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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Brown
Average difficulty: 5Average quality: 5Category: Science
In pattern theory, an object of this name is characterized by having attributes and bonds. In coding theory, the Golay code is an example of this kind of matrix, while an integer lacking a digit addition variety of one of these objects is called a self number. In a Banach space, an infinitesimal one is defined as the limit of a linear operator T of s minus the identity divided by s as s goes to zero. A Lie algebra defines the commutation relations obeyed by representations of these objects, and finite-dimensional Hermitian matrices can be used to represent those of a compact Lie group. In quantum mechanics, the angular momentum operator has this relation to rotations, and a group is called cyclic if some element in it has this relation to the group. For 10 points, identify this term which in group theory identifies an element whose products with itself give every element in the group.
Answer: generator [accept word forms, e.g. "generates," etc.]
Average difficulty: 3Average quality: 4Category: History
In Boston, a jeweled sword was presented to the commanding officer of the U.S. Exploring Expedition for services in this event, in which that man was congratulated for ``twisting the lion's tail.'' The search of the Powhatan took place before this event, which also involved Eustis and Macfarland and occurred as Richard Williams's men were headed for Saint Thomas. In the wake of this incident, Lord Lyons was appeased thanks to the decision of William Seward, who defended the actions of Captain Charles Wilkes on the San Jacinto, yet released the prisoners in question. For 10 points, name this 1861 diplomatic crisis sparked by the capture of James Mason and John Slidell, two Confederate envoys, from the namesake British ship.
Answer: Trent Affair [accept Mason and Slidell Affair before they are mentioned]
Average difficulty: 2Average quality: 4Category: Mythology
In one story, this figure was accompanied by Maera, the daughter of Proteus. This figure killed Chione after she boasted of sleeping with another deity, and helped to foil Alpheus' lust-filled plans by turning Arethusa into a fountain. As a child this figure removed a patch of hair from the chest of a Cyclopes, and in another story was attended by a group of twenty ocean nymphs. In addition to defeating Gration in battle, this figure once turned into an animal and ran between the Aloadae giants in order to trick them into killing each other. Often identified with the Minoan deity Britomartis, it was one of this figure's followers who gave birth to Arcas and was subsequently turned into a bear. In order to protect her family's name, she also slew Coronis, as well as the twelve offspring of Amphion after his wife, Niobe, insulted her mother. For 10 points, identify this figure who transformed Actaeon into a deer, the daughter of Leto and the twin sister of Apollo.
Answer: Artemis
Average difficulty: 6Average quality: 5Category: Social Science
This psychologist's students include the author of The Neuropsychology of Anxiety, Jeffrey Alan Gray, and he collaborated with Nias on Sex, Violence, and the Media. This psychologist created a "Twin Register" of the names of identical twins to help psychologists researching inherited traits. The Big-five model was developed as an alternative to one of this psychologist's theories, which originally sorted people into choleric, melancholic, sanguine, and phlegmatic types. He argued that psychoanalysis was unscientific and produced no positive effects in books like Decline and Fall of the Freudian Empire and his essay "The effects of psychotherapy." Heavily criticized for his views on the relationship between genetics and intelligence, for 10 points, name this psychologist who created a three-factor model of human personality based on the axes of neuroticism, extroversion, and psychoticism.
Answer: Hans Jurgen Eysenck
Average difficulty: 5Average quality: 3Category: History
One character in this book continuously repeats "Nobody loves me. I need to be loved." At one point in this novel, the protagonist thinks of Cleopatra while making love. The protagonist is frightened when, during his travels, someone shoots a dog twice and the police round up a group of protesters, and in another town he encounters an Australian and a Welsh painter as well as the writer James Argyle. The protagonist later starts an affair with a woman whose husband is only identified as an army colonel, Nan. An earlier affair with the artist Josephine leads the protagonist to leave his wife and his job with the miners' union. Rowland Lilly advises the protagonist to travel to Italy rather than continue his career at the London Opera. For 10 points, name this novel which ends with the destruction of the title flute, by D.H. Lawrence.
Answer: Aaron's Rod
Average difficulty: 6Average quality: 5Category: None
The balloon-borne CMB experiment TopHat uses ferric ammonium alum in its implementation of this technique, which was first developed fully by William Giauque. In 1997, gadolinium alloys were used to discover a giant version of the effect which makes this technique possible, and in 2000, that same effect was discovered in Heusler alloys. The most common cycles utilized in this technique are the AMR, Ericsson, and Stirling cycles, and the effectiveness of this technique is limited by Nernst's Equation. Devices employing this technique typically utilize a salt pill with a high magnetic moment and the theory of this technique is derived by adding a B-dM term to the thermodynamic relation. For 10 points, identify this technique in which a change of the B-field at constant entropy results in a cooling.
Answer: adiabatic demagnetization [or magnetocaloric effect]
Average difficulty: 5Average quality: 6Category: Literature
Rachel DuPlessis argues that the rhythm of this poem subverts its own intellectual claim, even though the poet regarded the third section as hopeful. One group of people described in this poem have "bells on their ankles" and "pearls in their hair," while another part is intended to be read with "slow philosophic calm." The first part of this work relates how demons cut off the hands of a certain emperor's ghost in hell, and another section tells of a dance by "cake-walk princes." This work was inspired by the story of Ray Eldred as related by the author's pastor F.W. Burnham, and the speaker of this work sees the subject "cutting through... with a golden track." Parts of this poem were intended to be sung to the melody of "Hark, ten thousand harps and voices," and this poem ends with a drawn-out whisper of "Mumbo-Jumbo will hoo-doo you." Imitating chant with lines like "Boomlay, boomlay, BOOM," for 10 points, name this 'Study of the Negro Race' depicting the title river, a poem by Vachel Lindsay.
Answer: "The Congo"
Average difficulty: 4Average quality: 5Category: Music
During rehearsals for this work, Anton Raaf attempted to remove the quartet "Andro romingo e solo." The central character laments that a storm stronger than the one outside is raging in his soul in "Fuor del mar," and in a royal garden the female lead, a recent expatriate, sings "Zeffiretti lusinghieri." Arbace urges his master to calm the populace, though he earlier announced that his master had died, and the announcement of an offstage voice causes everyone to rejoice except Elettra. One character delcares his love for Ilia in "Non ho colpa", and that character later slays a sea monster to save his country, but the title character is informed that he must sacrifice Idamante in order to appease Neptune. For 10 points, name this Mozart opera about a Cretan king.
Answer: Idomeneo, re di Creta
Average difficulty: 2Average quality: 5Category: None
A knee injury derailed this athlete's attempts to play in the 1986 FIBA gold medal match and sidelined him for his next season with the Arizona Wildcats, although he helped the 1988 squad reach the Final Four. Later traded along with Erick Barkley to the Portland Trail Blazers, he ultimately returned to the team that traded Chuck Person for him, and, despite previously playing only thirteen playoff minutes, he hit four three-pointers in thirteen minutes in Game 6 of the Conference Finals to eliminate the Mavericks en route to winning his final NBA championship in 2003. This athlete also made the game-winning shot in the last game of the 1997 Finals via a pass from a John Stockton-guarded Michael Jordan. His recent work includes slowing down Steve Nash by acquiring Shaquille O'Neal. For 10 points, name this most accurate three-point shooter in NBA history and current general manager of the Phoenix Suns.
Answer: Steve Kerr
Average difficulty: 5Average quality: 6Category: History
The specific conflict which was ended by this treaty erupted following the violation of the Peace of Vaucelles three years before this treaty's signing, which occasioned a celebratory ode by Pierre de Ronsard. Emmanuel Philibert was able to recover most of his Savoyard possessions through a clause in this treaty, and one party to this agreement yielded control of Corsica to Genoa. Prior to signing this treaty, one monarch who was party to it sent a memorandum to his sister Joanna claiming that his presence in Flanders was necessary to prevent a possible invasion of England. The French position in negotiating this treaty was weakened by the signature four years earlier of the Peace of Augsburg, and Ruy Gomez de Silva was named Prince of Eboli for his services in negotiating this treaty, which was signed following Spanish victories at San Quentin, Arras, and Gravelines. For 10 points, identify this treaty signed in 1559 by Henry II of France which ended the Habsburg-Valois War phase of the Italian Wars.
Answer: Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis
Average difficulty: 4Average quality: 6Category: Art
In the distance of this work, a church with a blue steeple stands out against the cloudy sky. The center features a figure escorting his pony or horse towards the forest on the horizon. Groups of trees on either side extend off of the canvas and create a triangular frame for the main scene. In the foreground, one of the figures featured in this painting lies facedown looking towards the background, while three of the title figures extend their arms towards what appears to be smoke. The subject of Aruna D'Souza's study of ``Biography and the Erotics of Paint,'' on the right of the canvas two of the titular figures seem to heading towards the patch of blue in the center. Completed sometime between 1898 and 1906, at the same time its creator was working on his depictions of Mt. Sainte Victoire, it is now located in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. For 10 points, identify this work that features thirteen female nudes luxuriating by a body of water, a work by Cezanne.
Answer: Cezanne's Large Bathers
Average difficulty: 6Average quality: 6Category: Philosophy
C.E.M. Joad argued that this work created an environment conducive to fascism. Its opening section contains a criticism of F.H. Bradley's interpretation of a statement by Wittgenstein and uses the example of a painting believed to be by Goya to illustrate its central problem. Its section on the "A Priori" rejects Mill's idea that the a priori originates from inductive generalizations, and this works's fifth chapter, partly concerned with probability, analyzes a statement about Queen Anne to advance a deflationary theory of one of its title concepts. The final section of this work argues that knowing the state of mind of the Emperor of Manchukuo is unnecessary to predict the weather and therefore dispenses with monism, while its famous sixth section contains an exposition of the emotivist theory of ethics. At the beginning of this work, the author expresses sympathy with the Viennese logical positivists, and it begins with a famous section dedicated to the "Elimination of Metaphysics." Most famous for promoting the principle of verifiability, for 10 points, identify this 1936 work by A.J. Ayer.
Answer: Language, Truth, and Logic
Average difficulty: 6Average quality: 6Category: Science
Rong and Golic used a linearized P-element construct and a heat-sensitive FLP system to adapt this process to Drosophila. A common version of this process uses gancyclovir or G418 as a counter-selection agent since the construct contains the HSV-tk gene, while positive selection is achieved using a neomycin resistance gene. This process usually begins with a transfection in an embryonic stem-cell line with the goal of creating an organism with an altered germline, and the ``hit and run'' strategy can perform replacement as well as this process. Capecchi, Evans, and Smithies won the 2007 Nobel Prize for developing this process, which also can be used to add transgenic constructs into a particular locus. For 10 points, name this process commonly used to remove specific genes using homologous recombination, often used to create a namesake type of mouse.
Answer: Gene knockout [Accept reasonable equivalents; accept homologous recombination or gene targeting; accept gene knockin until ``remove''; do not accept gene trapping; do not accept gene knockdown as that doesn't actually delete the gene]
Average difficulty: 4Average quality: 5Category: History
Peter of Blois claimed that this man's reign was a time of no blessing, and this man waited four years before selecting a successor to Lanfranc. This man sent Edgar Atheling to dethrone Donald Bane. He built a castle in the city of Carlisle, which he captured after forcing King Malcom III to submit to his rule, and he also put down a rebellion by Robert of Mowbray. He pledged to cut taxes in order to stave off an earlier rebellion by Odo of Bayeux and Geoffrey of Contances, which sought to replace this man with his brother Robert Curthose. He confiscated all property belonging to his appointed archbishop St. Anselm, and he was finally killed by Walter Tirel, allowing another brother to take the throne as Henry I. For 10 points, name this second Norman King of England, who shares his name with his father, the Conqueror.
Answer: William II [or William Rufus; prompt on William]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one of this author's short stories, a man scams a group of people out of an orange during a several-day-long traffic jam. He also wrote of a flight attendant who travels from Rome to Tehran and back three times each week and drowns off the remote island of Xiros while dreaming that he is there on vacation. Another of his stories is about a man who habitually visits the botanical garden in Paris until he switches minds with the creature he is observing there. This author of ``The Axlotl'' wrote of Roberto Michel, who photographs a disturbing seduction. In a novel by this author, Osip Gregorovius has an affair with a member of the Serpent Club, to the dismay of Horacio Oliveira. That book starts with a Table of Instructions, which allows readers to proceed from chapter one to fifty-six, or start on chapter seventy-three and skip around the entire book. For 10 points, name this author of ``Blow-Up'' and Hopscotch.
Answer: Julio Cortazar
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Moussa Ali stratovolcano is the highest point of this nation, whose Lake Abhe Bad is fed by the Awash and can be found in the Dikhil district. The only national park of this nation, Day Forest National Park, can be found in this country's largest vegetated area, the Goda Mountains. Those mountains are northwest of its Gulf of Tadjoura, where one can also find Obock. Lake Assal is its lowest point, while Loyada is near its southern border with Somalia, and Eritrea borders it to its north. Bordered to its west mostly by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, for 10 points, name this nation in the Horn of Africa, predominantly bordered by Ethiopia to its west.
Answer: Djibouti
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It argues that belief in the trinity suggests polytheism and that ``a limitless mind cannot proceed from physical limitation." Its preface asserts that the time has come for ``new thoughts.'' It quotes the Song of Solomon in its 18th and final chapter, ``Fruitage,'' which presents a series of testimonials supporting its author's ideas. Its composition was discussed in the author's autobiography Retrospection and Introspection which detailed an intense three year study of the bible while its author was bedridden. This work's second section interprets parts of Revelation and Genesis, provides an explanatory glossary, and is often added to form the full title of this tome. Arguing that the "Truth of God" could be used to not only combat sin, but, also, disease, for 10 points, identify this 1875 work, ``with Key to the Scriptures,'' the textbook of a religion founded by its author, Mary Baker Eddy.
Answer: Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The narrator of one poem in this collection ``minds the house of dust / Where [his] sojourn shall be long,'' while, in another poem, he hears his bones say, ``Another night, another day.'' The narrator notes that Dick ``lies long in the churchyard'' and Ned ``lies long in jail'' when he returns to Ludlow in one part, while another part details the trouble of the wood on Wenlock Edge. The lines ``though the laurel grows / It withers quicker than the rose'' and ``Loveliest of leaves, the cherry now'' can be found in this collection, as can the lines ``Give your crowns and pounds and guineas / But not your heart away." For 10 points, name this poetry collection, which includes ``Terence, this is stupid stuff,'' ``When I was one and twenty,'' and ``To an Athlete Dying Young'' and was written by A. E. Housman.
Answer: ``A Shropshire Lad''
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In later years, this group suffered from a rash of diseases that froze several members to death, and they won one battle by feigning retreat from a series of food reserves, only to attack when the opposing forces attempted to steal it. In addition to that victory against Feng Yi at Hu, this group attempted to control Wei Xiao's land but failed. Liu Xu succeeded in defeating this group after agreeing to not kill the Emperor Penzi. Wang Kuang and Lian Dan were unable to prevent a notable action of this group, and this group was partly led by a figure whose son was falsely executed by the county government, Mother Lu. Pang An, Xu Xuan, and Yang Yin allied themselves with Fan Chong in order to form the other half of this group, which received its name from a tactic used to distinguish its soldiers from those of the Xin dynasty. For 10 points, name this group that succeed in restoring the Han dynasty by killing the usurper Wang Mang.
Answer: Red Eyebrows [or Chimei]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Complexity class BPP problems are solved by these methods in polynomial time. Antithetic variates and control variates are common variance reduction techniques for its estimates, while low-discrepancy sequences are used in their "quasi" form. Lazzarini's choice of stopping time and needle lengths when attempting one named for Buffon gave an excessively accurate estimate of pi in just 3,408 tosses. The Gibbs sampler and the more general Metropolis-Hastings algorithm for calculating high-dimensional integrals, and random walk simulation of binomial options pricing models, are examples that make use of Markov chains. For 10 points, name these methods that can be converted into Las Vegas methods by continuing simulation until a sufficiently correct result is produced, named after a city in Monaco.
Answer: Monte Carlo methods
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Hans von Bulow called this work a "law unto itself," and the composer of this work claimed that he put the piece together from a couple of entr'actes. The recapitulation of the first movement begins with this work's only marking of 3 p's. In the opening of this work, the violins play only in descending thirds and ascending sixths, though the woodwinds imitate those figures as chords, while the piccolo and triangle only play in the allegro giocoso third movement. The aforementioned chains of falling thirds allude to the composer's song "O Death," while the fourth movement of this work is a set of thirty-two variations on the cantata Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich, originally thought to be composed by J.S. Bach. For 10 points, identify this work by the composer of the Academic Festival Overture which followed three others of the same genre.
Answer: Brahms' Fourth Symphony in E minor
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man names a modification of the Pschorr synthesis and the Sandmeier reaction that is used to synthesize biaryls, and with Hoesch this man names a flavonoid synthesis method that uses an iminium ion. With Skita, this chemist names a method of synthesizing pyridines using a malonic ester derivative. A procedure named for him reacts hydrocyanic acid with an aromatic compound. He is also the first namesake of a reaction that uses carbon monoxide at high pressure, which must be used to synthesize aromatic aldehydes because formyl chloride is unstable. For 10 points, name this German organic chemist, who names a modification of the Friedel-Crafts reaction that uses copper iodide to synthesize benzaldehyde with Koch.
Answer: Ludwig Gattermann
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An early excerpt of this writer's most famous prose work was published in the periodical New Thalia, and he suggested that "where there is danger, a rescuing element grows as well" in his poem "Patmos." Many of this writer's works, such as "Memnon's Lament for Diotima," are dedicated to Susette Gontard, while the transition from ancient Greece to Christianity is the subject of another of his poems, "Bread and Wine." His most famous play exists in three different versions, in one of which Manes, the titular philosopher's teacher, admonishes him for his decision to leap into Mt. Etna. His hymns "Germania," "The Rhine," and "The Ister" are the subject of three Heidegger lectures on this writer. For 10 points, identify this German Romantic author of the drama The Death of Empedocles and the unfinished novel Hyperion: Or, The Hermit in Greece.
Answer: Friedrich Holderlin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
During his reign, this king was opposed by an alliance between Matiel of Arpad and Tarkhulara of Gurgum, among others, and a primary source of information about his reign and campaigns are a collection of letters found at Calah. The assassination of Pakaha allowed this ruler to secure Israel through his vassal Hoshea, and he came to the throne by deposing Mukin-zero, a Chaldean who had assumed power during the succession crisis generated by Nabonassar's death. This ruler's major campaigns included the subjection of Urartu in 735 B.C.E., and the capture of Damascus during the rebellion of Rakhianu. Various sources indicate that this man was the son of either Ashur-nirari V or Adad-nirari III, and he was succeeded by Shalmaneser V, who was then succeeded by Sargon II. For 10 points, identify this Assyrian king, who ruled from 744 to 727 B.C.E.
Answer: Tiglath-Pileser III [prompt on Tiglath-Pileser]
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Brown
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Pisistratus and Alexander the Great are present for the title action of this work, which also features Pindar and Phidias holding up a lyre and mallets, respectively. For 10 points each:,
[10] Nike places a laurel wreath upon the title character of which painting whose center features the title poet?
Answer: The Apotheosis of Homer
[10] Ingres painted at least two portraits of this Parisian banker's wife. In an 1856 painting, she wears a white floral gown, is seated, and holds her right hand to her temple while gazing bemusedly at the viewer.
Answer: Madame Moitessier
[10] Lifelike, alabaster statues are scattered along the back of this Ingres work, whose red-caped title figure sits crouched down over a harp in the foreground.
Answer: The Dream of Ossian [accept logical equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Tubigen/Boston screen helped establish this organism as a model system, and the Casper mutant is completely transparent. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these aquatic model organisms with clear eggs that are commonly used to study development. Christine Nusslein-Volhard uses them nowadays.
Answer: Zebrafish or Danio rerio
[10] Injecting morpholinos into a Zebrafish 32-cell embryo is a common way to activate this pathway, which knocks down a particular gene of interest using an antisense RNA and the Dicer complex. Andrew Fire and Craig Mello won the 2006 Nobel Prize for their development of it.
Answer: RNA interference or RNAi
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It is subtitled "Or, Memoirs of a Sleepwalker," For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this 1799 novel that begins with the title character trying to figure out who killed his friend Waldegrave.
[10] In this other novel, subtitled "Or, Memoirs of a Year," the title character ends up working for the swindler Welbeck and contracts yellow fever during an epidemic in Philadelphia, but with Dr. Stevens' help he recovers and promises to marry Eliza Fielding.
Answer: Tetrahymena Edgar Huntly
[10] Both Edgar Huntly and Arthur Mervyn were written by this early American gothic novelist best known for Wieland.
Answer: Arthur Mervyn
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Antigonids lost out at this battle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this battle fought in the hills of Thessaly in 197 BCE, which resulted in a victory for Roman forces under Titus Quinctius Flaminius.
Answer: Second Battle of Cynoscephalae
[10] Cynoscephalae effectively ended the second of these conflicts, fought against a namesake kingdom led by Philip V.
Answer: Macedonian Wars
[10] After Philip's death, his son Perseus instigated the Third Macedonian War, which ended with the victory of Lucius Aemilius Paulus over Perseus at this 168 BCE battle.
Answer: Battle of Pydna
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This philosopher coined the phrase "the end of history." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Russian-born French philosopher best known for his "Introduction to the Reading of Hegel."
Answer: Alexander Kojeve
[10] Kojeve maintained a close correspondence with this American philosopher, a teacher of Alan Bloom notable for his studies of Greek democracy and works such as On Tyranny and Natural Right and History.
Answer: Leo Strauss
[10] Kojeve's lectures on Hegel were an important influence on this man who discussed technology in Our Posthuman Future, but who is best known for arguing that it is the rise of democracies based on capitalism that signals The End of History in a book with the same name.
Answer: Francis Fukuyama
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It includes a term proportional to the product of the position derivative and the square of the position, which represents damping. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this nonlinear system, a special case of the FitzHugh-Nagumo model formulated in 1920 by its Dutch namesake to describe an electrical circuit that used a triode.
Answer: van der Pol oscillator or equation
[10] When subjected to periodic forcing, the van der Pol oscillator demonstrates period-locking, which is a manifestation of this behavior, in which a system becomes aperiodic and exhibits high sensitivity to initial conditions.
Answer: chaos [accept word forms]
[10] The triode used in the original van der Pol circuit has since been replaced with this type of diode, which utilizes quantum effects to achieve a region of negative resistance in its current-voltage curve.
Answer: tunneling diode [or Esaki diode]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This method can be used to solve such game theoretical problems as the centipede game, where two players alternately get the chance to take the larger portion of a continually increasing size of money. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this method for computing subgame perfect equilibria in sequential games. It involves reasoning what one would do when making the last decision, then what one would do prior to that step based on that information, and so forth.
Answer: backwards induction
[10] Backwards induction can be used to solve the ``rotten kid theorem,'' which suggests that given proper financial incentives, even selfish children will help other family members. That theorem was devised by this economist, the author of The Economics of Discrimination.
Answer: Gary Becker
[10] Gary Becker and Casey Mulligan studied this decline in efficiency that takes place due to a tax based on the number of tax dollars a government chooses to raise. Taxes and binding price ceilings or floors commonly cause this phenomenon, which is exemplified by Christmas shopping.
Answer: deadweight loss
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Despite declining ratings over the past two years, NBC has unofficially announced that this TV series will be picked up for season four, which is expected to open with the volume called ``Redemption.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this TV series whose third season has seen Nathan Petrelli and the ``Hunter'' go after the title group of characters, which include the Hayden Panettiere-portrayed Claire Bennet and the time-stopping Nakamura.
Answer: Heroes
[10] James Kyson Lee, who plays Hiro's sidekick, Ando, hails from this university. Rosie O'Donnell, Emily Deschanel, and Jason Alexander also graduated from here, whose sports teams are called the ``Terriers.''
Answer: Boston University
[10] This Boston University drop-out is all the rage in online poker. Known on Full Tilt Poker by his screen name ``durrrr,'' he is in the middle of a million dollar challenge of four-tabling Pot Limit Omaha with Patrik Antonius.
Answer: Tom Dwan
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Prince Bougerlas attempts to avenge the death of his father by killing this figure. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this king who is "cuckolded" and "enchained" in two sequels to his namesake play.
Answer: Ubu Roi
[10] This playwright of Ubu Roi is often considered a forerunner to the theater of the absurd, and he also wrote novels such as The Garden of Priapus.
Answer: Alfred Jarry
[10] In Ubu Roi, the "palcontents" Heada and Tails kill one of these animals, which, in a work of another author, is hunted by Ike McCaslin.
Answer: a bear
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Replaced after only a year in his most famous position by Camille Chautemps, this man led the opposition to the governments of Alexandre Millerand and Raymond Poincare before assuming his most famous post in 1936. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Socialist politician, the first Jew to become the premier of France.
Answer: Leon Blum
[10] Blum rose to power with the backing of this coalition of Communists, Radicals, and Socialists, which lasted until 1938 and instituted such reforms as the 40-hour work week.
Answer: Popular Front or Front populaire
[10] Blum was succeeded as premier by this Radical Party politician, who, with Neville Chamberlain, was one of the signatories of the Munich Pact.
Answer: Edouard Daladier
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He was the first American architect to complete training at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this man whose designs, including the Ochre Court, the Marble House, and the Breakers, turned late 19th century Newport, Rhode Island, into a symbol of Gilded Age Excess.
Answer: Richard Morris Hunt
[10] Richard Morris Hunt may be best known for the works he completed at the behest of the Vanderbilt family, including this 255 room, 125 thousand acre, ``House'' in Asheville, North Carolina.
Answer: The Biltmore
[10] Hunt turned to the Baths of Caracalla for inspiration when he designed the entrance and Great Hall of this New York landmark. It features numerous arches, vaults, and domes shaped out of limestone.
Answer: The Metropolitan Museum of Art or The Met
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was most immediately a reaction to attempts to nationalize the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, and was organized on behalf of the CIA by Kermit Roosevelt. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1953 action, which re-instituted the Shah as the autocratic ruler of Iran.
Answer: Operation Ajax
[10] Operation Ajax deposed this leader of the Majlis, the prime minister of Iran who was pushing for socialistic reforms.
Answer: Mohammed Mossadiq
[10] An earlier conflict over foreign control of Iranian industry erupted in 1890, when this deal, which paid the Shah fifteen thousand pounds annually in return for exclusive rights to the production of the namesake crop, was protested by Islamic injunctions against its consumption.
Answer: the tobacco regie
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man described the sound ``of drumming all over the land'' in his poem ``Night Rain.'' For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of The Masquerade, a sequel to his play in which the impotent Zifa and his brother Tonya commit suicide after Tonya seduces Zifa's wife Ebiere, Song of a Goat.
Answer: John Pepper Clark-Bekederemo
[10] Further south in Africa, this Zimbabwean author wrote about Tambu's rescue from poverty by her uncle and subsequent friendship with his daughter Nyasha in her novel Nervous Conditions.
Answer: Tsitsi Dangarembga
[10] This native of Botswana wrote the novels When Rain Clouds Gather, Maru, and A Question of Power in addition to the short story collection The Collector of Treasures.
Answer: Bessie Head
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Doxirobucin and thalidomide achieve their function by acting as these agents, while another well known example used to block transcription is actinomycin D. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these chemical agents that induce mutations by inserting themselves between the nitrogenous bases of a DNA double helix. Ethidium bromide is another well-known example.
Answer: Intercalating agents [accept word forms]
[10] Ethidium bromide is commonly used to visualize DNA bands in this laboratory procedure, which separates a sample of DNA by size using an applied electric field.
Answer: Gel electrophoresis
[10] This colorful intercalating agent is used to chart cell cycle progression. It contains two benzene rings fused to a central pyridine, and can also interact with RNA electrostatically.
Answer: Acridine orange
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Identify these states of Brazil, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Brazilian region is governed by Jose Serra and is home to Campos do Jordao, an oft-visited municipality. This state bears the name of its capital, which happens to be the largest city in Brazil.
Answer: Sao Paulo
[10] The third largest Brazilian state, its capital is at Cuiaba and is home to the Pantanal, a tropical wetland. Meaning ``thick forest,'' it is also home to the Xingu National Park and the wildlife-filled Chapada dos Guimaraes.
Answer: Mato Grosso
[10] Boa Viagem is a neighborhood of the city Recife, which is the capital of this Northeastern region. Olinda was its capital prior to a burning by the Dutch, and the island of Fernando de Noronha is also part of this state.
Answer: Pernambuco
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Five chapters of his unfinished novel, Gaston de Latour, were published in 1896, for 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this author of Plato and Platonism and Plato and Platonism.
Answer: Walter Pater
[10] Walter Pater may be best known for this novel subtitled ``His Sensations and Ideas,'' it centers on the titular Roman who lived during the reign of Marcus Aurelius.
Answer: Marius the Epicurean
[10] This poet, a student of Pater's, invented ``sprung rhythm'' and wrote The Wreck of the Deutschland.
Answer: Gerard Manley Hopkins
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As everyone who's ever taken introductory chemistry knows, they are responsible for many of the properties of water. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these bonds between a namesake atom and a highly electronegative atom.
Answer: hydrogen bonds
[10] This adjective is used to describe solvents, like water, that easily undergo hydrogen bonding. SN1 and E1 reactions proceed much faster in this kind of solvent, while SN2 and E2 proceed slower.
Answer: protic solvent
[10] In addition to $pi$*, a measure of dipolarity and polarizability, the other two of these three parameters are R, the ability to donate electrons to a hydrogen bond, and $beta$, the ability to accept electrons in a hydrogen bond.
Answer: Kamlet-Taft solvent parameters
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Name the following composers and pianists, for 10 points each.,
[10] Mozart got seriously pissed off by this Italian teacher of John Field when their keyboard duel ended in a tie. Today, he is remembered for his piano sonatinas and exercise book Gradus ad Parnassum.
Answer: Muzio Clementi
[10] This French virtuoso was reputed to rival Liszt technically and composed such difficult works as The Months and his Grand Sonata: The Four Ages.
Answer: Charles-Valentin Alkan
[10] This German was declared to be a greater prodigy than Mozart by Goethe and wrote such piano works as his Piano Concerto in G Minor and eight books of Songs Without Words.
Answer: Felix Mendelssohn
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He advocated a literal interpretation of the Revealed Text. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Islamic theologian who founded and gave his name to the fourth of the four major schools of Sunni jurisprudence.
Answer: Ahmad Ibn Hanbal
[10] Ibn Hanbal was thus a key figure in the development of Islamic jurisprudence, an expansion of Sharia known as this.
Answer: fiqh
[10] Ibn Hanbal's greatest work was this encyclopedic collection of Hadith traditions.
Answer: al-Musnad
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It was precipitated by the appointment of Sir Alfred Milner. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this conflict which featured the capture of Mafeking and the exile of Paul Kruger.
Answer: First Boer War
[10] In another nineteenth-century conflict involving Britain, the English launched the first of three wars in this country at the Battle of Ghazni, but the native inhabitants drove them out after three years.
Answer: Afghanistan
[10] And of course, Britain and the US also 'fought' the bloodless Aroostok war over the boundary of Maine, which was finally set by this doubly eponymous treaty.
Answer: Webster-Ashburton Treaty
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One proof of this theorem postulates a polynomial-time verifier circuit and uses Karp reduction to show that this is equivalent to the problem of finding input values to that circuit that produce the desired output. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this doubly-eponymous theorem of computer science.
Answer: Cook-Levin Theorem
[10] The Cook-Levin theorem states that all problems in NP are reducible to this problem, which asks whether it is possible to assign truth values to some Boolean expression to render that expression true.
Answer: Boolean satisfiability problem or SAT
[10] The satisfiability problem has this quality, in which the solvability of every problem in its namesake complexity class is proven if this problem is solvable.
Answer: NP-complete
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Identify the following about gods of the sun, for 10 points each.,
[10] The eternal enemy of Fei Lian, this heavenly archer used his bow to destroy nine of the ten original suns and rule the last one.
Answer: Shen Yi
[10] This son of Ningal and Sin, the Babylonian god of the sun, was assisted in his tasks by Girru, the god of fire, and Nusku, the god of light.
Answer: Shamash
[10] These people represent the sun as Eguzki and the moon as Illargi. Their supreme god and goddess are Sugaar and Mari, and mother Earth is represented as Ama Lur.
Answer: Basque

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