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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Magin
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One figure worshiped in this religion causes people to shout "My testicles are cold" in order to demand a strong drink. This religion refers to historical attempts to destroy it as "deshoukaj." Priests in this religion use a sacred rattle called an ason, and people become part of this religion through kanzo initiation. Most adherents of this religion practice its Rada variety, which believes in kind, healing deities, unlike its Petro variety. Its members believe that when people die, their surviving family members keep their immortal spirits in clay jars called govi. Its priests are known as houngan, and its members worship a single God, Bondye. It believes in spirits that speak through believers by "mounting" them, such as Erzulie, Agwe, Baron Samedi, and Legba. Worship of loas is central to, for 10 points, what official religion of Haiti?
Answer: Voodoo [or Vodoun]
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Two characters in this novel encounter Jose Luis Borges on the street and repeatedly insult his prose. As a child, one character in this novel entertains himself by catching sparrows and poking needles in their eyes. That character writes a paranoid novel accusing blind people of conspiring to rule the world in its third section, "Report on the Blind." This novel's main plot is intertwined with an italicized account of the last days of General Juan Galo de Lavalle. In this novel, Fernando is murdered by his daughter, who then commits suicide by immolation. That woman, Alejandra Olmos, is the object of Martin Castillo's obsessions. Set during the rule of Juan Peron, for 10 points, name this novel, the magnum opus of Ernesto Sabato.
Answer: On Heroes and Tombs[or Sobre heroes y tumbas]
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This emperor rebuilt the Giant Wild Goose Pagoda, and erected a wordless monument at Qianling Mausoleum. According to legend, during this emperor's rule, Zhou Xing told Lai Chun-ch'en that the best way to get a prisoner to admit a crime is to put him on a hot iron vat, after which Lai ordered Zhou to sit on one. In response to accusations of witchcraft, this future emperor accused Shangguan Yi and Li Zhong of treason, resulting in their deaths. Li Ching-yeh led a rebellion against this emperor, whose rule was supported by the Zhang brothers. This ruler gave orders behind a curtain in the name of Emperor Zhongzhong and Emperor Ruizhong before founding the Second Zhou dynasty in 690. For 10 points, name this Tang dynasty ruler who led China during the second half of the seventh century, a female empress.
Answer: EmpressWuZetian
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The second of this man's namesake functions is sometimes approximated as x minus the log of two pi. That the remainder when dividing prime numbers by 4 is more likely to be 3 than 1 is called this man's ``bias''. His namesake distance operation is sometimes called the chessboard distance, and his two namesake polynomial sequences, symbolized T sub n and U sub n, have recursive definitions, as they are solutions to his namesake differential equation. He names a relation which was actually formulated by Bienayme and states that no more than one over k squared of the total values are more than k standard deviations away from the mean of any probability distribution. For 10 points, name this Russian mathematician best known for that namesake inequality.
Answer: Pafnuty Chebyshev
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Hans Phaf created a connectionist model of this concept, SLAM. Eriksen and St. James developed the zoom-lens model of this concept in contrast to the spotlight model of it. According to Anne Treisman's model of this concept, selected features are assimilated into a saliency map. That model is known as feature integration theory. The Stroop effect occurs because of interference with this concept. Daniel Simons and Christopher Chabris demonstrated this concept's "blindness" in an experiment in which fifty percent of subjects did not perceive a person in a gorilla suit because they were counting the number of times that teams passed a basketball. For 10 points, name this psychological concept which William James defined as the mind's possession "of one out of...several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought," whose deficit leads to a disorder found in hyperactive children.
Answer: attention [accept word forms]
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This actor played Abner Snopes in a 1980 TV adaptation of "Barn Burning." This actor played a man who goes unarmed into the Oregon woods to confront the unbalanced assassin Aaron Hallam in The Hunted. He directed a film in which Mike Norton kills the title character, then is forced to dig him up and take him to Jimenez by Pete Perkins. The director of The Three Burials of Melquiades Estrada, this actor described waking up after dreaming of his father riding on ahead to make a fire in "all that dark, all that cold" in a 2007 movie starring this actor as Sheriff Ed Tom Bell. He played Colonel Hayes Hodge in Rules of Engagement and portrayed a marshall trying to capture Dr. Richard Kimble in the 1993 movie The Fugitive. For 10 points, name this actor who played Agent K, the mentor of Will Smith's Agent J, in Men in Black, and attempted to track down Anton Chigurh in No Country For Old Men.
Answer: Tommy Lee Jones
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One variation on this reaction proceeds via the Smiles rearrangement. Poly-$beta$-leucine acts as a catalyst in an epoxidation reaction named after Colonna and this reaction's namesake. Keck et al. demonstrated that when samarium (II) iodide is used in the second step of this reaction, deuterium from a deuterated methanol solvent is not incorporated into the final product, in contrast to the use of a sodium amalgam in that second step. A variant that eliminates that second step is partially named after Kocienski. An alcohol intermediate is formed in its first step via the addition of a phenyl sulfone to an aldehyde or ketone. For 10 points, name this alternative to the Schlosser modification of the Wittig reaction for producing (E)-alkenes.
Answer: Julia-Lythgoe Olefination [accept Julia-Kocienski Olefination before ``second,'' but do not accept or prompt afterwards]
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In an erotic novel by this author, the genie Cucufa gives Sultan Mangogul a silver ring that causes women's vulvas to describe their sexual experiences. This author illustrated his belief that theatre should teach virtue with a play about Saint-Albin, who convinces M. d'Orbesson to allow him to marry the lower-class girl Sophie,The Family Father. This author wrote a novel set in Longchamp where Suzanne is initiated into lesbian debauchery by her Mother Superior. Inspired byTristram Shandy, this author wrote a novel narrated by a character who describes how being shot in the knee caused him to fall in love with Denise. This author ofThe Indiscreet JewelsandThe Nunalso wrote a satiric dialogue named for the composer ofHippolyte and Aricie. For 10 points, name this eighteenth century French author ofJacques the FatalistandRameau's Nephew, the chief editor of the Encyclopedie.
Answer: DenisDiderot
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This ruler asserted that he wanted serious opposition in future presidential elections in an interview with James Creelman, which inspired the underground movements that would later unseat him. Nicolas Zuniga y Miranda was the longtime opponent of this leader, who ruled by the principle of "pan o palo," or "bread or the stick." His advisors included disciples of Gabino Barreda such as finance minister Jose Limantour and Ramon Corral, and were known as the cientificos. He rose to power by winning the Battle of Tecoac and subsequently drafting the Plan of Tuxtepec against Sebastian Lerdo de Tejada. This dictator established the rurales, and he fled to Europe after a rebellion led by a man eventually overthrown by Victoriano Huerta, Francisco Madero. For 10 points, name this longtime dictator of Mexico who ruled from 1876 to 1880 and 1884 to 1911.
Answer: Jose de la Cruz PorfirioDiaz
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According to Pausanias, one of this woman's daughters married Oebalus after the death of her first husband Perieres, making that daughter the first woman to marry a second time. One of this woman's sons exiled Amphitryon from Mycenae for killing Electryon. According to Ovid's Metamorphoses, this woman's husband fought and defeated Thescelus and Ampyx during his battle for the right to marry her. This mother of Sthenelos and Gorgophone was betrothed to Phineus, but instead married a man who killed Cetus. After consulting the oracle of Ammon, her father Cepheus agreed to respond to a threatening flood-tide by abandoning her in Jaffa. Her mother boasted that she was the most beautiful of all the Nereids, causing this Ethiopian princess to be chained to a rock. For 10 points, name this daughter of Cassiopeia, who was rescued by the hero who slew the Gorgon, Perseus.
Answer: Andromeda
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Phosphorylation of serine and threonine residues in PEST domains activates this process when it is mediated by calpains, and when mediated by the von Hippel-Lindau complex, a leucine at position 574 of HIF-1$alpha$ is necessary. Ti and La are ATPases that perform this process in E. coli, and this process can also be performed using phenyl isothiocyanate. The cathepsins perform this process in lysosomes. An artificial version of this process uses phenyl isothiocyanate in a method named for a Swedish scientist. The F-box protein binds to proteins destined for this process to allow for ubiquitination. For 10 points, name this process whose ``Edman'' variety allows for protein sequencing, the breaking down of proteins.
Answer: degradation [prompt on proteolysis; do not accept ``ubiquitination'']
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A cartoon about this event depicts a lion stepping on a fox above a half-donkey, half-key peering out from a pit. George Bliss and Benjamin Brewster helped uncover evidence of this event, and key testimony about it was provided by Montfort C. Rerdell. Thomas James asked P. J. Woodward to lead the investigation into this scandal, which focused on contracts that represented the phrase ``certainty, celerity and security'' with three asterisks. At trial, Robert Ingersoll defended the perpetrators of this scandal, who included Thomas Brady and former senator Stephen Dorsey. The investigation of this scandal was interrupted by the assassination of James Garfield. For 10 points, name this 1882 scandal in which corrupt members of the post office created fictitious accounts.
Answer: Star Route Scandal
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Joshua Reynolds's portrait of Mrs. Bouverie and Mrs. Crewe was inspired by the main theme of several paintings with this title. One painting with this title depicts two figures identical to men watching from a forest in its artist'sApollo Flaying Marsyas, who look at a fly and a mouse next to a skull. Besides that painting by Guercino, another painting of this name depicts Alpheus spilling an urn full of water. According to Erwin Panofsky'sMeaning and the Visual Arts, the central subject of a more famous painting of this name is not a mere death's-head, but mortality itself. In that painting of this name, a woman in a yellow cloak stands in a pastoral landscape next to three men attempting to make out an inscription on a sarcophagus. For 10 points, identify the shared name of two paintings by Nicholas Poussin which depict shepherds discovering a grave.
Answer: Et in Arcadia Ego
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One speech in this play asserts that "the Devil isn't made by what mummy says and daddy says. The Devil'sthere. It's an old-fashioned word, but a true thing." In another scene, the protagonist remembers working in a store and being overwhelmed by customers asking for brand names like Philco, Hoover, and Remington. One character in this play dreams of being a priest in Homeric Greece and slicing open children in Argos. In its second act, this play's protagonist recalls finding his father, a socialist named Frank, watching an erotic movie after taking a pill he believes to be truth serum, which causes him to describe his failed sexual encounter with Jill. At the end of the first act, the protagonist strips naked and ecstatically worships Nugget in the presence of psychologist Martin Dysart. For 10 points, name this play about Alan Strang, who enters therapy after using a steel spike to blind six horses, written by Peter Shaffer.
Answer: Equus
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This city is home to sites like Iguana Park and the Cristal Palace, located a short distance from the monument La Rotonda, which commemorates a famous meeting here. Its buildings include a university named in honor of Vicente Rocafuerte and those in its historical district Las Penas. To its northwest is the town of Jipijapa, while the northeast features cities like Babahoyo and Milagro, and larger towns in the north include Portoviejo and Riobamba. South of this city lies Puna Island, which is located in its namesake gulf. That gulf is fed by the Tumbes and Zarumilla rivers and has its waters cooled by the Humboldt current. For 10 points, name this South American port city, the largest and most populous city in Ecuador.
Answer: Guayaquil
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Six types of these formations have been listed by Robert Riding, including tufa and skeletal. First coined in name by Kalkowsky in 1908, one group of them, Conophyton, is characteristic of Late Precambrian sequences. The study of fossilized ones in general was driven by a discovery of Stanley Tyler and Elso Barghoorn in the Gunflint Formation, where these have created a namesake form of chert. A rare example of a living one of these can be seen at Shark Bay in Australia. Similar to calcretes, these organosedimentary structures typically form when cyanobacteria present in algal mats acts to trap and laminate sediment in thread-like filaments on the floor of a body of water. For 10 points, name these formations which provide the oldest macroscopic evidence of life on Earth, whose name comes from the Greek for "stony carpet."
Answer: stromatolites
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This book labels the choice between dogmatism, infinite regress, and psychologism the "trilemma of Fries," and resolves that problem by asserting the need to stop at accepted "basic statements." Its eighth chapter builds on the work of Richard von Mises to develop a frequency theory of probability. This book proposes an experiment involving a monochromatic beam of particles to rebut the idea that "precise single predictions are impossible" in its section "Some Observations on Quantum Theory." It argues that "universal" statements cannot be disproven by "existential" ones, and attempts to replace inductive theories with deductive ones that rely on testing by corroboration. For 10 points, name this book which asserts that theories are only rigorous if they are falsifiable, written by Karl Popper.
Answer: TheLogic of Scientific Discovery [or Logik der Forschung]
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One signer of this treaty crushed the Stellinga Uprising. One year after this treaty was signed, its central figures promised their continued cooperation in a meeting at Yutz. An alliance formed at the Oaths of Strasbourg led to the signing of this treaty, which was modified by the Treaty of Meersen. One signatory of this treaty was given land west of the Scheldt, Meuse, and Saone rivers. Signed two years after the Battle of Fontenay, this treaty gave another of its signees land from the North Sea to Italy, and created the divisions of East and West Francia. Signed by the sons of Louis the Pius, for 10 points, name this treaty which divided the Carolingian Empire among Louis the German, Charles the Bald, and Lothair in 843.
Answer: Treaty of Verdun
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This composer used a scherzo in 7/4 time to set a hymn with the refrain "Brothers rise and join the throng," "Song of the Frogs." This composer incorporated the folk song "If All the World Were Paper" into the allegro movement of his Opus 40, A Fugal Concerto. In one of his works, a mixed chorus sings agitated pleas in 5/4 time, and is answered in 5/2 time by a reassuring "master," who sings "I am Mind of all." He composed "Dance of the Marionette" and "Dance Under the Cherry Tree" for a work commissioned by Michito Ito, theJapanese Suite. This composer used an anvil to provide the rhythm of his "Song of the Blacksmith," the third movement of a suite ending with a "Fantasy on the Dargason," the Second Suite for Military Band. He adapted gnostic texts from the Apocryphal Acts of St John into his Hymn of Jesus, and composed a tone poem named for a location in The Return of the Native. For 10 points, name this English composer of Egdon Heath, St. Paul's Suite, and The Planets.
Answer: GustavHolst
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In one of this author's poems, a speaker "running with joy on the Demon's trail" hears "a sleepy sound, but mocking half / As of one who utterly couldn't care." In addition to "The Demiurge's Laugh," this author wrote that "all who hide too well away / Must speak and tell us where they are" in a poem asserting "We make ourselves a place apart / behind light words that tease and flout," "Revelation." In another of this author's poems, a woman cries "But the world's evil. I won't have grief so / If I can change it" and attempts to leave her house, only to be told "I'll follow and bring you back by force. I will---" by her husband. The speaker of one of this poet's sonnets asks "What was that whiteness? / Truth? A pebble of quartz?" before concluding "For once, then, something." He wrote "Then leaf subsides to leaf. / So Eden sank to grief" in a poem about the mutability of nature, "Nothing Gold Can Stay." For 10 points, name this American poet of "Home Burial," who wrote about having "miles to go before I sleep" in "Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening."
Answer: RobertFrost
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Hans Hendrik Andersen demonstrated that the stopping power of these objects does not follow the Bethe formula, a result that proved the existence of the Barkas effect, and they are the cause of both pleochroic halos and of mineral metamictization. The last step in the CNO cycle creates a carbon atom and one of these. These are only associated with elements heavier than tellurium. Timothy May discovered that emission of these from DRAM can cause soft errors in microprocessor operations, and the Geiger-Nuttall law relates the life of an isotope to the production of these. For 10 points, identify these particles that escape from radioactive elements via quantum tunneling and Coulomb repulsion, which were used in Rutherford's gold foil experiment and are identical to a helium-4 nucleus.
Answer: alpha particles
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A Senator in this novel urges America to "return to a true Free Enterprise System, which has the sink-or-swim justice of Caesar Augustus built into it" in a speech about the "Golden Age of Rome." This novel contrasts the virile fisherman Harry Pena with the spiritually sick inhabitants of Pisquontuit, such as the bored lesbian Amanita Buntline. The wife of its protagonist is diagnosed with "Samaritrophia," or indifference to people less fortunate than herself, after her husband sees a firestorm in Indianapolis and opens an office devoted to helping the poor. Norman Mushari schemes to steal the fortune of this novel's title character, who introduces Billy Pilgrim to the works of Kilgore Trout in a hospital ward in Slaughterhouse-Five. Named for Eliot, a millionaire searching for selfless love, for 10 points, identify this novel by Kurt Vonnegut.
Answer: God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater
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One man with this last name forced Gaius Popillius Laenas into exile, while another held a public feast which was painted and dedicated to the Aventine after he emerged victorious at the Battle of Beneventum. Yet another man of this surname reportedly asked a slave to stab him after he was attacked by Lucius Opimius, thus meeting his death alongside his ally Marcus Fulvius Flaccus. The previously mentioned man was clubbed to death on the orders of his cousin Scipio Nasica, after earlier negotiating a heroic peace treaty with the Numantines while serving as quaestor for Gaius Hostilius Mancinus. He was the son-in-law of Appius Claudius Pulcher, while another figure of this surname notably proposed the Sempronian Laws. For 10 points, give this cognomen shared by the two tribunes Tiberius and Gaius.
Answer: Gracchus
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This opera parodies oversentimentality in its arias "Vorrei dir" and "Smanie implacibili." A bass in this opera sings "Io crepo se non rido" and undercuts a farewell scene by laughing during its quintet "Di scrivermi ogni giorno." After being given a locket, this opera's leading baritone sings "Donne mie, la fate a tanti" in its second act. During the first act's final scene, extended woodwind trills play when a fake doctor based on Franz Mesmer uses a huge magnet on two characters who pretend to poison themselves. A soprano in this opera compares herself to a rock in the aria "Come scoglio," but is eventually seduced after being encouraged by her maid, Despina. In this opera's first scene, Ferrando and Guglielmo swear that their fiances will be eternally faithful to them, but after disguising themselves and successfully seducing Fiordiligi and Dorabella, they lose a bet to the cynical Don Alfonso. Subtitled "The School for Lovers," for 10 points, name this opera buffa by Mozart, whose title roughly translates to "they're all like that."
Answer: Cosi Fan Tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti [or Thus Do They All or All Women Are Like That or clear-knowledge equivalents]
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Magin
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This author wrote about the impact of Gandhi in his short story collection The Cow of the Barricades and his novel Kanthapura. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Indian author who adapted the story ofSatayavan and Savithriinto his novelThe Serpent and the Rope.
Answer: RajaRao
[10] This poet described his friendship with Raja Rao in his essay collectionIn Light of India. He characterized utopian intellectuals as "judges, executioners, victims, witnesses" in the "Grand Theater of Filth" in his poem "San Ildefonso Nocturne."
Answer: Octavio Paz
[10] Paz analyzed the "pachuco" as an example of Mexicans who hide their identities behind masks in this book about the history and national character of Mexico. Its essays include "From Independence to the Revolution" and "The Day of the Dead."
Answer: TheLabyrinth of Solitude[orElLabertino de la Soledad]
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One member of this group argued that the divine and material worlds interact through the Hylarchic Principle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group of 17th century English philosophers that included Benjamin Whichcote, Ralph Cudworth, and Henry More.
Answer: The Cambridge Platonists
[10] Henry More wrote a book titled An Antidote Against this belief, which was propounded by Baron d'Holbach in works like The System of Nature.
Answer: atheism
[10] In An Explanation of the Grand Mystery of Godliness, More criticized this philosopher's materialism. This thinker argued that concepts that signify incorporeal things actually signify nothing in his major work, whose third section discusses the laws of a Christian commonwealth.
Answer: Thomas Hobbes
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Answer the following about an effect that might be used in a thermocouple, for 10 points each.,
[10] This effect refers to the creation of a voltage between two conductors at different temperatures. Thermocouples measure this voltage to determine temperatures.
Answer: Seebeck effect
[10] The Seebeck effect is caused by charge-carrier diffusion and this phenomenon, where the effective mass of electrons moving through the material is increased by interactions with the crystal lattice of the material.
Answer: phonon drag
[10] Phonon drag occurs when the temperature is approximately one-fifth this value, denoted theta-sub-d.
Answer: Debye temperature
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Inspired by Jackson Pollock, this artist poured layers of thinned oil paint directly onto raw canvases, allowing the paint to soak into the painting's surface. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this abstract expressionist who used that technique to paint Eden and Mountains and Sea.
Answer: Helen Frankenthaler
[10] Frankenthaler spent several decades as the wife of this painter, who used stark black paint in his series Elegy to the Spanish Republic.
Answer: Robert Motherwell
[10] As a teenager, Frankenthaler was taught by this Mexican artist, who collaborated with Luis Remba to create mixografias such as Two Characters Attacked by Dogs. His paintings include Tres Personajes.
Answer: Rufino Tamayo
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Throughout this poem, groups of sinners plead with Jesus to save them, only for him to refuse all their pleas and send them to hell. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this "textcolor{blue}{{Poetical Description of the Great and Last Judgment,"}}which was a bestseller in Puritan New England after being published in 1662.
Answer: "The Day of Doom"
[10] This Puritan preacher, the author of "Meat out of the Eater," wrote "The Day of Doom."
Answer: Michael Wigglesworth
[10] This Puritan poet disputed with Solomon Stoddard over the nature of the Last Supper, and wrote a collection of Preparatory Meditations. He urged "Make me thy Loome then, knit therein this Twine / And make thy Holy Spirit, Lord, winde quills" in "Huswifery."
Answer: Edward Taylor
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This author wrote the scripts for the Twilight Zone episodes "Little Girl Lost," "Nick of Time," and "The Invaders." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this science fiction author whose short story "Duel" was adapted into a movie by Steven Spielberg. He also wrote the novels What Dreams May Come and Stir of Echoes.
Answer: Richard Matheson
[10] Matheson wrote this episode of the Twilight Zone, in which William Shatner plays a recently released patient who sees a gremlin on the wing of his airplane.
Answer: "Nightmare at 20,000 Feet"
[10] In this novella by Matheson, Robert Neville discovers a virus that turns people into vampires. It was adapted into the movie The Omega Man.
Answer: I Am Legend
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The Synod of Arles condemned this heresy, which labelled Mensurius a traditor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this heresy which believed that the effectiveness of sacraments was based on the morality of the priest who delivered them.
Answer: Donatism
[10] Donatism was influenced by the writings of this early Christian, who refused to grant absolution to the lapsed during his stint as Bishop of Carthage. In 255, he argued that baptisms delivered by heretical priests were not legitimate in a dispute with Pope Stephen I.
Answer: Saint Cyprian of Carthage
[10] This early Christian thinker argued that any action of a bishop was authorized by the full authority of the church in his fight against Donatism. He discussed ways to interpret the Scriptures in his text On Christian Doctrine.
Answer: Saint Augustine of Hippo
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He shoots himself in the chest after being humiliated by holding his hands in front of his face in the presence of his lover, who nearly dies from puerperal fever. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this character who loses a race after his horse Frou-Frou breaks her back, a friend of Prince Yashvin who meets Golenishchev while abroad in Europe.
Answer: Count AlexisVronsky[prompt on Alexisbecause Anna's husband is also named Alexis]
[10] Vronsky is the lover is this character, the mother of Serezha. In the novel named for her, she commits suicide by throwing herself under a train.
Answer: AnnaKarenina[both or either names acceptable]
[10] Kitty and Levin become engaged at a party given by this brother of Anna. He has an affair with the dancer Masha Chibisova, and attempts, but fails, to convince Karenin to divorce Anna.
Answer: PrinceStepanArkadyevichOblonsky[accept both or either]
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He was excommunicated after murdering John Comyn during a meeting at Dumfries. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man whose victory at the Battle of Bannockburn led him to become crowned king of an independent Scotland.
Answer: Robert the Bruce[orRobert I, prompt on "Robert"]
[10] Before Bannockburn, Robert the Bruce long vied for Scottish rule against this English baron, who was named king in 1292 by Edward I. After planning to invade England, he lost the Battle of Dunbar in 1296 and surrendered to the English at Brechin.
Answer: JohnBalliol
[10] After the victories of Robert the Bruce over Edward II, thirty-eight Scottish lords signed this 1320 document addressed to Pope John XXII, which proclaimed the independence of Scotland. It was probably written by Bernard de Linton, and signed in a namesake abbey.
Answer: Declaration ofArbroath
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This poet wrote "Thrice happy beasts are, who, because they be / Of reason void, and so of foppery" in "Tunbridge Wells." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this English poet, who lamented"the pains it costs to poor laborious Nelly / Whilst she employs hands, fingers, mouth and thighs / Ere she can raise the member she enjoys" in "A Satyre on Charles II."
Answer: JohnWilmot, the Second Earl ofRochester[accept either]
[10] Wilmot wrote that"Man differs more from man, than man from beast" in this imitation of Boileau, which begins by proclaiming that if he could choose, he'd be"adog, a monkey or a bear, / Or anything but that vain animal / Who is so proud of being rational."
Answer: "ASatyre Against Reason and Mankind" [or "ASatyre Against Mankind"]
[10] Wilmot wrote that "Dryden's rhymes / Were stol'n, unequal, nay dull many times" in an imitation of this poet's tenth satire. This man advised epic poets to begin "in medias res" in his epistle "Ars Poetica."
Answer: Horace[or Quintus HoratiusFlaccus]
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The hieroglyph of this god raising his arms was the symbol for one million. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this consort of Hauhet, a member of the Ogdoad of Hermopolis. He is the Egyptian god of infinity and formlessness.
Answer: Heh
[10] Heh was created by this scribe of the Egyptian underworld, who invented useful things like writing.
Answer: Thoth [or Tehuty; or Djehuty; or Tahuti; or Tehuti; or Zehuti; or Techu; or Tetu]
[10] This other member of the Ogdoad fathered the moon god Khonsu. Ahmose I made him the national god of Egypt.
Answer: Amun
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One popular type of them is the proton exchange membrane, or PEM, type, in which hydrogen ions move across a thin polymer of electrolyte. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these electrochemical devices that, unlike batteries, use externally generated ions, often hydrogen and oxygen, to produce energy.
Answer: (hydrogen) fuel cells
[10] A 2009 Mazumder and Sun paper showed both an increase in surface area and decrease in decay rate of nanoparticles of this metal, a popular choice for fuel cell catalysts. It may be better known for its role in the Heck reaction and for occluding hydrogen.
Answer: palladium [or Pd]
[10] This early mathematical model of the PEM fuel cell assumes that the water content of the membrane is constant, and requires boundary conditions at membrane-catalyst and catalyst-gas diffusion layer interfaces. This doubly-eponymous model is sometimes contrasted with the Springer model.
Answer: Bernardi-Verbrugge model
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The members of this alliance included Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, Louis XII, and Pope Julius II. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this alliance that won the Battle of Agnadello, formed to check the territorial expansion of the Republic of Venice.
Answer: League of Cambrai
[10] Earlier, the League of Venice temporarily drove this French king out of Italy after the Battle of Fornovo. He invaded Naples upon the urging of Ludovico Sforza, beginning the Italian Wars.
Answer: Charles VIII [prompt on Charles]
[10] Near the end of the Italian Wars, this king of Spain obtained Milan and the Two Sicilies in the Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis. In 1588, he launched an Armada against England.
Answer: Philip II [or Felipe II; prompt on Philip or Felipe]
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Answer the following about extremely difficult pieces for the piano, for 10 points each.,
[10] This suite opens with an "Evocacion," and includes difficult pieces like "El Corpus en Sevilla" and "Jerez," based on twelve different locations in Spain.
Answer: Iberia
[10] Godowsky composed fifty-two incredibly difficult studies on this composer's etudes, which include ones nicknamed "Revolutionary" and "Black Key." His own hard pieces include his posthumously publishedFantasie-impromptuin C sharp minor.
Answer: FredericChopin
[10] Loosely structured after Busoni'sFantasia Contrappuntistica, this composition for solo piano by Khaikosru Sorabji is over four hours long, and includes a passacaglia with eighty-one variations. Kyle Gann compared playing it to carving Mount Rushmore with a butter knife.
Answer: Opus Clavicembalisticum
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This economist's 1926 paper on consumer theory laid the groundwork for the Neo-Walrasians. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this economist who formalized much of production theory and names a theorem for finding the multiple regression coefficient of a single variable along with Waugh.
Answer: Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch
[10] This student of Frisch formulated the balanced budget multiplier theorem and introduced probability theory to econometrics in his 1944 article "The Probability Approach in Econometrics."
Answer: Trygve Haavelmo
[10] Along with Frisch, this Ukranian economist demonstrated that regular business cycles can result from a series of random shocks. He related changes in Marshallian demand to changes in Hicksian demand in his namesake decomposition.
Answer: Evgeny Slutsky
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Identify these things relating to computer graphics, for 10 points each.,
[10] Martin Newell famously rendered a "Utah" type of this object in 1975, which has become the de facto standard for "hello world" renderings in graphics programs. The original, composed of some 28 Bezier patches, lacked a bottom and a rim for the lid.
Answer: Teapot
[10] One way to render an object like a teapot with a computer is to implement one of these systems, an inverse of a photon mapper. Simple versions operate by working backwards from the eye through a virtual screen, and they're generally more expensive to do in real time than shaders.
Answer: Ray Tracer [or Ray Tracing]
[10] Phong provides a model to simulate this optical phenomenon, whose shiny specular type is exhibited in hardwood floors and lakes and is easier to implement with a Ray Tracer than the diffuse type of it.
Answer: Reflection
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Examples of Seima-Turbino metallurgy originated in the foothills of this mountain range. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mountain range which contains Lake Teletskoye as well as the sources of the Ob and Irtysh rivers.
Answer: Altai Mountains
[10] The Altai Mountains form the northern boundary of this desert, which is currently expanding towards Beijing at the rate of two miles per year. The Tien Shan mountains separate it from the Taklamakan Desert.
Answer: Gobi Desert
[10] Mongolian winters are marked by this disastrous weather condition, in which temperatures are so cold that livestock freeze to death. It is usually preceded by a drought.
Answer: zud[or dzud]
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He was banished for five years for the execution of Thomas Scott. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who helped found the province of Manitoba before his belief that he was the anointed "Prophet of the New World" caused him to lead the North-West Rebellion in Saskatchewan in 1885.
Answer: Louis Riel
[10] The North-West Rebellion occurred during the tenure of this prime minister, the main author of the British North America Act. Due to the Pacific scandal, he resigned and was replaced by Alexander Mackenzie.
Answer: Sir John Alexander MacDonald
[10] This excellent tactician won the Battle of Duck Lake for the Metis during the North-West Rebellion. However, Riel foolishly ordered him to stop fighting, dooming the rebels.
Answer: Gabriel Dumont
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Answer the following about American literature involving Maine, for 10 points each.,
[10] This author's nature writing includes Cape Cod and The Maine Woods. He wrote the essay "Walking" as well as an essay which begins "That government is best which governs least."
Answer: Henry David Thoreau
[10] This author set her novel The Pearl of Orr's Island off the coast of Maine. She accused Lord Byron of sleeping with his half-sister in Lady Byron Vindicated, and wrote a novel in which Tom Gordon's cruelty leads his half-brother Harry to join the title character's rebellion.
Answer: Harriet BeecherStowe
[10] In this novel, Captain Sybil is sympathetic to the plight of freed blacks because he grew up in Maine. Subtitled Shadows Uplifted, it centers on a girl sold into slavery by Alfred Lorraine before marrying Dr. Latimer.
Answer: Iola Leroy, or Shadows Uplifted
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This composer incorporated a synthesizer into his Mwandishi albums. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this jazz pianist who composed "Watermelon Man" and "Cantaloupe Island," as well as the albums Empyrean Isles and Maiden Voyage.
Answer: Herbie Hancock
[10] Hancock composed the score to this 1966 movie directed by Michelangelo Antionioni starring David Hemmings. It ends with a scene in which mimes play tennis without a ball.
Answer: Blow-up
[10] Antonioni co-wrote the script for Zabriskie Point along with this playwright of Curse of the Starving Class and Buried Child.
Answer: Sam Shepard
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Thomas Quiwonkpa led a failed attempt to unseat this leader, who was forced to eat his own ears during his gruesome execution. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this dictator, a member of the Krahn tribe, who seized power in 1980 after leading a murderous coup against William Tolbert.
Answer: SamuelDoe
[10] Samuel Doe ruled this African country before being overthrown and murdered by Charles Taylor.
Answer: Liberia
[10] From 1878 to 1980, this was the only legal political party in Liberia. It shares part of its name with the party that ran Winfield Scott for president in 1852.
Answer: True WhigParty [orTWP]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This speech describes ideals of government like "encouragement of agriculture, and of commerce as its handmaid" and "the diffusion of information and arraignment of all abuses at the bar of the public reason." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this speech which declared "every difference of opinion is not a difference of principle" and "We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists."
Answer: ThomasJefferson's first inaugural address[prompt on partial answer]
[10] Jefferson delivered that inaugural address after being sworn in by this Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, who presided over the cases of Worcester v. Georgia and Fletcher v. Peck.
Answer: JohnMarshall
[10] The conciliatory tone of Jefferson's first inaugural is echoed in this later presidential speech, which proclaimed "We are not enemies, but friends." It also asserted that "This country, with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabit it."
Answer: AbrahamLincoln's first inaugural address[prompt on partial answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about planetary geology, for 10 points each.,
[10] This largest impact crater of Mercury was first imaged by Mariner 10 and is situated on that planet's twilight zone
Answer: Caloris basin
[10] The Caloris basin is relatively young compared to most craters on the moon and Mars, which formed during this extremely turbulent time period that lasted from about 3.8 to 4.1 billion years ago.
Answer: late heavy bombardment or lunar cataclysm
[10] During the Late Heavy Bombardment, the Earth was in this geologic eon, during which the Big Whack may have occurred.
Answer: Hadean period or Priscoan or pre-Archaean
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A condition in which muscle fibers appear ``ragged'' is due to a mutation in the T$Psi$CG loop of the lysine tRNA associated with it. For 10 points each:,
[10] The codons AGA and AGG are stop codons in mammals according to the intron-lacking DNA of what organelle?
Answer: mitochondria
[10] A missense mutation in mtDNA causing a defect in subunit 4 of NADH-CoQ reductase leads to this disease, a degeneration of cranial nerve II which is accompanied by the onset of blindness.
Answer: Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy
[10] This condition occurs when cells contain both wild-type and mutant mtDNA.
Answer: heteroplasmy

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