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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 ACF Fall Tossups by Yale C and Chicago A
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This musician found work with Cab Calloway's band, but Calloway didn't take kindly to this musician's adventurous solos, which he branded "Chinese music." However, he got himself thrown out of the Calloway band for another reason entirely, as he stabbed the bandleader in the leg with a switchblade after Calloway accused him of firing spitballs at him during a concert. Later, he moved up to Harlem, where he helped to plant the seeds of bebop at Minton's Playhouse. There, he began to use an instrument with its bell pointed at a 45-degree angle, and also began to play original compositions like Woody n' You, Groovin' High, and Con Alma. FTP, name this lightning-fingered jazz trumpeter, who composed A Night In Tunisia.
Answer: John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie
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In one theory of this concept's development, the transition from peer-oriented or collective-oriented to objective-oriented requires a namesake pluralism. Carol Gilligan claimed that the most famous theory of it was biased against women because its studies did not include any, and Elliot Kuriel separated its development from that of the more interpersonal social convention in his domain theory. The most famous theory of it was developed in part based on people's reactions to reading stories, such as one about a man who steals medication for his wife, and it included six stages, the last of which, universal principles, is a theoretical endpoint. FTP name this concept theorized to develop in pre-conventional, conventional, and post-conventional levels by Lawrence Kohlberg, generally defined as a sense of right and wrong.
Answer: morality [accept moral development or morals]
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This poem references a line about Triton in Wordsworth's "The World Is Too Much With Us" in describing a clear note born by dead lips after the poet thanks the title figure for its heavenly message. The first verse likens the title figure to a "venturous bark" with "purpled wings," and the second verse laments "its sunless crypt unsealed" and "its irised ceiling rent." In the final stanza the poet enjoins his soul to "build thee more stately mansions," in imitation of the title creature's "silent toil / That spread his lustrous coil." The speaker characterizes the title creature as "the ship of pearl" and hopes eventually to be free, "Leaving thine outgrown shell by life's unresting sea," in, FTP, this poem by Oliver Wendell Holmes.
Answer: "The Chambered Nautilus"
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He is the namesake of a five-member archipelago to the west of Duncan Island in the Galapagos, and his name was used for eleven years as a pseudonym in The New Yorker's "The Wayward Press" column by Robert Benchley. He was recruited while fighting for Spain in the Netherlands under the name of Guido and was eventually executed on the same day as Thomas Wintour. He pretended to be John Johnson, a servant of Thomas Percy, when discovered in a cellar after joining a group led by Robert Catesby. That led to his name gracing a holiday, also called Bonfire Night, which takes place on November 5. FTP, identify this member of the Gunpowder Plot, who attempted to blow up Parliament and James I in 1605.
Answer: Guy Fawkes [or Guido Fawkes]
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They can be broken up into seven parts of equal length known as manzi, or thirty parts of equal length known as juz, which can further be divided into ahzabs. Twenty-nine of them begin with letters known as fawatih, all of which contain a reference to Musa and the snake. The last two are often paired together, and the first one is recited at the start of each unit of prayer. All of them are divided into ayat, and all of them except the ninth begin with a statement called the bismillah, which says that they were issued in the name of God. Based on the city in which they were revealed, they can also be divided into Meccan ones, and Madinan ones. Numbering 114 in total are, FTP, what chapters of the Koran?
Answer: suras
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In 1884, he visited England and was invited to write a seventh symphony. While there, he was also invited to write two large-scale choral works, The Spectre's Bride and St. Ludmila. His fifth symphony quotes the first four notes of Tchaikovsky's First Piano Concerto for its main theme, and his first symphony was later nicknamed The Bells of Zlonice. His most popular symphony was written while in New York City, features a famous Largo section, and contains many folk themes. FTP, name this Czech composer most famous for Symphony No. 9, or "From the New World."
Answer: Antonin Dvorak
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Larry Kane was the first U.S. news correspondent to report on this event, the idea for which came from a policy paper written by Richard Bissell code-named JMARC. General Maxwell Taylor chaired the commission to examine its failure, which was partly caused by the premature ending of air strikes, a part of Operation Puma. Grayston Lynch commanded Brigade 2506, which was a group of 1500 CIA-trained exiles who were captured during it, leading to the forced resignation of Allen Dulles. FTP, name this April 1961 botched invasion of Cuba, which failed to overthrow Fidel Castro.
Answer: Bay of Pigs or Playa Giron
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Under the pseudonym Gamliel Smith, he challenged Paul's claim to set himself up as a spokesman for Christianity, and his interest in education reform can be seen in his design of Chrestomathic Day School. His first work, which disagreed with the idea of judge-made law, criticized William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England. During a visit to Russia, he wrote a letter to Adam Smith suggesting that there should be no hindrance to lending money at interest, which is included in his work, Defense of Usury. The influence of Helvetius can be seen in his work Introduction to Principles of Morals and Legislation, which argued that legislation should result in the greatest happiness for the greatest number. FTP, name this British political philosopher, the founder of utilitarianism.
Answer: Jeremy Bentham
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The Hay test for jaundice makes use of this property because bile can alter its value for urine. Thermodynamically, it is defined as the partial derivative of Gibbs free energy with respect to area at constant pressure and temperature, and it is related to temperature via the Eotvos equation. LaPlace's law relates the collapsing pressure of a spherical bubble to twice the value of this property, which is also the driving force of capillary action. Measured in dynes per centimeter and explained by the cohesive forces between molecules with nothing above them, FTP name this quantity that can be lowered by surfactants and allows certain bugs to walk on water.
Answer: surface tension
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During the War of 1812, he was captured at the Battle of Queenston Heights. He negotiated a peaceful settlement with Britain in the San Juan Island dispute after commanding the implementation of Andrew Jackson's Cherokee removal campaign in 1838. He won only Kentucky, Massachussetts, Tennessee, and Vermont after choosing sitting Naval Secretary Alexander Graham as his running mate for a presidenital campaign managed by New York political intriguer Thurlow Weed, which disparaged the courage of his opponent and former subordinate with the "Fainting Frank" anecdote. The victorious commander at Contreras, Churubusco, Molino del Rey, Cerro Gordo, and Chapultepec, he later developd a plan to occupy coastal ports in Mississippi as well as the Anaconda Plan as the senior officer of the Union army at the outbreak of the Civil War. FTP, name this general who captured Mexico City in 1847 and was nicknamed "Old Fuss and Feathers," who went on to lose the 1852 presidential election to Franklin Pierce.
Answer: Winfield Scott
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One of this man's eponymous laws states that the first, second, and third components of the 4-gradient of the dual tensor vanish. His namesake effect describes the rotation of polarized light by a magnetic field, and he also lends his name to the SI unit of a property which, for a sphere, is given by 4 pi times the permittivity of free space times the sphere's radius. His eponymous law relating the curl of the electric field and the time derivative of the magnetic field was inspired by his experiments with a loop of wire and an electromagnet which showed that any change in the magnetic flux produces an emf. FTP identify this namesake of the SI unit of capacitance who enunciated his eponymous law of induction.
Answer: Michael Faraday
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Had it been built one year sooner, it would have stood directly behind Duffy's Cliff. The Smith family of Wilmington are the only people allowed to paint it; such care is warranted, as the hiding of old advertisements by a fresh coat of paint in 1947 gave it half of its name. Stool seating near it was added in 2005 and dubbed The Nation's Nest, while it sits directly opposite Pesky's Pole. The screen on top of it protects the denizens of Lansdowne Street, but in July 2005, no one could prevent an episode of urination inside of it, perpetrated by Manny Ramirez. The namesake of Curt Schilling's game company, it contains a manual scoreboard, and its dimensions are the bane of lefthanded pitchers. FTP, name this thirty-seven foot tall structure located a mere 315 feet from home plate at Fenway Park.
Answer: the Green Monster [prompt on the left field wall at Fenway Park; prompt on partial answer]
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In one of this man's novels, Ralph, the former governor of Isabella, laments "the shipwreck which all my life I had sought to avoid." His earlier novels include The Suffrage of Elvira and The Mystic Masseur, while his short fiction is collected in A Flag on the Island. Richard cooks up the titular plan to have Excal employees visit retirees in Mr. Stone and the Knights Companion, while in another novel Popo, Hat, and Bogart are among the residents of Miguel Street. "One out of Many" and "Tell Me Who to Kill" along with the titular vignette make up In a Free State, while his better-known characters include a man who moves to Africa after buying a store from Nazruddin, Salim, and a journalist who wants nothing more than to own his own home. FTP name this Trinidadian author of A Bend in the River and A House for Mr. Biswas.
Answer: V.S. Naipaul
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The transcription factor of one type of these is encoded by Oct-4, which in a certain species disappears without the presence of leukemia inhibitory factor. That same type can develop into a teratoma if grafted onto normal tissue, while another type can be found in places like the olfactory bulb and hippocampus. Hematopoietic ones, which were discovered in 1963, and mesenchymal ones are present in bone marrow. A 2006 study co-authored by Robert Lanza suggests that certain ones restore visual function in dystrophic rats, and they are called pluripotent if they can develop into any derivative of the three primary germ layers. FTP, identify this type of undifferentiated cell that comes in adult and embryonic varieties.
Answer: stem cells
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The original version of one of his most famous works gave one title figure large, awkward feet and knees, and was rejected. His early works included The Music Party and the realistic Boy with a Basket of Fruit. The success of The Cardsharps, one of his first independent works, attracted the patronage of Cardinal Del Monte, for whom he painted The Lute Player. His most famous cycle of paintings is displayed in the Contarelli Chapel of San Luigi dei Francesi. His Death of the Virgin scandalously featured bared legs and a swollen belly, and his other religious works included The Deposition of Christ and a three-part cycle on Matthew the Evangelist, including St. Matthew's Vocation. FTP, identify this mannerist painter of Supper at Emmaus.
Answer: Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
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Two characters in this work are framed for murder after a foreigner tells them he has trapped a panther, leading them to a overgrown ditch near a bag of gold. One of those youths recognizes a dead body in the ditch by the ring on his finger, and the deceased's brother is convinced of their guilt by a letter written by Aaron the moor. Aaron's lover later disguises herself as Revenge, a friend to the title character, but he recognizes her as the Queen of the Goths and exhorts her two sons to stay while she runs an errand. He then avenges their rape of his daughter by binding Chiron and Demetrius and cutting their throats, draining their blood to include in a pie. At the subsequent dinner engagement the title character stabs Tamora, Saturninus stabs him, then Lucius stabs Saturninus, and Lucius emerges as the new Emperor of Rome. FTP name this first and bloodiest of Shakespeare's tragedies.
Answer: Titus Andronicus
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One emperor of this dynasty, who spent most of his rule traveling the country in disguise and learned Tibetan, ordered the execution of minister Liu Chin after piles of stolen gold and jewels were found in that man's house. During this time, the "literati painting" of the Wu School became prominent, and war against the Oyrat under Esen was lead by emperor Zhengtong's minister Wang Chen. The Yongle emperor coined the name Beijing during this period, and that city was occupied by Li Zicheng's peasant rebellion in the same year that this dynasty fell to the Jurchen. That same emperor dispatched the expedition of the Muslim eunuch admiral Zheng He during this dynasty which was established by Zhu Yuanzhang, the Hongwu Emperor, who overthrew the Mongols. FTP, name this Chinese dynasty which ruled from 1368 to 1644.
Answer: the Ming dynasty
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One of his plays, subtitled "Or, The Dumb Lady Cur'd," is an adaptation of Moliere's The Doctor in Spite of Himself, while in another Valentine and Wilding vie for the hand of Bellaria, who eventually marries Veromil. His obsession with crime led him to found a police squad known as the Bow Street Runners, who ultimately foiled the Cato Street Conspiracy, and one of his novels concerns a criminal's quest to send his friend Heartfree to the gallows. A notable short work concerns a young girl, called "creature" by her philandering husband, who constantly obsesses over her "vartue" and was the result of a feud with Samuel Richardson. Better-known novels include one chronicling the adventures of the title son of Mr. Wilson and his friend, Abraham Adams, and a novel in which Sophia Western loves the title foster son of Squire Allworthy. FTP name this author of Joseph Andrews and Tom Jones.
Answer: Henry Fielding
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Individuals with this condition have numerous abnormally long, thin dendritic spines. Females heterozygous for this may experience early menopause, while a less severe version of this was discovered to cause problems with balance and memory. Males with this condition often have abnormally large testicles, as well as weak builds and elongated faces. It is caused by a mutation in the FMR1 gene, which results in the methlyation-induced silencing of its namesake protein, FMRP. FTP name this most common inherited cause of mental retardation, which occurs when a certain sex chromosome has too many CGG repeats and is prone to break.
Answer: Fragile X Syndrome
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The latter part of his reign was marked by a turn towards mystic piety under the influence of Barbara Krudener, who inspired him to join the Bible Society and adopt a Quaker-derived "universal religion." Upon his accession, he formed the Neglasny Komitet, a group of legal advisors including Viktor Kochubey and Pavel Stroganov. His closed-coffin funeral following his death at Taganrog led to rumors that he faked his death to enter a monastery under the name of Kuzmich. He protested the seizure of the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg after a falling-out at Erfurt with an ally whom he had previously met at Tilsit, and his forces turned back Napoleon at the Battle of Borodino. Following his death, his brother Constantine refused the throne despite the urging of the Decembrists, leaving the succession to their brother Nicholas I. FTP, name this tsar who represented his own interests at the Congress of Vienna after succeeding his father Paul in 1796.
Answer: Alexander I Pavlovich [prompt on Alexander]
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TB. Diethyl malonate adds to these compounds in the presence of a base in the Bingel reaction, and pure solutions of them exhibit a deep purple color. Complexes of them with helium have been found in meteorites, and when complexed with alkali or alkali earth metals, they display superconductivity at relatively high temperatures. All of their atoms are sp2 hybridized, though one bond angle is strained to 108 degrees. Discovered when Kroto, Smalley, and Curl used a high power laser to vaporize an allotrope of them, nanotubes are essentially stretched versions of them. FTP name these compounds, the first example of which was C60, named for the creator of the shape they resemble, geodesic domes.
Answer: buckminsterfullerenes [or 'bucky balls']
 
2006 ACF Fall Bonuses by Yale C and Chicago A
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Identify these Supreme Court cases FTPE. [Note to moderator: accept the party names in reverse order for any answer below],
[10] In this 1919 case, the Supreme Court held that a Socialist did not have a constitutionally protected right to spread literature urging resistance to the draft. It was the birth of the "clear and present danger" doctrine.
Answer: Schenck v. United States
[10] In this 1964 precursor to Miranda, the Court ruled that arrested persons must be fully informed of their right to remain silent.
Answer: Escobedo v. Illinois
[10] In this 1992 case, from which Samuel Alito dissented as a circuit justice, the Supreme Court ruled that states had the right to regulate and restrict abortions, but stopped short of overturning Roe v. Wade..
Answer: Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey [accept Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania]
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FTPE, name these old-ass television shows with memorable theme songs.,
[10] "Sometimes you want to go/where everybody knows your name," such as the titular bar of this show, where Norm, Carla, Sam, and Cliff can be found.
Answer: Cheers
[10] "Who can turn the world on with her smile?" Apparently, the protagonist of this series about a news writer for WJM-TV in Minneapolis.
Answer: The Mary Tyler Moore Show
[10] Former All in the Family characters George and "Weezy" are "movin on up,/to the east side" in this spinoff showing the two interacting with student Lionel and maid Florence.
Answer: The Jeffersons
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They were originally described by the Rayleigh-Jeans Law, but that led to the UV catastrophe. FTPE:,
[10] Name these objects that are so named because they absorb all incident radiation and re-radiate it according to its properties and temperature.
Answer: blackbody
[10] The UV catastrophe was solved by this eponymous equation, which made use of Bose-Einstein statistics and made the assumption that electromagnetic modes in a blackbody were quantized.
Answer: Planck's Formula or Law, etc.
[10] This phenomenon, discovered by Penzias and Wilson as a remnant of the big bang, has been shown to correlate almost exactly with the spectrum of a perfect blackbody at around 2.7 degrees Kelvin.
Answer: cosmic microwave background radiation
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Minor characters include Bull Lee, a drugged-out guru in Louisiana, and Theresa, a Mexican girl with whom the protagonist lives for a time, FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel about the travels of Dean Moriarty and Sal Paradise.
Answer: On the Road
[10] Name the beat author of On the Road, who is also known for The Subterraneans and Big Sur.
Answer: Jack Kerouac
[10] The title characters of this other Kerouac novel include the spiritualist Japy Ryder and Cody Pomeray along with the protagonist, the author Raymond Smith. Its title reflects the characters' interest in Buddhist philosophy.
Answer: The Dharma Bums
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Given a description of a scientific scale, name that scale FTPE:,
[10] This is the scale that classifies tornado wind speeds; categories range from F-0 to, at least theoretically, F-6.
Answer: Fujita scale
[10] This scale is an empirical measure for determining wind velocity based on sea conditions. Winds are classified from 0 to 12, with 12 being hurricane force or higher gales.
Answer: Beaufort scale
[10] This scale for measuring earthquakes doesn't have any objective geological standards -- rather, earthquakes are classified from 1 to 12 based on the damage they inflict. Category 2 earthquakes are called "feeble", Category 12 are catastrophic.
Answer: Mercalli scale
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Name the following types of markets FTPE.,
[10] Firms in this market structure, with many buyers and sellers, face free entry and produce goods that are similar but not perfect substitutes, and they can have small market shares to influence price.
Answer: monopolistic competition
[10] In this type of market, no producer or consumer can influence prices, and all sellers carry identical goods, with buyers having sufficient knowledge. It also has free entry and exit.
Answer: perfect competition or pure competition
[10] This is a market with only one buyer, facing many sellers. Coined by Joan Robinson, an example of this market structure could be de Beers in the diamond trade.
Answer: Monopsony
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Name the following characters Alice meets in Through the Looking Glass FTPE:,
[10] Alice meets these two similarly-named characters from a John Byrom nursery rhyme. Although physically twins, they are extremely argumentative contrarians.
Answer: Tweedledum and Tweedledee
[10] University of Chicago evolutionary biologist Leigh Van Valen has named a theory of molecular evolution after this villainous card character, whom Alice finally captures in a game of chess.
Answer: Red Queen
[10] This is the name of Alice's cat, who makes an appearance in Through the Looking Glass with her two kittens.
Answer: Dinah
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Name these Revolutionary War battles FTPE.,
[10] In this August 1780 battle, General Cornwallis smashed Horatio Gates, ending Gates's career and briefly winning mastery of the Carolinas.
Answer: Camden
[10] British control of the Carolinas proved short-lived, ending with this November 1780 battle, in which American forces defeated a Loyalist militia sent to police South Carolina.
Answer: Kings Mountain
[10] In this September 11, 1777 battle, General Howe outflanked George Washington, allowing him to march into Philadelphia unopposed.
Answer: Brandywine
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Works of Bertolt Brecht from descriptions FTPE.,
[10] This ballad-opera containing music by Kurt Weill condemns the decadent capitalist society of the day as responsible for creating a criminal underworld. It is an adaptation of John Gay's The Beggar's Opera.
Answer: The Threepenny Opera
[10] In this Brecht play Anna Frieling, given the title nickname for a wild drive through Riga, sells supplies to both armies in the Thirty Years War.
Answer: The Private Life of the Master Race
[10] This Chinese parable depicts the titular prostitute as the only person to give three disillusioned gods shelter when they come to Earth. Portraying her fall to bankruptcy and the ruthless means she uses to regain her wealth, the play criticizes a social order in which a good person must be bad to survive.
Answer: The Good Woman of Setzuan
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This building's original design included a repeating motif of a portico between two pillars below three windows, with niches on the ground floor. FTPE,,
[10] Name this building finished by Buontalenti and Parigi, now a museum home to such works as Uccelo's Battle of San Romano and Botticelli's Primavera and Birth of Venus.
Answer: Uffizi Palace or Palazzo degli Uffizi
[10] This man designed the original plan for the Uffizi and a namesake corridor connecting the Palazzo Vecchio with the Pitti Palace. He also wrote The Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects.
Answer: Giorgio Vasari
[10] Vasari painted a fresco cycle in the Cancelleria based on events in the life of this pope, who was depicted by Titian with his grandsons.
Answer: Pope Paul III or Alessandro Farnese
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Identify the following types of mimicry for ten points each.,
[10] In this type of mimicry, the mimic both resembles the mimiced species and shares the related attribute. Examples include the similar coloration of bees and wasps.
Answer: Mullerian mimicry
[10] In this type of mimicry, the mimic resembles a harmless creature in order to lure prey.
Answer: Aggressive mimicry
[10] In this type of mimicry, the mimic resembles the mimiced species but does not share the related attribute. Examples include the similar coloration of Coral Snakes and King Snakes.
Answer: Batesian mimicry
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Identify these allies of Adolf Hitler FTPE.,
[10] When Hitler invaded Norway, he left this Norwegian fascist in charge. His name has become a synonym for traitor.
Answer: Vidkun Quisling
[10] This Romanian dictator, who came to power in 1940 by forcing the abdication of King Carol, established the National Legionary State, which shipped thousands of his own people to Nazi death camps. He was executed by the Communist regime.
Answer: Ion Antonescu
[10] This Austrian Nazi leader conspired with the Germans to facilitate the Anschluss and was later executed by the Allies for his actions as commissioner of the Netherlands.
Answer: Arthur Seyss-Inquart
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Name some random operas, FTPE.,
[10] Famous arias of this include Musetta's waltz and Che Gelida Manina. Set in Paris, it tells of the love story of Rodolfo and Mimi, an invalid who dies of consmption.
Answer: La Boheme
[10] This opera's most famous scene occurs in the dungeon, where Florestan sees a vision of Leonore as an agent of salvation.
Answer: Fidelio
[10] It is the story of the Adina, the town beauty, falling in love with Nemorino the buffoon. Originally spurning his advances, she changes her mind after Dr. Dulcamara pays a visit with the titular object.
Answer: The Elixir of Love
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The value for this property increases as you go up and to the right on the periodic table. FTPE:,
[10] Name this property defined as the ability of an atom to attract electrons to itself as part of a chemical compound.
Answer: electronegativity
[10] In this scale of electronegativity, its value is defined as the average of an atom's ionization energy and electron affinity. It results in a value of 3.9 for fluorine and 0.5 for cesium.
Answer: Mulliken scale
[10] In this widely used scale, fluorine is given a value of 3.98 and cesium 0.79. It was devised by the man who was known for work on The Nature of the Chemical Bond and won Nobel Prizes in both chemistry and for peace.
Answer: Pauling
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Answer the following questions related to sound waves FTPE.,
[10] Sound waves are longitudinal waves consisting of alternating regions of high pressure, known as condensations, and low pressure, known as this term.
Answer: rarefactions
[10] To humans, sound waves are generally characterized by their pitch, loudness, and this term, also known as the quality, which is determined by harmonic content of the wave and other characteristics.
Answer: timbre
[10] For this kind of wave to occur in a tube open on one end, there must be a pressure node, but displacement anti-node, at the open end.
Answer: standing wave
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Identify the following about an author FTPE:,
[10] Daisy Miller and The Bostonians are among the novels of this expatriate author, also known for The Turn of the Screw.
Answer: Henry James
[10] This James novel concerns the liberation of Catherine Sloper, who decides not to marry Morris Townsend after her wealthy father dies. The titular fashionable residential district in New York City was a childhood home of James.
Answer: Washington Square
[10] This experimental novel of James deals with Owen Gereth's refusal to marry Fleda Vetch and his mother's subsequent removal of the titular art and furniture collection from the house. After Owen marries Mona Brigstock, he offers Fleda any object from this collection, but the house has been destroyed in an accidental fire.
Answer: The Spoils of Poynton
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Answer the following about the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire, FTPE.,
[10] This church built during the reign of Justinian I, which was once the center of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, was converted into a mosque after the conquest.
Answer: Hagia Sophia
[10] This sultan led the conquest of Constantinople, making it the capital of an already extensive empire in Europe and Asia.
Answer: Mehmed II [or Mehmed the Conqueror; prompt on partial answer]
[10] The death of Constantine XI during the battle brought an end to the two hundred year rule of this final dynasty of Byzantine emperors.
Answer: Paleologus [or Paleologi]
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Name these swords of European legend, FTPE.,
[10] King Arthur lost this sword's scabbard, which protected its owner from wounds.
Answer: Excalibur or Caliburn or Caledfwlch
[10] Grendel's mom has got it going on - she's even unaffected by this sword that belonged to Unferth.
Answer: Hrunting
[10] The sword Cortana is of the same steel and temper as Joyeuse and this other sword of French legend, which was discarded after the Battle of Roncevaux Pass.
Answer: Durandal or Durlindana

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