mark Rothko
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Identify the following about a famous experiment FTPE.,
[10] Identify this experiment named for two 1963 Nobel Prize winners that showed that sodium and potassium are conducted in the action potentials of neurons in parallel.
Answer: Hodgkin-Huxley experiment
[10] Hodgkin and Huxley measured the relative permeabilities of the membrane to different ions using the Goldman equation, which is simply a generalization of this equation relating the log of the reaction quotient to the chemical potential.
Answer: Nernst equation
[10] Hodgkin and Huxley's experiment on the axon of the neuron was followed by this experiment named for a 1970 Nobel winner conducted on synaptic transmission, which showed that acetylcholine was being released in discrete packages in vesicles at the synapse.
Answer: Katz-Miledi experiment
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Name some people in the Confederate cabinet of Jefferson Davis, FTPE.,
[10] This Unionist Whig from Georgia served as the Vice President of the CSA. He met with Lincoln and Seward to try to end the war at the Hampton Roads Conference.
Answer: Alexander Stephens
[10] Before becoming Davis' Secretary of War, this Jewish fellow was Attorney General for him. After being blamed for some humiliating defeats, he resigned and was appointed Secretary of State by Davis in 1862. He escaped to England after the war where he was a quite successful lawyer.
Answer: Judah P. Benjamin
[10] This perennially drunk Senator from Georgia served as the first secretary of state for Davis before being succeeded by Robert Hunter. He'd earlier been a founder of the Constitutional Union party and proposed a bill for a convention in Kansas to deal with the Lecompton Constitution crisis.
Answer: Robert Toombs
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Identify these Biblical books, for 10 points each.,
[10] Bearing one more chapter in Jewish Bibles than Christian ones, this second of the minor prophets posits that recent infertility of farmland is due to the populace forsaking God.
Answer: Book of Joel
[10] At 2:12 of this book, it is noted that the Ethiopians will be killed. It says that only the "humble and the lowly" will survive the upcoming "day of wrath."
Answer: Book of Zephaniah [or Sophonias]
[10] This Old Testament book was written 18 years after Cyrus conquered Babylon. Though not the shortest book in the Bible, it contains only two chapters and urges the populace under governor Zerubabel to rebuild theTemple.
Answer: Book of Haggai [or Prophecy of Aggeus]

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