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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 ACF Fall Tossups by UCLA A
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This work is the subject of a Gabriel D'Annunzio poem that precedes "The rupestrian peplos" in the collection Halcyon. Futurist Fillipo Marinetti claimed that "a roaring motor car that seems to run on machine-gun fire" is more beautiful than this work. This work once adorned the Sanctuary of the Cabiri, and it depicts drapery billowing against the wind, with its central figure thrusting forward on the prow of a ship. Discovered in 1863 by French amateur Charles Champoiseau, its inscription indicates that it commemorates a naval triumph for Rhodes. FTP, name this headless, armless statue of Nike that was discovered on a namesake Aegean island.
Answer: Winged Victory at/of Samothrace (accept Statue of Nike at/of Samothrace early; accept all close equivalents)
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It reacts directly with carbon-carbon double bonds by a 1,3 cycloadditon to form a pentagonal intermediate, after which workup reagents can be added to produce carbonyl end products. Its distinctive smell was specifically noted in 1785, but it was not determined to be a definite chemical compound until 1839. Because of its high oxidation potential and ease of production, it is often used as a disinfectant, particularly in water treatment plants. More famously, it blocks ultraviolet rays, converting them into heat energy in the earth's stratosphere. FTP identify this triatomic compound with a characteristic pale blue color, which is composed entirely of oxygen atoms.
Answer: ozone
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One "ruler" by this name saw regencies under Count Ernest John Biron and Baron A.I. Ostermann, before being arrested by his aunt in 1741. Another ruler of this name passed the "iarlyk" that he inherited from his father to his son Dmitri Donskoi, while his father and namesake, known as "Moneybag", earned the iarlyk for helping the Golden Horde. The reported death of another ruler with this name at the hands of his sister Sophia prompted a riot which saw the streltsy take the Kremlin, murdering many members of the Naryshkin clan, and resulting in a diarchy between him and Peter I. These rulers all shared, FTP, what name, also held by a "great" Grand Prince of Moscow, who overthrew Mongol rule in Russia?
Answer: Ivan
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According to his creator, this man's name means "bumblebee" in old English, and, in his final living moments, he is compared to a great rag doll. A fan of lemon drops, he claims to have a scar in the shape of a map of the London Underground on his left knee, and, before dying, he leaves behind the book The Tales of Beedle the Bard. A rival breaks into the tomb of this man, who defeated Grindelwald in 1945, but it turns out he had lost possession of the Elder Wand when he was disarmed by Malfoy, after which he was killed by Severus Snape. FTP identify this man, arguably the greatest wizard of modern times, possibly best known as the Headmaster of Hogwarts.
Answer: Albus Percival Wulfric Brian "Snape Kills" Dumbledore
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A police officer in this work lends a shield so that a lamb may be sacrificed, but it is suggested that the title character should slaughter a jug of Thasian wine instead. After the setting of this work is compared to a large piece of wool, a lamp is broken over the head of the Commissioner. Myrrhine spurns Kinesias after several of the title character's followers leave to resume weaving at home. At the end of this play, the title character leaves the Acropolis with her handmaid Peace naked, convincing the Spartans and Athenians to end the Peloponnesian War. A sex strike is led by the title character of, FTP, which play by Aristophanes?
Answer: Lysistrata
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One of the units involved in this battle was a company of mounted riflemen nicknamed the Yellow Jackets. The attacking army left from Vincennes and found an apparent white flag of surrender at the Indian encampment. The flag turned out to be a ruse, but the Indian army was so small, it scattered in the face of the much larger American force. Precipitating the downfall of the Prophet and the dissolution of Tecumseh's Indian confederation, this is, FTP, what 1811 battle which made a hero of William Henry Harrison and figured prominently into his campaign slogan?
Answer: Battle of Tippecanoe
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This author asked the Lord to avenge "thy slaughter'd Saints, whose bones / Lie scatter'd on the Alpine mountains cold" in his sonnet about the "Late Massacre in Piedmont." Another of his sonnets describes how soon "Time, the subtle thief of youth" has stolen "on his wing" his "three and twentieth year." He wrote "Hence vain deluding joyes" in the companion piece to his poem "L'Allegro," "Il Penseroso," and foretold the ruin of the "Corrupted clergy" in his monody inspired by the death of Edward King, "Lycidas". Jesus says "Tempt not the Lord thy God" to defeat Satan in the climax of the sequel to his epic poem about "man's first disobedience, and the fruit." FTP, name this British poet of Paradise Regained and Paradise Lost.
Answer: John Milton
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The story of the success of the destitute Satyakama and the chandaal Valmiki brings into question its rigidity as originally practiced. Divided into jati, they are also called varna, which also means "color", perhaps a reference to early Indo-European settlers. Codified in the Book of Manu, some scholars point out that guna, which means "qualification", was never intended to extend to heredity, which has made life hard for the harijan. FTP, Shudras are distinguished from the twice-born Vaishyas, Kshatriyas, and Brahmins by what Hindu system of social stratification?
Answer: caste system (accept varna before mentioned)
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The river Von, whose name means "hope", was formed by the saliva of this divine being, all of whose children were born to Iarnvidia, who lives in the Iron Woods. One of his offspring constantly hunts Mani, while another seeks to devour Arvakr and Alsvidr. Those offspring are Managarm, or Hati, and Skoll respectively, who will devour the moon and sun at the onset of Ragnarok. Afterwards, on the field of Vigrid, this beast will be killed by Vidarr, who will avenge his swallowed father, Odin, by ripping its jaws apart. Currently bound by the enchanted fetters of Gleipnir, which cost Tyr his hand, this is, FTP, what large wolf of Norse myth, the son of the giantess Angerboda and Loki?
Answer: Fenrir or Fenris Wolf or Fenrisulfr
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A so-called "Victorious Modal Version" of it is put forth after a discussion of the flaws of Norman Malcolm's version in The Nature of Necessity by Alvin Plantinga. A more famous formulation, proposed in a chapter about the "essence of material things," is supported by an analogy with the fact that the angles of triangles always sum to 180 degrees. Kant attacked this idea by arguing that existence is not a predicate, and one of the most famous versions is presented in the fifth of Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy. First expounded in the Proslogion, this is, FTP, what analytic, perfection-based argument for God's existence put forth by St. Anselm?
Answer: ontological argument or proof
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The equilibrium state for these devices is found by balancing the coronal discharge loss flux and triboelectric current. Pelletrons are essentially a refined versions of these devices, two of which operated in tandem can produce a potential difference of about 25 megavolts. Leakage of stored charge is sometimes prevented by insulating them with sulfur hexafluoride. Simple versions involve a belt of insulating material running over two pulleys and transferring charge to a metal spherical shell. FTP, identify this type of electrostatic machine, often used to generate electrical sparks.
Answer: Van de Graaff generators (accept pelletrons before they're mentioned)
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This man's father of the same name was a failed member of the First Crusade who returned home during the siege of Antioch. He renounced his hereditary claims over Chartres, passing them on to his brother, Theobald. Much of his reign was dominated by civil war, and he was unable to secure the throne for his son, Eustace, even after his defeat of a woman whose son managed to acquire Normandy and Aquitaine. This man was forced to acknowledge the aforementioned Henry of Anjou as her heir. FTP name this last Norman ruler of England, who fought with Matilda and was the sole monarch of the House of Blois.
Answer: Stephen of Blois
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In one of this author's short stories, an Italian maid brings an American couple the title animal on the orders of a hotel padrone. In another, Bugs uses a blackjack to calm down an ex-prizefighter turned hobo named Ad Francis. In addition to "Cat in the Rain" and "The Battler," this author wrote about Richard Cantwell, who returns to Venice and begins an affair with Renata in his novel Across the River and Into the Trees. He wrote about Nick Adams in his collection In Our Time, and he described Robert Jordan's attempt to blow up a bridge during the Spanish Civil War in For Whom the Bell Tolls. FTP, name this American author of The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms.
Answer: Ernest Hemingway
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Wright's landscape of this property shows how non-global maxima of it can become stable. Fisher's fundamental theorem says that the rate at which this property changes is in the mean equal to its genetic variance. Hartl's version of this property is computed by integrating the parental probability times the distribution of phenotypes over phenotypes; better-known is the absolute Darwinian kind, the ratio of the numbers of individuals with a given trait in successive generations. FTP, name this property of genetic traits, a principle whose survival evolution depends on, according to Herbert Spencer.
Answer: fitness (accept word forms; prompt on w)
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Harvard's Robert Jensen and Nolan Miller attempted to prove their existence in China, and Battalio, Kagal, and Kogut's experiments with quinine water and lab rats proved that they can exist on the individual level. These entities can arise when the price of a good or service outstrips the consumer's tendency to purchase similar goods or services; that is, when the income effect is greater than the substitution effect. They were first postulated to exist in Alfred Marshall's Principles of Economics, which used the example of bread with meat as a substitute. FTP, name this kind of inferior good that people buy more of when the price goes up.
Answer: Giffen goods
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This island's highest point is in the Bonshaw Hills and its most prominent inlet is Hillsborough Bay, at the terminus of a river which nearly bisects it. Known as the "Million-Acre Farm," its towns include Stratford and Cornwall. It's sometimes called the "Garden of the Gulf," which also names a hotel in its second largest city Summerside. It is separated from the mainland to the south by the Northumberland Strait. Home to the house of Lucy Maud Montgomery, FTP, name this island to the west of Cape Breton Island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence with its capital at Charlottetown, which is the smallest province in Canada.
Answer: Prince Edward Island
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This author wrote about the psychological disintegration of Kayerts and Carlier in "An Outpost of Progress." He wrote that his task was "to make you hear, to make you feel...above all, to make you see" in the preface to his novel about James Wait, and he coauthored Romance and The Inheritors with Ford Madox Ford. Mr. Verloc fails to blow up the Greenwich Observatory in his novel The Secret Agent, while he wrote about a rebellion in Costaguana in Nostromo. The title character of another of his novels moves to Patusan after abandoning the Patna. FTP, name this author of Lord Jim who described Marlow's encounter with the ivory trader Kurtz in Heart of Darkness.
Answer: Joseph Conrad (or Josef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski)
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One of his works shows a dove's silhouette on the sky above the beach, while another shows a winged man next to a lion and is called Homesickness. Another of his paintings depicts a canvas that matches up with the view from a window in Euclidean Promenades. He replaced the central figure of David's Madame Recamier with a coffin, and he depicted raining men in Golconde. Another of his works has a contradictory inscription and depicts a pipe, while in another a train emerges from a fireplace. FTP, name this painter who painted The Treachery of Images and Time Transfixed, also known for a work showing dude in a bowler hat with an apple in front of his face, Son of Man.
Answer: Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte
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After this war, the losers brought in Emil Korner to modernize their armed forces. Noteworthy events include the sinking of Arturo Prat's Esmerelda by the Huascar at the Battle of Iquique and the winners' suppression of the indigenous Mapuche. At its end, the Treaty of Ancon awarded the winner temporary possession of Tacna and Arica and permanent possession of Tarapaca and Antofagasta, from Peru and Bolivia, respectively. Fought over the nitrate-rich Atacama Desert, this is, FTP, what war won by Chile, fought from 1879 to 1883?
Answer: War of the Pacific
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An optical illusion that evens-out brightness gradients is this person's namesake band. Prandtl-Meyer fans consist of superpositions of this scientist's namesake waves, sonic pressures which occur due to pressure gradients in compressible flows. An influential philosopher of science, this thinker's principle states that inertia is relational and relative and his Society is also known as the Vienna Circle. His best-known namesake is a quantity measuring compressibility and equal to an object's speed divided by the speed of sound. FTP, name this Austrian scientist whose "number," when equal to one, quantifies the sound barrier.
Answer: Ernst Mach
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A late song cycle of his, which includes a setting of an excerpt from Joyce's Ulysses entitled "Solitary Hotel" and three settings of Robert Graves, is entitled Despite and Still. The poetry collection Permit Me Voyage provides the text for another song, "Sure on This Shining Night." A composition for soprano and orchestra sets excerpts from a prose work written by the same author, James Agee, and is entitled Knoxville: Summer of 1915. He is more famous for his The School for Scandal overture and an orchestral arrangement of a movement of his first string quartet, which he also arranged as a choral setting of the Agnus Dei. FTP, identify this composer of Adagio for Strings.
Answer: Samuel Barber
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This author wrote a retelling of John the Baptist's beheading in "Herodias," which appeared in his Three Tales, along with "Saint Julian" and "A Simple Heart." Hilarion and the Queen of Sheba are among those who entice the title character of his The Temptation of Saint Anthony, while the title Carthaginian princess submits to the advances of Matho in his Salammbo. Better known works by this author include one about Rosanette and Madame Arnoux, the love interests of Frederic Moreau, while the title character of another novel takes Leon Dupuis and Rodolphe Boulanger as her lovers. FTP, name this French author of A Sentimental Education and Madame Bovary.
Answer: Gustave Flaubert
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Prior to his political career, he taught at the Pennsylvania Institution for the Blind. His famous nickname was given to him by Robert Ingersoll, and he served several terms in the House, including three as Speaker. His namesake proposed amendments would have canceled all federal funding to parochial schools, and his presidential campaign was derailed in part due to the infamous phrase "Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion." Also forming the Pan-American Congress during his tenure as Secretary of State, this is, FTP, what "Plumed Knight" and "Continental Liar from the State of Maine" who lost to Grover Cleveland in 1884.
Answer: James Gillespie Blaine
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A common problem when using this class of reagents is star activity, in which changes in salt concentration cause them to act aberrantly, losing the stringent control that generally makes them so useful. Another problem can arise as a result of DCM or DAM methylation by bacteria, which can prevent them from performing their catalytic function. A particularly useful one is NotI ("not one"), as it only recognizes a specific 8 base pair sequence, and the most commonly used ones include HindIII ("hindi three") and EcoRI ("eeco are one"). FTP identify this type of bacterial enzyme that cuts double stranded DNA at specific base pair sequences.
Answer: restriction enzyme; accept "restriction endonuclease"
2007 ACF Fall Bonuses by UCLA A
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Name the following Henrik Ibsen plays, FTPE:,
[10] Torvald is no longer mad at his wife after Krogstad, who wants to be rehired at the bank, leaves a contract saying that his wife had borrowed money. Nonetheless, Nora leaves him at the end of this play.
Answer: A Doll's House or Et dukkehjem
[10] Hilda Wangel convinces Halvard Solness, the title architect, to defy his vertigo and climb the spire of his own house, but he ends up falling in this play.
Answer: The Master Builder or Bygmester Solness
[10] The sculptor Arnold Rubek renews a love affair with a former model Irene van Satow, but they are vanquished in a storm while journeying into the mountains.
Answer: When We Dead Awaken or Naar vi dode vaagner
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Name the following about a type of psychotherapy FTPE.,
[10] Set forth in works such as A Way of Being and On Becoming a Person, this psychotherapeutic method emphasized the therapist's personal relationship with the patient.
Answer: Client-Centered Psychotherapy/Counseling or Person-Centered Psychotherapy/Counseling (accept CCT or PCT)
[10] This author of the aforementioned A Way of Being and On Becoming a Person as well as Freedom to Learn developed client-centered psychotherapy.
Answer: Carl Ransom Rogers
[10] Rogers was a proponent of student-centered learning, much like this psychologist who posited four stages of cognitive development including the sensorimotor stage and the concrete operational stage.
Answer: Jean Piaget
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Only a handful of elements on the periodic table can be liquids at ordinary temperatures and pressures. FTPE:,
[10] Also called quicksilver, this transition metal has atomic number 80.
Answer: mercury
[10] The only nonmetal in this category is this element, a halogen with reddish-brown color.
Answer: bromine
[10] This least abundant of the non-radioactive alkali metals is useful in constructing atomic clocks.
Answer: cesium
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In this novel, Katya eventually marries Arkady, who had run off with the student he brought home when Kirsanoff met him upon completing his education at the University of St. Petersburg. FTPE:,
[10] The nihilist Bazarov dies with Madame Odintzoff by his side at the end of what 1862 novel?
Answer: Fathers and Sons or Ottsy i deti
[10] Fathers and Sons was written by this Russian author, who also wrote such works as A House of Gentlefolk, The Torrents of Spring, Rudin, and On the Eve.
Answer: Ivan Turgenev
[10] Turgenev also wrote this collection of short stories, which include "Farmer Ovsyanikov," "Two Landowners," and one involving Vasily Vasilych in a story within a story, "Hamlet of the Shchigrovsky District."
Answer: A Sportsman's Sketches or Sketches from a Hunter's Album [accept equivalents]
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His orchestral works include the symphonic poem Falstaff, based on Henry IV, and a cello concerto in E minor. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this English composer also known for the five marches that comprise Pomp and Circumstance.
Answer: Edward Elgar
[10] Perhaps the most famous orchestral work by Elgar is this piece that depicts many of his close friends, including himself in the final section.
Answer: Enigma Variations [or Variations on an Original Theme for Orchestra, Op. 36]
[10] The best-known variation in the Enigma Variations is this ninth one, said to be inspired by a discussion of Beethoven slow movements. Its name comes from that of a Biblical king said to be a good hunter.
Answer: "Nimrod"
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All of the manuscripts for his most famous work are missing the introductory paragraphs discussing the family of one of the work's subjects. F10PE:,
[10] Name this author of The Lives of the Twelve Caesars, a work which spares no salacious detail about the rulers of the Roman Empire through Domitian.
Answer: Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus
[10] The subject whose family history is missing, this man was assassinated by a conspiracy led by Cassius and Brutus. According to Suetonius, his last words to the latter were "You as well, my son?"
Answer: Gaius Julius Caesar
[10] Suetonius concludes his discussion of this brief ruler by recounting his father's experiences as a tribune of the plebs under him. One of the "four emperors" of 69 C.E., he committed suicide after his army lost at Bedriacum on April 14.
Answer: Marcus Salvius Otho Nero
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Identify the following paintings that have been stolen, FTPE:,
[10] Two versions of this angsty painting by Edvard Munch were stolen, one in 1994 and one in 2004, though both were later recovered. Its central figure is on a bridge and holds his hands to his face.
Answer: The Scream or The Shreik or The Cry or Skrik
[10] This man's Jacob de Gheyn III has been stolen four times since 1966, leading some to call it this artist's "takeaway" painting; he also painted a portrait of some dudes with Captain Frans Banning Cocq.
Answer: Rembrandt Hermenszoon van Rijn
[10] This painter's The Concert was stolen on St. Patrick's day in 1990 and remains on the loose, but you might know him better for painting a Girl With a Pearl Earing.
Answer: Johannes Vermeer or Jan Vermeer
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It is between Victoria Land on the west and Marie Byrd Land on the east and it's indented by the Bay of Whales. FTPE:,
[10] Name this shallow sea of Antarctica named for an English explorer, sitting on a namesake ice shelf.
Answer: Ross Sea
[10] This active volcano with a mythological name is located on Ross Island and was ascended by Shackleton's expedition in 1908.
Answer: Mount Erebus
[10] The southern tip of Ross Island is home to this largest research base on Antarctica, a station which is located on the shore of its namesake sound.
Answer: McMurdo Station
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Posttranslational modifications, FTPE:,
[10] This addition of a PO4 group to a protein is carried out by enzymes known as kinases. Major classes include MAPs and Juns ("joons").
Answer: phosphorylation
[10] This enzymatic addition of sugar moieties to proteins can be N-linked if they are attached to asparagines, or O-linked if to serine or threonine. These modifications are important in protein conformation, stability, and adherence.
Answer: glycosylation (do not accept glycation)
[10] Addition of a single one of these monomers can alter a proteins subcellular localization, though it is better known as a signal for protein degradation--which occurs when 3 or more are linked sequentially to a protein. It is named for its abundant presence.
Answer: ubiquitin
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After showing Mr. Norton the house of Jim Trueblood, the title character is expelled from a Southern university by Dr. Bledsoe. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel which ends with a race riot between the Brotherhood and the followers of Ras the Exhorter.
Answer: Invisible Man
[10] This author of the essay collections Going to the Territory and Shadow and Act wrote Invisible Man.
Answer: Ralph Ellison
[10] This unfinished novel by Ralph Ellison focuses on the relationship between racist Senator Adam Sunraider and Alonzo "Daddy" Hickman. Its title refers to a holiday commemorating the abolition of slavery in Texas.
Answer: Juneteenth
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FTPE, answer the following about people associated with the Trojan War.,
[10] This priest of Poseidon warned of accepting Greek gifts and struck the Trojan Horse with a spear, proving it hollow. Thereupon, Athena unleashed two serpents, which killed him and his sons, an event immortalized in a famous sculpture.
Answer: Laocoon
[10] The wife of King Mynes of Lyrnessos, this woman was awarded as a prize to Achilles, but was taken away by Agamemnon, prompting the quarrel that serves as the central plot of the Iliad.
Answer: Briseis
[10] In Lucian's A True Story, this character sues Homer for libel. In the Iliad, he is described as the worst of the Greeks who came to Troy, and he is hit by Odysseus after he makes fun of Agamemnon and Achilleus for their quarrel.
Answer: Thersites
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This man wrote "This salt / in the salt cellar / I once saw in the salt mines" in his "Ode to Salt." FTPE:,
[10] Name this Chilean author of Elementary Odes and 100 Love Sonnets.
Answer: Pablo Neruda or Neftali Ricardo Elecier Reyes Basoalto
[10] This Neruda work contains a section claiming that the earth's name is Juan as well as "The Heights of Macchu Picchu."
Answer: Canto General
[10] Neruda also composed this work that claims "In you everything sank!" and "The memory of you emerges from the night around me." It follows his Twenty Love Poems.
Answer: "A Song of Despair" or "una cancion desesperada"
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Answer the following about America's best-known failed assassination attempt, FTPE.,
[10] On March 30, 1981, John Hinckley, in an attempt to impress Jodie Foster, shot six times at this United States President and star of Bedtime for Bonzo.
Answer: Ronald Reagan
[10] This White House Press Secretary was hit in the head by one of the shots and permanently disabled as a result. He has since become an advocate for gun control.
Answer: James Scott "Jim" Brady
[10] Secretary of State Alexander Haig, after the shooting, announced that as Vice President George Bush was unavailable, Haig was in charge. Turns out this Massachusetts Speaker of the House actually was, at least if you like the Constitution.
Answer: Thomas Philip "Tip" O'Neill, Jr.
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His essays include "The Thing," from the collection Poetry, Language, Thought, and "The Question Concerning Technology." FTPE:,
[10] Identify this thinker more famous for introducing the concept of dasein.
Answer: Martin Heidegger
[10] This is Heidegger's best-known work, which argues that "existentiales," his term for structures relating to dasein, all have a fundamentally temporal dimension.
Answer: Being and Time [or Sein und Zeit]
[10] This student of Heidegger developed the idea of philosophical hermeneutics in his best-known work, Truth and Method.
Answer: Hans-Georg Gadamer
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Over the summer, eight North, Central, and South American national basketball teams competed for two guaranteed spots in the 2008 Olympics, as well as 3 more invites to the pre-Olympic qualifying tournament. FTPE:,
[10] Name this tournament, hosted at the Thomas and Mack Center in Las Vegas in late August and early September of 2007.
Answer: FIBA Americas Championship [prompt on partial answer]
[10] This Argentinean, who was drafted by the Spurs but will play for the Houston Rockets, was named the MVP of the FIBA Americas Championship, averaging 19.5 points and 7.5 rebounds per game.
Answer: Luis Alberto Scola Balvoa
[10] The US National Team defeated Argentina 118-81 to claim gold at the tournament, led by the team-record 31 points from this forward, formerly of St. Vincent-St. Mary High School in Ohio and currently playing for Cleveland.
Answer: LeBron James
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He served a second stint as Prime Minister in 1834 for three weeks while Robert Peel was being retrieved from Italy. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Tory PM from 1828-30 who is probably better known for winning a battle at some place called Waterloo.
Answer: Arthur Wellesley or 1st Duke of Wellington
[10] Wellington passed the Catholic Reform Act, which had been championed by this Irishman who had not been allowed to sit in Parliament due to his faith. He also tried to dissolve the Act of Union of 1800.
Answer: Daniel O'Connell
[10] Wellington's reputation as an elite commander was solidified after this 1812 battle during the Peninsular Campaign which caused the French to abandon Andalusia and eventually Madrid. It was fought at the site of an important medieval university.
Answer: Battle of Salamanca
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The universe is home to some very odd types of radiation. FTPE:,
[10] This type of thermal radiation is thought to cause the eventual evaporation of small black holes.
Answer: Hawking radiation
[10] The blue glow of nuclear reactors is due to this type of radiation, caused by charged particles passing through matter at a speed greater than the speed of light in that medium.
Answer: Cherenkov radiation
[10] Discovered on accident by Penzias and Wilson, this near-ubiquitous and nearly isotropic field has the spectrum of a blackbody of approximate 3 Kelvins.
Answer: the cosmic microwave background radiation (prompt on just cosmic background or microwave background)
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Identify the following composers of Baroque opera, FTPE.,
[10] Your question author thinks this composer's opera Montezuma kicks serious ass, but he is better known for being a priest and composing a set of four violin concerti based on Spring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter.
Answer: Antonio Vivaldi
[10] The chorus "With drooping wings" follows the lament "When I am laid in earth" at the end of Dido and Aeneas, the most famous opera by this English composer.
Answer: Henry Purcell
[10] Bizarrely dying from gangrene after crushing his toe with a big stick, this man composed operas like Armide and Phaeton and collaborated with Moliere on Le bourgeois gentilhomme.
Answer: Jean-Baptiste Lully
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One way of reducing these involves removing the i-th data point before scaling by one minus h i i, which is outliers removal. FTPE:,
[10] Name these deviations of target values from fitted values, written as y minus X beta hat, and visualized as the orthogonal distances away from a linear model fit.
Answer: residuals
[10] Residuals arise as deviations from the linear type of this procedure, which assumes normal, identically distributed errors to "back-calculate" the best-fit line by writing y = X beta + epsilon, with data matrix X, parameters beta, and target values y.
Answer: unweighted linear regression
[10] The parameters in a regression give the best-fit line in this sense, so named because the sum of the areas of the residuals are minimized.
Answer: least squares
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Identify the following writing systems developed to replace Chinese characters, FTPE.,
[10] Developed during the Heian period as a form of shorthand, this is the simplest of Japanese scripts, and it is often employed in the transcription of foreign words.
Answer: katakana
[10] The hangul script of this language, commissioned by King Sejong during the Joseon Dynasty, was designed to be easily learned and thus promote literacy.
Answer: Korean or Chosonmal or Chosono or Hangukmal or Hangugeo or Urimal or Gugeo or Goryeomal
[10] Based on the work of the French Jesuit Alexandre de Rhodes in the 17th century, quoc ngu is a Romanized form script of this language, commonly spoken in Hanoi.
Answer: Vietnamese or tieng Viet or Viet ngu
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Daniel Dravot is beheaded after attempting to rule Kafiristan in his short story "The Man Who Would Be King." FTPE:,
[10] Name this British author of Captains Courageous and The Jungle Book.
Answer: Rudyard Kipling
[10] This poem by Rudyard Kipling describes "new-caught, sullen peoples / half devil and half-child" who cry "Why brought he us from bondage / Our loved Egyptian night?" Its opening stanza argues for the need to "take up" the title duty and "send forth the best ye breed."
Answer: "The White Man's Burden"
[10] Published in Barrack-Room Ballads, this Kipling poem consists of a dialogue between a Colour-Sargeant and Files-on-Parade, and depicts the hanging of the title soldier because he "shot a comrade sleepin'."
Answer: "Danny Deever"
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Answer the following about a US foreign policy initiative FTPE.,
[10] It was coined by William Taft to describe the economic-based initiatives to further US interests overseas.
Answer: Dollar Diplomacy
[10] While Taft may have thought of the idea, most of the implementation of Dollar Diplomacy fell to this corporate lawyer and Secretary of State who proved quite able in promoting said policy.
Answer: Philander Chase Knox
[10] Dollar diplomacy imploded in an attempt to manipulate the construction of railroads in this region controlled by China at the time and later made into a Japanese puppet state under a slightly different name with former Chinese emperor Puyi at the head.
Answer: Manchuria
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Answer the following questions about moons with retrograde orbits FTPE.,
[10] The largest of them is this satellite of Neptune that shares its name with an isotope of hydrogen.
Answer: Triton
[10] The next largest known is this not so "Titanic" moon of Saturn which was, until 2000, thought to be Saturn's outermost satellite.
Answer: Phoebe
[10] Sycorax, discovered along with Caliban, is the largest of this "Shakespearean and Popean" planet's retrograde moons.
Answer: Uranus

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