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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Nationals Tossups by Extra Packet
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One character in this novel has a dog named Hamilcar, while another has noticeably red hands. The protagonist once loved the daughter of a choleric mapmaker, Clementine, who was locked up after an argument involving the protagonist's uncle. The first segment, "The Log," takes its name from a gift that sets the novel's action in motion, including a gift in the form of a fake log with violets. The protagonist endeavors to acquire a volume owned by Signori Pozzi, The Golden Legend, which leads to his acquaintance with the Princess Trepof. The protagonist has two visions of a fairy, who throws ink at him, and who is represented in a statue by the protagonist's ward, Jeanne. That ward had previously been sequestered by Mademoiselle Prefere, but the protagonist helps her escape, which constitutes the title action. For ten points name this novel about an aging bibliophile by Anatole France.
Answer: The Crime of Sylvester Bonnard or Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard
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This poem is followed in its collection by a poem which begins, "Now that we're almost settled in our house, I'll name the friends that cannot sup with us." One scholar theorizes that the phrase "great broken rings" in this poem represents change, and man is caught in the flux of time between destruction and art, symbolized by the phrase "unwearied still, lover by lover." The speaker declares that the nineteenth autumn has come upon him and later laments, "Now my heart is sore;" he then explains that all's changed since he, during the October twilight, the first time on the shore heard the bell-beat above his head representing the title creatures, of which there are a symbolic number, nine-and-fifty. For 10 points name this poem by William Butler Yeats describing some beautiful birds.
Answer: "The Wilde Swans at Coole"
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One legend says that she is actually the daughter of Theseus and Helen and was rescued by Castor and Pollux. She was nearly blinded with a torch by her sister due to a misunderstanding as she returned home. Some accounts say that she landed on Zminthe and joined with Chryses to make war on King Thoas after stealing a statue. She was eventually summoned under the pretense of a marriage to Achilles and ended up in charge of sacrificing all strangers who entered Crimea before becoming immortal on the White Isle. Usually considered the sister of Elektra, she was spirited away to Tauris after Artemis provided an animal to take her place under Calchas's knife. For 10 points, name this daughter of Agamemnon who was to be sacrificed at Aulis to provide winds for the Greek fleet.
Answer: Iphigenia
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This tome derides Desartes for implying that anything non-mathematical is an illusion and begins by explaining the difference between the true and the certain. The final section of this work labels an ancient author as a "man of the people" who was distinct from the idealized conception of the poet in the "Discovery of the True Homer." It says that pious shame is the origin of the moral stance of literature in "Poetic Wisdom" and opens with a universal history labeled "Establishment of Principles," after showing the feminine personification of metaphysics standing on a globe and looking at a triangle containing God's eye above a statue of a poet. For 10 points, name this work which argues for a staggeringly improving but fundamentally cyclical course of history, written in 1725 by Giambattista Vico.
Answer: The New Science [or Scienza nuova]
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This text compares a citizenry who is too afraid to rebel to a desert in a passage that distinguishes between peace and freedom from war. It proposes that Ezra was the true author of most of the Old Testament and contrasts the love of God to the worship of words. Its putative thesis is that the lifting of restrictions on thought helps rather than harms social stability. To that end, it argued for state religions to be minimal and inclusive, and for the removal of religious authority from the clergy to the sovereign. Written to promote the views of Grand Pensionary Jan de Witt, it was ultimately condemned by the Synod of Dort. For 10 points, name this work designed to pave the way for greater acceptance of the Ethics, an anonymous 1670 publication of Baruch Spinoza.
Answer: Tractatus Theologico Politicus [or A Theologico-Political Treatise]
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Constants introduced by this tenet are involved in one application of the Sternheimer Method. Optically, it can best be tested with the interaction of heavy atomic vapors, especially those of bismuth and thallium, with indium-doped lasers. The GIM suppression mechanism and the Cabibbo Theory presaged this prediction by implying the existence of its two requisite particles, the discovery of which solved two major problems with neutral kaon oscillations. Its mathematical usefulness arises from the 't Hooft renormalization equations, and it utilizes a non-Abelian gauge group with broken symmetry. FTP, name this model which posits W and Z bosons as the mediators of the electroweak interaction, which is named for its three originators.
Answer: Glashow-Weinberg-Salam Model (Also Accept: Weinberg-Salam before "three originators" or electroweak theory before it is mentioned)
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A dialogue between a dead boy and a dead cat takes place in this author's four hour unperformable puppet play Once Five Years Have Passed, and in a "puppet farce" by this man he stands on stage and argues with a puppet called "the poet." The title character walks on stage leading his four children, declares, "My poor children," then kills them with a wooden dagger in his Buster Keaton's Constitutional, while a black cockroach with artistic aspirations is enraptured by the title character in his The Butterfly's Evil Spell. The image of a bleeding horse pervades a lullaby in a better-known work, and the title character's namesake condition leads her to kill her husband Juan in Yerma. For 10 points name this author of Blood Wedding and The House of Bernarda Alba.
Answer: Federico Garcia Lorca
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A song of this name refers to the death of a folk musician who recorded such songs as "I Remember You Amanda" and "A Farmer's Prayer" and later became the namesake of the stadium where he and several thousand other political prisoners were executed, Victor Jara. Punctuated by a single-word chorus that is simply the name of the triple album this song appears on being sung by Joe Strummer, this song ends by asking what Afghan rebels or Tibetan monks "think of voting Communist," but previous verses castigate the U.S. for the Bay of Pigs and for supporting Augusto Pinochet. This song from Sandinista! by The Clash shares its two-wored name with a monniker borne from 1974 to 1997 by a team that was long coached by former star Wes Unseld, moved from Baltimore, and changed away from this name before adding such current players as Roger Mason, Caron Butler, Antawn Jamison and Gilbert Arenas to its roster. For 10 points, name this former NBA franchise, now known as the Wizards.
Answer: "Washington Bullets"
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This play begins with a humorously truncated prologue in which the author merely tells the audience to stretch its legs since the play is long. One character plans his own birthday party, during which his hired cooks argue and one of them declares that his broth can rejuvenate the old. Reworked by Giambattista Della Porta into La Trappolaria, the plot of this play is set in motion when the pimp Ballio is revealed to have sold a woman to a Macedonian soldier of fortune. This prompts a meeting with the crooked messenger Harpax who is bribed after the main character makes a bet with Simo, after he is informed by Caliodorus that he can no longer woo his love Phoenicium. FTP, name this play by Titus Maccius Plautus about the titular deceitful slave.
Answer: Pseudolus (prompt on "the cheat or "the deceitful slave" or equivalents)
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One set of door panels on this building was sculpted by John Donnelly Jr. and depicts scenes taken from the shield of Achilles, while the main corridor, known as the Great Hall, features double rows of monolithic columns. Upon its completion, its east entrance featured a sculpture group by Herman McNeil while another sculpture group was completed by Robert Aitken at one entrance and some large statues were crafted by James Earle Fraser. Located at One First Street,fr ten points, identify this structure designed by Cass Gilbert whose frieze is anchored by a central tablet that reads "Equal Justice Under Law."
Answer: United States Supreme Court Building or Structure or Hall
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This text is preserved by Ekkehard, the abbot of Aura, in his Chronicle. It includes a special six month provision for territories in Burgundy and Italy, and it was ratified the following year at the First Lateran Council. It built upon an earlier agreement by Paschal II in making a key distinction between spiritualia, which is achieved through the ring and crosier, and regalia, granted through the lance. Its terms also allowed the emperor to be present at elections to all bishoprics and abbeys. Also known as the Pactum Calixtinum, since it was agreed to by Callixtus II with Holy Roman Emperor Henry V, it ended one phase of the investiture controversy. FTP, name this 1122 agreement at a German city which also hosted a Diet to try Martin Luther.
Answer: Concordat of Worms (or Pactum Calixtinum before mentioned)
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Derrida critiques this work's depiction of the uses of tobacco as an example of cherry picking examples to prove a point. It begins by the examining the Samoan distinction between oloa and tonga and concludes by exmaining the moral implications of the title concept, arguing that even in industrial society, "things sold have a soul." Raymond Firth criticizes the book's failure to recognize the single individual level of interaction. Instead, the author focuses on what he terms the "total prestation" to explain that the title entity metonymically stands for every aspect of the society it is part of. Beginning with a section on "the obligation to reciprocate", this is, FTP ,what work examining the potlach and other economies built on voluntary exchange, written by Marcel Mauss.
Answer: The Gift or Essai sur le don
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This statement does not apply to relaxation-controlled swelling processes and polymers which deviate from it also deviate from Fujita's free-volume theory. The Fokker-Planck equation reduces to this in homogenous systems. The man who discovered this relation later formulated a principle used in physiology to measure cardiac output. The Stokes-Einstein relation can be used to determine one parameter and if concentration does not change with time, one reduces to a Laplace equation. This statement actually encompasses two different relations, one which applies in steady-state conditions and another which applies in cases where concentration gradient changes over time. To determine exchange rates of gases across membranes, it is often paired with Graham's Law. FTP, identify these laws of diffusion named for a German.
Answer: Fick's Law(s) of Diffusion
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This nation contains the scenic Lake Bled and its port can be entered through the Muda Gate, while its largest city is home to the Ursuline Church. Its most important river arises in the Zelenci Springs in the midst of the Planica Valley. This nation is connected to the country on its north by the Karawanken Tunnel, which crosses mountains of the same name in its north. The Aljaz Tower is a national symbol standing on its highest peak, Triglav, located within a national park. Its important cities include the very old Ptuj, the seaside resort Portoroz, and the commercial port Koper. It also contains the historical region of Carniola and its second largest city, Maribor, is on the Drava River, though its major river is the Sava River. FTP, name this small country north of Croatia with its capital at Ljubliana.
Answer: Republic of Slovenia
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The Gauss-Bonnet theorem tells us that for a particular manifold this quantity is proportional to the integral of Gaussian Curvature. More generally it can be defined as the alternating sum of the ranks of corresponding homology groups, which are known as the Betti Numbers. Equal to 0 for the Torus and Klein bottle, this is-- for 10 points-- which mathematical quantity defined as Vertices minus Edges plus Faces, and named for a prolific Swiss Mathematician.
Answer: Euler Characteristic
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This piece is framed at the top by a semicircular arch under a central gable with a relief of the torso of a robed man touching his hands to his chest. The marble relief below this sculpture group shows the construction of a spiral column on the left and a nude cherub on the right in a workshop scene depicting its main subjects in action. This sculpture group shows a set of Romanesque-figured men in togas somberly facing each other inside a semicircular niche, and was commissioned by a guild of stone and woodworkers in homage to a group of artists executed for refusing to build a statue of Asclepius for Diocletian. Located along with works by Ghiberti and Donatello in Florence's Or San Michele, this is, FTP, what sculpture group depicting a quartet of doomed Christian sculptors, the masterpiece of Nanni di Banco?
Answer: Four Crowned Martyrs or Four Crowned Saints or Quattro Santi Coronati
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Its second floor is the Mirror Room, and it has three hundred murals on its walls which incorporate carpet patterns into the "dehin" style. On its outside, there is a copper embossing which shows Bala and Mardana around a certain prophet. It is found across the street from the "Throne of the Timeless One," or Akal Takht, an administrative center. Its four entrances, each below ground level, symbolize its openness and humility. Its foundation stone was placed by Mian Mir, and it is found at the end of a causeway in the middle of the "pool of nectar." The world's most important gurdwara, it was first built by Arjan in 1604 and was stormed in 1984 by government troops. For 10 points, name this building in Amritsar, the central holy structure of Sikhism.
Answer: the Golden Temple [or Harmandir; or Darbar Sahib; or Sacred Audience]
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This ruler instituted a namesake legal code which obliged all adult males and females to work, and he created the hilarious royal title Count of Marmalade. He constructed a building often known as the "Blacksmith's Pouch" along with the residential palace Sans Souci. He headed a kingdom in the Northern Province during a partition of his country where he built a citadel overlooking the harbor named La Ferriere, while the southern part of the country was ruled by his rival Alexandre Petion. He shot himself in the heart with a silver bullet in 1820, nine years after he came to power following the overthrow of Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and before that he'd been an aide to Toussaint L'Ouverture. FTP, name this ruler of Haiti who proclaimed himself King Henri I.
Answer: Henri Christophe
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This agreement brought an end to a conflict which saw the death of Major Alexander Truman and Colonel John Hardin, both of whom were killed while attempting to negotiate peace three years earlier. It reportedly took eight months to negotiate and its second article mandates the taking of ten hostages as insurance. It was made possible after the newly formed Legion of the United States avenged some earlier losses by Josiah Harmar and Arthur St. Clair. It created a namesake line extending south to Fort Laurens and west to Fort Loramie and Fort Recovery, though some land was set aside for the army of George Rogers Clark, and it was agreed to by Little Turtle and Blue Jacket among other Indian leaders. FTP, name this 1795 treaty negotiated by Mad Anthony Wayne after the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
Answer: Treaty of Greenville
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TB. This conflict saw the formation of a group known as the Seven-Party Alliance in opposition to the ruling power. It was prompted by the Saur Revolution, which brought to power Taraki as the leader of the "People's faction," a party often in conflict with the "banner faction" Parcham. Operation Cyclone was an effort to fund one side in this conflict through the operation of the ISI, and was heavily promoted by men like Gust Avrakotos. Diego Cordovez conducted many of the "proximity talks" intended to bring an end to it, as divisions in the PDPA party began to threaten the installed government of Barbrak Kamal. The mujahideen were heavily funded and the Summer Olympics were boycotted in 1980 by the U.S. as a result of, FTP, this Cold War conflict resulting from invasion of a certain country.
Answer: Soviet-Afghan War (or "Soviet Union/Russian invasion of Afghanistan," or anything which distinctly mentions those two countries)
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TB. This man's writings include a treatise on "The Eighth Remedy" published with twenty reasons and a tract entitled "Concerning the Only Way of Drawing All Peoples to the True Religion," while he was charged with treason for his confiscated tract Confesionario. Early in his life, he negotiated a purchase of land on the coast of Venezuela to build a utopian colony of farm communities, but that experiment failed. He's more renowned for appearing at the Council of Valladolid where he engaged in a famous debate after encouraging the passage of the New Laws; his opponent in that debate was Juan Gines de Sepulveda. Known as the "Protector of the Indies," he was named bishop of Chiapas in 15 FTP, name this Spanish Dominican priest who fought against the encomienda system in the New World.
Answer: Bartolome de las Casas
2008 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Extra Packet
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Answer the following about the happenings of the 2007 baseball season FTPE.,
[10] His 600th career home run came against the Cubs' Jason Marquis, the first time he had homered against the Chicago club he spent most of his career with.
Answer: Sammy Sosa
[10] In a now famous playoff game against the Cleveland Indians, this rookie Yankees pitcher was surrounded by midges. The distraction resulted in two wild pitches, a Cleveland run and a blown save in a pivotal ALDS loss.
Answer: Joba Chamberlain
[10] This long-time closer, supposedly retired, threw out the ceremonial first pitch in the Angels' home opener, then completed the year as a starting pitcher for St. Louis before signing with the Tampa Bay Rays.
Answer: Troy Percival
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Answer these questions about money FTPE:,
[10] In the United States, this measure of money supply includes all physical currency, deposits that can be converted to cash and checking accounts.
Answer: M1
[10] He wrote On Social Differentiation, and also argued that the impersonal nature of money helps promote the rational calculation of human affairs in The Philosophy of Money.
Answer: George Simmel
[10] Building on Simmel's idea, this thinker wrote the General Economic History, arguing that the need for profit caused social pressure keeping markets impersonal. His first work was on Roman Agrarian History.
Answer: Max Weber
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It connects the mind-body distinction to the separation of the self from the world, and borrows terminology from Heiddger in the final section about "being for itself and being in the world." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1945 existentialist text, which was later repudiated in its author's The Visible and the Invisible, and argues that there is no passive sensation unconnected to active processes of the mind and body.
Answer: Phenomenology of Perception [or Phenomenologie de la perception]
[10] This author of Sense and Nonsene and Adventures of the Dialectic wrote Phenomenology of Perception.
Answer: Maurice Merleau-Ponty
[10] This frequent translator of Merleau-Ponty and Heiddeger commentator may be better known as an artificial intelligence theorist who has written such books as What Computers Still Can't Do and applied the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty to neural networks in "Intelligence Without Representation."
Answer: Hubert Dreyfus
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Many opera composers engaged in feuds. FTPE:,
[10] Central to the "War of the Buffoons" was a performance of this opera buffa about Serpina's plot to trick her master, Uberto, into marrying her and elevating her status. It was composed by Giovanni Pergolesi.
Answer: La Serva Padrona or The Servant Mistress or The Maid as Mistress (be reasonably flexible on English translations as long as "Maid/Servant" and "Mistress" are the only main words)
[10] This 18th Century German-Austrian composer wrote such operas as Alceste and Orfeo ed Euridice and carried on a rivalry with Niccolo Piccinni that saw both men compose versions of Iphigenie en Tauride.
Answer: Christoph Willibald Gluck
[10] Using the pseudonym K. Freigedank, Wagner took out his antagonism towards Giacomo Meyerbeer and Felix Mendelssohn in this Anti-Semetic pamphlet, originally published in 1850.
Answer: Jewishness in Music or Judaism in Music or Das Judenthum in der Musik
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They are ordered by Deuteronomy 6:8 and contain four passages from that book and Exodus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these boxes warn on the left arm and the forehead by some Jews during weekday prayers.
Answer: phylacteries [or tefillin]
[10] This Orthodox revival movement wanders around in Israel and New York trying to get Jews to put on phylacteries. Led by the Schneerson dynasty, many of them believe their most recent leader was the Messiah.
Answer: Lubavitchers [or Chabad Lubavitch]
[10] The pattern in which the phylactery straps are tied, along with a letter embossed on the head phylactery, spell out this name of God, an unclear Semitic root often translated as "almighty."
Answer: Shaddai
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He owned a mile-deep cauldron which the Aesir wanted to use to hold ale. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this god, who also interfered with Thor's attempt to fish for the Midgard Serpent.
Answer: Hymir
[10] Hymir was the father of this war god, who gave up his hand to Fenrir.
Answer: Tyr
[10] In a test of strength between Hymir and Thor, Thor accidentally smashed this object by throwing a glass at it.
Answer: a stone pillar [or column, etc]
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Answer these questions about ribosomes and translation FTPE.,
[10] Amino acids are brought to the ribosome for attachment to the nascent polypeptide by these molecules.
Answer: tRNA or transfer ribonucleic acid
[10] Three tRNA binding sites exist in the ribosome - one for the tRNA/peptide complex, one for transiently binding exiting tRNAs, and this site, which binds incoming tRNAs. The antibiotic puromycin inhibits protein synthesis by binding to this site.
Answer: A site
[10] In prokaryotes, ribosomal binding and recruitment of translation initiation factors is dependent on this sequence important for initiation of protein synthesis. Cleavage of its anti- sequence in the 16S ribosome by colicin E3 greatly inhibits protein synthesis.
Answer: Shine-Dalgarno sequence
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Answer the following about some "diabolical" works of music, FTPE.,
[10] A fiddler's deal with the devil is the highlight of this composer's The Soldier's Tale, but he is better known for the Symphony of Psalms and Petrushka.
Answer: Igor Stravinsky
[10] A dream in which Giuseppe Tartini saw the devil playing the violin at the foot of his bed inspired Tartini's composition of this virtuoso violin sonata in G minor.
Answer: Devil's Trill Sonata or Il Trillo del Diavolo
[10] This classical Italian composer, who spent many years in Madrid, composed a symphony subtitled "The House of the Devil," inspired by Gluck's Don Juan. He also composed the opera La Clementina.
Answer: Luigi Boccherini
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Answer stuff about principles of organometallic chemistry, FTPE.,
[10] This is the term, specified by the eta convention, which is used to denote the number of contiguous ligating atoms involved in bonding to one or more metals.
Answer: hapticity
[10] The hapticity can be predicted by a common rule of thumb which says that, when a transition metal bonds to a ligand set, the molecular orbitals of its valence shells can hold this many electrons. When this number is achieved, the complex is called coordinatively saturated.
Answer: 18 (18-electron rule)
[10] Roald Hoffman introduced this principle which posits similarities in chemical behavior between different molecular fragments. Groups which possess similar frontier molecular orbitals in terms of symmetry, energy, and electron count are referred to as this.
Answer: isolobal principle
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The winning army here included a Swabian legion under duke Burchard and a force under Conrad the Red of Franconia, and it was followed by a battle at Recknitz. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 955 A.D. battle which saw the defeat of the Magyars and the execution of their chieftains Bulscu, Lel, and Sur.
Answer: Battle of Lechfeld (also accept Battle of Augsburg)
[10] This son of Henry the Fowler survived attacks on his rule by Thankmar and Liudolf, and went on to defeat the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld.
Answer: Otto the Great (or Otto I)
[10] In the wake of Lechfeld, this Pope called Otto the Great to Rome to help him fight the usurper Berengar II of Ivrea and afterwards he crowned Otto as Holy Roman Emperor. Soon after, this pope rebelled against Otto, who proceeded to replace him with Leo VIII.
Answer: Pope John XII (or Ottaviano)
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Answer the following about gravitational interactions, FTPE.,
[10] These laws state that rotation is synchronous with the mean orbital rate, the angle of inclination of the spin axis to the ecliptic remains constant, and that the ecliptic normal occupies the same plane of the spin axis and the orbit normal. Their namesake also names a division in the rings of Saturn.
Answer: Cassini's Laws
[10] This equation states that the velocity of an orbiting moon is equal to the square root of the product of the gravitational constant, the mass of the planet, and the difference in 2 over the orbital radius and the inverse of a semi-major axis of the orbit. It is derived by equating the kinetic energy to the gravitational potential energy.
Answer: Vis-Viva Equation
[10] Perturbations in highly inclined orbitals lead to this resonance between eccentricity and inclination due to the conservation of the normal component of the angular momentum. It causes precession of the argument of pericenter.
Answer: Kozai Resonance
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Answer these questions about literary "chicks" for 10 points each:,
[10] Chick Lorimer is the subject of "Gone," one of a number of poems set in this "City of the Big Shoulders" by Carl Sandburg.
Answer: Chicago
[10] Mrs. Louisa Chick is the sister of one of this Dickens novel's title characters, a business-obsessed merchant who sends Walter Gay off to the West Indies to keep him away from his daughter Florence.
Answer: Dombey and Son
[10] Chick Mallison is the protagonist of this Faulkner novel in which he renders legal assistance to Lucas Beauchamp to repay Lucas for saving his life, only to have Lucas give him two dollars for services rendered.
Answer: Intruder in the Dust
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Historically, she was the mother of Adadnirari III, a king from the turn of the eighth century BCE. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this queen of Assyria who, in a legend recorded by Diodorus Siculus, ruled as regent for her late husband Ninus, expanded the borders of Babylon with her beauty and political skill, and planted the hanging gardens.
Answer: Semiramis [or Sammu-ramat]
[10] Ths legendary king of Armenia was killed in a battle with Assyria that was provoked by Semiramis's attempt to marry him.
Answer: Ara the Beautiful
[10] Semiramis was originally married to Menones, the governor of this Assyrian city, which was built around a Quyunjik and is where Henry Layard recovered the library of Ashurbanipal.
Answer: Nineveh
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It resulted in a resolution which assigned the Mandate for Palestine to Great Britain, and bound Turkey to accept its terms by the Treaty of Sevres. FTPE:,
[10] Name this conference held in April of 1920 at a site in Italy, where the Allied Powers assigned major Middle Eastern mandates.
Answer: San Remo Conference
[10] San Remo incorporated this 1917 statement drafted as a letter to Lord Rothschild upon the urging of Chaim Weizmann; it supported the establishment of a Jewish home state in Palestine.
Answer: Balfour Declaration
[10] San Remo also ratified this 1916 agreement which planned for the dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire by establishing zones of British and French influence, although the Russian claims on Constantinople were revoked.
Answer: Sykes-Picot Agreement
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Answer the following about the rise and fall of the Nguyen Dynasty in Vietnam, FTPE.,
[10] With the help of some French troops raised by Pigneau de Behaine, his man united Vietnam and became the first emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty in 1802, proclaiming its capital at Hue and setting up a Confucian state.
Answer: Gia Long (or Nguyen Phuc Anh)
[10] The Nguyen came to power by ending the rule of this peasant rebellion which lasted from 1771 to 1802 after the Le and Trinh dynasties. Ruling from Qui Nhon, this rebellion was led by three brothers from the namesake village.
Answer: Tay Son Rebellion
[10] This final emperor of the Nguyen Dynasty went into exile in Hong Kong in 1946 but was brought back and installed as a puppet Head of State by the French in 1949.
Answer: Bao Dai (or Nguyen Phuc Vinh Thuy)
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In it, Heinrich is given a rejuvenating drink by Wittikin as he tries to reach a flaming castle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play, in which Heinrich falls in love while attempting to retrieve his titular creation after being injured by water spirits.
Answer: The Sunken Bell or Die versunkene Glocke
[10] The Sunken Bell is a play by this author of The Beaver Coat and The Weavers.
Answer: Gerhart Hauptmann
[10] Heinrich leaves his wife Magda for this mountain sprite, who marries the Nickelmann but returns to Heinrich as he is dying.
Answer: Rautendelein
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Answer these questions about authors of works with Saturday in the title, for 10 points each:,
[10] Neurosurgeon Henry Perowne recognizes the signs of Huntington's Chorea in the thuggish Baxter in Saturday, a novel by this author of Enduring Love and On Chesil Beach.
Answer: Ian McEwan
[10] "The Peaches," "A Visit to Grandpa's," and "One Warm Saturday" are among the stories in this collection by Dylan Thomas the title of which is adapted from a James Joyce work.
Answer: Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog
[10] Phil Garrity crashes his new Lincoln and kills Dopey and Jack at the end of this man's story "Saturday Night," though he is better known for novels like Gas-House McGinty and Judgment Day.
Answer: James T. Farrell
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Name these ships which caused some crazy affairs in American history, FTPE.,
[10] This revenue boat commanded by William Dudingston ran aground in Rhode Island and a bunch of patriots led by Abraham Whipple boarded and burned it in 1772.
Answer: HMS Gaspee
[10] This intelligence ship commanded by Lloyd Bucher was captured by North Korea in 1968, sparking a crisis that was reinvigorated when Korean leaders discovered that Bucher's supposed confession implied that he'd like to pee on Kim il Sung.
Answer: USS Pueblo
[10] En route from New York City to Mobile in 1854, this merchant steamer was seized in Havana and fined for violating customs regulations by Spanish authorities; the incident nearly caused war and was condemned in the Ostend Manifesto the same year.
Answer: Black Warrior
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Answer the following about a type of number, FTPE.,
[10] This is the name to given to irrational numbers which are not the solutions of a polynomial equation with rational coefficients.
Answer: Transcendental
[10] Numbers such as e to the pi power and 2 to the square root of 2 power are known to be transcendental via this theorem which affirmatively answered Hilbert's seventh problem.
Answer: Gelfond-Schneider theorem
[10] Not yet proven, this conjecture suggests that given a set of linearly independent over the rational numbers then a particular extension field of that set has a transcendence degree of at least n over the rationals. If proven it would imply the Gelfond-Schneider theorem.
Answer: Schanuel's conjecture

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