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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by RPI + MSU A
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One man with this surname proposed giving Zionists Uganda as their homeland and attempted to form an alliance with Germany several times in the Salisbury administration. Another man with this last name served as Chancellor of the Exchequer under Arthur Balfour and Foreign Secretary under Stanley Baldwin, during which he negotiated the Locarno Treaties with Gustav Stresemann. The best known man of this surname is remembered for preceding Winston Churchill as Prime Minister and appeasing Hitler. For 10 points, give this surname shared by British politicians Joseph and his sons Austen and Neville.
Answer: Chamberlain
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Chloramphenicol stalls the activity of this structure, while reversal of its primary function is enabled by LepA. That function is carried out using the GTPase activity of EF-G. One of its main substrates is assembled using the enzyme aaRS, and in prokaryotes, its 16S portion attaches to the Shine-Dalgarno sequence. Designated 70S or 80S, this organelle transfers a nascent peptide from its P-site to its A-site where aminoacyl-tRNA accepts the polymerizing protein chain. The tRNAs then exit from its E-site. Coming in free and bound varieties, for 10 points, name this organelle sometimes found on rough ER that contains two subunits and is the site of protein synthesis.
Answer: ribosome
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In one scene in this play, two characters tie their belts together to trap another character. Earlier, the protagonists employ tennis scoring in their Game of Questions. Two characters in this play hear music emanating from some barrels before the arrival of pirates prompts them to hide. The protagonists encounter the Player, who leads a troupe of actors called the Tragedians in a performance of the Murder of Gonzago. This play opens as one character continuously wins a coin flipping game, and ends with the English ambassador announcing the deaths of the title characters at Elsinore Castle. For 10 points, name this Tom Stoppard play centered on two minor characters from Hamlet.
Answer: Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead
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This man's on-air admission of surgery led Michael Savage to label him "the hemorrhoid with eyes." This man ordered Keith Ellison to "prove to me that you are not working with our enemies," and he was accused by the hosts of The View of lying about a chance meeting on an Amtrak train. This commentator highlighted Nine Principles and Twelve Values as part of his 9/12 project, and lost over forty advertisers after accusing President Obama of having "a deep-seated hatred for white people." For 10 points, name this author of An Inconvenient Book and The Real America, a right wing commentator who joins Bill O'Reilly and Sean Hannity on Fox News.
Answer: Glenn Beck
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Due chiefly to the provocation of this man, problems stemming from the Convention of Gastein led to the Seven Weeks War and Austria's exclusion from a newly established empire. This person arranged the Reinsurance Treaty with Russia, a secret agreement compelled by the collapse of the Three Emperors League. The May Laws promulgated by this leader's minister of culture, Adalbert Falk, contributed to a political struggle called the Kulturkampf. This prime minister edited an exchange between the French Count Benedetti and King William in such a way so as to provoke armed conflict; that message, the Ems telegram, precipitated the Franco-Prussian War. For 10 points, name this German chancellor from 1871 to 1890, a Prussian who was the chief architect of the late-nineteenth century German Empire.
Answer: Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck
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One of this author's protagonists helps William T. Knife market the caffeinated beverage Okey-Dokey. That satire of the fundraising culture, Gideon Plainish, features a character who manages the career of the evangelist Sharon Falconer in another of this author's novels. This author set his novel about the Jolly Seventeen's conflict with Carol Kennicott in the town of Gopher Prairie. Another town created by this author is in the fictional state of Winnemac, and is home to the car salesman Samuel Dodsworth, the preacher Elmer Gantry, and the real estate agent George Babbit. For 10 points, name this author of Main Street.
Answer: Sinclair Lewis
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This relation was discovered by Irving Fisher in the 1920s, thirty-two years before its namesake published his work on it. The New Classical version of it was developed by Robert Lucas. Robert Solow and Paul Samuelson showed that this it applied to the United States. It was criticized by Edmund Phelps and Milton Friedman, who argued that it could not hold in the long run. This relation, which is similar to Okun's law, came under increasing attack in the 1970s due to stagflation. For 10 points, identify this curve in economics that gives an inverse relationship between inflation and unemployment.
Answer: Phillips curve
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Alexander Calder's Ordinary is located outside of this structure, which lies across from the Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill-designed Lever House. The shear trusses and shear walls of this building extend to the 29th and 17th floors of it respectively. This building has three specified positions for window blinds, which its architect included to maintain uniformity. Mark Rothko was going to create displeasing art for the Four Seasons Restaurant in this International Style building. For 10 points, name this structure designed by Johnson and Mies van der Rohe.
Answer: Seagram Building
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A higher thoroughput modification of this technique starts at a high temperature but lowers it in small increments until it reaches a specified point. In addition to that touchdown variant, another variant of this technique simultaneously quantifies its product in real-time. It employs cations like magnesium 2+ to stabilize its products and uses dNTPs as building blocks for those products. This process uses different temperatures for its denaturing, annealing, and elongation stages, and it was greatly improved with the thermostable Taq polymerase enzyme that carries it out. For 10 points, name this common laboratory technique used to amplify a sample of DNA.
Answer: PCR [or Polymerase Chain Reaction]
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This country's south-central lowland is home to such rivers as the Inhul and the Southern Bug, and that lowland is flanked by the Volhynian-Podolian uplands on the west and the Donets range on the east. With its northern neighbor, this country shares the Pripet marshes, thought by some to be the original homeland of the Slavs. The Kerch Strait, which connects the Sea of Azov to a larger sea, separates this country's large southern peninsula from Russia. That peninsula, the Crimea, contains Yalta, the site of a prominent meeting during World War Two, and Sevastopol, a Black Sea resort. For 10 points, name this large former Soviet republic in Eastern Europe, a country whose notable cities include Kharkov, Odessa, and its capital, Kiev.
Answer: Ukraine [or Ukrayina]
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One work by this author centers on a play about the pilot Rico Verri directed by Dr. Hinkfuss's. The protagonist of one of this author's novels abandons his wife Romilda and wins big at Monte Carlo before trading identities with a dead man. This author of Tonight We Improvise and The Late Mattia Pascal wrote about a man who falls off of his horse and believes he is the title Holy Emperor. One of his plays is partially set in Madame Pace's shop and sees the Father, the Mother, the Stepdaughter, the Son, The Boy, and the Little Girl ask the Stage Manager to put them in a play. For 10 points, identify this Italian author of Henry IV and Six Characters in Search of an Author.
Answer: Luigi Pirandello
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Honey-colored saffron clothes were worn by girls dressed as arktoi in the Brauronia, which was a celebration of this deity. This deity ran between Otus and Ephialtes, causing them to kill each other, and in another story, she substituted a deer for Iphigenia in the altar of sacrifice. King Oeneus forgot to worship this goddess, who angrily sent the Calydonian boar to ravage the land. After one of her attendants fathered Arcas, she transformed Callisto into a bear, but her most vengeful act was slaughtering the children of Niobe, who insulted her mother Leto. For 10 points, name this sister of Apollo and goddess of the hunt.
Answer: Artemis
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The Williams-Landel-Ferry model provides more accurate predictions for viscosity at higher temperatures than this related equation. This equation is similar in form to an equation based on transition state theory named after Polanyi and Eyring. Derived largely from collision theory, it includes one term based partially on the number of collisions in the system, as well as a term equal to e to the negative capital E-sub-a over RT. Preceded by a pre-exponential or steric factor typically symbolized A and used to compute the rate constant in terms of activation energy, for 10 points, name this equation of chemical kinetics, named after a Swedish chemist.
Answer: Arrhenius Equation
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This philosopher wrote a work addressed to Philipp van Limborch which argued that neither atheists nor the Catholic Church should be tolerated, A Letter Concerning Toleration. His other works include The Reasonableness of Christianity and the anonymously published Two Treatises on Government. In Some Thoughts Concerning Education, he claimed that man is made what he is through education, extending the idea that the mind is a tabula rasa which he introduced in his most famous work. For 10 points, name this Enlightenment philosopher who wrote An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.
Answer: John Locke
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One engagement at this battle saw the Marquis de Choisy defeat the forces of Thomas Dundas at Gloucester, while the capturing of Redoubts 9 and 10 led one side to the breaking point. Prior to this battle, one side had convinced the enemy of an imminent attack on New York City, while the other side had marched in after resupplying at Wilmington. This battle was preceded by a defeat for Thomas Graves' fleet against the fleet of Admiral de Grasse at the Battle of the Chesapeake and its conclusion saw the British band play The World Turned Upside Down. For 10 points, identify this battle that caused the downfall of Lord North's government, the signing of the Treaty of Paris and the defeat of the British in the American Revolution.
Answer: Battle of Yorktown [accept Siege of Yorktown]
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One episode in this book is a mass circumcision at Gibeath-Haaraloth, which becomes known as the "hill of foreskins." One army in this book suffers a defeat at the city of Ai, which leads to the stoning of Achan for his covetousness. In this book, a coalition led by Adoni-Zedek later attacks Gibeon, and in one of the first conquests in this book, the harlot Rahab assists the Israelite army by harboring spies sent to her city. That act allowed the title character's army to march around Jericho and bring down its walls on the seventh day. For 10 points, identify this book of the Old Testament that details the Israelite conquest of Canaan following the death of Moses.
Answer: The Book of Joshua [or Sefer Y'hoshua]
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This author wrote of a student whose betrayal of Victor Haldin allows him to infiltrate a group of revolutionaries. Mr. Verloc tries to make Stevie bomb Greenwich observatory in another of his works. In one novel by this man, Montero's army invades the town of Sulaco after the title character takes over Gould's silver mining operation in the fictional country Costaguana. One of this author's protagonists becomes a leader on the island of Patusan in a novel narrated by this author's recurring character Charlie Marlow. For 10 points, name this author of The Secret Agent and Nostromo who wrote about the sinking of the Patna in Lord Jim and the search for Kurtz in the Congo in The Heart of Darkness.
Answer: Joseph Conrad
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Gerald Holton discovered that seven observations in this experiment had been discarded despite giving a result within two-percent of the correct one, and Ehrenhaft performed it earlier, obtaining the quantity 9 times 10 to the minus 11 esu as a result. This experiment used a modified form of Stokes' law to calculate drag, and its results were likely undervalued by one-percent due to air viscosity. The setup used parallel plates to produce an electric field balancing gravity, while an atomizer to produce the namesake material similar to a perfume spray. For 10 points, name this 1909 experiment conducted by Millikan that calculated the charge of an electron.
Answer: Millikan-Fletcher oil-drop experiment [prompt on "Millikan"]
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This man wrote a cantata about a creature from Persian myth that tries to regain entrance into heaven. This composer wrote a set of variations on his imaginary friend Meta Abegg. This composer wrote his only cello concerto in A minor and dedicated to Frederic Chopin his Kriesleriana. One composition by this man contains quotations of "Grandfather's Dance" and he quoted from that work in his later piece Carnaval. Of this man's four symphonies, the third opens powerfully like a fanfare in E-flat major and his first was written the year after he married Clara. For 10 points, name this German composer of the Spring and Rhenish symphonies.
Answer: Robert Alexander Schumann
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This man was adopted by Glaukias, a king of the Taulantians, after his father Aeacides was deposed. This man's capital was Ambrakia, and he captured Eryx, the last stronghold of the Carthaginians in Sicily, for the Greeks. Lysimachus ended this man's short first reign as King of Macedon, but this man later regained that title shortly before he died in Argos. Although he was quite successful at the Battle of Heraclea, this man narrowly defeated the Romans under Publius Decius Mus at the Battle of Asculum during his invasion of Southern Italy. For 10 points, name this Greek ruler, a third century BC King of Epirus who is the namesake of a type of costly victory.
Answer: Pyrrhus of Epirus
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Forbush decrease refers to loss of cosmic ray intensity due to matter originating from this entity. The TRACE mission has utilized 171-angstrom radiation filters to study namesake loops extending into this region arising from fixed points of magnetic flux below it. Those loops, which reach megaKelvin temperatures, act as precursors to events originating here involving the violent expulsion of matter, this region's namesake mass ejections. The source of solar wind, this region surrounds the chromosphere. For 10 points, name this plasma region forming the outermost portion of the Sun's atmosphere, whose name comes from the Latin for "crown".
Answer: corona [accept coronal mass ejections or CMEs until "entity" in first sentence; prompt on "Sun" until "region" in second sentence]
 
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by RPI + MSU A
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This author wrote about a conspiracy against the Genoan doge Andrea Doria in his play Fiesco. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German playwright who revitalized the use of classical tropes in The Bride of Messina, and wrote a trilogy about the Thirty Years' War general Wallenstein.
Answer: Friedrich Schiller
[10] This Schiller poem calls its subject a "beautiful spark of the Gods" and a "Daughter of Elysium." It was set to music by a German romantic composer.
Answer: "Ode to Joy" [or An die Freude]
[10] In this Schiller play, Albrecht Gessler makes everyone bow before a cap on a pole, before forcing the title Swiss hero to shoot an apple off of his son's head.
Answer: William Tell [or Wilhelm Tell]
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Name these important concepts of Hinduism, for 10 points each.,
[10] This the cycle of transmigration in birth, death, and rebirth, which is broken upon the attainment of moksha, or release.
Answer: samsara
[10] This word for the individual soul is often equated with Brahman in Advaita philosophy, but the Vedas hold it to be distinct.
Answer: atman
[10] The Bhagavad Gita focuses heavily on the "Bhakti," "Gyana," and "Karma" forms of these methods of connecting with God. The Hatha form, which prescribes various postures known as asanas, is popularly practiced as a method of exercise.
Answer: yoga
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For 10 points each, identify these politicians who were influential in the New Deal.,
[10] As Secretary of the Treasury from 1934 until the end of Roosevelt's presidency, this man oversaw a budget that included such programs as the CCC and TVA.
Answer: Henry Morgenthau, Jr.
[10] Harry Hopkins oversaw this large New Deal agency which included groups like the Federal Art Project, in contrast to the Civilian Conservation Corps.
Answer: WPA [or Works Progress Administration; or Works Projects Administration]
[10] As Secretary of Agriculture for Roosevelt's first two terms, this man oversaw controversial programs like slaughtering pigs and destroying cotton fields to raise prices. Harry Truman succeeded this man as FDR's vice president.
Answer: Henry Wallace
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One of these was the subject of a war that led to the downfall of Leopoldo Galtieri. For 10 points each, answer the following about Atlantic archipelagoes:,
[10] This island group, also known as Las Islas Malvinas, is occupied by Britain despite a failed Argentine invasion in 1982. Stanley, the capital, is home to two-thirds of the total population of the islands.
Answer: Falkland Islands
[10] This sovereign state, named for a promontory in nearby Senegal, was a Portuguese possession until 1975. It is divided into the Barlavento and Sotavento island groups, the latter of which contains its capital, Praia.
Answer: Republic of Cape Verde
[10] One current Portuguese possession is this more northerly island group whose chief town is Funchal. Distinct from the Azores, its name means "wood" in Portuguese.
Answer: Madeira Islands
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It binds to hemoglobin about 200 times more effectively than oxygen. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this toxic compound, a product of incomplete combustion. Its chemical formula is formula CO.
Answer: carbon monoxide
[10] Carbon monoxide is able to donate electrons to metals like nickel and iron. Thus, it is considered a member of this class of compounds which can form coordination complexes or chelate complexes with whatever they bind to.
Answer: ligand
[10] Nickel-CO complexes form nickel tetracarbonyl intermediates in this industrial process used to purify nickel.
Answer: Mond process [prompt on "carbonyl process"]
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Answer the following about painted renderings of a Biblical heroine, for 10 points each.,
[10] This woman appears in a sixteenth-century work by Lucas Cranach the Elder, in which she wears period dress and the head of Holofernes is sitting on a ledge in front of her.
Answer: Judith
[10] This man used chiaroscuro in his rather graphic depiction of Judith beheading Holofernes. He also painted Supper at Emmaus, and may have killed Ranuccio Tomassoni in a quarrel over a tennis match.
Answer: Caravaggio [or Michelangelo Merisi]
[10] A very erotic depiction of Judith was painted by this artist who also painted the Beethoven Frieze for the fourteenth exhibition of the Vienna Secession.
Answer: Gustav Klimt
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He wrote of Alec Scudder's homosexual relationship with the title character in his novel Maurice. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this British author who wrote about Adela Quested and Dr. Aziz in A Passage to India.
Answer: Edward Morgan Forster
[10] In this Forster novel, Lucy Honeychurch changes places with Mr. Emerson and slowly falls in love with his son George while travelling in Italy.
Answer: A Room with a View
[10] This novel, the first by Forster, takes its title from an Alexander Pope remark about where "fools rush in." It sees a baby die in a carriage accident as Lilia Herriton falls in love with Gino Carella.
Answer: Where Angels Fear to Tread
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In 1997, George Lucas decided to revisit the original Star Wars Trilogy. Identify some changes he made, for 10 points each.,
[10] In A New Hope, a scene was added showing Han Solo talking with this bulbous gangster, who is killed by Princess Leia aboard his sail barge in The Return of the Jedi.
Answer: Jabba the Hutt [or Jabba Desilijic Tiure]
[10] Another change to A New Hope involved an altercation in the Mos Eisley Cantina between Han Solo and this Rodian bounty hunter in which he apparently shoots at Han first and misses at point blank range.
Answer: Greedo
[10] In The Return of the Jedi, the song "Jedi Rocks" was added to the repertoire of this lounge act. He records songs like "Why Do I Look Like An Elephant" in a Robot Chicken infomercial.
Answer: Max Reebo Band
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Answer some questions about the philosophy of science, for 10 points each.,
[10] This author of The Poverty of Historicism and The Logic of Scientific Discovery argued for a scientific method based on falsifiability.
Answer: Karl Raimund Popper
[10] Popper sought to replace this form of reasoning with falsification. It involves drawing a general conclusion from a set of specific facts, and David Hume dealt with its namesake problem.
Answer: induction [accept word forms]
[10] In Fact, Fiction and Forecast, this philosopher introduced what he called a "new riddle of induction," proposing the existence of the color "grue," where an object is green before a certain time and blue afterwards.
Answer: Henry Nelson Goodman
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In this algorithm, elements lower than the pivot are moved before the pivot, and elements greater are moved after it; then the process is repeated for each subgroup. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this speedy algorithm developed by C.A.R. Hoare.
Answer: Quicksort
[10] In big O notation, this is the average running time of quicksort, many other sorting algorithms such as selection sort which has running time n-squared.
Answer: n(logn)
[10] This often-impractical sort looks at pairs of adjacent elements in a list and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. Its name comes from the fact that the smallest elements "float" to the top of the list.
Answer: bubble sort
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each, answer the following questions about World War One battles:,
[10] The attack of this French fortified city in February 1916 was initially a success for Falkenhayn's German forces. However, the French under Petain mounted a heroic defense of the city, whose only remaining supply line was called the "Sacred Way."
Answer: Verdun
[10] This Allied campaign, largely inspired by Winston Churchill, was designed to capture Constantinople, eliminate Turkey from the war, and allow access to Russia's Black Sea ports. However, the botched campaign ended up in futile fighting on a namesake peninsula and Anzac casualties were particularly high.
Answer: Gallipoli Campaign [prompt on "Dardanelles Campaign"]
[10] In Palestine, British General Allenby mounted a surprise attack on the German and Turkish forces at this plain north of Jerusalem in 1918. It effectively ended Turkish resistance in the Middle East.
Answer: Megiddo
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This author wrote about Undine Spragg and her four marriages in The Custom of the Country. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author who wrote about a sledding accident in Ethan Frome, and about New York society in The Age of Innocence.
Answer: Edith Wharton
[10] In this Edith Wharton novel, Gertrude Farish is unable to help Lily Bart as she becomes indebted to Gus Trenor and overdoses on chloral.
Answer: The House of Mirth
[10] In this first novella of Wharton, Stephen Glennard sells the love letters he received from novelist Margaret Aubyn. It shares its name with Duke Frederick's fool in As You Like It.
Answer: The Touchstone [or Touchstone]
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Answer the following about worm phyla for 10 points each.,
[10] This diverse phylum of pseudocoelomates consists of roundworms. Its most famous member may be the model organism, C. elegans.
Answer: Nematoda [or nematodes]
[10] Members of this phylum, which includes free-living flatworms, trematodes, and tapeworms, have no body cavity or circulatory organs, but they do possess a central nervous system.
Answer: Platyhelminthes
[10] Planaria belong to this subphylum of Platyhelminthes consisting of worms that are not completely parasitic. It is named because aquatic members generate spiral-like "whirlpools" associated with cilia motion at their surfaces.
Answer: Turbellaria
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The eleventh movement of this work, "Pianists," includes four scales that open with trills on their first two notes. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work that alludes to "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star" in "Fossils;" a composition whose other movements include "Aquarium," "Kangaroos," "The Elephant," and "The Swan."
Answer: The Carnival of the Animals [or Le Carnaval des Animaux]
[10] The Carnival of the Animals was composed by this Frenchman, who used an off-tuned violin in his Danse Macabre and a pipe-organ in two sections of his Symphony No. 3.
Answer: Charles-Camille Saint-Saens
[10] This Saint-Saens opera contains the aria "Mon cœur s'ouvre a ta voix," with which one title character attempts to seduce the other into revealing the source of his superhuman strength.
Answer: Samson and Delilah [or Samson et Dalila]
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For 10 points each, answer the following questions about late Roman emperors:,
[10] This man was to divide the empire formally, and he issued an edict in 301 to regulate prices and wages which had disastrous effects. The end of his reign saw persecutions against Christians, and he abdicated in 305.
Answer: Diocletian [or Diocles; or Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus]
[10] According to Eusebius, this emperor's victory at Milvian Bridge was the result of a miraculous dream sent to him by God. This emperor converted to Christianity and issued the Edict of Milan in 313.
Answer: Constantine I the Great [or Flavius Valerius Constantinus]
[10] Despite being the nephew of Constantine, this pagan emperor reinstituted persecutions of Christians, an act that gave him his "unholy" epithet. He intended to rule as a philosopher, modeled after Marcus Aurelius.
Answer: Julian the Apostate [or Julian II; or Flavius Claudius Julianus]
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He wrote about the murder of Santiago Nasar in Chronicle of a Death Foretold. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Colombian Nobel laureate and magical realist author of Love in the Time of Cholera, Leaf Storm, and One Hundred Years of Solitude.
Answer: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
[10] One Hundred Years of Solitude follows Ursula Iguaran and the Buendia family in this fictional town.
Answer: Macondo
[10] This less-than-flattering fictional chronicle of Simon Bolivar depicts his last voyage down the Magdalena River and his impending death.
Answer: The General in His Labyrinth [or El general in su laberinto]
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The eighth and ninth chapters of this work deal with the utopian views of the Marquis de Condorcet. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work which argues that the title thing grows faster than the food supply, which will inevitably cause a catastrophe.
Answer: An Essay on the Principle of Population
[10] An Essay on the Principle of Population introduced the namesake growth model of this economist, who wrote the above-mentioned essay in addition to some observations on the effects of the Corn Laws.
Answer: Thomas Robert Malthus
[10] As well as discussing Condorcet, An Essay on the Principle of Population discussed the ideas of this political theorist who was married to Mary Wollstonecraft and wrote the Enquiry Concerning Political Justice.
Answer: William Godwin
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Answer the following about American sculpture, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man painted Shotgun Hospitality and many scenes involving Indians set in the West. He is best known for a sculpture of a man atop a rearing horse, Bronco Buster.
Answer: Frederic Sackrider Remington
[10] This structure contains The Three Soldiers and a pair of black granite walls with the names of all servicemen who died in the namesake conflict. It was designed by Maya Lin.
Answer: Vietnam War Memorial
[10] This neoclassicist sculpted the full-length The Last of the Tribe, but is better known for riling up the abolitionist movement with his sculpture of the chained Greek Slave.
Answer: Hiram Powers
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He wrote about John Sartoris' Civil War adventures in The Unvanquished. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of The Sound and the Fury and Absalom, Absalom.
Answer: William Faulkner
[10] This Faulkner short story sees the title Sartoris relative buy arsenic from a druggist before killing Homer Barron and placing his corpse on her bed.
Answer: "A Rose For Emily"
[10] Isaac McCaslin hunts Old Ben in "The Bear," a short story featured in this 1942 Faulkner collection which also includes "Delta Autumn" and "The Old People."
Answer: Go Down, Moses
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Light can do some pretty interesting things when passing through a material. For 10 points each:,
[10] This quantity is given by the ratio of the speed of light to the velocity of light in a medium. It is one for a vacuum.
Answer: index of refraction [accept word forms like refractive index; prompt on n; prompt on partial answer]
[10] This phenomenon, usually associated with calcite, occurs when a material has two different indices of refraction, causing incident light to move in two different directions.
Answer: birefringence
[10] This effect describes alterations of the index of refraction associated with an applied electric field on a material. Unlike the related Pockels effect, the change is proportional to the square of the electric field.
Answer: Kerr effect [or QEO effect; quadratic electro-optic effect]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Comrade Artemio is believed to be the leader of this organization, which was founded by Abimael Guzman. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Maoist terrorist organization which has operated out of the hills around Ayacucho since 1980.
Answer: Shining Path [or Sendero Luminoso]
[10] The Shining Path are still somewhat active in this South American nation whose cities include Arequipa, Cajamarca and Cusco.
Answer: Republic of Peru
[10] In April 2009, this former Peruvian president of Japanese descent was sentenced to twenty-five years in prison for his ruthless actions in stamping out the Shining Path in the early 1990s.
Answer: Alberto Kenya Fujimori

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