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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by Maryland A + CWRU
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In one of this author's novels, Father Paez convinces Catalina that she has corrupted her soul by marrying the title character. King Philip II appears in this author's novel in which the eve of the new millennium sees an act of love between Celstina and Pollo Phoibe. This author of Terra Nostra included a frame story about a group of diggers discussing an exhumed corpse in a novel that ends with the revelation that the narrator is Ambrose Bierce. His most famous novel follows the titular corrupt politician on his deathbed as he reflects upon his life. For 10 points, name this Mexican author of The Old Gringo and The Death of Artemio Cruz.
Answer: Carlos Fuentes
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Rett syndrome has been associated with hypermodification of certain classes of these proteins. During spermatogenesis, they are replaced by the arginine-rich protamines, which are necessary for sperm head condensation. The largest of these, class 1, links octameric units of the other four classes. These proteins are rich in positively charged amino acids such as lysine, which is often modified in them by acetyl groups. Four types of these form part of a unit spanning 146 base pairs called a nucleosome, which is key for the supercoiling of DNA. For 10 points, name these proteins around which DNA wraps to form chromatin.
Answer: histones
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The hexagon-impressed tiles on the arches in this painting are modeled on the ceiling of the Vatican Palace. A putto over the top of this painting bears the injunction "causarum cognitio," or "become knowledgeable of the causes." The upper left and upper right of this painting include statues of Apollo and Athena, holding a lyre and a shield, respectively. Hypatia is depicted in a white robe in the lower left, while in the lower right a group of students gathers around Archimedes. The Timaeus and the Nicomachean Ethics are held by the two central figures, Plato and Aristotle. For 10 points, name this fresco by Raphael.
Answer: The School of Athens [or La Scuola di Atene]
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This man's support for William H. Crawford's candidacy drew him his first electoral vote, from Georgia for the vice presidency. Charles Ogle accused this man of an overly-opulent lifestyle in the "Gold Spoon Oration," and he refused to override Lilburn Boggs' "Extermination Order" against the Mormons in Missouri. This man's vice president caused a scandal in Washington by entering into a common law marriage with a mulatto slave, and this man twice sent Winfield Scott to New England to resolve border disputes in the Caroline Affair and the Aroostook War. Nominated as a presidential candidate later in life by the Free Soilers, for 10 points, name this president who got saddled with the Panic of 1837 shortly after arriving in office.
Answer: Martin van Buren
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Niklas, Sune, and Allan are moves in the Petrus System used for doing this, and that system was designed to be a replacement for the more layer based Fridrich Method employed by the likes of Tyson Mao. In Hellboy, Abe Sapien laments only accomplishing one third of this action, and a blind man in UHF repeatedly fails to do this. In the Pursuit of Happyness, Will Smith does this in a taxi to impress his future employer. Erik Akkersdijk holds the world record for doing this in the 2x2x2, 3x3x3, and 4x4x4 categories. For 10 points, name this action that involves isolating blue, green, yellow, red, orange, and white tiles on separate sides of a six sided solid.
Answer: Solving a Rubik's Cube
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One of these figures is a diviner of bird flights, and another one gets impaled on top of an ash-tree. In addition to Amycus and Asbolus, one of these figures named Eurytion coerces Dexamenus into setting him up with Dexamenus's daughter, and several of them cause a ruckus at the wedding of Pirithous. One member of this group that fought the Lapiths offers a jug of wine to a visiting hero, and another gives Deianira a shirt with which to poison her husband. The most famous one is allowed to die after being struck by a poison arrow during a ruckus caused by Pholus's opening of a jug of wine. Nessus and Chiron are, for 10 points, what half-horse and half-man creatures in Greek myth?
Answer: centaurs [or kentauroi]
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Hydrodynamic interactions due to this phenomenon create Parker spirals, which are a consequence of rotations of the source of this phenomenon. A strong "radiation driven" phenomenon analogous to this is observed in Wolf-Rayet stars and more generally beyond the Eddington limit in other systems. In conjuction with Earth's magnetic field, this is responsible for `fueling' the Van Allen Belts. The termination shock is the point where this reaches subsonic speeds, and the heliopause is where it merges with interstellar medium. This plasma flow is what causes comet tails to face away from the Sun. For 10 points, identify this stream of charged particles released from the outer atmosphere of the Sun.
Answer: solar wind [or stellar wind]
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According to the Heckscher-Ohlin model, this concept derives from differences in relative factor endowments. Paul Samuelson argued that this concept might not apply today because capital and labor can easily cross national borders. First illustrated by Robert Torrens in an essay on the Corn Laws, this concept was more famously illustrated by David Ricardo with the example of Portuguese wine and English cloth. For 10 points, name this concept that states that even absolutely advantaged countries can benefit from specialization and trade.
Answer: comparative advantage
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A group of drunken farmers sings "There came two ladies out of the woods" during an incidental ballet in this play. One character in this play claims that he attempted to commit suicide by sleeping in a bed of oats and elderberry blossoms, and that he learned French while serving at the largest hotel in Lucerne. That man appalls the title character by beheading Serena, the title character's pet canary, and in the end that man, the butler Jean, hands the title character a razor. For 10 points, name this play in which the titular countess seduces and then is persuaded to commit suicide by Jean, a work of August Strindberg.
Answer: Miss Julie
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This story mentions an object that spent a year in the post office, some time on the shelf of Mr. Martin's grocery, and a year in Mr. Graves's barn. One character in this story is criticized for his decision to modernize by ending the use of wooden chips in favor of paper. The owner of a local coal company, Mr. Summers, organizes this story's title event. Eva is spared the consequences of her father Bill's misfortune by virtue of her marriage to Don. Instead, Bill, Nancy, Bill Jr., Dave and Tessie Hutchinson are picked at random, causing Mr. Delacroix to lift a giant stone to hurl at Tessie. For 10 points, name this short story that caused cancellations of New Yorker subscriptions, a work of Shirley Jackson.
Answer: "The Lottery"
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The Table Rock Lake near Branson, Missouri was formed by damming a river with this name, and another river of this name flows through Indianapolis and is the main tributary of the Wabash River. Its also the name of a mountain range whose namesake member is the third highest peak in California, and another mountain range by this name features Cannon Mountain and the Presidential Range. The cities of Courmayeur and Chamonix are found near the base of a European peak with this name, and the sea by this name is bordered by the Kanin and Kola Peninsulas and includes the port town of Arkhangelsk. For 10 points, identify this color denoting the highest Alpine peak and an arctic Russian sea.
Answer: White [accept Blanc or Bianco after mentioning Courmayeur]
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This ruler's paternal grandfather married Melisende and become King of Jerusalem upon the death of Baldwin II, while his mother had previously been married to Holy Roman Emperor Henry V. Upon the death of his father, this man obtained the title Count of Maine, and he secured his right to the throne by the Treaty of Wallingford, which was agreed upon by his predecessor, Stephen of Blois. During his reign, his Assizes of Clarendon and Northampton reformed English law, making trial by jury more common, and his Constitutions of Clarendon set out to reduce the pope's power in England, which angered Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket. For 10 points, identify this last husband of Eleanor of Aquitaine, the first Plantagenet king of England.
Answer: Henry II of England
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One portion of the first part of this work opens with the direction "With sudden rapture" and concludes with a 36-measure B-flat pedal-point reprise of the opening section. The finale of the first part features a boys' choir joined by the full ensemble singing "Gloria Patri," a motif featured again in the second part, which ends with a pianissimo build-up called "The Sacred Feminine draws us up" and another reprise of the main theme, "Veni, Creator Spiritus." Following its composer's Song of the Night, for 10 points, identify this 1906 E-flat major symphony of Gustav Mahler which is given its nickname due to its extremely large number of chorus and orchestra members.
Answer: Mahler's Symphony No. 8 in E-flat major [or "Symphony of a Thousand;" prompt on Symphony No. 8 before Mahler is read]
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The MSW effect accounts for this particle's oscillations in matter as opposed to a vacuum, and its "sterile" variety is a strong candidate for dark matter composition. The Homestake experiment attempted to count these particles emitted due to fusion in the Sun, while Cowan and Reines reacted its antiparticles with protons to yield neutrons and beta plus particles to verify this particle's existence. Studied at the Super-Kamiokande facility, this particle was postulated to allow conservation of energy and momentum in beta decay, which involves its electron type. Also coming in muon and tauon varieties, for 10 points name this chargeless lepton whose name means "small neutral one."
Answer: neutrino
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This man received his first official post in government as Superintendent of Buildings some time after he incited a rivalry with Nicolas Fouquet over unpaid taxes. This man placed increased emphasis on the equality of tariffs laid on goods traded internally in his country, and he attempted to increase transportation options, commissioning Pierre Riquet to build the Canal du Midi. However, he ascended to his most well-known role due to the patronage of Cardinal Mazarin, and he successfully curried favor with Louis XIV after Mazarin's death. Known for pushing mercantilist policies and for placing a heavier tax burden on the nobility, for 10 points, name this French Controller-General of Finances for whom an economic commerce system is named.
Answer: Jean-Baptiste Colbert
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This thinker is the namesake of a paradox that is a logical formation of the problem of evil. His few extant works include a letter explaining his physical theory and addressed to Herodotus. Like Democritus, he was an atomist, though his version included the possibility of swerves in atomic motion to allow for free will. His major ethical teachings included that the soul is not immortal and that the person should strive to attain ataraxia. For 10 points, name this Greek philosopher who taught that the only goal in life should be to maximize one's pleasure.
Answer: Epicurus
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A 2001 J.C. Alvarez study investigated properties of aromatic polyamides containing this class of elements, and they are reacted with carboxylic acids in the Hunsdiecker reaction. The Finkelstein reaction involves the exchange of two atoms of these elements, and the enrichment of uranium via gaseous diffusion is accomplished using a molecule containing the simplest of these elements, whose synthesis won Henri Moissan the 1906 Nobel in Chemistry. Another member of this group is used as a mordant in Gram staining and has an important role in the thyroid gland. For 10 points, identify these highly reactive Group 17 elements that include iodine and fluorine.
Answer: halogens [accept Group 17 elements before mentioned]
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In Melville's Billy Budd, Captain Vere takes his nickname "Starry" from this author's poem "Upon Appleton House." He wrote that "the Irish are ashamed / to see themselves in one year tamed" in a "Horatian Ode." This poet also wrote a series of poems about a figure "against Gardens" and "to the Glowworms." This author of "The Mower" is most famous for a narrator who discusses his "vegetable love" growing until "the conversion of the Jews," but regrets "Time's winged chariot hurrying near." For 10 points, name this British poet who penned the lines "Had we but world enough and time, this coyness, lady, were no crime" in "To His Coy Mistress."
Answer: Andrew Marvell
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The Al ha-Nissim addition is made to the hoda'ah benediction in the prayer service for this holiday, which includes the reading of Zechariah 2:14-4: The final moments of this holiday include the reading of the verse "This was the dedication of the altar" on its final day, which is known as Zot. The medieval German hymn Ma'oz Tzur is sung during this holiday, which sees the wide consumption of latkes. This holiday was borne from a struggle against Antiochus and included an incident in which a container of oil kept a menorah burning for eight days. Gelt is distributed and dreidel is played on, for 10 points, what winter Jewish holiday?
Answer: Hanukkah [or Chanukah; prompt on Festival of Lights]
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This nation's May Revolution of 1810 came about after the 1806 and 1807 invasions of its capital, and its independence was declared at the Congress of Tucuman. Bartolome Mitre led this nation during the War of the Triple Alliance, although it was ruled for four decades by the caudillo Juan Manuel de Rosas. Jorge Videla's government began the Dirty War in this nation, which served as the heart of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata before being liberated from Spain by Jose de San Martin. For 10 points, name this South American country which has been ruled by Eva and Juan Peron.
Answer: Argentina
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A character named Hamlet in this work hallucinates that Tennyson comes to him wearing the face of Euripides to explain the meaning of the phrase "divine despair." Mrs. Merrett spends thirty years in jail after her nineteen year old lover shoots her husband. While most of the characters in this work are miserable, the story teller and fiddler Blind Jack now spends his afterlife listening to Homer recount the fall of Troy. This collection includes a recitation by Anne Rutledge, the "Beloved in life of Abraham Lincoln." For 10 points, identify this poetry collection in which the dead of the title town make one final statement, the masterpiece of Edgar Lee Masters.
Answer: Spoon River Anthology
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by Maryland A + CWRU
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He wrote about Marco Polo describing the cities of Kublai Khan in Invisible Cities. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of If on a Winter's Night a Traveler and The Path to the Nest of Spiders.
Answer: Italo Calvino
[10] Calvino hails from this modern day country. This country was also home to poets Salvatore Quasimodo and Dante Alighieri
Answer: Italy [or Italian Republic; or Repubblica Italiana]
[10] This Calvino short story collection features a number of tales each based upon a scientific fact of the time. One tells of the lives of the last remaining dinosaurs and one compares the primordial singularity to a can of sardines.
Answer: Cosmicomics
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The Lorentz-Fitzgerald hypothesis was posited to explain the results of this experiment, which was performed on a floating block in a bath of mercury. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this doubly-eponymous 1887 experiment that was the first of many to disprove the existence of luminiferous ether.
Answer: Michelson-Morley Experiment
[10] The experiment was performed using this Michelson-invented device, which splits light rays into two parts that are ultimately recombined in order to measure interference patterns.
Answer: interferometer
[10] With Noble, this man tried to measure the movement of the Earth through aether, and with Rankine he tried to measure changes in a coil's resistance due to orientation in the aether.
Answer: Frederick Thomas Trouton
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Thunder is created in the myth system of this country when the god Ukko makes love with his wife Akka. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this country whose mythology includes the stories of the Sampo's forging and of Kullervo's suicide, many of which are told in its epic poem, the Kalevala.
Answer: Republic of Finland
[10] This central hero of the Kalevala is an "eternal bard" and son of Ilmatar, who sinks Joukahainen into a bog with his magical singing.
Answer: Vainamoinen
[10] One creature of this type in Finnish mythology resides in Tuonela and is almost killed with a poison arrow by Lemminkainen. Zeus adopted the guise of this bird to sleep with Leda.
Answer: swan
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This engagement saw Mir Jafar sell out the army of Siraj-ud-Daulah to the British, who won this battle on the banks of the Bhagirathi River. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this battle of the Seven Years War, a victory for the British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal.
Answer: Battle of Plassey
[10] This soldier led the British forces at Plassey. He had earlier successfully taken and held Arcot through a siege by Chanda Sahib, an action that caused Pitt the Elder to describe him as the "heaven-born general."
Answer: Robert Clive
[10] In the decades following Plassey, the British East India Company fought a series of wars with this kingdom through a proxy, the Madras Presidency. The last war saw this kingdom subjugated and placed under the rule of the Wodeyar dynasty, which ruled it until 1947.
Answer: Kingdom of Mysore
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This group released songs like "Bottom of Your Soul" and "Taint Your World" on their 2006 album, Falling In Between, For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American band better known for songs like "Rosanna" and "Hold the Line."
Answer: Toto
[10] This Toto song includes the lyric "wild dogs call out in the night" and has a chorus that repeatedly blesses the rains of the titular continent.
Answer: "Africa"
[10] Toto's 2002 album, Through the Looking Glass, contains a cover of this George Harrison written song. It begins "I look at you all see the love there that's sleeping" and exclaims "I don't know why you were diverted."
Answer: "While My Guitar Gently Weeps"
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One stanza of this aria opens "tutti mi chiedono, tutti mi vogliono." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this aria that underscores the business of the central character of the opera it appears in, who congratulates himself with "Bravo" and who hurries to his shop at its opening.
Answer: "Largo al factotum" [or "Make way for the factotum"]
[10] "Largo al factotum" is the most recognizable piece of this Giaochino Rossini opera, whose title refers to Figaro. This opera is also about the attempts of Count Almaviva to wed Rosina.
Answer: The Barber of Seville, or The Useless Precaution [or Il barbiere di Siviglia, ossia L'inutile precauzione]
[10] The third of the four parts of this Rossini composition is the "call to the dairy cows." Franz Liszt provided a piano transcription of this piece, which appears before Rossini's final opera.
Answer: William Tell Overture [or Guillaume Tell Overture; grudgingly prompt on William Tell or Guillaume Tell]
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It focuses on the loss of status of Madame Ranevsky. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Yermolai Lopakhin buys the titular estate, but never proposes to Varya.
Answer: The Cherry Orchard
[10] This Russian playwright wrote Uncle Vanya and The Cherry Orchard. He wrote about Treplev killing the title bird and committing suicide in The Seagull.
Answer: Anton Chekhov
[10] In this Chekhov short story, the Moscow banker Gurov begins leading a double life after falling in love with Anna Sergeevna in Yalta.
Answer: "Lady with a Lapdog" [or "Lady with a Dog" or "Lady with Dog"
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Identify the following concepts from algebra for 10 points each.,
[10] A binary function f on some set possesses this property if f(x,y) = f(y,x) for any two x and y in the set. For addition, it means that x + y = y + x.
Answer: commutative [accept word forms like commutativity]
[10] The commutative property must be held for the Abelian type of this mathematical construct, which fundamentally consists of a set and a binary operation on that set.
Answer: group
[10] For a group G, this term, often symbolized Z of G, is defined as a set of elements in G that commutes with all other elements of G. A group is Abelian if and only if this construct is the same as G.
Answer: center
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This poem includes the lines "I fall upon the thorns of life - I bleed!" and `Be thou me, impetuous one!" For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem addressed to "thou breath of autumn's being" which asks "if Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?"
Answer: Ode to the West Wind
[10] This poet authored "Ode to the West Wind" and the gothic novel Zastrozzi. He wrote of a "traveler from an antique land" in "Ozymandias."
Answer: Percy Bysshe Shelley
[10] According to this Shelley elegy, "Life, like a dome of many-colored glass, stains the white radiance of eternity." It posits that its subject "like a star, Beacons from the abode where the Eternal are."
Answer: Adonais
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Its average depth is just 5 feet, and it nearly dried out in 1908 and 19 For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this shallow African body of water that sees large seasonal fluctuations in area due to drought and desertification.
Answer: Lake Chad
[10] Lake Chad gains most of its water from this river, which flows through N'Djamena and along the border of Cameroon before emptying into the lake.
Answer: Chari River
[10] The Chari River begins in this country to the east of Sudan before flowing into the lake. Most of this country's southern border is formed by the Mbomou, Uele and Ubangi rivers, all tributaries of the Congo River, and it has its capital at Bangui.
Answer: Central African Republic
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This structure's Passion facade contains twisted depictions of Christ's flogging, as executed by Josep Subirachs. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this unfinished church set to be completed in 2026, noted for its Nativity and Glory facades and for its 18 gigantic spires, which light up during Barcelona's nativity celebrations.
Answer: Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia [or Expiatory Temple of the Holy Family]
[10] The Sagrada Familia was begun by and serves as the final resting place for this Catalan architect who also designed the Casa Mila and the Park Guell in Barcelona.
Answer: Antoni Placid Guillem Gaudi i Cornet
[10] Gaudi once decried the contrived nature of this medieval architectural form, characterized by tall spires and flying buttresses. This style is exemplified by Notre Dame de Paris.
Answer: Gothic
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This period is generally seen to have begun with the Onin War, and the three most important leaders during it were Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu. For 10 points each:,
[10] First, name this Japanese historical period in which central power was weaker than under the shogunates.
Answer: Sengoku Jidai [or Warring States Period]
[10] These were the local feudal leaders during the Sengoku. Their power was often measured in koku, or how much rice their fiefs could provide.
Answer: Daimyo
[10] This was the ruling shogunate during the Muramachi period, which immediately preceded the Sengoku. It began after the Kemmu Restoration, ending the previous Kamakura period.
Answer: Ashikaga Shogunate
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In geochemistry, Lux-Flood theory states that this type of substance is an oxide ion acceptor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this type of substance that acts as a proton donor in reactions according to the Bronsted-Lowry definition.
Answer: acid
[10] According to the Arrhenius definition, an acid is a substance that produces this ion, with formula H3O+ [H-3-O-plus], in aqueous solution.
Answer: hydronium
[10] The Pearson scale defines acids as one of these two contrasting terms, depending on species size and charge. Water is generally classified by these terms depending on how high its mineral content is.
Answer: hard and soft [accept in either order]
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For 10 points each, identify the following concerning the Crucifixion.,
[10] Whereas Saint John suggests that Christ's last words were, "It is done," saints Mark and Matthew, who wrote in Greek, offer this lament instead.
Answer: "My God, my God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" or ["Eloi, Eloi, la'ame sabbachthani?"]
[10] According to tradition, this man disrespected the crucified Christ by spitting on him, and was consigned to roam the earth until the dead are called forth at the Second Coming.
Answer: the Wandering Jew or [Ahaesueros]
[10] The fifth and seventh of the fourteen Stations of the Cross refer to this Libyan figure, the person who was compelled to carry Christ's cross.
Answer: Simon of Cyrene [prompt on Simon]
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Leonard Wood and Frank Lowden were the early front runners to win the Republican nomination in this election, which saw the Democrats nominate Ohioan James Cox. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this presidential election whose eventual winner ran with the campaign slogan "return to normalcy."
Answer: Election of 1920
[10] Warren Harding gained victory over a Democratic ticket featuring this vice-presidential candidate, who successfully ran for New York's gubernatorial office eight years later.
Answer: Franklin Delano Roosevelt [or FDR; prompt on Roosevelt]
[10] The Election of 1920 became the most lopsided victory in terms of popular vote percentage difference since this presidential election, which saw the reelection of James Monroe because he faced no real opposition.
Answer: Election of 1820
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He used his first pseudonym Jonathan Oldstyle in a series of letters to The Morning Chronicle. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author who wrote about Brom Bones and Ichabod Crane in The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.
Answer: Washington Irving
[10] Sleepy Hollow is a community in this US state. Rip Van Winkle gets lost while traipsing through some mountains in this state.
Answer: New York
[10] Pushkin's The Tale of the Golden Cockerel is based on a story found in Washington Irving's collection entitled "Tales from" this European fortress.
Answer: Alhambra
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In one painting by this artist, the title figure grieves as the corpses of his rebellious sons, whom the title figure had earlier sentenced to death, are brought to his yard. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this painter of The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons. This man's students included Francois Gerard and Antoine Jean-Gros.
Answer: Jacques-Louis David
[10] Name this 1793 painting depicting the aftermath of a certain action performed by Charlotte Corday.
Answer: The Death of Marat [or La mort de Marat]
[10] In addition to a sketch of the Tennis Court Oath, David created this painting of three men making an oath of loyalty to the Roman republic.
Answer: The Oath of the Horatii [or Le serment des Horaces]
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Answer the following about a part of the brain for 10 points each.,
[10] The subject of split-brain research, this is the bundle of connective fibers that links the two hemispheres of the cerebrum.
Answer: corpus callosum
[10] This man, who won the 1981 Medicine Nobel with Hubel and Wieser, pioneered split-brain research to study lateral brain function. His 1994 death may have been associated with the kuru he acquired from his brain research.
Answer: Roger Wolcott Sperry
[10] The severing of the corpus callosum can reduce the effects of one form of this disorder, which is more typically treated with diazepam. Its symptoms include seizures.
Answer: epilepsy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of his theories held that birth order was a significant determining factor in personality. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Austrian psychologist who broke with Freud in 1911 and started the Society of Individual Psychology.
Answer: Alfred Adler
[10] Adler pioneered the study of this condition in which an individual develops abnormal and inadequate methods of compensating for deficiencies. Examples include the Napoleon complex and a broader version sometimes known as cultural cringe.
Answer: inferiority complex
[10] Adler used this word to describe one parenting style, the opposite of pampering. It occurs when a caregiver fails to provide adequately for a child's basic needs.
Answer: neglect
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For 10 points each, identify each of the following concerning a historian and his works.,
[10] A friend and admirer of the Younger Cyrus, he composed a biographical memoir of Cyrus' youth, his Cyropaedia. Another major work is his history, Hellenika, which picks up directly where Thucydides left off.
Answer: Xenophon
[10] Xenophon is best known for this work which chronicles Cyrus the Younger's expedition to Persia to overthrow his brother Artaxerxes II, which Xenophon accompanied. After Cyrus was killed in ambush at Cumaxa, it falls to Xenophon to lead the mercenary army, called the Ten Thousand, home to Athens.
Answer: Anabasis or The March Upcountry
[10] Another of Xenophon's claims to fame is his authorship of several Memorabilia of this man, including an Apology, which are the only extant primary source on this man except for the writings of his disciple Plato.
Answer: Socrates
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Like granite, it is formed mostly of silicates, but unlike granite, it is formed extrusively. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this mafic rock with composition similar to gabbro. It is identified with seafloor spreading, and lavas composed of it include pahoehoe and a'a.
Answer: basalt
[10] Basalt is an example of this general class of rocks that participate in the rock cycle along with sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Their creation can be divided into intrusive and extrusive classes, but all are formed from the cooling of lava or magma.
Answer: igneous rocks
[10] This common igneous rock is a volcanic glass formed when water rapidly cools rhyolitic lava. It has been used to make arrowheads and scalpel blades.
Answer: obsidian

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_v7otjth9127osfjf68qo0pp1q5, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0