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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Editors 4
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The resolution of one of the conflicts by this name involved a promise to end human sacrifice and a fine paid in gold dust. After another one of these events, the royal family was deported to the Seychelles. Another one of these was prompted by a ten-year buildup which included provocations such as the seizure of Elmina and the movement of troops under Kwaku Dua. Garnet Wolsely's sack of Kumasi ended one of them, and the last one erupted when Frederich Hodgson sought to use a certain piece of furniture as his gubernatorial seat, provoking the final conflict of this nature, also called the War of the Golden Stool. For 10 points, identify this series of wars fought in the second half of the nineteenth century between British colonizers and a West African people.
Answer: Anglo-Ashanti Wars
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In one of this author's novels, a former doctor now working as an assistant coroner writes a mysterious notebook in which he claims to be a pornographer. That book's protagonist is named in tribute to the existentialist author of Irrational Man, which influenced this author's philosophy. In addition to that story in which rich car salesman Chandler Vaught gives each of his children a hundred thousand dollars, The Last Gentleman, this author wrote about the psychic Miss Marva, who sells ``astrological real estate'' to some black radicals who occupy Paradise Estates. That novel is about the inventor of the lapsometer and is subtitled ``The Adventures of a Bad Catholic at a Time Near the End of the World.'' In another of his novels, a breakup with Walter Wade causes Kate to attempt suicide, but a trip to Chicago with Binx Bolling cheers her up. For 10 points, name this author of Love in the Ruins, The Second Coming, and The Moviegoer.
Answer: Walker Percy
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The requirement that this state be achieved has been circumvented by using quantum interference in rubidium and on the D1 line of cesium by Marlan Scully. This process can be enhanced by using heterojunctions composed of gallium arsenide between layers of aluminum arsenide, and this state can be created in hydrogen by applying an inhomogeneous magnetic field to a gas undergoing the 21-cm transition. It is usually explained through a four-level system, which is characteristic of rare earth ions like neodymium, or the simpler three-level system with the top layer known as the "pump band", as seen in ruby. For 10 points, identify this situation where a majority of particles are in a more excited state, which is necessary for the operation of most lasers.
Answer: textbf{uline{population inversion
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The fourth section includes a lusty tavern song that was originally intended for voice but is usually played by a wind instrument and is set against a backdrop of sleighbells. The second section, which features a dark melancholy theme, is typically played by a double bass or the saxophone. Beginning with an offstage fanfare for cornet, its fifth and final part, ``The Internment,'' ends with a muted trumpet, but is preceded by melodies from the other movements recalling the titular figure's career. Due to translation issues, it was originally released in the United States as the score to a film by Alexander Feinzimmer called The Czar Wants to Dance. For 10 points, identify this satirical work about a non-existent soldier, a suite by Sergei Prokofiev.
Answer: Lt. Kije Suite
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University of Texas professor Sanford Levinson questioned why this provision does not get more coverage in legal journals in an article titled for its "embarrassing" consequences. The 1886 Presser v. Illinois case, which said that this restriction does not apply at the state level, was challenged in April 2009 by a Ninth Circuit ruling which held that this amendment is now incorporated. The majority opinion in a recent case addressing this law noted that ``a purposive qualifying phrase that contradicts the word or phrase it modifies is unknown this side of the looking glass, except, apparently, in some courses on Linguistics.'' An earlier Supreme Court case addressing this amendment turned on the transportation of an item from Oklahoma to Arkansas in violation of a federal registration statute and the meaning of the phrase ``well-regulated militia.'' For 10 points, identify this subject of the DC v. Heller and U.S. v. Miller rulings, a Constitutional amendment guaranteeing the right to keep and bear arms.
Answer: The Second Amendment
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Along with Emile Grunberg, this economist asserted that predictions lead people to act in a way that causes predicted outcomes to resemble actual outcomes in "The Predictability of Social Events," one of the earliest works of rational expectations. This economist developed the MPS model of the American economy for the Federal Reserve. He devised a measure that adjusts the risk of a stock to match a performance benchmark along with his granddaughter Leah, a measure known as M-squared. Along with Richard Brumberg, this economist theorized that people decide how much they want to spend at each age, and predicted that people save during their youth to spend money during retirement. The developer of the life cycle hypothesis, for 10 points, identify this economist, the namesake of a theorem about conditions in which a firm's financial decisions do not affect its value along with Merton Miller.
Answer: Franco Modigliani
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This story relates an incident about a man who is spotted running out the back door of a burning house and mistakenly hung for looting. Its central figures re-unite in a valley full of pomegranate trees, and one later accuses a group of being ``bloodthirsty tigers'' before being clubbed to death. At the start of this story, one character begins to hang himself in jail at the sound of bells, because his lover is going to be executed for committing adultery while a Carmelite nun at Our Lady of the Mountain. At the climax of this story, a shoemaker, inflamed by a sermon, kills the wrong child, with the surviving infant adopted by Don Fernando. For 10 points, name this tale in which Jeronimo Rugero's fate is delayed by the titular natural disaster, written by Heinrich von Kleist.
Answer: "The Earthquake in Chile" [or ``Das Erdbeben in Chili"]
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These structures are notably absent in dogs and cats with the Pelger-Huet anomaly, and they are absent in flies and C. elegans because, in those organisms, their major function is performed by the Sxl and sdc-2 proteins, respectively. Boggs et al. hypothesized that these structures may be characterized by hypoacetylation of core histones, and Mermoud et al. showed that the histone macroH2A1.2 relocates to these structures after they are formed. Their formation is opposed by the gene TSIX, which inhibits the production of siRNA by the gene XIST. They are formed by lyonization, named after Mary Lyon, who hypothesized that they are responsible for dosage compensation. These structures are absent in Turner's syndrome, while multiple ones of them occur in Kleinfelter's syndrome. For 10 points, name these inactivated X chromosomes.
Answer: Barr bodies [accept early inactivated X chromosomes]
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He painted historical works in Venice under Carlo Maratta, and his own assistants included Edward Byng and John Jacob Bakker. His sitters included the missionary Shen Fu Tsung, whose depiction as The Chinese Convert was owned by James II, as well as 14 naval commanders whose portraits were completed for Queen Anne and Prince George of Denmark. His glamorous portraits of the Royal Ladies in Waiting are now known as the Hampton Court Beauties. This rival of Peter Lely's, who succeeded him as Charles II's Painter to the Crown, eventually bought a house at Whitton where he became Alexander Pope's neighbor; fitting, since he would go on to paint the leading literary figures of his day, including Pope, Steele, and Vanbrugh, in a namesake series of less than half length portraits. For 10 points, identify this Lubeck born painter, best known for his portraits of the Kit-Kat club.
Answer: Sir Godfrey Kneller
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This figure puts out a bounty on a character who once messed up giving his name to Peggy Jean in a 1986 hyper-violent Jim Reardon animated short. This character supposedly resides in the "most sincere" location, and in a special named for this character, his primary supporter gives the advice of "never jump into a pile of leaves with a wet sucker." An episode of Robot Chicken saw him defeated by the Kite Eating Tree after killing all the children, and a parody of him was defeated by Tom Turkey in the last segment of the most recent Treehouse of Horror. Mistaken for a zamboni and a dogfighter, this character is often waited for by Sally, although Lucy refuses to believe in him. For 10 points, name this character who never appears to Linus in a Peanuts Halloween Special.
Answer: The Great Pumpkin
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The Prologue of this work notes that ``Words are but air; the wise man will ignore / A monster whose existence is not sure,'' implying that the prologue may have been originally performed by the lyre-playing centaur depicted on the cover of an early edition of this play.The password is ``Saint Cuckoo,'' the ``most celebrated saint in France,'' though that password is never actually used during the abduction of a beggar. Fra Timoteo's question ``What brings you here?'' is answered, ``Very well, thank you'' by Nicia, whom the marriage broker Ligurio has instructed to act deaf. A fake doctor claims to be able to cure Lucrezia's barrenness with the side effect that the first man to sleep with her after a potion takes effect will die within eight days. For 10 points, name this play in which Callimaco successfully schemes to sleep with Lucrezia, named after the titular ingredient in that potion and written by Niccolo Machiavelli.
Answer: Mandragola [or Mandrake Root]
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This foreign king appears several times in the Saga of Magnus Hakonarson, which describes his methodical acquisition of the Orkneys. This builder of Bothwell Castle defeated a viking invasion at Largs shortly after reaching his majority. In the peace settlement, he obtained the Isle of Man and Hebrides from Magnus V of Norway under the Treaty of Perth. Following his death, caused by falling off his horse and over a cliff, this last ruler from the House of Dunkeld was to be succeeded by his granddaughter, who drowned on the way to Scotland. England's Edward I was left to select a new ruler to follow this king, who had refused to swear fealty on behalf of his Scottish holdings when he married the daughter of Henry III. For 10 points, name this king who left the throne to the uncrowned Margaret, the Maid of Norway, after his thirty-seven year rule ended in 1286.
Answer: Alexander III of Scotland [prompt on Alexander]
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The north part of this city extends up the foot of Mount Chihsing, while recreational areas near this city include Pi Lake and the park on Mount Yangming. Banciao, Sanchong, and Wanhua are some of its central districts, while tourists are more likely to see the Lungshan Temple or the nearby night market at Snake Alley. The National Palace Museum in this city preserves the extensive art collection of Emperor Qianlong. This city is located fifteen miles southwest of Chilung nad about ten miles east of the port and resort town of Tanshui, on the river of that name. For 10 points, name this city which became a national capital in 1949 following the flight of the KMT from the mainland, the largest city of Taiwan.
Answer: Taipei
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Pulsed amperometry is combined with this technique in analysis of sugars. Preparation of reagents for this technique include sparging and endcapping, though endcapping cannot fully prevent the peak-tailing problem encountered in one version of it. The MuDPIT technique developed by John Yates employs a multidimensional form of this technique followed by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Invented by Csaba Horvath, it often uses either a refractive index or UV detector. This technique employs ``organic modifiers'' to control the polarity of the mobile phase in its ``reverse phase'' variety, and it also comes in ``normal phase'' and ``ion exchange'' forms. For 10 points, name this version of column chromatography in which a mobile phase that is neither solid nor gas is forced through a column at a high flow rate, allowing for the analysis and separation of small molecules.
Answer: HPLC [or high performance liquid chromatography; or high pressure liquid chromatography; prompt on chromatography; prompt on column chromatography; prompt on liquid chromatography or LC, since as far as I know the first clue only applies to HPLC and not other forms of LC; do not accept ``gas chromatography'']
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It argues for commodification as ``mean and squalid'' in section five, ``Discipline,'' and identifies matter, not as a substance, but as a phenomenon. Other sections of this 8 part work include ``Discipline," where its author notes that "sensible objects conform to premonitions of reason,'' and ``Prospects,'' the latter of which quotes a poem by George Herbert that begins ``Man is all symmetry.'' Its ``Introduction'' notes that this work will concern itself with the ``NOT ME'' and asserts that the universe is composed of the Soul and the title entity. Perhaps most famous for its metaphor of a ``transparent eyeball'' that sees nothing but sees all, it was partially completed in the same room as Mosses for an Old Manse. Published in 1836, a year before its author would make a name for himself with his ``The American Scholar,'' for 10 points, identify this first major essay by Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Answer: ``Nature''
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It was originally supposed to be decorated with scenes from the life of Hercules, but this plan was ultimately rejected in favor of contemporary scenes. Its construction was purportedly threatened by Venetian emissaries who sought to protect their monopoly over a certain process, and it contains such images as Crossing the Rhine, The Signing of the Treaty of Nijmegen, and The King Governs Alone. Originally adorned with solid silver tables and orange tree pots, its seventeen windows match the number of ornate namesake items set into arcades. Its construction under Jules Hardouin Mansart began in 1678 and it is 73 meters long. Including more than 30 paintings by Charles Le Brun, it is flanked at one end by the Salon of Peace, while the Salon of War is at the other. For 10 points, identify this celebrated room built at the Palace of Versailles.
Answer: The Hall of Mirrors or Galerie des Glaces
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One leader in a war for this cause was known as the Bronze Titan and issued the Protest of Baragua against compromises in this pursuit, whose advocates were later subjected to the ``reconcentration'' policy. Another man who worked for this goal summoned all his slaves in order to announce that they were free and should join his army in pursuit of this end. This cause was advocated in the Grito de Yara by the antislavery activist Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, and advocates for this goal were briefly placated with the Pact of Zanjon by a man who had earlier fought against the Carlists, Arsenio Martinez Campos. Antonio Maceo and Calixto Garcia were later leaders in conflicts fought to achieve this end, known as the Little War and the Ten Years War. Brutally suppressed by Valeriano Weyler, this cause achieved success after the explosion of the Maine triggered U.S. involvement. For 10 points, identify this national aspiration advocated by such figures as Jose Marti from a certain Caribbean island.
Answer: Cuban independence from Spain [accept obvious equivalents]
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This figure was said to have lived 137 years and once quelled a storm by jumping directly into the raging ocean. In order to win a war, he was instructed to take earth from the shrine of the heavenly mountain and create heavenly platters.During a quest to bring peace to the land, this mythological figure was guided by a three legged, golden crow sent from the celestial realm.Although the bear god bewitched him for a time, he eventually succeeded in defeating the eighty bandits of Mount Kunimi and establishing his palace at Kashiha-hara.Also known as Toyo-Mike-Nu, according to the Nihongi he was the son of the sea goddess, Jewel Good Princess, and the grandson of Ninigi. But it was another relative, Amaterasu, who gave him a magic sword.For 10 points, identify this legendary general and first emperor of Japan.
Answer: Jimmu Tenno or [Kamu Yamato Ihare Biko]
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The filtering out of so-called "blue bumpers" is important when searching for this. The AGAPE project and the Angstrom project concern discovering these phenomena in the Andromeda galaxy, and this phenomenon was first named by Paczynski in a paper that also inspired the OGLE and DUO projects that were the first to search for this. It has been used to detect certain dark matter candidates in the galactic halo and in the Large Magellanic Cloud via the MACHO experiment, but it may be better known for its capacity to detect low-mass extrasolar planets. For 10 points, identify this astronomical event where, unlike strong and weak lensing, the mass of the lens is only about the size of a star.
Answer: gravitational microlensing [prompt on gravitational lensing]
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This author wrote one detective novel, in which art critic Leo Druscovich kidnaps the sculptor Gladys D'Onofrio. In another of this author's novels, characters obsessively listen to the symbolic radio serial The Wounded Captain. That novel includes Celina impersonating her mother Leonor in order to write letters to Nene and the death of the policeman Francisco at the hands of Big Fanny, all of which happens due to the promiscuous affairs of the tubercular Juan Carlos Etchepare. This author described the cow-shooting plumber Josemar in Blood of Requitted Love, and also wrote Pubis Angelical in addition to a story about a student who composes the essay ``The Movie I Liked Best,'' Toto Casals. For 10 points, name this writer of Betrayed By Rita Hayworth, who also created the cellmates Molina and Valentin in Kiss of the Spider Woman.
Answer: Manuel Puig
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With Skolem, this person names a theorem about automorphisms of simple rings. This mathematician's namesake bound states that the ring of invariants in the finite basis problem is generated by homogeneous invariants of degree less than or equal to the finite group's order. This person's namesake problem is a specific case of the rationality problem, and, in topology, this person's namesake spaces have closed sets which satisfy the descending chain condition. In algebra, the rings that are named for this person have ideals which obey the ascending chain condition. For 10 points, name this mathematician whose theorem proving that differentiable symmetries of the actions of physical systems have linked conservation laws is central to the calculus of variations, a German Jewish woman.
Answer: Amalie Emmy Noether
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Twelve years after this battle, the combatants faced off again in the brief Gollub War. The victors at this battle immediately besieged a nearby fortress commanded by Heinrich von Plauen began, leading to the following year's Treaty of Thorn. Grand Duke Vytautas was one of the winning commanders in this battle, which occurred as one side was moving towards Marienburg. At the hands of Wladyslaw Jagiello's army, this battle saw the death of two hundred and five knights as well as Ulrich von Jungingen, the grandmaster. For 10 points, name this battle where Polish-Lithuanian troops defeated the Teutonic Knights in 1410, five hundred years before a German victory over Russia at the same site in World War I.
Answer: First Battle of Tannenberg [or Battle of Grunfelde; or Battle of Grunwald]
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One play by this man ends with Gwendolyn Dean slashing a painting by Holbein and pinning Louis Flax's anti-nuclear-weapons petition over it. His historical works include State of the Revolution , about Lenin's relationship with Stalin, and a play regarding the conflict between Elizabeth I and Mary, Queen of Scots, Vivat! Vivat Regina! This author of The Tiger and the Horse adapted Somerset Maugham's play The Circle into his own The Critic and the Heart, and he wrote another play in which the Spanish ambassador Chapuys tries to find out the title character's intentions. In that play, Richard Rich commits perjury and the central figure's daughter Margaret wishes to marry the Lutheran Roper, with the action narrated by The Common Man. For 10 points, name this author who wrote the screenplays for Doctor Zhivago and Lawrence of Arabia as well as a historical drama which ends with the beheading of Thomas More, A Man for All Seasons.
Answer: Robert Oxton Bolt
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Former languages used by this group of people included Kayla and Qwara, and they marked their obligations on a calendar known as the Abu Shaker. They have a unique holiday known as Sigd, and they are led in prayers by elders of the community named Kessim. Once concentrated around Lake Tana, and led by such men as Radi, their numbers dwindled during European colonization. Their religious identity was not legally recognized until 1975, which occurred a decade before 10,000 of them were airlifted to safety during Operation Moses and allowed to stay under the law of return. Popularly named for a word meaning ``Exiles'' in Amharic, for 10 points, identify this religious group who call themselves Beta Israel and hail from a particular African nation.
Answer: falashas [accept Ethiopian Jews; accept Beta Israel before it is read]
 
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Editors 4
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For 10 points each, name these test reagents from organic chemistry.,
[10] This reagent is produced by adding a silver nitrate solution to a dilute solution containing a strong base, often one containing ammonia. A ``silver mirror'' appears when it reacts with aldehydes, but not ketones.
Answer: Tollens' reagent [accept Tollens' test]
[10] This mixture of solutions of sodium carbonate, sodium citrate dihydrate, and copper sulfate pentahydrate is used to test for the presence of reducing sugars. The solution will turn brick red in the presence of glucose.
Answer: Benedict's reagent [accept Benedict's test]
[10] A solution of this molecule in aqueous sulfuric acid will turn from orange to green in the presence of primary and secondary alcohols within two seconds, but the color change will take much longer in the presence of tertiary alcohols.
Answer: chromic oxide [or chromium (III) oxide; or CrO3; prompt on chromium oxide]
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The subject of this work is accused of plagiarizing a ``vain amatorious poem'' from Sir Philip Sidney. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this polemical tract attacking the Royalists, written as a justification of the execution of Charles I in direct response to Eikon Basilike.
Answer: Eikonoklastes
[10] Taking its title from a speech of Isocrates, this work by the author of Eikonoklastes compares a certain action to a person who "kills reason itself, kills the image of God.''
Answer: Areopagitica
[10] Eikonoklastes and Areopagitica were written by this poet who asked ``Doth God exact day-labour, light denied?'' in his sonnet ``On His Blindness.''
Answer: John Milton
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This medieval city gave an unusual amount of power to its legislature, the veche. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this city near Lake Ilmen in central western Russia which overcame Suzdal in the 1200s, but, despite allying with Tver, emerged as the loser of its intermittent contest with Moscow for supremacy in the next two centuries.
Answer: Velizky Novgorod[do not accept Nizhny Novgorod]
[10] This son of Vladimir of Kiev and builder of the Golden Gate granted autonomy to Novgorod in 1019. His activities in Kiev itself included compiling the law code Russian Justice and launching a failed attack on Constantinople in 1043.
Answer: Yaroslav I [or Yaroslav The Wise; or Yaroslav Mudry]
[10] Novgorod sent troops to support this prince of the town of Vladimir in 1242 during his successful repulsion of the Teutonic Knights at Lake Peipus, the Massacre on Ice.
Answer: Alexander Nevsky
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Answer the following about a group whose members were named Alfrigg, Dvalin, Berling, and Grer, for 10 points each.,
[10] These mysterious owners of a namesake golden necklace extracted a heavy price for the piece of jewelry. In order to attain it, Freya had to sleep with them on four consecutive nights.
Answer: The Brisings or Bristlings
[10] The Brisingamen came to be associated with Freya to such an extent that when this God disguised himself as the goddess in order to fool Thrym, she lent it to him to make the costume more convincing.
Answer: Thor
[10] Although the Brisings succeeded in bedding Freya, her most ardent lover may have been this human who allowed himself to be turned into a boar in order to be with her.
Answer: Ottar
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Answer the following about a building in Utrecht, for 10 points each.,
[10] The upstairs area of this building was a large open zone that its architect referred to as an attic.Built for a namesake woman with three kids, it featured a system of sliding and revolving panels, while the exterior used colors to differentiate the various facades.
Answer: The Schroder House
[10] The Schroder House was built by this man according to the principles of De Stijl.
Answer: Gerrit Rietveld
[10] Rietveld designed his Red and Blue Chair to resemble the paintings of this Neo-Plasticist whose works include Broadway Boogie Woogie.
Answer: Piet Cornelis Mondrian
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Their original use was in the theory of invariants. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these coefficients that are now most commonly seen when considering the coupling of two angular momentum eigenstates.
Answer: Clebsch-Gordan coefficients [or Wigner coefficients]
[10] In situations where one must couple three angular momenta together, these coefficients relate the three systems and are easier to use than successive applications of the Clebsch-Gordan coefficients.
Answer: Racah coefficients
[10] The most common type of angular momentum coupling in heavy atoms is this one where the coupling between the spin and orbital momentum of each electron dominates the coupling of the overall spin and orbital angular momentum.
Answer: JJ coupling
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The physicists X and Y surreptitiously write to Einstein in this play. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which a character explains how to mark suspected dissidents with chalk, another packs to leave for Amsterdam, and a judge agonizes over what decisions his political bosses want him to make.
Answer: The Private Life of the Master Race [or Furcht und Elend des dritten Reiches]
[10] The Private Life of the Master Race was written by this author of The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahogany and The Good Woman of Setzuan.
Answer: Eugen Berthold Brecht
[10] Another Brecht play which deals with Nazism, though allegorically, is this tale, prominently featuring a mirror in its stage direction, which follows a gangster who makes connections with Mayor Dogsborough in order to acquire control ofthe Cauliflower Trust.
Answer: The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui [or Der aufhaltsame Aufstieg des Arturo Ui]
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Very few languages possess the pure form of this; most known examples, like Basque, have a split form. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this morphosyntactic system which puts the subject of a transitive verb in one case and the object of a transitive verb and subject of an intransitive verb in another.
Answer: ergativity [accept ergative-absolutive languages]
[10] Ergative-absolutive languages are generally contrasted with this type of language named after its two main cases, one of which is for subjects and the other of which is for objects. Latin is a notable example.
Answer: nominative-accusative languages
[10] In addition to active and passive, many languages also have this voice, which indicates a reflexive action or one taken on the subject's behalf.
Answer: middle voice [accept mediopassive voice, I suppose]
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Attorney General Richard Olney attempted to stop this event by getting an injunction against its interference with mail service. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1894 labor action involving Eugene Debs, which Illinois governor John Altgeld refused to break.
Answer: The Pullman strike [or obvious equivalents]
[10] The Pullman strike was the first major action of this union, founded by Debs the previous year. Its failure led Debs to turn to socialism.
Answer: American Railway Union [or ARU]
[10] This rival of Oliver Howard and George Crook captured Geronimo, led the military's assault on the Pullman strikers, and was the highest-ranking general in the Spanish-American War.
Answer: Nelson Miles
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A figure on the left is smoking a cigarette, while in the foreground another is taking off his shorts and getting ready to jump in the water. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1907 canvas that depicted the titular subjects cavorting on what was called ``splinter beach,'' one of the broken down pier platforms that stuck out into the Hudson.
Answer: 42 Kids
[10] This painter of such Manhattan scenes as Cliff Dwellers and such boxing scenes as Both Members of this Club painted 42 Kids.
Answer: George Bellows
[10] Bellows drew a series of paintings depicting the construction of this New York landmark. It was designed by McKim, Mead, and White, and required everything between 31st and 33rd streets to be razed in order to construct an enormous pit.
Answer: Pennsylvania Train Station
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This city is found on the Choluteca River and occupies the slopes of Mount Picacho. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Honduran capital city, notable for being unreachable by rail.
Answer: Tegucigalpa
[10] Formerly an independent city and co-capital on the other side of the river, this city was officially absorbed into Tegucigalpa in 1938.
Answer: Comayaguela
[10] A hundred miles southwest of Tegucigalpa is this inlet of the Pacific, which Honduras's possession of Isla del Tigre is in. It also has coasts on Nicaragua and El Salvador.
Answer: Gulf of Fonseca [or Golfo de Fonseca]
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After hearing a romantic tune on the radio, the speaker of this poem laments, "I myself am hell." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem which suggests a wrongness in the progression of society with such images as abandoned houses around a mansion, fishing nets being used as decoration, and a formerly rich man auctioning off a yacht, before the title creature leads her children past the Trinitarian church in pursuit of some discarded sour cream.
Answer: "Skunk Hour"
[10] This poet of "My Last Afternoon with Uncle Devereux Winslow" and "For the Union Dead" wrote "Skunk Hour."
Answer: Robert Lowell
[10] This Lowell poem about the drowning of a cousin during World War II contrasts the death of humans at sea to the crucifixion of Jesus and the harpooning of whales, before introducing themes relating to Lowell's conversion to Catholicism in the penultimate section, "Our Lady of Walsingham."
Answer: "The Quaker Graveyard in Nantucket"
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Answer stuff about fluids, for 10 points each.,
[10] These non-linear partial differential equations are used to derive the velocity fields of fluids. They model the motion of liquids using continuum mechanics.
Answer: Navier-Stokes equations
[10] Exact solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations exist in certain situations, such as this type of flow where a viscous fluid is flowing between two parallel plates that are moving relative to each other.
Answer: Couette flow
[10] This number is the ratio of the inertial forces due to rotation of a fluid to viscous forces. It arises in certain situations of Couette flow where the fluid is between two rotating cylinders or spheres.
Answer: Taylor number
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His best known work utilizes verses from the Psalms and the Book of Daniel, for 10 points each.,
[10] Identify this British composer of The Bear and the aforementioned cantata, Belshazzar's Feast.
Answer: Sir William Walton
[10] Subtitled ``A Comedy Overture,'' this William Walton work was written to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. It is named for an arrogant, blustery character from the commedia dell' arte.
Answer: Scapino
[10] This 1926 piece, a setting for narrator and seven instruments of 21 poems by Edith Sitwell, made Walton a household name.
Answer: Facade
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Supported by two namesake acts in the 1530s, it typically involved visitations from men like Richard Layton and John London, agents of Thomas Cromwell. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this protracted event in the reign of Henry VIII that saw the blighting and closing of several Catholic religious institutions.
Answer: The Dissolution of the Monasteries [or Suppression of the Monasteries, etc]
[10] Centered in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire, this reaction to the Dissolution of the Monasteries was led by Robert Aske. It was deflated following a council at Pontefract where Thomas Howard agreed to pardon some of those involved.
Answer: The Pilgrimage of Grace
[10] New College, Oxford, was founded with the revenue from these monastic foundations with Cluniac and Norman ties. Edward I began the movement against their foreign influence, which culminated with Henry's closure of Lewes in 1537.
Answer: Alien Priories
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title story in this collection centers around a medical procedure being performed on the narrator's cousin, whose hearing was damaged by getting hit in the right ear by a baseball. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this story in which the narrator recalls a hospitalized girl who imagines flies sedating a woman to sleep with pollen in order to eat her, the title story of the most recent collection by the author of The Elephant Vanishes and After the Quake.
Answer: "Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman" [or "Mekurayanagi to, nemuru onna"]
[10] The author of Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman is this man, whose longer works tell of jazz club owner Hajime in South of the Border, West of the Sun and the suicidal Naoko in Norwegian Wood.
Answer: Haruki Murakami
[10] The title character of this short story in Blind Willow, Sleeping Woman was "assumed to be a mixed-blood child" because of his curly hair and sculpted features, although his father Shozaburo was a Japanese trombonist during World War II. That title character marries a shopaholic who is ironically killed in a car crash.
Answer: "Tony Takitani"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
These were introduced by their namesake in a 1958 paper entitled ``Time Stratigraphy.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Also known as chronostratigraphic charts, these diagrams use colored horizontal ribbons to display the distribution of sedimentary layers against the time those layers were deposited.
Answer: Wheeler Diagrams
[10] In order to obtain data on absolute time, Wheeler diagrams often use foraminifera from this region of the ocean, which lies below the pelagic zone and extends to the abyssal zone.
Answer: benthic zone
[10] This term is applied broadly to describe any chemical, biological, or physical process which alters the structure of sediment or sedimentary rock, including such processes as bioturbation and compaction.
Answer: diagenesis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these assassinated Swedes, for 10 points each.,
[10] This leader of the Social Democratic Workers Party was in his second stint as prime minister when he was shot on the street in 1986, possibly by agents of the South African government.
Answer: Sven Olaf Joachim Palme
[10] A recently-released Serbian mental patient, Mijailo Mijailovi'c, stabbed this foreign minister in a department store in 2003; she had ironically been scheduled to meet with Serbian prime minister Zoran DJ{}indj{}i'c on the day of his own assassination a few months earlier.
Answer: Anna Lindh
[10] This nephew of Gustav V was dispatched to Israel by the UN Security Council, where his advocacy for a Palestinian right of return led the Stern Gang to assassinate him alongside the French air force colonel Andre-Pierre Serot.
Answer: Greve Folke Bernadotte af Wisborg
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was written in three weeks at the Hermitage of Montmorency and was addressed to one of the Encyclopedie's contributors. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this epistolary work, in which the author argues that honesty and goodness is found within us rather than the spectacle of the titular genre.
Answer: Letter to D'Alembert Concerning the Theater or Letter on the Theater or Lettre a D'Alembert sur les spectacles
[10] This author of such works as Dreams of a Solitary Walker and Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts wrote 1758's Letter to D'Alembert Concerning the Theater.
Answer: Jean Jacques Rousseau
[10] Rousseau's best known philosophical work may be this 1762 treatise arguing that man should subordinate individual liberty by means of the titular concept to the will of all people, which would predominate.
Answer: The Social Contract or Le Contrat social
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a religious figure, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Scottish follower of Patrick Hamilton, who eventually settled down at Wittenberg, was cordially received at the court of Henry VIII and became a lecturer of theology at Cambridge.
Answer: Alexander Ales or Alesius
[10] Alexander Ales was commissioned by this Archbishop of Canterbury to make a Latin version of The First Prayer Book. He may be best known for his 42 Articles.
Answer: Thomas Cranmer
[10] While at Wittenberg, Alexander Ales signed this revolutionary document that was primarily the work of Philip Melanchthon.
Answer: The Augsburg Confession
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its "western" and "eastern" periods are divided by the Xin dynasty and the movement of the capital from Changan to Luoyang. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this dynasty, founded by the revolt of Liu Bang.
Answer: Han dynasty
[10] This member of the Three Kingdoms supplanted the Han in the south and added new territory to the Chinese cultural sphere from its center at Nanjing, following Sun Quan's ascendancy as emperor of this polity based on a victory at Yiling.
Answer: State/kingdom/empire of Wu
[10] This founder of the Five Pecks of Rice Society led a de facto independent Daoist theocracy in central China during the waning years of the Han.
Answer: Zhang Daoling [or Chang Ling]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This woman was the girlfriend of accused gang boss Israel Vallarta and was sentenced to sixty years in prison for complicity in certain kidnappings. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French citizen and subject of a 2009 cause celebre over the refusal of the country imprisoning her to deport her back to France to serve her sentence.
Answer: Florence Cassez
[10] Florence Cassez is being jailed in this country, whose other recent crime scandals included the discovery of the "House of Death."
Answer: Mexico
[10] During an April 2009 visit to Mexico, this French president lobbied for the transfer of Cassez.
Answer: Nicolas Sarkozy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At the beginning of this novel, the protagonist works in a railroad station kitchen in Ukraine. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel by Nikolai Ostrovsky, in which Pavel Korchagin is crippled during the October Revolution and becomes an inspirational writer for the Communist cause in Russia.
Answer: How the Steel was Tempered
[10] How the Steel was Tempered is an exemplary work of this genre, the official Soviet literary doctrine, which was advocated by Maxim Gorky.
Answer: socialist realism
[10] This Gorky short story, from the book Creatures That Once Were Men, focuses on the titular number of kringel bakers, who turn on Tanya after she is seduced by the boss.
Answer: "Twenty-Six Men and a Girl" [or "Dvadsat' shest' i odna"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these synthetic materials sometimes used to make artificial tissues.,
[10] A common synthetic scaffold consists of copolymers of glycolic acid and this slightly larger acid, which degrades slower due to steric hindrance and hydrophobicity effects.
Answer: lactic acid
[10] This material is used to make sutures and replacement ligaments, and has also been used in a variety of plastic surgery practices as well as largely unsuccessful vascular grafts. It is better known for its use in waterproof jackets and boots.
Answer: Gore-Tex®
[10] This material is widely used in hydrogels due to being protein resistant. It is also apparently used to treat constipation.
Answer: poly(ethylene glycol) [or PEG]

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