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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 ACF Fall Tossups by Matt Weiner and Brown
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 1Category: History
His self portaits include one "between clock and bed" and another as "the wanderer." A girl stands in front of a boat in his The Voice, and the title figure is naked and convulsing in his Madonna; those works join with his Ashes, Jealousy, and Melancholy in a large series consisting of most of his thematic works. He depicted the death of his sister from tuberculosis in The Sick Child, while the reactions of family members to a similar event are the subject of his Death in the Sick Room. He considered most of his paintings to be a part of his series The Frieze of Life, including a work inspired during a walk along the Ljabrochaussaen, which shows the influence of Krakatoa in the red sky above the bald and elongated central figure who is clasping his head in anguish. FTP, name this Norwegian painter of The Scream.
Answer: Edvard Munch
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This man's daughter released a novel in 2006 which tells of Eva's encounters with the farmhand Ezekial, entitled Skinner's Drift, while his wife is the author of Rite of Passage, Threshhold, and Castaways. This man himself wrote a play in which Marius Byleveld's attempts to put Miss Helen in a nursing home are stopped by Elsa Barlow, and another in which Gladys, who has recently returned from the Fort England Clinic, repeatedly hides a diary before denying that Piet sold Steve out to the police. The major works by this author of A Lesson from Aloes and The Road to Mecca are known as the Port Elizabeth plays. Those include include the story of Sam training Willie for a dance contest at St. George's Park Tea Room, as well as the plays Hello and Goodbye, Boesman and Lena, and The Blood Knot. FTP, name this author of such anti-apartheid plays as No-Good Friday and Master Harold and the Boys.
Answer: Athol Fugard
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This man was the first person to sum a series with infinite number of terms when he calculated the area under a parabola, which may have been the first use of integral calculus. Although he didn't use the name pi, he proved that that number enters the formulas for the area and circumference of a circle, and gave a method of calculating the number to arbitrary accuracy. In physics he invented the field of statics, was the first to identify the center of gravity, and formulated the law of equilibrium of fluids and the law of the lever. FTP, identify this Greek mathematician and namesake of a spiral with equation r equals a theta, who was killed by a Roman soldier while presumably studying the squaring of the circle and is probably best known for his principle of buoyancy.
Answer: Archimedes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
It is a leading exemplar of a mould theory, as opposed to a cloak theory. Its original formulation involved the direction that a canoe on a beach is pointing, which led to this idea being lambasted as derived from a "limited, badly analyzed sample" and the product of "long-time leanings toward mysticism" in a critique by Steven Pinker. Loglan was created as an attempt to avoid the consequences of this idea, which was originally conceived to demonstrate that the Hopi do not experience time in the same way as English speakers. FTP, identify this principle, named for the two linguists who developed it, which states in general form that one's language determines one's perception.
Answer: the Sapir-Whorf-Korzybski hypothesis [accept the Whorfian hypothesis; prompt on Sapir hypothesis; prompt on "principle of linguistic relativity" or equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Its 3 and 4 forms work in tandem with XRCC1 and XRCC4, respectively, and in some cases, its major function is assisted by the Ku protein. The activity of the most common form of this molecule can be inhibited by both sodium chloride and potassium chloride, and increased by the addition of polyethylene glycol. NAD is used as a cofactor for the one derived from E. coli, but the most commonly used one requires ATP as a cofactor and is derived from the T4 bacteriophage. It functions through the formation of phosphodiester bonds between the 5-prime phosphate and the 3-prime hydroxyl. FTP, identify this enzyme, responsible for joining Okazaki fragments into a single DNA strand.
Answer: DNA ligase
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This author, who was contrasted with Samuel Beckett in Ihab Hassan's The Literature of Silence, discussed his decision to drop out of college rather than read The Faerie Queene in his Stand Still Like the Hummingbird. In one of his novels, the narrator sees a universe in a cabbage leaf and works at the Cosmodemonic Telegraph Company. He also wrote about a man who pockets Fillmore's money and decides not to return to Mona in New York. That character is based on this author's actual time sponging off Alfred Perles and diarist Anais Nin in Paris. FTP, name this creator of the "Land of Fuck," the author of Black Spring, The Air-Conditioned Nightmare, the Rosy Crucifixion trilogy, and two books which ran afoul of U.S. obscenity laws, Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer.
Answer: Henry Valentine Miller
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Thomas Shepherd and Billy Kaplan were discovered, in 2005, to be the long-missing sons of this woman. She had previously enlisted the aid of Agatha Harkness to forget the existence of those children, who first appeared after her move to Leonia. Born at Wundagore under the supervision of a cow who was transformed into a nurse, she later teleported Century to Earth in her role as the founder of Force Works. More recently, she uttered the phrase "no more mutants," ending the House of M saga and depowering many background Marvel characters. The world-altering abilities of this wife of the Vision come from her new "chaos magic" abilities, which enhance her former power to alter probabilities in her favor. FTP, name this former member of the Avengers who is the twin sister of Quicksilver and daughter of Magneto.
Answer: The Scarlet Witch [or Wanda Maximoff; prompt on Maximoff; prompt on Gypsy Witch; prompt on Wanda Frank; prompt on Wanda Magnus; prompt on Ana Maximoff]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
In one part of this work, a low note played after an ascending scale represents several drunken partygoers' unsuccessful attempts to stand up. Many modern performances play the melody louder than the plucked strings representing rain on a window, assuming that the composer's instructions to make the rain sound louder are erroneous. In another part of this piece, several violins represents a brook, the lead violin plays a shepherd, and a viola plays the part of a sheepdog. The shepherd's fear of Zephyr and Boreas are discussed in one of the poems which accompany this cycle, which is part of a larger work dedicated to Wenzel von Morzin entitled The Contest Between Harmony and Invention. FTP, name this concerto series depicting "La Primavera," "L'estate," "L'autunno" and "L'inverno," which was composed by Antonio Vivaldi.
Answer: The Four Seasons [or Le Quattro Stagioni; accept The Contest Between Harmony and Invention or Il Cimento dell'Armonia e dell'inventione before "larger work" is read; accept "L'autunno" or Autumn before "louder than the plucked strings" is read; do not accept individual movement names after that point since information about multiple movements has been given]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
The 1875 Andrassy Note demanded religious freedom and an end to absentee tax farming in what is now this country. A "crisis" named for this place was exacerbated by the Russian diplomat Izvolsky's flip flopping and sparked by Count von Aehrenthal's ultimately succesful attempt to annex this territory to Austria in the wake of the Young Turks accession in 1908. Later, its governor, Osakar Potiorek, instituted harsh rule in this province, which was followed by a disastrous visit from the heir apparent to the throne. FTP, name this country where Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Ferdinand in Sarejevo, and which became the site of anti-Muslim atrocities by Serbs in the 1990s.
Answer: Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina [or Bosna i Hercegovina]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
In Herman Hesse's Klingsor's Last Summer, the title character addresses his cruel friend Louis as one of these, while in Garcia Marquez's The Autumn of the Patriarch, the title character's mother spends her days adding color to them. Nikolai Diakonov is restored to the good graces of the Czar in a Rebecca West novel where these "fall down," and Croft kills one that is rescued by Roft in Mailer's The Naked and the Dead. A seller of decrees, a man who wishes to kill his father, and the surveyor Meton all attempt to gain favors from them in a play where Pisthetaerus becomes their king. In that play, Epops and Trochilus establish Nephelococcygia and displace the worship of Zeus. FTP, name these title figures of an Aristophanes play, also found in Jerzy Kosinzki's book about a "painted" one and in a "chronicle" by Haruki Murakami about the "wind-up" kind.
Answer: birds
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Menstrauting women are exempt from this in the period that Ba'hai dedicates to it in March. George Whitfield's sermon, "The Almost Christian," argues that this practice, along with mortification, is essential to Christianity. The Eastern Orthodox Church dedicates four "seasons" to it, and Tertullian was the first Christian to advocate it as part of regular worship. The assassination of Gedalia is one day on which it is practiced in Judaism, while in Islam, it is interrupted by an itfar. Esther did it for several days prior to visiting Ahashverash, and a noted example of it ends with the Eid al-Fitr. FTP, name this religious practice observed during Yom Kippur and the daylight hours of Ramadan.
Answer: fasting [accept obvious equivalents]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Scallenberger Ridge is found within the state park by this name, which sits to the north of Coldstream Canyon. The park abuts the lake of the same name, which is fed by Gregory and Summit Creeks and is the source of a namesake creek which flows into the Truckee River about ten miles north of Lake Tahoe. Sitting a hundred miles east of Sacramento, the mountain pass by this name sits upon the major travel route between San Francisco and Reno through the Sierra Nevada. All those features are named for a group which decided to take Hastings Cutoff and became delayed in the Wasatch Mountains in an attempt to reach Sutter's Fort. FTP, give this common name, derived from the brothers Jacob and George who led that ill-fated expedition which became notorious as a "party" of cannibals.
Answer: Donner
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
The Hay test for jaundice makes use of this property because bile can alter its value for urine. Thermodynamically, it is defined as the partial derivative of Gibbs free energy with respect to area at constant pressure and temperature, and it is related to temperature via the Eotvos equation. LaPlace's law relates the collapsing pressure of a spherical bubble to twice the value of this property, which is also the driving force of capillary action. Measured in dynes per centimeter and explained by the cohesive forces between molecules with nothing above them, FTP name this quantity that can be lowered by surfactants and allows certain bugs to walk on water.
Answer: surface tension
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Weapons for this event were supposed to be supplied by the German ship Libau, disguised as the Norwegian trawler Aud. Upon learning that the Libau had been scuttled, Chief-of-Staff MacNeill sent orders to cancel the event, which delayed it by a day. The rebels eventually took up positions including Boland's Bakery and St. Stephen's Green, though the largest garrison occupied the General Post Office, along with commanders of the event such as Connolly and Pearse. FTP, name this Irish rebellion which took place in 1916.
Answer: Easter Rising/Rebellion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
An attempt at seduction in this story goes awry when a girl protests that she is wearing the clothes of mourning, and her suitor suggests that she simply remove her dress. Following an argument over whether the only available sofa is yellow or green, one character leaves his room to avoid talking to his mother and attempts to claim that he took a walk in the garden afterwards. The trouble began when a man fixed up his unhappy wife and his former secretary, and then attempted to find a lover for himself at a brothel run under cover of a dress shop by Madame Pace. All ends with the girl drowning in a fountain, and the boy being killed by a mysterious gunshot, resulting in an argument over whether he is dead or merely pretending, and the director complaining "I've lost a whole day over these people." An unnamed father, stepdaughter, mother, adult son, teenage boy, and young girl are the title figures in, FTP, what play by Luigi Pirandello?
Answer: Six Characters in Search of an Author [or Sei personaggi in cerca d'autore: Commedia da fare]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
His daughter is often called the namesake of Beirut, and his story inspired the Apostrophia aspect of a certain deity which was displayed in Athens. He was conceived because his grandmother Cenchreis or Orithyia was away at the festival of Demeter, which allowed his mother Smyrna to conspire with a nurse and deceive his father, also Smyrna's father and known as Cinyras or Thais, into an incestuous encounter. That mother later prayed to neither live nor die and was turned into a myrrh tree, from which he was born. After he died, that goddess sprinkled his blood with nectar, causing the anemone to be formed. One legend says that Calliope's ajudication of an ownership dispute over a chest containing this man led a vengeful claimant to cause the death of Orpheus. FTP, name this person killed by a wild boar, a very attractive youth and lover of Aphrodite.
Answer: Adonis
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Important quantities in it include the Nambu-Goto action and the Polyakov action, while one of its most important results is the AdS/CFT [read as initials] correspondence. That correspondence was shown in part due to the work of Juan Maldacena, and one problem in it is the discovery of its namesake landscape, which consists of something like 10 to the 500th power metastable vacua. Another of its important results is that the 5 consistent theories of this type could all be viewed as a limit of a single M-theory, due to Edward Witten. FTP, name this theory of physics, which predicts that we live in 26 space-time dimensions in the bosonic version, or 10 dimensions in its 'super' version, and which gets its name from the fact that its elementary building block is no longer an elementary point like particle, but rather a 1 dimensional object.
Answer: superstring theory
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
One opera which this man composed and wrote the libretto for now exists only in rival orchestrations by Gunther Schuller , T. J. Anderson, and William Bolcom. That opera by this composer concludes with the dance "A Real Slow Drag," after Remus rescues the title character from the "conjur men." That character is the adopted daughter of Ned who is named for the place where she was found near a plantation in Arkansas. He also composed an opera about a 1902 dinner at the White House, A Guest of Honor, which, like his final dramatic work, If, is now lost. His first credited compositions were "Please Say You Will" and "A Picture of Her Face," which he followed with the "The Strenuous Life," "The Easy Winners," "The Chrysanthemum, and the previously described opera Treemonisha. FTP, name this composer of "The Cascades," "The Entertainer," and "Maple Leaf Rag," who was the pre-eminent ragtime piano writer.
Answer: Scott Joplin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
In 2001, G.A. Cohen published a book-length defense of one of this man's interpretive theories, which was previously denounced as a "farrago" in The Illusion of the Epoch by H.B. Acton and attacked as immoral in Karl Popper's The Poverty of Historicism. That theory is found in his preface to A Contribution to a Critique of Political Economy. An analysis of contemporary politics is found in his The 18th Brumaire of Louis Napoleon, while his predictions for the future are found in the Critique of the Gotha Programme. He responded to Bruno Baeur's case for atheism by making a vague distinction between "political" freedom and "human" freedom in On The Jewish Question. He says that the need for "communal essence" pairs with alienation to create religion in Contribution to a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right, which also comments that "religion is the opiate of the people." FTP, name this guy who had a theory of historical materialism and collaborated with Friedrich Engels on Capital.
Answer: Karl Marx
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Montreal and Chevaliers castles were built to defend these, and several of them signed a commercial agreement with the Aydin dynasty. Balian of Ibelin's surrender ended the existence of one, whose throne was earlier disputed by Hugh of Cyprus and Charles of Anjou. Those which spoke Latin were grouped together as the Outremer; that group included one which ruled by Queen Sibyl and King Baldwin, and another which was eventually reduced to a rump consisting of Belvoir and Tyre. FTP, name this group of principalities including Edessa, Tripoli, Antioch, and the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, established at the turn of the twelfth century by Christian knights warring in the Holy Land.
Answer: the Crusader states
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
TB. One leader of this organization went into two retirements in England and owned the Epsom Derby-winning horse Orby. That man was a bitter enemy of Charles Parkhurst's Society for the Prevention of Crime and eventually lost an election to Seith Low. Fernando Wood formed the Mozart organization to compete with this group after a falling-out, and its leader Charles Murphy won a similar factional dispute by engineering the impeachment of William Sulzer. John Kelly introduced its block-by-block regimentation at the same time that "King" Richard Croker became its leader. Thomas Nast's cartoon helped break the power of a man with a namesake "ring" who was another notoriously corrupt member of this group. FTP, William "Boss" Tweed was a leader of what Democratic Party social association that ran New York politics for decades?
Answer: Tammany Hall
 
2006 ACF Fall Bonuses by Matt Weiner and Brown
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name these Herman Melville characters for 10 points each.,
[10] This title character of a novel discussing "his fifty years of exile" fights at Bunker Hill, befriends George III, bootlegs a note from Squire Woodcock to Benjamin Franklin, and joins the crew of John Paul Jones.
Answer: Israel Potter [first or last name or both is acceptable]
[10] This Spanish slave-ship captain is overthrown by Babo and eventually rescued by Amasa Delano in a namesake story.
Answer: Don Benito Cereno [accept Benito]
[10] This captain of the Pequod has a scar running from head to toe and a fake leg made of whalebone.
Answer: Captain Ahab
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Announced in 1905 under the influence of Sergei Witte, it guaranteed civil liberties and announced the first Duma. FTPE:,
[10] Name this document, moderated by the Fundamental Laws of the following year, which is taken to represent the end of unchecked autocracy in Russia.
Answer: the October Manifesto [or Oktyabrsky Manifest]
[10] The October Manifesto was promulgated by this last tsar, the target of the 1905 and 1917 revolutions.
Answer: Nicholas II [prompt on partial answer]
[10] In 1917, this member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party became prime minister following the fall of Lvov, but his disastrous June Offensive and Bolshevik scheming led to his provisional government's downfall.
Answer: Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Identify the following things related to the heart, FTPE.,
[10] This is the chamber of the heart where deoxygenated blood is received from the vena cava.
Answer: right atrium
[10] This is the name given to the double-walled sac that encloses the heart. It has a fibrous and serous layer and serves to protect and anchor the heart to the surrounding tissue.
Answer: pericardium
[10] This is the collection of conducting fibers lining the interventricular septum of the heart. They lie at the distal portion of the AV node and conduct electrical signals to the Purkinje fibers.
Answer: bundle of His
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
It is usually performed as the first movement of the suite which contains it, though by position it ought to come somewhere after "The Bringer of Peace" and before "The Bringer of Jollity." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this march in 5/4 time, which contains strings played with the wooden side of the bow and sharply struck kettle drums in a long crescendo.
Answer: "Mars, the Bringer of War"
[10] "Mars, the Bringer of War" is one movement of The Planets, a suite by this tromboner who also composed St. Paul's Suite, The Golden Goose, and Egdon Heath.
Answer: Gustav(us) Theodore von Holst
[10] The "Neptune, the Mystic" movement of The Planets uses a choir of women singing wordlessly, which Holst previously employed in this opera based on the Mahabharata, in which Death attempts to claim the title character's husband Satyavan but is outwitted.
Answer: Savitri
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
He stole fire from Mahuika and sought immortality from Hine-nui-te-po. FTPE:,
[10] Name this figure from Polynesian mythology who wrangled the sun with a jaw-bone.
Answer: Maui
[10] This relative of Maui has two heads to signify both day and night, and she threw herself into the sea when Maui turned her husband into a dog.
Answer: Hina
[10] In Maori myth, this island sprang from a writhing fish caught by Maui using his trusty jaw-bone.
Answer: the North Island of New Zealand
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
His brother Giovanni lo Scheggia or "The Splinter" was a notoriously bad painter, but this artist won infamy only for his personal hygiene and created the first painting to fully use one-point perspective. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painter of The Tribute Money, The Expulsion from Paradise, and a 1427 Trinity.
Answer: Masaccio [or Tommaso Di Giovanni Di Simone Guidi]
[10] Massacio's Trinity employs the mathematical principles of composition elucidated by this sculptor of The Sacrifice of Isaac and designer of the dome of the Florence Cathedral, who appears in a black shawl in Massacio's Saint Peter Enthroned
Answer: Filippo Brunelleschi
[10] The Explusion from Paradise, The Tribute Money, and Saint Peter Enthroned are found in a fresco cycle at this chapel within Santa Maria del Carmine in Florence.
Answer: Brancacci Chapel
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
He was Secretary of War from 1881 to 1885 and returned to politics as Benjamin Harrison's minister to Britain. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man who succeeded George Pullman as the leader of the Pullman company and was invited to the assassinations of three presidents.
Answer: Robert Todd Lincoln [prompt on Lincoln]
[10] Robert Todd Lincoln was the only member of the Garfield cabinet retained upon the accession of this hirsute Vermonter.
Answer: Chester Alan Arthur
[10] One of the few lasting achievements of the Arthur administration was this 1883 bill, attempting to end the office-dealing which led to Garfield's assassination, which mandated merit-based federal employment.
Answer: Pendleton Civil Service Act
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
In 2005, this country's government evicted the United States from the Karshi-Khanabad air base, which had been used to cross this country's Southern border into Afghanistan. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this country, which is the world's largest exporter of cotton outside of the United States.
Answer: Republic of Uzbekistan [or Uzbekistan Respublikasi]
[10] The European Union suspended most diplomatic relations with Uzbekistan following the May 2005 incident in this city, where demonstrators were massacred by the army in Bobur Square after twenty-three accused terrorists broke out of prison.
Answer: Andijan [or Andijon; or Andizhan; or Andizan]
[10] This Uzbek president's complicity in the Andijan massacre didn't stop UNESCO director Koichiro Matsuura from giving him a "cultural heritage award" in September 2006.
Answer: Islam Karimov
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
It is popular in Thailand, and its practitioners yield to the authority of the Pali canon. FTPE:,
[10] Name this large school of Buddhism that practices Jhana and includes the high spiritual status of a "nonreturner."
Answer: Theravada [or Hinayana]
[10] This Sanskrit word for "one who is worthy" describes someone who has achieved the highest state in Theravada and will not be reborn, as he has achieved nirvana. Mahayanists claim that this state is less perfect than a bodhisattva.
Answer: arhat [or arahant]
[10] Theravada took root in this country that houses the Abhayagiri monastery when Mahinda converted King Tissa 2200 years ago. This nation's Sinhalese population is largely Buddhist.
Answer: Sri Lanka [or Shri Lamka Prajatantrika Samajaya di Janarajaya/Ilankai Jananayaka; or Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka; or Choshalichak Kutiyarachu; or Ilankai]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer the following from quantum field theory, FTPE.,
[10] This is the first quantum field theory to be worked out. Feynman, Schwinger, and Tomonaga received the 1965 Nobel Prize in physics for their work on this quantum treatment of two classically unified forces.
Answer: Quantum ElectroDynamics
[10] One way to quantize a field is to assume that it behaves like this kind of system, which in quantum mechanics has evenly spaced energy levels and wavefunctions proportional to Hermite polynomials. More famous classical examples are pendulums and masses on springs.
Answer: simple harmonic oscillator
[10] Quantum field theories in which all ultraviolet divergences and other infinities can be removed are called this.
Answer: renormalizable
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
One of his works was four sections of blank verse describing The Lilly, The Cloud, and a Clod of Clay, whose title character asks "Can Wisdom be put in a silver Rod?" FTPE:,
[10] Name this poet who wrote The Book of Thel, "The Four Zoas" and "The Marriage of Heaven and Hell."
Answer: William Blake
[10] This set of poems begins with an introduction wherein a child scampers to write "In a book that all may read." This set also includes "The Lamb" and "The Little Black Boy" and is often paired with another set of poems whose title seems to celebrate doing stuff.
Answer: Songs of Innocence
[10] This narrative poem features a battle between an Orc, who is esnared by Urizen, and the Angel of Albion, representing England. Other characters in this poem include George Washington and Thomas Paine.
Answer: "America: A Prophecy"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Producing 1972 and 1979 treaties, the latter of which was not approved by the Senate, these conferences attempted to limit the manufacture of nuclear-capable missiles. FTPE:,
[10] Name this series of US-Soviet conferences which also produced the Interim Agreement.
Answer: Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
[10] The most concrete result of SALT I was this treaty which limited each country to one defensive launch site stocked with no more than one hundred interceptors.
Answer: Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
[10] In 1982, this series of successor agreements to SALT II began to be negotiated. One treaty under this banner cut total missiles to 1600 with no more than six thousand warheads, and a second negotiated by Clinton and Yeltsin cut that number in half.
Answer: Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
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Name these things in Burma for 10 points each.,
[10] Found twenty-five miles from the Gulf of Martaban, this capital and largest city of the country is home to the Shwe Dagon Pagoda, while the Kandawgyiu lake complex is found in its city center, the Cantonment.
Answer: Yangon [or Rangoon]
[10] It replaced Amarapura as the last capital of the old kingdom of Myanmar under King Mindon in the 1850s, and it is now home to the Zegyo bazaar and the Works of Royal Merit, a complex of 730 pagodas. It is the second most populated city in the country.
Answer: Mandalay
[10] This major river of Burma forms from the confluence of the Mali and Nmai and flows through Myitkyina, Bhamo, Mogok, and Mandalay. It divides the Arakan and Pegu Mountains before its delta into the Andaman Sea begins at Henzada.
Answer: Irrawaddy River [or Ayeyarwady River]
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He succeeded Zhou Enlai as premier and Mao Zedong as party chief. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Chinese politican who rehabiliated Deng Xiaoping before being succeeded by Zhao Ziyang as premier and Hu Yaobang as party chair.
Answer: Hua Guofeng
[10] Hua's ascendancy was engineered by this cadre that included Mao's wife Jiang Qing.
Answer: the Gang of Four [or Sirenbang]
[10] Hua aided Mao in this 1958 to 1960 campaign for rural industrialization, which resulted in mass starvation.
Answer: the Great Leap Forward
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
FTPE, answer the following about pigments possessed by Chlamydomonas, a group of unicellular algae.,
[10] Like other green algae, Chlamydomonas contains both types a and b of this molecule that gives plants their green color.
Answer: chlorophylls
[10] Found in the chloroplast of Chlamydomonas along with chlorophylls are these accessory pigments. Xanthophylls are one type of this class of pigment, one of whose members is derived from a dimer of vitamin A.
Answer: carotenoids
[10] The eyespot of Chlamydomonas has concentrated amounts of this pigment consisting of retinal bound to an apoprotein. A protein containing it is used by some archaea to convert light energy into a proton gradient.
Answer: rhodopsin
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
One of his plays told of Gorgibus and two servants who pretended to be noblemen, and he collaborated with Lully on several ballets. FTPE:,
[10] Name this playwright of The Blue-Stockings, The Cheats of Scapin and The Imaginary Invalid.
Answer: Moliere [or Jean-Baptiste Poquelin]
[10] In this Moliere play, Cleante and Valere complain about their lack of nice clothing, and the title charcter, Harpagon, gives further evidence of his namesake flaw when he feeds his horses straw.
Answer: The Miser [or L'Avare]
[10] The later of two similarly themed plays, this Moliere play ends with Arnolphe getting screwed when Enrique arranges Agnes's marriage to the son of Oronte.
Answer: The School for Wives [or L'Ecole des Femmes]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
A This father of Suka wrote some Paranas, but is probably better known for another work which legend states he dictated to Ganesh. FTPE:,
[10] Name this attributed author of the Mahabharata.
Answer: Vyasa
[10] Part of Book Six of the Mahabharata consists of this 700 verse "song of god," which identifies the personal god with Krishna. Ghandi wrote a commentary to it and it is often considered to be a concise statement of Hinduism's core principles.
Answer: the Bhagavadgita
[10] This member of the Pandavas, whose brothers were Bhima, Nakula, Sahadeva and Yudhishthira, wins the hand of Draupadi in the Mahabharata. His pre-battle jitters led to the dialogue that became the Bhagavadgita.
Answer: Arjuna
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Identify these possessive philosophical concepts for 10 points each.,
[10] First put forth along with an accompanying "microscope," it divides all statements into relations of ideas, subject to reasoning alone, and matters of fact, which correspond to the natural world.
Answer: Hume's fork
[10] This animal, from its namesake's commentary on Aristotle's On the Heavens, starves to death because its two available food options are entirely identical and thus there is no basis on which to choose.
Answer: Buridan's ass [or Buridan's dog]
[10] This principle named for the "doctor invincibilis" states that one should not multiply entities unnecessarily.
Answer: Occam's razor
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Answer the following about phase diagrams FTPE.,
[10] This is the combination of pressure and temperature at which solid, liquid, and gas all coexist in equilibrium for a substance.
Answer: triple point
[10] For pressure and temperature values above a certain point, a material becomes this kind of substance in which gases and liquids cannot be distinguished.
Answer: supercritical fluid
[10] In a binary phase diagram, this is the temperature and liquid composition at which the two substances crystallize together from a molten mixture.
Answer: eutectic point
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Name these people involved in court cases about free speech for 10 points each.,
[10] This apprentice of William Bradford was arrested by governor William Cosby for editorials in the New York Weekly Journal, but Andrew Hamilton earned his acquittal by arguing that juries can determine fact and that true statements cannot be libellous.
Answer: John Peter Zenger
[10] He sued Hustler for a fake Campari ad claimed that he had, in the words of William Rehnquist, a "drunken incestuous rendezvous with his mother in an outhouse." The resultant 1989 Supreme Court ruling gave broad First Amendment protections to parody.
Answer: Jerry Laymon Falwell
[10] Time v. Hill and Gertz v. Welch further explored the "actual malice" standard first elaborated in 1964, when this Montgomery, Alabama police commissioner sued the New York Times for alleging that he closed the dining hall at Alabama State College to punish civil rights protestors.
Answer: L.B. Sullivan

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