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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by Rice + Michigan
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This philosopher insisted that enjoyment is subjective in Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime. He proposed an early version of democratic peace theory in his essay, "Perpetual Peace." He described the title concept as "man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity" in "What Is Enlightenment?" He was the first philosopher to delineate the difference between analytic and synthetic propositions, and in his Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, he introduced the concept of the categorical imperative. For 10 points, name this author of the Critique of Pure Reason.
Answer: Immanuel Kant
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During his last night in Ossenburger Hall, this character reads Isak Dinesen's Out of Africa. Acquaintances that he makes include a nun with whom he discusses Romeo and Juliet. His voyeurism at the Edmont Hotel results in his seeing a transvestite and a couple that spit their drinks at each other. He backs out of a tryst with the prostitute Sally, and asks where the ducks in Central Park go during the winter. Amidst his wandering, he recalls his relationships with Jane Gallagher and Sally Hayes while reflecting on the suicide of James Castle and the death of his younger brother Allie. For ten points, name this main character of J.D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye.
Answer: Holden Caulfield [accept either name]
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During this conflict, one country established a puppet regime known as the Terijoki Government, and it began with one side shelling their own border village of Mainila. The eventual losers of this conflict showed the prowess of their motti tactic in a remarkable incident at Raate Road in which 3,600 soldiers ambushed, broke up, and defeated a force of 25,000, and that battle prevented the other side from marching to Oulu and splitting the country in half. Fears over the nationalist and anti-communist Lapua Movement contributed to one side's participation in this conflict, and that side eventually broke through the Mannerheim Line and captured Karelia. For 10 points, name this World War Two-era invasion of Finland which showed the weakness of the Soviet military.
Answer: Winter War [or talvisota]
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One character in this film introduces himself as a teacher on sabbatical who just won the lottery after refusing to stay at a shoddy hotel. Yusef Kabira is killed after trying to seduce a Canadian with an identical necklace to one carried by the protagonist. Earlier in this film, one character steals an earpiece from a gift bag and uses it to disrupt a clandestine meeting at a performance of Tosca. The ecological organization called Greene Planet is run by Dominic Greene, who is left in the desert with a bottle of motor oil after assisting in a scheme to limit the water supply of Bolivia. For 10 points, name this 2008 sequel to Casino Royale, the twenty second Bond film.
Answer: Quantum of Solace
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The enantioselective reduction of these compounds by a bicyclic boron-containing proline derivative in the presence of diborane was pioneered by Corey, Bakshi, and Shibata. A hydroxyl aryl version of this functionality is produced in the Fries rearrangement. When acting on a secondary but not a primary alcohol, the Jones reagent produces this functionality. In the presence of acid or base, it forms a tautomer with enol, and in solution with ammonium silver nitrate, this compound fails to produce a precipitate. Thus, it has a negative result in the Tollens test. For 10 points, name this functional group, consisting of two alkyl groups attached to a carbonyl group, the simplest of which is acetone.
Answer: ketone [prompt on "carbonyl"]
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In the bottom right of this work, a partridge is perched on a branch. In the background, several ships can be seen sailing near a port which is surrounded by cliffs and lies across from what appears to be a volcano. Near the center of this painting, a man leaning on a stick looks skyward rather than monitoring the sheep surrounding him. Other figures include a fisherman and a plowman, both of whom ignore the titular event, as does the ship passing the title character. For 10 points, identify this painting depicting the drowning of the son of Daedalus, by Bruegel the elder.
Answer: Landscape with the Fall of Icarus
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The Privilegium Minus placated this group's member Henry the Lion with the creation of the Duchy of Austria. Their titular rebellion occurred while Conrad III was fighting the Second Crusade, and they supported Otto IV during the succession dispute with Frederick of Sicily for the Imperial crown. Charles of Anjou helped this group in establishing themselves in their most important city where the Donati and Cerchi families created "black" and "white" factions, Florence. Also controlling Milan, Genoa and Bologna, their main opponents controlled Siena, Arezzo, and Pisa. For 10 points, name this political faction from the 12th to 14th centuries in Germany and Italy who supported mercantile interests and the papacy against the Holy Roman Emperor, and were pitted against the Ghibellines.
Answer: Guelphs [or Guelfs; or Welfs]
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When two of these are near each other, the Fujiwhara effect occurs, resulting in their centers orbiting around a point in between the two systems. Their formation is aided by upper-level speed divergence in the vicinity of the jet stream coupled with weak surface convergence. They must form in high humidity regions at least 5 degrees from the equator because the Coriolis effect is crucial to their initial rotation. These systems are classified by winds reaching a 12 on the Beaufort scale. For 10 points name these tropical storm systems that contain areas of low pressure and warm circulation, an example of which sees a calm at its center or "eye."
Answer: tropical cyclone [or hurricane; cylonic vortex; typhoon; tropical storm until mentioned; tropical depression; prompt on partial answers of any of these; do not accept "low pressure center" or "tropical wave"]
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This psychologist used the case of Mrs. L and her son Jim to illustrate his most famous theory in his book Counseling and Psychotherapy. His A Way of Being was a follow-up to a work in which he asserted that "the good life is a process, not a state of being" and discussed the development of "trust in one's organism," On Becoming a Person. This psychologist developed a system of therapy involving a non-directive approach based on unconditional positive regard for the patient. For 10 points, name this psychologist who developed client-centered therapy.
Answer: Carl Ransom Rogers
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The protagonist of this novel forgets to turn off his scent tap before flying by helicopter to Malpais. Other characters in this work include a Polish boy named Reuben Rabinovitch, who learns English in his sleep. Technologies introduced in this work include Malthusian drills, Podsnap's technique, and Bokanovsky's human egg fertilization process, which is used to distinguish between Alphas and Epsilons. When Lenina brings John the Savage back to London, he gains instant celebrity. This novel is set in 632 Year of our Ford, and ends when Mustafa Mond exiles Helmholtz and Bernard Marx. For ten points name this dystopian novel by Aldous Huxley.
Answer: Brave New World
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The first of this composer's four piano trios notably opens in B major and ends in B minor. The A-E-F motif dominates the Double Concerto in A minor of this composer, who created a work whose movements begin "for all flesh is grass" and "blessed are they that mourn," a seven-movement piece with text from the Luther Bible. This man sought to balance his Tragic Overture with a joking work with the "Fuschlied" and "Gaudeamus igitur" songs, which celebrate student life at the University of Breslau. For 10 points, name this German composer of the German Requiem and Academic Festival Overture.
Answer: Johannes Brahms
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Parks in this city include one called Riverside Promenade which offers a view of a section of the city called the Bund that contains numerous buildings built by the British and French. This city's Century Park is its largest, located in Pudong, and other attractions include the Jade Buddha Temple which contains the Hall of the Kings of Heaven. A tea house is located in the center of a lake in this city located near the Yu Garden. This city is located just south of Hengsha Island and east of Lake Tai, the source of the Huangpu River which bisects this city, but more notable is this city's location on the delta of the Yangtze. For 10 points, name this Chinese port city located east of Nanjing on the East China Sea.
Answer: Shanghai
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One character in this novel tells a story in which the tortoise loses the smoothness of his shell after being invited to a feast by the birds. Reverend Smith replaces the tolerant Mr. Brown in this novel. The protagonist of this work wrestles with Amalinze the Cat, and is given custody of Ikemefuna. An exploding gun causes the protagonist of this work to accidentally kill a boy. Enoch unmasks the egwugwu causing the rampage and eventual suicide of the protagonist of this work. This novel takes place in Umuofia and takes its title from the Yeats poem "The Second Coming." For 10 points name this novel about the Igbo Okonkwo, a work of Chinua Achebe.
Answer: Things Fall Apart
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Participants at this meeting decided to attack Generals Alfredo and Guzzoni next, and it occurred after the Battle of Bizerte. This event's namesake communique stated that naval operations in the Atlantic were given top priority in order to secure shipping routes, and the Trident Conference would occur after this meeting. The non-stop air bombing of Germany was planned here, and Sicily was named as the next target for Allied invasion at this conference that followed Operation Torch. In order to placate one of the absent leaders, one participant also issued the doctrine of unconditional surrender of Germany, Italy, and Japan in, for 10 points, which 1943 meeting between Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt without Joseph Stalin located in a seaside city on the North African coast?
Answer: Casablanca Conference
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Various phenomena associated with this force can be described by the creation and annihilation of modes called shearons. Defects along a surface can lead to energetic corrugations resulting in this force according to the Tomlinson model, which describes it on the atomic level. The triboelectric effect is charging as a consequence of this force, whose "skin" variety occurs at a body-fluid interface. It is independent of surface area according to one of Amontons' Laws, and superlubricity is the total absence of this force. For 10 points, identify this force which is perpendicular to the normal force and provides resistance when two surfaces slide over each other.
Answer: friction
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The Voluspa states that this figure and his wife lie "under a grove of hot springs," and later refers to him as the brother of Byleist. This figure killed a man in the form of an otter, paying the weregild for that death with gold stolen from Andvari. This killer of Fimafeng was punished with the death of his son Narfi, whose entrails were used to bind him to a tree. This god writhes in agony as a snake drips venom on his face, which occurs whenever Sigyn has to empty the poison bowl. This god arms Hoder with a sharpened sprig of mistletoe, which is used to kill Balder. The father of Hel, for 10 points, name this trickster god of Norse mythology.
Answer: Loki
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In mammals, these entities may be influenced by light-sensitive melanopsin ganglion cells. They are entrained by a periodic environmental signal called the zeitgeber and are called "free running" in the absence of such a signal. Their occurrence is coordinated by an area within the anterior hypothalamus, the suprachiasmatic nucleus, and disorders related to these in humans include advanced sleep phase syndrome. In diurnal animals these are controlled by levels of melatonin. For 10 points, identify these cycles providing the body with an internal clock lasting approximately 3 hours in humans.
Answer: circadian rhythms
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Types of this phenomenon include acculturative, which is associated with the conflicts of maintaining a minority identity, and transitional, which is associated with conflict across important developmental periods. Hans Selye described a universal response to this, which he termed the General Adaptation Syndrome. It can mediate illness by increasing high-risk behaviors and depressing the immune system, and Type A personalities experience higher levels of it than Type B personalities. For 10 points, name this phenomenon which is characterized by mental or emotional strain.
Answer: stress
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After this man met Benjamin Lundy he joined the immediatism movement, and he burned a copy of the Constitution on the Fourth of July because he believed it was an agreement with the devil. In Thoughts on African Colonization, this man condemned recolonization efforts and the Liberty Party split from this man after he lost support while campaigning against capital punishment, tobacco, and imprisonment for debt. Inspired by The Book and Slavery Irreconcilable to found a certain organization, for 10 points, name this abolitionist leader who called for "no union with slave holders" in The Liberator and also founded the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Answer: William Lloyd Garrison
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The protagonist of this novel learns that one character is a printer named Gerard Duval after finding his wallet. In one scene in this novel, three characters swim naked across a canal carrying only boots full of food. Earlier, the main character is attacked by a bull mastiff when he and Kat steal a goose. This novel's brief final section features an abrupt shift to the third person, and earlier in this novel, Mueller takes a pair of boots from the dying Himmerich. The protagonist of this novel helps beat up Himmelstoss, the drill sergeant who trained Paul Baumer's squad before it was sent to the trenches. For 10 points, name this World War I novel by Erich Maria Remarque.
Answer: All Quiet on the Western Front [or Im Westen nichts Neues]
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One opera by this composer begins with a prelude repeating "Open are the double doors of the horizon/Unlocked are its bolts." That opera by this composer contains a second-act recitation of Psalm 104, following a duet in which the title character reads love poems to his wife, who is in a lower register. Another opera by this composer contains an electric organ accompanying repeating countdowns as well as "All Men are Equal" and "Mr. Bojangles" in its first "Trial," which precedes the second of the five "knee plays." For 10 points, name this minimalist composer of Satyagraha, Akhenaten, and Einstein on the Beach.
Answer: Philip Morris Glass
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Richard Wright was inspired by the work of this author to spend the final months of his life writing poetry. This author's first book written without collaborators was Seashell Game, and he created a new subgenre with his collection Winter Days. He was inspired by Butcho to publish A Visit to the Kashima Shrine. He wrote a famous poem about a frog leaping into a pond, and took his name from the banana plant hut he once lived in. Many of his works were based on the idea of sabi, the perfect spiritual serenity obtained by immersing oneself in nature. For ten points, name this poet of Narrow Road to the Deep North, an Edo period Japanese author and master of the Haiku.
Answer: Matsuo Basho
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by Rice + Michigan
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Max Planck stated that this law of thermodynamics allows for the definition of a temperature function. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this law of thermodynamics which says that if system A is in thermal equilibrium with system B, and B is in equilibrium with C, then systems A and C are in thermal equilibrium.
Answer: zeroth law of thermodynamics
[10] Another thermodynamic equilibrium is one in which the chemical potentials of two systems are the same. In that equilibrium, this process, the movement of molecules down a concentration gradient, no longer occurs.
Answer: molecular diffusion
[10] For a one-component system, this relation states that SdT minus VdP plus Nd mu is zero, where mu is the chemical potential.
Answer: Gibbs-Duhem relation/equation [prompt on partial answer]
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The Federal Plaza in Chicago contains this sculptor's stabile Flamingo. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American sculptor who is better known for his mobiles, such as the sheet metal, wire, and paint Lobster Trap and Fish Tail, which hangs in the MoMA.
Answer: Alexander "Sandy" Calder
[10] "Calder's mobiles were influenced by this Dada sculptor who submitted a urinal as Fountain under the name R. Mutt. He also created The Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even.
Answer: Marcel Duchamp
[10] Another public art fan and bathroom device aficionado was this Swedish-American sculptor of Soft Bathtub (Model), and the tank-supported Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks.
Answer: Claes Oldenburg
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A chorus in this play consists of old men who light fires under the Acropolis to try to smoke out the women who have captured the treasury. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Cleonice and the title character convince the women of Athens and Sparta to withhold sex from their warring husbands.
Answer: Lysistrata
[10] This comic Greek playwright of The Birds and The Clouds wrote Lysistrata.
Answer: Aristophanes
[10] In this Aristophanes play, Cleon controls a representation of the Athenian people named Demos until he is challenged by the Sausage Seller.
Answer: The Knights [or Hippes]
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Answer the following about gods of lightning and thunder, for 10 points each.,
[10] The Brontes, Arges, and Steropes fashioned thunderbolts for this chief god of the Greek pantheon, who was raised on Mount Ida and who had affairs with Metis, Semele, and others.
Answer: Zeus
[10] The lightning axe of Chaac is a famed weapon in the mythology of this civilization, whose underworld was Xibalba and whose Hero Twins' exploits were codified in the Popul Vuh.
Answer: Mayan civilization
[10] This Japanese deity is accompanied by his brother, the wind god Fujin. This demon god beats Tomoe-bearing drums to create thunder, and purportedly feasts on the navels of children.
Answer: Raijin [grudgingly accept Raiden]
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For 10 points each, identify these schemes from British history:,
[10] This Roger Catesby-led plot to blow up the Houses of Parliament and James I was foiled when Lord Monteagle had a letter from his brother warning him to stay away read aloud during a meeting of parliament. Robert Cecil ordered investigations which turned up a certain Guy Fawkes guarding a pile of firewood.
Answer: Gunpowder Plot [or The Powder Treason]
[10] This fictitious conspiracy concocted by Titus Oates and Israel Tonge accused the Catholic church of plotting to kill Charles II. It led to the arrest of five Catholic lords the Early of Shaftesbury pushed for a law that excluded James II from succession after it.
Answer: Popish plot
[10] Arthur Thistlewood and his fellow Spencean Philanthropists, angered by the Six Acts and the Peterloo massacre, planned to kill and decapitate all of Britain's cabinet ministers as well as Lord Liverpool in this plot.
Answer: Cato Street Conspiracy
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For 10 points each, identify these Nobel prize-winning economists from the 1970s.,
[10] This 1970 winner wrote Foundations of Economic Analysis, in which he used the thermodynamic methods of Willard Gibbs. He also wrote an influential textbook, simply titled Economics.
Answer: Paul Samuelson
[10] This economist, who won the Nobel in 1972 along with John Hicks, is known for his namesake "impossibility theorem" about voting systems.
Answer: Kenneth Arrow
[10] This economist shared the 1974 prize with Gunnar Myrdal. He wrote The Constitution of Liberty and discussed Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union in The Road to Serfdom.
Answer: Friedrich von Hayek
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Betz cells are the largest cells of this type in the CNS, and Purkinje cells are bipolar examples of them. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these cells, which possess axons and dendrites to transmit electrochemical signals in the nervous system.
Answer: neurons [or neuronal cells; prompt on "nerve" or "nerve cell"]
[10] Astrocytes and Schwann cells are examples of these non-neuronal cells that serve such diverse functions as providing structure to neurons and producing myelin.
Answer: glial cells [or neuroglia]
[10] The thin epithelium of CSF-filled ventricles of the brain is formed by these glial cells, which are responsible for CSF circulation and production in the choroid plexus.
Answer: ependymal cells [or ependyma]
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For 10 points each, name these violent works of Asian cinema.,
[10] In this Kurosawa film, villagers recruit the leader of the titular group to defend their town, after watching him rescue a boy held hostage by a thief.
Answer: The Seven Samurai [or Shichinin no Samurai]
[10] In this film, the Millennium Educational Reform Act sends one class of students every year to an isolated island. The students are fitted with electrical collars and forced to gruesomely kill each other.
Answer: Battle Royale [or Batoru Rowaiaru]
[10] In this classic of Hong Kong cinema, the title character punches off the limbs of the opium growing inmates known as the "Gang of Four" before throwing the warden into a meat grinder.
Answer: Riki-Oh [or The Story of Ricky; or Lik Wong]
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Many Eugene O'Neil plays contain prostitutes. Name some plays that fit that description, for 10 points each.,
[10] The prostitute Minnie sleeps with two generations of Cabots in this drama. Simeon's claim that "No one never kills nobody" is disproven when Abbie Putnam smothers her baby.
Answer: Desire Under the Elms
[10] Jamie reminisces about sleeping with Fat Violet in this play, which details the internal struggles of the Tyrone family.
Answer: Long Day's Journey Into Night
[10] Pearl, Margie and Cora are dollar streetwalkers who frequent Harry Hope's Last Chance Saloon while waiting for the arrival of Hickey in this O'Neil play.
Answer: The Iceman Cometh
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Step into the shoes of quizbowl's most notable traveler, Charles Meigs, and answer these questions about locations in Central Asia, for 10 points each.,
[10] While fleeing Turkmenistan after insulting the memory of Supramanat Niyazov, Meigs might be forced to follow the largest irrigation canal ever constructed through this desert, which is rapidly expanding into the Aral Sea.
Answer: Karakum or Garagum
[10] After escaping from Turkmenistan, Meigs might want to chill at the Bibi Khanym Mosque in this city, the second-largest in Uzbekistan. It's also notable for being the capitol of Tamerlane's empire.
Answer: Samarkand
[10] Meigs's fleeing from the Turkmen authorities may eventually lead him to hide out in this high Tajik range which contains peaks such as Mount Communism.
Answer: Pamir Mountains [or Congling]
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For 10 points each, identify these topological constructs.,
[10] This is a one-sided surface with zero Gaussian curvature. It can be produced from a rectangular slip of paper by creating a half-twist and then joining the ends together.
Answer: Mobius Strip
[10] Dissecting this other non-orientable surface yields two Mobius strips. According to the Heawood conjecture, six colors are needed to color a map on its surface.
Answer: Klein bottle
[10] The image of this type of knot in R3 has derivatives that are tangent to the standard contact structure at all points. Its namesake also names associated polynomials that appear in the angular part of solutions to Laplace's equation in spherical coordinates.
Answer: Legendrian knot [or Legendre's knot]
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For 10 points each, answer these questions about a noted skeptic.,
[10] This guy who worried a lot about mind-body dualism attempted to build up the sum of knowledge from the statement "I think, therefore I am."
Answer: Rene Descartes
[10] Descartes first stated "I think, therefore I am" in Part IV of this work, which, along with Meditations on First Philosophy, forms the basis for Cartesian rationalism.
Answer: Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting One's Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences [or Discours de la methode pour bien conduire sa raison, et chercher la verite dans les sciences]
[10] Descartes tried to solve the mind-body problem by positing this anatomical part as the connection between the mind and the body. He called it "the seat of the soul."
Answer: pineal gland
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Although industry thrived, the Progressive Era belonged to the reformers and whistleblowers. For 10 points each, name these muckrakers.,
[10] Instrumental in closing down New York City tenements, this photographer documented the horrible conditions in How the Other Half Lives.
Answer: Jacob August Riis
[10] Railing against corruption in his The Shame of the Cities, this McClure's writer wrote of the Soviet Union, "I have been over into the future, and it works." He also published "Tweed Days in St. Louis."
Answer: Joseph Lincoln Steffens
[10] This journalist was a colleague at McClure's of Steffens and Ray Stennard Baker. Failing to mention that her brother owned a competing company, she wrote The History of the Standard Oil Company, which helped lead to its demise.
Answer: Ida Minerva Tarbell
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The servant Face avoids punishment by arranging a marriage between his master Lovewit and Dame Pliant. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Epicure Mamon is among those duped by the title character.
Answer: The Alchemist
[10] The Alchemist was written by this author of The Poetaster, Bartholomew Fair, and Every Man out of His Humour.
Answer: Ben Jonson
[10] The title character of this Jonson play, whose name means "The Fox," is undone because of his trust in his wily sidekick Mosca and his love for Corvino's wife Celia.
Answer: Volpone
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This composer created a challenging lied Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel from the text of Goethe's Faust. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Austrian composer of the Rosamunde string quartet, who created a piano quintet whose fourth movement was a set of variations on his earlier "The Trout" lied.
Answer: Franz Peter Schubert
[10] Leopold Godowsky wrote a passacaglia on this famous Schubert work, whose two complete movements are in B minor and E major, and whose third is a partial scherzo in 3/4 time.
Answer: Symphony No. 8 in B Minor [or Unfinished Symphony; or Unvollendete]
[10] Schubert used Goethe's text for this lied about a supernatural creature who sings undulating arpeggios in pianissimo, and who kills the child that the father cradles in his arms.
Answer: Der Erlkonig [or The Erlkonig; accept The Elf King]
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This religion celebrates Vaisakhi on the 13th of April, which corresponds to the laying down of Khalsa. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Indian religion with ten gurus such as Gobind Singh and Teg Bahadur, whose male adherents wear turbans and adhere to the five Ks.
Answer: Sikhism
[10] This primary Sikh holy text is often identified as the eleventh guru after Gobind Singh's death in 1708. It lays down the Sikh morality codes.
Answer: Adi Granth [or Adi Sri Guru Granth Sahib]
[10] The Kara is a small steel bangle and the Kesh is the practice of wearing unshorn hair. Name any of the three physical objects that correspond to the other three Ks.
Answer: a comb, a knife, and an undergarment [or dagger; or underwear; accept any of the underlined]
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This statement can be derived from Fermat's principle of least time, which explains that path length of light waves must be stationary. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this law of refraction, which states that ratio of the sines of the incident and refracted angles at an interface are related by the appropriate indices of refraction of the surfaces at that interface.
Answer: Snell's law
[10] Some light is typically reflected at the boundary of two surfaces, but at this incident angle, all plane-polarized light is transmitted through the second surface.
Answer: Brewster's angle
[10] This other angle, given as the inverse sine of the ratio of the indices of refraction, is the angle beyond which total internal reflection occurs.
Answer: critical angle
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In Concerning the Spiritual in Art, he claimed that works of art cause an inner resonance in the soul. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painter of the Composition series, which included three paintings confiscated by the Nazis as "degenerate art."
Answer: Wassily Kandinsky
[10] A Kandinsky painting gave rise to the name of this school, which was led by Kandinsky and Franz Marc. Other artists associated with this school include Albert Bloch and August Macke.
Answer: The Blue Rider [or Der Blaue Reiter]
[10] This painter of such works as Viaducts Break Ranks and Fish Magic was also associated with the Blue Rider. He also depicted several birds connected to the title device in Twittering Machine.
Answer: Paul Klee
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He wrote a four part work based on Genesis in his Joseph and his Brothers series. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German author of Doktor Faustus, The Transposed Heads, and Magic Mountain.
Answer: Thomas Mann
[10] Thomas Mann's response to Goethe's The Sorrows of Young Werther is titled after this character "in Weimar." Werther falls in love with this character but commits suicide because of his unrequited love for this character.
Answer: Lotte in Weimar [or Charlotte]
[10] Having to wait for his lost luggage while stranded in Como, the protagonist of this Mann novella suffers the title misfortune after watching Jaschiu press Tadzio's face into the sand.
Answer: Death in Venice [or Der Tod in Venedig]
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Answer the following questions about linguistic confusion, for 10 points each.,
[10] "The horse raced past the barn fell" is an example of one of these sentences, which initially lead the listener to an incorrect parsing.
Answer: garden path sentences
[10] Garden path sentences are an example of this phenomenon in which a word or phrase has multiple possible interpretations. It is classified into lexical, syntactic, and semantic types.
Answer: ambiguity
[10] These are substitutions occurring at the level of segments or syllables, resulting in phrases such as "parrots and keys" for "carrots and peas."
Answer: spoonerisms
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This author wrote Flower Fables while tutoring Ralph Waldo Emerson's daughter. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author who described her time as a Civil War nurse in Hospital Sketches and wrote about the community of Fruitlands in Transcendental Wild Oats.
Answer: Louis May Alcott
[10] Louisa May Alcott wrote this novel in which the tomboyish Jo and the artistic Amy are among the title members of the March family.
Answer: Little Women
[10] In Little Women, this March sister contracts scarlet fever from the immigrant Hummel family and later dies of the consumption.
Answer: Beth [or Elizabeth]

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