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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 ACF Fall Tossups by Rochester B and Chicago B and UCLA B and Yale B
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Scriptural evidence for this event includes a greeting by Gabriel in the Gospel of Luke, and a conversation between God and the serpent in the Book of Genesis. William of Ware and Duns Scotus defended this doctrine, the later of which used Anselm of Cantebury's principle, "potuit, decuit ergo fecit." Sixtus IV established December 8th as the date of the feast of this event, which was defined as dogma by the Ineffabilis Deus during the rule of Pius IX. FTP, name this Catholic doctrine that asserts Mary was preserved by God from the stain of original sin at the time of her conception of Jesus.
Answer: Immaculate Conception
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This ruler had military success in taking Dorpat, and inaugurated an eastward expansion after conquering Astrakhan. He celebrated another victory by having Barma construct a religious structure also known as the Cathedral of Intercession of the Virgin on the Moat. However, he gave up Narva in the Treaty of Plussa with Sweden, and in the Treaty of Jam Zapolski, renounced claims to Livonia. The Oprichniks were members of his private army, which he used to terrorize the boyars, and the first Zemsky Sobor was called by him. His son Feodor was succeeded by Boris Godunov, who likely killed his youngest son Dmitri. FTP, name first Russian to take the title of tsar, who was nicknamed for his fearsome acts.
Answer: Ivan IV or Ivan the Terrible or Ivan Groznyi
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It may be read as an examination of the works of Wolff and Baumgarten, whose texts its author used while teaching at a university. Its section on the "Antithetic" of the title concept discusses conflicts over the notions of causality through freedom and the existence of a necessary being, among other transcendental ideas. The one entitled "Ideals" of the title concept shows that certain types of proofs of the existence of God cannot exist. It was published in two additions, the first preferred by idealists, the second by realists, and its author set out in what he called a "Copernican revolution" in philosophy. It asks the question, "How are a priori synthetic judgments possible?" FTP, identify this most famous work of Immanuel Kant.
Answer: Critique of Pure Reason or Kritik der reinen Vernunft
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In the introduction to this novel the author describes himself as the "manager of the performance" and refers to his characters as puppets. The two main characters attend an institution that has been honored by the presence of "THE GREAT LEXICOGRAPHER," Pinkerton School. Another character eschews hunting and entertainments at Fuddleston to be with his Aunt Bute. At her parsonage he meets his siblings' governess, who had attended a large party at Vauxhall just before taking her appointment. Also at that party were two soldiers, George and Joseph, who eventually fall for the two main characters. One has an affair with Lord Steyne after marrying Rawdon Crawley, while the other eventually marries Captain Dobbin after George Osborne dies at Waterloo. FTP name this "novel without a hero" about Amelia Sedley and her conniving friend Becky Sharp by William Thackeray.
Answer: Vanity Fair
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In one of his stranger appearances, he conspired with Dr. Winkler, a corrupt optometrist who used a modified Snellen chart to hypnotize patients into becoming thieves. As part of an attempt to kill Black Tarantula, this man was given additional powers by The Rose, which required his traditional adversary to enlist the help of X-Man in order to contain him. More recently responsible for freeing the inmates of the prison known as The Raft, this character was previously captured in the opening of the Amazing Spider-Man issue in which Spider-Man married Mary Jane. Defeated in his first appearance by being sprayed with a hose, this villain, whose original name was Max Dillon, wears a star-shaped yellow mask on top of a green and yellow costume. For ten points, name this foe who can shoot energy from his fingers and control most advanced technological devices due to being struck by lightning.
Answer: Electro [accept Maxwell Dillon before it is reads]
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By refusing a bunch of Muscatel grapes the protagonist rejects his former love, who eventually flees with her son Albert. His servant Haidee confronts Albert's father about his betrayal of Ali Pasha, which leads to his suicide. The protagonist saves Valentine from her mother's mad poison rampage and reunites her with her love Maximillian, the son of a shipping master who had taken care of the protagonist's father. He gives a diamond to his old neighbor Caderousse for telling him about a banker and a politician with familial connections to Napoleon who had arranged for him to be sent to the Chateau d'If, where he learned of the Abbe Faria's fortune on the titular island. FTP name this novel about Edmond Dantes by Alexander Dumas, pere.
Answer: The Count of Monte Cristo or Le Comte de Monte Cristo
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A line from one of this man's poems forms the title of a book subtitled "Studies in the Structure of Poetry" by Cleanth Brooks. He ponders about "what thou and I/Did, till we loved" in a poem in which he claims "My face in thine eye, thine in mine appears,/And true plain hearts do in the faces rest," "The Good-Morrow." The title feeling "doth unperplex/(We said) and tell us what we love" in his poem "The Ecstasy, while he declares "Kind pity chokes my spleen" in the third of his Satires. He writes that "We'll build in sonnets pretty rooms" in "The Canonizaiton," while "At the Round Earth's Imagin'd Corners" and "Batter my heart, three-person'd God" are part of a sonnet cycle that also includes a poem in which he tells the title figure "thou shalt die." Known for his Holy Sonnets, this is, FTP, what author of "Death, Be not Proud" and "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning?"
Answer: John Donne
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This broad group, which is now considered paraphyletic, does contain what modern taxonomists regard as a monophyletic subgroup known as the tricolpates, a name that describes the distinctive three apertures that characterizes the group's pollen grains. Distinctive families within this group include the Ranunculaceae, Brassicaceae, and Asteraceae. Known formally as the class Magnoliopsida, organisms in this class tend to develop their roots from the radicle, possess flower parts in multiples of four or five, and maintain reticulate or netlike leaf venation. FTP name this class of plants, home to more than 190,000 species of angiosperms and named for its having two embryonic leaves.
Answer: dicotyledons [do not accept 'eudicots']
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He discussed his childhood dream of being an irrigation engineer in his memoir Pinkas Sherut. He met his wife Leah while both were members of the Palmach, and he was responsible for the defense of Jerusalem during the 1948 war. He later served as chief of staff during the Six Day War and as Golda Meir's labor minister. He was the first native-born prime minister of Israel, but his first administration, which included the Entebbe raid, ended when his illegal American bank accounts became public. He later used criticism of the Madrid talks to initiate a new approach that produced the Declaration of Principles and the Cairo Agreement. He thus earned a 1994 Nobel Peace Prize and a 1995 assassination by Yigal Amir. FTP, name this Labor Party politician who signed the Oslo Accords with Yassir Arafat.
Answer: Yitzhak Rabin
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Most German theaters chose this as the last film screened before a Nazi ban on Hollywood movies took effect. It was originally planned with a much longer ending that included depictions of a hometown parade, but after a test screening, these were cut in favor of a final shot of a grinning Harry Carey. The title character gets his job over Horace Miller, the favorite of Jim Taylor, and popular choice Henry Hill. He is intended to be an oblivious dupe to Taylor's graft plan, along with Senator Paine, but when those plans run afoul of a bill funding a boys camp, the protagonist protests, culminating in a filibuster and Paine's confession. FTP, name this 1939 Columbia film directed by Frank Capra and starring Claude Rains, Jean Arthur, and, as the title character, Jimmy Stewart.
Answer: Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
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John Salvius, Johann Wittgenstein, Count Trautmansdorff, and Henri d'Orleans participated in its negotiation. Present as Papal nuncio was Fabio Chigi, the future Alexander VIII. It became necessary after after Ferdinand III's conflict with the electors over the baseline date for territorial acquisitions led to the collapse of the Peace of Prague. Negotiated in Munster and Osnabruck, it established the independence of the United Provinces from Spain, endorsed hereditary succession in Bohemia, and legitimized Brandenburg's acquisition of Magdeburg, Halberstadt, and East Pomerania. Revoking the 1629 Edict of Restitution and setting all land ownership back to its "standard year" state of 1624, it eliminated almost all practical power of the Holy Roman Emperor. FTP, identify this agreement, largely completed in 1648, that ended the Thirty Years' War.
Answer: Peace/Treaty of Westphalia
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His half-brother of the same name won the Battle of Anaquito against Blasco Nunez but was eventually defeated by Pedro de la Gasca. This man first came to the New World with Balboa's Panama expedition and settled down as a cattle farmer until he joined with a priest named Hernando de Luque and commander Diego de Almagro, using two borrowed ships to search for gold in the Darien area. This leader of the "famous thirteen" ambushed a certain opponent at Cajamarca and retrieved twenty-four tons of gold and silver after ordering a room to be filled with precious metal. He then declared Manco Capac the new king and ordered the execution of Atahualpa. FTP, name this conqueror of the Incan empire.
Answer: Francisco Pizarro
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Gernit Rietveld's red/blue armchair and Schroder House are some of the most noted designs of this movement. However, the controversial introduction of the diagonal in a certain member's work alienated the movement's best known artist, who afterwards stopped contributing to the journal in which he had argued for "equilibration" between opposites realized through the interplay of positive and negative space and asymmetrical balance of rectilinear elements, which he referred to as Neoplasticism. Founded by Theo van Doesburg , this FTP, what modern art movements characterized by bold black lines and blocks of primary color, most commonly associated with Piet Mondrian.
Answer: De Stijl (prompt on Neoplasticism)
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They normally have association energies between -12 and -40 kilojoules per mole.A The bifurcated type occurs when each donor interacts with two acceptors and vice versa.A They tend to be linear, with the donor group pointing along the acceptor's lone pair orbital, though deviations often occur, particularly within the secondary structure of proteins.A With approximately 10% covalent character, they are predominantly electrostatic interactions between electronegative atoms, such as fluorine, nitrogen, or oxygen, and their namesake.A FTP name these bonds that explain the unusual physical characteristics of water, named for the presence of the first element on the periodic table.
Answer: hydrogen bonds
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A person by this English name who was a canonized member of the Portuguese royal family settled a dispute between Afonso IV of Portugal and Alfonso XI of Castile, earning her the nickname "Peacemaker." Italian anarchist Lugi Leccheni killed another one, who was the queen consort to Franz Josef in Austria. Another woman of this name made the Golden Speech, put down a rebellion by her servant Robert Devereux, and mandated use of the Book of Common Prayer by the Act of Uniformity, several decades before she was targeted by the Spanish Armada. FTP, name this successor of Mary I and daughter of Henry VIII, who never married.
Answer: Elizabeth (I)
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Its singly-ionized form produces the 3968 and 3933 Angstrom spectral lines that are the strongest absorption features in the solar spectrum, the so-called H and K lines. Its hydroxide is used in preparing nixtamal, and its chloride, which is used to make chemicompetent bacteria, is a byproduct of the Solvay process. It is selectively bound by both EGTA and serum albumin, and within cells, it is sequestered in the endoplasmic reticulum. A Along with phosphate, it forms hydroxyapatite, a major component of bone. A FTP, name this alkaline earth metal found in milk with chemical symbol Ca.
Answer: A calcium
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Goldbach proved that no two of them share a common factor. It has been shown that an n-sided regular polygon can be constructed with a compass and straightedge if and only if n is a power of two or the product of a power of two and two distinct prime members of this sequence. As such, there are only five known prime ones, despite their namesake's assertion that all of them are prime. However, only the first twelve have been completely factored, and it is not known whether there are infinitely many composite ones. FTP, name this sequence of integers of the form 2 to the quantity (2 to the n) + 1, which bears the name of an amateur mathematician with well-known last and little theorems.
Answer: Fermat numbers
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His earliest works included landscapes such as Going West, produced during his tutelage under Albert Pinkham Ryder, and later works such as Frogman echoed the exploration of Jungian archetypes that influenced earlier works like Guardians of the Secret. This early work was also influenced by Orozco and Rivera. After Mural, a work that included elements of Thomas Hart Benton's techniques, he turned in the late 1940s to Galaxy and Eyes in the Heat, early examples of his "poured" painting technique. Art historians have argued that his work led to the viewer's association not with the subject but with the artist. Full Fathom Five is one of the best-known works of, FTP, this founder of the school of abstract expressionism.
Answer: Jackson Pollock
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In African American Vernacular English, the ones indicating possession and the third singular present are both null. In suppletion, one of these is replaced with another to denote a grammatical contrast, such as "went" for the past tense of "go." The insertion of one of these into another, such as an expletive into a word such as "outstanding," is known as infixation. The brothers Von Schlegel classified languages as either analytic or synthetic based on the number of these per word. They can be either free or bound, and in isolating languages such as Vietnamese, there is a one to one correspondence between free ones and words. FTP, identify this smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of a language.
Answer: morphemes
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Tomasso Landolfi wrote a novel in which this man is married to a balloon doll named Caracas. In one story by this man a theology student is terrorized by a witch over whom he refuses to read last rites, which results in the summoning of the title gnome. He completely revised his first play three times, producing An Official's Morning, The Servants' Hall, and The Lawsuit. A better-known short story features a government clerk who loves the Chief of the Division's daughter Sophie and includes the improbable correspondences of Madgie and Fidele, two dogs. The machinations of Osip to exploit his master Ivan's case of mistaken identity in a small town is the subject of his best-known play, The Inspector General. Also known for a story about Akaky Akakievich's lost jacket and a novel about the collector Pavel Chichikov, FTP name this author of The Overcoat and Dead Souls.
Answer: Nikolai Gogol
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TB. Two of these relatively close by were reported by Kazimierz Kordylewski as harboring faint nebulosities, perhaps due to clouds of dust. The impact hypothesis of the formation of the moon posits that a Mars-sized body formed at one of these points and then collided with the Earth, creating our moon. They were predicted in 1772 by their namesake, and in 1906 Max Wolf discovered the first object occupying one of these locations with his observation of a Trojan asteroid. FTP, what is the name for the five positions in space where a small object can remain stationary relative to two massive objects, named for an Italian-French astronomer and mathematician who developed the calculus of variations?
Answer: Lagrange points [or Lagrangian points]
 
2006 ACF Fall Bonuses by Rochester B and Chicago B and UCLA B and Yale B
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Answer these questions about American psychologist John B. Watson for ten points each.,
[10] Watson was a pioneer in what psychological field that believes that human actions are not the result of mental states or personality, but rather prior teachings? B.F. Skinner was a notable proponent as well.
Answer: Behaviorism
[10] This was Watson's most famous experiment, in which he taught the titular baby to be afraid of a large white rat by making loud noises whenever it was presented to him.
Answer: The Little Albert Experiment [accept Baby Albert]
[10] After many iterations of pairing the rat and noise, Albert's distress at being presented the rat without accompanying loud noise provided empircal evidence of what psychological principle?
Answer: classical conditioning
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Identify these characters from Futurama FTPE.,
[10] He possesses both a Cheating Unit and a Hilarity Unit. He takes his name from his occupation of manipulating steel girders to angles of 32 to 34 degrees, and he invites you to bite his shiny metal ass.
Answer: Bender Bending Rodriguez
[10] This cowardly space captain and commander of the D.O.O.P. fleet has a very sexy learning disability, sexlexia. His assistant Kif Kroker keeps his schedule on an Etch-A-Sketch.
Answer: General Major Webelo Zapp Brannigan [accept Zapp]
[10] This champion of the Madison Cube Garden pet show stars on America' most popular television program, which consists of him staring into the camera while the "angry machine" noise plays and his eyes display mind-controlling patterns.
Answer: the Hypno Toad
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Answer these questions about Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky's works FTPE:,
[10] The unnamed narrator of this novel is a government clerk who regularly patronizes the prostitute Liza at a local brothel while mooching off his friend Simonov.
Answer: Notes From The Underground or Letters from the Underworld or Zapiski iz podpolya
[10] Mitya, Ivan, and Alyosha are the titular offspring of Fyodor in this novel.
Answer: The Brothers Karamazov or Bratya Karamazovy
[10] Rogozhin murders Nastasya Filipovna in this novel about the superfluous Prince Myshkin.
Answer: The Idiot
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Name these waterfalls FTPE.,
[10] The single largest curtain of water at over 100 meters tall and one mile wide, this waterfall is found on the Zambezi River at the junction of the Zambia- Zimbabwe border.
Answer: Victoria Falls
[10] This waterfall is found at the Brazil and Argentina border where the namesake river connects with the Parana River.
Answer: Iguazu Falls
[10] Name this waterfall in Venezuela, the highest drop in the world at around 3,267 feet.
Answer: Angel Falls
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Name these players in conflicts between Native Americans and English colonists FTPE.,
[10] This son of Massasoit and ruler of the Wampagnoag lends his name to a 1675 to 1676 war which included the massacre of Narrangaset in the Great Swamp Fight.
Answer: King Philip [or Metacomet]
[10] French traders and their Algonquin and Huron allies battled over fur trading rights with this confederacy of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca.
Answer: Iroquois Confederacy [prompt on Five Nations; prompt on Six Nations]
[10] This governor of Virginia is the namesake of a 1774 conflict, which included the Battle of Point Pleasant, fought between would-be settlers led by Michael Cresap and George Rogers Clark and Shawnee Indians of modern-day Kentucky.
Answer: Lord John Murray Dunmore, 4th Earl of Dunmore, Viscount Of Fincastle, Lord Murray Of Blair, Moulin, And Tillemot
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It was originally published by Grant Richards, whose correspondence with the author reveals the author's motivation behind the order of the stories, FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1914 collection that includes the stories Araby and Ivy Day in the Committee Room.
Answer: Dubliners (note: do not accept The Dubliners)
[10] This author of the play Exiles and Finnegan's Wake wrote Dubliners.
Answer: James Joyce
[10] Gabriel Conroy attempts to come to terms with his wife's former passion for Michael Furey in this Dubliners story, the last in the collection.
Answer: "The Dead"
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His chariot is pulled by a pair of goats that regenerate instantly after he roasts and devours them. FTPE,,
[10] Name this belt-wearing, hammer-carrying Norse god of thunder.
Answer: Thor
[10] Thor once disguised himself as a bride in order to retrieve this hammer from Thrym the frost giant.
Answer: Mjolnir
[10] In order to wield Mjolnir, Thor must wear this belt.
Answer: Megingjord
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It concerns the nervous breakdown of Larry Shannon. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play set primarily at the Costa Verde hotel in Mexico, in which Shannon meets Maxine Faulk and becomes a tour guide.
Answer: The Night of the Iguana
[10] This author of A Streetcar Named Desire wrote The Night of the Iguana.
Answer: Tennesee Williams
[10] Tom Wingfield cries out "nowadays the world is lit by lightning!" at the end of this play, which is named for his sister Laura's collection of animal figures.
Answer: The Glass Menagerie
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Name these Athenian politicians FTPE.,
[10] One of the seven wise men of Greece, he became archon in 594, and his reforms of the Draconian code are credited with leading to Athenian democracy.
Answer: Solon
[10] The first businessman to become leader of Athens was this rival of Pericles who defeated Sparta at Sphacteria but was later killed at Amphipolis by Brasidas.
Answer: Cleon
[10] This sixth-century BCE tyrant built the Telesterion and Propylea and was succeeded by his less able sons Hippias and Hipparchus.
Answer: Peisistratus
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FTPE, answer these questions about different kinds of scattering.,
[10] This type of scattering is caused by spherical particles with size on the order of the wavelength of light. It is proportional to the square root of wavelength and has a forward directionality.
Answer: Mie scattering
[10] It occurs whenever light is scattered by particles much smaller than the wavelength of the light. Proportional to the 4th power of the wavelength, it is the main reason why light from the sky is blue.
Answer: Raleigh scattering
[10] Differential cross sections of this type of scattering can be described by the Klein-Nishina formula. It occurs whenever a photon interacts with matter, resulting in a decrease in energy and change in direction of the photon.
Answer: Compton scattering
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Answer the following related biochemical questions, FTPE:,
[10] This technique utilizes a porous substrate, in which proteins or DNA fragments are placed, and an applied electric field forces the displacement of the molecules and separates them by size. SDS-PAGE is a common example.
Answer: electrophoresis
[10] These y-shaped molecules, also known as immunoglobulins, are produced by B cells and respond to infection with foreign substances by binding to specific antigens.
Answer: antibodies
[10] This molecular biology method typically involves an SDS-PAGE to separate a set of proteins, a transfer of the proteins to nitrocellulose, blocking, and both a primary and secondary antibody. It serves to detect one specific protein in a sample and can also reveal size information.
Answer: Western blot [also accept immunoblot]
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Seth Kendall is waiting with bated breath for his upcoming Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy, and his last work was entitled Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. FTPE,,
[10] Name this Harvard professor who pioneered the idea of the veil of ignorance in A Theory of Justice.
Answer: John Rawls
[10] This political philosopher rebutted Rawls' social-liberal democratic ideas in his 1974 defense of libertarianism, Anarchy, State, and Utopia.
Answer: Robert Nozick
[10] Rawls's works depend on this idea, an agreement between government and the governed, that gave its name to a Jean-Jacques Rousseau work.
Answer: social contract
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This program's name was introduced in the 1965 State of the Union address, along with the "war on poverty." FTPE:,
[10] Name this social agenda of the Lyndon Johnson administration, whose notable components included Head Start and Medicare.
Answer: the Great Society
[10] The Great Society included this 1965 act that empowered the Justice Department to oversee certain practices in the southern states.
Answer: Voting Rights Act of 1965
[10] Most of the Great Society programs were administered by this Health, Education, and Welfare secretary who went on to found Common Cause.
Answer: John William Gardner
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Answer the following about types of matrices in linear algebra, FTPE:,
[10] This fundamental kind of matrix has ones along its diagonal and is zero everywhere else.
Answer: Identity
[10] This kind of matrix results from the namesake operation of switching the rows and columns of a matrix. If the original matrix was 2 by 3, this new one is 3 by 2.
Answer: transpose
[10] Matrices which are equal to their own transpose conjugate are described as having this property, named after the French mathematician who first proved that e is transcendental.
Answer: Hermitian
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November 9 is a momentous day in German history. FTPE:,
[10] Gunter Schabowski's mistaken television announcement on November 9, 1989 regarding "private trips abroad" caused a crowd to gather at this structure, which was soon torn apart by hammer-wielding citizens.
Answer: Berlin Wall [or Berliner Mauer]
[10] This occurred in November 9, 1938 on the pretext of Herschel Grynszpan's assassination of Ernst vom Rath, and involved Heinrich Muller's instructions to police not to interfere.
Answer: Kristallnacht [or Night of the Broken Glass; prompt on November Pogroms]
[10] During this event of November 9, 1923, Hitler and Ludendorff attempted to take control of Munich.
Answer: Beer Hall Putsch
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This opera begins with the marriage of B.F. Pinkerton to a 15-year old Japanese geisha. FTPE,,
[10] Name this opera whose title character is Cio-Cio-San.
Answer: Madame Butterfly
[10] This Italian composer is responsible for Madame Butterfly, along with Turandot and Tosca.
Answer: Giacomo Puccini
[10] In 1904, Madama Butterfly opened in this Milan opera house.
Answer: La Scala
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The seventh addresses the "thin men of Haddam", the fourth asserts that "A man and a woman / Are one", and the eleventh describes someone who "Rode over Connecticut / in a glass coach". FTPE:,
[10] Name this Wallace Stevens poem about a titular avian.
Answer: Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird
[10] This Stevens poem about a title ruler begins, "Call the roller of big cigars, / A The muscular one, and bid him whip /A In kitchen cups concupiscient curds."
Answer: The Emperor of Ice Cream
[10] "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird" and "The Emperor of Ice Cream" first appeared in this Stevens collection that was originally published in 1923. It also included "Peter Quince at the Clavier" and "Domination of Black".
Answer: Harmonium
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Name these Greek fabricators—and, no, we don't mean Sinon—FTPE.,
[10] This 5th Century B.C. Athenian sculpted the gold and ivory statue of Zeus for the Temple of Zeus at Olympia and the giant statue of Athena in the Parthenon.
Answer: Phidias (or Pheidias; accept equivalents)
[10] This Greek sculpted the Aphrodite of Knidos and created a new namesake pose with his Hermes with the Infant Dionysus in the 4th Century B.C.
Answer: Praxiteles
[10] This Greek architect designed the Parthenon along with Ictinos. He also built the Temple of Athena Nike on the Acropolis.
Answer: Callicrates

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