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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Editors 7
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According to one account, the men involved in this incident ate food from the same dish as the dogs, who then refused to eat from that dish. The family of one of the men involved was said to be cursed to always have either too much or too little water, and a legend about another of the men involved claims that he founded the McMahon family in Ireland. Edward Grim was wounded during this incident. Its target had opposed the marriage of the Count of Poitou to Isabel de Warenne, which may have led Richard Brito to participate in it. After learning that the Scottish king favored hanging them, the perpetrators took shelter at Knaresborough before surrendering and performing penance at Black Mountain. This event was inspired by an off-the-cuff remark asking for ``someone to rid me of this pesky priest,'' which Brito, William de Tracy, Hugh de Moreville, and Reginald Fitzurse took seriously. For 10 points, name this event in which four Norman knights supposed that Henry II wanted a certain Archbishop of Canterbury dead.
Answer: murder of Thomas a Becket [accept equivalents mentioning Becket; prompt on Murder in the Cathedral for Becket]
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It takes issue with the ideas of Karl von Savigny and his fixation on Roman antecedents. It cites Julien Lehuerou on the importance of proceeding theoretically and quotes Hankford at length on the responsibilities of bailors. One of this work's key themes is the relationship between form and substance, illustrated in its discussion of the Peerless case. Although it adopted the same historical approach as an earlier work by Henry Summer Maine, it originated from a series of twelve lectures its author prepared for the Lowell Institute, and was probably inspired after a reading of C.C. Langdell's work on Contracts. Including such notable sections as "Successions," "Early Forms of Liability," and "Trespass and Negligence," it famously begins by asserting, ``The life of the law has not been logic: it has been experience.'' For 10 points, identify this 1881 work named for the body of principles and rules that originates not from the legislature, but from judicial decisions, the masterpiece of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
Answer: The Common Law
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Samuel Murray has hypothesized that the first-discovered member of this class of molecules was actually a fragment of spp-24 that binds to them. Mesenchymal cells of the septum transversum use one of these molecules as a signal to induce albumin expression in the endoderm of the liver. Interaction between type I and type II receptors of this class of molecules can lead to the initiation of transcription of R-Smads, and juvenile polyposis can be mimicked through overexpression of noggin, an inhibitor of them. They were first discovered by Marshall Urist, and a gradient in them regulates the expression of Msx, a protein necessary for the specification of the neural crest. For 10 points, name this class of proteins named for their ability to induce formation of new bone tissue.
Answer: BMPs [or bone morphogenetic proteins; or osteogenic proteins; or OPs]
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One chapter of this book discusses the effect of minnesang on the social life of knights. This work describes the evolution of monopoly control of taxes and the army during the middle ages in its third part, "Feudalization and State Formation." Its fourth and final part analyzes the shift of the nobility from warriors to courtiers. This book cites excerpts from Erasmus' De civitate morum puerilium, such as "It is impolite to greet someone who is urinating or defecating," in its section "Changes in Attitudes Toward the Natural Functions." Its second part includes chapters titled "On Behavior in the Bedroom," "On Spitting," and "On Blowing One's Nose," which cite historical books of etiquette. Subtitled "Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic Investigations," it includes a curve showing a historical rise in the levels of embarrassment and repugnance. For 10 points, name this book about the evolution of self-restraint and table manners in Western societies, written by Norbert Elias.
Answer: The Civilizing Process: Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic Investigations [or Über den Prozess der Zivilisation: Soziogenetische und Psychogenetische Untersuchungen]
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At one point in this story, one character tells another that he has a lot of luck and that he ``ought to play the races.'' That exchange is followed by another character visiting Hirsch's rooming house where that character encounters a man lying on a bed ``with all his clothes on.'' Later, another figure speculates that the man lying in the bed must have been mixed up with something in Chicago. The first scene is set at a location with a long mirror that runs along the counter and had once been a bar. It opens with a man ordering a roast pork tenderloin with applesauce, at which point he is told that he can't have said item until dinner. After this response, the workers, including Sam, the black cook, are harassed by two identically dressed men in suits named Max and Al, who turn out to be the title figures. It ends with George, the proprietor of Henry's Lunch Room, discussing the fate of an old Swedish boxer with its young protagonist, who is also featured in such stories as ``Cross Country Snow'' and ``Big Two Hearted River.'' For 10 points, identify this Nick Adams tale, a work about the impending murder of Ole Andreson by Ernest Hemingway.
Answer: ``The Killers''
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One portion of this event was witnessed by reporters at the Caravelle Hotel, who were caught in fighting over a racetrack. Successful deception about the intent of this action led the targets to launch Operation Checkers and Operation Niagara. The victors in this action were directed by the Chairman of the Central Office because that group's top general was hiding out in Hungary in fear of political reprisals for his accused role in the Anti-Party Affair. It began with diversionary attacks on small towns and a siege of a Marine base, and ultimately included attacks on sixty-four district capitals. As a result of this event, the former Imperial seat at Hue was occupied for three weeks, which came as a surprise due to incorrect predictions by William Westmoreland. Walter Cronkite's reporting on this action heavily influenced Lyndon Johnson's decision not to run for re-election. For 10 points, name this series of 1968 Viet Cong attacks which began on the Vietnamese lunar new year.
Answer: The Tet Offensive
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In one of them, the speaker asks that the paper he composes upon be blessed, while another describes the fatality of the butterfly. They include a characterization of the world as ``changing and arrogant'' and a plea to the stars for the return of the gone day. Another reflects that it has been seventeen years since the speaker has ``burned with fire.'' Often published alongside two of its author's letters, The Ascent of Mount Ventoux and The Letter to Posterity, one of them, ``If it's not love, then what is that I feel,'' was adapted for Troilus and Criseyde by Chaucer. Originally given the name Rerum vulgarium fragmenta, they were championed by Pietro Bembo and subsequent editors divided them into two sections: poems composed during their primary subject's life and poems composed after her death. Including such poems as, ``Oh God! That lovely face, that Gentle Look,'' and, ``Diana never pleased her lover more,'' its author completed 366 of these poems in all, with 317 of them written in his namesake sonnet style. For 10 points, identify this collection of verse focusing on a tortured poet's love for Laura, a work by Petrarch.
Answer: Canzoniere[also accept Song Book and accept Rerum vulgarium fragmenta before it is said]
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One of these phenomena occurs during the manganese-catalyzed decarboxylation of oxaloacetate, but not in the enzyme-catalyzed version. The Bartell model of the ``molar volume'' one of them is only applicable to liquids near their melting point, and another type of them can be described by the Gross-Butler equation. Wolfsberg revised the Bigeleisen-Mayer equation, which governs these phenomena, to account for anharmonicity. Dependence of a reaction rate on this kind of effect is known as the ``kinetic'' variety, and can be used to probe mechanisms of enzyme function. For 10 points, name these effects caused by the substitution of one atom with another atom of equivalent atomic number and different atomic mass.
Answer: isotope effects
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During a visit to Luna Park, its protagonist saves a drunken piglet from a gaming booth and ends up dancing. In another scene, the jilted antagonist circles a newspaper ad for the United States Real Estate Co. Its centerpiece is a tram scene, followed by a then-revolutionary chase through city traffic. The first film released using the Fox Movietone system, it featured a score by Hugo Riesenfeld that used a French horn during the climactic scenes revolving around a woman's disappearance in a boat. Its director's American debut, it was subtitled ``A Song for Two Humans,'' and follows the ups and downs of a relationship between archetypal figures played by George O'Brien and Janet Gaynor. For 10 points, identify this 1927 work which ends with the titular event cementing the reconciliation of the country man and the country woman, a film by F.W. Murnau.
Answer: Sunrise
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In a letter to his publisher, their creator called them ``an intimate slice of life.'' Yet, in such works as ``Sylfide,'' with its quick ¾ time tempo, they also alluded to the myths and stories of the composer's homeland. They included such melancholy works as ``Ballad'' as well as a work dedicated to the composer's wife Nina and known as ``Erotikon.'' ``Sailor's Song'' was meant to be played quickly and aggressively, while ``To Spring,'' the final part of the composer's Opus 43, was inspired by the Norwegian springtime. Written over the course of the composer's entire career, by 1901 when the tenth and final suite was released, sixty six of them had been completed, including the notable pair, ``The March of the Dwarves'' and ``Wedding at Troldhaugen.'' For 10 points, identify these short works for solo piano by Edvard Grieg.
Answer: Lyric Pieces
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An alternative version of this operation was conceived by and named for Percy Daniell, while Fatou's lemma states that this operation on a limit approaching infinity is less than or equal to the limit approaching infinity of this operation. This operator's namesake proved the dominated convergence theorem, which establishes conditions for which pointwise convergence commutes with this operation. The monotone convergence theorem does not work on this operation's predecessor, and that namesake's eponymous measure provides the grounding with which a function is integrated. For 10 points, name this type of integration, a generalization of the Riemann integral named for a Frenchman.
Answer: Lebesgue integral or Lebesgue integration [prompt on integral or integration until ``namesake'']
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In one of his stories, the prostitute Dede cuts her throat to avoid being sexually abused by soldiers and Marjomi and Emokhai lament their poverty. In another, the shooting of a disfigured woman by three soldiers on the evening of an eclipse is witnessed by the boy Omovo. Those two stories, In the City of Red Dust and In the Shadow of War, were published in his collection Stars of the New Curfew. This man's poetry collections include Mental Fight, and he published a collection of essays, A Way of Being Free. In another work, an artist loses his paintings to the authorities and dreams about escaping to the US with his neighbor's wife. That novel, Dangerous Love, was preceded by such works Flowers and Shadows. In another novel, politicians from the Party of the Rich distribute contaminated milk, the central family is aided by Madame Koto, and the protagonist's father relates the story of a giant whose stomach is washed onto the titular path. For 10 points, identify this Nigerian author who created the abiku Azaro in his Booker prize winning The Famished Road.
Answer: Ben Okri
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It argued for two kinds of love, a love of charity and a love of viciousness. Its third section focused on certain ideas popularized by Luis de Molina, while its second discussed the Fall of Man and emphasized a particular interpretation of ``efficacious grace.'' Primarily concerned with denouncing those who worship Aristotle, who are characterized as modern Pelagians, it was published five years after its author's earlier work, Mars Gallicus. Its propositions on predestination were condemned first by the Sorbonne and then in a bull called Cum Occasione by Pope Innocent X. Posthumously published in 1640, its ideas were defended by such thinkers as Antoine Arnauld and in such works as The Provincial Letters by Blaise Pascal. Written by a Bishop of Ypres, for 10 points, identify this foundational text of Jansenism named after the author of City of God.
Answer: The Augustinus
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A successful attack on this city, launched from a camp named Toron, was aided by early relief from James of Avesnes and "the fleet of Danemark". Another siege of this city saw large bounties given to men who were able to break off pieces of its Tower of the Flies and the Accursed Tower, which saw the transfer of troop command to Hugh III after Philip Augustus abandoned that siege. Gregory X attempted to relieve some defenders of this city which ultimately fell to Al-Ashraf Khalil, while an earlier siege was started by the newly released from prison Guy de Lusignan. After the fall of this city in 1291, the office of the King of Jerusalem moved to Cyprus. For 10 points, name this port city in the Holy Land successfully besieged by Richard I in the early days of the Third Crusade.
Answer: Acre
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Its subject may have been inspired by Michelangelo's last paintings in the Vatican. Originally commissioned to complement an altarpiece by Annibale Carraci in the Santa Maria del Popolo by the Papal Treasurer, Tiberio Cerasi, this work displays a plumed helmet on the bottom of the canvas. The helmet and a spread out red cloak belong to the title figure, whose eyes are closed and arms are outstretched. Depicting a moment recounted in the Acts of the Apostles, it features an old man with an enormous varicose vein trying to restrain a large animal, whose bulk dominates much of the painting. Notable for its use of foreshortening, for 10 points, identify this 1601 depiction of the moment a saint is nearly trampled by a horse and finds god, a painting by Caravaggio
Answer: The Conversion of St. Paul on the Way to Damascus
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This play features an oath sworn on a sword right before one of its main characters tries to procure his own sister, Gratiana. One of its characters rationalizes his actions by noting that a ``bastard by nature should make cuckolds / because he is the son of a cuckold maker.'' That figure, Spurio, allows himself to be seduced by his step-mother, whose real son is charged with the rape of the virtuous Lord Antonio's wife in the first Act. The two protagonists spend much of this play disguised as men named Carlo and Piato, and in one notable scene a character is killed after kissing a poisoned skeleton. Its sources include Heliodorus' Aethiopian History, which features a similar scene to the one where Lussurioso bursts in on his father in bed, as well as Seneca's bloody Thyestes. It opens with the protagonist telling of his mistress' murder at the hands of the Duke as he cradles her skull and vows to get even. For 10 points, identify this Jacobean drama featuring the aptly named Vindice, a work attributed to both Thomas Middleton and Cyril Tourneur.
Answer: The Revenger's Tragedy
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The artist behind the 1983 solo album Youngblood would sit except when singing this song in later concerts, and his success on it led to him being selected to sing lead on "Wild Honey" and "Darlin'". Jay Migliori played sax on this pop song's intro, and one cover of this song preceded a duet with Tina Turner on David Bowie's 1984 album Tonight. Mandy Moore's character Hilary Faye sings this song in the beginning of Saved. At one point, its singer states "the world could show nothing to me / so what good would living do me?" Coming after "Sloop John B" on an album Rolling Stone ranked the 2nd best of all time, it begins, "I may not always love you." Sung by Carl Wilson, for 10 points, name this Beach Boys song from Pet Sounds, which controversially invoked a deity in its title.
Answer: God Only Knows
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The Institute of Red Professors became known as this man's ``school,'' and he was later accused of composing the Riutin Platform. This man published such theoretical works as The Economics of the Transitional Period and The Theory of Historical Materialism, and he collaborated with Yevgeny Preobrazhensky to write The ABC of Communism. He spent five months in New York editing the newspaper New World, and he later resigned from Pravda to protest the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. He was serving as editor of Izvestia when he was accused of affilating with Mikhail Tomsky and Alexey Rykov, the ``right opposition.'' For 10 points, name this NEP supporter who was executed in 1938 following the last of the purge trials.
Answer: Nikolay Ivanovich Bukharin
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The Kayser-Runge formulas were an early empirical derivation of this, and the theoretical decrement of this was studied by Plaskett and Cillie. Schmidt found a severely red-shifted version of this in 3C273, thereby elucidating the nature of quasars. Its analog in helium is found in Wolf-Rayet stars and is named for Pickering. Corresponding to the Fraunhofer lines C, F, G-prime, and h, their usefulness results from a broadening caused by the Stark effect, and they can be seen when electrons drop to the n = 2 energy level, thus placing them between the Paschen and Lyman groups. Derivable from the Rydberg formula, for 10 points, identify this set of four spectral line emissions of the hydrogen atom, located in the visible light spectrum.
Answer: Balmer series [or Balmer lines]
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During it, a pair of sisters made themselves pregnant with sticks. It also saw the revenge of a thrush, who flooded the earth. Lucien Levy Bruhl discussed its structure and referred to it as the Alcheringa. However, its more common name was coined in 1896 from an Arunta word which precipitated a controversy between Pastor Strehlow and the research team of Gillen and Spencer, who coined its name. During it, a creature now said to live under a waterfall in Kakadu arose and released all of the animals in its belly. In addition to the awakening of Ngalmudj, the Rainbow Serpent, its climax saw the retreat of the spirit ancestors and the formation of such sacred sites as Uluru, commonly known as Ayers Rock. Also known as ``the World Dawn,'' for 10 points, identify this primordial mythological period of the Australian Aborigines.
Answer: The Dreamtime or The Dreaming
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Jean-Pierre Petit used an elliptic solution of this to derive the Friedmann equations in a paper on galactic dynamics. This was developed by its namesake when considering the implications of the experiments of Merrill and Webb on Boltzmann's equation. The name of Poisson is appended to this equation when considering the zero-magnetic field limit, a situation that occurs in double layers. Mathematically it consists of many statements that relate the distribution functions of ions and electrons which vary with momentum, position, and time. Applying in situations involving charged particles that undergo long-range Coulomb interaction, for 10 points, identify this system of equations that describes the dynamics of plasmas.
Answer: Vlasov equations
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This volume's key ideas were opposed by men such as Stringfellow Barr. This collection includes a study of William Remington's individualism, as well as an encomium to a fictional, classically educated character named Cousin Lucius that was written by John Donald Wade. Another author, better known for his novel The Fathers and such verse as ``The Mediterranean,'' contributed an essay examining ``Religion as Time.'' This compilation featured a ``Statement of Principles'' that asked how far a group should surrender its ``moral, social and economic autonomy, to the victorious principle of Union?'' Its last essay, ``The Briar Patch,'' discussed the status of blacks and was contributed by Robert Penn Warren. This volume, which features 12 pieces in all, begins with the essay ``Reconstructed but Unregenerate,'' a work that attacked progressivism and championed a Jeffersonian ``culture of the soil,'' written by John Crowe Ransom. Primarily associated with the Fugitive Movement and Vanderbilt University, for 10 points, identify this 1930 collection of essays subtitled ``The South and the Agrarian Tradition.''
Answer: I'll Take My Stand
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The 1979 Penrose Prize was given to the man who correctly postulated the origin of this region, J. Harlan Bretz. Trenched spurs and the Ephrata boulders are some of the unusual landforms in this area, which also includes the Frenchmen Hills and the Cheney-Palouse Tract as well as the Drumheller Channels through which Crab Creek flows. Located south of the Okanogan Highlands, this area has Wallula Gap near its end, and it also includes Sun Lakes State Park, where a three-mile-wide section of plucked columnar basalt known as Dry Falls is located at the head of the Grand Coulee. Formed by the emptying of glacial Lake Missoula approximately 12,000 years ago, for 10 points, identify this large region in Eastern Washington state known for its large-scale fluvial topography.
Answer: The Channeled Scablands
 
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Editors 7
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This supporter of Mani, of Manichaeism fame, suffered a defeat at Resaina in 243 A.D. and made the captives from one of his greatest victories build a city sometimes known as Beth Lapat. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son of Ardashir I, a Sasanian king who defeated and captured Valerian I.
Answer: Shapur I [or Sapor I or Sabur I]
[10] The aforementioned defeat of Valerian took place at this site in modern day Turkey. It shares its name with a county established during the crusades which bordered Armenia Cilicia and Antioch.
Answer: Battle of Edessa
[10] Valerian was one of many emperors during the Crisis of the Third Century, which was ended by the ascension of this emperor. He issued the unsuccessful Edict of Maximum Prices and notably appointed Maximian to the office of Augustus in 286.
Answer: Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus [or Diocles]
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General relativity is not the only mathematically sound explanation for gravity. For 10 points each:,
[10] This theory of gravity, whose two field equations involve the Laplace-Beltrami operator and the Einstein tensor, incorporates a scalar field with variable values of the gravitational constant into the existing metric tensor of general relativity.
Answer: Jordan-Brans-Dicke theory
[10] Robert Dicke, of Brans-Dicke theory fame, was the first to note this "problem" in the big bang model, the fact that the density ratio omega of the universe is improbably close to 1.
Answer: flatness problem
[10] This scientist's theory of cosmic inflation resolved not only the flatness problem, but the horizon problem as well.
Answer: Alan Harvey Guth
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Subtitled ``Seven Studies in Literature," it begins with a consideration of Dickens' trauma and his novels. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1929 work that takes its name from Sophocles' Philoctetes and argues that artistic success or superior strength often derives from or is inseparable from disability.
Answer: The Wound and the Bow
[10] The Wound and the Bow was written by this American man of letters whose other works include his study of symbolism, Axel's Castle, as well as the literature of the Civil War, Patriotic Gore.
Answer: Edmund Wilson
[10] The second section of Edmund Wilson's The Wound and the Bow argued for the literary relevance of this British author whose poetry includes ``Recessional'' and the Barrack Room Ballads.
Answer:
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Name these dry places, for 10 points each.,
[10] The name of this driest desert in Asia is translated by the Uygur people as "you can get into it but you can never get out." It is located in the Tarim Basin and is bounded by the Kunlun Mountains, Pamir Mounatains, and Tian Shan.
Answer: Taklimakan Desert
[10] The driest place in Africa is in the Sahara's Tanezrouft region, found in this large country that also contains the Aures and Tassili n'Ajjer mountains, the cities of Constantine and Oran, and the Tademait plateau.
Answer: Algeria
[10] Mulka Station on the Birdsville track is the driest place in Australia and is found in this small desert adjacent to the Simpson Desert.
Answer: Tirari Desert
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Its notable characters include the pianist Klesmer and the painter Hans Meyrick. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1876 work, whose title character was raised by Hugo Mallinger, but actually turns out to be the son of Countess Maria Alcharisi.
Answer: Daniel Deronda
[10] After the death of her domineering husband in Genoa, this heroine of Eliot's Daniel Deronda, who once wanted to be a singer, seeks out but is eventually rejected by the title character in favor of Mirah Cohen.
Answer: Gwendolen Harleth [accept either name]
[10] Gwendolen actually marries Henleigh Grandcourt despite the protestations of this woman, who had a long standing relationship and children with him.
Answer: Lydia Glasher [accept either name]
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This work uses the example of a hammer as an object to distinguish between Zuhandensein and Vorhandensein, or ``At-handedness'' and ``Off-handedness''. For ten points each:,
[10] Name this philosophical work published in 1927 which analyzes the Mitwelt and Umwelt and uses phenomenological ontology to analyze the human concept of Dasein.
Answer: Being and Time [accept Sein und Zeit]
[10] The first of Heidegger's works to be translated into English, this work compiled from a 1935 lecture series focuses on ``The Question of the Essence of Being'' and is marked by an increased emphasis on pre-Socratic philosophy.
Answer: An Introduction to Metaphysics [accept Einfuhrung in die Metaphysik]
[10] This essay, published in Off the Beaten Track, analyzes a Van Gogh painting of a pair of shoes to depict the representation of an object's essence and theorizes the titular concept as a conflict between world and earth.
Answer: The Origin of the Work of Art [accept Der Ursprung des Kunstwerkes]
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Answer the following about race tracks and paintings, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Frenchman's earliest works of the track include Jockeys at Epsom, but his most famous work based on the subject is 1866's Steeple-Chase.
Answer: Edgar Degas
[10] Degas attended races with this contemporary in the late 1860s. He painted such track inspired works as The Races at Longchamps, but remains better known today for pieces like The Bar at the Folies Bergere.
Answer: Edouard Manet
[10] This American's symbolic masterpiece Death on a Pale Horse was subtitled ``The Racetrack.''
Answer: Albert Pinkham Ryder
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This man's namesake plan to prevent a defeated Germany from starting World War III included dismantling its heavy industry, closing its mines, and turning it into, in the words of Goebbels, a "potato field." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this longtime Secretary of the Treasury under Franklin Roosevelt, who elucidated that plan in the work Germany Is Our Problem.
Answer: Henry Morgenthau, Jr.
[10] Much of the Morgenthau Plan was devised by this Undersecretary of the Treasury, who was posthumously implicated in a spy ring by Elizabeth Bentley.
Answer: Harry Dexter White
[10] Both Morgenthau and White were instrumental in setting up this conference, which created the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and a namesake system of currency relations.
Answer: United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference at Bretton Woods [accept either underlined part]
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Answer the following about a mythological figure, for 10 points each.,
[10] While hunting deer on Mt. Hymettus, this man's good looks drew the attention of Eos, who kidnapped him and kept him for many years against his will. This absence eventually poisoned the relationship with his wife, Procris.
Answer: Cephalus
[10] According to some stories, Cephalus was the son of this god, who may be better known as the slayer of the hundred eyed monster Argus.
Answer: Hermes
[10] Cephalus later helped this Theban general, the cuckolded husband of Alcmene, get rid of the Teumessian Fox.
Answer: Amphitryon
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A positive result in this test shows purple cells, while a negative result shows red cells. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this test that divides bacteria into two classes: those that contain a dense layer of peptidoglycan in their cell walls and those that do not.
Answer: Gram staining
[10] This primary dye in Gram staining is also sometimes used as an antifungal agent to treat yeast infections.
Answer: gentian violet [or crystal violet; or methyl violet; there's some unclear relationship between the three of them, so be lenient and accept any of them]
[10] This term refers to any dye, such as Gram's Iodine, that fixes and/or intensifies the primary stain, often by forming an insoluble complex.
Answer: mordant
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Its action is set in Yakshapuri. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this play named for the symbol its protagonist, Nandini, adopts while leading a revolt against a brutal mining program.
Answer: Red Oleander(s) or Raktakarabi
[10] Red Oleanders was written by this author best known for such poetry collections as The Golden Boat and Gitanjali.
Answer: Rabindranath Tagore
[10] This 1908 work is set on a Bengali estate and focuses on Bimala, who must choose between the demands made on her by the political leader, Sandip, and the duty owed to her husband, Nikhil.
Answer: The Home and the World or Ghare Baire
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He argued that buildings should be designed according to Vitruvius' prescriptions. For the stated number of points:,
[5] For 5, identify this British architect whose works include the Queen's House at Greenwich and the Banqueting House at Whitehall.
Answer: Inigo Jones
[10] Jones would later design a Roman Catholic Chapel for the expansion of this building that once belonged to the Seymour family, but was demolished in 1775. It was later rebuilt under the direction of William Chambers and now overlooks the Thames once more. Name it for 10.
Answer: Somerset House
[5] In the autumn of 1620, while James I was staying at Wilton, he sent Jones to produce a treatise that would prove this ancient nearby structure was actually built by the Romans. Name it for 5.
Answer: Stonehenge
[10] For a final 10, it was at this location that Jones was commissioned by the Earl of Bedford to create London's first square.
Answer: Covent Garden
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This economist argued that famines are caused by inefficient distribution of food, not absolute scarcity. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Poverty and Famines, who pioneered welfare economics in works like Collective Choice and Social Welfare.
Answer: Amartya Kumar Sen
[10] In this 1979 Tanner Lecture on Human Values, Sen criticizes utilitarian, total utility, and Rawlsian formulations of the title concept because they privilege economic development over human rights. Instead, it argues that the answer to the title question should be grounded in the "basic capabilities" of human beings.
Answer: "Equality of What?"
[10] In college, Sen studied with this economist, who attacked Neo-Keynesian theorists during the Cambridge Capital Controversy and extended the ideas of Keynes to long-term concerns of growth in The Accumulation of Capital.
Answer: Joan Violet Robinson
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Originally written in French, this work would remain unpublished until 1962. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work that revolves around the titular African, who gives up his shamanistic practices to travel to Moscow and embrace Lenin.
Answer: Toda Raba
[10] This Cretan author of the poem The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel and The Last Temptation of Christ wrote Toda Raba.
Answer: Nikos Kazantzakis
[10] This Kazantzakis work, which is sometimes named for the leader of a Cretan community and features such characters as the protagonist's wife Katerina and his antagonistic blood brother Nuri Bey, depicts an 1889 rebellion against the Ottoman Empire.
Answer: Freedom and Death or Freedom or Death or Captain Michalis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these condensation reactions.,
[10] This reaction forms a carbon-carbon bond between the alpha carbon of one carbonyl compound and the carbonyl compound of a second. One of the carbonyl groups is also reduced to a hydroxyl group.
Answer: aldol condensation
[10] Malonic acid and pyridine are used in the Doebner modification of this reaction, in which an active methylene compound reacts with a carbonyl compound to yield an alpha, beta-unsaturated compound.
Answer: Knoevenagel condensation
[10] Coumarins are produced from the reaction of phenols and beta-ketoesters in acidic solution via this condensation reaction.
Answer: Pechmann condensation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His Milk for Babes was a well known catechism for kids. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Puritan clergyman who advocated for the right of ministers to preach to their congregations in such works as The Keys to the Kingdom of Heaven and The Way of the Churches of Christ in New England.
Answer: John Cotton
[10] John Cotton was the chief instigator of Anne Hutchinson's persecution. He accused her of this heresy, whose followers believed that Christians were not bound by the Church's teachings or the moral law of the Old Testament.
Answer: antinomianism
[10] Sometimes known as the ``high attainers,'' this British antinomian group led by men like Laurence Claxon became prominent during the early 1650s and was given a pejorative name that implied they were crazy.
Answer: The Ranters
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It succeeded the Kingdom of Asturias after Ordono II moved the capital from Oviedo. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Spanish kingdom united with Castile under Ferdinand III.
Answer: Kingdom of Leon
[10] Following the death of Garcia of Castile, Bermudo III of Leon fought with this brother-in-law over Castile, who was crowned in Leon in 1034, but died a year later after splitting Iberia among his four sons.
Answer: Sancho III Garces [or Sancho the Great; prompt on Sancho]
[10] At the 1090 Council of Leon, Pedro of Cardena was deposed as bishop of this cathedral, to which pilgrims journey along the Way of St. James. Bishops of this cathedral also served as royal notaries starting under Ferdinand III.
Answer: Santiago de Compostela [prompt on partial answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about some related pieces of music, for 10 points each.,
[10] This pastoral ``romance for violin and orchestra'' ends with a solo cadenza and was inspired by a George Meredith poem of the same name.
Answer: The Lark Ascending
[10] With a coda suggested by H.G. Wells' Tono Bungay, this four part work in G major at one point uses a harp to quote the half-hour chimes of Westminster.
Answer: A London Symphony or Ralph Vaughn Williams' Symphony No. 2
[10] This man composed both A Lark Ascending and A London Symphony.
Answer: Ralph Vaughn Williams
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
After Fanfani's resignation, he became his own foreign minister for a time. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this Christian Democrat who was kidnapped by members of the Red Brigade in a mysterious ``affair'' in 1978, a couple years after his second stint as his nation's Prime Minister.
Answer: Aldo Moro
[10] This man's namesake ``crisis'' consisted of his murder by Fascist squadristi and burial outside of Rome and led to the ``Aventine Succession,'' which did not succeed in its opposition to Mussolini.
Answer: Giacomo Matteotti
[10] Another mysterious Italian death was that of this 1960s anarchist arrested under the ``strategy of tension,'' who somehow fell four floors from a Milan police station window; the state never successfully prosecuted the case.
Answer: Giuseppe Pinelli
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about measuring distances in the universe, for 10 points each.,
[10] This doubly eponymous relation shows a proportional relationship between the 21-centimeter velocity width of a spiral galaxy and its absolute magnitude, allowing a good estimation of distance.
Answer: Tully-Fisher relation
[10] This other relation replaces the velocity width in the Tully-Fisher relation with the central velocity dispersion of the galaxy, allowing distance to be calculated from observed flux density.
Answer: Faber-Jackson relation
[10] A far more pedestrian method of determining galaxy distances is to use the well-known period-luminosity relationships of these types of stars and using them as a standard candle.
Answer: Cepheid variables
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They help spread out bandwidth costs and the pure type lack a single point of failure. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of network which can be entirely server-free, exemplified in protocols like Ares and Gnutella.
Answer: Peer-To-Peer Network [or P2P Network]
[10] Many decentralized peer-to-peer networks, such as Chord, rely on these type of nodes, which make other nodes aware of peers on the network. The term is also applied to a type of self-hosting compiler that compiles code in the language in which it is written.
Answer: Bootstrapping Nodes [accept word forms]
[10] Connections to other nodes in Freenet, one of the earliest P2P networks, hinges on the Darknet being this type of network, which is defined as a connected graph whose diameter can be greatly reduced by adding a few random edges. Watts and Strogatz came up with a way to generate these.
Answer: Small World Network
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its components include nationalism, social justice, and belief in one God, and they are represented on the Indonesian coat of arms. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this political ideology, often translated as ``five principles,'' that became the basis for the Indonesian constitution and have continued under more recent Islamic rule.
Answer: Pancasila [or Pantjasila]
[10] This nationalist leader enumerated the Pancasila in a 1945 speech, the culmination of a committee for the independence of Indonesia from Japan, and chose Mohammad Hatta as the first Indonesian Vice President. He would lead the nation until a 1966 army overthrow.
Answer: Sukarno [or Soekarno]
[10] Sukarno also developed this policy of effective dictatorship. Associated concepts include a rather communistic economy, Nasakom, and Manipol-USDEK, the former part of which refers to the 1959 speech outlining its principles.
Answer: Guided Democracy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
First published in 1903, it is divided into four sections corresponding to the seasons. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this George Gissing novel, a set of fictional reminiscences by the title author who has recently been released from financial worry by a legacy.
Answer: The Private Papers of Henry Ryecroft
[10] This 1891 novel documenting the struggles of Edwin Reardon and the compromised success of Jasper Milvain may be Gissing's best known work.
Answer: New Grub Street
[10] In this 1893 work by Gissing, the eyes of the title figures, Virginia and Alice Madden, are opened to opportunity by their feminist friend Rhoda Nunn.
Answer: The Odd Women
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The first theorem in this series states that, for a prime number p, if p to the k divides the order of a group G, then G has at least one subgroup of order p to the k. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this set of three theorems central to group theory.
Answer: Sylow theorems
[10] The third Sylow theorem provides that any two Sylow p-subgroups of a group G have this relation to one another.
Answer: they are conjugates
[10] The finite variety of groups of this type have been greatly studied and extensively classified. For a group to be in this category, its only normal subgroups can be the identity and the whole group.
Answer: (finite) simple group

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