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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by St. Anselm + Truman State A
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This philosopher advocated the adoption of a federal system in Considerations on the Government of Poland. He contrasted the natural and physical types of the title concept in his Discourse on Inequality. He also wrote an epistolary novel subtitled The New Heloise, and a treatise dealing with the education of the titular boy, Emile. His most famous work discusses a society controlled by the "general will" of its people and asserts that "man is born free, but is everywhere in chains." For 10 points, name this French philosopher who wrote The Social Contract.
Answer: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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This poem's author expressed a desire to restrict it to "the limit of one sitting" in "The Philosophy of Composition." The narrator wheels a cushioned seat in front of his visitor, who "beguiles all" his "sad soul to smiling." Shortly after, the air grows "denser, perfumed from an unseen censer / swung by seraphim whose footfalls tinkled on the tufted floor." The narrator calls the title character a "thing of evil," and demands to know whether he will be reunited with "the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels named Lenore." For 10 points, name this poem set "once upon a midnight dreary," an Edgar Allen Poe poem about an "ebony bird," who only says "nevermore."
Answer: "The Raven"
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This composer alternated E-flat major and minor chords to simulate questions and answers in the last of his three piano preludes. Walter Damrosch commissioned a piano concerto in F of this composer., who used bongos and maracas in his Cuban Overture and included four taxi horns in his tone poem An American in Paris. He composed the aria "Summertime" for a work set in Catfish Row with his brother Ira, and began another work with a clarinet glissando. For 10 points, name this American jazz-influenced composer of Porgy and Bess and Rhapsody in Blue.
Answer: George Gershwin
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One variety of this condition was often mistaken for Friedreich's Ataxia until the 1980s, and its more common variety is closely related to Sandhoff disease. A common test for it involves the body's breakdown of 4-methyl-lumbelli-ferone. This disease is caused by a failure to metabolize GM2 gangliosides in the lysosomes of the brain. That is because a mutation in the HEXA gene causes aberrant activity of hexosaminidase A, leading to this disorder. It is characterized by a "cherry-red" spot on the retina of affected individuals and usually leads to death in its sufferers by age two. For 10 points, name this recessive genetic disorder prevalent in Ashkenazi Jews.
Answer: Tay-Sachs disease/disorder
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This band sang about "Shiny, shiny, shiny boots of leather" in the Sacher-Masoch inspired "Venus in Furs." This group claimed that "women never really faint, and the villains always blink their eyes" in a song recorded after guitarist John Cale left this band. In addition to writing "Sweet Jane," this group claimed that "it makes me feel like I'm a man, When I put a spike into my vein" in "Heroin." This group was a part of the Exploding Plastic Inevitable, and their first album featured several songs by Nico and a cover with a peel-away banana designed by Andy Warhol. For 10 points, name this seminal punk band led by Lou Reed.
Answer: The Velvet Undergound
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Although completely surrounded, this ruler's use of wagons and firearms at the Battle of Khanwa resulted in his victory over Rana Sanga, a leader of Mewar, and he initially rose to prominence as the ruler of Fergana. Muhammad Shaybani took Samarkand from this man, only for him to regain it shortly after, and in the meantime this ruler captured Kabul. This ruler defeated Ibrahim Lodhi at the First Battle of Panipat, which marked the beginning of an empire that would last three centuries until its replacement by the British Raj in India. For 10 points, name this father of Humayun and grandfather of Akbar, the founder of the Mughal Dynasty.
Answer: Babur [or Zahir ud-Din Muhammad bin Omar Sheikh]
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This artist's Christ Taken Captive and Christ in Limbo are part a series of his that had a "Little" counterpart, his "Great Passion." Joachim and Anna Meeting at the Golden Gate and The Annunciation are part of his "Life of the Virgin" series, and the first title character of another of his works carries a furry lance and is flanked by the two other horned characters. This creator of Knight, Death, and the Devil included a skull on a window ledge and lion sleeping on a rug for one work, and another contains polyhedrons, magic squares, and a depressed angel. For 10 points, name this German woodcut master, creator of St. Jerome in his Study, and Melencolia I.
Answer: Albrecht Durer
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In this work, the protagonist's uncle introduces him to Huld, whose nurse becomes the protagonist's lover. After the protagonist encounters a tradesman named Block, he is unable to sway the Whipper from beating two agents. Despite the nosy Assistant Manager, the protagonist manages to obtain the address of Titorelli, a painter of the Magistrates who sells the protagonist a set of identical landscapes. The protagonist of this novel describes his own death as "Like a Dog!" when he is stabbed by two men. For 10 points, name this work about the bank clerk Joseph K., an unfinished novel by Franz Kafka about the title mysterious legal proceeding.
Answer: The Trial [or Der Prozess]
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One nation received the majority of the cities of the Decapole through this agreement, and Fabio Chigi, the future Pope Alexander VII, was the Papal legate to it. This agreement also ended a conflict which saw the Act of Abjuration, although it took the Treaty of the Pyrenees eleven years later to end a conflict between two of its participants. Consisting of separate treaties signed in Munster and Osnabruck between the Catholic and Protestant sides, this peace agreement recognized the Peace of Augsburg. For 10 points, name this peace agreement, largely the work of Cardinal Mazarin, which ended the Thirty Years War in 16
Answer: Peace of Westphalia
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The curtate variety of this figure contains a fixed point on its inside, which contrasts with its prolate variety. Huygens used its isochronous properties to design the first pendulum clock guaranteeing regular swing independent of pendulum height. This figure is represented parametrically by the equations x equals r times the quantity one minus sine of t, and y equals r times the quantity one minus cosine of t. It provides the solution to the problem of finding the curve of fastest descent, also known as the brachistochrone problem. For 10 points, name this figure traced out by a point on a rolling circle.
Answer: cycloid
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While staying at the Villa Esmeralda, the title character of this work meets the gondoliers Daniele and Giovanni and is urged to marry the abstract painter Duncan Forbes by her older sister Hilda. Bertha Coutts spreads rumors about her husband's infidelity, and one character in this novel has an affair with the playwright Michaelis, one of the intellectuals who gather at the estate of Wragby. The owner of that estate drives a motorized wheelchair after being paralyzed in World War I, an injury that leads the title character to seek companionship from the gamekeeper Oliver Mellors. For 10 points, name this novel in which Clifford is cheated on by Constance Reid, a work of DH Lawrence.
Answer: Lady Chatterley's Lover
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In electrodynamics, this effect leads to the formation of an instantaneous voltage called the Christoffel voltage, and cyclostrophic flow sees zero contributions from friction and this effect. The ratio of net acceleration of a fluid to acceleration due to this effect is the Rossby number. Its acceleration is given by negative two times the cross product between the angular velocity of the system and the velocity of the particle. It is the cause of the rotation of sunspots and creates geostrophic winds. This effect generally manifests in the deflection of an object because of the Earth's rotation. For 10 points, name this effect that does not actually change the direction of water swirling in toilet bowls.
Answer: Coriolis effect
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Minor candidates in this race included John St. John, the nominee of the Prohibition Party, and Belva Lockwood, on the ticket of the Equal Rights Party. The losing candidate was tainted by his past association with the so-called "Mulligan letters," which suggested he sold his influence to businesses while serving in Congress. The winning candidate was forced to deal with allegations that he had fathered an illegitimate child, but his opponent lost votes after the speech made in his support by Rev. Samuel Burchard, who described the Democrats as the party of "rum, Romanism, and rebellion." For 10 points, name this American presidential election in which Republican James Blaine narrowly lost to Democrat Grover Cleveland.
Answer: Election of 1884
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In this present-day country, the Funj people formed the Sennar Sultanate, and this nation is associated with legendary headless creatures known as Blemmyes. The ancient cities of Meroe and Napata lie in this present-day country and both served as capitals of the Kingdom of Kush, when this region was known as Nubia. Along this country's northern border the construction of the Aswan High Dam resulted in the creation of Lake Nasser, and its capital is located at the confluence of the Blue and White branches of the Nile. For 10 points, name this African country south of Egypt which contains Darfur, and has its capital at Khartoum.
Answer: Republic of the Sudan
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This formulator of the epigenetic principle studied the Yurok Indians with the anthropologist Alfred Kroeber. He analyzed a religious reformer in Young Man Luther and analyzed another historical figure in a work subtitled "On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence." This author of Gandhi's Truth advanced his most important theory in Childhood and Society; that theory states that each part of a person's life is marked by a conflict, such as industry versus inferiority or trust versus mistrust. For 10 points, name this psychologist who postulated eight stages of psychosocial development and coined the term "identity crisis."
Answer: Erik Homburger Erikson [or Erik Homburger; or Erik Salomonsen]
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According to scripture, the rituals of this observance chain up the demons of hell and require niyyah, or intention. The extra Tarawih prayers are performed during the nights of this holiday, which is bounded by the Suhoor and the iftar. The Laylat al-Qadr, or Night of Power, occurred during the final ten days of this holiday, whose end is traditionally celebrated just prior to the month of Shawwal with the Eid al-Fitr meal. Mandated by the pillar of Sawm, for 10 points, name this holiday of the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, which involves day-long fasting.
Answer: Ramadan [or Ramazan; accept vowel omissions and also accept Eid al-Fitr on the first clue]
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This document was reissued four times in the half-century after it was originally issued, and on its third reissuance, it was shortened to thirty-seven clauses. This document has traditionally been divided into a preamble and sixty-three clauses, the seventh of which dealt with royal forests, and its thirty-ninth clause lays out the right today known as habeas corpus. This document's causes included defeat at the Battle of Bouvines, the prodding of the Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton, and heavy taxation needed to pay for the Third Crusade. For 10 points name this document, induced by baronial unrest which was reluctantly agreed to at Runnymede by King John of England in 12
Answer: Magna Carta
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The Karl Fischer test is an example of this procedure used to determine water content in a sample. The amount of surfactant needed to achieve stabilization of a colloid can be determined by the zeta potential type of this process, and EDTA is commonly used to perform its namesake action on metal ions in solution in the compleximetric type of this process. Methyl orange can be used in the chemical or acid-base type of this technique, which employs that and other indicators to observe the equivalence point of a sample. For 10 points, name this laboratory technique employed to determine the concentration of an unknown solution by slowly dripping in some solution of known concentration.
Answer: titration
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In homage to Watson and Crick, this man painted Galacidalacidesoxiribonucleicacid, part of his "nuclear mysticism" period that also included such works as Crucifixion (Corpus Hypercubus). He depicted several Venus de Milos wearing different colored skirts in The Hallucinogenic Toreador. He created a work titled after "the disintegration of" his most famous work, in addition to an optical illusion involving the title pachyderms, Swans Reflecting Elephants. For 10 points, name this Catalan surrealist who painted some melting watches in The Persistence of Memory.
Answer: Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech
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This poet wrote about "the one landscape that we, the inconstant ones, Are consistently homesick for" in one work. In another of this poet's works, "the thin-lipped armorer, Hephaestos" carves a martial scene instead of a bucolic one into the title object. This author of "In Praise of Limestone" and "The Shield of Achilles" began one poem in "one of the dives, On Fifty-second Street." This poet opened his "Funeral Blues" with "Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone," and wrote about a "delicate ship" ignoring "a boy falling out of the sky" in a poem based on a Breughel painting. For 10 points, name this author of "September 1, 1939" and "Musee des Beaux Arts."
Answer: Wystan Hugh Auden
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One of this woman's sons married Callirhoe and fathered the shepherd Geryon. Droplets of this figure's blood created the poisonous Saharan vipers and the corals of the Red Sea. This "fair-cheeked" sister of Stheno and Euryale was raped by Poseidon in the temple of a certain goddess. After this figure's death, Pegasus came into being and her head was mounted onto the aegis by Athena. This mortal figure was beheaded by a hero who was given a helmet of invisibility and winged sandals. For 10 points, name this Gorgon slaughtered by Perseus, whose gaze turned people to stone.
Answer: Medusa
 
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by St. Anselm + Truman State A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author wrote about Hamm and Clov in Endgame. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author who wrote about a banana-loving man who listens to previous recordings of himself on his sixty-ninth birthday in Krapp's Last Tape.
Answer: Samuel Beckett
[10] In this Beckett play, Vladimir and Estragon encounter Pozzo and Lucky but the title character never shows up.
Answer: Waiting for Godot
[10] Beckett wrote a trilogy of novels that includes Malone Dies and The Unnamable. In this first work of the trilogy, the title vagrant rides around on a bike while the detective Jacques Moran searches for him.
Answer: Molloy
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The Jews, chronically at the wrong place at the wrong time, have holidays to commemorate such mishaps. Name some, for 10 points each.,
[10] This festival, on which leavened bread may not be eaten, celebrates Moses and the Israelites' escape from their years of Egyptian slavery.
Answer: Passover [or Pesach]
[10] On this holiday, Jews feast and read the Book of Esther, recalling the failure of a plot to kill their people by Haman, an advisor to the Persian King Ahasuerus.
Answer: Purim [or Festival of Lots; accept equivalents]
[10] Usually occurring in late July or early August, this fast day commemorates the destruction of both the First and Second Temples, as well as many other tragedies.
Answer: Tisha B'Av [or The Ninth of Av]
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This event was sparked by the issuance of four laws which defied the Charter of 18 For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1830 coup which saw Louis Phillippe installed as King of France. It was famously depicted in Eugene Delacroix's painting Liberty Leading the People.
Answer: July Revolution
[10] The July Revolution deposed this monarch, who succeeded Louis XVII in 1824. Originally the Comte d'Artois and leader of the reactionary Ultras, he angered the radicals by attempting to revert France to its pre-revolutionary state.
Answer: Charles X
[10] Inspired by the July Revolution and tyrannized by King William I of the Netherlands, this country won its independence in the Ten-Day Campaign. Afterwards, this nation appointed Leopold I as its king.
Answer: Belgium
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Its land features include the Terra Manna and the Terra Nivium, the latter of which lies on the border of the Sea of Showers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this satellite, whose other geographic features include the Sea of Tranquility and which has an orbital period of around 30 days.
Answer: Earth's Moon [or Luna]
[10] The orbital radius of the Moon around the Earth is about 40 times larger than this eponymous limit, within which a satellite's self-gravity is overcome by tidal forces of the body it orbits.
Answer: Roche limit
[10] The first of this set of laws explains that the same side of the Moon always faces the Earth throughout orbit. Their namesake also names the divisions in Saturn's rings.
Answer: Cassini's laws
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This opera features the advisory characters Chou En-lai and Henry Kissinger, who is the only bass role. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera that sees the title presidential figure pay a visit to Chairman Mao, where he sees the in-opera performance of the opera "The Red Detachment of Women."
Answer: Nixon in China
[10] This composer of Nixon in China and On the Transmigration of Souls also wrote an opera about the Manhattan Project that compares Robert Oppenheimer to Faust, Doctor Atomic.
Answer: John Coolidge Adams
[10] This Adams opera tells of the hijacking of the Achille Lauro by the PLO and their murder of the title wheelchair-bound Jewish-American. Alice Goodman wrote its libretto.
Answer: The Death of Klinghoffer
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This network's original programming includes Human Wrecking Balls and the animated Code Monkeys. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this network that broadcasts films under the title "Movies that don't suck" and is probably best known for gaming related programming like Attack of the Show.
Answer: G4
[10] G4 frequently broadcasts this show known as Sasuke in Japan. Recurring participants include the sixty year old Octopus Man and only two contestants have ever beaten all four stages of obstacles like Dodging Hammer and Warped Wall.
Answer: Ninja Warrior
[10] One of the most successful Americans to compete on Ninja Warrior was this gymnast, who won the gold all around medal at the 2004 Athens Olympics.
Answer: Paul Hamm
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Friedrich Kekule said that the structure of this molecule came to him in a dream involving a snake eating its tail. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this ring-shaped molecule consisting of alternating single and double bonds with chemical formula C6H6.
Answer: benzene
[10] Benzene satisfies this rule stating that aromatic compounds must form cyclic, planar, conjugated systems with 4n+2 pi electrons.
Answer: Huckel's rule [or Doering's rule]
[10] This compound is simply a benzene molecule with an attached amine group. The Sandmeyer reaction on this compound yields aryl halides.
Answer: aniline [prompt on "aminobenzene" or "phenylamine"]
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One section of this work advocates applying the principles of crop rotation to intellectual life. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work, subtitled "A Fragment of Life," whose two sections focus on the aesthetic life and the ethical life, respectively.
Answer: Either/Or [or Enten - Eller]
[10] This Danish author of Fear and Trembling and Stages on Life's Way wrote Either/Or.
Answer: Soren Aabye Kierkegaard
[10] In this work, published under the pseudonym Anti-Climacus, Kierkegaard refers to despair as the titular condition, and equates it with the Christian concept of original sin.
Answer: The Sickness Unto Death [or Sygdommen til Doden]
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This man rose to prominence in the service of Margaret of Parma, and he was almost assassinated by Juan de Jauregui for his support of independence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Stadtholder who was assassinated by Balthasar Gerard in 1584 after leading the Dutch Revolt.
Answer: William the Silent [or William I of Orange]
[10] One of the central figures of the Black Legend, this Governor General of Hapsburg Netherlands set up the Council of Blood and a tax known as the alcabala, in addition to other harsh measures.
Answer: Fernando Alvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, third Duke of Alba
[10] The Dutch Revolt sparked the beginning of this conflict during the Duke of Alba's rule; like the Thirty Years War, it was ended by the Peace of Westphalia.
Answer: Eighty Years War
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It contains one hundred stories, and probably inspired Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work which sees a group of ten young nobles flee the plague in Florence and shore up in a Naples villa, where they each tell one story a day for ten days.
Answer: The Decameron
[10] This poet of Il Filostrato and On Famous Women wrote the Decameron.
Answer: Giovanni Boccaccio
[10] The "Ring Parable" found in The Decameron was borrowed by Gotthold Lessing for this play, in which Saladin asks the title character which religion is true.
Answer: Nathan the Wise [or Nathan der Weise]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer these questions about relations between the United States and her northern neighbors, for 10 points each:,
[10] This pact between Mexico, the United States, and Canada, implemented on January 1, 1994, was designed to increase cooperation on labor issues and eliminate some tariffs and international commerce barriers.
Answer: North American Free Trade Agreement
[10] Partially in response to the bloodless Aroostook War, this 1842 treaty between the U.S. and British resolved border disputes in areas north of Maine and west of Lake Superior.
Answer: Webster-Ashburton Treaty
[10] This island group between Vancouver Island and what is now Washington State was the site of the 1859 Pig War between British and American troops. After conflict among settlers from the two nations, Kaiser Wilhelm I finally awarded them to the U.S. following the Treaty of Washington in 1871.
Answer: San Juan Islands
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This interaction accounts for changes in flavor and is capable of violating CP symmetry. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this third-strongest of the four fundamental forces commonly responsible for beta decay.
Answer: weak nuclear force [or interaction]
[10] The weak force is mediated by the W and Z types of these particles which possess integral spin and are named for an Indian physicist.
Answer: gauge bosons
[10] The weak force mediates the conversion of a proton to a neutron in the first step of the proton-proton chain, which produces one of these atoms. It is found in a chloroform-derived solvent used in NMR spectroscopy.
Answer: deuterium [prompt on D]
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This ruler's vizier, Chandarli Pasha advised him to relinquish his throne to his father and this ruler may have taken all of Italy if not for his untimely death after taking Otranto. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Ottoman Sultan who ordered the building of the Topkapi Palace in his new capital.
Answer: Mehmed II [or Mehmed the Conqueror]
[10] Mehmed II is best remembered for conquering this capital of the Byzantine Empire from Constantine XI in 1453.
Answer: Constantinople
[10] This father of Mehmed the Conqueror unsuccessfully besieged Constantinople in 1421; however, he was victorious at the Second Battle of Kosovo in 1448.
Answer: Murad II Kodja
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Scholars attribute either thirty-four or thirty-five paintings to this man, the majority of which depict indoor scenes of everyday life. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Dutch artist of The Milkmaid, The Music Lesson, and Girl with a Pearl Earring.
Answer: Jan Vermeer [or Johan(nes) Vermeer]
[10] One of Vermeer's two attributed landscapes is this depiction of his hometown. Seven figures stand conversing in the foreground on a riverbank, the Nieuwe Kerk tower can be seen, and cumulus clouds billow overhead.
Answer: View of Delft
[10] A map by Visscher hangs on the back wall of this painting by Vermeer, which shows an artist painting a woman in blue, possibly representative of Clio, the Muse of history.
Answer: The Art of Painting [or The Artist in His Studio; or The Painter in His Studio; or The Allegory of Painting]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about a certain sound shift, for 10 points each.,
[10] Named for a guy who collected fairy tales with his brother, this law describes the development of stops in Proto-Germanic. It states that voiceless stops became voiceless fricatives, voiced stops became voiceless stops, and voiced aspirated stops became voiced fricatives.
Answer: Grimm's law
[10] The stops described in Grimm's law were inherited from this language, the ancestor of such languages as Greek, Latin, and Sanskrit. It does not survive in written form, but has been reconstructed by linguists.
Answer: Proto-Indo-European [or PIE]
[10] This modification which explained some inconsistencies in Grimm's law states that voiceless fricatives immediately following unstressed syllables became voiced.
Answer: Verner's law
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This second largest deuterostome phylum is divided into two main groups—the mobile Eleutherozoa and the stationary Pelmatazoa. For 10 points each:,
[10] Give this phylum, whose name comes from the Greek for "spiny skinned." Sea cucumbers and starfish are prominent members belonging to this phylum.
Answer: Echinodermata [or Echinoderms]
[10] Echinoderms begin as bilaterally symmetrical larvae before developing this kind of symmetry after the left side outgrows the right, which is eventually absorbed.
Answer: radial symmetry
[10] Starfish belong to this class of echinoderms with pentaradial symmetry. Water supplied to their ampullae gives members of this class suction-like properties on their tube feet.
Answer: Asteroidea
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this play reveals that she had been skipping Business College to visit the museum and the zoo. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Amanda Wingfield tries to set Laura up with the "gentleman caller" Jim O Connor.
Answer: The Glass Menagerie
[10] This author of This Property is Condemned and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof wrote The Glass Menagerie.
Answer: Tennessee Williams
[10] In this Williams play, the disgraced minister T. Lawrence Shannon gives tours at the Costa Verde Hotel, which houses artist Hannah Jelks and is run by Maxine Faulk.
Answer: The Night of the Iguana
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This brutal tyrant helped overthrow Lon Nol and ordered the killing of over a million people. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Cambodian dictator who ruled from 1975 to 1979, when the Vietnamese drove him from power.
Answer: Pol Pot [or Saloth Sar; or Minh Hai]
[10] Pol Pot was a leader of this Cambodian communist organization, which advocated moving citizens to collective farms and perpetrated genocide.
Answer: Khmer Rouge
[10] This man was the king of Cambodia from 1941 to 1955 and again from 1993 to 2004. He helped the Khmer Rouge rise to power after Lon Nol ousted him.
Answer: Norodom Sihanouk
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the following about the churning of the ocean in Indian myth, for 10 points each.,
[10] In the ocean of milk, Vishnu reclines on Shesha, the king of these snake beings who helped the gods recover amrita and who were the mortal enemies of Garuda.
Answer: Nagas
[10] A pot of poison named Halahala emerged from the ocean and was drunk by this god of destruction, whose throat permanently turned blue as a result.
Answer: Shiva [or Rudra]
[10] The moon god Chandra and this chief sun god are eclipsed by the head of Rahu, who was decapitated for drinking amrita as a deva. In the Ramayana, this sun god fathers Sugriva.
Answer: Surya [accept answers that add an "a" or an "i," also accept pronunciations of "j" instead of "y"]
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With Yerma and Blood Wedding, it forms its author's rural trilogy. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play with an all female cast in which the title character's daughters Angustias, Martiriro, and Adela interact with their overbearing mother and the off-stage Pepe el Romano.
Answer: The House of Bernarda Alba [or La casa de Bernarda Alba]
[10] The House of Bernarda Alba was written by this assassinated Spanish playwright of The Butterfly's Evil Spell.
Answer: Federico Garcia Lorca
[10] Lorca notes that "The bed is a coffin on wheels" in a poem that takes place "At exactly five in the afternoon" and is titled Lament for the Death of one of these figures. Pedro in The Sun also Rises is another example of this profession.
Answer: bullfighters [or matadors]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Seven town council members, two Imperial governors, and a secretary were victims of these. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these events that saw people thrown out of windows, occurring in a Bohemian city in 1419 and 1618.
Answer: First and Second Defenestrations of Prague
[10] The Second Defenestration sparked a revolt in Bohemia, an early stage of this destructive war. Centered on Germany, it was mostly fought between the Catholic Hapsburgs and alliance including Protestant Sweden.
Answer: Thirty Years' War
[10] The First Defenestration led to this series of wars, in which the followers of an eponymous heretic, commanded by Jan Zizka, defeated King Sigismund at Vitkov Hill.
Answer: Hussite Wars [or Bohemian Wars]

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