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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 ACF Fall Tossups by UCLA A
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Its only surviving fragment was made into a chair for the Great Hall of Buckland Abbey in Devon. Its official mission was to "find out places meet to have traffic;" in pursuit of that goal, it led a fleet including the Swan, Marigold, and Benedict. After negotiating with the Sultan of Termate, it took on six tons of cloves. Earlier, it spent one winter at San Francisco, where its crew founded the colony of New Albion, and looked for the Northwest Passage to the west of Vancouver. An alleged mutiny against its captain by Thomas Doughty led to Doughty's execution before it reached Brazil in 1578, and it soon encountered the Cacafuego at Valparaiso and took eighty pounds of gold. While it sat moored in Deptford, Elizabeth boarded this ship and knighted its captain. FTP, name this flagship of the exploration and piracy campaign of Francis Drake.
Answer: the Golden Hind [accept The Pelican before it is read]
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Certain paramecia must undergo this process to live beyond approximately 350 cell divisions. The interruption of this process can be used to create a genetic map of the organism under study, and a common blender can be used for this disruption because it will not kill the cells, but it will destroy the pili and namesake tubes responsible for it. When the genes coding for it are incorporated into the chromosome, those cells are known as H-f-r, rather than as F-plus, which denotes the presence of F, or fertility plasmids. First discovered by mixing together different auxotrophic strains of E. coli, FTP name this process in which DNA is passed from one bacterial cell to another that is in direct contact.
Answer: conjugation
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This reaction features a short-lived four-membered ring intermediate, which forms during the spontaneous decomposition of the initial intermediate, a neutral, dipolar compound known as a betaine [BAY-ta-een]. The essential reagent for this reaction, a neutral compound with adjacent positive and negative charges, possesses a strongly nucleophilic carbon that attacks the carbon of a carbonyl to form the desired product plus a triphenylphosphine oxide. Used to create an alkene from a ketone or aldehyde, FTP name this reaction that requires the use of a phosphorus-stabilized carbanion known as an ylide [ILL-id], named for the winner of the 1979 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Answer: Wittig reaction
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The Motor Carrier Act and Guffey Acts are sometimes called its "little" versions, and Mussolini yelled out "Behold, a dictator!" when informed of its passage. Its activities were overseen by a namesake Review Board, led by Clarence Darrow, while a major player in its execution was General Hugh S. Johnson. It encouraged the use of a blue eagle clutching a cogwheel and three lightning bolts to symbolize compliance, and it facilitated collective bargaining, set maximum hours and minimum wages, and barred child labor. FTP, identify this act of Franklin Roosevelt's first 100 Days, declared unconstitutional in 1935's Schechter v. U.S., the "sick chicken case."
Answer: National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 [or National Recovery Administration; or N(I)RA]
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In 1995, facing Jim Poole, David Justice homered for the only run in this numerical game after claiming "you would have to do something great to get [Atlanta fans] out of their seats." Kirby Puckett blasted an 11th-inning walk-off home run off Charlie Leibrandt in one played in 1991. Dusty Baker gave Russ Ortiz the game ball, only to see the bullpen blow a 5-0 seventh-inning lead in 2002. Don Denkinger erroneously called Jorge Orta safe at first in one played in 1985, and in 1956, Brooklyn's Clem Labine pitched a 10-inning shutout. The Marlins clinched the 2003 title over the Yankees in this game, but the most iconic moments in this setting are Carlton Fisk's 12th-inning barely-fair home run and Mookie Wilson's grounder causing a first baseman's only postseason error. FTP, identify this game of the World Series, immortalized by Bill Buckner's blunder in 1986.
Answer: Game 6 of the World Series
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This construct's namesake trick, often used in machine learning algorithms like support vector machines, uses Mercer's theorem to map a linear classification scheme into a non-linear one. In wavelet transforms, they define the nature and complexity of the transform pair, and in image processing, the convolution variety defines what sort of filtering is to be done. In operating systems, micro ones run most of their services in user space, while monolithic ones run them all in the namesake space. Their duties include inter-process communication, memory management, and executing programs on the CPU. FTP name this lowest abstraction layer and central component of most operating systems, including XNU for Macs and the freely available Linux one developed by Linus Torvalds, not Orville Redenbacher.
Answer: kernel
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Among this man's nonfiction works are an essay that uses "the wounded soldier" and "the golden arm" to expound on "How to Write a Story" and a response to a book by Delia Bacon, "Is Shakespeare Dead?" Short stories include one about the pilfering of the white elephant of Siam and another in which the title character, Philip Traum, entices three medieval boys to sin. One of his fictional characters stores profanity to be used at sea against sailors in a work that involves the quest of Mulberry Sellers to become earl of Rossmore, The American Claimant. Also collaborating with Charles Dudley Warner on The Gilded Age, he is best known for portraits of his childhood in Hannibal, MO. FTP, name this author of Tom Sawyer, and Huckleberry Finn.
Answer: Mark Twain; or Samuel Clemens
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One of this figure's books contains chapters on "The Necessity of Knowing God in His Power" and "Exordium," and claims that "necessarily does not mean compulsorily." This person settled a dispute between counts in Mansfeld after writing On Christian Liberty, The Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and Small Catechism. This individual also responded to "The Diatribe Concerning Human Freedom" by Erasmus with The Bondage of the Will. This person condemned the Peasants Revolt, Jews, and Anabaptists, and gave the Augsburg Confession to Melanchthon after being banned following the Diet of Worms. FTP, name this Augustinian monk who posted 95 theses.
Answer: Martin Luther
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One of his paintings shows a woman holding a withering pink flower next to a small dog. Another shows a boy in red standing between two funny looking chubby adults in the Palace of Aranjuez. He married the sister of Francisco Bayeu, who secured him the commission to decorate Church of the Virgin in Zaragoza. Influenced by Tiepolo, his Marquesa de Pontejos is in the style of Gainsborough. Deaf for much of his career, he made prints like Los Caprichos, and followed Velazquez's model in caricaturing The Family of Charles IV. Most famous for depicting a man in white executed by a firing squad, FTP, name this Spanish painter of Saturn Devouring his Children and The Third of May, 1808.
Answer: Francisco de Goya
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One writer from this country created an artist whose crowning achievement, a painting titled Scumscape, is censored and confiscated. Another created the fictional country of Shavi and wrote of The Joys of Motherhood. Another "bemoaned the death of a great dream" in his "Elegy for Alto", written a year before his murder by the Gowon Military. A fourth published his collection of prison notes, The Man Died, in addition to Kongi's Harvest and The Lion and the Jewel, and the best-known author from this country is responsible for Anthills of the Savannah and No Longer at Ease. FTP, identify this home of Christopher Okigbo, Wole Soyinka, and Chinua Achebe, the capital of which is Lagos.
Answer: Nigeria
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A comet hits Cadiz in this man's play about Victoria and Diego, while Dora resolves to follow Kaliayev's fate after he is executed for bombing the Grand Duke in The Just Assassins. Other dramas include "The Possessed" and "The Misunderstanding." Along with stories like "The Growing Stone" and "The Adulterous Woman" collected in The Exile and the Kingdom, he created the character Jacques Cormery in his last, unfinished novel. Nonfiction works include a treatise claiming that the only truly serious philosophical problem is suicide and his Stalinist The Rebel, but he is better known for his existentialist novels. FTP, name this author who wrote about Dr. Bernard Rieux in The Plague and Mersault in The Stranger.
Answer: Albert Camus
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His work explaining the instability of James Watt's fly-ball governor is regarded as the birth of modern control theory, and his mathematical analysis of the stability of Saturn's rings showed that they could be neither entirely solid nor liquid. He showed how to calculate stresses in suspension bridges and coined the term "curl" to use in the differential form of his most famous accomplishment; however, the only other real work he did on it was the addition of a term for "displacement current." FTP identify this British physicist best known for combining his revision of Ampere's Law with Faraday's Law and Gauss's Laws of Electricity and Magnetism to produce his four namesake "equations" governing electromagnetism.
Answer: James Clerk Maxwell
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Joe Vogler, leader of a movement in favor of this, disappeared among conspiracy theories in May 1993. Another movement for it in 1941 had the full support of the Siskiyou County Board of Supervisors. Norman Mailer ran for mayor of New York City with this as a major point in his platform. Texas v. White ruled that it was illegal in the United States, a few years after it was proposed at both the 1850 Nashville Convention and the 1814 Hartford Convention. Despite being threatened during the nullification crisis, it was not until 1860 that South Carolina became the first state to actually do this. For 10 points, what is this act unsuccessfully attempted by the Confederacy?
Answer: secession (accept word forms and synonyms, accept Alaskan Secession before "Siskiyou" is read]
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Its northern shore includes Cape d'Or, which is confusingly named after copper deposits. The first European to discover it was probably Joao Alvares Fagundes, who may have made it all the way to Advocate Harbor. Its easternmost point is in Coquid Bay and its northern point is in Chignecto Bay, but the most famous area, just east of Cape Split, is Minas Basin. Its most distinguishing characteristic is the reversing falls where the St. John River enters it. Located between Maine, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, FTP, identify this body of water in competition with Ungava Bay for the world's highest tides.
Answer: Bay of Fundy
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In one of this man's poems he begs a nightingale to "timely sing, ere the rude Bird of Hate/Foretell my hopeless doom" and in his eleventh sonnet he references another of his works, the Tetrachordon. In his only play an "attendant spirit" summons Sabrina to save three siblings from the title character, a son of Bacchus and Circe. In a poem addressed to Cyriack Skinner he resolves to "let Euclid rest, and Archimedes pause," and his better-known works include two companion poems in which he denounces then eulogizes melancholy, "L'Allegro" and "Il Penseroso." Also the author of a work whose title character is "Eyeless in Gaza" and an elegy on the death of Edward King, this is, FTP, what poet, best-known for his biblical epic "Paradise Lost?"
Answer: John Milton
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He was cured of his ejaculation problem by Cephalus's wife Procris, and in gratitude gave her a gift Zeus had given his mother. He drove his brothers away after they all fell in love with the same boy, and gained the throne after his stepfather Asterius died. His son Androgeus once swept every event in the Panathenaic Games. He captured Megara with the help of Scylla and Athens with the help of plague and famine, receiving the parthenoi in tribute. He was boiled to death in the court of Cocalus after demanding the return of former chief architect Daedalus. Cuckolded by a bull, FTP, identify this father of Ariadne and Phaedra, wife of Pasiphae, and son of Europa.
Answer: Minos
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It was revised in 1933 by Ridgeway, Ballard, and Bailey to include synthetic compounds. Hodge and McKay used a microcharacter to show it was approximately logarithmic, although a recently published article by Broz, Cook, and Whitney seems to dispute that claim. It may be preferred over the Rockwell, Vickers, and Knoop indentation tests because they yield different values for different cleavage axes. Because of its nonproportionality, most everyday objects are given values to the nearest one-half; for instance, standard window glass is listed at 5.5. FTP, identify this scale named after an Austrian geologist, which uses the scratch test to rank minerals' hardness on a scale of talc's one to diamond's ten.
Answer: Mohs hardness scale
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The one of Bologna wrote down religious advice in a Treatise on the Seven Spiritual Weapons. The one of Ricci wore an iron chain against her skin that she used to chastise herself. The one of Sweden married a man named Eggert von Kurnen, and convinced him to pledge a vow of chastity. The one of Laboure created the Miraculous Medal after three visits by the apparition of the Virgin Mary. The one of Alexandria has a monastery in the Sinai Peninsula which was supposedly built on the former site of Moses' burning bush, and is the patron saint of potters and spinners. This is likely due to the story of the mechanism by which she was to be tortured by a Roman emperor after converting many members of his court. FTP, identify this woman who had to be beheaded after this wheel broke upon her touch.
Answer: St. Catherine
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Francois Nodot and Jose Marchena are the two most prominent forgers of the lost portions of this work. The main character sings a hymn to a deity "whom Lydians, far and wide adore" after which he is accosted by Oenothea. That character was earlier led astray by an old woman selling country vegetables after listening to a speech on education, in which Agamemnon blames parents for their children's intellectual atrophy. The primary conflict of the work centers on the slave Giton, who attracts the affections of Asclytos and the main character. All three eventually flee with Eumolpus after attending the feast of Trimalchio in, FTP, what novel about the exploits of Encolpius, the best-known work of Gaius Petronius Arbiter?
Answer: The Satyricon
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He used "La Follia" as the basis for his last original solo piano composition, Variations on a Theme of Corelli. Unsatisfied with his revisions of his second piano sonata, he gave Horowitz authority to change it however he pleased. Glazunov's drunken conducting of his first symphony sent him into a three-year-long depression, which he once consulted Tolstoy about. He wrote an Elegiac Trio after the death of Tchaikovsky, who was set to conduct his symphonic fantasy The Rock. He referred to his third piano concerto, written for his first American tour, as "a piece for elephants". A painting by Bocklin inspired his Isle of the Dead, and he also set Poe's The Bells to music. FTP, identify this Russian composer who used a caprice for solo violin as the basis for arguably his most famous work, Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini.
Answer: Sergei Vassilyevich Rachmaninov or Rachmaninoff
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TB. The Markovian type has been used to model inventory control, where dynamic pricing is optimal over fixed pricing. Another type may satisfy the weak axiom of revealed preference and is said to be homogeneous of degree zero. That type, Walrasian, is linked via the Slutsky decomposition to another type based on the substitution effect, Hicksian. Its cross elasticity is positive for substitutes and negative for complements, while its income elasticity is positive for normal goods and negative for inferior ones. Its curve shifts to the right with an increase in income or preference, and it generally has negative slope when plotted against price. FTP, name this willingness and ability of buyers to purchase a good.
Answer: demand
2006 ACF Fall Bonuses by UCLA A
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As a patient at the Columbia Psychiatric Institute he met Carl Solomon, whose "apocryphal history" he used to complete his poem "Howl." FTPE:,
[10] Name this beat poet who also wrote "Supermarket in California" and "Sunflower Sutra."
Answer: Allen Ginsberg
[10] This Ginsberg elegy memorialized his Russian emigre mother Naomi, and is based on the Hebrew prayers chanted for the dead, albeit a hallucinatory one.
Answer: "Kaddish"
[10] The nuclear age against a backdrop of nature is the framework for a Ginsberg epic dealing with the "fall" of this geopolitical entity.
Answer: The Fall of America
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Name these dances in 3/4 or 3/8 time FTPE:,
[10] The scherzo replaced this Baroque dance craze as the standard third movement of a symphony, and a prominent composer of them was Jean-Baptiste Lully. J.S. Bach wrote a famous one in G.
Answer: Minuet
[10] It was the cool thing to write in the mid-nineteenth century, and no one was cooler than the Strauss family. Johann Jr.'s "The Blue Danube" is the iconic work in the Viennese style.
Answer: Waltz
[10] It's a traditional Polish dance with the accent on the second or third beat, so it's no surprise that Chopin wrote a whole bunch of them.
Answer: Mazurka
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Henstock and Kurzweil simplified Denjoy's definition of it, utilizing a positive function on tagged partitions called a gauge. FTPE:,
[10] Name this process in calculus, equivalent to finding the area under a curve.
Answer: integration [accept word forms]
[10] This technique of integration sets the integral of 'f g-prime dx' as 'f times g', minus the integral of 'f-prime g dx.'
Answer: integration by parts
[10] This statement defines the definite integral of a function from a to b as the value of the anti-derivative of the function at b minus the anti-derivative at a.
Answer: fundamental theorem of calculus
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Name these French revolutions FTPE.,
[10] This 1793 counter-revolution aimed to exterminate the "patriots," but a disastrous siege at Nantes and British refusal of asylum led to massacres of those participating.
Answer: La Vendee
[10] Divided into the "parliamentary" one, the "Princes'" one, and the "Spanish" one, this 17th-century series of revolts is said to have shaped Louis XIV's distrust of the nobility.
Answer: La Fronde
[10] This 1358 revolt led by Guillaume Cale was known by a common peasant's name.
Answer: La Jacquerie
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Symbolized by a capital K, its value for the reverse of a reaction is the reciprocal of the value for the forward reaction. FTPE:,
[10] Name this fundamental constant in chemistry that represents the ratio of product characteristics to reactant characteristics at which the forward and reverse reactions proceed at the same rate.
Answer: equilibrium constant
[10] This law governs the derivation of equilibrium constant expressions, including entering gases as partial pressures, dissolved species as concentrations, and solids and liquids as unity.
Answer: law of mass action
[10] This principle says that a system in equilibrium that is subjected to a stress reacts in a way that counteracts the stress.
Answer: Le Chatelier's Principle
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Answer some stuff about spreading out government FTPE:,
[10] This country leads the world in number of capitals with three: Bloemfontein, Pretoria, and Cape Town.
Answer: South Africa
[10] Chile's parliament has been located in this major seaport since 1990.
Answer: Valparaiso
[10] The Tanzanian legislature meets in Dodoma, but it divides its time between Dodoma and this larger, coastal city.
Answer: Dar es Salaam
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A visit from Jacob Marley's ghost reveals that he has been condemned to perpetual travel and dragging along a heavy cargo of cash and deeds. FTPE:,
[10] Name this yuletide Charles Dickens novel.
Answer: A Christmas Carol
[10] This miser is visited in the night by the ghosts of Christmas past, present, and future.
Answer: Ebenezer Scrooge
[10] The Ghost of Christmas Present takes Scrooge to the home of this clerk of his, who proposes a toast to Scrooge despite having a skimpy dinner and carrying crippled Tiny Tim, whom Scrooge later finds dead in the vision of Ghost of Christmas Future.
Answer: Bob Cratchit (accept either)
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Answer the following about creation myth of the Americas, FTPE.,
[10] In this culture of the four corners region, Turkey discovered the flood unleashed by Water Monster. The Fourth World was destroyed by the flood, but Locust made a hole in the sky and led humans and animals into the Fifth World.
Answer: Navajo
[10] Human beings were created from a mixture of the remnants of Queztalcoatl's father's bones and Quetzalcoatl's blood, according to this people.
Answer: Aztec
[10] In Aztec mythology, the first world was presided over by this figure, who was knocked into the water by Quetzalcoatl, which led to jaguars consuming the earth.
Answer: Tezcatlipoca
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According to the IAU, it must be round, orbit a star, and dominate its own orbit. FTPE:,
[10] Name this classification of astronomical object, which there are now eight examples of in our solar system.
Answer: planet
[10] The discovery of this trans-Neptunian object, with a diameter larger than Pluto, set off the debate about the official definition of a planet. It was formerly known as 2003 UB313 and temporarily nicknamed 'Xena' before getting this official name.
Answer: Eris
[10] The third part of the definition was added, in part, to keep this largest asteroid classified as an asteroid, although it can now be called a dwarf planet as well.
Answer: Ceres
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Answer some questions about the use of a literary term in popular culture, FTPE:,
[10] This term derives from the practice of actors descending from canopies to suddenly make everything all right. Although Aristotle thought it inappropriate in tragedies, it shows up all the time at the end of comedic plays.
Answer: deus ex machina
[10] Peter LaFleur bets 100,000 dollars at 50-1 odds and receives his five million dollars in a treasure chest labeled Deus ex Machina, thus proving that betting on your own team is perfectly acceptable in the titular sport of this film.
Answer: Dodgeball
[10] Deus ex Machina describes the yellow plane found by Locke that gives the title to this nineteenth episode of this series's first season.
Answer: Lost
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Breathing is important for life. Answer the following about it and some problems with it FTPE.,
[10] These tiny air sacs at the end of the bronchioles are the site of gas exchange between air and the blood. With 300 million of them in your body, their surface area is about equal to that of a tennis court.
Answer: alveoli
[10] This disease is characterized by the breakdown of alveolar walls and collapse of small airways, leading to increased airway resistance. It can be caused by alpha-1-anti-trypsin deficiency, or more commonly, smoking.
Answer: emphysema [prompt on 'chronic obstructive pulmonary disease' or 'COPD']
[10] This condition exists when tissues do not receive enough oxygen or they are unable to utilize it properly. A problem with gas exchange in the alveoli is one potential cause, as is carbon monoxide poisoning.
Answer: hypoxia
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The format wars have escalated! Richard Reid has stolen ACF's plans for world domination and is taking off down a hill at 16 km/hr. FTPE:,
[10] This is the term for the force exerted by the ground on Mr. Reid's feet.
Answer: normal force
[10] Ryan Westbrook, eager to prove his worthiness to the ACF Cabal, punches a kid, takes his skateboard, and starts off after Mr. Reid, achieving a speed of 20 km/hr. If Mr. Reid is still going 16 km/hr, then in Reid's frame of reference, how fast is Ryan going?
Answer: 4 km/hr
[10] After a short chase, Ryan tackles the thief in this kind of collision in which the kinetic energy of the conjoined Westbrook-Reid system is reduced but the total momentum remains the same.
Answer: perfectly inelastic collision
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Its throne room houses the gypsum chair, and its floor plan suggested the manner of a labyrinth, though it must have burned down after 1400 BC. FTPE:,
[10] Name this city and palace in northern Crete, the center of Minoan civilization.
Answer: Knossos
[10] Knossos was excavated by this archaeologist, the curator of the Ashmolean museum who wrote Cretan Pictographs and Prae-Phoenician Script, and inspired Michael Ventris.
Answer: Arthur Evans
[10] Borrowed by the Mycenaeans from the Minoans, this script has no sign for consecutive consonants, expressing only open syllables. It was deciphered by analogy with Etruscan script by John Chadwick and Michael Ventris.
Answer: Linear B
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Claude Langham exclaims that the "search for moral language had to yield the incomprehensible" in his film about a dying writer who makes up a story about his ungrateful family, Providence. FTPE:,
[10] Name this French filmmaker best known for Muriel: The Time of the Return, Last Year at Marienbad, and Hiroshima mon amour.
Answer: Alain Resnais [ren-NE]
[10] One of Resnais's first works was a biography of this artist using only images of his paintings, such as Portrait of Dr. Gachet, Potato Eaters, and Starry Night.
Answer: Vincent van Gogh
[10] Resnais used archive footage for his 1992 biography of this American composer of Concerto in F, Cuban Overture, and Rhapsody in Blue.
Answer: George Gershwin
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Name this stuff relating to the career of Oliver Ellsworth FTPE.,
[10] Ellsworth was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention from this state. He worked with Roger Sherman on a namesake compromise between the Virginia and New Jersey Plans.
Answer: Connecticut
[10] Ellsworth was the head of the ten-man committee that produced this "keystone of American federalism", an act that gave birth to one of the branches of government and authorized the issuance of writs of mandamus.
Answer: Judiciary Act of 1789
[10] Ellsworth was appointed to this position in 1796 after the Senate rejected the nomination of John Rutledge.
Answer: Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
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He is too obscure to be a tossup answer for ACF Fall, regardless of how many high schoolers have read his story. FTPE:,
[10] This dude thinks he's a superman, offs a pawnbroker, and spends much of the rest of the book trying to outwit Porfiry Petrovitch and keep his sister Dounya from marrying the scumbags Luzhin and Svidrigailov.
Answer: Rodion (or Rodya) Romanovich Raskolnikov
[10] Raskolnikov is the protagonist of this Dostoyevsky work.
Answer: Crime and Punishment or Prestupleniye i nakazaniye
[10] Except for the epilogue, Crime and Punishment takes place in this major city, where Dostoyevksy attended engineering school.
Answer: St. Petersburg
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A short lead in to go with some short stories. FTPE:,
[10] In this story, Gambler John Oakhurst is ostracized from the titular small settlement along with "The Duchess", "Mother Shipton", and "Uncle Billy". The entire party is caught in a snowstorm and tragedy ensues.
Answer: "The Outcasts of Poker Flat"
[10] This author of "The Outcasts of Poker Flat" was born in Albany, New York, but became famous for his literary portrayals of the life of early settlers of California.
Answer: Bret Harte
[10] The title character of this Harte story was raised by the roughs of the mining settlement in which he was born, after his mother, Cherokee Sal, died in childbirth. However, he did not live to the age of two, dying in a flood in the arms of Kentuck.
Answer: "The Luck of Roaring Camp"
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The name was coined by Robert Spencer, Earl of Sunderland, in a letter to William of Orange. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this 1688-1689 invasion of England culminating in the coronation of William and his wife Mary as King and Queen Regnant.
Answer: Glorious Revolution
[10] On the "Irish Night", this deposed king was seized by fishermen on the Isle of Sheppey, and his tyrannical Lord Chief Justice George Jeffreys seized in London.
Answer: James II [prompt on partial answer]
[10] As the accession of the childless Queen Anne to succeed William III approached, Parliament passed this act requiring future English kings to be Protestant descendents of Sophia of the Palatinate.
Answer: Act of Settlement
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In a 1960 work, he accepted social limits on human behavior and consciousness and acknowledged the influence of group structure on labor's sense of alienation. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author of Critique of Dialectical Reason and Being and Nothingness.
Answer: Jean-Paul Sartre
[10] This Sartre novel deals with Antoine Roquentin's experience dealing with the "sweetish sickness." His disgust towards existence eventually leads him to a revelation into the nature of his existence.
Answer: Nausea
[10] This French thinker, who tried to blend existentialist with phenomenology, studied with Sartre and wrote The Phenomenology of Perception.
Answer: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

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