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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Nationals Tossups by Brandeis
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This work contains a discussion of recognizing oneself in a mirror and recognizing the self in ``the mirror of possibility.'' It claims that while the loss ``of an arm, a leg, five dollars, a wife'' will be noticed by a religious fanatic, he will not notice that he has lost the self. According to this work, even ``feminine youthfulness'' is informed by the the titular phenomenon, which it explains can be caused by blind ambition or what its author terms the need to be "Caesar or nothing." Scattered throughout are references to plays like Macbeth and Richard II, and it explains the ``defiance'' and ``weak'' types of a certain phenomenon. This work ultimately asserts that true Christians are the only ones who can escape the title condition. For 10 points, name this work published under the pseudonym ``Anti-Climacus'' whose title malady is described as ``despair,'' a book by Soren Kierkegaard.
Answer: The Sickness Unto Death [or Sygdommen til Doden]
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Its first component was the Declaration of Principles, which promised, among other things, the formation of a Committee for Economic Cooperation that was to include the Electricity Developent Program. The APF formed as a coalition of those opposed to this treaty, and a key mediator in the negotiation of this treaty was the man who was later criticized for declaring the West "stingy" in response to the 2004 tsunami, Jan Egeland. Almost immediately after the signing of these documents, the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre soured relations between the parties. Including a change to the charter of one party to remove clauses about the ``destruction'' of the other, the completion of its first phase was signified by a celebrated handshake on the White House lawn. For 10 points, name this 1993 series of agreements between Yitzhak Rabin and Yassir Arafat on Palestinian autonomy.
Answer: Oslo Accords
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The conservation law for this quantity depends on whether the context is special or general relativity, as in the former situation the divergence is 0, and by Noether's theorem, the translation symmetries imply this conserved current. While it is generally symmetric, this is not true if the spin tensor is nonzero. In general relativity, where the conservation law is more complicated, there is a relation between it and another quantity which is a nonlinear function of the metric and which satisfies the Bianchi identity. It has an electromagnetic portion which can be expressed as a function of the electromagnetic field tensor. It is a relativistic generalization of a quantity from mechanics that is graphically represented as Mohr's circle, expresses the internal force per area of surface on which the force acts, and whose eigenvalues are called principle stresses. For 10 points, name this quantity which appears in the Einstein field equations as proportional to the Einstein tensor, is defined as the flux of generalized momenta through spacetime, and which causes and determines the way spacetime curves.
Answer: stress-energy tensor
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He wrote that ``the turnstile at Greenwich / chimed with laughter / my subway token'' in one poem and describes the title substance ``on the courthouse lawn'' while he smokes it in ``Grass.'' In one collection by this poet, he contrasts one poem in which ``a departing occupier'' leaves a ``heart green acre'' with another that begins ``Seen from above, the sky / is deep.'' Those works, ``A Downward Look'' and ``An Upward Look,'' appear in his collection A Scattering of Salts. A child waits for the delivery of a jigsaw puzzle in this man's semi-autobiographical Lost in Translation. Psyche screams, ``Look alive! Much to do!'' in his most famous work, an epic poem that uses W.H. Auden as a spirit guide and has sections like ``Scripts for the Pageant'' and ``The Book of Ephraim.'' For 10 points, name this American poet of The Changing Light at Sandover.
Answer: James Ingram Merrill
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A solar panel array operated by Accionia in this province produces nine and a half megawatts of power and sells each panel to an individual investor for sixty-four thousand dollars, and it is the world's largest solar generator. Provinces which border this one include a southwestern neighbor with capital at Logrono, La Rioja. Its northwest border is with the province that contains San Sebastian and Bilbao, Pais Vasco. Its longest border, on both the east and south, is with a large province home to Zaragoza, Aragon. Yamaguchi Park and the headquarters of the governing body for pelota are located in the capital of this province, which also hosts the festival of San Fermin each July. That capital was recently flooded by the Arga, a tributary of the Ebro. While locals refer to this state as Foru Erkidegoa, it is known by another name in Spanish, and it is home to the home of bull-running, Pamplona. For 10 points, identify this heavily Basque province of northern Spain, whose north borders the Pyrenees and France, and which was once an independent kingdom under such rulers as Sancho and the future French king Henry IV.
Answer: Navarre
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Notably, one of these entities is absent in the Leishmania mexicana GPI8 protein, and abnormally low numbers of pericytes occur if one is missing from PDGF$beta$. Binding of 14-3-3 proteins to GABAB [``Gabba-sub-bee''] receptors does not occur when two arginines are mutated to alanine in one of these entities, which also binds to the COPI complex. They are usually C-terminal signals, and a common mammalian one consists of the amino acids lysine, aspartate, gluatamate, and leucine, or KDEL. hnRNP C proteins contain one of them that allows them to override nuclear export signals. For 10 points, name these signals important in directing proteins to the correct membranes, most often used to prevent a protein's export from the endoplasmic reticulum.
Answer: retention sequence [or retention motif; or retrieval sequence; or retrieval motif]
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During this event it is customary to cut the hair of three-year-old children, and many adults cut their hair because they are allowed to on this day. It is said in the Zohar that on this day "the house was filled with fire and intense light to the point that the assembled could not see." Although this day refers to the anniversary of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai's death, it is customary to light ceremonial bonfires and run around them to mark the day of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai's joy. Occuring on the on the thirty-third day between Passover and Shavout, for 10 points, name this Jewish festival that commemorates end of the plague on Rabbi Akiva's disciples, often celebrated with barbecues and picnics.
Answer: Lag B'Omer [accept thirty third day of Omer before thirty-third day is mentioned]
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On the day Nazi troops moved into this country, an afternoon newspaper printed all of its articles double-spaced in order to alert citizens to ``read between the lines.'' Teenagers in this country formed their own partisan movement called the Churchill Gang, while other efforts were coordinated by the Freedom Council. The vast majority of Jews in this country were saved from an impending Nazi action by ambulance drivers who looked for Jewish names in phone books and used their vehicles to hide whomever they found. The Lutheran Church recognizes Kaj Munk, a pastor in this country who was killed after delivering an anti-Nazi sermon, as a martyr, and its other World War II figures included the collaborationist prime minister Erik Scavenius.After a German officer threatened to shoot anyone removing the swastika flag from this country's government headquarters, the king of this country volunteered to climb the flagpole himself. For 10 points, name this country where a false urban legend states that king, Christian X, wore a yellow star himself.
Answer: Denmark
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The introduction to this man's collected poems praises him for expressing hatred while being "clean" and "neither mean nor spiteful." That introduction laments "no white man can do more than express his humiliated sympathy" and was written by the philosopher John Dewey. This poet of ``George William Gordon to the Oppressed Natives'' wrote a sonnet on race riots which proclaims "like men we'll face the murderous, cowardly pack" and says that the title action will not be performed "like hogs," entitled "If We Must Die." Ray and Latnah are among the ocean-loving denizens of The Ditch who welcome Lincoln Agrippa Daily to Marseilles in one novel by this author. In another of his novels, the prostitute Felice refuses payment and Congo Rose enjoys being slapped, leading Jake Brown to choose life with the former. This author of Banjo also wrote about the goat rapist Harold Newton Day and the Christian convert Hopping Dick Delgado, both of whom are passed over in favor of the laborer Juban by Tabitha Plant. For 10 points, name this author of Home to Harlem and Banana Bottom, a Jamaica-born Harlem Renaissance author.
Answer: Claude McKay
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This psychologist argued that dividing all women into categories of ones who can satisfy loneliness and ones who can satisfy sexual desire results from collisions between men's need for intimacy and their lust. His student Helen Swick Perry described his phobia of the color blue and his mysterious two-year disappearance from college in her biography of this psychologist, Psychiatrist of America. This psychologist defined a person's ability to minimize anxiety and maximize self-esteem as the "self-system." He distinguished prototaxic, parataxic, and syntaxic modes of experience in his 1953 book The Interpersonal Theory of Psychiatry. For 10 points, name this American psychoanalyst who collected his studies of schizophrenic patients in Schizophrenia and the Human Process.
Answer: Harry Stack Sullivan
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The second person of this name admitted missionaries to his kingdom but purportedly refused to convert because he enjoyed polygamy and rum too much. A wife of one person of this name worked for women's rights by persuading him to eat publicly in mixed company and served as prime minister to another person of this name. The third person of this name was inspired by William Richards to issue the Edict of Toleration and Declaration of Rights, which introduced a legislature and supreme court to his country. This name, meaning "The Very Lonely One," was first held by the man who ended human sacrifice, issued the "law of the splintered paddle" against plunder, and won the Battle of the Leaping Mullet to complete his defeat of Kiwalao. For 10 points, give this common name of four rulers, the first of whom conquered Oahu and Maui to unite Hawaii.
Answer: Kamehameha
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Reclining figures in this work are modeled after allegorical nude figures in the Medici Chapel. A study on Michelangelo's statue of Samson and the Philistines provided the basis for a red-clad soldier with his back to the viewer, and a woman in orange holding a baby on the far left of this work may be based on drawings of Sistine Chapel sybils. In the right background of this painting, two figures stand in the doorway of a temple decorated with caryatids and two reclining female figures, and two dark-skinned men lean over a balcony in the left background. A man in blue on his knees holds a stake over the central figure, and a man in a turban holds up a broken chisel and turns to the right of this painting. Broken ropes, stakes, and axes lie around a prostrate and naked title figure, while a notably foreshortened orange-cloaked figure clasps a book while hovering above. For 10 points, identify this painting of the titular saint intervening in an execution, a work by Tintoretto.
Answer: Miracle of St. Mark Freeing the Slave [accept Miracle of the Slave]
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This agreement set up a committee to resolve a lingering boundary question that had earlier led Lyman Cutlar to destroy some property of Charles Griffin in the Pig War. That question, the San Juan Boundary Dispute, was referred by this treaty to arbitration by Kaiser Wilhelm II. One portion of this treaty addressed fishing north of the thirty-ninth parallel, while another part resulted in a payment of fifteen million dollars. Negotiated for the U.S. by Secretary of State Hamilton Fish, this agreement also created a court in Geneva to review the activities of Raphael Semmes, in which the U.S. charged Britain with aiding the Confederate cause. For 10 points, name this 1871 treaty which addressed the Alabama Claims.
Answer: Treaty of Washington
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Fleischner's theorem states that the square of a two-connected graph has one of these, and Chvatal conjectured in 1973 that every t-tough graph has one of these for some integer t. Every graph with more than three vertices and a degree greater than half the number of vertices has one of these, a result known as Dirac's theorem. The task of finding these is incomplete for both directed and undirected graphs, and finding one of these for a graph with the minimum edge cost is the Traveling Salesman Problem. For 10 points, name this tour through a graph which starts and ends at the same vertex and contains every other vertex exactly once.
Answer: Hamiltonian cycle [prompt on Hamiltonian; do not accept "Hamiltonian path"]
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One character in this story describes "placid corpses" floating in the Benares "bloated up like sunfish." That character later taunts another for fearing his entire body will become a "vagina in heat," and that character treasures a Georges Batailles photograph of a man being drawn and quartered. The phrase "a certain party" is used to refer to a man after his son is shot for desertion, about two years before a failed August 16th rebellion during which the fighters sing the titular Bach cantata. This work opens with its narrator throwing a pair of nostril hair clippers at a dwarfen lunatic who has crept into the hospital room where he lies dying of imaginary liver cancer. Mocking the right-wing politics of Yukio Mishima, this story is one of four in a collection that also includes Prize Stock, Aghwee the Sky Monster, and the tale that nicknames the narrator's brain-damaged son Eeyore, "Teach Us to Outgrow Our Madness." For 10 points, an enormous golden chrysanthemum in a purple aurora irradiates the world at the end of what novella by Kenzaburo Oe?
Answer: The Day He Himself Shall Wipe My Tears Away [or Waga Namida O Nuguitamu Hi]
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Sometimes said to live in fig leaves and banana plants, one of their kind kept two lambs as pets. When the lambs were stolen, that particular figure fled and took the form of a swan. Another tale describes how after eating a cake that fell out of a crow's mouth, another of these figures gave birth to Hanuman. Yet another of these figures was sent to distract Viswamitra and eventually gave birth to the ``daughter of the furrow,'' Shakuntala. Although Anjana and Menaka are not mentioned in the Rig Veda, that text does describe the romance of King Pururavas and the most beautiful of them, Urvasi.Often paired with the Ghandarvas, who would provide music for them to dance to, they were known as the ``Daughters of Joy.''For 10 points, identify these nymphs of Hindu mythology who were said to reside in Indra's heaven.
Answer: Apsara(s)
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This man opposed the economics-first program advocated by an earlier leader who wrote Stadium and Light. This man's followers secured the passage of certain acts that ended the noble exemption from taxation and the practice of extracting "robot" labor that are known variously as the March Laws or April Laws. A bust of this person can be found in United States Capitol with the subtitle "Freedom Fighter," and he claimed to have learned English by studying Shakespeare in jail. This editor of the Pesti Hirlap proclaimed independence in Debrecen, but Viscount Canning had to negotiate this man's exile at Shumen in Ottoman-controlled Bulgaria following the defeat of the Revolutions of 1848. For 10 points, name this man who sought autonomy from the Hapsburgs, the national hero of Hungary.
Answer: Lajos Kossuth
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Brass and winds are played in short bursts of eighth notes over flashes of string to mimic laughter during its ``Grotesque Dance of Dorcon.'' In addition to featuring fifteen distinct percussion instruments, a wordless chorus can be heard throughout this work. The second section begins with the exhausting ``warrior's dance'' and ends with a divinely aided rescue from a pirate camp. A series of parallel fourths in the horns and a triplet pattern in the solo flute represent three statues coming to life in a sacred grotto during its opening. Its epilogue, featuring a group of women playing tambourines in a manic 5/4 rhythm and dressed as bacchantes, is preceded by the reunited title characters dancing a duet in honor of Syrinx and Pan. Commissioned by Diaghilev, its composer would later adapt this work as his Suites No. 1 and No. 2 for orchestra. For 10 points, identify this 1912 ballet based on a drama by Longus, a work by Maurice Ravel.
Answer: Daphnis et Chloe or Daphnis and Chloe
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In this author's only play, two aliens arrive on Earth and give humanity three days to raise the global happiness quotient, threatening to exterminate the human race if their demands are not met, but are soon revealed to be powerless and simply thrown in jail. In addition to writing that play, Twilight Bar, this author coined the term "cocacolonization" in his final novel The Call Girls and wrote a critical appraisal of Eastern religions in The Lotus and the Robot. He contrasted two types of political problem-solving approaches, those who change themselves and those who change the environment, in The Yogi and the Commisar, and he speculated that the emotional and rational portions of the brain do not cooperate in his treatise The Ghost in the Machine. In a novel by this author, Number 402 converses with the protagonist through tapping on the wall. In that work, Rubashov is executed for offenses he did not commit in order to prove his loyalty to the Communist cause. For 10 points, identify this Hungarian-born author of Darkness at Noon.
Answer: Arthur Koestler
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A Raney nickel-catalyzed desulfurization is the last step in the Gassman method for synthesizing these compounds, and they can also be synthesized by an intramolecular Wittig reaction in a variant of the Madelung synthesis. The presence of the simplest of these compounds can be detected by the Kovacs reagent, and another of them was formed via the first reported intramolecular Heck reaction. They are synthesized from ketones in a [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement named after Fischer. For 10 points, name these heterocyclic aromatic molecules that contain a benzene ring fused to a pyrrole, whose namesake functional group is found on the side chain of tryptophan.
Answer: indoles [or equivalents like indole derivatives]
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The title character of one of this man's operas sings the "Shadow Song" while chasing her pet goat, and he wrote an aria for soprano in which the insane Catherine is accompanied by Peter the Great on flute, "La, la, la, air cheri." This composer of Dinorah saw his early opera Jephtha flop, and Gaetano Rossi wrote the libretto to one of his works in which Armando rescues the sultan from Osmino and which includes a castrato role, Il crociato in Egitto. This composer of Margaret of Anjou also collaborated with Rossi on an opera in which the title characters both love Teobaldo, Romilda and Costanza. In one of this man's operas, an explosion kills the titular character, John de Leyden, and he wrote another in which Bertram offers the title character a magic bough and takes him to frolic with dead nuns, Robert le Diable. For 10 points, identify this composer of Les Huguenots and L'Africaine.
Answer: Giacomo Meyerbeer
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This man may have used medical case studies by Antonio Benivieni as a source for a scene in one of his plays in which a character shot in the chest by an arrow promptly begins to prophesy. In one long poem by this author, the narrator states that he ``consecrated [his] life'' to the Palace of Ruth, and he calls religion both ``a monster like'' and ``the only grace of dames and men'' in his Eugenia. A soothsayer describes sacrificing a ``milk-white ox'' in this man's Caesar and Pompey, and in another of his plays, a man disguised as a soldier claims that he killed Cynthia's husband. The title character's lover kills Pyrrhot and l'Anou in one of his two plays involving Bussy d'Ambois. For 10 points, name this British co-author of Eastward Ho! who inspired a man to feel "like some watcher of the skies" with his translations of The Odyssey and The Iliad, as memorialized by John Keats.
Answer: George Chapman
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In addition to Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome, a mutation in the TREX1 gene is associated with this disease. A drug-induced type of it can occur after long-term use of isoniazid or quinidine. A number of genes on chromosome 1 have been linked to it, including those for Fc$gamma$ receptors and interleukin 10. High levels of antiphospholipid antibodies found in sufferers of this disease may accelerate atherosclerosis, and this disease may also cause Libman-Sacks endocarditis. Sufferers of this disease, prevalent in nine times as many women as men, demonstrate high levels of circulating apoptotic cells, and its most recognizable symptom is a photosensitive butterfly-shaped rash. For 10 points, name this ``great imitator,'' a chronic autoimmune disease in which that facial rash resembles the fur on the face of a wolf.
Answer: systemic lupus erythematosus [or SLE]
 
2009 ACF Nationals Bonuses by Brandeis
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For 10 points each, answer the following about making ATP.,
[10] Oxidative phosphorylation, which makes ATP, uses the energy and proton gradient gained from this process in which the namesake particles are shuttled along four complexes and cytochrome C.
Answer: electron transport chain [or electron transfer chain]
[10] This 1978 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry developed the chemiosmotic hypothesis, which explains how the proton gradient drives oxidative phosphorylation by ATP synthase.
Answer: Peter (Dennis) Mitchell
[10] This only non-protein of the electron transport chain receives electrons from both NADH and FADH2, and passes them on to cytochrome C via cytochrome C reductase.
Answer: Coenzyme Q [orUbiquinone]
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In the most recently aired episode of this show, the protagonist shows off his black credit card and the song "Sky Pilot" is featured. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this show about Kenny Powers, a washout Major League Baseball player who gets a second chance.
Answer: Eastbound & Down
[10] Married to Jeremy Piven's sister since 1996, this former Saturday Night Live head writer is the co-creator of Eastbound & Down. He has directed such films as Stepbrothers and Anchorman.
Answer: Adam McKay
[10] The role of Ashley Schaffer in Eastbound & Down is played by this frequent McKay collaborator, the star of Talladega Nights, who also portrayed Robert Goulet on SNL.
Answer: Will Ferrell
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Name some things from British religious history for 10 points each.,
[10] This 1673 act prevented Roman Catholics from holding public office and was extended to the peerage by a 1678 act.
Answer: Test Act
[10] This specific act of 1665 prohibited nonconformist pastors from living within the namesake distance of their former parishes.
Answer: Five Mile Act
[10] This Five Mile Act was part of this series of laws, also including the Corporation, Uniformity and Conventicle Acts, which were passed by Charles II directly targeted Puritans but was deprecated by the Test Act. Provisions included the required use of the Book of Common Prayer and a prohibition of ministers from returning to their former churches.
Answer: Clarendon Code
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Gustav's daughter Sophie may be married to the protagonist in this work, which takes place over three days and in multiple alternate worlds. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this novel about an amnesiac pianist due to perform a concert in an unidentified city in central Europe.
Answer: The Unconsoled
[10] This is the protagonist of The Unconsoled. He is, according to the civilians of the unnamed city, "the world's finest living pianist."
Answer: Ryder
[10] This author of An Artist of the Floating World and Never Let Me Go penned The Unconsoled.
Answer: Kazuo Ishiguro
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They were guarded by the Norns and kept in a box known as an "eski." For ten points each:,
[10] Identify these mythological objects associated with Idun.
Answer: golden apples or apples of youth
[10] In one myth, this storm giant took the form of an eagle and carried off Idun and her golden apples. That action by this giant caused the gods of Asgard to age quickly.
Answer: Thiazi or Thiasi
[10] Because of Thiazi's capture of Idun, the gods were forced to send Loki to this abode. Known as "the house of uproar," Thiazi lived there with his daughter Skadi.
Answer: Thrymheim
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For 10 points each, name these Italian composers.,
[10] This composer of La Clementina and some notable string quartets also wrote a cello concerto in B flat major that was extensively altered by Friedrich Grutzmacher.
Answer: Luigi Boccherini
[10] Best known for an 1890 opera that features such characters as Santuzza, Lola, and Turiddu, this man also composed such works as Guglielmo Ratcliff and L'Amico Fritz.
Answer: Pietro Mascagni
[10] Thanks to his prolific use of the technique in his many harpsichord sonatas, a certain type of arpeggiated chord accompaniment is known as this man's "bass." This student of Antonio Lotti also composed operas for voice and harpsichord.
Answer: Domenico Alberti
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The title character is taken prisoner by his own troops after dressing in a Russian infantryman's uniform. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which the titular man is sent to the front for stealing a dog, sent to an asylum for speaking against the state in front of the secret police, and sent to the army recruitment office in a wheelchair.
Answer: The Good Soldier Svejk
[10] This author of The Good Soldier Svejk might have been gay, according to Wikipedia. More importantly, he also wrote The Red Commissar.
Answer: Jaroslav Hasek
[10] This other Czech author of Too Loud a Solitude wrote about Milos Hrma, a railroad worker during the Nazi occupation, who asserts his manhood against a trainful of Nazis in Closely Watched Trains.
Answer: Bohumil Hrabal
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For 10 points each, answer the following about solving polynomial equations.,
[10] This value for a quadratic equation, equal to b2 -- 4ac, indicates whether the equation has one real solution, two real solutions, or two complex solutions.
Answer: discriminant
[10] This man divulged Tartaglia's secret for solving depressed cubic equations. He and his student Ludovico Ferrari, after whom the solution to the quartic is named, came up with the first method for solving a general cubic.
Answer: Girolamo Cardano
[10] This theorem states that for the two roots of a quadratic equation x1 and x2, their sum equals negative b over a and their product equals c over a. Its French namesake also used 393,216-sided polygons to calculate pi to nine decimal places.
Answer: Viete's theorem [or Vieta's theorem]
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A cupid holds on to one of the two horses on the side, but it is the struggle of the two blonde nudes that fills the majority of the canvas. For ten points each:,
[10] Identify this 1618 work representing the abduction and ravishment of Phoebe and Hilaeira, two princesses of Argos.
Answer: The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus
[10] This artist of various self-portraits with his wife, Isabella Brant, and a monumental Descent from the Cross for the Antwerp Cathedral, painted The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus.
Answer: Peter Paul Rubens
[10] In this work, which features a crocodile and a tiger on the bottom, Rubens presents an allegorical depiction of geography by having a certain number of female figures standing in for the titular land masses.
Answer: The Four Continents
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For 10 points each, identify the following related to metal oxides.,
[10] A pentoxide of this transition metal is the most commonly used catalyst in the contact process. Its trioxide acts as a catalyst in the conversion of ethylene to ethanol.
Answer: vanadium [or V]
[10] Diagonal lines plotted on this diagram give the temperature at which a metal will spontaneously oxidize to a metal oxide. Alternatively, they can give the temperature at which carbon monoxide can reduce a metal oxide to the pure metal.
Answer: Ellingham diagrams [or Ellingham lines]
[10] The Ellingham diagrams plot temperature on the x-axis and this quantity on the y-axis. They can find the temperature of spontaneous oxidation by finding the temperature at which this quantity equals zero, since all spontaneous reactions have a negative value for it.
Answer: Gibbs free energy
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Many analyses of this language's phonology include the nonspecific pseudo-phonemes /Q/ [``capital q''], marking the first half of a geminated consonant, and /N/, representing a syllable-final nasal. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this language which also includes a system of downstep.
Answer: Japanese language or Nihongo
[10] Mushamusha, meaning ``frustrated'' or ``irritated'', belongs to this class of sound-symbolic Japanese words that describe mental states.
Answer: psychomimes or gijoogo or gitaigo [do not accept ``onomatopoeia'']
[10] This syllabary is used in Japanese to write words of foreign origin, while native words use hiragana.
Answer: katakana
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For 10 points each, name some things from the world of experimental film.,
[10] Luis Bunuel cuts out Simone Mareuil's eye with a razor in this surrealist film, which ends with the two mostly buried in sand.
Answer: Un chien andalou or An Andalusian Dog
[10] This experimental filmmaker of The Pittsburgh Trilogy showed his wife pregnant and the process of giving birth to their first child in Window Water Baby Moving.
Answer: Stan Brakhage
[10] This man's Caravaggio featured Tilda Swinton as did his 1991 version of Edward II, which won praise for its focus on the gay content of the play, but he is probably best known for Jubilee, a story of Elizabeth I travelling to Britain in the 1970s where she hangs out with lots of punk rockers.
Answer: Derek Jarman
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For 10 points each, name these governors of New York.,
[10] This first Whig governor later purchased Alaska while serving as Secretary of State.
Answer: William H. Seward
[10] This Democratic governor who served for much of the Great Depression resigned his governorship in 1942 when he was appointed to the post of Director of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations. His family also founded a banking firm that went bankrupt in 2008.
Answer: Herbert Lehman
[10] This man was elected in 1872 after working as minister to France and as Lincoln's Treasury Secretary, in which role he ordered that anyone taking down a Union flag in New Orleans was to be shot.
Answer: John Adams Dix
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Identify these poems of Hart Crane, for 10 points each.,
[10] "I met a man in South Street, tall-- / a nervous shark tooth swung on his chain" begins "Cutty Sark," one section of this work. This long work also contains such subsections as "Powhatan's Daughter" and "Atlantis."
Answer: The Bridge
[10] In this elegaic work, Crane discusses the "calyx" left by a sinking ship, and notes that the titular writer of such works as "The Maldive Shark" saw "the dice of drowned men's bones bequeathed to the sea."
Answer: "At Melville's Tomb"
[10] The speaker enters the "world / to trace the visionary company of love" in this last poem published during Crane's lifetime. It may have been inspired by Crane's affair with novelist Malcom Cowley's wife Pegg and is named for a shattered structure.
Answer: "The Broken Tower"
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Its most important prayer is the Five Vows, and this religion is symbolized by the Divine Eye. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this rather bizarre syncretic religion of Vietnam that reveres people like Victor Hugo and has its Holy See at Tay Ninh.
Answer: Cao Dai [or Great Religion of the Third Period of Revelation and Salvation; or High Tower; or High Place; or Dai Dao Tam Ky Pho Do]
[10] This man was originally a devout Caodaist, but he left the Cao Dai militia to lead his own subsect militia, the Lien Minh. He was assassinated by an unknown party for his Vietnamese nationalist activities.
Answer: Trinh Minh The
[10] This man is one of three Cao Dai saints. He may be better known for taking over China after Yuan Shigai stepped down as president.
Answer: Sun Yat Sen
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It became official in a 1992 Declaration of Independence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this name given to the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, which shares a name with a revolution that happened three years earlier.
Answer: Velvet Divorce
[10] The Velvet Divorce thus marked the end of an era that began in 1918 with the election of this first president of the Czech Republic.
Answer: Thomas Masaryk
[10] This 1918 agreement between Masaryk and Slovak representatives agreed to principles of Slovak autonomy within any future unitary state, and was signed in the namesake American city.
Answer: the Pittsburgh Convention [accept anything with Pittsburgh in it]
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The overeducated Kamiti is rejected from a job at Eldares Modern Construction and Real Estate Company, and the resulting flight from the police leads him to take up the identity of the titular shaman. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel set in the fictional Free Republic of Aburiria, which is governed by the nameless, corrupt Ruler.
Answer: Wizard of the Crow
[10] This man wrote Wizard of the Crow. Other works by this Kenyan author include Weep Not, Child and A Grain of Wheat.
Answer: James Ngugi wa Thiong'o
[10] Subtitled "The Politics of Language in African Literature," this Ngugi essay seeks to set aside the issue of tribalism to focus on how true African independence can only come about through the title action and the sloughing off of imperial rule.
Answer: Decolonizing the Mind
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Their namesake park includes Jackson Lake, for ten points each.,
[10] Identify this mountain range whose second tallest peak is Mount Owen.
Answer: the Tetons
[10] The Tetons are located in this state, whose cities include Cheyenne.
Answer: Wyoming
[10] This seat of Albany County, Wyoming, which is adjacent to Fort Sanders, was incorporated in 1874 near the namesake river.
Answer: Laramie
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Identify these things relating to dark matter, for 10 points each.,
[10] This type of dark matter is defined by the fact that it does not interact with ordinary matter via the electromagnetic force. It is classified based upon the velocity dispersion of its constituent particles into cold, warm, and hot types.
Answer: Nonbaryonic dark matter
[10] This class of theoretical particles of cold dark matter must interact through gravity and the weak nuclear force. Examples with sub giga-electron-volt masses are called light dark matter.
Answer: WIMPs or Weakly Interacting Massive Particles
[10] This leading WIMP candidate is formed by a mix of superpartners of the photon, Z Boson, and neutral higgs, and is theorized to be the lightest supersymmetric particle.
Answer: Neutralino
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Identify these logicians, for 10 points each.,
[10] Later collected in the volume Illustrations of the Logic of Science, both "How to Make Our Ideas Clear" and "The Fixation of Belief" were written by this American philosopher who was also well known for his work with what he termed the "semeiotic."
Answer: Charles Sanders Peirce
[10] At the age of sixteen, this man wrote an essay inventing a semantics for modal logics which was later the basis of semantics for other non-classical logics. His other well-known contributions include his interpretations of Wittgenstein and the book Naming and Necessity.
Answer: Saul Kripke
[10] This logician's namesake undefinability theorem limits the existence of formal definitions of truth within a theory. He wrote "The Concept of Truth in Formalized Languages."
Answer: Alfred Tarski

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