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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Editors 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
John Gibbs led a revolt in its epicenter a few years after this event, which saw prisoners held for two weeks in the house of Captain Crawford. Arms for this event were provided by Captain Zachary Gilliam, which started after Valentine Byrd and Timothy Biggs were replaced by Thomas Eastchurch and Thomas Miller to enforce a statute ignored by John Judkins and Governor Drummond. One of its leaders was later exonerated thanks to testimony in London by the Earl of Shaftesbury, and it was also led by George Durant. Sparked by the enforcement of the colony's proprietors of the Navigation Acts and based in the Albermarle region, for 10 points, name this 1677-1679 rebellion which made its namesake the temporary governor of the Carolinas.
Answer: Culpepper's Rebellion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
One character in this poem describes ``nations striving strong'' as being ``mad as hatters'', and another wonders ``will the world ever saner be." Another stanza cites the drooling of the "glebe cow," as well as ``the howl of wakened hounds'' and describes how ``the worms drew back into the mounds'' after the titular event. Stourton Tower, Camelot, and ``starlit Stonehenge'' are reached by the sound of the title activity which ``broke the chancel window-squares,'' and caused the narrator and his companions to think "it was the Judgment-day''. Written in April 1914, its second to last stanza features Parson Thirdly, a character from the author's novel Far From the Madding Crowd, noting that he should have stuck to pipes and beer rather than preaching. Beginning ``That night your great guns, unawares / shook all our coffins as we lay," for 10 points, name this poem describing English naval drills, a work by Thomas Hardy.
Answer: Channel Firing
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
Pogo and tad are two of the few examples of these entities found in Neurospora. In May 2005, Kapitonov and Jurka found the first ``free-living'' one in a tunicate. Nancy Kleckner used the lacZ gene to demonstrate one process performed by them, while another process was modeled by Jim Shapiro, after whom an intermediate involving them is named. Johng Kim studied their hobo variety, and Discovery Genomics, Inc. has trademarked the Sleeping Beauty variant. Some forms of hemophilia may be caused by the LINE variety, and the SINE variety includes the Alu gene that accounts for around ten percent of human DNA. Unlike replicons, they do not contain their own replication origin. For 10 points, name these genetic elements that include the P element, which ``jump'' from place to place in a molecule of DNA.
Answer: transposons [or transposable genetic elements; prompt on jumping genes]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A deep red drape extends down from the top of the canvas, while gray and white silk sheets dominate the bottom. Given its peculiar name after John Morrit brought it to the namesake town in Yorkshire, it was commissioned by the Marquis of Eliche. Eschewing the usual blond hair associated with previous versions of the subject, this 1650 work is the artist's only surviving nude. Intertwining pink silk ribbons threaten to cover the blurry reflection of the title figure, whose mirror is held up by a small winged boy. For 10 points identify this work that features the goddess of love lying on her bed, her back turned to the viewer, a work by Diego Velazquez.
Answer: The Rokeby Venus [also accept Toilet of Venus or Venus at her Mirror]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Deutsch and Gerard repeated this experiment using partitions to decrease uncertainty. Crutchfield's modified version of this experiment demonstrated that its central findings held when subjects were presented with statements of opinions. This experiment was designed to correct for the subjectivity of previous experiments involving the autokinetic effect. The psychologist who performed this experiment divided its subjects into "yielders" and "independents" in his writings about it, which include "Opinions and Social Pressure." Subjects in this experiment were placed sixth out of a group of seven, and told that they were participating in a vision test. During this experiment, subjects were shown a card with lines marked A, B, and C, and asked to select the one most similar to line X. For 10 points, name this experiment in which confederates who gave unanimously wrong answers influenced subjects to select an incorrect line.
Answer: Solomon Asch conformity experiment [accept conformity experiment]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
On the cover of the album named for this song, the singer wears black boots and a dress and has a woman's hairstyle while lounging on a blue-draped couch in front of a floor where several dozen photographs are scattered. Some of its lyrics are borrowed from William Huhes Means's poem "Antigonish." When this song was first performed on Saturday Night Live, along with "TVC 15" and "Boys Keep Swinging," its singer was wearing a plastic tuxedo and was backed up by performance artist Klaus Nomi. The original singer of this song collaborated with Lulu to produce its first hit cover, while another cover of this song was performed after a version of "Jesus Doesn't Want Me for a Sunbeam" and before "Pennyroyal Tea" on an acoustic album recorded at the Sony studios in New York. This song is narrated by a figure who "searched for form and land" after stating "I thought you died alone a long long time ago" to someone whom he "passed upon the stairs." For 10 points, name this song in which the narrator claims "we never lost control" after being "face to face" with the titular merchant, the title track of a 1970 David Bowie album which was notably redone by Nirvana.
Answer: "The Man Who Sold the World"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It compares the pursuit of pleasure by men to the stinging of a bee because each leaves something behind after the act. The last part opens with the story of a farmer digging for gold to illustrate the belief in chance. It discusses the concept of ``honor'' by referring to ``an ulcer'' of a man named Nonius and illustrates its consideration of the ``world-soul'' with references to Plato's Timaeus. This volume inspired Alcuin's preface to De Grammatica, and its translators included such authors as Jean de Meun and Geoffrey Chaucer. The most important of its five sections considers whether or not mental acts of free will exist in light of God's ability to know everything. Written in the form of a dialogue between a condemned man sitting in a prison and a woman who personifies the title entity, for 10 points, identify this work written in 524 by Boethius.
Answer: The Consolation of Philosophy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A theory formulated by Hardcastle and Hanus in 1926 predicted that the shape of these objects results from ablation. That theory was adopted by Chapman in an attempt to answer their namesake problem. They can appear as flanged buttons or in a layered form known as Muong-Nong, but the splash-form type studied by Reinhart is most common. Coined in name by Austrian geologist Eduard Suess, a single specimen was discovered on Martha's Vineyard with a translucent green color, similar to the moldavites discovered in Czechoslovakia. Once explained by Virgil Barnes as a type of fulgurite, they are characterized by much lower water content than standard obsidians. Theorized to be ejecta from terrestrial impact craters, for 10 points, name these glassy rocks found in large strewn fields in Australasia which may result from meteorite events.
Answer: tektites
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
During this conflict, Duke Eric II of Calenberg lifted the siege of Bremen before being defeated in the Battle of Drakenberg. One leader achieved the political freedom to instigate this war through his peace with Francis I of France, and it began two years later when Duke Maurice of Albertine Saxony invaded Ernestine Saxony. This war was effectively decided by the Battle of Muhlberg, which saw the defeat of John Frederick I and Philip the Magnanimous. For 10 points, name this 1546 to 1547 war fought between the Catholic forces of Charles V and the Protestant forces of an entity including Brunswick, Madgeburg, and Hesse.
Answer: Schmalkaldic War [or War of the Schmalkaldic League; accept anything containing the words Schmalkaldic or League of Schmalkald]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His short stories include one in which five different Noahs sail five different boats, ``The Chosen,'' as well as a humorous work about an ambassador, ``Right of Sanctuary.'' Both of those stories were collected in The War of Time, a volume that preceded this man's novel about a conquistador's encounter with Vivaldi and the subsequent decision to compose the opera Motezuma. Another of his novels, which features the prostitute Estrella and climaxes at a concert hall during a performance of Eroica, centers on the pursuit of an informer and is called Manhunt. In another novel, this author adopted the story of Victor Hughes, a naval hero who led the assault against the British at Guadeloupe. That work, originally called The Age of Enlightenment, was translated into English as Explosion in a Cathedral. His earliest success which begins with the resistance of Macandal and tells the story of Ti Noel, who lives through the revolution in his native Haiti, may be best known for its preface which argued for an intermingling of the everyday with the miraculous in Latin American Literature. For 10 points, identify this Cuban author of such works as The Lost Steps, who introduced the concept of magical realism in his novel The Kingdom of this World.
Answer: Alejo Carpentier
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work's second subject, in E major, introduces a moment of tranquility, but is soon overtaken by the rhythmic intensity of the main theme. In the finale, that main theme, a seven note melody, begins quieter, then transforms into ecstatic celebration, and is marked Rondo (Allegretto moderato). This work, which opens with a pulsating progression, originally included an Andante favori at the beginning of the final movement, but this was a replaced by a shorter Adagio introduction. Its composition was preceded by the composer's acquisition of an Erard fortepiano in 1803. For 10 points, identify this work in C major, Beethoven's Sonata 21, dedicated to and named for Count Ferdinand Ernst, the composer's then patron.
Answer: The "Waldstein" Sonata [or Sonata No. 21 in C major, Op. 53; accept either underlined part before it is mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Some of this river's tributaries include the Bober and the Bartsch. Along with the Niesse River, this river helps define an international border fixed by the Potsdam Conference, and it eventually flows into the Bay of Pomerania. For 10 points, identify this river which defines part of the Germany-Poland border and is the second-longest in Poland.
Answer: Oder River
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Though he is not from the eighteenth century, this man was mocked in periodicals such as The Mosquito and The Meddler. An unsuccessful revolt against Decree 798 and other parts of his attempt to take a national census is sometimes known as the ``war of the wasps,'' and peasants destroyed scales to protest this man's new system of weights and measures in the ``Smash the Kilos'' revolt. This man's fight over whether bishops could expel freemasons from their churches is known as the ``Religious Question,'' and his son-in-law, the Count d'Eu, was derisively known as ``The Frenchman.'' Abraham Lincoln is said to have remarked that this man was the only one he trusted to arbitrate the U.S. Civil War. He eliminated the practice of kissing the royal hand upon returning from a trip to Europe, during which his daughter Isabel enacted the Law of the Free Womb, which freed children of slaves in his country. For 10 points, name this man who was overthrown by Manuel Deodoro de Fonseca in 1889, thus becoming the last emperor of Brazil.
Answer: Dom Pedro II de Alcantara [there's a bunch of other names after this, but I don't reasonably expect anyone to give them]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This construct is related to the m = 5 and m = 6 cases of a Virasoro algebra discrete series representation. A chiral form of it was developed by Rodney Baxter, and the Tutte polynomial is a generalization of the chromatic polynomial that applies to the partition function of this construct. Pauline Hogeweg extended its cellular type, also known as the Glazier/Graner model, to the study of morphogenesis, and its original formulation, known as the clock model, becomes the XY model as q approaches infinity. Its Hamiltonian is expressed as a summation of Kronecker delta functions of all sites on the lattice. For 10 points, identify this model that is also known as the Ashkin-Teller model and is exactly solvable in one dimension, a model of lattice spins that is a generalization of the Ising Model.
Answer: Potts model [accept Ashkin-Teller model before it is mentioned]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A notable building of this man's that has not survived was a 1200 seat theater on Savage's Green. His teachers included Thomas Ivory and he worked with Thomas Cooley on the Royal Exchange building before he emigrated. He and his longtime partner Pierce Purcell helped design and build the Seabrook House and the Charleston County Courthouse in South Carolina, and he also designed the Georgian ``Great Hotel,'' the largest privately owned building in the nation's capital before 1810. But his most famous design, originally inspired by the Leinster House in Dublin, was chosen as the winning entry in a special competition precipitated by L'Enfant's dismissal from the project by George Washington. For 10 points, identify this Irish-born architect of the White House.
Answer: James Hoban
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's anti-Muslim policies included banning the washing of the dead and forbidding anyone who was not a qualified surgeon from performing a circumcision. Muslim retaliation to this man's policies included a wave of bombings accompanied with the slogan ``forty years, forty bombs.'' Unrealistic modifications of his country's Third Five-Year Plan were known as this man's ``Theses.'' Under this man, the company Kintex provided arms to Third World countries and may have also been involved in the drug trade. Late in his rule, he proposed a liberalization of government known as the ``July Concept'' and initiated the ``New Economic Mechanism,'' but also demanded that all Turks in his country change their names. A conspiracy theory claims that his secret service was behind the 1981 assassination attempt of Pope John Paul II. For 10 points, name this Communist leader of Bulgaria from 1954 to 1989.
Answer: Todor Zhivkov
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This work critiques the definition of ``sad'' and ``happy'' songs and questions the utility of the rallying cry, ``protect our women.'' At one point its author recalls that his devout father feared his ambition and it recounts his struggles for acceptance at a majority Jewish school. This work argues that life is tragic and that the majority of people in the author's community believe the cold war, not a desire to change, precipitated the decision in Brown v. Board. It outlines and ultimately rejects the teachings of Elijah Muhammad and is divided into two of what its author has dubbed ``letters:'' one ``to the author's nephew,'' the other ``from a region in the author's mind.'' Its final pages repeatedly ask, ``What will happen to all that beauty?,'' and cites Du Bois' assertion that ``The Problem of the 20th Century is the problem of the color line'' in order to urge white Americans to reexamine what they think, before the titular disaster occurs. For 10 points, identify this 1963 book, composed of the sections ``My Dungeon Shook'' and ``Down at the Cross,'' a plea for racial acceptance by James Baldwin.
Answer: The Fire Next Time
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one story, an enraged Diomedes took this figure's body and tossed it into the river Scamander. According to Quintus Smyrnaeus, this figure, who was arrayed in ``flaming mail that resembled lightning,'' wielded a pair of spears and a halberd created by Eris; with these weapons, this figure killed such warriors as Machaon and Podarces. Chalon of Cyparissus met his end trying to defend this figure, while Cleite's ship was blown off course during a voyage to meet up and join this figure's expeditionary force, whose other members included Themodosa and an eventual successor, Antianara. It was this figure's purification at the hands of Priam that motivated this ruler to come to Troy. Shortly after this figure's death, the bow-legged Thersites mocked a certain Greek hero for falling in love with this woman's corpse. The daughter of Otrera and Ares, for 10 points, identify this sister of Hippolyta, a queen of the Amazons slain by Achilles.
Answer: Penthesilea
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At one point in this work, its author makes a curious distinction between the Saracens and the Ishmaelites. Towards the end of this work, the narrator describes entering a temple with a foreign king and looking at images made out of stone and wood that appeared ``as if the devil had devised them.'' The fourth part of this work catalogs certain doomed couples, including Hercules and Omphale, and makes the point that lust always has consequences, even for the powerful. Scattered throughout this work are references to the historical exploits of Gerald the Fearless and the shepherd warrior Viriatus. Canto V, which documents a vision of St. Elmo's fire and a landing at Saint Helena Bay, may be best known for its introduction of the evil Adamastor, who controls the Cape of Good Hope and who is sent to interfere with the heroic fleet. First published in 1572, it begins with the author's appeal to the ``nymphs of the Tagus'' and sets up a struggle between Bacchus and Venus over a quest to reach India. For 10 points, identify this epic celebrating Vasco de Gama and the Portugese people, a work by Luiz vaz de Camoes.
Answer: The Lusiads or Os Lusiadas
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This molecule reacts with alpha,beta unsaturated carbonyl compounds to form cyclopropane compounds. A fifty percent solution of this molecule and water produces a lower 100 to 111 etch rate than KOH or EDP, but produces sharply defined corners. It is produced in acetone by the Bayer process, and from urea via the Hoffman process. Methyl ethyl ketone and hydrogen peroxide are two of the reactants used in the Atofina/PCUK process for its production, and it is produced when a hypochlorite ion oxidizes ammonia in the Raschig process. For 10 points, name this molecule that attacks a carbonyl compound in the Wolff-Kishner reaction, a component of rocket fuel with formula N2H4.
Answer: hydrazine [accept early N2H4]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Jean Francois de Rozier, the first hot-air balloon pilot, died in a fall from a balloon named for this place. During the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, this was the only town from which the Merchants Staples permitted English wool to be exported. A treaty named for this place gave control of Aquitaine to Edward III in return for Edward renouncing claims to the throne of France and promised the release from captivity of Jean II; that treaty is also known as the Treaty of Bretigny. The duke of Guise conquered it in 1558, thereby removing the last English foothold in France. In the wake of the Battle of Crecy, it was besieged by English troops until six of the town's leaders volunteered as hostages. For 10 points, name this French port which, in 1346, made heroes of those ``burghers.''
Answer: Calais [accept Bretigny before it is read]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Bai et al. covalently bonded PEI to a PMMA substrate in producing a microchannel-based device for performing this technique. Reagents used in this procedure often undergo a checkerboard titration, and some forms of it exploit the biotin/avidin system. The output of this procedure is typically read as percent of optical density, and the three main types are liquid phase, indirect, and sandwich. Though $beta$-galactosidase and alkaline phosphatase are sometimes used, horseradish peroxidase gives the fastest results due to its high turnover number. It involves a chromophore attached to a nonspecific antibody, which attaches to a specific antibody that is already bound to an antigen. For 10 points, name this alternative to radioimmunoassay for identifying and measuring the amount of proteins, often pathogens, in a fluid sample.
Answer: ELISA [or enzyme-l-inked immunosorbent assay; or enzyme immunoassay; or EIA]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
At one point in this play, two characters debate God's Law and listen to the song of the reapers out in the field. The First Act ends with an elderly person being locked up while yelling about love ``by the shore of the sea!'' It is prefaced by a note from the author identifying this work as a ``photographic document'' and opens with a servant reflecting on her thirty years of service to a household run with an iron fist. That character later discusses her first encounter with a man nicknamed ``the Shortailed'' in an effort to cheer up her mistresses. Completed two years after another work by the same author concerning motherhood, this work's final act sees the maid Poncia guess the truth about the youngest sister's doomed love affair with the fiance of her older sibling, Pepe el Romano. This work ends with a suicide and the oppressive title figure yelling ``Silence'' at her four remaining daughters, including Angustias and Magdelena. For 10 points, identify this tragedy subtitled ``A Drama about Women in the Villages of Spain,'' a work by Frederico Garcia Lorca.
Answer: The House of Bernarda Alba
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It includes such chapters as ``Of the Diversity of Affections'' and ``Against the Enticings or Provokings unto Avarice.'' One of its most notable sections asks why one should speak to God through a priest, when one can speak to God directly. It avoids any discussion of the sacraments and argues that scripture should be made freely available to all people. Its primary argument is that true Christianity is an inner, personal practice that is based on going back to the Bible and leaving aside rituals and ceremony. First translated into English by one of the author's students, William Tyndale, its composition and title were inspired by a meeting with an uneducated warrior. For 10 points, identify this 1503 work describing the nature of piety and true religion to a layman, written by Erasmus.
Answer: Enchiridion Militis Christiani or Handbook of a Christian Soldier or Manual of a Christian Soldier [accept equivalents like Handbook for a Christian Knight or Manual of a Christian Knight]
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Editors 1
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel's protagonist encounters such women as the wealthy patron Olivia Davenport and his birthmarked, hunchbacked half-sister Rhoda. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1970 work that focuses on the life of a painter named Hurtle Duffield who sees God as the primary example of the title figure.
Answer: The Vivisector
[10] The Vivisector, along with such works as Riders in the Chariot and Tree of Man, was written by this Australian writer.
Answer: Patrick White
[10] Shortlisted for the 1979 Booker prize, this Patrick White novel is set in three different locales, and focuses on several sexually ambiguous incarnations of the same person variously named Eudoxia, Eddie, or Eadith.
Answer: The Twyborn Affair
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Among its provisions were the abolition of the practice of compounding. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this piece of legislation spearheaded by Benjamin Disraeli that extended the franchise to nearly one million men.
Answer: Reform Bill of 1867 [or Second Reform Bill or Representation of the People Act of 1867; accept "Act" for "Bill"]
[10] Besides giving warm-up speeches for Richard Cobden at Anti-Corn Law League meetings, this critic of the Crimean War helped push popular opinion for the Second Reform Act with his various "Speeches on Parliamentary Reform" in 1866.
Answer: John Bright
[10] Although spearheaded by Disraeli, the Second Reform Bill was passed under this Conservative Prime Minister who served from 1866 to 1868. Disraeli praised him for "abolishing slavery, educating Ireland and reforming Parliament".
Answer: Lord Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley, the 14th Earl of Derby [accept either answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The villain of this 1915 novel is an adventurer named Jones who invades the protagonist's island sanctuary at the behest of the unscrupulous hotel keeper Schomberg. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work about Axel Heyst's life and love for Lena, set in the South Seas.
Answer: Victory
[10] Victory was written by this author of Almayer's Folly and Lord Jim.
Answer: Joseph Conrad or Josef Korzeniowski
[10] In this 1903 Conrad novel, the heroic Captain MacWhirr must ride out a storm and bring his Chinese passengers to safety.
Answer: Typhoon
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these laws of photochemistry.,
[10] This law states that the absorbance of a solution is equal to the optical path length times the concentration of the absorbing species times the molar extinction coefficient.
Answer: Beer-Lambert-Bouguer Law
[10] This basic law, sometimes called the First Law of Photochemistry, states that only light that is absorbed by a molecule can cause a chemical change.
Answer: Grotthus-Draper Law
[10] This other basic law, sometimes called the Second Law of Photochemistry or the Law of Photochemical Equivalence, states that only one molecule is activated photochemically per absorbed photon. It is named after two German physicists, both of which are better known for other work involving light and electrons.
Answer: Stark-Einstein Law
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a sculpture, for 10 points each.,
[10] Completed in 1480, this small bronze depicts the moment when a certain mythological hero succeeds in lifting his adversary from the earth, thereby defeating him.
Answer: Hercules and Antaeus
[10] This artist of the Hercules and Antaeus was praised by Vasari for his odd looking print, The Battle of the Nudes or Ten Men Fighting.
Answer: Antonio del Pollaiuolo
[10] Pollaiuolo's best known painting may be this 1475 depiction of a titular saint being shot at from all angles and all sides of the canvas by six archers.
Answer: St. Sebastian
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a religion also known as Lukumi, for 10 points each.,
[10] Primarily developed by Yoruba slaves in Cuba, it blends West African beliefs with Roman Catholicism.
Answer: Santeria
[10] This is the term for the system of divination that allows Santeria priests to understand the teachings of the various Orisha or spirits.
Answer: Ifa
[10] The many Orishas are actually different manifestations of this Supreme Being of the Yoruba spiritual system.
Answer: Olodumare or Olorun or Eledumare or Eleda or Olofin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This book discusses ways to distinguish normal forms from pathological forms. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1895 book by Emile Durkheim that describes the importance of using empirical data and studying social facts in the title academic discipline.
Answer: The Rules of Sociological Method [or Les regles de la methode sociologique]
[10] This British sociologist wrote New Rules of Sociological Method and developed the theory of structuration.
Answer: Anthony Giddens
[10] Giddens wrote that this stage of history is categorized by institutional reflexivity in a book about it "and self-identity." Habermas wrote a work about about the "philosophical discourse" of it.
Answer: modernity
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about some common occurrences in New York City, for 10 points each.,
[10] Edward Shapiro called this riot, lasting from August 19-22, 1991, the "most serious anti-Semitic incident in American history". It takes its name from the heavily-Caribbean Brooklyn neighborhood where it took place.
Answer: Crown Heights Riot
[10] Taking place during the tenure of Mayor John Lindsay, these riots were sparked by a raid from undercover police officers Charles Smythe and Seymour Pine. Its radicalism was criticized by several members of the Mattachine Society.
Answer: Stonewall Riots
[10] Most directly sparked by the publishing of names collected by the city's Provost Marshall, part of the Army of the Potomac eventually put down this primarily Irish-led riot that came in the wake of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Answer: New York City Draft Riots [or Draft Week]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It can come in 3-lead, 5-lead, or 12-lead varieties. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this recording of the electrical activity of the heart.
Answer: electrocardiogram [or EKG; or ECG]
[10] Romano-Ward syndrome is the most common congenital form of this syndrome, which is diagnosed by an abnormal interval between the two namesake waves on an EKG.
Answer: Long QT syndrome [or LQTS]
[10] This bane of small children is a 5-lead portable EKG device designed to be worn for up to forty-eight hours, and measures the heart's electrical activity as the patient goes about his ``normal daily routine.''
Answer: Holter monitor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It is set in 1890s Ohio, for 10 points each.,
[10] Identify this 1966 novel that concludes with the protagonist, a man with the first name Brackett, leaving the town of Gilean, after the mysterious death of his landlord, Henry Pimber.
Answer: Omensetter's Luck
[10] Omensetter's Luck was the first novel by this American writer of such other works as Habitations of the Word and The Tunnel.
Answer: William H. Gass
[10] This experimental William Gass novella challenges conventional narrative by inserting photographs and weird typography. It begins with the line, ``She'd love him even if his head weren't shiny.''
Answer: Willie Master's Lonesome Wife
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its title figure is the son of Gervaise, the tragic laundrywoman in the author's previous work L'Assomoir. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this novel about a train conductor named Jacques who lusts after his boss' wife Severine, is seized by sudden attacks of blind rage, and eventually commits a number of murders.
Answer: La Bete Humaine or The Human Beast
[10] La Bete Humaine is part of this series of Emile Zola novels that is subtitled ``The natural and social history of a family living during the second empire.''
Answer: Les Rougon-Macquart
[10] Jacques' last name is Lantier, which makes him the brother of this miner and protagonist of Zola's Germinal.
Answer: Etienne Lantier
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Also known as the ``horse drivers,'' they made a path through the clouds every morning for the goddess of the dawn, Usha. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these golden colored twin sons of the sun god, Surya.
Answer: Asvin or Aswin twins
[10] According to the Rig Veda, the Asvin twins helped to guard these seven great sages of Hindu mythology; they include such figures as Kasyapa.
Answer: rishis
[10] Like the Asvins, one of these twin sons of Leda and Zeus, known as the Dioscuri, excelled at horsemanship, the other was a formidable boxer. Name them both for the 10 points.
Answer: Castor and Pollux
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The belligerents in this conflict moved on Tunis after the other side failed to pay them their one gold coin at Sicca. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this war of the 240s B.C.E., partially commanded by Matho and Spendius and also known as the Libyan War.
Answer: Mercenary War [Truceless War or Mercenaries' War]
[10] The Mercenary War was ostensibly fought over payment owed to fighters for the loser in this earlier war, which saw the Romans make use of naval weapons called corvuses to win battles like Mylae. Hamilcar Barca's Carthiginians were defeated in this war.
Answer: First Punic War
[10] One of the primary sources for information about the Mercenary War comes from this Greek ex-patriate who posited that Rome's greatness came from its balance of power in his Histories.
Answer: Polybius
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
There are lots of interesting ways to lose a World Series. For 10 points each:,
[10] In the eighth inning of Game 7 of the 1924 World Series, Bucky Harris hit a grounder that hopped over this 18-year-old rookie third baseman's head, allowing the tying runs to score; four innings later, Earl McNeely's game-winning grounder also hopped over his head.
Answer: Frederick Anthony ``Freddie'' Lindstrom
[10] In 1926, Bob O'Farrell ended Game 7 by throwing out this man on an attempted steal of second base. He may be better known for a gesture made just before homering off Charlie Root in the 1932 World Series.
Answer: George Herman ``Babe'' Ruth
[10] Mitch Williams surrendered the only World Series-winning walkoff home run to this man in Game 6 of the 1993 World Series.
Answer: Joseph Chris ``Joe'' Carter
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about certain cosmic events, for 10 points each.,
[10] These pulses of the namesake electromagnetic radiation were first detected by the Vela satellite. They are thought to be caused by the collapse of high-mass stars into black holes.
Answer: gamma ray bursts [or GRBs]
[10] Gamma ray bursts can be detected by these devices which use two joined scintillators with unequal decay time constants, which allow the gamma rays to be distinguished from other EM radiation.
Answer: phoswich detector [or phosphor sandwich detector]
[10] Many phoswich detectors were employed by this satellite that orbited from 1996 to 2003 and discovered most of the known gamma ray bursts in the universe.
Answer: BeppoSAX
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about some gender-bending historical times, for 10 points each.,
[10] Often considered to begin with the rise in power of Roxelana, a concubine of Sulieman, this period lasting into the 17th century saw the increased influence of the harem and queen regents over Ottoman policy.
Answer: The Sultanate of Women [or Kadinlar Saltanati]
[10] Notable events in the history of this period saw John X made to watch the execution of his brother Peter by Maria, daughter of Theodora the Elder. Earlier, Theodora allegedly sired John XI with Sergius III.
Answer: The Pornocracy [or Saeculum Obscurum or The Rule of the Harlets or Hurenregiment]
[10] This religious figure attacked "that cruel monster Mary" for "marrying without her own tribe" in his 1558 tract, "The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women". He also helped write The Book of Discipline and The Scots Confession.
Answer: John Knox
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following related to a particular instrument, for 10 points each.,
[10] Max Reger wrote three sonatas for this instrument and piano, and it, along with the flute, opens the first movement of Ravel's Bolero.
Answer: clarinet
[10] This man wrote his Ebony Concerto for clarinet in 1946. Parts of it quote the composer's previous work, The Soldier's Tale.
Answer: Igor Stravinsky
[10] The main theme of this work by Franz Shubert, now known as his Eighth Symphony, comes from the clarinet and the oboe.
Answer: Unfinished Symphony
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The first begins ``Happy ye leaves when as those lily hands'' and they were addressed to a woman named Elizabeth. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this sequence of 89 sonnets published in 1594.
Answer: Amoretti
[10] Edmund Spenser's Amoretti was published in conjunction with this song, which begins with an invocation to the muses and features a section depicting the bride's arrival at her new home.
Answer: Epithalamion
[10] Written as a dialogue between two Englishmen, this 1596 tract by Spenser amounted to a vigorous apology for the brutally repressive English colonialist regime on the titular island.
Answer: A View of the Present State of Ireland
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following related to a philosopher, for 10 points each.,
[10] He argues for an extreme version of self-mastery as the only true autonomy in his most famous work, 1844's The Ego and Its Own.
Answer: Max Stirner or Johann Casper Schmidt
[10] Much of Max Stirner's work was an attack on this group of contemporary thinkers and one time friends, whose members included Moses Hess and Bruno Bauer.
Answer: Young Hegelians or Left Hegelians
[10] Numerous historians have speculated on whether or not this author of The Gay Science and Ecce Homo read Stirner.
Answer: Friedrich Nietzsche
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He started experimenting with fractals in his paper ``How Long is the Coast of Britain?'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French mathematician.
Answer: Benoit Mandelbrot
[10] Fractal constructions of paths of a continuously moving point that visit every point in the unit square or cube or hypercube, etc., are given this name.
Answer: space-filling curve
[10] In two dimensions, this name is given to the space-filling curve on the unit square.
Answer: Peano curve
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
His father Fouad was assassinated in 1921, and this author of For a More Humane Socialism helped found his country's Progressive Socialist Party in 1949. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this leader of the opposition forces in his country's 1975 civil war against the Phalangists, presumably assassinated by the SSNP in 1977.
Answer: Kamal Jumblatt
[10] Kamal Jumblatt was a native of this country, whose other charismatic leaders included Bashir Gemayel, a Phalangist candidate killed during his country's namesake 1982 war.
Answer: Republic of Lebanon [or Lebanese Republic]
[10] During that 1982 Lebanese War, Phalangists perpetrated this massacre of Palestineans following the death of Bashir. The Kahan Commission was launched to look into why the Israeli Defense Forces stood by as this massacre took place.
Answer: The Sabra and Shatila Masscare [prompt on partial answer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a rival to string theory, for 10 points each.,
[10] This theory, most famously expounded by Lee Smolin, considers space as a collection of discrete spin networks.
Answer: loop quantum gravity
[10] The idea of a spin network was first proposed by this scientist, the creator of twistors and author of The Emperor's New Mind.
Answer: Roger Penrose
[10] These variables, first formulated by their namesake to simplify the Wheeler-DeWitt equation, are used in loop quantum gravity to characterize the nature of space using a connection and a triad.
Answer: Ashtekar variables
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about a series of works with subtitles like ``Distended,'' ``Softly Spoken,'' and ``Curious,'' for 10 points each.,
[10] Begun after its creator had moved to Yale from Black Mountain College in 1950, it consists of hundreds of paintings on a single geometrical theme.
Answer: Homage to the Square
[10] This artist and author of the theoretical Interaction of Color painted Homage to the Square.
Answer: Josef Albers
[10] Before moving to America, Josef Albers was associated with this German Art collective whose other prominent members included Marcel Breuer and Walter Gropius.
Answer: The Bauhaus

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