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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by Tiebreaker Questions
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
When the parameter is set to one, it can be expanded as a series whose coefficients are Stieltjes constants, and it can be evaluated using Parseval's theorem. A generalization of it is called the Hurwitz function, and it resembles a p-series. When evaluated at 2, it gives the solution to the Basel problem, and Ramanujan showed that it is equal to minus one twelfths when evaluated at negative one. 1.5 million roots have been shown to lie on the critical strip, but it is not known whether all roots have a real part 1/2, and this function is closely associated with the prime number theorem. For 10 points, identify this function named for a German mathematician who has a namesake hypothesis
Answer: Riemann zeta function [prompt on partial]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He meditates on a cobblestone thrown at his grandmother on her wedding day because she married a Catholic in his elegies, "Clearances," which are found in his collection Haw Lantern, while his other works include Wintering Out and Station Island. The speaker of one poem comments, "Between my finger . . . the squat pen rests; as snug as a gun" while observing his father digging, and in the title poem of one work Mrs. Walls' mundane explanation of reproduction contrasts with his adventures in the "flax-dam" gathering frog spawn. For 10 points, identify this Irish poet of Death of a Naturalist, who translated Beowulf.
Answer: Seamus Heaney
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He fought with William the Rich until the Treaty of Venlo gave him the Duchy of Guelders, and with the help of his sister Eleanor, the Queen of France, he secured the Peace of Crepy. He defeated Barbarossa to capture Tunis, and he defeated the Schmalkaldic League at Muhlberg with the help of the Duke of Alba. His general Charles of Lannoy secured the Treaty of Madrid for this man by defeating Francis I at Pavia. The son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna the Mad, he issued an edict condemning Martin Luther after calling the Diet of Worms. For 10 points, name this Habsburg father of Philip II who ruled both Spain and the Holy Roman Empire.
Answer: Charles V [or Charles I of Spain]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one of this author's stories, a mother prevents her daughter Dee from taking the family quilts from her younger sister Maggie; that work is "Everyday Use." This author wrote about Tashi, who murders the female circumciser M'Lissa, and in another work Brownfeld has an affair at the Dew Drop Inn with his father's lover Josie. In addition to Possessing Secret Joy and The Third Life of Grange Copeland, in another work Corrine and Reverend Samuel take in Nettie, while the protagonist is forced into an abusive marriage with Mr. [blank] before having a relationship with Shug Avery. For 10 points, name this author who wrote about Celie in The Color Purple.
Answer: Alice Walker
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this play is wary of going to the city because he heard a story of a man dying from eating fifty pancakes. Another character attempts to dismiss the old maid Anfisa and tries to force refugee victims of a local fire out of the house under the pretense of protecting her baby Bobik. In the last act Baron Tuzenbach is killed by Solony in a duel over one central character, while Captain Vershinin's transfer to another post leaves one title character trapped in her marriage to Kulygin. For 10 points, Irina, Olga, and Masha are the title characters of which Anton Chekhov play?
Answer: The Three Sisters [or Tri sestry]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He oversaw the transition of the throne to his brother Pedro after the death of Duarte and pacified Leonor of Aragon after her temper tantrum at Alemquer castle, and Gil Eanes rose to fame under this man. As an advisor to Edward, he agreed to give Zala ben Zala's son back in exchange for the captured Ferdinand at the failed invasion of Tangiers, though he was successful earlier in the capture of Ceuta. He was appointed governor of the Algrave province, and this son of Joao I established a colony at the Vila do Infante near Cape Vincent which produced such innovations as the caravel. For 10 points, identify this Portuguese prince best remembered for his love for exploring.
Answer: Henry the Navigator [or Infante Henrique of Portugal, Duke of Viseu; or Henry the Seafarer]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its translational motions are commonly called Slichter modes, and early models for it included a 450 km thick F-layer on its exterior. An important discovery about its differential rotation was made by Dziewonski, and it was hypothesized by Inge Lehmann in 1936. The cause of faster propagation of seismic waves parallel to earth's rotation axis in this region is uncertain, and its interactions with the region above it generate the earth's magnetic field according to the geodynamo theory. For 10 points, identify this region composed mainly of a iron-nickel alloy, which may be found below the outer core.
Answer: inner core [prompt on core until "F-layer"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poet asks in one poem, "What to make of a diminished thing?" and the speaker of another poem discusses a "luminary clock" that "proclaimed the time was neither wrong nor right" before asserting that he is "acquainted with the night." In addition to "Oven Bird" he wrote about a boy who has his hand cut off by a saw in "Out! Out!," while Silas is the title character of one poem, who is eventually found by Warren "huddled against the barn-door." The speaker of another poem says his apples will never disturb his neighbor's pine cones despite the maxim "good fences make good neighbors." For 10 points, name this poet of "Death of the Hired Man" and "Mending Wall."
Answer: Robert Frost
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man's works such as Israel and the Law and Frieze of Prophets were painted for the Triumph of Religion series at the Boston Public Library. He painted portraits of Frederick Law Olmstead and Lady Agnew of Lochnaw, in addition to depicting Evelyn, Mabel, and Mildred Vickers in The Misses Vickers. He also depicted soldiers holding rifles walking in a file with bandages over their eyes in Gassed, while a better known work shows two girls lighting Chinese lanterns and is called Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose. Better known for a scandalous depiction of Virginie Gautreau, for 10 points, identify this American artist of Madame X.
Answer: John Singer Sargent
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Ancient forms of this material have been found to contain tetravalent uranium. Glendonite is an example of this material which retains the shape of ikatite, which is itself a hydrated form of this mineral. Vaterite and aragonite are polymorphs of this substance, which is used as the standard for 3 on Mohs hardness scale, and exhibits perfect rhombohedral cleavage along 3 planes. A special example of it found in standing waters in caves is called Dogtooth spar, and it is also found in marble and limestone. For 10 points, identify this mineral that is mostly made of calcium carbonate.
Answer: calcite
 
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by Tiebreaker Questions
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about the election of 1872, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man won reelection despite his administration being implicated in the Credit Mobilier scandal earlier in the year. He would repay the voters' trust by having the administration of his second term implicated in the Whiskey Ring.
Answer: Ulysses Simpson Grant
[10] This editor of the New York Tribune was the loser of the election, and he died within the month.
Answer: Horace Greeley
[10] Though he was also supported by the Democrats, Greeley was officially nominated by this splinter party of Republicans dissatisfied with Grant's policies. It ceased to exist after the election.
Answer: Liberal Republican Party
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The spies Porpentine and Robin Goodfellow try to prevent "the balloon" from "going up" in this work's section, "Under the Rose." For 10 points each:,
[10] Meatball Mulligan hosts a party right below the sheltered apartment of Callisto, who is trying to nurse an injured bird in "Entropy," which is found in this short story collection.
Answer: Slow Learner
[10] Name this author of Slow Leaner, who wrote about Tyrone Slothrop in Gravity's Rainbow. He also wrote Vineland and V.
Answer: Thomas Pynchon
[10] In this Pynchon novel, the death of Pierce Inverarity leads Oedipa Maas to investigate the Tristero Organization.
Answer: The Crying of Lot 49
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They are composed mostly of protons, other atomic nuclei, and electrons. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this type of extraterrestrial radiation that continually bombards the earth.
Answer: cosmic rays
[10] Cosmic rays which do not escape the earth's magnetic field get trapped in these regions named for an Iowa scientist.
Answer: van Allen radiation belts
[10] Electrons spiraling in the direction of magnetic field lines produce this type of current named for a Norwegian experimental astrophysicist, who demonstrated some curious results pertaining to aurorae with a terrella.
Answer: Kristian Birkeland
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name some functionaries present at the Congress of Vienna, for 10 points each.,
[10] The congress was chaired by this Austrian minister who dominated European politics before being removed from power in the Revolution of 1848. During the Napoleonic Wars, he worked to preserve balance of power.
Answer: Klemns Wenzel von Metternich
[10] Britain was originally represented by this Foreign Secretary who proposed the Congress system. Earlier, he had resolved a political dispute with George Canning in the best way possible - by shooting him in a duel.
Answer: Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh [accept either]
[10] Prussia was represented by Hardenberg and this man who served as a diplomat until 1819, when he decided to devote himself more to linguistics. His work is generally regarded as the basis of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis.
Answer: Wilhelm von Humboldt
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The absence of them can cause a delay in spindle elongation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these star shaped structures which extend from centrosomes at the poles of a dividing cell outwards towards the cell cortex, and are not to be confused with polar microtubules.
Answer: aster [or astral microtubules]
[10] Asters help determine the plane of cleavage of during this final stage of mitosis, which follows telophase, and results in two identical daughter nuclei.
Answer: cytokinesis
[10] Experiments suggest that microtubules shorten at the kinetochore ends during this phase when chromosomes separate towards opposite poles of the cell
Answer: anaphase
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Jean Tarrou convinces Raymond Rambert not to flee the titular phenomenon. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which Dr. Rieux tries to fight the titular outbreak in Oran.
Answer: The Plague [accept La Peste]
[10] He wrote about Clamence, who lectures a stranger on the correct way to drink while in a bar called Mexico City in The Fall, but this Algerian is better known for writing The Plague.
Answer: Albert Camus
[10] D'Arrast helps a sailor carry a heavy rock in a church procession in Igaupe, Brazil in "The Growing Stone," which is featured along with "The Guest" and "The Adulterous Woman" in this Camus short story collection.
Answer: Exile and the Kingdom [or L'Exil et le royaume]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It resulted in troops led by Guillaume de Nogaret storming the papal residence at Anagni and holding Boniface VIII captive for three days. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this papal bull issued by Boniface that proclaimed the supremacy of the church over temporal powers.
Answer: Unam sanctam
[10] Guillaume was acting on behalf of this French monarch, who provoked a long feud with Boniface by placing a tax on the clergy.
Answer: Phillip the Fair or Phillip IV [accept Phillip I of Navarre]
[10] In further violation of papal authority, Phillip had Guillaume preside over some show trials of this military order. He had their grandmaster, Jacques de Molay, burned at the stake.
Answer: Knights Templar [or Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon or Knights of the Temple]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The general definition of this quality is synonymous with computability, and canonical uses of it include solving the Towers of Hanoi and computing factorials. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this term given to functions that call themselves, often contrasted with iterative functions.
Answer: recursive functions [accept recursivity, recursiveness, recursion, or other word forms]
[10] This type of recursive function, in which the last operation of the function is a recursive call, can easily be converted into an equivalent iterative function.
Answer: tail-end recursion
[10] This function is the most prominent example of those that are generally recursive but not primitive recursive, and is noted for its incredibly fast rate of growth. It's symbolized A(m,n). [a of m and n]
Answer: Ackermann-Peter function
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It features a number of hood-ornament-shaped gargoyles, and its thousand-foot spire was assembled in secret inside it. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this William van Alen-designed Manhattan skyscraper which became the tallest building in the world in 1930 but was quickly surpassed by the Empire State Building.
Answer: Chrysler Building
[10] The Chrysler building is an example of this artistic movement, a reaction to the detail of Art Nouveau.
Answer: Art Deco
[10] This black-and-gold Art Deco building in Manhattan was converted into the Bryant Park Hotel in 1998. It was notably painted "at Night" by Georgia O'Keeffe.
Answer: American Radiator Building
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This compound is present in large amounts in seeds undergoing maturation, and maintains said seeds in dormancy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this plant hormone, which was first discovered while studying how leaves fall off in deciduous trees.
Answer: abscisic acid [or ABA; or dormin; or abscisin II]
[10] Abscisic acid works by antagonizing growth hormones such as these, which stimulate cell elongation, and also govern phototropism and geotropism. Their best known member is indoleacetic acid.
Answer: auxin
[10] Auxins are produced in this undifferentiated tissue, which comes in apical and lateral forms. The apical type is located at the tip of roots or shoot buds.
Answer: meristem

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