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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Chicago A
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These devices are characterized by a magnification coefficient that appears in the indicator equation characterizing the instrument response.Most modern examples of them use force feedback and employ Galitzin's innovation of using a transducer to couple to a galvanometer. The reduced response of Galitzin systems was a critical factor in developing the Sprengnether and Benioff variants of these instruments. The Wood-Anderson torsion variant is used in defining a popular magnitude scale.Their placement in a borehole will reduce the noise recorded by them, which has been used to infer the locations of large storm centers. They record arrival times of S and P waves, whose difference is proportional to the distance to the epicenter. For 10 points, name these devices used to record earthquakes.
Answer: seismometer or seismograph [grudgingly accept seismoscope or even seismogram]
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We first hear this character's name from Curio, who goes in search of him.At one point he asks another character, ``What is the opinion of Pythagoras concerning wild fowl?''Shortly therafter he sings ``Hey Robin, jolly Robin, / Tell me how thy lady does'' when he revisits that other character.That other character had earlier called this man a ``barren rascal'' and noted that ``unless you laugh and minister occasion to him, he is gagged,'' an insult this character repays by playing the part of Sir Topas the curate while teasing an imprisoned, arrogant steward.He receives money from both of the twins Sebastian and Viola, and he helps Sir Toby Belch get revenge on Malvolio.For 10 points, name this clown and jester from Twelfth Night.
Answer: Feste the jester [prompt on clown before it is read]
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He engaged in a dispute with Gilbert `the Red' de Clare over building a castle in Glamorgan, and was troubled by Roger Mortimer's support of Humphrey de Bohun. He massacred the troops of Luke de Tany at Moel-y-don. Pirates were hired to intercept Eleanor de Montfort en route to her marriage with this man, prompting his signing of the Treaty of Aberconwy, after he signed the Treaty of Pipton with Simon de Montfort.The Battle of Cadfan saw Stephen Bayzan defeated by this man's ally Maredudd, and he was recognized as prince of his lands in the Treaty of Montgomery. He died at the Battle of Orewin Bridge. Early in life, at the Battle of Bryn Derwin, he defeated his brothers Owain and Dafydd, the latter of whom succeeded him. Edward I stripped this man's home of Gywnned of all royal insignia. For 10 points, name this last prince of an independent Wales.
Answer: Llewelyn ap Gruffyd [or Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf; or Llywelyn III of Gwynedd; or Llywelyn II of Wales]
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This man wrote a collection of thirty-two pieces that each begin with a "stroke" from a Japanese temple instrument.The 17-piece collection For Times to Come accompanies a set of fifteen works, one of which requests the performers to fast in silence for four days. In addition to From the Seven Days, this composer wrote a piece based on the Book of Daniel called Song of the Youths, as well as Crossplay, a work scored for oboe, bass clarinet, piano, and three percussionists that was inspired by Messiaen.Michael, Eve, and Lucifer are the central characters in an opera cycle, parts of which are performed as some of his Klavierstucke and whose individual works are named for days of the week. A proponent of "formula composition" and "punctual" music, for 10 points, name this German composer of Helicopter String Quartet and Kontra-Punkte, whose opera cycle Licht is an example of his electronic music.
Answer: Karlheinz Stockhausen
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This text claims that a bodhisattva ``has not been made to tremble'' because he ``dwells without thought coverings'' and that ``there is no cognition, no attainment and no non-attainment.'' The longer version used by Tibetans opens with the Lord Buddha at Vulture Peak Mountain in Rajagriha with a gathering of sangha, and that version asks how a child of a noble family is supposed to train. It mentions ``no eye element up to no mind element and no mind consciousness element'' among a litany of concepts declared to be empty, and the primary figure of this text realizes the emptiness of the five skandhas and earlier claims that ``Form is emptiness; emptiness is form.'' It contains the mantra ``om gate gate paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha'' and this work is largely addressed to Shariputra. It features Avalokitesvara instead of Subhuti, unlike most works of the Perfection of Wisdom genre. For 10 points, name this text which, along with the Diamond sutra, is among the most important sutras in Mahayana Buddhism.
Answer: The Heart of Perfect Wisdom Sutra [or The Essence of Wisdom Sutra]
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One group in the universe of this game, the Tolgath, rang the Apocalypse Chime, which was later recovered in Ulgrotha by the vampire Baron Sengir. A magical ship in the continuity of this game was invented at the Tolarian Academy and transported the Bones of Ramos. That vehicle, the Skyship Weatherlight, was designed by Urza, whose wars with Yawgmoth and Mishra scarred the plains of Dominaria. Recently expanded with the Shadowmoor and Shards of Alara sets, this game has a "Power Nine" that includes the Ancestrall Recall and Timetwister. Common strategies in it depend on using the Counterspell or the Circle of Protection. For 10 points, name this Richard Garfield-designed card game, the flagship product of Wizards of the Coast, which involves tapping lands for white, green, red, blue, or black mana.
Answer: Magic: The Gathering [or MTG]
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He is the namesake of the criterion that ions in a plasma must enter the Debye sheath at or above the sound speed.He expanded on de Broglie's pilot-wave theory to give a namesake theory that avoids the measurement problem. Plasma microinstabilities produce a scaling of one over the magnetic field strength in his eponymous anomalously rapid plasma diffusion process. With one of his students, he predicted a geometric phase observed in double-slit experiments due to the influence of the vector potential, even in regions with zero magnetic field. For 10 points, identify this proponent of a non-local hidden variables interpretation of quantum mechanics, the namesake of an effect with Aharonov.
Answer: David Joseph Bohm
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In this battle, Zachariah Deas forced the retreat of General William Carlin from La Fayatte Road, before an attack on Lytle Hill caused confusion among opposing generals. The victorious general here had kept command despite the agitations of Leonidas Polk and William Hardy, while another of that general's critics began the fighting at this battle. That man was John C. Breckinridge, who attacked Glass's Mill. The right side of the Union line was demolished by reinforcements under Longstreet, but another man held position on the left side at Snodgrass Hill earning the nickname the ``Rock of'' this battle, George Henry Thomas. It saw the defeat of the Army of the Cumberland under William Rosecrans. For 10 points, identify this Civil War Battle on the Tennessee-Georgia border, a victory for Braxton Bragg.
Answer: Battle of Chickamauga
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One of his works depicts a Cross of the Order of St. Michael and a small plaster statue of Pigalle scattered among objects on a table. That piece, Attributes of the Arts, was painted a few years before this artist's failing vision caused him to turn primarily to working in pastels. Though he had no students of his own, his influence on subsequent painters, such as Lucian Freud, who made multiple copies of his The Schoolmistress, may be attributed to his use of short parallel strokes that built up layers of pigment.His earliest success, depicting a bristling cat next to a gutted fish, The Ray, was followed by notable half length portraits of children including Girl with a Shuttlecock and a picture depicting Monsieur Lenoir's Son Building a House of Cards. For 10 points, identify this French artist renowned for his still lifes and genre works, including 1734's Young Man Blowing Bubbles.
Answer: Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin
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A 1961 article on ``The Economics of'' this concept links its absence to price dispersion, and the same author created the concept of "search unemployment" in an article about this "in the labor market." An introduction to its namesake branch of economics can be found in a collection of Wicksell lectures titled Wither Socialism?It is assumed to be fully accounted for in security prices in the Efficient Markets Hypothesis. An essay that describes ``Hiring as Investment under Uncertainty'' uses college education as an example of its acquisition through applicant signaling. Its lack can lead to bounded rationality and to adverse selection. For 10 points, imbalances in what commodity are discussed in Akerlof's ``The Market for Lemons,'' which describes a situation in which it is asymmetric?
Answer: information
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Guy de Maillesec was elected to preside over the opening of this event.It was the first church council to actively solicit the participation of academic theologians, with Peter d'Ailly in attendance and John Gearson writing commentaries on it.The cause of Petros Philargi was argued for by Baldasarre Cossa, the future antipope John XXIII. Philargi was elected and took the name Alexander V, but the results were ignored since Urban VI and Clement VII both refused to recognize this council. Setting the stage for the Council of Constance, for 10 points, identify this 1409 ecumenical council that resulted in three Popes and failed to resolve the Great Schism, named for an Italian city.
Answer: Council of Pisa
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In Grand Unified models, these particles catalyze proton decay in the Callan-Rubakov effect. One variety of them emerges and disappears in a tunneling event between two Gribov vacua, and in a 3-dimensional gauge theory with a Higgs field, one variety of them takes the role of an instanton. Besides the Wu-Yang and t'Hooft-Polyakov varieties, a dyon with no electrical charge is one of them. A curve from one of these to infinity is known as the Dirac string, while the Dirac one is a topological defect in compact U(1) gauge theories. Their existence would change the right hand side of Gauss's law and explain the quantization of electric charge. For 10 points, name these hypothetical particles which would be units of magnetic charge.
Answer: Magnetic monopoles
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Northwest of this city lies a wilderness preserve called ``Friends of Friedrich,'' while other vestiges of the German influence remain in the nearby northwestern town of New Braunfels. The King William and China Grove suburbs lie south of this city, while Cattlemen Square is found at Frio and Martin Street near its downtown. Found in Bexar County, it is the southern terminus of the cattle route that connected it to Abilene, Kansas, the Chisholm trail. One major landmark in this city connects tourist traps like the La Villita neighborhood and HemisFair Park to its other major attraction, which is composed of the Convento building and an adjacent church, the site of an 1836 battle against Santa Anna's forces. For 10 points, identify this city home to the River Walk, a large Texan city better known for the Alamo.
Answer: San Antonio
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This group was defeated by an army of Buddhist monks, part of the "byeolmuban" organized by Yoon Gwan.Yishiha was sent as an envoy to this group and established the Yongning temple, and a later member of this group issued the Seven Grievances and adopted the Eight Banners system. They gained lands north of the Huai River with the signing of the Treaty of Shaoxing. They defeated the Liao dynasty of the Khitans and later took over Kaifeng, the Northern Song Dynasty capital. One of their leaders, Wanyan Aguda, founded the Jin Dynasty in 1115. For 10 points, name this group that was united by Nurhaci and renamed by Hong Taiji as the Manchus.
Answer: Jurchens [prompt on Manchus before it is read]
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The extended subtitle on this novel's title page describes the author's plans to move to a new village and leads into a quote by Yuri Gagarin that states ``the world is blue.'' One woman in this novel is described as ``an Ash Wednesday'' and ``born to be a stepmother,'' and is heard thanking the saints for killing her cheating son-in-law. One of the title characters is a bassoon player who gives speeches against pharmaceutical corporations. The other has a cassava tied to his skirt while he is dressed as a woman and dancing a samba which kills him during Carnival. A year after one man's death in this novel, that man begins to materialize on the bed, repeatedly seducing his widow in Bahia. Vadinho and Teodoro Madureira comprise the men mentioned in the title of, for 10 points, what novel by Jorge Amado?
Answer: Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands [or Dona Flor e seus dois maridos]
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This man failed to kill his enemy's bastard son Halesus, and his own children included Aletes and Erigone. After being sheltered for a time at the court of King Cylarabes, he chose to ignore a warning from Hermes and instead pursued an opportunity that resulted from Nauplius's quest for revenge. His father was also his grandfather, having raped his daughter Pelopia to produce this man.One story of his death states that he was fooled by an urn supposedly containing his killer's ashes presented to him by Pylades. He had earlier killed the twin sons of Cassandra and stabbed his enemy twice after his co-conspirator threw a net over that enemy. His adulterous co-conspirator then took an axe and beheaded this man's enemy in a bathtub. For 10 points, name this son of Thyestes who slew Atreus and convinced Clytemnestra to kill Agamemnon.
Answer: Aegisthus
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One character in this work is forced to sing Caffariello's song Venus Descendeth. The French version of this opera contains the aria "Pour une femme de mon nom," in which one character decries the manners of the French.The central character bids farewell to her friends with the aria "Il faut partir" and is next seen residing with the Marquise of Berkenfeld and resisting marriage to the Duke of Krakenthorp.Another character impresses his comrades, including Sulplice, with a string of high C's in the aria "Ah, mes amis, quel jour de fete," explaining that he has joined them because of his love for the title character. That title character sings "Chacun le sait" and the Rataplan chorus, and loves the Tyrolean peasant Tonio. For 10 points, name this Donizetti opera whose title character Marie was found as a baby by a group of soldiers.
Answer: The Daughter of the Regiment or La Figlia del Reggimento or La Fille du Regiment
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This author claimed, ``it is bitter earnestness / That makes beauty,'' in a poem in which ``a throbbing of engines'' presages the appearance of the title group. In addition to ``Boats in a Fog,'' he wrote the poem ``Granite and Cypress,'' in which some saplings writhe in the wake of ``the invisible falcon.''He presented the Agamemnon story in dialogue form in The Tower Beyond Tragedy, and retold the Phaedra story in a long tragic narrative. He also described the part-Native American woman California watching her husband Johnny die before shooting the title stallion in another long tragic narrative. For 10 points, name this poet of Cawdor and Roan Stallion who lived at Tor House and Hawk Tower in Carmel, California, the author of The Women at Point Sur.
Answer: John Robinson Jeffers
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This process requires Polo-like kinases and the formation of a complex including the proteins Incenp, survivin, and Aurora B. In Arabidopsis, this process requires the syntaxin-related protein KNOLLE. During this process, E-C-T-two in conjunction with RhoA activates non-muscle myosin II and targets anillin, cofilin, and other actin-binding proteins, which have been localized to an area partially determined by astral microtubules. This process occurs via phragmoplast formation and Golgi body vesicle fusion in plants, creating the cell plate. In animal cells, it involves the formation of a contractile ring. In both cases, it requires the formation of a cleavage furrow. For 10 points, name this process of dividing a cell's cytoplasm to form two daughter cells.
Answer: cytokinesis
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One character in this work describes an infant on a chariot whose "two eyes are heavens/ Of liquid darkness'' and who holds ``a quivering moon beam'' in hand before her sister talks of a sphere of music and light. This work's second act ends when ``The pale stars are gone! / For the sun...hastes, in meteor eclipsing array'' is claimed by The Voice of Unseen Spirits. That ``Familiar acts are beautiful through love'' and that ``Soul meets soul on lovers' lips'' are mentioned during a dialogue between the Earth and Moon, which is interrupted by Panthea and Ione. The title character says "Thy words are like a cloud of winged snakes;/ And yet I pity those they torture not'' to a lone fury, and the Spirit of the Hour proclaims the title character's freedom after Heracles frees him from his chains. This play ends with the declaration ``This is alone Life, Joy, Empire, and Victory'' by Demogorgon, who proclaims his superiority over Jupiter. This work opens with the title character speaking of his love for Asia and bemoaning his torture by the hawks of Jupiter. For 10 points, name this closet drama by Percy Bysshe Shelley, a sequel to a work by Aeschylus.
Answer: Prometheus Unbound
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One character with this first name allows her sister Dee to take her grandmother's patchwork quilts in the story "Everyday Use" by Alice Walker.It's the first name of the titular teenage love interest of Jack Duluoz in a Jack Kerouac novel and of a woman in another novel who is introduced by Fanny Assingham to her future husband, whom she later discovers has had an affair with Charlotte Stant.It is the first name of a character who is loved by the hunchback Philip Wakem and the handsome Stephen Guest, and who dies in a flood with her brother Tom. This is also the first name of a character who is dumped in favor of Nellie by the bartender Pete. For 10 points, give this first name shared by Adam Verver's daughter in Henry James' The Golden Bowl, Miss Tulliver in George Eliot's The Mill on the Floss, and Stephen Crane's titular Girl of the Streets.
Answer: Maggie
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One ruler of this city, known as the Wise, fought Louis IV of Bavaria and was named Robert. The last duke of this city died at the Battle of Rignano while fighting against Ranulf II alongside Roger II. That man, Sergius VII, was a member of the Sergi dynasty. Louis the Great attacked this city in revenge for his brother Andrew, who had been married to Joan I of this place. After a victory at Ponte della Maddalena, Cardinal Fabrizio Ruffo organized the Sanfedisti to overthrow the Parthenopean Republic in this city. Spain took control of this city after the battle of Garigliano, and Jan Hus opposed Baldassare Cossa's attempts to organize a crusade against a ruler of this city who controlled Innocent VII, Ladislaus. Henry II of Lorraine was opposed in a revolt by the fisherman Masaniello in this city. The Battle of Tolentino signaled the restoration of Ferdinand IV to power here. For 10 points, identify this Campanian city, once ruled by Joachim Murat.
Answer: Naples or Napoli
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This work's title character claims to be old enough to be the father of all present and references his time as a confidant of Pericles, whose son Paralus is a character. This work is referenced in the Nicomachean Ethics for its discussion of the weakness of the will, while, in Utilitarianism, Mill argues that Socrates presents a utilitarian argument in this dialogue. Socrates appeals to Prodicus to resolve an apparent contradiction about ``being versus becoming good,'' which the title character introduces by quoting a poem attacking Pittacus by Simonides. It opens by discussing Alcibiades' beard and this dialog's title character is considered the first to call himself a sophist. Questioning whether virtue may be taught, for 10 points, identify this dialogue named for the man that claimed ``Man is the Measure of All Things.''
Answer: The Protagoras
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The cooperative pseudo- form of this phenomenon has been linked to the vibronic theory of ferroelectricity. A version of this phenomenon arising from mixing of two or more interacting states was studied by Opik and Pryce. The Ham factor is used to simplify calculations of electronic and vibronic properties affected by this phenomenon. It is frequently observed in complexes where the e-sub-g orbitals contain an odd number of electrons, as in compounds of copper(II). For 10 points, name this effect in which nonlinear systems in a degenerate electronic state distort to remove the degeneracy, which can result in the distortion of a coordination compound with octahedral symmetry to tetragonal geometry.
Answer: Jahn-Teller effect or distortion
 
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Chicago A
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The librarian Julien Sariette assists in the titular event, but is driven mad when his books are thrown out of order. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Zita and Prince Istar join Arcade's movement against Ialdabaoth.
Answer: The Revolt of the Angels [or La Revolte des Anges]
[10] The Revolt of the Angels is a work of this author, also known for Penguin Island and The Gods are Athirst.
Answer: Anatole France
[10] The title character of this Anatole France work obsesses about a book called the Golden Legend owned by Pozzi while his titular action is helping his ward Jeanne escape.
Answer: The Crime of Sylvestre Bonnard [or Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard]
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This man was a son of Secundinus, but his best-named relative was Rusumbladeotus the Isaurian. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this man who was declared emperor by rioting masses in 532 and was aided in that rebellion by his brother Pompeius.
Answer: Hypatius
[10] Hypatius was swept to power during these riots by fans of chariot racing. Justinian ended these riots and had Pompeius and Hypatius killed.
Answer: Nika riots
[10] Earlier, Hypatius tried to put down this 514 anti-Monophysite rebellion, though he bungled everything, got captured, and had to be ransomed.
Answer: Vitalian Rebellion
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Identify the following about some second-highest mountains in ranges, for 10 points each.,
[10] The second-highest peak in the Himalayas, it is also the second-highest in the world. Its most familiar name comes from a survey notation.
Answer: K2 [or Savage Mountain; or Chogori]
[10] The title of second-highest in the Andes is a close race between Mount Pissis and this mountain on the Argentina-Chile border. It is also considered the highest volcano in the world.
Answer: Nevado Ojos del Salado
[10] Now named for a philosopher, and once called Lenin Peak, this was considered the highest peak of the Soviet section of the Pamirs until measurement of Mount Communism.
Answer: Avicenna Peak [or Ibn Sina Peak]
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This technique allows for the identification of protons and the carbon atoms to which they are attached. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this two-dimensional inverse detection experiment that gives similar information as COSY and allows both proton and carbon magnetizations to evolve during the course of the experiment, unlike a related "single" technique.
Answer: HMQC [or heteronuclear multiple quantum coherence]
[10] HMQC is one example of this experimental technique in which chemical shifts and coupling constants are measured to aid in structural determination. One-dimensional examples include proton and carbon-13.
Answer: NMR [or nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy]
[10] This effect, the transfer of spin polarization from a saturated nucleus to an observed nucleus by cross-relaxation, allows one to enhance weak CNMR signals and derive a spatial structure for the molecule undergoing NMR.
Answer: nuclear Overhauser effect [or NOE]
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Answer the following about huts in literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Buddhist monk wrote the Hojoki about his move into a ten-foot-square hut and his reflections after surviving natural disasters and civil war between the Taira and Minamoto clans in Kyoto.He also wrote Mumyosho, or The Nameless Treatise.
Answer: Kamo no Chomei or Nagaakira
[10] This man was inspired by Kamo no Chomei's Hojoki to write The Hut of the Phantom Dwelling.He also wrote The Narrow Road to the Deep North about traveling to the northeast part of Honshu.
Answer: Matsuo Basho [or Matsuo Munefusa]
[10] Teit's hut is burned by Olav, the titular Master of Hestviken, in a work by this author.
Answer: Sigrid Undset
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Answer some questions about anti-Mormon actions in American history, for 10 points each.,
[10] During Buchanan's presidency, this man led forces against armed Mormons in Utah Territory.This general bled to death fighting against Grant at the Battle of Shiloh.
Answer: Albert Sidney Johnston [prompt on Johnston]
[10] This man authored an 1862 Anti-Bigamy Act, which obviously targeted the Mormons. He also sponsored a tariff that raised average tariff rates to thirty-eight percent, inciting Robert Toombs to advocate secession in Georgia.
Answer: Justin Morrill
[10] In this 1878 case, the Supreme Court ruled that bigamy as a Mormon religious duty was not protected under the First Amendment.
Answer: Reynolds v. United States [or United States v. Reynolds]
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Answer the following about non-Spanish composers of Spanish-style music, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Frenchman wrote the opera The King of Ys, a cello concerto in D minor, and a showpiece for the violinist Pablo de Sarasate, Symphonie Espagnole.
Answer: Edouard Lalo
[10] This composer was inspired by his trips to Spain to write his Jota Aragonesa and Summer Night in Madrid.He is better known for A Life for the Tsar and Ruslan and Lyudmila.
Answer: Mikhail Glinka
[10] This Italian moved to Spain in 1733. Remembered chiefly for his harpsichord compositions and keyboard sonatas, his Essercizi reflected the influence of Iberian folks music.
Answer: Domenico Scarlatti
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Answer the following about attempts to manage the financial crisis, for 10 points each.,
[10] This program allows the Treasury Department to insure and acquire problematic, non-liquid loans and mortgages from banks hoping to clear their balance sheet.
Answer: TARP [or Troubled Assets Relief Program]
[10] Amendments to TARP designed to avoid paying for CEO bonuses were sponsored by this Senator, who pursued a 2008 presidential nomination.
Answer: Christopher Dodd
[10] Responsibility for handling much of the Republican response to TARP and its amendments has fallen on this House Minority Whip.
Answer: Eric Cantor
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Their class U variety, found in cobB, regulates acetyl-CoA synthase, and some of these proteins function as ADP-ribosyl transferases while others function as deacetylases. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these proteins, the most famous of which was discovered in yeast.
Answer: sirtuins [or silent information regulator 2 proteins; or Sir2; or Class III HDACs; or Class III histone deacetylases; prompt on histone deacetylases]
[10] The only class II sirtuin regulates secretion of this hormone, secreted from the beta cells of the Islets of Langerhans.
Answer: insulin
[10] Unlike Class I and II histone deacetylases, which use zinc as a cofactor, many sirtuins use this molecule as a cofactor. It is also reduced in three different Krebs cycle reactions, as well as in the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA.
Answer: NAD+ [or nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide; do not accept ``NADH'']
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The section on the Reflective type of one of the titular concepts is divided into Universal, Pragmatical, and Critical. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Hegel work that claims Thucydides and Herodotus were ``original'' practitioners, while it's the characters of their age that make Caesar and Napoleon heroes.
Answer: Lectures on the Philosophy of History
[10] This other thinker wrote This Too a Philosophy of History and Ideas for the Philosophy of History of Humanity. He also wrote Treatise on the Origin of Language advancing an early form of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Answer: Johann Gottfried von Herder
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This man's theorem makes use of contractions of pairs of fields to convert Dyson's expansion for the S matrix into a sum of normal-ordered terms. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this physicist whose eponymous rotation is a trick for calculating path integrals in Minkowski space by assuming that the energy or time is purely imaginary, solving an associated problem in Euclidean space, and then rotating back.
Answer:
[10] The terms in Wick's expansion for the S matrix can be identified with these graphical aids to calculations in quantum field theory.They display particle interactions, and by convention they represent fermions using straight lines and bosons using wavy lines.
Answer: Francis Herbert Bradley Gian-Carlo Wick
[10] The subset of Feynman diagrams known as penguin diagrams are important in understanding this phenomenon first observed in kaon decays by Cronin and Fitch.It explains the matter-antimatter imbalance.
Answer: Feynman diagrams
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As interior minister, he laid out a fifteen-point program and was forced to participate in the show trial of Laszlo Rajk. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Hungarian, succeeded by Karoly Grosz in 1988 in his position as General Secretary of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, who had been installed by the Soviet Union after the 1956 revolution.
Answer: Janos Kadar
[10] Janos Kadar succeeded this former locksmith, who was Minister of Agriculture under Bela Miklos de Dalno and attempted to withdraw Hungary from the Warsaw pact.
Answer: Imre Nagy
[10] Kadar was accused of spying for Miklos Horthy by this leader of the "quadrumvirate," who was known as "the bald murderer" for his Stalinist rule of Hungary from 1945 until the rise of Nagy in 1956.
Answer: Matyas Rakosi
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Much like in real life, in mythology sleeping with your own sister is usually a bad idea.For 10 points each:,
[10] Tezcatlipoca got this god so drunk that he slept with a celibate priestess or his own sister. When he saw what he had done, this Plumed Serpent fled across the ocean or immolated himself.
Answer: Quetzalcoatl
[10] This badass killed a wolf while tied up by biting its tongue out, then got it on with his sister Signy, producing Sinfjotli. He and Sinfjotli spent some time as werewolves, then killed Siggeir, avenging the death of this man's father Volsung.
Answer: Sigmund
[10] This jerk turned a herd of cows into wolves and bears to murder Ilmarinen's wife and unknowingly seduced his long-lost sister, leading her to commit suicide. He also used the sword of Ukko to kill his uncle Untamo, then threw himself on the blade.
Answer: Kullervo
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It features a mute boy named Simon who washes up on a beach and is adopted by Joe Gillayley prior to the start of the novel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel which also features a semi-autobiographical artist who wears a lot of rings and lives in a "Tower" that she built herself.
Answer: The Bone People
[10] The Bone People is a novel by this author whose other works include the poetry collection The Silences Between (Moeraki Conversations) and the paired novels-in-progress Bait and On the Shadow Side.
Answer: Keri Hulme
[10] The Bone People is set in this country, in which Samuel Butler wrote Erewhon after moving there from England.It is also the setting for the stories ``The Prelude'' and ``The Garden Party'' by Katherine Mansfield.
Answer: New Zealand
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The title concepts of this work include `True Poverty and Absolute Nothingness' as well as those of `Wonderment' and `Contentment'. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work, written in response to the Sufi judge Shaykh Muhyi'd-Din, with an introduction speaking of the age called Kull-i-Shay.
Answer: The Seven Valleys
[10] The Seven Valleys, as well as The Four Valleys, are works of this man, who made a declaration of his status as a messenger of God in the Garden of Rivdan in Baghdad and founded a namesake religion.
Answer: Baha'u'llah or Mirza Husayn-`Ali Nuri
[10] Baha'u'llah wrote this work in response to Siyyid Yusuf-i-Sidihi Isfahani, who posed a question about the Mahdi transforming into the Bab.
Answer: Gems of Divine Mysteries or Javahiru'l-Asrar
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This Italian developed the 80/20 rule. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who wrote about the "circulation of elites" in Mind and Society. He also described a namesake type of economic efficiency.
Answer: Vilfredo Federico Damaso Pareto
[10] To contrast with the idea of "utility," which is a function of a specific commodity, Pareto introduced this term for an individual's total utility based on all of his commodities.
Answer: ophelimity
[10] This man attempted to replace both "utility" and "ophelimity" with the concept of "wantability," measured in units of "wantabs." The creator of the "compensated dollar," this American economist explained "time preference" in The Theory of Interest and formulated a namesake equation that relates nominal and real rates of interest.
Answer: Irving Fisher
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He lends his name to a set of axioms for probability theory and to topological spaces satisfying the T0 separability axiom. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Russian scientist whose model of turbulence has an energy spectrum proportional to the minus five-thirds power of the wavenumber in the inertial range and who names the basic axioms of probability.
Answer: Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov
[10] Kolmogorov and this student name a simple nonparametric test for equality of PDFs based on the greatest distance between CDFs. A theorem characterizing metrizable spaces is named for Nagata and another Russian mathematician with the same last name.
Answer: Nikolai Vasilyevich Smirnov
[10] An alternative to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test is named for von Mises and this man, who found with Rao a lower bound on estimator variance in terms of the inverse Fisher information. A man with almost the same last name has a rule for solving linear systems with determinants of associated matrices.
Answer: Harald Cramer
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The French ambassador Jean Daville writes an epic about Alexander the Great in one novel by this man. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of The Vizier's Elephant and The Devil's Yard, who described Fata jumping to her death in another novel.
Answer: Ivo Andric
[10] While Ivo Andric is Bosnian, A Tomb for Boris Davidovich is a work of this Serbian author of The Encyclopedia of the Dead and Hourglass.
Answer: Danilo Kis
[10] In Kis' Homo Poeticus, he praises and criticizes the "static beauty" of the novels of this author of The Real Life of Sebastian Knight and Ada, or Ardor.
Answer: Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov
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It was satirized in James Gillray's cartoon Charon's Boat. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this government formed by William Wyndham Grenville, which was succeeded by the second Portland government and which was responsible for abolishing the slave trade.
Answer: Ministry of all the Talents
[10] The Ministry of all the Talents had formed after the 1806 death of this man, who dealt with the Nootka crisis during his first ministry and was in power during the French Revolution.
Answer: William Pitt the Younger [prompt on William Pitt]
[10] Pitt's followers, led by this man, refused to join the Ministry of all the Talents. He dueled Castlereagh in 1809 and succeeded Lord Liverpool in 1827.
Answer: George Canning
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His designs include two housing complexes in Rokko and the Church of the Light in Osaka, for 10 points each.,
[10] Name this Japanese architect of the Azuma House.
Answer: Tadao Ando
[10] Ando's design for a Maritime Museum in Abu Dhabi will be found on the "Island of Happiness" with a Jean Nouvel-designed branch of this museum. The original museum is housed in a building that has been worked on by Le Vau, Perrault, and I.M. Pei.
Answer: Louvre Museum or Musee du Louvre
[10] Ando is also responsible for designing the Museum of Modern Art in this Southwestern U.S. city. That museum opened in 2002 and is located next to the Kimbell Art Museum designed by Louis Kahn.
Answer: Fort Worth, Texas
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It refers to a group of alleles from different loci that are transmitted together. For 10 points each:,
[10] Give this term for genetic information whose location and identity in the human genome is being mapped by an international consortium in a namesake project.
Answer: haplotype
[10] The International HapMap project aims to catalog instances of these phenomena that occur in over one percent of the human population. This abbreviation describes DNA sequence differences at one specific site.
Answer: SNPs or single nucleotide polymorphisms
[10] Data from the HapMap project allows for the calculation of the extent that two alleles from two different loci exhibit this non-random association. A commonly used measure of it is Lewontin's D'.
Answer: linkage disequilibrium
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Title characters of this man's novels include the leader of an Australian fascist military group known as the Diggers' Club.For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Kangaroo.
Answer: David Herbert Lawrence
[10] This D. H. Lawrence novel sees Ursula Brangwen reject her Polish lover Anton Skrebensky shortly before seeing the title symbol in the sky.Its sequel is Women in Love.
Answer: The Rainbow
[10] Elizabeth Bates associates the title sensation with her wedding, the births of her children, and the first time her husband came home drunk in this Lawrence story about the funeral of Walter.
Answer: "The Odour of Chrysanthemums"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Treaty of Vienna tied it to Sardinia, while its sovereignty and claims to Roquebrune were settled in 1861. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this country that had its 1934 civil suit against the state of Mississippi rejected by the Supreme Court, a country currently ruled by Albert II.
Answer: Monaco
[10] Albert II is a member of this royal house that has, despite a few interruptions, ruled Monaco for over 600 years.
Answer: Grimaldi
[10] Much of the history of Monaco has revolved around France trying to weasel out of this treaty that guaranteed sovereignty for Monaco. Honore II signed it in 1648 and had it reinforced after the Treaty of the Pyrenees.
Answer: Treaty of Peronne

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