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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by U Washingon A + South Carolina A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its author responded to criticism of this play in a "Letter on the Comedy of the Imposter." Near the end of this play, the Norman-born Bailiff Loyal orders the protagonist to vacate his house. Before the action of this play, Argas entrusts the villain with incriminating documents. The title character of this play convinces the protagonist to let him spend more time with Elmire. This play includes the servant Dorine, and ends with the planned marriage of Valere and Mariane. The final act of this play sees an officer of King Louis XIV ordering the title character arrested, saving the house of Orgon and his family. For 10 points, name this Moliere comedy about a religious hypocrite.
Answer: Tartuffe
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This god's wife is the mother of the snowshoe god Ullr. In one story, this god prevents the marriage of his daughter Thrudd by posing a series of riddles to the dwarf Alvis. This god's servant Thialfi loses a footrace to Thought in the land of Utgard Loki. This god dresses up as Freya to retrieve an object stolen from him by Thrym. The sons of Ivaldi make golden hair to replace the lock stolen from this god's wife Sif. This god's chariot is pulled by a pair of goats, and he will take nine steps after killing but being poisoned by the Midgard Serpent at Ragnarok. For 10 points, name this Norse wielder of the hammer Mjollnir, the god of thunder.
Answer: Thor
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The flat roofs prevalent in this town owe mainly to the influence of architect Louis-Michel Thibault. One of the traditional boundary markers of this city was formerly called Lion's Rump, and it is bounded to the south by Devil's Peak.. Sailors who confused this city's chief bay with another led to that smaller bay being named False Bay, and one of its main thoroughfares is Adderley Street, renamed from Heerengracht in 18 Sections of this city that houses the City Bowl include those along Table Mountain, and Guguletu and Nyanga West were its two main black ghettos. Containing the Castle of Good Hope, for 10 points, name this legislative capital of South Africa.
Answer: Cape Town
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This architect collaborated with Nadir Afonso on a plan which he implemented in The House of the Mad or Radiant City. This architect designed the College of Architecture in the same city in which he designed a rotating metal open hand and the Palace of Justice. This architect included the sections "The Lesson of Rome" and "Eyes That Do Not See" in his magnum opus, Towards a New Architecture, written decades before he served as lead designer of Chandigarh, India. This architect is best known for a church in Ronchamp and a house in Poissy executed in the International Style. For 10 points, name this French architect of the Villa Savoye.
Answer: Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris [or Le Corbusier]
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Rossi and Hall measured the extent to which this phenomenon affected mu mesons observed at the top of a mountain and at sea level. This concept explains why simultaneity is not absolute for individuals separated by a long enough distance, and in the transverse Doppler effect, it explains the frequency reductions seen by both observers. A gedanken-experiment involving this effect concerns the aging of an individual traveling in space versus one remaining stationary on earth. The twin paradox arises from, for 10 points, what consequence of special relativity whereby clocks in moving reference frames tick slower than those in stationary ones?
Answer: time dilation [prompt on "special relativity" before mentioned]
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A failed naval expedition led by this country's Blanco Encalada resulted in the 1837 Treaty of Paucarpata, while its 1925 Constitution began its Presidential Republic period. This modern day country was captured in a campaign led by Pedro de Valdivia; that campaign saw fighting against its native Araucanian or Mapuche Indians. This country's Patria Vieja period of independence was ended at the Disaster of Rancagua. Its independence campaign was led by men like the Carrera Brothers and Bernardo O'Higgins, and the 19th century saw the flourishing of its free port Valparaiso. For 10 points, name this South American country led in the 20th century by Salvador Allende and Augusto Pinochet.
Answer: Chile
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One song by this artist claims that "in a box beneath my bed is a letter that you never read." This singer threatens to "strike a match on all my wasted time" before telling the subject he's "just another picture to burn." This artist notes that "I'm not a princess, this ain't a fairy tale" in the chorus of "White Horse." In one of her music videos, she communicates with a high school football star by holding up notes to her bedroom window. That video won a 2009 MTV VMA award, despite Kanye West's stage stealing announcement that "Beyonce had one of the best videos of all time." For 10 points, name this pop-country singer of "You Belong with Me," and "Teardrops On My Guitar."
Answer: Taylor Swift
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One major pathway involving this compound is the tuberoinfundibular one that transfers it from the hypothalamus to the pituitary gland. This compound is involved in voluntary motor control via its nigriostriatal pathway, and it binds with lactotrophs in order to inhibit the secretion of prolactin, which is a major antagonist of it. It is the immediate precursor of norepinephrine in the epinephrine synthesis pathway. Antagonists of this neurotransmitter are used to treat schizophrenia, and deficiency of this neurotransmitter can lead to Parkinson's disease. For 10 points, name this neurotransmitter associated with the brain's pleasure center whose precursor is L-dopa.
Answer: dopamine
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Daniel Dombrowski's book entitled "Rethinking this" includes a defence of Charles Hartshorne's formulation of it. Another formulation of it by Norman Malcolm was criticized by a man who later presented his own version of it, Alvin Plantinga. The fact that the sum of the angles in a triangle is always one hundred eighty degrees was used in Descartes' version of this argument, and its original formulation was criticized by Kant, who argued that existence is not a predicate. Gaunilo's In Defense of the Fool attacks, for 10 points, what a priori argument for God's existence originally proposed by St. Anselm?
Answer: ontological argument or proof
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This man was criticized by subordinate William Rosecrans for his caution at skirmishes at Rich Mountain and Philippi Races. One of this man's campaigns was stalled by the trickery of John Magruder, who made him believe that his enemy had substantially more troops. This man led one side at the battles of Williamsburg and the Seven Days Battles, part of the aforementioned Peninsular Campaign, and later his extreme caution also cost him a decisive victory when he left troops in reserve numbering more than the entire opposing army at an 1862 battle which ended the Confederate's Maryland Campaign. For 10 points, name this general, the first commander of the Army of the Potomac who led Union troops at the Battle of Antietam.
Answer: George Brinton McClellan
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The narrator of this poem mentions the "tale of the murder in cold blood of four hundred and twelve young men" after noting that "not one escaped to tell the fall of the Alamo." In another section, a woman watches "Twenty-eight young men bathe by the shore." In the sixth of this poem's fifty two sections, the narrator suggests answers like the "handkerchief of the lord" to a child's query of "What is the grass?" The narrator justifies the line "very well then I contradict myself" by declaring "I am large, I contain multitudes." For 10 points, name this poem which opens with the line "I celebrate myself," the longest poem Walt Whitman included in his Leaves of Grass.
Answer: "Song of Myself"
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Bentonite acts as an extreme barrier for this class of substances, limiting their mobility due to ultrafiltration. The zeta potential describes electric potential at the double layer interfaces seen in this class of substances. Their stable formation, termed peptization, is opposed by the formation of large clusters of particles in these systems, a process known as flocculation. The Tyndall effect describes light scattering through this type of substance, which is characterized by separate continuous and dispersed phases. For 10 points, name this type of chemical mixture where particles of one substance are dispersed throughout another, examples of which include foams, gels, and emulsions.
Answer: colloids
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Gerrit Lundens' copy of this painting in London's National Gallery reveals its pre-cropped state, in which the large arch in the background was closer to the center. A partially out-of-frame man beats a drum on the extreme right of this painting, while in the background a man in armor holds an orange and blue flag. The two main figures are a man dressed in yellow and carrying an ensheathed sword, and a man in a red sash, while many of the background figures are holding pikes. For 10 points, name this painting depicting the company of Frans Banning Cocq, a work by Rembrandt.
Answer: The Night Watch [or De Nachtwacht; accept The Company of Frans Banning Cocq and Willem van Ruytenburch before mentioned]
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This author mentions "Callimachus, Who handled marble as if it were bronze," in a poem that includes "a long legged bird" and "Two Chinamen, behind them a third" inscribed into the title gem. The narrator of another of his poems wishes for "such a form as Grecian goldsmiths make," and asks "sages standing in God's holy fire" to "be the singing-masters" of his soul after leaving a place that is "no country for old men." This author of "Lapis Lazuli" also asked "what rough beast" "Slouches towards Bethlehem to be born" in a poem in which "Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold." For 10 points, name this Irish poet of "Sailing to Byzantium," and "The Second Coming."
Answer: William Butler Yeats
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Fibonacci heaps are used in Johnson's Algorithm to determine this, and an efficient way to determine it via a best-first method is A* [A-STAR]. One variety of this class of algorithms runs in N cubed time in the size of the graph and is the all-pairs approach, which is slower than the Bellman-Ford algorithm of this type. The simplest algorithm for determining this involves a single source and a single destination with nonnegative edge weights and is named for Dijkstra. For 10 points, name this class of algorithms which determines the minimum sum of the weights between two nodes of a graph, exemplified by the quickest way to get between two cities given the time spent on roads between them.
Answer: shortest-path algorithms [accept clear equivalents; prompt on "graph search", "tree search", or anything else involving searching]
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This architect used gold leaf and arcade window walls for his Golden Door, part of the Transportation Building in Chicago. This architect's National Farmer's Bank, which uses terra cotta in its window outlines, is similar to one work that was commissioned by Hascal Taylor. This designer of the Buffalo Guaranty Building used floating ties for one work for which he collaborated with Dankmar Adler, the Auditorium Building, and drew on the exterior ornaments of Reims Catheral for another work largely constructed of red brick. The Wainwright Building was designed by, for 10 points, what architect, whose mantra was "form follows function?"
Answer: Louis Henri Sullivan
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One of these types of events was quelled by Henry le Despenser, and another one was ended by the Battle of Mello. The forces of Guillaume Cale and Etienne Marcel joined together in one of these events, and the apocalyptic preacher Thomas Munzer led one in Thuringia. The Statute of Labourers was a cause of one of these events in England, whose namesake leader was beheaded on the order of the lord mayor of London William Walworth, and Martin Luther wrote Against the Murdering, Thieving Hordes in opposition to one of these events. For 10 points, name these types of events that included the Wat Tyler Rebellion and the Jacquerie.
Answer: Peasant Revolts [accept reasonable equivalents, such as Peasant Wars; or Peasant Uprisings; or Popular revolts]
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This man collaborated with Hans Gerth on Character and Social Structure, and asserted that American labor leaders have subordinated themselves to capitalism in The New Men of Power. Another work by this man denounces the "Grand Theory" of Talcott Parsons and advocates a more human version of sociology. This author of The Sociological Imagination wrote about the Cuban revolution in Listen, Yankee. He described how workers are alienated by a "salesmanship mentality" in one work and argued that the United States is controlled by the "higher circles" of the military, politics, and business in his most famous work. For 10 points, name this sociologist who wrote White Collar and The Power Elite.
Answer: Charles Wright Mills
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In one of this author's novels, the narrator admires the gambler Hat, and tells of the carpenter Popo who never builds anything useful and the poet B. Wordsworth who is still working on the first line of his epic poem. In addition to Miguel Street, this author wrote about Salim, who opens a shop across from a Big Burger franchise in a country ruled by the Big Man. In another novel, this author wrote about a six fingered journalist who is tricked into marrying into the Tulsi family while working as a sign painter. For 10 points, name this Trinidadian author of A House for Mr. Biswas and A Bend in the River.
Answer: Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul
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One assay for measuring this entity's activity involves production of the yellow byproduct orthonitrophenol from ONPG. In vivo, IPTG can be used to directly induce this entity's activity, which can then be monitored by breakdown of X-gal. This entity's structural elements produce permease and transacetylase enzymes. Cyclic AMP binds to catabolite activator protein in the positive regulation of this genetic construct, which also produces the enzyme beta-galactosidase. Its activity is negated in the presence of large amounts of glucose because glucose can substitute as a carbon source for its namesake sugar. For 10 points, identify this operon regulating the breakdown of that sugar, which is found in milk.
Answer: lac operon [accept beta-galactosidase until "induce"]
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by U Washingon A + South Carolina A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
After the Cylon invasion of New Caprica, she is imprisoned by Leoben. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this character who marries Sam Anders and who disappears after the coordinates she extracted from a song lead to Earth.
Answer: Starbuck or [Kara Thrace]
[10] Kara Thrace is a character on this Sci-Fi Channel remake in which Captain Adama commands the title ship and leads the remnants of human civilization on an exodus through space.
Answer: Battlestar Galactica
[10] Kara Thrace's husband Sam Anders is the Captain of the Caprica Buccaneers, a professional team that plays this fictional sport named for the shape of its playing field.
Answer: Pyramid
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Two sets of these compositions were set in all major and minor keys by Charles Alkan. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of work, whose name is French for "study." They are commonly played by new piano students, and Carl Czerny and Claude Debussy composed popular works of this type.
Answer: etude
[10] The twelfth of Chopin's etudes features a fast and loud left hand descending harmonic scale and is given this name, as it was contemporaneous with the November Uprising.
Answer: The Revolutionary Etude
[10] This twentieth-century French composer wrote a set of four etudes "in rhythm," but is best known for a work first played in a concentration camp, Quartet for the End of Time.
Answer: Olivier Messiaen
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The Stefan-Boltzmann law gives the total luminosity emitted by an object of this type. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of object that absorbs all electromagnetic radiation incident upon it.
Answer: black body
[10] This man's distribution for black body radiation is a function of frequency, the speed of light, and his namesake constant, equal to 6.626 times 10 to the minus 34 joule seconds.
Answer: Max Planck
[10] The ultraviolet catastrophe occurs as a consequence of this attempted doubly-eponymous explanation of blackbody radiation in classical terms. It provides a good approximation to Planck's law at long wavelengths.
Answer: Rayleigh-Jeans law
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The protagonist of this novel is hit over the head with a rifle while retreating and pretends it's a bullet wound. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel that includes the death of Jim Conklin and the Civil War experiences of Henry Fleming.
Answer: The Red Badge of Courage
[10] This author of The Red Badge of Courage also wrote Maggie: A Girl of the Streets and short stories like "The Open Boat."
Answer: Stephen Crane
[10] The title poem of this Crane poetry collection discusses figures who "came from the sea" with "clang and clang of spear and shield." One of its poems features "a creature, naked, bestial," who eats his heart, because it is his heart.
Answer: The Black Riders and Other Lines
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Identify some things about an ancient group of people, for 10 points each:,
[10] This Mediterranean civilization that stretched across Syria, Lebanon and Israel was known for its maritime trading prowess and for the spread of their namesake alphabet. These people also founded a North African colony at Carthage.
Answer: Phoenicians
[10] This city, now in southern Lebanon, was a major Phoenician trading port famous for its purple dye. It was besieged and largely destroyed by Alexander the Great in 332 BCE.
Answer: Tyre
[10] The famous Tyrian or royal purple was created using mucus from this predatory mollusk with a spiny shell.
Answer: Murex
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He referred to the "imponderability of everyday life" and insisted that ethnographers have daily contact with their subjects. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this anthropologist who founded functionalism, attempted to disprove the universality of the Oedipus complex, and wrote The Sexual Life of Savages in North-Western Melanesia.
Answer: Bronislaw Malinowski
[10] This most famous book by Malinowski has a foreword by James Frazer, and focuses on the same islanders who were the subjects of Coral Gardens and Their Magic and The Sexual Life of Savages in North-Western Melanesia.
Answer: Argonauts of the Western Pacific
[10] This other anthropologist built off of Malinowski's work to develop structural functionalism, and integrated the ideas of Durkheim into books like The Andaman Islanders and Social Organisation of Australian Tribes.
Answer: Alfred Radcliffe-Brown
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In translating to populations, Bessel modified this quantity for a sample by adding a correction of the square root of N over quantity N minus one, where N is the number of observations in the sample. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this quantity, symbolized sigma, which can be calculated by taking the square root of the sum of the squares of the differences of observed values from the mean. Its square is equal to variance.
Answer: standard deviation
[10] According to a common rule from statistics, about 99.7 percent of the population lies within this many standard deviations from the mean.
Answer: 3
[10] This statement claims that no more than one over k-squared of the values of a probability distribution is located beyond k standard deviations from the mean.
Answer: Bienyame-Chebyshev's inequality or theorem
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Identify the following about some people present at the Constitutional Convention, for 10 points each.,
[10] One of the most influential figures at the convention was this man, whose Virginia Plan framed much of the debate. This future president would later co-author the Federalist Papers with John Jay and Alexander Hamilton.
Answer: James Madison
[10] With his fellow delegate Oliver Ellsworth, this man formulated the Connecticut Compromise. Earlier, he was on the Committee of Five that was tasked with writing the Declaration of Independence.
Answer: Roger Sherman
[10] Another signer was this one-time President of Pennsylvania, who gained fame with his Letters From a Pennsylvania Farmer.
Answer: John Dickinson
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This group held a conference at Saint-Felix-de-Caraman, which saw attendance by the Bogomil leader Nicetas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Gnostic-like sect that was popular in France's Languedoc region around the 12th and 13th centuries. They were the target of a papal crusade after one person from this sect murdered Pierre de Castelnau.
Answer: Cathars [or Albigensians; accept word forms]
[10] The Cathars were influenced by this earlier dualist heresy which originated in Iran. This heresy influenced by Christian Apocryphal texts and Buddhism.
Answer: Manichaeism
[10] Nazi revisionist history dictated that the Cathars knew where this object was kept. This utensil was used by Jesus at the Last Supper, and several Arthurian knights tried looking for it.
Answer: Holy Grail
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The study of this novel is known as Redology. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Cao Xueqin novel that includes Grandmother Jia and describes the construction of the elaborate Prospect Garden where Miaoyu hides.
Answer: Dream of the Red Chamber [or Story of the Stone]
[10] This book follows the travels of a Buddhist monk to India during the Tang dynasty, along with his companions Pig and Monkey.
Answer: Journey to the West
[10] This work set near Liangshan is about one hundred and eight rebels led by Song Jiang. The central group of this work is eventually offered amnesty by the Emperor so they can fight against the Liao invaders.
Answer: Water Margin [or Shuihu Zhuan; or All Men Are Brothers; or Outlaws of the Marsh; or The Marshes of Mount Liang]
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Name some examples of The Matter of Britain, literary works related to Arthurian legend, for 10 points each:,
[10] This work which has sections like "The Tale of Sir Gareth of Orkney" was written by Sir Thomas Malory in prison.
Answer: Le Morte D'Arthur [The Death of Arthur]
[10] This poem, written by the mysterious Pearl Poet, involves a beheading challenge between the titular knight of the Round Table and a mysterious guest.
Answer: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
[10] This 12th century French poet touched on Arthurian legend in romances like Yvain, the Knight of the Lion and Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart.
Answer: Chretien de Troyes
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Answer the following about transcendentalism, for 10 points each.,
[10] One of the main figures associated with the movement was this New Englander who penned philosophical essays like "The Over-Soul," "Nature," and "The American Scholar."
Answer: Ralph Waldo Emerson
[10] In this essay, Emerson laments that "Man … dares not say `I think,' `I am,' but quotes some saint or sage." As its title indicates, it calls for the avoidance of conformity in favor of individual identity.
Answer: "Self-Reliance"
[10] In 1841, George Ripley founded this utopian community in Massachusetts, based on transcendentalist principles. It was fictionalized in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Blithedale Romance.
Answer: Brook Farm
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Its chief commercial use is in the production of phosphoric acid for fertilizers, and it used to be created in the Chamber Process. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this chemical compound with formula H2SO4.
Answer: sulfuric acid [or oil of vitriol; dihydrogen monosulfate]
[10] One way to create sulfuric acid is through this process, which creates sulfur dioxide and reacts that to form another intermediate, sulfur trioxide. Vanadium oxide is used to catalyze the reaction.
Answer: contact process
[10] A common laboratory demonstration sees the use of 18 molar sulfuric acid to dehydrate this disaccharide, yielding pure carbon in a coal-like form. It results from the combination of glucose and fructose.
Answer: sucrose [prompt on "sugar"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about the use of the fresco in Italian art, for 10 points each.,
[10] This artist, who is often considered the first Italian Renaissance artist, decorated the Arena Chapel in Padua with such scenes as the Lamentation of Christ.
Answer: Giotto di Bondone
[10] This artist painted stories from the Old Testament in the Brancacci Chapel in Florence, but is perhaps better known for The Tribute Money and The Holy Trinity.
Answer: Masaccio
[10] This mural by Leonardo da Vinci is technically not a fresco, as it uses tempera on plaster and stone. It is located in the Santa Maria delle Grazie church in Milan.
Answer: The Last Supper [or L'Ultima Cena; or Il Cenacolo]
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Answer some questions about islands in Melanesia, for 10 points each.,
[10] The 13 islands that make up this country include the Torres in the north and the Anatom and Pentecost in the south. Its island of Tanna is the site of the John Frum cargo cult, and it was formerly part of the New Hebrides.
Answer: Republic of Vanuatu
[10] This country's capital of Suva resides on its largest island, Viti Levu.
Answer: Republic of the Fiji Islands
[10] Like many other places, this group of islands has been called the "Spice Islands." The Dutch gained full control of them after taking Tidore Island, and their northern province contains the important islands of Ternate and Halmahera.
Answer: Maluku Islands [or Moluccas or Moluccan Islands]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Benedict XIII got himself expelled from this city after following Clement VII as one of its two anti-popes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French city, home to a series of legitimate popes earlier in the 14th Century.
Answer: Avignon
[10] The subsequent Great Schism began after this pope ended the Avignon Papacy by returning to Rome. His move was largely attributed to Saint Catherine of Siena.
Answer: Pope Gregory XI [or Pierre Roger de Beaufort]
[10] This ecumenical council held between 1414 and 1418 ended the Papal Schism. It picked up where the failed Council of Pisa left off.
Answer: Council of Constance
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This constant plays a role in the competitive Lotka-Volterra equations, and humans have been able to change it through developments in agriculture. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this constant, usually symbolized K, the theoretical limit on population size for a species.
Answer: carrying capacity
[10] The growth of a population can be modeled by this type of curve, whose upper horizontal asymptote is the carrying capacity. It is S-shaped and can be represented by one over quantity one plus e to the minus t.
Answer: logistic curve [prompt on "sigmoid curve"]
[10] Unlike K-selection, this type of selection in non-equilibrium conditions is characterized by high fecundity and the ability for offspring to reach maturity quickly and disperse.
Answer: r-selection [or rate selection]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author's only comedy is The Broken Jug, and he wrote about Wenzel von Tronka seizing a horse dealer's horses in the novella Michael Kohlhaas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German author whose influential short stories include "The Earthquake in Chile" and "The Marquise of O."
Answer: Bernd Heinrich Wilhelm von Kleist
[10] This German playwright won the Kleist prize for his plays Baal and Drums in the Night. He is better known for collaborating with Kurt Weill on The Threepenny Opera and setting Mother Courage and her Children in the Thirty Years War.
Answer: Bertolt Brecht
[10] In this Brecht play, the judge Azdak grants Grusha custody of a baby when she refrains from pulling it out of the title construct.
Answer: The Caucasian Chalk Circle [ Der Kaukasische Kreidekreis]
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Francisco Pizarro conquered this empire whose rulers included Pachacuti and Athahualpa. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this South American empire with cities at Ollantaytambo and Vilcabamba.
Answer: Incan Empire
[10] This Inca city was shaped like a puma and served as the capital of the empire. Legend holds that it was built by Pachacuti.
Answer: Cuzco
[10] This Sapa Inca served as the first king of the Inca Empire and ruled from Cuzco. He was supposedly the son of the sun god Inti and Mama Quilla and his son Roca succeeded him.
Answer: Manco Capac
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some members of the Indo-European language family, for 10 points each.,
[10] Part of the Indo-Iranian subfamily is this language with a large Persian vocabulary, one of the two official languages of Pakistan. Along with Hindi, it is often considered to be a dialect of Hindustani.
Answer: Urdu [accept Undri]
[10] Silesian is sometimes said to be a dialect of this Slavic language. Linguists from its namesake country include Jan Baudouin de Courtenay and the creator of Esperanto, L.L. Zamenhof.
Answer: Polish [or polszczyzna; or jazyk polski]
[10] Variants of this Hellenic language include Attic and koine, as well as the extinct Mycenaean form.
Answer: Greek [or Ellinika]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Her play Night of January 16th picks members of the audience to play jurors, and she addressed the "Philosophy of Literature" in the essay collection The Romantic Manifesto. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this objectivist author who wrote about the architect Howard Roark in The Fountainhead.
Answer: Ayn Rand [or Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum]
[10] In this Rand novel, Dr. Robert Stadler works at the State Science Institute and railroad magnate Dagny Taggart encounters John Galt.
Answer: Atlas Shrugged
[10] In this Rand novella, Equality 7-2521 is forced to work as a street sweeper before falling in love with Liberty 5-3000 and running off to the Uncharted Forest where he rediscovers the word "I."
Answer: Anthem

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