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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 ACF Fall Tossups by Maryland A
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This figure is overcome with humility upon reaching Vulture Peak as it reminds him of his birth on the "Mountain of Flowers and Fruit." This figure's most famous accessory can grow or shrink to any size, and his more notable abilities include seeing evil auras and performing "cloud somersaults." He spends time being cooked in a cauldron for 49 days and buried under a giant mountain, but on his most famous endeavor, he is joined by two other divine troublemakers with names usually translated as "Pigsy" and "Sandy." Together, they assist Xuanzang in returning the sutras from India. FTP, identify this simian badass who provides an alternate title to Wu Cheng-en's Journey to the West.
Answer: Sun Wukong [or The Monkey King]
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This author collaborated with Gene Weltfish to support human equality and bash fascism in "The Races of Mankind." This anthropologist described the Pueblo culture of New Mexico and the Dobu culture of New Guinea and argued that morality is relative to unique cultural values in Patterns of Culture. The most famous work of this author contrasts the "guilt culture" of a the West with the "shame culture" of a certain nation and stemmed from research during World War II. FTP, name identify this anthropologist, who wrote about imperial Japan in The Chrysanthemum and the Sword.
Answer: Ruth Benedict or Ruth Fulton
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Among his works for solo organ are Three Rhapsodies on Breton Melodies, and he wrote two cello concertos, Op. 33 in A minor and Op. 119 in D minor. His symphonic poems include La jeunesse d'Hercule and Le rouet d'Omphale. His most famous opera features the aria "Mon coeur s'ouvre a ta voix" and a famous bacchanal. Another of his works contains a movement which quotes Rossini's "Una voce poco fa," Fossils, as well as ones entitled Aquarium, Pianists, and The Swan. FTP, identify this French composer of Samson and Delilah, the Organ Symphony, and The Carnival of the Animals.
Answer: Camille Saint-Saens
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The most direct way to understand this concept in lambda calculus is via the fixed-point operator. The general form of this property is synonymous with computability; the Ackerman function has the general form of this property, but not the primitive kind. The McCarthy 91 Function makes calls of this kind if its input is less than 100. Because any positive integer factorial can easily be stated as the integer times the next-lowest integer factorial, many implementations of the factorial function have this property. FTP, name this property of algorithms that call themselves, that is often contrasted with iterativeness.
Answer: recursiveness [accept word forms like recursive]
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He once won a fight with the god of death over who was to give water to Ajamila, and he towed a boat to Mount Himavan to save a man from a flood. He once stopped the demon Hiaranyaksha from pushing the world under the sea, and he will appear as a warrior riding a white horse at the end of the Kali Yuga. The goddess of Wealth lives in his torso, and his other consorts include the goddesses of earth and devotion, Bhuavevi and Neeladvi. Riding the son of Kashyap, the giant bird Garuda, this god has appeared as fish, a dwarf, or a man with an axe. FTP, name this Hindu preserver god who forms the trimurti with Brahma and Shiva and whose avatars include Rama and Krishna.
Answer: Vishnu
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The author of the "Letter on the Boukman Rebellion," this man delivered one of his most famous speeches upon taking Port Republican and Fort Bizoton. His conflict with Thomas Maitland prompted a reliance on the brutal policies of Andre Rigaud, and he destroyed infrastructure in a feud with the extremist Sonthonax. Eventually captured by Charles LeClerc, Napoleon's brother-in-law, this man was then succeeded by Jean-Jaques Dessalines, who changed the name of the country this man founded from Saint-Domingue. FTP, identify this leader of the only successful slave revolt in history and father of Haitian independence.
Answer: Francois-Dominique Toussaint Louverture
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The belief that this object is shrinking is suggested by Jacobs' model, which can be used to estimate its age. Posited by Inge Lehmann, this region is relatively depleted of light elements, which makes the region above it buoyant. It apparently undergoes either super- or sub-rotation, and its resistivity is anomalously high per Cowling's theorem, which deals with the dynamo mechanism that operates here. It is mostly comprised of a nickel-iron alloy. FTP, name this liquid region about 1200 km in radius at the very center of the earth.
Answer: the liquid inner core [accept liquid core or inner core; do not accept or prompt on "core"]
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The speaker laments that he has not skill in speech, and he wonders how he "could have made [his] will quite clear" while referencing someone who had "exceed[ed] the mark." The title figure is described as possessing a "half-faint flush that dies along her throat" and "a spot of joy," though her "heart too soon made glad" caused the speaker to "give commands," upon which "all smiles stopped together." This monologue ends with the speaker directing attention to Claus of Innsbruck's bronze statue of Neptune, away from Fra Pandolf's painting of the title woman. FTP, identify this poem about the murdered wife of the Duke of Ferrara, written by Robert Browning.
Answer: "My Last Duchess"
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A 2004 amendment to this legislation expanded its scope to cover so-called "lone wolves." The eleven member regulatory body established by it is appointed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and three of that court's members must live within 20 miles of Washington, D.C. in part to be able to issue rulings within 72 hours. Its provisions are divided between U.S. and non-U.S. persons, and the recent Protect America Act largely followed Bush's request to make it less restrictive on overseas surveillance. FTP, name this 1978 act of Congress that provides guidelines on physical and electronic surveillance.
Answer: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978
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All members of this class force macrophages to form multinucleated giant cells with inclusion bodies. This group includes the most common viral cause of mental retardation and another member that can lead to Burkitt's lymphoma. The most renowned characteristic of these viruses is their ability to enter a latent state and reactivate, as demonstrated by the aforementioned cytalomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr, and Varicella-Zoster, which causes shingles. FTP, name this class of DNA viruses whose members can cause mono, chicken pox, and the namesake sexually transmitted disease.
Answer: herpesviridae [or herpesviruses; prompt on "herpes"]
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This former State Comptroller lost an election to Silas Wright for governor in 1844. His Cabinet included a Secretary of the Interior who served for just 11 days, Thomas McKennan, failed compromiser John Crittenden as Attorney General, and notorious windbag Edward Everett as Secretary of State. In foreign policy, his only accomplishment of note was the deployment of Commodore Peary. On the domestic front, he oversaw the passage of the Compromise of 1850. He only carried Maryland as the Know-Nothing presidential candidate after serving as the last Whig in the White House. FTP, name this man who succeeded to the presidency on the death of Zachary Taylor.
Answer: Millard Fillmore
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One of the characters in this film briefly agrees to marry Diz Moore, later asking him if he likes her first name of Clarissa. At one point the title character, an "honorary stooge" taking the place of the deceased Sam Foley, goes on a rampage and punches many of the reporters present at his earlier press conference. In another scene, Chick McGann's reaction to the words "Willet Creek" is correctly predicted by the secretary Saunders. Climaxing with Joseph Paine attempting suicide and then confessing his corruption after a marathon filibuster, FTP, identify this 1939 Frank Capra film about a certain senator played by James Stewart.
Answer: Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
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After centuries of revolts, such as the Thokoly Uprising, limited autonomy for what is now this country was guaranteed in the Augsleich.This country's Nazi puppet government was led by the Arrow Cross Party, and in 1919 it was briefly led by the Soviet-style government of Bela Kun. Much of its territory was lost in the Treaty of Trianon, and under Imre Nagy (NAJ), this nation made a failed attempt to leave the Warsaw Pact in 1956. The medieval ancestor of this modern-day country was founded by Stephen I, leader of the Magyars. FTP, name this country which was nominally joined with Austria before World War I.
Answer: Hungary or Magyarorszag
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These can be synthesized by ozonolysis of an alkene with a vinylic hydrogen or by treating an ester with sodium aluminum hydride. Blue copper sulfate is reduced to a red-colored copper oxide when these compounds are present in the Benedict Test. Treatment with Tollens' reagent converts them into carboxylic acids. Classically deriving from the dehydrogenation of alcohols, FTP, name these organic compounds which end in a terminal carbonyl group.
Answer: aldehydes [prompt on "formyls" or "methanoyls"]
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One of them depicts soldiers aiming at a group on horseback while two flying figures point towards an anvil-shaped rock and is titled Asmodea. Others depict two old people eating, a mostly submerged dog, and two elderly monks. Fantastic Vision and Fight with Cudgels are two of the most uncharacteristic, and one of the most famous depicts a shadowy, horned figure surrounded by a group of women, The Witches Sabbath. This collections appears on the walls of the "Deaf Man's Villa." FTP, identify this series of paintings that contains Saturn Devouring his Sons, a set of Francisco Goya works named for their uniform use of a certain dark color.
Answer: The Black Paintings or las pinturas negras
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Near the end of this work, the protagonist is told "not to seek to be master in everything", while earlier that same character's wisdom is questioned, when a character accused of treason declares, "If you think obstinacy without wisdom/ a valuable possession, you are wrong". A messenger informs the title character of Polybus's death, confirming the fears of that man's wife, who departs, imploring that a "God keep you from the knowledge of who you are". We learn of his wife's death after the title character has also fled, learning the truth about Tieresias's claims about the murderer of Laius. FTP, name this work by Sophocles, which concludes with the protagonist blinding himself for his crimes of parricide and incest.
Answer: Oedipus Rex or Oedipus the King or Oedipus Tyrannos
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He was cited, at the age of 79, as a respondent in a divorce case, and the Times of London took to calling him "Lord Cupid" for his notorious womanizing ways. As Prime Minister, he had to deal with incidents involving the Arrow and the Trent and he oversaw both the Second Opium War and the Sepoy Mutiny. As Foreign Secretary, he had supported Don Pacifico's claims in Greece. His premiership also saw the transfer of control of the British East India Company to the Crown and the rebuffing of Confederate attempts at an alliance. FTP, name this noted nationalist who was Prime Minister of England during the American Civil War.
Answer: Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston [accept either]
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Two of this man's works, The Cabal of Hypocrites and Life of Monsieur de Moliere, were inspired by the French Royal court, and he took inspiration from a native countryman to write Chichikov's Adventures. His ridiculous theatrical works include Flight and a work about Ivan the Terrible's time-traveling adventures, Ivan Vasilievich. He documented the Turbin family during the revolution in The White Guard, while he created the characters Sharik, who undergoes a transformative operation, and Behemoth, a monstrous black cat that serves Woland, the devil, in two other novels. FTP, identify this Russian author of Heart of a Dog and The Master and Margarita.
Answer: Mikhail Bulgakov
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This city is home to the Pedra Branca State Park and the Tijuca Forest; it is served by Santos Dumont Airport and the more international Galeao Airport on Governador Island. Its neighborhoods include Leblon and Gavea and the suburbs of Neves and Niteroi. Its sights include the modernist Petrobras Building and Corcovado Mountain which contains a massive statue of Christ the Redeemer, as well as a peninsula overlooking Guanabara Bay which has been dubbed Sugar Loaf Mountain. Also home to Ipanema and Copacabana, FTP, name this second largest city in Brazil after Sao Paulo.
Answer: Rio de Janeiro
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In the phase spaces of continuum Newtonian systems, transitions to this behavior occur at Hopf bifurcations. Important length and time scales for this phenomenon vary as the negative one-forth and negative one-half of the specific power dissipation; those scales and a one-thirds power law governing it in the mean are named for Kolmogorov. The Reynolds time-averaging theorem was created to allow valid physical laws in the presence of this behavior, in spite of its chaotic nature. FTP, name this type of flow which occurs in general at high values of the Reynolds number.
Answer: turbulence [or turbulent flow; prompt on "quasi-chaos" or word forms thereof]
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Many of its provisions had earlier been suggested in the Treaty of Nerac and the "Peace of Monsieur." Protests over royal activities in the newly acquired territory of Bearn resulted in the revocation of many of its guarantees, including special defenses for the city of La Rochelle. It was finally revoked, in the Declaration of Fontainbleau, by Louis XIV in 1685, eighty-seven years after it was issued in a namesake Breton city. FTP, name this proclamation of Henri IV that accorded religious toleration to the Huguenots.
Answer: Edict of Nantes
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In one of his short stories, Babe Gladwaller is bitten by a red ant in a German foxhole. In another, a graduate student nicknamed "The Chief" tells the Comanche Club stories about a horrifyingly deformed Chinese bandit. In addition to "A Boy in France" and "The Laughing Man," he wrote about a family of gifted children featured on the radio quiz program "It's a Wise Child" in Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters. Sybil learns about the title aquatic creatures in his story ending with the suicide of Seymour Glass, "A Perfect Day for Bananafish." FTP, name this author of Nine Stories and Franny and Zooey who created the phony-hating Holden Caulfield in The Catcher in the Rye.
Answer: Jerome David Salinger
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One work by this philosopher, addressed to an anonymous "Honoured Sir," argues that the government should not enforce religious views. Another work argues that Christian doctrine and rational philosophy are compatible. In addition to A Letter Concerning Toleration and The Reasonableness of Christianity, he wrote a refutation of Robert Filmer that is the first of a pair of works defending the ascension of William of Orange, and Book I of another work attacks the idea of innate knowledge, positing the tabula rasa model of the mind. FTP, author of Two Treatises on Government and An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, who supported the right to life, liberty, and property.
Answer: John Locke
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In the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, this deity aids Leto in finding a location for the birth, but prevents Leto from delivering on an island in the Callimachean hymn. In keeping with a theme involving satyrs, Peisitaerus threatens her with rape in a play by Aristophanes. When the Olympians make binding oaths on the Styx, this goddess is responsible for bringing the holy water by which they swear. According to Hesiod, she is the daughter of Thaumas and the nymph Electra, and her sisters included the Harpies and her twin Arkhe, whose iridescent wings contrasted with her own golden pair. Often serving Hera and depicted with a caduceus, this is, FTP, what divine messenger and wife of Zephirus, the deification of the rainbow?
Answer: Iris
 
2007 ACF Fall Bonuses by Maryland A
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Answer the following about a South Asian empire FTPE.,
[10] With its capital at Paliputra, some of this northern Indian empire's early leaders included Bindasura and Chandragupta.
Answer: the Mauryan Empire
[10] This son of Bindasura, whose views on social ethics can be found in the Major Rock and Pillar Edicts, became a pacifist after one of his many military campaigns.
Answer: Asoka or Ashoka
[10] Ashoka became a pacifist after the conquest of this eastern region, which was later the base of the Ganga Dynasty in the eleventh through fifteenth centuries.
Answer: Kalinga
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One of his brush drawings is Praying Hands. FTPE:,
[10] Name this German painter and engraver known for self-portraits, one of which depicts him wearing a red tassle.
Answer: Albrecht Durer
[10] This Durer woodcut depicts a starved cow, an hourglass with time running out, a gigantic truncated rhombohedron, and a disappointed cherub and angel.
Answer: Melancholia I
[10] This Durer woodcut depicts the titular figures riding forth from the clouds to trample a bunch of peasants, a clear allegory to the playing style of Charles Meigs.
Answer: The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
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The Early Palatial Period saw the construction of this culture's first major complexes at Knossos, Phaistos, and elsewhere. FTPE:,
[10] Name this civilization of Crete and the Cycladic islands, which was discovered and named by Sir Arthur Evans for a mythical king of Crete.
Answer: Minoan Civilization
[10] The earliest Minoan Pictographic script was succeeded by this as yet undeciphered script dating from the Early Palatial Period. This script was in turn supplanted by a writing system which Michael Ventris did manage to decode.
Answer: Linear A
[10] A noted fresco in Knossos depicts this Minoan sport or ritual, in which a man used one of three techniques, possibly including the grasping of horns for leverage, to propel himself through the air to safety.
Answer: bull-leaping [accept clear-knowledge equivalents]
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Identify these things relating to a certain architectural work FTPE.,
[10] Jean Tijou created the wrought iron decorations of the choir in this building, and Grinling Gibbons sculpted its bishop's throne. This London building may best known for its dome resting on top of the Whispering Gallery.
Answer: Saint Paul's Cathedral
[10] This extremely influential English architect designed St. Paul's Cathedral as well as some 52 other London churches after the Great London Fire.
Answer: Sir Christopher Wren
[10] Before the Great Fire destroyed the Old Cathedral, this other architect, responsible for the Queen's Chapel and the Queen's House in Greenwich, worked on renovating the deteriorating building.
Answer: Inigo Jones
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It was carried out at Johns Hopkins, and the experimenter's assistant Rosalie Rayner later married him. FTPE:,
[10] Name this experiment in which a psychologist trained the namesake infant to be afraid of furry objects.
Answer: the Little Albert experiment
[10] This psychologist and later advertising maven for the J. Walter Thompson agency carried out the Little Albert experiment.
Answer: John Broadus Watson
[10] Watson was greatly inspired to study classical conditioning by the work of this dog-training psychologist.
Answer: Ivan Petrovich Pavlov
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She is worshipped at the Grand Shrine of the Ise and was placed in Heaven before her brother, Tsuki-yumi. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Japanese sun goddess, who is considered the ancestor of the Japanese imperial line.
Answer: Amaterasu
[10] The brother of Amaterasu, this sea and storm god was spawned from the cleansing Izanagi's nose. He once angered Amaterasu, causing her to withdraw into a cave, before Ame no Uzume drew her out with her laughter.
Answer: Susanoo
[10] Amaterasu and Susanoo are deities or kami in the pantheon of this Japanese state religion.
Answer: shintoism
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If you think geography is for the birds, this bonus is for you. FTPE:,
[10] You might enjoy hunting or fishing in the Duck Mountains in this Canadian Province; the Nelson and Churchill Rivers drain into Hudson Bay in this central province.
Answer: Manitoba
[10] Swan River is both a town in Manitoba and a real river in Australia which flows through this capital city of Western Australia very near Fremantle.
Answer: Perth
[10] This bay indents southern Massachusetts and separates the Elizabeth Islands and Cape Cod from the mainland which features the port of New Bedford.
Answer: Buzzards Bay
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This operator operating on a scalar function returns a vector the direction of which is the direction of greatest change and the magnitude of which is the rate of greatest change. FTPE:,
[10] Name this vector calculus operator which returns zero at local minima or maxima.
Answer: the gradient (accept del or nabla)
[10] The use of the gradient to find extrema of functions is susceptible to error due to the existence of these types of stationary points, at which the function is maximal in some directions and minimal in others.
Answer: saddle points
[10] The gradient can be used to extremize a function f subject to a constraint g = 0 by setting grad f equal to minus lambda grad g. Lambda is then this type of mathematical object, a scalar named for an Italo-French mathematician.
Answer: a Lagrange multiplier [prompt on partial answer]
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After his relegation to Tomis on the Black Sea, he authored an attack poem, Ibis, as well as his Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Roman poet, who is also known for such works as the Ars Amatoria, which many believe caused some of his trouble with Augustus.
Answer: Publius Ovidius Naso or Ovid
[10] Ovid is best known for this lengthy epic about the transformations of various figures from mythology. It marked the poet's only foray into dactylic hexameter and was published shortly after his relegation.
Answer: Metamorphoses
[10] Left only half finished at the time of his relegation, this work, inspired by Callimachus's Aetia was a poem dedicated to the Roman calendar and religious festivals.
Answer: Fasti
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Identify these composers from Russia, FTPE.,
[10] One of the members of The Five, he wrote Scheherazade and the opera The Tale of Tsar Saltan, which contains his famous "Flight of the Bumblebee."
Answer: Nikolai Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov
[10] Collaborating with Sergei Eisenstein on the film Alexander Nevsky, this composer is also known for his ballet Romeo and Juliet and his Lieutenant Kije suite.
Answer: Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
[10] He composed many preludes and etudes for piano, as well as Vers la flamme and piano sonatas known as White Mass and Black Mass.
Answer: Alexander Scriabin
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Identify the following figures connected with Watergate, FTPE:,
[10] Nicknamed "The Brush," this White House Chief of Staff was later sentenced to 18 months in jail for conspiracy and obstruction of justice.
Answer: Harry Robbins "Bob" Haldeman
[10] The 18-minute gap in the tapes of a conversation between Nixon and Haldeman was apparently due to the actions of this secretary, who "accidentally" erased them.
Answer: Rose Mary Woods
[10] After both Elliot Richardson and William Ruckelshaus resigned rather than dispensing their duties during the Saturday Night Massacre, it fell upon this Solictor General to fire Archibald Cox. He was later denied a Supreme Court seat in 1987 hearings that have made his name a verb.
Answer: Robert Heron Bork
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Identify these literary schools FTPE.,
[10] A reaction to Spain's disastrous defeat in the namesake year, this group, which included Pio Baroja, Antonio Machado, and Jose Ortega y Gasset, attempted to revitalize the Spanish intellectual identity.
Answer: Generation of `98 [or Generacion de `98]
[10] Samuel Johnson first applied this term in his Life of Cowley to a group of poets that included Andrew Marvell, George Herbert, and John Donne.
Answer: Metaphysical Poets
[10] This British group, which included a subset known as the "New University Wits," counted Kingsley Amis, Phillip Larkin, Harold Pinter, and Alan Sillitoe among its members. It derives its name from a John Osbourne play.
Answer: Angry Young Men
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It is a diffuse, supersonic stream of mostly ionized hydrogen plasma and its interactions in the upper atmosphere produce such phenomena as the Van Allen belts and aurorae. FTPE:,
[10] Name this phenomenon that extends radially from the sun and was modeled by Eugene Parker.
Answer: the solar wind
[10] The solar wind's velocity vanishes at this interface, roughly the boundary of the solar system. It is over 85 AU from the sun in the ecliptic.
Answer: the heliopause
[10] The solar wind produces ones of these called bow [bough] ones at planetary magnetospheres. The termination one occurs where the solar wind becomes subsonic and was crossed by Voyager 1 in 2005.
Answer: shocks or shock waves
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The protagonist resolves to spend his life adapting ragtime into classical music before witnessing a man being burned alive in the South. FTPE.,
[10] Name this novel that ends with the title character marrying a white woman and abandoning his race.
Answer: The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man
[10] This author of The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man related his actual memoirs in Along This Way. He also wrote "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing" and God's Trombones.
Answer: James Weldon Johnson
[10] Along with authors like Claude McKay and Countee Cullen, Johnson was associated with this literary movement named for a New York neighborhood.
Answer: the Harlem Renaissance
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The standard form of this law is n lambda equals two d sine theta, where n is an integer, lambda is the wavelength, d is the lattice spacing, and theta is the scattering angle. FTPE:,
[10] Name this important law in crystallography used to predict the maxima locations in the pattern that results when a beam is shined on a crystal.
Answer: Bragg's law (of diffraction) [Editor's note: do not say "diffraction" when giving the answer]
[10] The maxima predicted by Bragg's law result from this wave property, the tendency of waves to bend or spread around apertures.
Answer: diffraction
[10] Bragg diffraction patterns can be used to directly determine this mathematical construct useful for studying crystals. If R is a vector to an atom in the crystal, then this is the set of vectors K such that R dot K is an integer multiple of two pi.
Answer: the reciprocal-space lattice [prompt on "dual lattice"; do not accept or prompt on "lattice", which is used exclusively to refer to the real-space lattice]
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FTPE, identify these substances important in the views of different pre-Socratic philosophers.,
[10] In Anaximander's philosophy, this "infinite" was the first principle and consisted of an immutable mass of energy derived from opposing forces.
Answer: Apeiron
[10] Anaxagoras referred to this as the principle agent in the organization and operation of the universe. It is a common Greek word referring to the mind or its reasoning and thinking processes.
Answer: Nous
[10] Due to his belief in the flux of life, Heraclitus argued that this member of the four elements was the base of the universe, contrasting with Thales of Miletus, who favored water.
Answer: fire
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Identify the following concerning the anatomy of plants FTPE.,
[10] Flanked by two guard cells, these pores on the undersides of leaves can be closed during the dry seasons to prevent water loss, and they also function in gas exchange.
Answer: stomata
[10] Made up of "vascular" bundles, this plant tissue is acts primarily via transpirational pull and serves to transport water throughout the plant.
Answer: xylem
[10] Composed of the radial and lateral walls of a plant's endodermis, this structure serves to block the passive flow of salts, water, and nutrients into the stele.
Answer: Casparian strip
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Identify the following about a certain colonial meeting, FTPE:,
[10] This 1765 meeting was called to protest a piece of legislation which required a tax certification to be displayed on newspapers, licenses, and playing cards.
Answer: Stamp Act Congress
[10] This Delaware native attended the Stamp Act Congress and later made a much-ballyhooed ride to Philadelphia to cast a deciding vote in the Continental Congress.
Answer: Caesar Rodney
[10] After the repeal of the Stamp Act, this series of acts named for the Chancellor of the Exchequer, that taxed selected imported goods and established three new vice-admiralty courts in the colonies, was passed by Parliament in 1767.
Answer: Townshend Acts
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It begins with a prologue delivered by Machevill, and climaxes with the Turkish army invading the title city. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 16th-century play which ends with the title character dying after Ferenze causes him to fall into a boiling cauldron.
Answer: The Jew of Malta
[10] This English author wrote The Jew of Malta, as well as The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus and "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love."
Answer: Christopher Marlowe
[10] This wealthy merchant is the title character of The Jew of Malta.
Answer: Barabas
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One of the title characters in this work begins a relationship with Mario, a radio journalist for Radio Panamerica. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1977 novel in which Pedro Camacho, the other title character, enters an insane asylum after killing off the main characters in his soap operas.
Answer: Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter [accept La tia Julia y el escribidor]
[10] Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter was written by this Peruvian writer of such works as The Green House, Conversation in the Cathedral, and The Time of the Hero.
Answer: Mario Vargas Llosa
[10] Vargas Llosa collaborated on La novela en America Latina with this Colombian writer, who penned The Autumn of the Patriarch, No One Writes to the Colonel, and Love in the Time of Cholera.
Answer: Gabriel Garcia Marquez
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Name some of these prophets from the Old Testament, FTPE.,
[10] What to do when it's getting dark on the battlefield at Gibeon? How about asking God to make the sun stand still, like this successor of Moses did in his eponymous book. He also conquered Jericho as he led the Israelites into Canaan.
Answer: Joshua
[10] Sure it's easy to prophesy the downfall of Jerusalem, but this prophet, who came to prominence during the reign of Josiah, actually lived to see the city fall to Nebuchadnezzar II, albeit from a Babylonian prison. He is traditionally ascribed with the authorship of Lamentations as well.
Answer: Jeremiah
[10] Known for his use of dialectic, this prophet, whose name means "my messenger" in Hebrew, has the honor of being the namesake of the last book of the Old Testament in the Christian ordering system.
Answer: Malachi [or Malachias]
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Answer some questions about a certain chemical reaction FTPE.,
[10] By combining hydrogen and nitrogen in the presence of an iron, this reaction can create massive amounts of ammonia.
Answer: Haber-Bosch synthetic ammonia process
[10] The specialized Haber Process is necessary to produce ammonia because molecular nitrogen is bound by this strong covalent interaction, which is a distinguishing feature of alkynes.
Answer: a triple bond
[10] In this related chemical process, ammonia derived from the Haber Process is oxidized in air with a platinum to form nitrogen dioxide, which then is converted to nitric acid when absorbed in water.
Answer: Ostwald Process
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Identify some things about in England, FTPE:,
[10] Led by William Lovett, this 19th century reform group sought to have Parliament ratify a namesake document that called for universal male suffrage, among other provisions.
Answer: the Chartists
[10] The central issue of Chartism was the extension of this right to all adule males.
Answer: the right to vote [accept equivalents like suffrage]
[10] Chartist disturbances were in some ways similar to those due to this much earlier group. John Ball of Peasant's Revolt fame is sometimes connected to this primarily religious group whose beliefs were based on the theology of John Wycliffe and whose name refers to an archaic word for having religious conversations in the street.
Answer: the Lollards

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