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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Rutgers
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This man resigned from the navy after being refused a promotion by the Earl of Sandwich and ultimately died in Newgate after being convicted of libeling Marie Antoinette. Baron Erskine's defense of this man brought an end to the doctrine of "constructive treason," and this man was successfully opposed by liberal arts college namesake Jeffrey Amherst in his most notable action. Johann Ramberg's cartoon Moses Choosing His Cook satirized this man's late-in-life conversion to Judaism. His supporters were shot at by troops stationed outside the Bank of England under the command of John Wilkes, discrediting that figure. Five hundred died during the week-long assault on the houses of Parliament led by this man's Protestant Association, which used the slogan "No Popery" in protest of the Catholic Relief Act. For 10 points, name this British agitator who led some namesake 1780 riots in London.
Answer: Lord George Gordon
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One collection of poetry in this language states that ``one grain of rice will make up each man's measure'' and describes an unjust king's arrival to a shrine where the prophet John's body is contained. This language was used to write the book Advantages of Silence by the author ofThe Rose Garden. In a narrative poem written in this language, a stepson uses the trial by fire to escape from the lust of his stepmother. Another poet in this language wrote "Our Death is our Wedding" and "A Star Without a Name," composed the epic Spiritual Couplets, and popularized the ghazal form. Landmarks in this language's medieval corpus include theDiwan by Sa'di. For 10 points, name this language used by Rumi, as well as by Ferdowsi for the Shah Nameh and an author who wrote about "a loaf of bread" and "a jug of wine" in the Rubiyat.
Answer: Persian [or Farsi]
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This artist's later work included a series of seven allegorical female figures, including Temperance Triumphing Over Vice and Charity, all of which were drawn in brown ink on gray paper. This artist's Lamentation depicts a foreshortened, seated Christ being held by a man in red. In another work by this man, a putti tries to steady a large gray horse as a fully clothed Mars tries to resist a nude Venus' advances. Even though he worked with Palladio on a commission by the Barbaro family to fresco the Villa Maser, his greatest commissions were executed in Venice and include Age and Youth, for the ducal palace, and a pair of large banquet scenes. One of those scenes depicts Christ in Galilee at a wedding, while the other was produced for the monastery of Santi Giovanni, but resulted in a charge of heresy. For 10 points, identify this painter of Marriage at Cana and Feast in the House of Levi.
Answer: Paolo Veronese [accept Paolo Caliari]
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Nugent et al. protected these compounds with tert-butoxycarbonyl in a variant of the Henry reaction representing one of the first known chiral proton catalysis reactions discovered outside of proteins. They produce ketenes in the Wolff rearrangement, then react with those ketenes in the Staudinger cycloaddition. Both alkenes and tertiary alcohols yield a product that can rearrange to form them in the Schmidt reaction. Any reaction that uses them is denoted by the prefix ``aza.'' Their namesake functional group is attacked by a cyanide ion in the Strecker synthesis of amino acids, and they are produced intramolecularly via the reduction of azides. Reacting carbonyl compounds with primary amines gives derivatives of these compounds known as Schiff bases. For 10 points, name these compounds characterized by the presence of a carbon-nitrogen double bond.
Answer: imines [accept Schiff bases until ``Wolff'' and grudgingly prompt afterwards]
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In one song by a band of this name, the singer states that he ``had to jerk off the dog just to feed the goddamned cat.'' The best-known song by that band is ``Texas Funeral'', which appeared in From Dusk till Dawn. A film directed by Demetrios Estdelanecropolis tells of a young girl, Shirley Pimple, who battles against a ``Temple of Doom'' named for another person by this name. This man's ghost appears to advise the title character in the Garth Ennis comic Preacher, and he lent his name to a can opener and became an early spokesman for the American Cancer Society after having a lung removed. That actor is also cited among the casualties of suspected radiation poisoning tied to his role as Genghis Khan in The Conqueror. For 10 points, identify this portrayer of Hondo Lane, McClintock, and Rooster Cogburn, an icon of American Westerns.
Answer: John Wayne [or Marion Morrison]
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This disease causes fibroblasts containing IGF-1 receptors to express IL-16 and RANTES in the presence of Immunoglobulin G, and roughly three percent of sufferers also exhibit the related Marine-Lenhart syndrome. CTAL-4 and HLA are two genes known to be associated with this disease, and it is associated with an increase in estrogen receptor expression, possibly explaining why it occurs in seven times as many females as males. Patients exhibit the ``Merseburg triad,'' named after the town in which Carl von Basedow first described it, and in some parts of Europe this disease is known by his name. That triad includes heart palpitations, exophthalmos, or protruding eyes, and goiter. For 10 points, name this disease named after an Irish doctor, an autoimmune form of hyperthyroidism.
Answer: Graves' Disease [accept Basedow's Disease until read
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His poem Christmas Carol begins with "Ring out, Ye bells! All Nature swells". After the lines "No low fever is mine", one poem of his ends with the twice-repeated phrase "For a drink is more kind than a priest". Another's speaker says "come to yo' pappy an' set on his knee" to the titular person. Along with Little Brown Baby, he also notes that an object "hides our cheeks and shades our eyes" in We Wear the Mask. Hattie Sterling is murdered in his novel about Berry Hamilton being falsely imprisoned for theft. William Dean Howells wrote an introduction for the 1896 combination of two of his previous books, the poetry collections Majors and Minors and Oak and Ivy, which were collected as Lyrics of Lowly Life. For 10 points, name this African-American author of Sport of the Gods.
Answer: Paul Laurence Dunbar
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One of these pieces in G minor features a continuous tremolo of sixty-fourth and thirty-second notes and is entitled Preludio. Another, marked ``presto scherzando," which opens with a series of staccato grace notes, is frequently paired with Waldesrauschen and is called Gnomenreigen. Those two, along with a D-flat one written on three staffs called Un Sospiro, are examples of ones marked ``de Concert''. A repeated D-sharp mimics the tinkling of a bell in one entitled La Campanella, and a famous set of them includes such titles as Harmonies du Soir, Feux Follets, and Mazeppa. FTP, name these piano pieces by a Hungarian composer, collections of which are named the ``Paganini'' and the ``Transcendental.''
Answer: Etudes by Liszt (accept ``Paganini Etudes'' before ``scherzando,'' prompt on ``etudes'' or ``works by Liszt'')
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They touch upon the hospitality of Rahab and discuss the impossibility of serving both God and Mammon. One of them includes a discussion of the Phoenix myth before it segues into the omniscience of God and the hope of Resurrection. That discussion is preceded by a reference to Job and the example of a vast sea being withheld by God's Will. Although Johann Hug argued that the strident tone of the last four chapters in these works marks that section as the work of another author, that section's defense of the author's life as an apostle, which included trips to Salonnica with Silas, is biographically accurate. The longer one is best known for Chapter 49's statement that there is ``nothing base or arrogant'' in love, and that love ``bears all things,'' and was probably written while the author was in Ephesus in AD 56. For ten points identify this pair of Epistles written by Paul to a church in the namesake Greek city.
Answer: Letters to the Corinthians or the Corinthians
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Shortly after this nation achieved independence, Sir Stephen Tallents settled the border with its southern neighbor, dividing the city of Valga. A major foreign policy concern for this country is reacquiring the former Petseri County, which had been granted to this country in a 1920 treaty. Friedrich Kreutzwald was the first to document the Setu people found in its Voru County, and on this country's eastern coast and islands, the Rannarootslased, ethnic Swedes, form a small minority. With important ports like Sillamae, Ida-Viru County is this country's chief industrial area, though more economically and environmentally important are the facilities and power plants associated with this nation's oil shale reserves near the city of Narva. The home of the city of Tartu, it is located to the west of the Leningrad Oblast and to the north of Latvia. For 10 points, name this Baltic republic, whose economic hub is the capital Tallinn.
Answer: Estonia [or Eesti Varbariik]
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During their production, two different spin states must be trapped in the f = 9/2 hyperfine ground state. The experiment that created them used Feshbach resonances to prevent molecules from forming instead of the intended result, and further experiments by Chin et al. on Lithium-6 strongly imply that they have superfluid properties. First created by Jin, Greiner, and Regal using 400,000 potassium-40 atoms, this substance must be created using Cooper pairs, since the Pauli exclusion principle does not allow its constituents to occupy the same quantum state. For 10 points, name this state of matter that roughly corresponds to Bose-Einstein condensate for particles with half-integer spin.
Answer: fermionic condensate
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Louis Smirnow blames the ``Christian world'' which ``said naught'' in a poem named for Christendom's version of this ``bloody'' figure. An anti-war poem in The White Messenger and Other Poems by Edith Matilda Thomas was named for the ``altar'' of this figure, and a poem describing the outrage that the author felt concerning the return of a runaway slave toward the state of Massachusetts is named for this figure ``in State Street'' and was written by John Greenleaf Whittier. The son of a slave, along with many other children, are offered to this figure in a novel which ends with the offering of the heart of Matho to this god, that work being Flaubert's Salammbo. ``Besmeared with blood/ of human sacrifices,'' this demon gives a speech demanding war with God in Paradise Lost. For 10 points, name this demon who appears prominently in Allen Ginsburg's Howl as a representative of the American city.
Answer: Moloch
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A letter of Joseph Jones told this man to be on the lookout for "dangerous combinations" and "sinister practices," and the Louis Nicola letter to this man proposed that he proclaim himself dictator. This man quashed a conspiracy instigated by Christopher Richmond and John Armstrong. The goal of that movement was to illicitly use this man's prestige to gain the power to tax imports. When this man denounced that attempt of Alexander McDougall and Walter Stewart, known as the Newburgh Conspiracy, he took out glasses and stated that he had grown both gray and blind. This man was also targeted by the inspector general of the army, who was miffed that this figure had not granted a promotion to major general, and sought to replace this man with Horatio Gates. For 10 points, identify this target of the Conway Cabal, who went on to name such figures as Henry Knox and Alexander Hamilton to his Cabinet.
Answer: George Washington
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Tucker, Lambert, and Rigault tested French speakers' skill with this construct, which a 2007 study by Dalila Ayoun showed was being lost from that language. The Lak word for ``house'' is the only word in that language that expresses the inquorate form of this construct, which is fairly common in Tsova-Tush. That language differentiates between eight types of this construct, as does Swahili, which marks this construct by prefixing every word in the clause related to the noun which carries it, even the verb. Although this construct is generally arbitrary in Indo-European languages, Dyirbal uses this to distinguish between ``things related to fire'' and ``non-flesh food'', and many languages, such as Ojibwe, use it to distinguish between animate and inanimate objects. Often marked by articles like French la and le, or case endings like Latin -us, -a, and -um, for 10 points, what is this noun characteristic, most commonly seen as ``masculine'', ``feminine'', and ``neuter''?
Answer: gender [prompt on noun class or phi characteristic]
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A rotational period of 1.08 earth days for this object was determined using Lomb-Scargle periodograms and measurements by the Swift satellite in the B-band frequency. Methane ice in the atmosphere most likely covers up the deposits of red tholins on this object, leading to its high albedo, second only to Enceladus in the solar system. It lies 44 degrees off the ecliptic, a fact that places it in the scattered disc region and explains its late discovery by Brown, Trujillo, and Rabinowitz. Originally known as UB313, Xena, or Lila, its satellite was jokingly called Gabrielle, but is now known as Dysnomia. The most distant non-comet object in the solar system, for 10 points, identify this object whose 2005 discovery led to the classification of both it and Pluto as "dwarf planets", which is named for the Greek goddess of strife.
Answer: 136199 Eris [or UB313 or Xena or Lila before they are mentioned]
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A stone statue of King Idrimi relates how Idrimi became a vassal of this polity after returning to the throne of Alalakh. This polity was given control of Alalakh by a neighboring power in exchange for relinquishing its coastal claims. Based on terms in the Kikkuli horse-training manual, the names of several rulers, and a list of deities found in a treaty, the rulers of this polity are argued to have been Indo-Europeans. Princesses of this polity include Gilu-Kheba and Tadu-Kheba and were used in marriage alliances between it and Egypt, and the murder of one ruler of this kingdom by his own son Kurtiwaza and others was regarded by Amartana of the ``Khurri Land'' as a sign of Teshub's judgment that Tushratta was a usurper. Tushratta had overseen the destruction of this kingdom and the sack of its capital at the hands of the Hittite king Shuppiluliumash. For 10 points, identify this empire that ruled from the capital Washshukanni, held northern Syria and Mesopotamia, and was populated by ethnic Hurrians.
Answer: Mitanni [or Nakhrima; or Naharina; accept Hurrians before it is read]
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One character in this play recommends a glass of schnapps with a pinch of powder for the main character's insomniac notion that the walls are speaking, as both occupy the same bed. At this work's beginning, that character is cutting canes in the undergrowth with Andres when he notices a part of the grass where a decapitated head once resembled a hedgehog. A pooping horse rendered the remark to ``be natural,'' but his doctor, who is angry at him for the natural act of pissing against a wall, asks him to do it in a bottle to evaluate his diet of peas. Later, the protagonist notices ``The moon's like a bloody knife!'' as he stands in a pool of water. For 10 points, after discovering an affair with the Drum Major, the title character murders his wife Marie in what posthumously performed and fragmented play by Georg Buchner?
Answer: Woyzeck
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A descendant of Inachus and Acrisius, a work by Moschus describes this figure's enormous shield that depicts the story of another relation, Io. At one point this mythological figure escalates the wounding of a pet deer into a bloody confrontation; shortly thereafter this figure opposes the giants, Bitias and Pandarus, in battle. This figure, who wears a triple crested helmet, inadvertently provokes a deadly rage after seizing a particular sword belt. Aided during battle by such allies as the doomed Lausus and the swift footed Camilla, a queen of the Volsci, this figure's sister, a water nymph, helps him throughout his campaign. But Juturna is not the only one to save him, as his life is also spared when a phantom is conjured up by Juno in order to keep him from his rival. This son of Venilia and killer of Pallas has his engagement interrupted when Latinus chooses a Trojan hero for the hand of his daughter. For 10 points, identify this legendary warrior of the Rutulians, who was spurned by Lavinia and killed by Aeneas.
Answer: Turnus
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One ruler of this name and number conquered the lands of Rainald of Spoleto as part of his campaign against Frederick II's Italian holdings. That same ruler served as the regent for Baldwin II of the Latin Empire and was a king of Jerusalem from Brienne. Another ruler of this name and number saw his succession contested between a namesake son and Ferdinand I; that ruler was elected king following the battle of Mohacs. Another ruler of this name and number contended with John of Gaunt for his throne and lost at the battle of Aljubarrota to another ruler of this name and number. The latter ruler founded the Aviz dynasty and fathered Henry the Navigator. For 10 points, this is what name and number which is also sometimes used to identify a certain ``land-lacking'' king of England and brother of Richard the Lionheart?
Answer: John I [or Janos I; or Juan I; or Joao I]
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This thinker compiled a didactic set of essays on education and religion originally attributed to Lady Mary Wray. That work, The Ladies Library, preceded a piece on Mt. Vesuvius and a work with a Latin title analyzing the nature of motion. He expressed an interest in monetary reform in The Querist and in another essay penned the line, ``Westward the course of empire takes its way.''In addition to criticizing the theory of fluxions, he argued against Malebranche's representationalist theories by positing that because we perceive objects, but can only immediately perceive ideas, it is virtually impossible for an object to exist outside of the mind. That idea, now known as ``the master argument,'' was elaborated upon in a work written ``in opposition to Skeptics and Atheists,'' as a supplement to his 1710 work Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge. For 10 points, identify this Bishop of Cloyne who wrote The Analyst and Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous.
Answer: George Berkeley
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During an event of a certain Brick Lane Branch in this novel, a melody from the Old Hundredth, written by Charles Dibdin, is used for a poem when one character is asked by his father what Anthony Humm means by the phrase ``soft sex.'' That son, who later looks intently at the dashing and partially dressed Mr. Smangle, is Samuel Weller. The son is incarcerated in Fleet Prison after losing a trial to Mrs. Bardell. ``Speculations on the Source of the Hampstead Ponds, with some Observations on the Theory of Tittlebats'' is a document that is read out-loud at the beginning of, for 10 points, what novel concerning the adventures of misters Snodgrass, Tupman, and Winkle as members of a London association along with the titular chairman, by Charles Dickens?
Answer: The Pickwick Papers [or The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club]
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This man's military victories included the conquest of the Thuringians and a defeat of Alaric II. An ally of the Byzantine emperor Anastasius I, he patronized the first written version of the Salic Law. One of the first areas he conquered was the province of Belgia Secunda. Late in his reign, he was converted and baptized by Remigius. Gregory of Tours casts one of this man's late battles, a clash with Visigoths at Vouille, as a crusade against Arianism. He arose as ruler of the Salians following the death of his father Childeric. For 10 points, identify this king who united Gaul in the late fifth century, the husband of Clothilde who became the founder of the Merovingian Dynasty.
Answer: Clovis I
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This molecule's receptor, which is degraded by PCSK9, contains three EGF-like domains sandwiched around a beta-propeller domain. The gene for that receptor is activated by the bHLH fragment of SREBP. Endocytosis of this molecule can induce macrophages to become foam cells. ASPs can inhibit a reaction in which copper ions oxidize this molecule; an important step in that reaction is the modification of apoprotein B-100. Ezitimibe is one drug that reduces the amount of this molecule in the body; however, it is much more effective when used with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, or statins. For 10 points, name this molecule responsible for depositing cholesterol on artery walls, sometimes referred to as the ``bad'' cholesterol.
Answer: LDL [or low-density lipoprotein; prompt on cholesterol until mentioned]
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One structure at this site features Giovanni Sogliani's Madonna on the left hand side of the pier, offset by Andrea del Sarto's St. Agnes on the right hand side. That building's bronze doors were rebuilt in Giambologna's workshop after a fire gutted much of the complex in 1595. Rainaldo built the facade, thus continuing the work of the original architect, Buschetto. Visitors usually enter the site through the Bonnanus designed Porta di San Ranieri, which opens onto the courtyard and a more well known structure. A pair of lions, accompanied by statues of Michael and Hercules, supports the columns of the main building's large ornate pulpit, which was designed by Giovanni Pisano. It also features a 16th century bronze lamp that was said to have inspired some well known experiments at this site by Galileo. For 10 points, identify this cathedral in the Piazza dei Miracoli, best known for its campanile, a famed Leaning Tower.
Answer: Pisa Cathedral [or Duomo di Pisa or Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta or Cathedral of St. Mary of the Assumption or Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption]
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Rutgers
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This kind of rock includes a dense laminated variety known as "geyserite". For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mineral which forms when hot silica-containing water precipitates at the surface to form a geyser cone. It often accumulates in angular ledge-like layers around a hot spring.
Answer: sinters
[10] Sinters are frequent deposits of these steam vents, which release volcanic gases into the atmosphere. They're known as solfataras when they emit sulfurous agents.
Answer: fumaroles
[10] A common source of silica is quartz and feldspar in this felsic volcanic rock, which shares the same mineralogy as its intrusive equivalent granite.
Answer: rhyolite
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Many felt that this man had stepped into the political arena with a letter from Harrison's Landing in 1862, his so-called ``Woodward Letter'' supporting a Democrat in Pennsylvania. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this general who was then leading the Army of the Potomac on the Peninsular Campaign and who, after being shelved, became the Democratic presidential candidate in 1864.
Answer: George Brinton McClellan
[10] When McClellan did not become the Democratic nominee for governor of Ohio in 1863, the spot went to this man, who conducted his campaign from exile in Ontario.
Answer: Clement Laird Vallandigham
[10] While McClellan was awaiting reassignment, he befriended this editor and owner of the Democratic New York World. In 1864, this man was arrested and his newspaper temporarily shut down for unwittingly publishing forged conscription orders.
Answer: Manton Marble
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He wrote the story ``The Casuarina Tree'' and the novels Catalina and Then and Now later in his life. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this British author, who wrote about Charles Strickland, who decides to become a painter in Tahiti but dies of leprosy, in The Moon and Sixpence.
Answer: William Somerset Maugham
[10] W. Somerset Maugham crated this character, who is the titular ``British Agent'' for a collection of six stories that includes ``The Hairless Mexican'' and ``The Greek,'' based on his own experiences in Switzerland and Russia during World War I.
Answer: Ashenden
[10] Ashenden is a name that recurs in this novel as a character who reexamines the life of the dead Edward Driffield, a Victorian author supposedly based on Thomas Hardy, with his greedy pal Alroy Kear and Driffield's second wife.
Answer: Cakes and Ale; or The Skeleton in the Cupboard
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Composed in first person singular, it was intended as a response to Jacobi's public repudiation of its author's Wissenschaftslehre. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work published in 1800, which argued against the rationalists and the empiricists by asserting that both reason and perception depend on an act of will, which in turn allows for the freedom to lead a moral life.
Answer: The Vocation of Man or Die Bestimmung des Menschen
[10] Some eight years after publishing the Vocation of Man, Johann Fichte delivered these patriotic lectures. They were concerned with what it means to belong to a state and the relationship between language and citizenship.
Answer: Addresses to the German Nation or Letters to the German Nation or Reden an die deutsche Nation
[10] In this work Fichte attempts to show the implications of his "system of freedom" through a speculative philosophy of history.
Answer: The Characteristics of the Present Age or Die Grundzuge des gegenwartigen Zeitalters
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In 1978, Georgi Markov was stabbed by an umbrella tipped with this poison. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poison derived from castor beans, which can cause difficulty breathing and pulmonary edema when the disulfide bridge between its A and B chains breaks.
Answer: ricin
[10] Ricin is a type of this toxin that acts by inhibiting eukaryotic cells from manufacturing proteins; thus, the cell dies from lack of proteins.
Answer: toxalbumin [accept lectin]
[10] Ricin works by hydrolyzing an adenine ring in the 28S rRNA by sandwiching it between two loops named after this amino acid. Certain receptors important in signal transduction pathways are known as this amino acid's receptor kinases.
Answer: tyrosine
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Near the end of this novel, the composer Edward Bast suffers a nervous breakdown after the title character listens to Bach's twenty-first cantata, but thinks that the singers are saying "Up yours, up mine." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about an eleven-year-old surnamed Vansant who parlays a shipment of Army forks into a gigantic paper empire, leading to the collapse of the stock market.
Answer: J R
[10] J R is written by this American author of A Frolic of His Own, Carpenter's Gothic, and The Recognitions.
Answer: William Gaddis
[10] Bast spends the entirety of J R attempting to compose a piece based on "Locksley Hall," a poem by this author of Idylls of the King and In Memoriam A.H.H.
Answer: Lord Alfred Tennyson
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One central character in this opera declares his love in the aria "O del mio dolce ardor." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1770 opera in which the protagonist is urged by Erasto to seduce a foreign queen.
Answer: Paris and Helen (accept Paride ed Elena)
[10] In this opera, the protagonist expresses her anger at Diana in the aria ``Je t'implore et je tremble'' shortly before Thoas is climactically slain by Pylades and forgiveness is granted to everyone.
Answer: Iphigenia in Tauris (accept Iphigenia en Tauride)
[10] Paris and Helen and Iphigenia in Tauris are operas by this German composer who collaborated with Ranieri de' Calzabigi on his reform operas, the most famous of which is Orpheus and Euridice.
Answer: Christoph Willibald Gluck
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This figure is usually depicted sitting on a throne wearing robes embroidered with dragons, for 10 points each.,
[10] According to one myth, he established the size of rice and cotton so that they would not go to waste among the smaller creatures. Identify this figure, the supreme ruler of heaven according to Daoist myth.
Answer: Jade Emperor [or Yudi or Yuhuang Dadi or Yuhuang Shangdi]
[10] Originally a terrifying tiger woman, she became known as the "Queen Mother of the West" and as the consort of the Jade Emperor. She was attended by three legged birds at her abode in the Kunlun Mountains.
Answer: Xi Wang Mu [or Wang Mu]
[10] Xi Wang Mu is sometimes depicted riding this sort of animal associated with the fabulous creature Feng Huang. It was also the chosen mount of Karttikeya or Skanda.
Answer: peacock
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The Epistle of Othea is a collection of 99 lyric poems, together with allegorical interpretations, by this writer. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this medieval Italo-French author, whose other works include the lengthy The Changes of Fortune, as well as a namesake ``vision'' and The Book of the City of Women, which defended, through the appeal to exemplars, her own sex.
Answer: Christine de Pizan [or Christine]
[10] Christine also wrote, in the style of courtly love poetry, this work, in which Cupid addresses an assembly of God concerning the slander that French women face in the literature of their day.
Answer: Letter to the God of Love [or Letter from the God of Love; or L'Epistre au Dieu d'Amours]
[10] The Letter to the God of Love was written as part of the Querelle concerning this earlier medieval work, an allegory about the wooing of women started by Guillaume de Lorris, but finished with misogynistic additions by Jean de Meun.
Answer: The Romance of the Rose [or Roman de la Rose; or The Romaunt of the Rose]
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The song "I Fought the Law" became a highlight of The Clash and the The Dead Kennedys' reportoires, but was originally recorded in 1959. For 10 points each:,
[10] The song was a hit in 1966 for this band, which also recorded "Let Her Dance" and "Never to Be Forgotten" before their lead singer and namesake died of a drug overdose.
Answer: The Bobby Fuller Four
[10] The song was originally recorded by this group after the death of their original lead singer, Buddy Holly.
Answer: The Crickets
[10] This Buddy Holly song promises "my love is bigger than a Cadillac" and "you're gonna give-a your love to me" in between choruses about a love that is "for real."
Answer: "Not Fade Away"
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For 10 points each, answer question concerning antiparticles.,
[10] Positrons were conceived of as holes and negative energy solutions in this theoretical construct, conceived of by the formulator of a relativistic equation that first predicted their existence.
Answer: The Dirac Sea
[10] This is the name for hypothetical mechanisms by which the early universe came to have an imbalance of matter and anti-matter.
Answer: baryogenesis
[10] Baryon number violation, C and CP-symmetry violation, and departure from thermal equilibrium are the three requirements for baryogenesis elucidated by this Russian physicist and known as his "conditions".
Answer: Andrei Sakharov
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When the nationalist popular front Ademon Nykhas was banned in 1990, war began in this breakaway region. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this region with capital at Tskhinvali, which, along with Abkhazia, was a major part of the brief summer 2008 war between Russia and Georgia
Answer: South Ossetia [prompt on Ossetia]
[10] Like their southern counterparts, North Ossetians faced internal clashes in the early 1990s with this Muslim ethnic group, which seeks to regain the Prigorodny District and part of the city of Vladikavkaz that it lost in a 1944 internal deportation.
Answer: Ingush
[10] North Ossetia has also suffered from the conflicts of its neighbors, as when, in August 2004, a group of Ingush and Chechens took over a school with 1200 hostages in this North Ossetian city. Over three hundred were killed in the ensuing battle.
Answer: Beslan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The application of common law to native peoples who have no experiences with it was developed in British and Canadian case law through Regina v. Machekequonabe, in which an Ojibwe was convicted for murdering one of these creatures. For 10 points:,
[10] Name these ice-hearted, cannibalistic monsters of Algonquian myth, who often appear during times of famine.
Answer: Wendigo [or Windago; or Windiga; or Witiko]
[10] Lou Marano has said that the wendigo developed as a ``secondary function'' to reinforce institutions more directly tied to biological needs, a concept explored by Malinowski in this posthumous work, finished in 1944 by Malinowski's widow.
Answer: A Scientific Theory of Culture
[10] This British-born painter was the wife of Malinowski who finished A Scientific Theory of Culture.
Answer: Valetta Swann [or Anna Valetta Hayman-Joyce]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He wrote Arithmetic Disquisitions and his namesake curvature is zero on Euclidean space and one over a squared for a sphere. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mathematician who also lends his name to a constant that represents the reciprocal of the arithmetic-geometric mean of 1 and the square root of 2.
Answer: Carl Friedrich Gauss
[10] Gauss proved this important arithmetic law first proposed by Euler and Legendre. It states that if p and q are distinct odd prime numbers, then there are two congruences that are both or neither solvable unless both p and q leave 3 as the remainder when divided by 4.
Answer: law or theorem of quadratic reciprocity
[10] Gauss' doctoral thesis contained one of the earliest proofs of this theorem stating that the field of complex numbers is closed.
Answer: textbf{uline{Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Due to heavy rains and volcanic and tectonic stresses, the flank of Morne aux Diables on this island's north shore is considered a major landslide and tsunami hazard, threatening Guadeloupe's southern coast. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this island nation, whose highest peak is the similarly named volcano Morne Diabolins, part of the Lesser Antilles, with capital at Roseau.
Answer: Dominica
[10] Similar to Guadeloupe, Dominica's southern coast is threatened by potential flank failure-induced tsunamis from this volcano on the island of Martinique. It is noted for a 1902 eruption which destroyed the city of St. Pierre.
Answer: Mt. Pelee
[10] The recent resuscitation of the Soufriere Hills volcano on this island has increased concerns about tsunamis from flank failures, but more especially due to the collapse of lava domes, such as at Cascade Peak, which threatens Antigua.
Answer: Montserrat
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Early British composers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This author of Plain and Easy Introduction to Practical Music and editor of The Triumphs of Oriana composed April is in my mistress's face, an example of the style he originated and promoted, the English madrigal.
Answer: Thomas Morley
[10] Morley studied under this pupil of Tallis and organist at the Chapel Royal who composed the keyboard collection Clarifica Me, Pater and the numerous motets in his collections Gradualia and Cantiones.
Answer: William Byrd
[10] This suicidal student of John Blow collaborated with Richard Leveridge and Daniel Purcell on The Island Princess but is best known for his Trumpet Voluntary, which was actually a harpsichord piece called The Prince of Denmark's March.
Answer: Jeremiah Clarke
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about strained racial relations in Canadian history, for 10 points each.,
[10] 1800 saw a mutiny instigated by the ``United Irish'' among a small garrison of soldiers in the capital of this colony, then ruled by the Navy. Suppression of the uprising was aided by this colony's first Irish bishop, Louis O'Donel.
Answer: Newfoundland
[10] This militantly anti-English group's killing of Pierre Laporte in 1970 led to the October Crisis, in which Pierre Trudeau deployed military forces to restore order.
Answer: FLQ [or Front de liberation du Quebec; or Quebec Liberation Front]
[10] French discontent in Lower Canada became open revolt when Parliament issued these ten responses to Louis Papineau's Ninety-Two Resolutions and Governor Gosford's proposal. They are named for the then-leader of the House of Commons.
Answer: Russell Resolutions
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Several major characters in African literature share an occupation with the title figure of Okello Oculi's Prostitute. For 10 points each:,
[10] Chief Ofubara, Uncle Taiwo, and the young teacher Freddie, who also has an affair with Nancy, are among the lovers of Jagua Nana, the title character of the most successful novel by this Nigerian.
Answer: Cyprian Ekwensi
[10] After leaving her first child in a latrine, one prostitute in this novel cannot become pregnant, until she takes Abdullah as a lover. The titular images of this novel are produced after the destruction of the Ilmarog brothel of that prostitute, Wanja.
Answer: Petals of Blood [by Ngugi Wa Thiongo]
[10] Adaku becomes independent and pays for the education of her daughters by becoming a prostitute, while her co-wife, Nnu Ego, who adheres to tradition, dies impoverished and alone despite her many sons, in this novel by Buchi Emecheta.
Answer: The Joys of Motherhood
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Painted in shades of brown, beige, and gray, it was first exhibited in 1875, for 10 points each.,
[10] Identify this work which depicts the artist's own Paris apartment and focuses on the three title figures who are working while stripped to their waists and on their knees.
Answer: The Floor Scrapers
[10] In addition to The Floor Scrapers, this man, who was influenced by photography, did several city scenes, including one set at the Gare Saint-Lazare intersection entitled Paris Street; Rainy Day.
Answer: Gustave Caillebotte
[10] This fellow artist depicted Gustave Caillebotte in his work Luncheon of the Boating Party.
Answer: Pierre-August Renoir
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, answer the following about the history of Christianity in Japan.,
[10] Sometimes called the Apostle of the Far East, this Jesuit missionary worked among the Paravas of India before moving further east and eventually converting large numbers of Japanese.
Answer: Francis Xavier [or Francisco Xavier]
[10] This revolt, centered on the namesake peninsula, was given religious motivations after the Christian inhabitants of Amira rose against the oppressive taxation policies of the Tokugawa shogunate.
Answer: Shimabara Rebellion
[10] One of the first Christian martyrdoms in Japan involved twenty-six Franciscans and converts who were mutilated and put to death in Kyoto by Hideyoshi following this incident. The namesake Spanish galleon of this incident, sailing from the Philippines to Mexico, was wrecked on Shikoku and scavenged by locals, who paid a tribute to Hideyoshi.
Answer: San Felipe affair
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Everyone loves that damned Michaelis-Menten equation, but no one actually wants to use it. For 10 points each, name these linearizations of that model of enzyme kinetics.,
[10] This plot is sometimes called the double reciprocal plot because it plots the reciprocal of reaction rate versus the reciprocal of substrate concentration. Its y-intercept is the reciprocal of the maximum rate and its x-incercept is the negative reciprocal of the Michaelis constant.
Answer: Lineweaver-Burk plot
[10] This other doubly-eponymous plot plots the reaction rate versus the ratio of reaction rate to substrate concentration. Its slope is the Michaelis constant and its y-intercept is the maximum rate.
Answer: Eadie-Hofstee plot
[10] This plot, often used in ligand-receptor kinetics, plots the ratio of bound to free substrate concentration versus the concentration of bound substrate.
Answer: Scatchard plot [or Scatchard analysis, equation, etc.; or Rosenthal plot, analysis, equation, etc.; or Rosenthal-Scatchard plot, analysis, equation, etc.]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The narrator is given a copy of the manuscript ``Confessions of a Suprasensual Man'' upon inquiring about a painting. For 10 points each:,
[10] Severin von Kusiemski agrees to become the sexual slave of Wanda von Dunajew so that he can feel the satisfaction of getting mercilessly whipped in what work by the Austrian Leopold von Sacher-Masoch?
Answer: Venus in Furs [accept Venus im Pelz]
[10] Another occurrence of whipping was done by Catherine the Great at an orgy in the History of Juliette, by this author. He also wrote The 120 Days of Sodom and Justine.
Answer: Marquis de Sade
[10] Sadism and masochism appear in this Jean Racine tragedy where the teenage Emperor Nero poisons the title character at a banquet and executes him because Nero sadistically adores Junia, who later escapes to become a Vestal Virgin.
Answer: Britannicus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following related to ancestor worship, for 10 points each.,
[10] Meaning ``fortnight of the ancestors'', this is a period of extreme saddh or sraddha, or lineal ancestor veneration, among Hindus. Also called Kanagata, this period sees such rituals as the pindan, in which grain-balls are offered to the deceased.
Answer: Pitr Paksha [or Pitr Paksh]
[10] Offerings are made on makeshift altars, known as ``ofrendas," that are often decorated with traditional marigolds and cockscombs during this Mexican celebration.
Answer: Day of the Dead [or Dia de los Muertos or Diaz de Muertos; prompt on ``Todos Santos'']
[10] Among these North American natives, whose individual communities include the Taos and the Hopi, the dead were believed to become one with their mythical forefathers, the kachmas.
Answer: Pueblo people or Indians
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about Italian territorial claims after World War I, for 10 points each.,
[10] Italy pressed claims for the Adriatic port of Valona or Vlora, the original capital of this country. Because of the Italian presence in this city, Ahmed Zogu organized resistance in Tirana, driving out the Italians who returned in 1939.
Answer: Albania
[10] Though not included in the Treaty of London, after World War I, Italy claimed this city, now known as Rijeka in Croatia. A free state was established here afterwards.
Answer: Fiume [or Carnaro]
[10] Originally ceded to Italy in the Treaty of Ouchy, Italy argued that its claim to these islands was recognized in the Treaty of London in 1915. They were formally annexed as the Isole Italiane del'Egeo in 1923.
Answer: The Dodecanese

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