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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by OSU + Carleton A
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The Duane-Hunt law can be used to calculate the maximum frequencies observed from an inverse form of this effect. It was first seen in an experiment performed in a dark box, where the area between two brass conductors formed a spark gap, but the same could not be said for glass or quartz when UV light was shone on them. This effect is only observed in materials whose work function is less than the energy of incident particles, and the difference in those quantities gives the kinetic energy of particles emitted. Sometimes named for its discoverer Heinrich Hertz, for 10 points, name this effect in which photons striking a metal result in an emission of electrons.
Answer: photoelectric effect [or Hertz effect before mentioned]
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The Master of the Perfect World teaches the lute and zither to Han Fook in this man's short story "The Poet." One of this author's characters is sentenced to eternal life after stabbing Hermine in a house of mirrors known as the Magic Theater. One of his protagonists studies at Escholz and Waldzel before becoming a master in the Order of Castalia and earning the title Magister Ludi. Another of this author's creations leaves home with Govinda, learns the ways of love from Kamala, and meets the ferryman Vasudeva in a quest for enlightenment. For 10 points, name this German-Swiss creator of Harry Haller, Joseph Knecht and a title Buddha figure, the author of Steppenwolf, The Glass Bead Game, and Siddhartha.
Answer: Herman Hesse
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One ballet by this composer includes the songs "I ride an old paint," "McLeod's Reel," and William H. Stepp's version of "Bonaparte's Retreat." Another ballet by this composer uses a C# bass line in its "Celebration Dance," which follows a "Card Game at Night" and a "Gun Battle." This composer wrote a ballet whose suite does not include the "Ranch House Party," but does include the "Saturday Night Waltz" and "Hoe-Down" movements. This composer used five variations on a Shaker theme for the melody "Simple Gifts" in a ballet set in Pennsylvania. For 10 points, name this composer of Rodeo, Billy the Kid, and Appalachian Spring.
Answer: Aaron Copland
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This person summoned Johann von Felbiger in an effort to improve primary education, and also founded an academy for oriental languages. The breaking up of freemason lodges shows this ruler's intolerance, as did the forced emigration of Protestants to Transylvania, and many of this ruler's reforms were instituted by Count Haugwitz. Wenzel Kaunitz failed to persuade this monarch to not reclaim Silesia from Frederick II. Earlier, Charles VI had ensured this ruler's succession by allowing female inheritance through the Pragmatic Sanction of 17 For 10 points, identify this archduchess whose 1740 ascension led to the War of Austrian Succession.
Answer: Maria Theresa of Austria
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In one song, this band notes that "life has its problems, and I get my share" before claiming "I'm just a soul whose intentions are good." Another of their songs is set "in this dirty old part of the city, when the sun refuse to shine" and advocates the title action "if it's the last thing we ever do." In addition to "Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood" and "We Gotta Get Out of this Place," this group advised mothers to "tell your children not to do what I have done" in a song about an institution that's "been the ruin of many a poor boy." For 10 points, name this Eric Burdon fronted British invasion group that sang "there is a house in New Orleans" in "The House of the Rising Sun."
Answer: The Animals
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This philosopher discussed the philosophy of Henri Bergson in The Winds of Doctrine, and held that to judge something as beautiful was to differentiate between fundamental ideals and transitory ones in The Sense of Beauty. His discussed essence, matter, truth and spirit in The Realms of Being, and he wrote a five-volume work on the "phases of human progress" which notes that "those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." For 10 points, name this Spanish-American naturalist philosopher who wrote The Life of Reason and Skepticism and Animal Faith.
Answer: George Santayana [or Jorge Agustin Nicolas Ruiz de Santayana y Borras]
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He wrote a political romance about a barmaid who refuses to kill the czar, but it only lasted a week on the stage. Before the failure of Vera, he wrote about Mrs. Cheveley's attempt to blackmail Sir Robert Chiltern in his play An Ideal Husband. He wrote that "each man kills the thing he loves" in a poem about of a prisoner who "did not wear his scarlet coat," "The Ballad of Reading Gaol." He is better known for a novel centering on a painting by Basil Hallward and a play which includes the young Cecily Cardew and the friends Jack and Algernon. For 10 points, name the author of The Picture of Dorian Gray and The Importance of Being Earnest.
Answer: Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde
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Clayton Alderfer reorganized this concept into one with three levels, with each level lying across an introversion-extraversion axis. One element of this concept was first developed by Kurt Goldstein, and can be measured by the Personal Orientation Inventory. Over the course of its development, its constituents were split into D- and B-levels, and three more levels were added to the original five, including ones labeled "cognitive" and "aesthetic." For 10 points, self-actualization occupies the top tier of what construct proposed by the American psychologist who wrote Toward a Psychology of Being, Abraham Maslow?
Answer: Maslow's hierarchy of human needs [accept equivalents]
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This individual ordered the sinking of the Altalena on the suspicion that it carried men wishing to launch a coup against him. Years earlier, this man founded a workers' faction known as the Histadrut, which would later merge with similar groups into the Mapai, later his country's labor party. This man increased his nation's population via Operation Magic Carpet, which flew in almost fifty thousand Yemenis "On Wings of Angels". This politician left the Mapai upon resigning due to the Lavon Affair, and he and his supporters formed the Rafi party and made and made an unsuccessful attempt to challenge the coalition of this man's successor, Levi Eshkol. For 10 points, identify this statesman, who, in 1948, became the first prime minister of Israel.
Answer: David Ben-Gurion [accept David Gruen]
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Species responsible for mild forms of this ailment include vivax and knowlesi, the latter of which primarily affects macacas, while most serious forms of it are caused by the species falciparum. Extracts from Artemisia annua are used to combat this disease, whose pathogenesis involves merozoite spores infecting red blood cells. Its key vector is a member of genus Anopheles, and heterozygous alleles for sickle cell anemia confer a degree of resistance to this disease. Traditionally, the strongest treatment for it is a medicine derived from cinchona bark, quinine. For 10 points, identify this disease carried by mosquitoes and caused by Plasmodia that comes from Italian for "bad air".
Answer: malaria
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One incident related in this book is the death of Nadav and Avihu for filling their censures with "strange fire." This book specifically prohibits sacrificing children to Moloch and distinguishes between "trespass-offerings," "sin-offerings," and "burnt-offerings." Chapters 13 and 14 of this book discuss the affliction of tzaraath, and chapter 23 of this book specifies the allowed days for work on feasts and other holidays. Sections of this book discuss Yom Kippur and sexual misconduct, which includes a prohibition of bestiality and homosexual relations. Divided into a Priestly Code and Holiness Code, for 10 points, name this third book of the Torah.
Answer: Book of Leviticus [or Vayikra]
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This politician rose to prominence by leading a group known as the Insurgents against the corruption of Senator Philetus Sawyer. This politician sponsored the Seamen's Act of 1915, which increased the safety of passengers, and he vehemently opposed the Aldrich-Vreeland Act, passed after the Panic of 19 This man was one of the leaders of the opposition to the Espionage Act, as well as to American involvement in World War One. Burton Wheeler served as the running mate of this man, who placed third in an election behind John Davis and Calvin Coolidge. For 10 points, name this Wisconsin politician and nominee of the Progressive Party in the 1924 presidential election.
Answer: Robert Marion La Follette
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He compared Alexander Pope's Illiad to George Chapman's Odyssey in his lecture series On Translating Homer. This author wrote that one of the title concepts was the "best that has been thought and said in the world" in his nonfiction Culture and Anarchy, and he exclaimed "Go, for they call you, Shepherd!" in "The Scholar Gypsy." After the death of his friend Arthur Clough, this man penned a monody titled Thyrsis. Another of his works opens "The sea is calm to-night" and notes that "Sophocles long ago, Heard it on the Agaean." For 10 points, name this critic and poet who wrote about a "darkling plain" where "ignorant armies clash by night" in "Dover Beach."
Answer: Mathew Arnold
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This composer's only oratorio includes grieving Bethulian women and depicts Judith beheading Holofernes. This composer used solo violins in his collection La stravaganza and 1, 2, and 4 violins for various movements in his 12 concerto collection L'estro Armonico. This composer wrote "Pleasure" and "The Hunt" for another collection, The Contest Between Harmony and Invention, whose first four movements are accompanied by sonnets describing a barking dog, an icy wind, and a sleeping goatherd in a meadow. For 10 points, name this composer who wrote The Four Seasons.
Answer: Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
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N-acetylglutamate regulates this compound's production by activating carbamoyl phosphate synthase, which initializes its synthesis. Along with its analog, guanidinium, it is a strong protein denaturant, and other key steps in its synthesis include the conversion of ornithine to citrulline, which is then converted into arginine and this compound in its namesake cycle. Consisting of two amine groups linked by a carbonyl, this non-toxic compound derives from toxic ammonia in the liver and makes up most of the dry weight of urine. For 10 points, name this compound which clears most nitrogenous waste from the body and was first synthesized by Friedrich Wohler.
Answer: urea
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This author created the furniture dealer Gregory Solomon who brokers a deal between cop Victor Franz and and his brother in one work. Another of his plays takes place in the protagonist's head represented as a concentration camp as he relives memories of ex-wives Louise and Maggie. In addition to The Price and After the Fall, this playwright wrote about the discovery that Joe Keller sold defective airplane parts during WWII in All My Sons. In one of this author's plays, Abigail Williams tries to seduce John Proctor, and in another, the husband of Linda kills himself to give insurance money to Happy and Biff. For 10 points, name this playwright of Death of a Salesman and The Crucible.
Answer: Arthur Miller
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He worked on the restoration of Titian's Emperor Vitellius and Emperor Galba, while several of his own works were adapted into sculptures by Bernini. His Iconography series consists of portraits of several of his contemporaries. His self-portraits include one with a broken column and one with a sunflower, and he also painted several portraits of Queen Henrietta Maria. Another work depicts his patron's upper body in three positions, while his most famous work depicts the same figure in hunting dress. For 10 points, name this student of Peter Paul Rubens, a Flemish portraitist who was court painter to Charles I of England.
Answer: Sir Anthony Van Dyck [or Antoon Van Dijck]
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The "optical" or "refractive" type of this quantity is measured in diopters and measures the ability of a device to focus light. A non-standard unit for this quantity is the ton of refrigeration, and in systems with flow, it is equal to the product of flow rate and pressure. Radiative intensity or energy flux is defined as luminosity or this quantity per unit area. In rotational systems, it can be calculated as the dot product of torque and angular velocity, while in kinematics it is simply given by force times velocity. For 10 points, name this physical quantity equal to the work done per unit time, often measured in Watts.
Answer: power [do not accept "energy flux" or the like]
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At birth, this figure was surrounded by a cluster of women, who cried as if he were still-born. This figure fathered Nebrophonus and Euneus after impregnating Hypsipyle, the queen of the foul-smelling ladies of Lesbos. After helping Hera cross the Anauros, this figure lost a sandal, fulfilling a prophecy that resulted in him killing harpies that bothered Phineus, crossing the Sympeglades, and arriving in Colchis. King Aeetus asked this figure to sow the teeth of the Sleepless Dragon, who he was able to pass thanks to Medea's help. For 10 points, name this leader of the Argonauts, a Greek hero who recovered the Golden Fleece.
Answer: Jason [or Yason; or Easun; do not accept Aeson]
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A delegation led by the Heavenly Twins and Billy Hughes claimed that a specific clause introduced by Japan into this treaty which prohibited discrimination on the basis of race or ethnicity would destroy White Australia, so it was removed. In this treaty, the Chinese had their own ambitions shot down when Shandong was given to Japan, starting protests in Tiananmen Square on May fourth. Part 13 of this treaty founded the International Labor Organization, which is today an agency of the United Nations. France did not succeed in separating the Rhineland from Germany in this treaty, but did regain one province. For 10 points, name this treaty signed in 1919 in a city famous for its Hall of Mirrors, ending World War I.
Answer: Treaty of Versailles
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This author wrote a poem about a dog's collar inscribed with the phrase "Pray tell me, sir, whose dog are you?" Another brief work by this author concludes "God said, "Let Newton be!" and all was light." This poet concluded in one work that "One truth is clear, whatever is, is right." This author wrote "To err is human, to forgive divine" in his poem "An Essay on Criticism." This author of "An Essay on Man" also wrote a poem in which the spirits Umbriel and Ariel unsuccessfully prevent Lord Petre from cutting off a piece of Belinda's hair. For 10 points, name this British poet who used heroic couplets in mock epics like The Dunciad and The Rape of the Lock
Answer: Alexander Pope
 
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by OSU + Carleton A
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The miniprep and maxiprep techniques are used to isolate these entities from bacteria. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this term for the circular DNA often used in cloning that can be transformed into bacteria to grow up a protein.
Answer: plasmid [prompt on "vector"]
[10] The host bacterium typically possesses an F-plasmid in this horizontal genetic transfer involving the exchange of a mobile plasmid between two bacterial cells.
Answer: bacterial conjugation
[10] Conjugation involves the formation of this phallic structure from the host cell as coded for by the F-plasmid. This structure brings the two bacteria together so the DNA transfer can take place.
Answer: sex pilus
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The rightmost part of the tympanum of this work contains the sculpture Meditation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this group whose sculptures depict The Old Courtesan, The Three Shades, Adam and Eve, and Ugolino, who devoured the corpses of his starved children. It was sculpted by Rodin.
Answer: The Gates of Hell [or La Porte de l'Enfer]
[10] The Gates of Hell contains this sculpture that depicts Paolo and Francesca da Rimini embracing and performing the title action, but does not depict any lips touching.
Answer: The Kiss
[10] Rodin also sculpted a bronze sculpture as a monument to this author, who is shown as a cloaked and aged man in the midst of a creative moment.
Answer: Honore de Balzac
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In this play, a plant flourishes under Mama's supervision despite not getting enough light or water. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Beneatha is courted by Joseph Asagai and George Murchison. In this play, the Younger family is offered money to stay out of Clybourne Park.
Answer: A Raisin in the Sun
[10] A Raisin in the Sun was written by this playwright, whose Les Blancs was performed after her death at age thirty-four.
Answer: Lorraine Hansberry
[10] Ruth's put-upon husband, this character's plans to start a liquor store are dashed when his friend Willy Harris skips town with the money he received from a life insurance policy.
Answer: Walter Younger [prompt on "Younger"]
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For 10 points each, answer the following regarding an Asian polity.,
[10] After attaining power in 1966, this man instituted an economic policy known as the New Order, and would later annex East Timor from Portugal in 1976.
Answer: Suharto
[10] Shortly after ascending to the Presidency, Suharto led this nation to join the ASEAN in 1967, and today it has the largest Muslim population in the world.
Answer: Republic of Indonesia
[10] Indonesia had secured its independence from the Netherlands in 1945 under the leadership of this man who defined the Pantjasila or Five Principles and was the predecessor of Suharto.
Answer: Sukarno [or Kusno Sosrodihardjo]
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The first chapter of this work introduces the "harm principle." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1859 work of philosophy whose first chapter also states that "over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign."
Answer: On Liberty
[10] This man wrote On Liberty as well as an early feminist essay, The Subjection of Women, and several works influenced by Jeremy Bentham.
Answer: John Stuart Mill
[10] This Mill work begins by focusing on the usefulness of syllogisms, and it describes five different methods of induction which are now known as "Mill's methods."
Answer: A System of Logic, Ratiocinative and Inductive
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Heusler alloys exhibit this phenomenon due to a double-exchange mechanism between adjacent metal ions, one of which is often manganese. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this existence of a permanent magnet following magnetization in materials like cobalt, nickel, and its namesake, iron.
Answer: ferromagnetism
[10] Magnetic moments of ferromagnets become disordered above this temperature, beyond which paramagnetism is observed.
Answer: Curie temperature
[10] Often observed in ferromagnets, this phenomenon is the lag in the response of materials to a cycled external magnetic field.
Answer: hysteresis
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This work was inspired by a scene at a roulette table and depicts the Zionist aspirations of the title Anglo-Jewish character. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name final novel of George Eliot featuring the married couple of Gwendolen Harleth and Henleigh Grandcourt. Its title character learns about his Jewish heritage after meeting his mother, an opera diva known as the Contessa.
Answer: Daniel Deronda
[10] The title character's father Thias drowns in this Eliot novel that includes a rector named Aldophous Irwine. Sexy preacher Dinah Morris marries the title carpenter after he gets over Hetty Sorrel.
Answer: Adam Bede
[10] Rosamond Vincy racks up debt like a college student in this George Eliot novel in which Dorothea Brooke marries Edward Casaubon.
Answer: Middlemarch
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Name these games from game theory, for 10 points each.,
[10] In this game, although the Pareto-optimal scenario occurs when both players cooperate, each player's expected payoff for defection is always higher than for cooperation, leading to a Nash equilibrium if both players defect.
Answer: prisoner's dilemma
[10] This game, although superficially similar to the prisoner's dilemma, has a higher negative payoff to both players defecting, such that neither player has a dominant strategy. It can be used to model mutually-assured destruction, and one version of it is famously shown in Rebel Without a Cause.
Answer: chicken
[10] This game, described by Rousseau as a story about two men participating in the eponymous sporting event, has two Nash equilibria, which occur either when both players cooperate or when both defect.
Answer: stag hunt
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This sect originated in the central Arabian Peninsula, and its followers prefer to be called "Unitarians." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this conservative sect of Sunni Islam which emphasizes tawhid, God's uniqueness, and has gained notoriety for its followers' violence against other Muslim sects.
Answer: Wahhabism
[10] The first aspect of Tawhid is often termed Rabb, which is one of the ninety-nine names of this supreme deity of Islam, whose only prophet is Muhammad.
Answer: Allah
[10] al-Wahhab, the namesake of Wahhabism, expounded the tenets of the sect while in Mecca for this observance, which includes a trip to the Well of Zamzam and the Ka'aba.
Answer: hajj
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Identify the following about a chemical law for 10 points each.,
[10] This law states that the partial pressure of a particular component of a solution is equal to the pure pressure of that component times its mole fraction.
Answer: Raoult's law
[10] Raoult's law works best for solutions whose enthalpy of mixing is zero, as described by this adjective. This adjective also refers to gases satisfying the relation PV=nRT.
Answer: ideal
[10] More generally, an ideal mix is described in terms of this form of adjusted pressure, which reflects the tendency to prefer one phase over another. It is often described as a "tendency to flee".
Answer: fugacity
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For 10 points each, identify the following concerning the administration of Ulysses S. Grant.,
[10] Oakes Aames's involvement sparked the investigation into this scandal, which involved members of Congress and the Grant administration, such as Schuyler Colfax, making substantial illegal profits from the construction of the Union Pacific Railroad.
Answer: Credit Mobilier scandal
[10] More questionable behavior allegedly stemmed from this, in which tax dollars previously unpaid by the namesake Midwestern syndicate were to have been spent on Grant's 1872 re-election campaign, a scandal ultimately uncovered by Secretary of the Treasury Benjamin Bristow.
Answer: Whiskey Ring
[10] Another hit to Grant's record was the Panic of 1873, which in turn spawned this political party alternatively known as the National or Independent Party, which would later vouch for the eight hour work day and women's suffrage.
Answer: Greenback Party
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Answer the following about J.S. Bach's compositions, for 10 points each.,
[10] Heitor Villa-Lobos blended music from Brazil with pieces from this Bach collection for solo keyboard, which includes two books each of 24 preludes and fugues, in every key.
Answer: The Well-Tempered Clavier [or Das Wohltemperierte Klavier]
[10] Bach supposedly walked several hundred miles to hear music by this Danish composer, whose nineteen organ preludes and Abendmusik strongly influenced Bach's works.
Answer: Dieterich Buxtehude
[10] Violins are omitted from the last of these six Bach concertos that were written for a German margrave, the second of which originally included a solo valve trumpet.
Answer: Brandenburg concerti [or Six Concerts a plusieurs instruments]
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One author from this country wrote about a painter accidentally demanding the death of his daughter in a fiery carriage blaze in order to complete the title painting in "Hellscreen." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this nation, home to Pillow Book author Sei Shonagan and "Rashoman" author Ryonosuke Akutagawa.
Answer: Japan
[10] In addition to The Sea of Fertility tetralogy and the satire After the Banquet, this Japanese author wrote about Noburu, a teenager who skins and kills a kitten in The Sailor Who Fell from Grace With the Sea.
Answer: Yukio Mishima
[10] In this author's novel Wonderful Fool, a bumbling French missionary sacrifices himself to save another. He also wrote about anti-Christian discrimination in Japan in his novel Silence.
Answer: Endo Shosaku
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This god is the father of Nabu and the son of Damkina and Ea. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this central figure in the Enuma Elish, who commands seven winds against the primordial dragon Tiamat, and who seizes the Tablets of Destiny from Kingu.
Answer: Marduk [or Merodach; or Mardochaios]
[10] Marduk was the patron deity of this city-state, which became the namesake of an empire led by Hammurabi. It contained the Esagila, a temple to Marduk and his consort Sarpanit.
Answer: Babylon
[10] Marduk was handed a net by this Mesopotamian sky-god, whose consorts include Ki, Uras, Nammu, and possibly Ishtar, although he is better known for forming a triad with Enlil and Ea.
Answer: Anu
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Founded shortly after the terminus of the Pax Romana, the Severan Dynasty could be said to represent the beginning of the end for the Roman Empire. For 10 points each:,
[10] This emperor, the namesake of the Severan Dynasty, disbanded the Praetorian Guard, and campaigned in Britannia where he rebuilt Hadrian's Wall before dying of illness. He was succeeded by his sons Caracalla and Geta.
Answer: Lucius Septimius Severus
[10] This phrase is sometimes used to denote 193 CE, because the tumultuous period brief reigns of the Emperors Pertinax and Didius Julianus, as well as the claimant Pescennius Niger, whom Septimus quashed at the Battle of Issus.
Answer: Year of the Five Emperors
[10] One catalyst for the Year of the Five Emperors was the assassination of this ruler at the hands of the wrestler Narcissus. He was the successor and son of Marcus Aurelius.
Answer: Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus
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Identify some hormones found in humans for 10 points each.,
[10] This hormone causes liver cells to take up glucose from the blood to be stored as glycogen. Individuals with Type 1 diabetes mellitus must typically take injections of it.
Answer: insulin
[10] Opposing the action of insulin is this hormone, also produced in the pancreas, which is responsible for raising blood-glucose levels.
Answer: glucagon
[10] This hormone, produced by the delta cells of the islets of Langerhans, inhibits the release of gastrointestinal and pancreatic hormones in the body. Its effects on the pituitary gland include suppression of growth hormone secretion.
Answer: somatostatin [or somatotropin release-inhibiting factor /SRIF; prompt on "growth hormone-inhibiting hormone/GHIH"]
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Name these Spanish autonomous communities, for 10 points each.,
[10] This region borders France and Andorra and includes Barcelona. Besides Castilian and a namesake tongue, the third official language of this place is Aranese. Orwell wrote an homage to this place.
Answer: Catalonia or Cataluna
[10] This archipelago was a Classical source of expert slingers, and its main islands are Mallorca and Menorca. By far the largest settlement of this group is the port city of Palma.
Answer: Balearic Islands
[10] The crown prince of Spain is given a title named for this Northwestern region which is renowned for its fabada bean soup. Its cities include Gijon, Aviles and the capital, Oviedo.
Answer: Asturias
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Answer these questions about Latin American literature, for 10 points each:,
[10] Authors from this country wrote the novels Gabriela, Clove and Cinnamon and The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas and usually write in Portuguese. Name this home of Jorge Amado and Joaquim Machado de Assis.
Answer: Brazil
[10] A popular genre of South American literature concerns the adventures of these cowboy figures like Jose Hernandez's Martin Fierro.
Answer: Gauchos
[10] This innovative Nicaraguan poet of Profane Hymns wrote "you are cultured, you are skillful; you oppose Tolstoy" in his anti-imperialist "To Roosevelt." His collection Azul spawned the Modernismo movement.
Answer: Ruben Dario
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This artist is said to have painted on one occasion with a chicken's feet dipped in red paint and on another occasion with a broom and a bucket full of ink. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this artist who created Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji.
Answer: Katsushika Hokusai [or Shunro; or Tawaraya Sori; or Taito; or Iichi; or Manji]
[10] Hokusai was a practitioner of this style of Japanese painting, the name of which translates as "pictures of the floating world."
Answer: ukiyo-e
[10] Hokusai's most famous work, which appears in Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji, depicts a great wave off the coast of this Japanese prefecture.
Answer: Kanagawa
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For 10 points each, answer some questions about the Crimean War.,
[10] Britain and France sent naval forces to aid the Ottomans after this 1854 encounter, which saw the Russian fleet under the command of Admiral Pavel Nakhimov destroy an anchored Turkish squadron in the harbor of the namesake port.
Answer: Battle of Sinop
[10] Most of the War's action concerned the Allies' besiegement of this heavily fortified, Russian held city on the Black Sea, which finally fell after nearly a year when French forces secured Malakhov, a strategic hill to its southeast.
Answer: Sevastopol
[10] After losing Sevastopol, the Russians soon agreed to the terms of this treaty, which ceded southern Bessarabia away from Russia and specified the neutrality of the Black Sea and the opening up of the Danube to international shipping.
Answer: Treaty of Paris
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Identify the following about the Portuguese monarchy, for 10 points each.,
[10] Manuel II was the final ruler of this dynasty, which had by that time merged with the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and earlier extended its rule by establishing an autonomous empire in Brazil.
Answer: House of Braganza
[10] This second and last Braganza Emperor of Brazil ruled for forty-eight years, and while he was away in Europe, his daughter Isabel ended slavery with the signing of the Golden Law in 1888.
Answer: Dom Pedro II [prompt on Pedro]
[10] The House of Braganza solidified its hold in Portugal under John IV after winning the Acclamation War against the Philippine Dynasty, the name given for the sixty years of Portuguese rule under this Iberian-dominant royal house.
Answer: House of Habsburg
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These may make up either one or two biological domains. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of cell prevalent among bacteria, which lacks membrane-bound organelles such as nuclei but still possesses ribosomes.
Answer: prokaryotic cells [accept word forms]
[10] These structures facilitate locomotion in some prokaryotic cells. In eukaryotes, they consist of a 9+2 arrangement of microtubules with dynein responsible for their whip-like motion, as in sperm.
Answer: flagella [or flagellum]
[10] This American biologist, who put forth his domain system in the 1990s, suggested that prokaryotes be divided into Archaebacteria and Eubacteria domains.
Answer: Carl Woese
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This author of Reveries of a Solitary Walker sent his five sons and daughters away to an orphanage. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this French author of the unabashed autobiography Confessions. He proclaimed, "Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains" in The Social Contract.
Answer: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
[10] This French Count and resident of the Bastille wrote an account of sexual perversions called Justine and the equally decadent 120 Days of Sodom.
Answer: Marquis de Sade
[10] Rousseau considered his best book to be this child rearing guide subtitled "On Education." It advocates teaching children according to their natural proclivities.
Answer: Emile: or, On Education
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He wrote a Dictionnaire Philosophique encompassing his views on religion and morality. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this eighteenth-century political philosopher and advocate of enlightened despotism, who also wrote a novel about the lover of Cunegonde, Candide.
Answer: Voltaire [or Francois-Mariet Arouet]
[10] In Candide, the character of Dr. Pangloss, who insists that "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds," is a caricature of this famously optimistic philosopher.
Answer: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
[10] This disastrous event figures prominently in Candide, and is also the subject of a poem by Voltaire. Immanuel Kant also wrote a noted tract on this event.
Answer: Lisbon earthquake of 1755

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