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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by UCSD + Princeton A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Sonny and his wife fix one of these objects belonging to the title character of a Eudora Welty short story. Boon steals one of these belonging to Lucius's grandfather, which Ned McCaslin later trades away in The Reivers. Madeleine and Valentine Gersbach lock June in one later responsible for the title character's injuries in Herzog, while the husband of Fran Voelker makes his money from selling these in the novel Dodsworth. Dwayne Hoover owns a place that sells one type of them in Vonnegut's Breakfast of Champions, and one mishandled by Daisy Buchanan causes Myrtle Wilson's death. For 10 points, Willy Loman commits suicide using this vehicle.
Answer: cars [or automobiles]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Section 4 of this law allows those injured in its violation to seek treble damages, which resulted in the case Kansas v. Utilicorp United Inc., and another section notes that "The labor of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce." It was amended by the Celler-Kefauver Act, and it notably does not regulate collective bargaining or picketing, and thus does not impact union activities like its predecessor, but it does prohibit mergers and acquisitions when they may be used to substantially lessen competition. For 10 points, name this act passed during the Wilson administration, the successor to the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Answer: Clayton Antitrust Act
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One portion of it alludes to Cicero's mention of a judge, who would routinely ask accusers "cui bono" or who benefits, from an action. In addition to considering the prevalence of ignorance in Of the Kingdom of Darkness, this work discusses a precursor of the ex post facto and states that "No law, made after a Fact done, can make it a Crime." It argues that there is no injustice in a state of war, clarifying that Bellum omnium contra omnes, or the war of all against all, is inevitable unless a strong sovereign is present, while its first section describes life in the state of nature as "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short". For 10 points, name this best-known work of Thomas Hobbes.
Answer: Leviathan, or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civil
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One character in this novel gets her fiancee a gift of a turtle with her initials encrusted in diamonds on its shell. The protagonist meets two prostitutes, who he nicknames "The Death's Head" and "The Sickly Child," during his trip to Ma Mayfield's "Old Hundredth," which ends badly when Boy Mulcaster gets arrested for drunk driving and Rex Mottram has to bail them out of jail. The deathbed repentance of Lord Marchmain leads the protagonist to end his affair with Julia Flyte. For 10 points, name this novel in which Sebastian first brings Charles Ryder to the titular Catholic estate, written by Evelyn Waugh.
Answer: Brideshead Revisited
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One song from their first release describes a man "trippin on his shoelace," "Psychopsilocybin." They created a song for Halo 2 titled "The Odyssey," and in one song by this band, the singer notes that "in this moment I am happy" before repeating the title. In a song from their A Crow Left of the Murder, lead singer Brandon Boyd claims that "you're no Jesus, yeah you're no fuckin' Elvis." Those songs by this non-Pink Floyd band are "Wish You Were Here" and "Megalomaniac." Another song by this group asks "Would you choose water over wine" and avers "Whatever tomorrow brings I'll be there." For 10 points, name this California band of the song "Drive."
Answer: Incubus
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This tradition was reformed by King Josiah, and the Second-Temple era service focused on Psalms 113 through 118. Traditional songs associated with this observance include Adir Hu and Had Gadya. Upon reciting the acronym "D'tzach adash b'achav," wine is spilled. The Magid begins with a discussion of "the bread of affliction", and also includes the tale of the Four Sons and the Four Questions. Also including the breaking of the middle matzah and hiding of the afikoman, the story of the Exodus is told before the meal is eaten. For 10 points, name this traditional Passover meal.
Answer: Passover Seder
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The Duhem-Margules equation can be used to derive it and a similar relation, and this law can be related to the Lewis-Randall rule by the Gibbs-Duhem equation. Its proportionality constant gives a relation between the chemical potential of solute atoms and infinite dilution; that constant is determined experimentally by measurements on a liquid-vapor equilibrium and the value depends on temperature as well as the solute-solvent pair involved. It explains decompression sickness in divers and the fizzing of soda when a bottle is opened. For 10 points, name this law of chemistry that relates the dissolved concentration of a gas to its partial pressure above the solvent.
Answer: Henry's law
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In this play the gossiping neighbor Daphne is excoriated by Madame Pernelle, and later the maid Dorine is criticized by the righteous Laurent for concealing a handkerchief in between the pages of her Bible. A casket containing secrets owned by the political exile Argas is exploited for blackmail by the title character, who earlier uses his influence to disinherit Damis and break Valere's engagement to Marianne. The title character is eventually banished from house after his unsuccessful seduction of Elmire is witnessed by Orgon. For 10 points, name this play about the titular hypocrite, written by Moliere.
Answer: Tartuffe
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This composer created one of the very first roles of the Lutheal instrument in his Tzigane, and his piano duet written for Mimi and Jean Godebski is entitled Mother Goose. "The Valley of Bells" and "A Boat on the Ocean" are two sections of his difficult Miroirs, and he included "Ondine" and "Le Gibet" in his piano work meant to be more difficult than Balakirev's Islamey, Gaspard de la nuit. The end of one work features an eight bar shift from C major to E major right before bass drum and cymbals make their first entrance reinforcing the ostinato first played by the snare drums. For 10 points, name this composer, who created Pavane for a Dead Princess and the repetitive Bolero.
Answer: Joseph-Maurice Ravel
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A conquest of this place by Ziyadat Allah I saw a sacking of Taormina, after which this place was controlled by the Aghlabid dynasty. The Mamertine mercenaries were brought here by Agathocles, and the Peace of Caltabellotta ended a war fought over this place that involved Charles the Lame and Roger of Lauria. That war began with a revolt led by John of Procida which fought against Charles of Anjou in favor of Peter III of Aragon. In addition to that revolt named for evening prayers, its namesake "Vespers," this place was grouped with Naples in the Kingdom of Two of this city. For 10 points, name this island separated by the Strait of Messina from mainland Italy.
Answer: Sicily
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A lesser-known method for scoring this test is known as Bohm's system. The more commonly used method, the Exner system, takes into account factors such as location, form, color, movement and frequency. An attempt to improve it is known as the Holtzman test, which provides more objective scoring criteria and increases the number of test items from ten to forty-five. The original ten test items consist of three multicolored figures, two black and red figure, and five black figures on white paper, all of which are open to interpretation. For 10 points, name this psychological test that asks participants to identify objects in ambiguous pictures that resemble drops of ink.
Answer: Rorschach Inkblot Test [prompt on Inkblot Test]
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This man painted a portrait of Cardinal Niccolo Albergati, while another of his works depicts St. George taking off a metal helmet as another man kneels by the Madonna and Child. Another work shows an angel with a crown flying over Virgin Mary, who is seated facing a Burgundian aristocrat. In addition to The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin this artist of Self Portrait with Red Turban worked with his brother on an altarpiece which depicts the Adoration of the Lamb, but is best known for depicting a man in a black dress and a woman in green holding hands in front of a mirror which reflects the artist painting the scene. For 10 points, identify this artist of The Arnolfini Marriage.
Answer: Jan van Eyck
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This man's father-in-law Idas kidnapped Marpessa and killed Castor. According to some accounts, this man killed the centaurs Hylaeus and Rhaecus, and his father may have been the man to introduce viniculture to Aetolia, Oeneus. It was Oeneus's omission of the sacrifice to Artemis that led to this man's greatest feat. He killed his uncles Toxeus and Plexippus after they were angry that he gave a hunting prize to his love; this led to his own death when his mother, Althaea, then cast the log which kept him alive onto the fire. For 10 points, name this Greek hero who loved Atalanta and slew the animal which Artemis sent to ravage his kingdom, the Calydonian Boar.
Answer: Meleager
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He wrote about the death of the Yardmaster in "Man on Pink Corner," which was included along with "The Cruel Redeemer Lazarus Morell" and a work about Monk Eastman in his A Universal History of Iniquity. He wrote about the scarred John Vincent Moon in "The Shape of the Sword" and of the death of a man with perfect memory in "Funes the Memorious." In another of this man's works, the narrator trades a rare Bible for the infinitely-long "Book of Sand," while in another, Dr. Albert is shot in the back by the double agent Yu Tsun. For 10 points, identify this author of "The Garden of Forking Paths," an Argentine who also wrote the collections El Aleph and Ficciones.
Answer: Jorge Luis Borges
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The Sangu and Feni are two rivers in a system which cuts through some namesake Hill Tracts of one of its cities, and the Mru, Chak, and Marma are indigenous peoples of this country. Seasonal lakes called "beels' form in the city of Sylhet in this nation. Bordered on the east by the states of Tripura and Meghalaya, it contains the seaport of Mongla and cities of Khulna, Rajshahi, and Chittagong. The eastern portions of the Sundarban forests can be found in this country which sees a large delta formed by the confluences of the Meghnad, Padma, and Jamuna river, also called the Ganga-Bramhaputra delta. For 10 points, name this nation with its capital at Dhaka.
Answer: People's Republic of Bangladesh
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One part of it contains the median aperture of Magendie and the lateral aperture of Luschka. Meckels cave is found in its outer layer, a strong fibrous connective tissue, contains a sickle-shaped partition known as the falx cerebri. One part of it contains filaments known as trabeculae that transverse the space between the inner and middle layers. Its three layers are known as dura matter, arachnoid and pia mater and inflammation of it due to viral or bacterial infection can be detected by a lumbar puncture. For 10 points, name this system of membranes that protects the central nervous system.
Answer: meninges [or meninx; accept arachnoid space until "Meckels"]
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This polity won a war which saw the defeat of the Retired Emperor Go-Toba and the appointing of jito in the losing side's provinces. That war, the Jokyu War, solidified control of this dynasty by the Hojo clan, It was aided by typhoons in repelling two sea-borne invasions of the Yuan Dynasty, spearheaded by Kublai Khan. Its downfall began with suicides of discontent Samurai after which Ashikaga Takauji assumed the title of shogun. Established after its founder defeated the Taira clan in the Gempei War, for 10 points, name this shogunate established by Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first Shogunate in Japanese history.
Answer: Kamakura Shogunate [accept "Bakufu" for "Shogunate"]
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The square of this quantity appears in the denominator of the Prandtl-Glauert equation, which breaks down when this quantity is around point seven or above, and it is related to pressure by the Rayleigh Pitot formula. For ideal gases it is equal to the square root of the Cauchy number, and when it exceeds one, decreasing the cross section of a tube will reduce the flow speed. For small values of this quantity, flow is incompressible, and it can be defined as the fluid velocity times the square root of density over the bulk modulus. This quantity reaches a critical value when speed equals 331 meters per second. For 10 points, name this ratio of an object's speed to the speed of sound.
Answer: Mach number
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This statement contributes to the repulsive one over r to the twelfth term in the Lennard-Jones Potential. Its rigorous statement requires that particles with half-integer spin have anti-symmetrical wave functions, and it also explains neutron degeneracy, which prevents smaller neutron stars from collapsing into black holes. The "+1" term seen in the denominator of the Fermi-Dirac distribution arises due to this statement, and bosons do not have to obey it, but fermions such as protons and electrons do. For 10 points, name this law of quantum mechanics, which states that no two identical fermions can occupy the same quantum state at the same time.
Answer: Pauli exclusion principle
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The final movement of this work features a coda that us described as "the tail that wags the dog." In the second movement the cello section is divided with two cellos playing muted instruments representing dripping water, while the rest of the section joins the double basses in playing pizzicato. A trio appears twice and is interrupted by a 2/4 scherzo each time in the third movement depicting a peasants' dance, and a cadenza featuring the oboe, flute, and clarinet represents bird songs in the second movement subtitled, "By a Brook." For 10 points, name symphony in F Major inspired by country life by Beethoven.
Answer: Pastoral Symphony [or Beethoven's Symphony Number 6 in F Major; accept just six after "Beethoven"]
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TB. This man served as chair of the Special Studies Project while advising the Governor of New York, Nelson Rockefeller, and he argued for a policy of "flexible response" as opposed to "massive retaliation" in his 1957 book Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy. This man supported Pakistan in its fight against Bangladesh and India, while his implementation of a South American assassination campaign, Operation Condor, led to his being accused of war crimes. However, he also won a Nobel Peace Prize he shared with Le Duc Tho for the U.S. ceasefire and withdrawal from Vietnam. For 10 points, name this Secretary of State under Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
Answer: Henry Alfred Kissinger [or Heinz Alfred Kissinger]
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by UCSD + Princeton A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It is a function of the indentation diameter and the applied force according to the Brinell scale. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this material property defined as the ability of a solid material to resist fractures or indentations, typically measured in units of pressure or on arbitrary scales such as the Rockwell scale.
Answer: hardness
[10] This hardness scale features a 1-10 range and uses a scratch test to compare a mineral's hardness to ten arbitrarily defined reference minerals.
Answer: Mohs scale of hardness
[10] This mineral has a hardness of 7 on the Moh's scale, and is made of crystalline silicon dioxide. It is the second most abundant mineral in the earth's crust after feldspar.
Answer: quartz
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The main character of this book refuses to approve of the Umuaro people's yam harvest because he's angry at being imprisoned. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this book in which Ezeulu refuses to become a "white man's chief", and his actions eventually lead his village to convert to Christianity after they decide that Ulu has abandoned them.
Answer: Arrow of God
[10] This author of Arrow of God, who was a harsh critic of racism in Heart of Darkness, is more famous for writing about the Umuofians Okonkwo and Nwoye in his Things Fall Apart.
Answer: Albert Chinualumogu "Chinua" Achebe
[10] In this sequel to Things Fall Apart, Obi Okonkwo takes a job in the Nigerian colonial civil service and begins taking bribes after the death of his mother Hannah.
Answer: No Longer at Ease
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the presidency of William Howard Taft, for 10 points each.,
[10] Taft came under heavy criticism for firing Gifford Pinchot, a conservationist ally of Roosevelt's, who accused Richard Ballinger of being in league with big timber groups. Ballinger served in this cabinet position under Taft.
Answer: Secretary of the Interior [accept Interior Secretary; or Department of the Interior]
[10] This term refers to a "peaceful and economic" approach to foreign policy by the Taft administration. It was used to secure the Panama Canal, to interfere in Honduras and Nicaragua, and to loan money to Liberia.
Answer: Dollar Diplomacy
[10] Taft further alienated Progressives by supervising the passage of this doubly-eponymous tariff in 1909. Its protectionism would be further weakened by the Underwood Tariff, passed a few years later.
Answer: Payne-Aldrich Tariff
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Stormy weather can be seen to the right of this painting as an otherwise calm man in grey trousers tries to stay in his sail-less boat. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this painting which depicts a black man in a boat which is encircled by sharks.
Answer: The Gulf Stream
[10] The Gulf Stream is a painting by this member of the Hudson River school, who depicted a man walking his two dogs in On the Trail.
Answer: Winslow Homer
[10] Asher Durand's Kindred Spirits depicts this other Hudson River school painter along with William Cullen Bryant in the Catskills. He also painted The Course of Empire series.
Answer: Thomas Cole
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Answer the following about French-language operas, for 10 points each.,
[10] This opera features such characters as Don Jose and Escamillo and arias such as the Toreador Song and Habanera. It is about a gypsy girl working at a cigarette factory, and was written by Georges Bizet.
Answer: Carmen
[10] The monk Athanael realizes that his attempts to convert a courtesan from Alexandria derived from lust not piety in this man's opera Thais, and he also created the operas Werther and Manon.
Answer: Jules Massenet
[10] This opera by Jacques Offenbach is based on three stories by its namesake author. One story centers on the mechanical doll, Olympia, who is created by the evil scientist Coppelius.
Answer: The Tales of Hoffmann [or Les contes d'Hoffmann]
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This author wrote about a man, who posthumously publishes Russ Brisenden's final novel "Ephemera," and begins his career as a writer to impress Ruth Morse in the novel Martin Eden. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author, who wrote about Tom King's craving for the title meal in "Piece of Steak", and another about a guy who gets his just desserts for laughing at the old man at Sulphur Creek in "To Build a Fire".
Answer: Jack London
[10] The title Oligarchy in this London novel takes control of the United States. The Oligarchy directs the construction of the wonder-city Asgard, in which thousands of proletarians live in poverty in this work.
Answer: The Iron Heel
[10] John Thornton nurses Buck back to health in this work. Buck later kills several Indians responsible for Thornton's death, and returns to the site once a year to deliver a long, piercing cry.
Answer: The Call of the Wild
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some Old Testament prophets, for 10 points each.,
[10] This son of Amoz prophesied during the reign of Hezekiah. He counseled for passive resistance against the Assyrian invasion and described the herald of the Messiah as "a voice crying out in the wilderness."
Answer: Isaiah [accept Yesayahu, Esaias, or Ashiya]
[10] The accomplishments of this priest, the son of Buzi, include bringing some Judean youths executed by Nebuchadnezzar back to life and having a vision of God appearing in a chariot, or merkabah, pulled by four chayot.
Answer: Ezekiel [accept Yehezkel]
[10] This other prophet was well known for interpreting dreams, and he was thrown into the lion's den for not worshipping Cyrus. He also notably interpreted the words "mene, mene, tekel, parsin."
Answer: Daniel [accept Daniyyel, Daniyal, or Danial]
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Entertainingly named ones include the Bull of Poniatowski and Job's Coffin. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this term for a pattern of stars that is not one of the 88 constellations.
Answer: Asterism
[10] The brightest star of this three star asterism, Alnilam, is named after the Arabic phrase for "String of Pearls." The other two ones include Alnitak and Mintaka.
Answer: Orion's Belt [or Belt of Orion]
[10] This asterism comprises of three stars: Deneb, Vega, and Altair, which are the brightest ones of the constellations Cygnus, Lyra, and Aquila. Part of the star field for the Kepler mission is located here.
Answer: Summer Triangle
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One ruler of this polity, Bindusara, made the philosopher Chanakya as his prime minister. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this dynasty founded by a Chandragupta who expanded from the kingdom of Magadha. It stretched from South India to Afghanistan with a capital city at Pataliputra.
Answer: Maurya Empire [or Dynasty, Kingdom, etc.]
[10] Perhaps the most famous ruler of the Maurya Empire is this one who encouraged the spread of Buddhism after converting himself in the aftermath of the war with Kalinga, and who erected a namesake lion pillar at Sarnath.
Answer: Ashoka the Great [or Asoka; accept Devanampriya Priyadarsi; prompt on Dhamma]
[10] The Mauryan Empire was recorded by Megasthenes, an ambassador for Seleucis Nicator, whose namesake Empire controlled lands that had originally be conquered by this man, who won the Battle of Gaugamela. ANSWER: Alexander the Great [or Alexander III of Macedon; prompt on Alexander; accept Megas Alexandros]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author described the life of Colin Clout over the course of a year in the Shepheardes Calendar. For 10 points each:,
[10] "Complaints" and "Prothalamion" are among the works of this poet, whose most famous work features the character, Gloriana, based on Elizabeth I.
Answer: Edmund Spenser
[10] Gloriana is the title character of this unfinished Spenser epic, which features Britomart and the Red Cross Knight.
Answer: The Faerie Queen
[10] Spenser compares "lily hands" to "captives trembling at the victor's sight" in the first of this series of love sonnets that describe his relationship with Elizabeth Boyle.
Answer: Amoretti
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some people involved with the travesty that was the pre-2008 modern Miami Dolphins for 10 points each.,
[10] Noted for violating the NFL's substance abuse policy roughly eleven thousand times, this dreadlocked Dolphins running back also briefly retired from football, sitting out the 2004 season to study Ayurveda.
Answer: Errick Lynne "Ricky" Williams
[10] This former LSU and current Alabama coach helmed the Dolphins during the 2005 and 2006 seasons, during which Daunte Culpepper's injuries placed the team in the hands of Joey Harrington and Cleo Lemon.
Answer: Nicholas Lou "Nick" Saban
[10] Currently underachieving at Pitt, this completely incompetent former Bears coach made some terrible decisions while with the Dolphins, burning out Lamar Smith in a 2000 playoff game and trading a second round draft choice for A.J. Feeley.
Answer: Dave Wannstedt [prompt on how does that dude still have a job?! or equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, name these political philosophers throughout the ages.,
[10] This medieval historian's seminal work in economics, philosophy, and politics is his Muqaddimah. Author of the Kitab al-Ibar, he made extensive note of power struggles in the desert towns of his homeland, Tunisia.
Answer: Ibn Khaldoun, Abu Zayd `Abdu r-Rahman bin Muhammad bin Khaldun Al-Hadrami
[10] This man compared his society to the title one in his Considerations on the Causes of the Grandeur and Decadence of the Romans. He also wrote The Spirit of the Laws and the Persian Letters.
Answer: Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brede et de Montesquieu
[10] This man argued that England should relax its religious restriction laws in A Letter Concerning Toleration, and he also wrote Two Treatises of Government.
Answer: John Locke
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was independently developed by a Frenchman and an American. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this process, invented in the 1880s, which isolates aluminum from alumina by passing a direct electric.
Answer: Hall-Heroult process [or Hall-Heroult process]
[10] The addition of this sodium-aluminum compound lowers the melting temperature of alumina, which is what makes the Hall-Heroult process so attractive.
Answer: cryolite [accept Na3AlF6]
[10] The principle source of aluminum oxide used in the Hall Process is this rock, comprised of a mixture of the minerals gibbsite, diaspore and boehmite.
Answer: Bauxite
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He painted a gaudily dressed couple with a tugging dog at the lady's side in Mr. and Mrs. William Hallet. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this artist whose better-known works include one of a man with a shotgun under his arm, dog by his side, and sixteen year old bride looking bored, Mr. and Mrs. Andrews.
Answer: Thomas Gainsborough
[10] Gainsborough is best known for this painting of a hardware merchant's upstart son, Jonathan Buttall, who is predominantly dressed in the title color.
Answer: The Blue Boy
[10] This rival of Gainsborough was the first President of the Royal Academy. His works include Colonel Acland and Lord Sydney, portraits of Oliver Goldsmith and Robert Clive, and Sarah Siddons as the Tragic Muse.
Answer: Sir Joshua Reynolds
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He defeated the giant Beli with an antler after his servant Skirnir took his magic sword to help him woo Gerd. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Vanir god and son of Njord, who owned the badass folding ship Skidbladnir and, according to the Heimskringla, founded the Swedish Yngling dynasty.
Answer: Freyr
[10] Since Frey no longer has his sword, he gets absolutely destroyed by this fire giant at Ragnarok. His name means "black" and he is the ruler of Muspelheim.
Answer: Surtr
[10] Frey rides and has his chariot pulled by a boar made of this material by the dwarves Brokk and Sindri. Other Norse items made out of this material include the ring Draupnir and the comb of Valhalla's resident rooster.
Answer: gold [if Ron Paul is answering, accept GOOOOOOOOOOOOOLD!!!!, even from a blimp]
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Name some 12th century English figures, for 10 points each.,
[10] This last Norman king of England was also the only ruler of the house of Blois. His reign was marred by a Civil War for succession known as The Anarchy.
Answer: Stephen of Blois
[10] Much of the Anarchy was fought against this woman, whose forces fought the Battle of Beverston Castle and the Battle of Lincoln with Stephen's, and who eventually compromised with him at the Treaty of Wallingford.
Answer: Empress Matilda [prompt on Maude; prompt on Countess of Anjou; prompt on Lady of the English]
[10] This "troublesome priest" opposed the clerical doctrines of Henry II, Matilda's son. As a result, four of Henry's knights murdered this man in his own Cathedral in Canterbury.
Answer: Saint Thomas a Becket
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Christian and Muslim forces have clashed several times apart from the Crusades. For 10 points each:,
[10] This 732 A.D. saw Abd al-Rahman and the Ummayad Caliphate's attempts to invade France foiled by a force led by Charles Martel. It was fought on the same site as a Hundred Years' War battle.
Answer: Battle of Tours [or Poitiers; accept Battle of Court of the Martyrs]
[10] This 1389 battle in what is now a newly independent republic saw the knight Milos Obilic assassinate Murad I, but Bayezid I took command and crushed the Serbian forces. The site is also known as The Field of the Blackbirds.
Answer: Battle of Kosovo Field [or Kosovo Polje]
[10] Alp Arslan soundly defeated this Empire at the 1071 battle of Manzikert, but he took pity on this empire's captured emperor Romanos IV Diogenes and set him free.
Answer: the Byzantine Empire [or Eastern Roman Empire; prompt on Roman Empire; prompt on Romania]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It was postulated among members of a doomsday cult in the book When Prophecy Fails. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this psychological concept in which people become uncomfortable in reaction to inconsistencies between their beliefs and their actions.
Answer: cognitive dissonance
[10] This psychologist wrote about cognitive dissonance in his dissertation at Yale. More notably, he has written The Lucifer Effect and conducted the Stanford prison experiment.
Answer: Philip Zimbardo
[10] This psychologist co-authored the original cognitive dissonance experiment with J. Merrill Carlsmit, and penned When Prophecy Fails.
Answer: Leon Festinger
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Symbiosis is a relationship between two species in which one or more benefits. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this type of symbiosis in which both species benefit, such as the relation between clown fishes and sea anemones.
Answer: mutualism
[10] This example of mutualism usually forms between a member of the phylum ascomycota and a photobiont such as algae or cyanobacteria.
Answer: lichen
[10] The symbiotic association of fungi in the roots of plants is known by this name. The fungus helps the plant absorb more water and nutrients while the plant provides the fungi with food and such.
Answer: mycorrhizae
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They include Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. For 10 points each:,
[10] Two capital cities exist in this island chain, one of which is Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Containing the islands of La Graciosa and El Hierro, this Spanish island group lies off the western coast of Morocco.
Answer: Canary Islands
[10] This island group was hard hit by a 2007 earthquake, which caused damage in the Choiseul and Western provinces. This country is part of Melanesia, lies east of Papua New Guinea, and contains the island of Guadalcanal.
Answer: Solomon Islands
[10] This island pair, part of the Lesser Antilles, lies south of Grenada, southwest of Barbados, and northwest of Guyana. Containing cities such as Port of Spain, and San Fernando, it has a lot of people of Indian origin.
Answer: Trinidad and Tobago
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Answer the following about some works and their author, for 10 points each.,
[10] This book chronicles a game between an unnamed master and a player named Otake, who in reality were Honinbo Shusai and Kitani Minoru, respectively. Otake wins by five points.
Answer: The Master of Go[orMeijin]
[10] This author of The Master of Go also wrote about the foundling Chieko Sada in The Old Capital and about the creepy old dude Eguchi in House of the Sleeping Beauties. He won the Nobel Prize for his Thousand Cranes.
Answer: KawabataYasunari [accept names in either order]
[10] Another Kawabata novel follows Ogata Shingo as he reacts to his son Shuichi's philandering and develops a crush on his daughter-in-law Kikuko. It is named for the "sound" of one of these geographical objects.
Answer: a mountain [accept The Sound of the Mountain; or Yama no Oto if someone is really confused]

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