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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by Missouri ST + Dartmouth B
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character in this opera performs the "Csardas" to verify her disguise as a Hungarian countess before stealing her husband's watch to prove his infidelity, and earlier she convinces Alfred to pretend to be her husband and serve his eight-day sentence in jail. In the "laughing" song, "Mein Herr Marquis, ein Mann wie Sie," a maid convinces her master that she is actually an actress. While pretending to be Chevalier Chagrin, the jailer, Frank convinces Adele to come home with him where they find Rosalinde arguing with her husband. Falke leads the guests of Prince Orlofsky's ball to witness Baron Eisenstein's reconciliation, in, for 10 points, this operetta by Johann Strauss.
Answer: Die Fledermaus [or The Bat]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Late in his life this figure traveled to Sardinia with either Aristaeus or Iolaus after a stay in Sicily, where he helped King Cocalus and his daughters murder a visiting king. The father of the healer Iapyx, this figure fled Athens after the Areopagus condemned him to death for the murder of his nephew Perdix. He once used honey and an ant to thread a seashell, and he gave Pasiphae the wooden cow she used to mate with a bull, after which he built a structure to house their child. While imprisoned at the top of a tower, this man escaped with his son after building a pair of wings. For 10 points, identify this Greek inventor, the builder of the Minotaur's Labyrinth and the father of Icarus.
Answer: Daedalus [accept Daidalos; or Taitle]
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In this work, the Island of Ennasins is inhabited by a race with noses shaped like the Ace of Clubs, and earlier a dispute in which the bakers of Lerne refuse to sell cakes to shepherds prompts an invasion by King Picrochole. One character is confused by the contradictory advice he receives from Raminagrobis, Herr Tripa, and Friar John and leads a quest to consult the Oracle of the Holy Bottle. That character Panurge first meets one of the title characters after his father sends him to study in Paris because he requires four thousand six hundred cows to feed him and must be restrained by four massive chains. For 10 points, name this work about a pair of giants by Francois Rabelais.
Answer: The Life of Gargantua and Pantagruel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The voice of Frank Johnson can be heard in one recording of this event that was reported on live by Tom Pettit, and the central figure is flanked by L.C. Graves and James Leavelle in Jack Beers' photo of it. The narration of George Phenix's film of it helped propel the career of Dan Rather, and Bob Jackson's photo of it won the Pullitzer. The victim had met with Thomas Kelley and been interrogated by Will Fritz, and was being transported when he encountered a nightclub owner in the basement of a Dallas jail. For 10 points, name this event that occurred November 24, 1963 and was perpetrated by Jack Ruby, resulting in the death of JFK's assassin.
Answer: the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald [accept equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Experiments by Francisco-Miguel Marques et al. suggested the possibility of a stable cluster of four of them. Brockhouse developed a method of spectroscopy using these particles, and work leading to their discovery showed that beryllium rays could remove particles from paraffin wax and was performed by the Joliot-Curies. An antineutrino is released when these undergo a certain type of decay, and free ones have a lifetime of approximately fifteen minutes. They undergo beta-minus decay, and are created by electron capture. Discovered in 1932 by James Chadwick, for 10 points, name this electrically neutral subatomic particle, found in the nucleus with protons.
Answer: neutrons
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He resigned from his first term after a scandal involving the defense minister Lavon, and his policies resulted in the Haganah becoming an important pseudo-military organization. Late in his career, he founded the Rafi Party and the massive immigration of people from Yemen, which was known as "Operation Magic Carpet." He was the first head of the Mapai party, and was also the first and third person to hold his most notable office, being succeeded first by Moshe Sharett and later by Levi Eshkol. For 10 points, name this first Prime Minister of Israel.
Answer: David Ben-Gurion
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He claims it is impossible for an omnipotent, loving God to be in control of the world, but possible for a weaker God to exist in his Three Essays on Religion. One of his works lays out five principles of inductive reasoning, while another argues that freedom is good for women if it is good for men. In addition to System of Logic, he wrote a work that uses dolors and hedons to calculate the "Greatest Happiness Principle" and claims that "actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness." The author of The Subjection of Women, for 10 points, name this man, who outlined a philosophy practiced by Jeremy Bentham in his book Utilitarianism.
Answer: John Stuart Mill
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With the exception of the smallest of their kind, all known examples of these can be expressed as the sum of cubes of consecutive odd numbers. Euler proved that there is a one-to-one correspondence between Mersenne primes and even types of this number, and they form a subset of the triangular numbers. Numbers which do not fit this category are classified as deficient or abundant, and these numbers all yield 2n when they form the argument of the divisor function. It is unknown whether any odd ones exist. 6, 28, and 496 are the first three examples of, for 10 points, what type of number that equals the sum of its proper divisors?
Answer: perfect number
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Chapter 41 of this novel features a game where players re-arrange alphabet blocks to form words, and one character spells out the words "Blunder" and "Dixon" referring to another character's shady past. That character receives an anonymous gift of a piano, which leads to gossip in Highbury. A woman is saved from a band of vicious gypsies after the ball at the Crown Inn by Frank Churchill, who later marries Jane Fairfax. The title character tries to convince a nearby boarder to pursue Mr. Elton, but Robert Martin ends up marrying that character, Harriet Smith. For 10 points, name this novel in which Mr. Knightley marries the titular Miss Woodhouse, by Jane Austen.
Answer: Emma
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This person adapted the passacaglia from Bach's Nach dir, Herr, verlanget mich for a theme that appears in the notable chaconne of the last movement of his Fourth Symphony in E minor, while he created twenty-one pieces for piano-four-hands based on folk songs in his Hungarian Dances, and featured two sharp chords to begin his Tragic Overture. His first symphony is often referred to as "Beethoven's Tenth," while another of his works quotes the hymn "Gaudeamus Igitur" and was written to commemorate an honorary degree from the University of Breslau. For 10 points, name this composer of Academic Festival Overture and a namesake lullaby.
Answer: Johannes Brahms
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When Jesus planned to return to Judea to visit Lazarus, this man persuaded the other apostles to go on the trip. This patron saint of architects has a feast day on July 3 which celebrates the transference of his body to Edessa in Mesopotamia. He was assured that Christ is the Way, the Truth, and the Life during the Last Supper, and late in his life he became the first Catholicos of the East while preaching in India. However, he earned his most famous nickname when he wanted to touch Christ's wounds for confirmation of his resurrection, after which he exclaimed, "My Lord and My God." For 10 points, name this apostle, best known for doubting the resurrection of Jesus.
Answer: Thomas the Apostle [accept Doubting Thomas, Didymus Thomas, or Judas Thomas]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man headed the Independent Commission on International Development Issues, which released the North-South report often named for him. He flew to Iraq to arrange the release of western hostages in 1990, and he had to resign his most famous post when his aid Gunther Guillaume was revealed to be a spy. He recognized the Oder-Neisse Line in a nonaggression treaty with Poland. The longtime leader of the Social Democrats, this man served as mayor of West Berlin and was known for his policy of Ostpolitik. For 10 points, name this winner of the 1971 Nobel Peace Prize, the Chancellor of West Germany from 1969 to 1974.
Answer: Willy Brandt [or Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm]
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A man dressed in green leans forward while clenching his fists and the tower of a cathedral can be seen towards the left background. A companion piece to this painting depicts a man dressed in brown attempting to stab an Arab soldier on horseback, and is subtitled The Charge of the Mamelukes. The men at right all wear black hats, unlike the most prominent figure who kneels against a foreboding pile of blood. Set against the background of Principe Pio hill, a man in a white shirt raises his arms in surrender as a firing squad points at him. For 10 points, name this painting depicting "The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid" on the namesake day, painted by Francisco Goya.
Answer: The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Presa de la Boguilla is a lake that lies along the Conchos river which lies entirely in this state. Cities in it include Santa Rosalia de Carmago and Delicias and this state is home to the Cumbres de Majalca National Park and the Copper canyon. This state's capital includes attractions like the Gameros estate and the Church of San Francisco which houses the remains of Miguel Hidalgo. It is bounded by Durango to the South, Coahuila to the East, and Sonora to the East, and it contains Ciudad Juarez. For 10 points, name this largest Mexican state which shares its name with a breed of small dogs.
Answer: Chihuahua
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This compound reacts with sodium chloride to create an industrial reagent in the Mannheim process, and it is used to produce a nitronium ion by protonating nitric acid, which catalyzes the addition of nitro groups to aromatic compounds. Usually used to work up intermediates in the Nef reaction, a common lab demonstration relies on its ability to dehydrate sucrose into pure carbon. This compound and its generating gas is called oleum when found in solution, and it is produced in a process whose central oxidation step is catalyzed by a Vanadium oxide catalyst in the contact process. For 10 points, identify this diprotic acid with formula H2SO4
Answer: sulfuric acid [or sulphuric acid; prompt on oil of vitriol]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A spider bite incurred on his honeymoon once prevented him from trying out for Chicago, and in his autobiography All Things Possible, he described walking through the red light district of Amsterdam on his way to church while playing in NFL Europe. He went undrafted and was released by the Packers in 1994, after which this Northern Iowa graduate led the Iowa Barnstormers to two second-place finishes. He earned his first NFL starting job after an injury to Trent Green and led the "Greatest Show on Turf." He now has such targets as Larry Fitzgerald and Anquan Boldin. For 10 points, name this QB who won the MVP with the Rams, currently for the Arizona Cardinals.
Answer: Kurtis Eugene "Kurt" Warner
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This thinker was unflatteringly labeled "the American Heidegger" in a Steve Fuller work. His essay "Objectivity, Value Judgment, and Theory Choice" is included in a work which divides its contents into "historiographic" and "metahistorical" sections, while his most famous work rejects Karl Popper's theory of falsifiability, presents the incommensurability thesis, and argues that the titular events are caused by paradigm shifts and include the move from a geocentric to a heliocentric model of the solar system. For 10 points, name this author of The Essential Tension and The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.
Answer: Thomas Kuhn
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One ruler of this nation as well as Hungary had his head cut off as the result of an ill-conceived cavalry charge against the Janissary forces of Murad II at the Battle of Varna, while another ruler of it defeated Ulrich von Jungingen with the help of Vytautus the Great, stomping the Teutonic Knights at Tannenberg. The Union of Lublin was signed at the instigation of another of its rulers, Sigismund II, as formal recognition of its union with Lithuania. Kara Mustafa's attempts to take Vienna were thwarted by another ruler of this nation, Jan III Sobieski. For 10 points, name this nation which was ruled by the Jagiellon dynasty and got partitioned a lot.
Answer: Poland [accept Poland-Lithuania]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He asserts "deep waves, what dreadful tales you could recite" in his poem "Oceano Nox," found in the collection Sunlight and Shadows. The "Comprachicos" deform Gwynplaine's face, giving him a permanent smirk in The Man Who Laughs, and he wrote about the bandit who serves Ruy Gomez in Hernani. Deruchette will marry anyone who saves the Durande from a dangerous reef in a novel about the fisherman Gilliatt. In addition to The Toilers of the Sea, one of his protagonists is imprisoned for stealing a loaf of bread, takes care of Cosette, and is tracked by Inspector Javert. For 10 points, name this man who created Jean Valjean in Les Miserables.
Answer: Victor Hugo
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Leber optic neuropathy was the first disease to be associated with this organelle, while Kearns Sayre syndrome is caused by defects in these which leads to Ophthalmoparesis and ptosis. The Tom and Tim proteins are involved with translocation of proteins across their membranes. Cytochrome C is also found within these structures, and is released into the cell to trigger apoptosis. These organelles have two membrane systems with the inner one possessing folds called cristae, and they possess their own genome which is used to analyze matrilineal ancestry. For 10 points, name this organelle, often referred to as the "power source" of the cell.
Answer: mitochondrion [or mitochondria]
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TB. In chapter fifteen of this novel, the waitress Mae sells a begging man and his two sons a loaf of bread and two pieces of candy for a discount price. One character sees her suitor Herb beaten to death by a shovel by her future husband Connie Rivers, and later she gives birth to a stillborn child in a flooded boxcar, while another character is a former preacher, who is killed for leading a labor strike. Both Jim Casy and Rose of Sharon join Grandma, who dies during the trek across the Mojave desert, and Ruthie, Al, and Tom in the flight from Oklahoma. 10 points, name this novel about the Joad family, written by John Steinbeck.
Answer: The Grapes of Wrath
 
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by Missouri ST + Dartmouth B
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
They are named for a chemist from Ohio State. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these visual representations which describe "staggered" or "eclipsed" forms of linear alkanes. One visualizes down a carbon-carbon bond when using these representations.
Answer: Newman projections
[10] The simplest alkane which can be visualized using a Newman projection is this compound with formula C2H6.
Answer: ethane
[10] The staggered projection for butane across the C2-C3 bond can have a "gauche" one of these, or an "anti" one of these. Cyclohexane comes in "boat" and "chair" varieties.
Answer: conformations [accept conformational isomerism; or confomers]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This artist captured some of the wise sayings of his day in Netherlandish Proverbs. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Flemish artist who depicted a whole bunch of people having fun in Children's Games, and whose Landscape With the Fall of Icarus inspired Auden's "Musee des Beaux arts."
Answer: Pieter Breughel the Elder
[10] The title figures of this Brueghel work can be found at the bottom right, along with a pack of dogs, as they overlook a village with several people skating on ice.
Answer: Hunters in the Snow
[10] Brueghel painted two versions of this work, whose title structure has a flawed design. It takes on a spiral shape as its arches are not perpendicular to the ground, and it indicates the imperfection of human ideas.
Answer: Tower of Babel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these things associated with Odin, for 10 points each.,
[10] Odin will use this spear, built by Dvalin and the sons of Ivaldi, to fight Fenrir at Ragnarok.
Answer: Gungnir
[10] Some stories claim that they were taught to Jarl by Rig, but it is more commonly held that Odin learned the secrets of these glyphs after hanging himself on Yggdrasil and piercing his own side with Gungnir.
Answer: the runes [accept the runic alphabet]
[10] Odin also had a pair of this type of bird, who spent each day flying over Midgard gathering news, and whose names Hugin and Munin meant "thought" and "memory."
Answer: ravens [don't accept "crows" because that's not what they are]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following examples of classic Chinese literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] Notable events in this Luo Guanzhong novel include the Peach Garden Oath between Liu Bei, Guan Yu, and Zhang Fei, as well as the defeat of Cao Cao of Wei at the Battle of the Red Cliffs.
Answer: Romance of the Three Kingdoms [accept San Guo Yan Yi]
[10] This Cao Xueqin [schway-cheen] novel centers on the two branches of the Jia family and the love triangle between the main character, Jia Baoyu, and his two cousins, Lin Daiyu and Xue [schway] Baochai.
Answer: Dream of the Red Chamber [accept Honglou Meng, The Red Chamber Dream, A Dream of Red Mansions, or The Story of the Stone]
[10] This erotic novel features a number of episodes and characters taken from The Water Margin, including the adulterous wife Pan Jinlian. The main character, Ximen Qing, [shee-mehn ching] has affairs with six different women.
Answer: Jin Ping Mei [accept The Plum in the Golden Vase or The Golden Lotus]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
On September 19, 2008, this man and Adam Goldstein survived a South Carolina plane crash. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Transplants and +44 (plus forty-four) drummer and former star of an MTV reality show in which the viewer was asked to "Meet" him and his now-ex-wife Shanna Moakler.
Answer: Travis Barker
[10] Barker replaced Scott Raynor as the drummer of this pop-punk band fronted by Mark Hoppus and Tom DeLonge, whose album Enema of the State featured the songs "Adam's Song" and "What's My Age Again?". ANSWER: blink-182
Answer: "All The Small Things"
[10] blink-182's first number one hit was this second single from Enema of the State. It opens with the title line, followed by "True cares, truth brings," and in the chorus, DeLonge asks the listener to "Say it ain't so/I will not go."
Answer:
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An act regarding this material was repealed following the Panic of 1893 to avoid further bankrupting the government. For 10 points each:,
[10] The 1890 Sherman Act was designed to boost the economy by setting a quota of this namesake metal to be bought by the government every month.
Answer: silver [accept Sherman Silver Purchase]
[10] The Sherman Silver Purchase Act extended the required purchase amount provided for by this doubly eponymous act passed in the wake of the Comstock Load discovery.
Answer: Bland-Allison Act
[10] Also contributing to the Panic of 1893 was this protectionist tariff named for an Ohio congressman. It set rates at 48.4%, the highest to that point.
Answer: McKinley Tariff
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Simeon and Peter leave home to pursue their careers in California. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Ephraim Cabot marries the young Abbie Putnam, who goes on to have a child in an adulterous relationship with Ephraim's son Eben.
Answer: Desire Under the Elms
[10] This playwright penned Desire Under the Elms, and also penned Strange Interlude and Ah! Wilderness.
Answer: Eugene Gladstone O'Neill
[10] This other O'Neill play centers on the denizens of Harry Hope's bar, as they learn that their "pipe dreams" will never come true. Characters include Larry Slade and "Hickey" Hickman.
Answer: The Iceman Cometh
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Its Passion Facade was designed by Josep Subirachs. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this still-unfinished Catholic temple in Spain, which has been under construction since 1882.
Answer: Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia [accept Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family or Sacred Family]
[10] In addition to la Sagrada Familia, this Catalan architect designed such awesome houses as the Casa Batllo [bat-yo], known locally as the "house of bones," and the Casa Mila.
Answer: Antonio Placid Guillem Gaudi y Cornet
[10] A mosaic dragon fountain is featured at the entrance to the Gaudi-designed "Park" on el Carmel Hill in Barcelona named for this Catalan industrialist, also the namesake of a "Palau" and a "Church of Colonia."
Answer: Count Eusebi Guell [or Eusebio de Guell; accept Park Guell]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It joins the Columbia river near St. Helens, Oregon. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this river which then flows by Portland and Salem, whose fertile valley was amenable to people emigrating on the Oregon Trail.
Answer: Willamette river
[10] The Willamette originates at this city, the home of the University of Oregon, which lists its Deadwood Bridge as a notable attraction.
Answer: Eugene, Oregon
[10] Also in Oregon is this city, which is the home to Oregon State and is in the middle of the Willamette Valley. It is important in David Brin's The Postman and shares its name with a character from the underrated PS2 title Motor Mayhem.
Answer: Corvallis, Oregon
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It became independent in October 1962, and its first president was Mutesa II. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this African nation whose first prime minister was Milton Obote.
Answer: Republic of Uganda
[10] Obote's government was overthrown by this man, who was deposed in 1979 with the help of Tanzanian troops. He is best remembered for expelling a bunch of Asians out of Uganda which was a bad idea.
Answer: Idi Amin Dada
[10] After Amin's deposition, Obote regained power but was overthrown by Tito Okello's military council, who was replaced by this man six months later. This leader of the National Resistance Army is still president of Uganda.
Answer: Yoweri Musaveni
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Controversial when it was first postulated, it states that the laws of physics are the same in all inertial reference frames. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this theory postulated in 1905 in the paper "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies."
Answer: special relativity
[10] This man wrote that paper, and he also postulated general relativity and explained the photoelectric effect.
Answer: Albert Einstein
[10] This consequence of special relativity states that two observers traveling at different speeds will see different amounts of time elapse, leading to the twin paradox.
Answer: time dilation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One character drowns in a fountain, and another is lured into prostitution by Madame Pace. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which "the Manager" desperately tries to get the Father, Mother, Son, Stepdaughter, Boy and Child to rehearse a play.
Answer: Six Characters in Search of an Author [accept Sei Personaggi in Cerca d'Autore]
[10] This Italian author of The Late Mattia Pascal wrote Six Characters in Search of an Author.
Answer: Luigi Pirandello
[10] After threatening Frida, Belcredi is stabbed by the title character, who thinks he is the titular Holy Roman Emperor after falling off a horse in this Pirandello work.
Answer: Henry IV [accept Enrico IV]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The "arch" named for this structure can be found between its ascending and descending portions. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this largest artery which receives blood from the left ventricle of the heart.
Answer: aorta
[10] These arteries run up the neck and supply blood to the head. The left common one branches from the aorta, and the right common one arises from the right subclavian.
Answer: carotid arteries
[10] This disorder sees weaknesses in the connective tissue, which results in weak walls of blood vessels such as the aorta. Some say Abe Lincoln may have suffered from it, citing his disproportionate body features.
Answer: Marfan's syndrome
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The MacDonald clan was wiped out in the Glencoe Massacre because they were too slow to swear fealty to this king. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this man who came to power with his wife Mary II in the Glorious Revolution.
Answer: William III of Orange [accept William II of Scotland]
[10] Following the Glorious Revolution, William decisively defeated his predecessor, James II, at this battle in Ireland, fought at a namesake river.
Answer: Battle of the Boyne
[10] The Jacobite attempt to reclaim the English crown was effectively ended at this 1746 battle, where Bonnie Prince Charlie's forces were crushed by George II's army under Cumberland.
Answer: Battle of Culloden Moor [accept Battle of Drummossie]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
For 10 points each: name these fictional locations from British literature.,
[10] Faithful and Christian are both imprisoned in this location from John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, which also names a William Makepeace Thackeray novel about Becky Sharp.
Answer: Vanity Fair
[10] The Woodlanders and Jude the Obscure are both set in this fictional county created by Thomas Hardy.
Answer: Wessex County
[10] John Bold leads a campaign to reform the funding of Hiram's Hospital led by Septimus Harding in The Warden, which is the first of a series of Anthony Trollope novels about this county.
Answer: Barsetshire
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This concept's creator distinguished it from the "personal" variety by claiming that it is not a personal acquisition. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this psychological concept of a section of the mind that contains primordial ideas and archetypes that is shared by all humans.
Answer: collective unconscious
[10] This Swiss psychologist coined the term "collective unconscious" as well as anima and animus, and he wrote about Psychological Types.
Answer: Carl Jung
[10] Another term coined by Jung is this one that he claimed explains "meaningful coincidences." He claimed that there is an "acausal connecting principle" where no casual connecting principle can be demonstrated between two related events.
Answer: synchronicity
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Graffias and Dschubba are found at the head of this constellation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this constellation whose "stinger" includes Shaulah and Lessath and is home to Antares.
Answer: Scorpio [or Scorpius]
[10] Along with Procyon and Betelgeuse this star forms a point of the Winter Triangle. This star in Canis Major is the brightest in the night sky.
Answer: Sirius [prompt on "the Dog star"]
[10] This alpha star of Bootes, is the third brightest star in the night sky after Sirius and Canopus. Its name means the "guardian of the bears."
Answer: Arcturus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The twelfth in C-Sharp Minor is name for Joseph Joachim. For 10 points,,
[10] Name this set of 19 piano works, which includes sections called "Rakoczy March" and "The Magyar."
Answer: the Hungarian Rhapsodies
[10] This man composed The Hungarian Rhapsodies.
Answer: Franz Lizst
[10] The Bagatelle without Tonality is sometimes grouped with this set of four works, which was based on an episode from a work of Nikolaus Lenau and not a work by Goethe.
Answer: the Mephisto Waltzes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Called by Paul III, it was convened by Giovanni del Monte, and its work was ratified by the papal bull Benedictum Deum. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this nineteenth Ecumenical Council that declared the Vulgate to be canon and set the number of sacraments at seven, called to counteract the Protestant Reformation.
Answer: the Council of Trent
[10] This other council, which preceded the Council of Trent, was convoked by Julius II. It required bishops to give permission for books to be printed and condemned the French Pragmatic Sanction.
Answer: the Fifth Council of the Lateran [accept Lateran V]
[10] The Council of Trent declared that anyone who denied this doctrine would be subject to anathema. It states that the "body, blood, soul, and divinity" of Jesus are contained within the Eucharist.
Answer: transusbstantiation
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His Seisachtheia ended the creation of hektemoroi, farmers sold into slavery to pay off their debts. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this early sixth-century B.C.E. reformer of Athens, who unsuccessfully tried to prevent the rise of the tyrant Peisistratus.
Answer: Solon
[10] One of Solon's major reforms was the loosening of the severity of this man's law code. He is the namesake of an English-language adjective that describes harsh laws.
Answer: Draco
[10] Solon is generally believed to have created this legislative assembly as a counter to the aristocratic Areopagus. Its namesake size was later increased by Cleisthenes.
Answer: Council of Four Hundred [prompt on Boule]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man succeeded Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej as leader of his nation's communist party, and his harsh regime caused the defection of Ion Mihai Pacepa. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this dictator who was executed along with his wife Elena during a 1989 revolution.
Answer: Nicolae Ceausescu
[10] Ceausescu was the dictator of this nation, whose Ploetsi oil fields were tantalizing targets for the Nazis during World War II.
Answer: Romania
[10] In the years leading up to World War II, Romania was controlled by this fascist political party until it was destroyed by former ally Ion Antonescu.
Answer: the Iron Guard

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