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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Editors 6
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Its first territorial governor was a colonel of the Squirrel Hunters named Sidney Edgerton, while later territorial governors included a corrupt former governor of Kentucky nicknamed the "Coldwater Governor," Preston Leslie. One senator from this state was set to be FDR's first attorney general before he died in 1933, a man replaced by James Edward Murray. Besides Thomas J. Walsh, another senator from this state publicized the secret Victory Plan on the eve of Pearl Harbor, was the subject of the anti-communist pamphlet "The Plot Against America," and was Robert La Follette's 1924 running mate. A battle fought in this state saw fighting on Reno Hill and reinforcements under Frederick Benteen fighting against troops partially commanded by Chief Gall. For 10 points, name this state home to Progressive senator Burton K. Wheeler, the site of a defeat of the 7th Calvary Regiment by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull, the Battle of Little Bighorn.
Answer: Montana
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A solution of this molecule is often used to extract impurities in the Kolbe nitrile synthesis. Limestone and dolomite are sometimes differentiated by applying a solution of this molecule to the rock, since dolomite will only react with it if powdered. Manganese dioxide reacts with this compound in the Weldon process, and the Alkali Act of 1863 required soda producers using the Leblanc process to absorb ninety-five percent of this byproduct. It is combusted in the Deacon process. The Lucas reagent consists of zinc chloride dissolved in a solution of this molecule, and the Clemmensen reduction proceeds in the presence of a zinc amalgam and this molecule. For 10 points, name this strong acid that combines with nitric acid to form aqua regia.
Answer: hydrochloric acid [or HCl; or muriatic acid]
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The best known work associated with this building is based on The Golden Legend and depicts a group of men who were beaten to death on Diocletian's orders. On the ground floor, one can see Andrea Orcagna's marble tabernacle, which enshrines Bernardo Daddi's Madonna. Originally built on the site of an orchard, it housed a grain storage center, but became a hub of artistic activity after the seven major guilds were charged with decorating it in 1339. This resulted in the silk merchants bringing in Baccio to create St. John the Evangelist, while the Bankers sponsored Lorenzo Ghiberti's Saint Mathew. Located between the Palazzo della Signoria and Il Duomo, for 10 points, identify this building in Florence, best known for its fourteen niches, which hold such individual masterpieces as The Four Saints by Nanni di Banco and Donatello's St. Mark.
Answer: Orsanmichele
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He argued for a reduction of taxes on farmers and established the system of Langars, or communal kitchens. In addition to constructing a colony for lepers at Tarn Taran, he taught that all, including women, were welcome in the Gurdwara. Also called the ``Sacha Patshah,'' or ``True Emperor,'' his support of Prince Khusrau led to his capture by Murtaza Khan. He was subsequently burned and executed under the direction of Jahangir. His greatest accomplishment was precipitated by the false teachings of men like Prithi Chand and dictated to Bhai Gurdas. That accomplishment was first displayed within the Harmandir Sahib in 1604. For 10 points, identify this Sikh holy man who was preceded by his father Ram Das as Guru, and who compiled the Adi Granth.
Answer: Guru Arjun Dev
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One character in this work almost drowns in a shower when she sits on the drain, and another is left by his wife because he compares humans to computers. Other events include the Duke di Angelis quartet deciding to play a piece without instruments and the break-in of sailors who believe that the apartment is a brothel. Upstairs, another character dictates a theory to Aubade while cradling a dying bird in his hands. Describing a lease-breaking party thrown by Meatball Mulligan, for 10 points, name this work in which the thermometer always reads thirty-seven degrees and Callisto envisions a ``heat-death for his culture,'' a short story by Thomas Pynchon.
Answer: ``Entropy''
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This country hopes to develop a carbon-neutral futuristic city at Zira and this country is also known for its high number of mud volcanoes, particularly around Gobustan. Mount Bazar Dyuzi is its highest point, and the Kur river provides much of this country's hydroelectricity while the Aras river forms most of its southern border. This country's main source of crude oil, Oil Rocks, is also a functioning city of several thousand people built 45 kilometers offshore, and this country still claims but no longer controls the area around Susa that it calls Dagliq Qarabag. Also including the exclave of Naxicivan and the Apsheron peninsula, this is, for 10 points, what oil-rich country with capital at Baku?
Answer: Azerbaijan
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This composer's choral music included such songs as ``The Renegade,'' and ``My Star,'' but he could also do secular music, as in the Shakespeare Festival March. He wrote a concert etude for piano, On the Seashore, in the same year as his symphonic poem about a vassal of Harold Bluetooth, Hakon Jarl. His final opera, which dealt with a monarch's wish to destroy a legendary dam, was called The Devil's Wall. Both ``The Dance of the Comedians'' and the aria, ``Is it Possible,'' appear in his opera about Hans' struggle to best Wenzel for the hand of Marie. That work was preceded by the story of Jira in The Brandenburgers in Bohemia. For 10 points, identify this composer whose best known work is composed of such tone poems as ``Tabor,'' ``Blanik,''and ``The Moldau, and is collectively entitled Ma Vlast.
Answer: Bedrich Smetana
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His Sensus Communis argued for the freedom provided by wit and humor and noted that virtue is often determined by affection. In a treatise subtitled ``A Philosophical Rhapsody,'' he argued for a morally perfect God. That work also discussed a three part hierarchy of beauty and was called The Moralists. Many of the ideas he espoused in works like Inquiry Concerning Virtue and Merit formed the basis for the later work of Frances Hutcheson. He argued against egoism and was the first to call man's innate ethical instincts, ``the moral sense,'' but was singled ohut for his seemingly deistic religious beliefs in George Berkeley's Alciphron. Best known for his 1711 collection, Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, and Times, for 10 points, identify this student of John Locke, who was born Anthony Ashley Cooper.
Answer: The Third Earl of Shaftesbury or Lord Shaftesbury [accept Anthony Ashley Cooper before it is mentioned]
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A splinter faction of this group was captured by a ship known as The Brindled Cow, commanded by Simon of Utrecht. That faction was led by a man named for the fact that he could drink four liters of beer without ever taking his mouth from a beaker. They had their base at the city of Visby, but, after it was captured, many of their members became known as Likedeelers and allied themselves with East Frisian tribesmen. Financed by the Hanseatic League prior to the creation of the Kalmar Union, this organization formed largely as a result of war between Albert of Mecklenburg and Queen Margaret I in 1392. For 10 points, name this maritime guild of pirates in the Baltic, whose name derives from the fact that they supplied food and other provisions to cities.
Answer: Victual Brothers [accept Vitalians or variants like Guild of the Victual pirates, etc.; accept Likedeelers before they're mentioned]
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His poetry includes a tongue in cheek work based on a meter learned from George Wither, ``The Farewell to Tobacco,'' as well as the ballad ``Hester.'' His criticism, which was singled out by A.C. Bradley, includes ``On the Artificial Comedy of the Last Century'' and ``On the Genius of and Character of Hogarth.'' He collaborated with Charles Lloyd on Blank Verse, and he was referred to as ``gentle hearted'' in ``This Lime Tree Bower My Prison,'' a work by his friend Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Though he struggled with play writing, as evidenced by the failures of both the satire, Mr H, and the Elizabethanesque drama, John Woodvil, he found great success with a series of prose pieces such as ``The Praise of Chimney Sweepers,'' ``Christ's Hospital,'' and ``A Dissertation on Roast Pig,'' all of which were written after adopting the persona of a former Italian clerk at the South Sea house. For 10 points, identify this British writer of the Essays of Elia.
Answer: Charles Lamb
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One system designed to model this was developed at Seabrook Farms in the 1930s by C. Warren Thornthwaite. That system of modeling this often uses a formula named for Howard Penman and a measure known as the thermal efficiency index. A genetic approach to modeling it was created by Tor Bergeron and modified by Helmut Landsberg, while empirical schemes include the Holdridge system, which generates a triangular or pyramidal diagram, and the Budyko model. The most commonly used method of classifying it was modified by Glenn Trewartha, and that system is named for Vladimir Koppen, who created five categories labeled A through E to describethis by deriving equations to map the boundaries of ecotones. Koppen later added the letter H to describe highland regions. For 10 points, name this measure which varies in different biomes, used to describe the general weather you might encounter in a region.
Answer: climate [I wouldn't accept many equivalents -- they're all explicitly ``climate classifications'']
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The mansion Sweetbriar can be seen on the brow of the hill on the right in this painting, whose creation was motivated by what the artist referred to as ``the prettiest problem in perspective'' and was the product of numerous studies. It depicts the mellow sun of an autumn afternoon bathing the Girard Avenue railroad bridge in the background in light, and its artist included himself in the painting, pulling away from the center. A group of trees, as well as a band of people in a truss, create reflections off to the left side of the canvas. Three years after its artist completed this work he produced a similar work depicting a man in a red bandanna named John Biglin, who, rather than simply sitting on the surface of the Schuylkill, was actually in the process of moving the oars. For 10 points, identify this 1871 painting of the titular rower, a work by Thomas Eakins.
Answer: Max Schmitt in a Single Scull or The Champion Single Sculls
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In an essay from Why America's Top Pundits are Wrong, Keith Brown asserted that Samuel Huntington's use of kinship resembles the practices of this culture. Boys in this culture are initiated into adulthood by having six sharp lines carved into their foreheads, a ceremony called receiving gaar. Sharon Hutchinson discussed how this group incorporated money using cattle as the dominant metaphor of value in a book titled for the "dilemmas" of this culture. This culture is divided into separate communities called cieng. The first anthropologist to study this culture described their system of segmented lineage in three books, including Kinship and Marriage Among this culture. For 10 points, name this African culture studied by Evans-Pritchard, an ethnic group based in Southern Sudan.
Answer: The Nuer
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The Palierne equation models a suspension of two types of these. The Herschel-Bulkley model describes these when there is a non-linear stress/strain relation, and, when initial flow of these requires a finite yield stress, they are called Bingham plastics. The combined study of these and of plastics is known as rheology. When the properties of these are time-dependent, they are classified as rheopectic or thixotropic, and when they are dependent on the shear stress they are called pseudoplastics or dilatants. When considering these, the numerator in the Prandtl number and the denominator in the Grashof number are no longer constants. For 10 points, identify these types of fluids, the most famous example being a suspension of starch in water that can be walked across, that are defined by their lack of a consistent viscosity.
Answer: non-Newtonian fluid
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When a figure in this work asks ``what is the greatest sin,'' he is tormented by Pastor Moser's reply of ``Parricide the one is called, fratricide the other'' and kills himself using the cord from his hat shortly afterwards. The rescue of Roller leads to a climactic scene in which one character lashes his hand to a tree and demands that his men betray him. Later, Spiegelberg's treasonous plans lead to his stabbing by Schweitzer, and Maximilien dies of grief while Amalia is killed by her lover. For 10 points, name this play in which Karl von Moor is disinherited by his father, leading him to form the titular group, a work of Friedrich Schiller.
Answer: The Robbers [or Die Rauber]
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One member of this family took the title of ``shinn=o,'' or ``new emperor,'' and attempted to establish a secessionist government at Kant=o. Another member of this family destroyed the pirates on the Inland Sea; that one's father allied with Shirakawa to implement the insei system. This group controlled Japan during the so-called Rokuhara regime, having achieved complete power by allying with Go-Shirakawa against Sutoku, and then consolidated their victory in the Heiji War. Despite leading the winning forces in the Hogen Disturbance, this family's downfall was sealed by such military defeats as Ichinotani and Yashima Island, as well as a battle in which a notable sword was lost and Prince Antoku drowned. For 10 points, name this clan which met its end in the 1185 naval battle of Dan-no-ura, leaving Japan to the Minamoto family and Kamakura shogunate.
Answer: Taira [or Heike]
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The story behind the discovery of these proteins was related in the article ``How to Chase a Red Herring and Come up with a Smallmouth Bass.'' Mice lacking the STAT-1 protein produce roughly half as many of this type of protein as wild type mice. PLSCR-1 amplifies expression of genes whose transcription is induced by them. RIG-1 activates TBK1 and IKK$epsilon$, which induce transcription of one type of them. Another transcription pathway for them is induced by Toll-like receptor 3. Plasmocytoid dendritic cells are specialized producers of these proteins, discovered by Alick Isaacs and Jean Lindenmann. The most recently discovered class of them is type III, or Type I$lambda$. Type I$alpha$ is typically produced by leukocytes, while Type I$beta$ is often produced by fibroblasts and epithelial cells and Type I$gamma$, or Type II, is produced by activated T cells. They promote expression of MHC Class I molecules and activate natural killer cells. For 10 points, name these cytokines produced in response to viral infection, which inhibit viral protein synthesis.
Answer: interferons [or IFNs]
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He argued against the need to fulfill vows and for the spontaneity of Christianity in On the Religious Profession. He demonstrated that divine prescience and a belief in human autonomy could not be reconciled in On the Free Will. In another work, he presented three distinct points of view on the compatibility of religion and the righteousness of man pursuing his natural appetites. That tract, On Pleasure, preceded a work that considered the question, ``if Solomon could fall into idolatry,'' could not the same thing happen in the case of a ``supreme pontiff.'' That question culminated in an argument that Rome's claim that it is ``entitled by prescription to what it posseses'' is based on the misattribution of a document allegedly given to Sylvester I in the 4th Century.For 10 points, identify this religious thinker who proved in 1440 that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery.
Answer: Lorenzo Valla
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In one tale, this figure frees the bound Manassen and helps him drown his captor in a fountain.Another story revolves around this figure's flight from Ontlake. Sometimes identified with Duke Lianour as the ruler of the Castle of Maidens, this figure was often mentioned in the company of nine relatives.Though Layamon attributed some of this figure's deeds to a character called Argante, Sicilian tales about visions off of the Calabrian Coast refer to this figure's more commonly used name. Sometimes identified as the parent of Yvain, it was this lover of Accolon who sent the Green Knight to Camelot. First introduced in Geoffrey's Vita Merlini, this figure had the ability to shape-shift and fly.After a fateful battle on the River Camlan, it is this ruler of the Isle of Apples who bears her half-brother's body away. For 10 points, identify this daughter of Ygraine and half-sister of King Arthur, a sorceress and queen of Avalon.
Answer: Morgan le Fay or Morgen
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The Gelfand-Neimark theorem deals with proving two of these kinds of spaces to be homeomorphic to one another. Only Tychonoff spaces can be embedded in these types of spaces, and every topological space can be expressed as the quotient of spaces of this type. Etale spaces are the classical example of spaces failing to meet this condition, and if a space is both compact and meets this condition, it is normal and all continuous maps from compact spaces to these spaces are homeomorphisms. For 10 points, name this type of space defined as every point having disjoint neighborhoods around any pair of points, alternately called T2 and named after a German dude.
Answer: Hausdorff space [accept T2 before mentioned]
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The protagonist of this novel is repulsed by the thought of one character trimming hair from her breasts and wonders if any child she nursed became a monster. That character is dubbed ``a neuter'' by the protagonist because she supports herself and is no longer able to attract men due to a black birthmark. The protagonist feels that he is a man for the first time after sleeping with a woman who later overdoses on sleeping pills after sharing a sixteenth-century black bowl, Mrs. Ota. The title pattern is seen on a kerchief that Yukiko uses to carry a bundle to the Engakuji Temple, where Chikako is performing a tea ceremony for Kikuji Mitani. For 10 points, identify this novel by Yasunari Kawabata about a man who is surrounded by his dead father's mistresses.
Answer: Thousand Cranes [or Sembazuru]
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During this man's rule, ninety percent of the country's cattle died in the famine known as the "Kefu Qan" or "Evil Days," and the Oromo were politically united with the Ge'ez. He came to power after overthrowing Bezebeh and declared himself the negus of Shewa. As a child, he was imprisoned at Magdela by Tewodros II, but he was later able to succeed Yohannes IV. This son of Haile Malakot took the name of the legendary son of Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Before a stroke forced him to cede power to his wife, Empress Taitu, this man rejected the seventeenth article of the Treaty of Wichale, leading to his forces' defeat of Oreste Baratieri at Adowa. For 10 points, name this emperor of Ethiopia who fought off an Italian invasion in 1896.
Answer: Menelik II [prompt on Menelik; or Sahle Miriam]newpage
 
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Editors 6
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Accomplishments during his reign included the reactivation of the copper mines in Sinai, and much of his early reign was dominated by his mother, Queen Ashotep. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Egyptian pharaoh, the founder of the 18th Dynasty.
Answer: Ahmose I [or Amosis I or Amenes I or Neb-Pehty-Re; prompt on "The Moon is Born" or "The Lord of Strength is Re"]
[10] Ahmose I was successful in driving out these foreign invaders and launching a campaign against their stronghold at Sharuhen in Palestine. Their Egyptian capital was Avaris, and these rulers of the Second Intermediary Period may have brought the chariot to Egypt.
Answer: Hyksos [or Heqa Khasewest; prompt on "Shepherd Kings"]
[10] Some of Ahmose I's successors in the 18th dynasty, such as Amenhotep III and Tutankhamun, are grouped in to this period, named for a city notable for its Great Aten Temple.
Answer: Tell el-Amarna Period
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For 10 points each, name these books by Sigmund Freud.,
[10] This book discusses prohibitions of incest among Aborigines, and argues that their anxieties are similar to ones suffered by neurotics.
Answer: Totem and Taboo [or Totem und Tabu]
[10] This book, the last Freud completed, argues that the religious belief in an invisible god increased humanity's power of introspection. It controversially asserted that the central character was actually an Egyptian nobleman.
Answer: Moses and Monotheism [or Der Mann Moses und die monotheistische Religion]
[10] This 1901 book by Freud discusses mental errors like forgetting names and carrying out erroneous actions. It popularized the expression "Freudian slip."
Answer: The Psychopathology of Everyday Life [or Zur Psychopathologie des Alltagslebens]
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His landmark 1992 album Life on Planet Groove launched his catchphrase ``2% Jazz, 98% Funky Stuff''. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this funk pioneer, a saxophonist with Parliament/Funkadelic, whose solos in an earlier band were often preceded with the exhortation, "I want you to blow!''
Answer: Maceo Parker [prompt on Maceo; Ma is underlined to distinguish from drummer brother Melvin]
[10] The voice yelling out ``Maceo, I want you to blow!'' was this Godfather of Soul, responsible for such songs as ``Say It Loud -- I'm Black and I'm Proud'' and ``Papa's Got a Brand New Bag.''
Answer: James Brown
[10] Hip-hop fans can catch Parker on ``I Be Blowin','' a track off this group's 1993 album Buhloone Mindstate. They may be better known for the track ``Me Myself and I.''
Answer: De La Soul
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This character is assisted by the fiddler Gecko. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this antagonist described as an "oriental Israelite Hebrew Jew," a musician skilled at playing the piano and the flageolet. He trains a tone-deaf woman to sing with perfect pitch by saying "Et maintenant dors, ma mignonne!"
Answer: Svengali
[10] Svengali is the antagonist of this novel by George du Maurier. A play based on it inspired a craze for a namesake type of hat.
Answer: Trilby
[10] This novel by George du Maurier is named for a man born Pierre Pasquier, who moves to England and learns to "dream true" from the Duchess of Towers before being imprisoned for twenty-five years for accidentally killing his guardian Roger.
Answer: Peter Ibbetson
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Answer the following related to a religious location from the Septuagint, for 10 points each.,
[10] Seated on a mountain overlooking the plain of Esdrelon, it commanded a narrow and strategic pass into Judea and was ruled by a King named Uziah.
Answer: Bethulia or Betylua
[10] This was the name of Nebuchadnezzar's general who captured Bethulia and was later beheaded in the Book of Judith.
Answer: Holofernes
[10] This is the name of the Bethulian priest who advised the people to seize the mountain passes to prevent the Assyrians from approaching the city.
Answer: Eliachim
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It was first identified by Edward and extensively studied by Lemieux, so it is sometimes known as the Edward-Lemieux effect. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this effect which describes the tendency of heteroatomic substituents of a carbon adjacent to a heteroatom in a ring to prefer the axial position over the equatorial position.
Answer: anomeric effect [prompt on negative hyperconjugation, but do not otherwise reveal]
[10] The anomeric effect is sometimes called the ``negative'' version of this phenomenon, in which a vacant p orbital overlaps with a sigma bond. It is useful in stabilizing carbocations.
Answer: hyperconjugation [do not accept or prompt on ``conjugation'']
[10] The anomeric effect is most commonly observed in pyranoses and derivatives of this molecule, which flips between ``chair'' and ``boat'' conformation.
Answer: cyclohexane
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Jackson Johonnet's captivity narrative claims that he was among the few who reached Fort Jefferson during the retreat from this battle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1791 battle in which over 600 of Arthur St. Clair's soldiers were killed or captured, sometimes described as the worst defeat suffered by the American army to a Native American force and alternately called ``St. Clair's Defeat.''
Answer: Battle of the Wabash River [or the Columbia Massacre]
[10] Along with Blue Jacket, this Miami chieftain led the Native American force at the Battle of the Wabash. He had earlier defeated Josiah Harmar at the Battle of the Maumee.
Answer: Little Turtle [or Mishinikakwa]
[10] Little Turtle was finally forced to sign the Treaty of Greenville after being defeated by Mad Anthony Wayne at this 1794 battle.
Answer: Battle of Fallen Timbers
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Its protagonist decides to set aside the success he's had with such shallow comedies as So Long Sarong and Hey Hey in the Hayloft. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Preston Sturges film about the titular filmmaker, who begins the film seeking to make a relevant picture and ends up on a long strange trip.
Answer: Sullivan's Travels
[10] This man, who also played the leading man in Foreign Correspondent and Bird of Paradise, starred alongside Veronica Lake in Sullivan's Travels.
Answer: Joel McRae
[10] During the latter part of the film, Sullivan finds himself in jail, but he and his fellow convicts are allowed to go see a ``picture'' at a black church. That film turns out to be Playful Pluto, a 1934 work made by this man's namesake studio.
Answer: Walt Disney
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Answer the following about quantum electrodynamics, for 10 points each.,
[10] These identities are defined as the relations between Green's functions when certain symmetries are present. They are sometimes called the quantum analog of Noether's theorem.
Answer: Ward-Takahashi identities [or Slavnov-Taylor identities]
[10] The Ward-Takahashi identities by definition are preserved during this process, which Schwinger, Feynman, and Tomonaga used to account for infinities that appear during mass and charge calculations in QED.
Answer: renormalization
[10] One situation in which renormalization is required is this, the creation and annihilation of a virtual electron-positron pair by a photon.
Answer: vacuum polarization [or charge screening]
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The protagonist of this story visits a bookstore and purchases The Collected Letters of Prosper Merimee. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this autobiographical story by Akutagawa, depicting his descent into madness in the midst of his addiction to sleeping pills and hallucinations of the titular objects.
Answer: ``Cogwheels'' [or ``Haguruma'']
[10] The title character believes he is Ferdinand VIII of Spain by the end of this author's ``Diary of a Madman.''
Answer: Nikolai Vasilyevich Gogol
[10] Another madman in literature is the title character of this trilogy by Henry Richardson, who leaves his medical practice to become a gold miner in Australia but is eventually institutionalized. This cycle consists of Australia Felix, The Way Home, and Ultima Thule.
Answer: The Fortunes of Richard Mahony
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For 10 points each, name these chromosomal abnormalities.,
[10] Complete nondisjunction can result in this condition, in which three copies of a single chromosome exist. Down syndrome is the most well-known form of this condition.
Answer: trisomy
[10] First discovered by Peter Nowell and David Hungerford, this abnormality results from a translocation of part of chromosome 9 onto chromosome 22. It is associated with chronic myeloid leukemia.
Answer: Philadelphia chromosome
[10] In this type of translocation, the q arms of two acrocentric chromosomes fuse together, and the p arms are often lost. A small percentage of Down syndrome cases are caused by this type of translocation between chromosomes 14 and 21.
Answer: Robertsonian translocation [or ROBs]
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The Klamath people believed that the god Llao lived below this mountain and often fought the god Skull, who lived on Mount Shasta. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identity this now non-existent mountain that had a cataclysmic eruption 7,500 years ago, resulting in the collapse of most of the mountain into its own caldera.
Answer: Mount Mazama
[10] Today, the remnants of Mount Mazama ring this geographical feature and namesake for a National Park, which features crystal-clear blue water and volcanic cinder cones like Wizard's Island.
Answer: Crater Lake
[10] Crater Lake is located just south of this spire-shaped peak, whose exposed summit is known for attracting so many lightning strikes that fulgurites and silicia glass normally associated with meteorite impacts are common finds here.
Answer: Mount Thielsen
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They originated as organ recitals given by Franz Tunder. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these 17th and 18th century concerts given at the Marienkirche in Lubeck which featured organ music and oratorios, and which took place over five Sundays each year.
Answer: Abendmusiken or Evening Music
[10] The Abendmusiken were most famously conducted by this Danish organist and teacher of Nicolaus Bruhns. J. S. Bach once traveled over two hundred miles to hear him play.
Answer: Dieterich Buxtehude
[10] Dedicated to Gustaf Duben, this cycle of Latin cantatas by Buxtehude follows the concerto-aria format and includes Ad Pedes and Ad Faciem.
Answer: Membra Jesu Nostri [accept any reasonable translation including the words ``limbs'' and ``Jesus'']
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Written by the author of Behind a Mask, this work features Phillip Tempest's relentless pursuit of Rosamond Vivian. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this sensational potboiler in which Rosamond adopts many pseudonyms and falls in love with Father Ignatius while fleeing her husband.
Answer: A Long Fatal Love Chase
[10] A Long Fatal Love Chase is a posthumously published work of this American author better known for her books Under the Lilacs, Jo's Boys, and Hospital Sketches.
Answer: Louisa May Alcott
[10] In Alcott's Little Women, this soft-spoken man is Laurie's tutor and fathers the twins Demi and Daisy after marrying Meg.
Answer: John Brooke [accept either or both names]
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Answer the following about related to a certain painting, for 10 points each.,
[10] This 1768 work, inspired by the artist's membership in the Lunar Society, depicts a company of spectators gathering to watch the demonstration of a new scientific device.
Answer: An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump [accept anything that mentions the underlined terms]
[10] This British artist became well known for candle-lit nocturnes like A Philosopher Giving a Lecture on the Orerry and An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump.
Answer: Joseph Wright of Derby
[10] This 17th century Frenchman's works, such as The Dream of St. Joseph and The Penitent Magdalene, pioneered the depiction of candlelit scenes.
Answer: Georges de La Tour
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Identify the following about how computers store data, for 10 points each.,
[10] Varieties of the CPU type of this include the write-through version, which performs a write to the computer's main memory on every miss in this memory structure. A similar concept of the same name is used by web browsers to store some data locally on the disk for faster access.
Answer: Cache
[10] This type of memory is generally implemented with a page table, which can be used to translate the physical address to the namesake address and vice versa. Its primary purpose is to provide applications with what seems like a contiguous block of address space.
Answer: Virtual Memory
[10] In addition to a page table, many architectures use this structure which contains a subset of the page table entries stored in the cache. CPUs typically access both the cache and this entity in parallel, and entries are looked up in it using an index and a tag.
Answer: Translation Lookaside Buffer [or TLB]
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Lewis S.C. Smythe attempted to quantify the extent of the damage of this event by extrapolating from visits to one out of every fifty households in the city and one out of every ten households in the surrounding areas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of slaughters of Chinese soldiers and civilians, allegedly including beheading contests, that occurred after the namesake city fell to the Japanese in 1937.
Answer: Rape of Nanking [or Nanking Atrocities; accept Nanjing for Nanking; prompt on Nanking Incident; prompt on Nanking]
[10] In this trial, Joseph Keenan led the prosecution team that charged twenty-eight high-profile Japanese political and military leaders with war crimes at trials in the namesake city. It came up with the dubious estimate of 200,000 dead in the Rape of Nanking when charging Iwane Matsui with war crimes.
Answer: International Military Tribunal for the Far East [or Tokyo War Crimes Trial; or IMTFE; do not accept or prompt on ``International Military Tribunal'' as that refers specifically to Nuremberg]
[10] This head of the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone estimated 50,000-60,000 civilian casualties in a letter to Hitler. He is sometimes known as the ``good man of Nanking'' for his efforts to hide Chinese civilians from Japanese soldiers, and his diary describing the event was unearthed and published in 1991.
Answer: John Rabe
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His late works on ethics include Our Social Inheritance and The Ground and Nature of the Right. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this student of Josiah Rocye who burst onto the scene in 1923 with the essay ``A Pragmatic Conception of the A Priori.''
Answer: Clarence Irving Lewis
[10] Clarence Lewis' best known work is this 1929 book subtitled ``Outline of a Theory of Knowledge,'' where he argued that the choice between logical systems must be made on pragmatic grounds.
Answer: Mind and the World Order
[10] Lewis' analytic/synthetic distinctions drew the ire of Willard Quine, who explicitly criticized his work in this 1951 essay.
Answer: ``Two Dogmas of Empiricism''
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For 10 points each, name these works of Lope de Vega.,
[10] Propagating the theory that young Spanish children don't crack under torture, this play features a village's rebellion against Commander Gomez de Guzman and subsequent forgiveness by Ferdinand and Isabella.
Answer: The Sheep Well [or Fuenteovejuna]
[10] Begun while sailing with the Spanish Armada, this long poem divided into twenty cantos is a continuation of Orlando Furioso and is named for one of that work's heroines.
Answer: La Hermosura de Angelica [or Angelica's Beauty]
[10] In this play, King Sancho IV offers Don Sancho marriage to any woman in exchange for killing Don Bustos, but Don Sancho gets screwed over because the woman he wants is Don Bustos's sister.
Answer: The Star of Seville [or La Estrella de Sevilla]
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One of the perpetrators of this event took a tram home instead of celebrating at Davy's Tavern due to concerns that his mother would worry if he was out too late. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1882 event in which the aforementioned Timothy Kelly and up to eight other conspirators stabbed Lord Cavendish and Thomas Burke as they were walking through a public area of Dublin.
Answer: Phoenix Park Murders
[10] The Phoenix Park Murders were carried out by members of this Irish secret society, led by ``No. 1,'' who was purported to be P.J. Tynan.
Answer: (Irish National) Invincibles [prompt on Fenians]
[10] Richard Pigott forged letters linking this man to the Phoenix Park Murders. This man also claimed that if he was arrested, "Captain Moonlight" would take his place.
Answer: Charles Stewart Parnell
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In this novel's chapter "Watchman, What of the Night?", Matthew O'Connor consoles Nora Flood after her lover runs off with Jenny Petherbridge. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this modernist novel about Robin Vote, who destroys the lives of her female lovers and her husband Felix Volkbein.
Answer: Nightwood
[10] This American author of The Antiphon and Ryder wrote Nightwood.
Answer: Djuna Barnes
[10] Nightwood was edited by this poet, who described "an old man in a dry month" in "Gerontion" and reflected on his conversion to Anglicanism in "Ash Wednesday."
Answer: Thomas Stearns Eliot
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It actually names two equivalent equations, one relating the diffusion coefficient to the square of the distance traveled in a given time, and one relating the diffusion coefficient to Boltzmann's constant, mobility, and temperature. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this equation used to describe diffusion in systems undergoing Brownian motion, which Kramers related to the Fokker-Planck equation.
Answer: Einstein-Smoluchowski equation
[10] This man's second law of diffusion relates the partial time derivative of concentration to the second spatial partial derivative of concentration. His first law relates the molar flux to the negative spatial gradient of concentration.
Answer: Adolf (Eugen) Fick [accept Fick's laws]
[10] The Fokker-Planck equation is also known as this man's ``forward'' equation, governing diffusion when it is modeled as a continuous-time Markov process. When not involved with diffusion, that equation is usually named after this man and Chapman.
Answer: Andrei (Nikolaevich) Kolmogorov

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