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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by Yale A + Michigan
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The speaker of this poem discusses the "gleams of half-extinguished thought" which makes "the picture of the mind revive again" and allows him to recognize the "still, sad music of humanity." The speaker hopes that another's person's memories of "wild ecstasies shall be matured / Into a sober pleasure" and form in her mind a "mansion for all lovely forms." The speaker concludes that "this green pastoral scene" has grown "More dear" to him after "Five years have past" since he first visited the title location with his sister Dorothy. For 10 points, name this poem named for an abandoned monastic building by William Wordsworth.
Answer: "Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey"
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One of these particles exchanges a virtual photon with an electron in Bhabha scattering, and along with a neutrino, one of these is a side product of the creation of deuterium in the proton-proton chain. A pion and one of these particles should result from proton decay, and their appearance under normal circumstances will immediately result in the creation of a photon with 511 keV of energy. They were first postulated as negative energy solutions to a namesake wave equation by Paul Dirac, and they were discovered in 1932 by Carl Anderson. For 10 points, name this spin- particle with positive charge, the antiparticle of the electron.
Answer: positrons [accept beta-plus particle; accept antielectron before "electron" is read]
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He offered four variations on a "sighing" theme in the "Variazioni" section of a work featuring movements inspired by the Alborada and Fandango dances, while King Dodon is advised about the Queen of Shemakha by the title mystical object of one opera. Along with Capriccio Espagnol and The Golden Cockerel, he used terse violin cadenzas representing the light emanating from Christ's tomb to separate the sections of his Russian Easter Festival Overture and the bass motif of the sultan is contrasted with the violin motif of the title character in a work based on The Arabian Nights. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of Scheherazade and "Flight of the Bumble Bee."
Answer: Nicolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
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A morning fog at this battle concealed the initial advance of St. Hilaire and Vandamme. The attackers' disastrous plan to attack the defenders' purposely weakened right flank was designed by Weyrother, and it allowed Soult to lead a charge straight up the opponents' center, taking the Pratzen Heights from Kutuzov. Its aftermath saw the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine after the Treaty of Pressburg dissolved the Holy Roman Empire. For 10 points, name this battle in which a joint force under Francis II and Alexander I was defeated by Napoleon, also called the Battle of the Three Emperors.
Answer: Battle of Austerlitz [accept Battle of the Three Emperors before it is read]
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Robert Kapsis argued that it was low in certain communities in his article on Black Ghetto Diversity and it. In an article by Gary Lee entitled Marriage and this, Lee references a version of this concept which attempts to explain the criminal tendency to act upon any opportunity for income, even when illegal. That version was developed by Robert Merton, who wrote Social Structure and this. It was identified as a result of religion's decreasing importance in society and of the modern division of labor. For 10 points, name this breakdown of social norms resulting in a feeling of lack of purpose, one of the four major causes of suicide identified by Emile Durkheim.
Answer: anomie
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In this modern-day country's north, the Tatra Mountains include its highest point, Gerlachovsky Stit, and include numerous hiking and skiing attractions. The Vah river originates in its Tatras Mountains, and flows West and then South past cities such as Trencin and Zilina. The Spis castle is located in the Kosice region, while Presov is the third largest city in this country, and is home to a salt mine. This country's western border is formed by the Morava River, which also forms part of its southwestern border with Austria. For 10 points, name this country also bordered by Hungary, Ukraine, and Poland with its capital at Bratislava, and was once paired with the Czech Republic.
Answer: Slovakia [or Slovak Republic; or Slovenska Republica; do not accept "Czechoslovakia"]
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This man inspired Giles Deleuze's formulation of the concept of "the plane of immanence." His early work, On the Improvement of Understanding, influenced a later work that introduced his concepts of mode, attribute, and substance. He asserted that Ezra was the primary author of the Old Testament and miracles could be explained naturally in a work arguing that freedom of ideas encourages a secure state, Theological-Political Treatise. One of his works features the section "Of Human Bondage," uses the phrase "God or Nature" to explain Pantheism, and is written in "geometrical order." For 10 points, name this Rationalist philosopher, who wrote Ethics.
Answer: Baruch Spinoza [or Benedict Spinoza; accept Espinosa instead of "Spinoza"]
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A cleft-like structure sometimes remains in Rathke's pouch which forms its pars tubullaris and pars distillaris, and infarction of this organ occurring during pregnancies is known as Sheehan's syndrome. It is situated in a depression in the sphenoid bone called sella turcica. Its adenohypophysis is divided into acidophil, basophile, and chromophobe regions, and herring bodies are found on the axons of the neurons that connect it to the hypothalamus. Divided into an anterior and posterior lobe, for 10 points, name this organ often called "master gland" which secretes prolactin and growth hormone, and is located at the base of the brain.
Answer: pituitary gland
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A piece of fan fiction about this game is subtitled "Repercussions of Evil" and revolves around John Stalvern. Spider Masterminds and Revenants were missing from its N64 version, though that game did contain the Laser of the Unmaker. Its first sequel added the Megasphere and ended when the player killed the Icon of Sin by shooting rockets into its brain; that sequel was subtitled Hell on Earth. Its shareware version consisted of the episode Knee Deep in the Dead, which began with the vanishing of Deimos and the arrival of demons on Phobos. For 10 points, identify this id Software FPS, in which the BFG 9000 is among the weapons used by the player, a Space Marine.
Answer: DOOM [accept Doom 64 or Doom II on the relevant clues]
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In one of his works Orual describes her sister Psyche's romance with Cupid, and another novel centers on Elwin Ransom's mission to Mars to stop Professor Weston from corrupting the new Adam and Eve. In addition to Till We Have Faces and Perelandra, which forms a trilogy with That Hideous Strength and Out of the Silent Planet, one of his characters is annoyed that his nephew never learned the "Law of Undulation," from Slubgob at Training College before berating Wormwood for failing as a tempter. For 10 points, name author of The Screwtape Letters, who wrote about the Pevensie children in his Narnia series.
Answer: Clive Staples Lewis
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Prior to this battle, the Hornet and Enterprise were sent on a surprise bombing mission, leaving them out of the US fleet. The other side in this battle wished to secure the island of Tulagi and its harbor. On May 7, the first major day of battle, the Kikuzuki and the Shoho were both destroyed, and the next day the Shokaku was forced to retreat. The Yorktown escaped major damage from the Japanese attack, but the Lexington was destroyed. For 10 points, name this battle fought over control of Port Moresby, a 1942 naval battle that notably featured no ship-to-ship combat, fought in a namesake body of water that is home to the Great Barrier Reef.
Answer: Battle of the Coral Sea
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Triangular patterns can be seen on the hat of one figure in this painting who wears a set of beads with a cross, and diagonal lines connect the eyes of the two most prominent figures of this painting, one of whom feeds the other a flower. A face peeks out of an orthodox church in the background of this work whose top right contains five houses, two of which are upside down. A woman can be seen milking a goat, and in another portion, a man with a scythe walks to the right as an upside down woman points the way. Depicting the artist's hometown in Vitebsk, Belarus, for 10 points, name this painting by Marc Chagall.
Answer: I and the Village
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Early in this man's reign he faced revolts from Theobald IV of Champaign and Pierre Mauclerc, and his biographer was Jean de Joinville. He defeated Hugh of Lusignan and the English at the Battle of Taillebourg, and with James I of Aragon he signed the Treaty of Corbeil. With a Treaty of Paris he ensured Languedoc would become a royal possession, ending the Albigensian Crusade, and he constructed the Sainte-Chapelle. This son of Blanche of Castille captured Damietta before failing to take Cairo, ending the Seventh Crusade. For 10 points, name this only French king to be canonized.
Answer: Louis IX [or Louis II of Artois; prompt on Saint Louis]
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The propensity of nitroso compounds to participate in a variant of this reaction has been used to synthesize oxazine derivatives. Another variant of this reaction yields 2,3-dihydro-4-pyridones and uses a compound named for Danishefsky. In addition to that `aza' variation, this reaction is usually thermodynamically favorable since it sees the formation two sigma bonds from pi bonds. Under kinetic control, it preferentially yields an endo product, and one component must be in the s-cis conformation for the reaction to occur. For 10 points, name this cycloaddition reaction in which a diene reacts with a dienophile to produce a ring and is named after two German chemists.
Answer: Diels-Alder Reaction [accept nitroso Diels-Alder, aza Diels-Alder, etc.]
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Early in his life, this man built the Miramar Castle near Trieste, and was appointed Governor-General to the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia by his brother. Upon reaching his more famous position of power, he quickly nullified all large debts owed by peasants and banned corporal punishment. In attempt to solidify his position this brother of Francis Joseph I and husband of Carlota adopted the grandson of Augustin de Iturbide, but he was still defeated and killed at Queretaro by the forces of Benito Juarez. For 10 points, name this Habsburg who Napoleon III placed on the throne of Mexico.
Answer: Emperor or Archduke Maximilian I of Mexico
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He developed the "chicken-claw" floor plan for his theorized "Cartesian skyscraper." His buildings include the Curuchet House in Argentina, and he and Nicolai Kolli designed Moscow's Tsentrosoyuz Building. His three furniture types include "type-needs" and "human-limb," and he helped reconstruct the port of Marseilles, which included his first Unite d'Habitation. He enumerated his "five points" in his Towards a New Architecture, and other works of his include a concrete church in Ronchamp and a house mounted on piloti, typical of his International Style. For 10 points, name this Swiss-French architect of the Notre Dame du Haut and the Villa Savoye.
Answer: Le Corbusier [accept Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris]
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One work set in this country ends when the dog Aesop is shot by his owner Thomas Glahn, while the title character of a trilogy about this country assists in the murder of Eline to marry a knight in the first part entitled The Wreath. In another work from this country The People's Herald withdraws its support for Dr. Stockmann's claim that the bathes are contaminating the local water, and in another work Nils Krogstad's blackmail leads to Nora leaving her husband Torvald Helmer. For 10 points, An Enemy of the People and A Doll's House are set in this country, the home of Knut Hamsun, Sigrid Undset, and Henrik Ibsen.
Answer: Norway
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This composer wrote the aria "Quand nos bourgeons se rouvriront" about the Belgian defense on the Ypres in his A Voice in the Desert, while a famous "nobilmente" features in his first symphony in A-flat dedicated to Hans Richter. Jacqueline du Pre popularized his cello concerto in E minor, and a Cardinal Newman poem is the basis for his oratorio The Dreams of Gerontius. An argument about Sonata Pathetique with Augustus Jaeger was depicted in the "Nimrod" section of a work thought to be inspired by "Auld Lang Syne." For 10 points, name this English composer of the Enigma Variations and Pomp and Circumstance.
Answer: Edward Elgar
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A type of these objects located at the "tip" of their namesake "branch" are used as standard candles. The occurrence of a degenerate core causes them to increase temperature very rapidly while maintaining their volumes, which results in the "helium flash," after which convert three helium nuclei to a carbon-12 nucleus via a Beryllium intermediate in the triple alpha process. Eventually, their outer regions expand to form a planetary nebula, after which they become white dwarves. For 10 points, identify these stars exemplified by Arcturus, whose cool temperatures are the cause of their namesake color.
Answer: red giants
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One of his paintings features a woman in black on the left with her two daughters and a man sitting in a chair facing the trio. In addition to a Portrait of Bellili Family, he also painted Semiramis Building Babylon and Place de la Concorde. This man also depicted some Jewish bankers in his At the Stock Exchange, and some members of his family can be seen trading the titular commodity in his New Orleans Cotton Exchange, but he is better known for depicting a woman sitting beside a man smoking a pipe with the titular beverage on her table. For 10 points, identify this impressionist painter of L' Absinthe and several sculptures and paintings of ballet dancers.
Answer: Hillaire Germaine Edgar Degas
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TB. In one of his short stories, Paul Kovel tries to help his crazy neighbor Timothy Stokes, who believes he is a werewolf. Along with Werewolves in their Youth and A Model World, he wrote about the son of the gangster "Joe the Egg," who is torn between his attraction to Arthur Lecompte and Phlox Lombardi in The Mysteries of Pittsburgh. James Leer steals the jacket worn by Marilyn Monroe at her wedding from Richard Gaskell in a novel centering on Grady Tripp, and the title characters of another of his novels create the comic book hero The Escapist. For 10 points, name this American author of Wonder Boys and The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier and Clay.
Answer: Michael Chabon
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by Yale A + Michigan
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Name these curves from economics, for 10 points each.,
[10] Plotting percent of income distributed among percent of households, this curve illustrates the inequality of the distribution of income between households with this curve below the line of equality.
Answer: Lorenz curve
[10] This curve plots revenue versus tax rate, showing that increasing tax rates can decrease revenue, as incentive to work goes down. It was famously drawn on a napkin.
Answer: Laffer curve
[10] Points on these curves correspond to amounts of goods that people have equal utility for, and thus they have no preference for one point over another.
Answer: indifference curves
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Name these victims of ostracism in fifth century BCE Athens, for 10 points each.,
[10] This founder of the Athenian fleet and naval commander at Salamis was ostracized in 470 BCE due to the belief he was becoming too powerful in the wake of fortifying Athens and founding Piraeus.
Answer: Themistocles
[10] Leader of the aristocratic party and main rival of Pericles, this man was ostracized in 461 BCE for helping Sparta quell a helot revolt.
Answer: Cimon
[10] This man's grandfather of the same name was ostracized in 460 BCE. He advocated the Sicilian expedition during the Peloponnesian War, but was forced to flee to Sparta when it began.
Answer: Alcibiades
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One part of them receives blood from the afferent arterioles and is composed of mesangial cells. That structure is the glomerulus, which is surrounded by the Bowman's capsule. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these functional units of a certain organ. These units consist of the pars convoluta, pars recta, and another sub-structure where the macula densa touches the juxtoglomerular apparatus.
Answer: nephrons
[10] Nephrons are the functional units of these bean shaped organs responsible for filtering the blood.
Answer: kidney
[10] This part of the renal tubule extends into and out of the renal medulla in a U shape. Its ascending limb is thicker the descending limb, and they serve to increase the osmolarity of urine.
Answer: loop of Henle
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Elihu Willsson's son Donald is murdered once he loses control of the gangsters Max Thaler and Reno Starkey, who he had hired to scare a union in Personville in one of this man's novels. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American author who wrote about the Continental Op in Red Harvest and The Dain Curse.
Answer: Dashiell Hammett
[10] Miss Wonderley enlists Miles Archer and Sam Spade to follow Floyd thursby at the beginning of this Dashiell Hammett novel.
Answer: The Maltese Falcon
[10] The detective duo Nick and Nora Charles discover that Herbert Macaulay framed Gilbert Wynant for the murder of Julia Wolf in this Hammett work.
Answer: The Thin Man
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Siberut and Sipura are a part of the Mentawai islands which lie to the west of this large island. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this island home to the Bengkulu and Aceh provinces, separated from the Asian mainland by the Strait of Malacca.
Answer: Sumatra [or Sumatera]
[10] Sumatra belongs to this Asian island nation, as do Java, Bali, and Borneo.
Answer: Republic of Indonesia
[10] Located between the islands of Java and Sumatra in the Sunda Straight is this massive volcanic island, which exploded devastatingly in 1883.
Answer: Krakatoa [or Krakatao; or Krakatowa]
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Identify some terms from Jainism, for 10 points each.,
[10] This great vow means "non-injury." To follow it, people must avoid harming or killing any living being through thoughts, words, or actions, and as a result of it, Jains are vegetarians.
Answer: Ahimsa
[10] The next of these enlightened being, considered a type of arhat, will be born in about 81,500 years. The first of the 24 of them was Rishabha, millions of years ago, and the most recent was Mahavira, founder of modern Jainism.
Answer: Tirthankaras [accept Jinas, prompt on fordmakers]
[10] This "sky-clad" sect of Jainism is notable for its monks' refusal to wear clothing and its belief that women cannot attain moksha. Svetambara monks, on the other hand, wear all-white robes.
Answer: Digambaras
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The protagonist finds the fortune of the Spada family through the directions of Abbe Faria. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about the vengeance of Edmond Dantes written by Alexandre Dumas.
Answer: The Count of Monte Cristo [accept Le Comte de Monte-Cristo]
[10] Dantes saves this family, who run the Marseille shipping firm that first employed Dantes from financial ruin. Its members include Julie, Maximallian, and Pierre.
Answer: Morrel
[10] Dumas also wrote three novels, including The Three Musketeers and Twenty Years After, that centered on this character, who is based on the historical figure Charles de Batz-Castelmore.
Answer: d'Artagnan
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Their greatest hit, "Rock You like a Hurricane," was used for roll call by the Mooninites on an episode of Aqua Teen Hunger Force. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German 80's rock group, which also had hits with "Wind of Change" and "Still Loving You."
Answer: Scorpions
[10] Earlier, Ignignokt and Err stole a belt with the powers of this 80's rock supergroup from Carl. Playing the song "Cold As Ice" froze Carl in place, while "Head Games" turned his head into a Connect Four set.
Answer: Foreigner
[10] Playing this song from the Foreigner Belt causes Meatwad to exclaim "I'm a lean, mean, ground beef machine!" The speaker "don't drive no big black car" and "don't like no Hollywood movie star."
Answer: "Dirty White Boy"
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Answer some questions about American financial crises, for 10 points each.,
[10] Chartered to stabilize the dollar, this bank weathered the Panic of 1819 and survived until Jackson refused to renew its charter. John Tyler vetoed a bill to reestablish it in 1841.
Answer: Second Bank of the United States
[10] A tax placed on a state branch of the Second Bank of the US resulted in this Supreme Court case that established Congress's implied powers.
Answer: McCulloch v. Maryland [accept in reverse order]
[10] The end of the bank's charter spurred on the Panic of 1837, which was compounded with this Andrew Jackson executive order that mandated that public lands must be purchased with gold or silver.
Answer: Specie Circular
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Electromagnetic waves can do interesting things when they hit stuff. Name some of those things, for 10 points each.,
[10] When a wave encounters an obstacle, this effect occurs as it bends around that obstacle. It is explained by Fresnel's modification of the Huygens Principle.
Answer: diffraction
[10] This law describes how x-rays diffract off of the faces of crystals. The Davisson-Germer experiment proved that it holds for electrons, showing wave-particle duality.
Answer: Bragg's Law
[10] When light bounces off of a material, a small number of the photons experience this inelastic scattering, having either a gain or loss in frequency.
Answer: Raman Scattering
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It was made possible by the gathering for the wedding of Henry of Navarre and Marguerite of Valois. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this event occurring on August 24, 1572, a certain feast day, which saw the murder of many Huguenot leaders in Paris.
Answer: St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
[10] The woman who ordered the massacre was Catherine, who hailed from this prominent Italian family. Her father was Lorenzo II of this family.
Answer: de Medici
[10] Crowned in 1560, this sickly and highly tractable son of Catherine de' Medici was king of France during the massacre. He was succeeded by his younger brother Henry III.
Answer: Charles IX
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Act II opens with the title character's wife receiving a glass elephant, after which she prophesies a time when luxury gives way to the simple virtues. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera which proclaims that "News Has a Kind of Mystery" following the "Landing of the Spirit of '76," and features "The Chairman Dances."
Answer: Nixon in China
[10]Nixon in Chinais an opera by this American composer, who commemorated the victims of 9/11 in his composition, On the Transmigration of Souls.
Answer: JohnCoolidge Adams
[10] Omar, Molqi, and Rambo are among the Palestinian terrorists, who lead the hijacking of The Achille Lauro and kill the title crippled Jewish man in this John Adams opera.
Answer: The Death of Klinghoffer
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Answer the following about American authors, who wrote their experience as ambulance drivers in the World War One. For 10 points each:,
[10] "The Wanderer," Surplice, and "Zoo-loo" are the members of a group that the narrator dubs "The Delectable Mountains" in this novel about an American ambulance driver, who is thrown into prison with his friend B.
Answer: The Enormous Room
[10] This experimental poet of The Enormous Room discussed a location "with up so many floating bells down" in "anyone lived in a pretty how town," which is found in his collection Tulips and Chimneys.
Answer: e. e. cummings [or Edward Estlin Cummings]
[10] He shared his wartime experience in the poem "Memorial Rain," which is in his collection Conquistador, while the vendors Nickles and Zuss play the roles of God and Satan in his modern retelling of the Job story, J.B. He also wrote the poem "You, Andrew Marvell."
Answer: Archibald MacLeish
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Aluminum oxide is not usually a valuable material, but impurities can greatly increase its value. For 10 points each:,
[10] One common form of crystalline aluminum oxide is known as this material, with a hardness of 9 on the Mohr's scale. When the presence of chromium impurities imparts a red color to it, it is called ruby.
Answer: corundum
[10] Pretty much any corundum containing mineral that isn't a ruby is known by this name. It is most commonly associated with a blue colored mineral.
Answer: Sapphire
[10] This class of aluminosilicates which usually contains sodium, potassium, or calcium, forms the most common group of minerals found in the earth. It is a major component of granites.
Answer: feldspar
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This philosophical text opens with a story recounting the fate of Robert-Francois Damiens, the would-be assassin of Louis XV. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work, whose two title concepts are discussed in relation to their occurrence in places such as schools, hospitals, and Bentham's "Panopticon."
Answer: Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison [accept Surveiller et Punir: Naissance de la Prison]
[10] This French philosopher wroteDiscipline and Punish, as well as The Birth of Sexualityand The Archaeology of Knowledge.
Answer: Michel Foucault
[10] Foucault discusses the relationship between language and representation in his discussion of Velasquez' Las Meninasin this work, whose title suggests a hierarchy of thought.
Answer: The Order of Things[or Les Mots et les choses]
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A dark skinned character can be seen pulling a horse at the bottom left of this work as the title figure looks on calmly in his bed. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this chaotic painting which depicts numerous nudes pleading with the titular Assyrian king before he burns his possessions.
Answer: The Death of Sardanapalus [or La Mort de Sardanapale]
[10] The Death of Sardanapalus was painted by this artist who also depicted the rape and pillage of the Greek Wars of Independence in his Massacre at Chios as well as the July 28 uprising in Liberty Leading the People.
Answer: Ferdinand Victor Eugene Delacroix
[10] This Delacroix painting depicts a horrified looking figure wearing red headgear as he watches some sinners trying to board the titular conveyance navigated by Phlegyas as the city of Dis burns in the background.
Answer: The Barque of Dante [or Dante and Virgil]
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They can be constructed by geometric analysis using Schreinemaker's method. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these constructs along which two states of matter exist in equilibrium. They have exactly one degree of freedom.
Answer: phase line [or curve; accept equivalents mentioning phase]
[10] This process, the reverse of deposition, occurs at temperatures and pressures below the triple point. In it a solid transforms into a gas, exemplified by dry ice.
Answer: sublimation
[10] This is element is notable for its sublimation. A complex formed by it and its potassium salt gives a blue-black color to indicate the presence of starch.
Answer: Iodine [accept: I]
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Most information about it comes from Al-Sadi's Tarikh as Sudan. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this empire led by people such as Askia Mohammed Toure and was centered around Gao near he Niger river.
Answer: Songhai Empire [or Songhay]
[10] This man ruled the Songhai empire from the 1460s to the early 1490s, and conquered the cities of Timbuktu and Jenne, thereby subjugating the clearly inferior Mali empire.
Answer: Sunni Ali Ber
[10] The Songhai empire came to an end at the Battle of Tondibi, where Ishaq II lost to forces led by Judar Pasha of this polity. It was then led by Ahmad al Mansur of the Saadi dynasty, and this empire gives its name to a modern-day country.
Answer: Morocco
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Name these works of J.S. Bach, for 10 points each.,
[10] A theme from Bach's rival Louis Marchand is used in the fifth one of this group of six musical works dedicated to the Margrave of the titular German state.
Answer: the Brandenburg Concertos [or Brandenburg Concerti]
[10] Alternatively titled "Be Still, Stop Chattering" in this work Schlendrian tries to prevent his daughter Lieschen from consuming the title caffeinated substance.
Answer: the Coffee Cantata
[10] Bach wrote a work about the "Art of" this contrapuntal style of music. He also paired one with a Tocatta in D Minor.
Answer: a fugue [or fuge]
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Name these creatures from Norse myth, for 10 points each.,
[10] Odin gives his food to a pair of these creatures named Geri and Freki. Two of them who attempt to eat the moon and the sun, Hati and Skoll, are sons of another of them, who was held in place by the chain Gleipnir.
Answer: a wolf [or wolves]
[10] The squirrel runs up and down Yggdrasil, carrying gossip and insults between Veorfolnir and Niohoggr.
Answer: Ratatoskr
[10] This cow licked a salty stone until it became a man, Buri. Her milk is the food of Ymir.
Answer: Audhumla
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Their name comes from the Gaelic for "mound." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these hills formed by glacial action, whose gently sloping narrow part points in the direction of ice flow. They are mostly made of till.
Answer: drumlin
[10] This is the name given to the loose rock deposited at the end of the glacier, and mark the farthest advance of a glacier.
Answer: terminal moraine [prompt on moraine]
[10] This is the bowl-shaped feature formed at the head of a glacial valley.
Answer: cirque

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