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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 ACF Fall Tossups by Maryland A
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One of this man's colleagues was a son of Gesco who bore the same name as he, and who married his daughter Sophoniba to the Numidian king Massinissa. This man left the front lines to deal with the rebellion of Syphax and left Mago in charge of his sphere of responsibility in modern Spain. After his fleet was destroyed at Tarraco, he resumed his ground campaign, fighting unsuccessfully at Dertosa after putting down an uprising of the Turdetani. He lost at Baecula but was responsible for victory at Upper Baetis, which killed the elder generation of Scipios. However, he met a final defeat at the Metauras River, after which Gaius Claudius Nero ordered this man's head thrown into his brother's camp. FTP, name this Carthaginian general in the Second Punic War who was the second son of Hamilcar Barca and the brother of Hannibal.
Answer: Hasdrubal Barca
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One character in this work loses three fingers after his secret love affair is revealed by Count Jean de Satigny. Another character performs an abortion on his brother's girlfriend Amanda, whose socialist brother loves Alba. At the Red Lantern brothel one of the main characters meets Transito Soto, who uses her influence to free his granddaughter from jail. The main character is traumatized by a rug made from the hide of her dead dog gifted her by her husband, who was formerly engaged to her green-haired sister. She was mute for the nine years following Rosa's death, after which she foretold her marriage to Esteban Trueba at age 19. FTP name this novel about the family of Clara del Valle by Isabel Allende.
Answer: The House of the Spirits or La Casa de los Spiritos
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He began to compose a cantata in 1863 which was based on a dramatic poem by Goethe, and is named for a knight who becomes enchanted by the witch Armida. He adapted the theme from the Presto section of the Choral Symphony for the final movement of his first symphony, which took him fifteen years to complete. One of his most famous works was written for the newly born son of his friend Bertha Faber, while he combined a full chorus, solo voices, and an orchestra with texts from the Lutheran Bible for his great choral work, the German Requiem. FTP, identify this Romantic composer from Austria, best known for variations on themes from Haydn and Handel, the Academic Festival Overture, and for his Lullaby.
Answer: Johannes Brahms
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In the early nineteenth century, it was ruled by Emir Bashir II, while in the twentieth, it has been dominated by the system known as "confessional politics." Events in the 1980s here included the Damour massacre and the Sabra and Shatila massacres, which were investigated by another country's Kahan Commission. It was the site of a 1958 U.S. Marine landing in support of the Eisenhower doctrine, and was a French mandate territory following World War I, leading to preferential treatment for the Maronite Christian minority. More recently, the kidnapping of Omar Souad, Adi Avitan, and Binyamin Avraham resulted in an invasion of it, targeting Hassan Nasrallah. FTP, Israel recently signed a cease-fire with what country, the home of Hezbollah?
Answer: Lebanon [or Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah]
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In one of this author's works, the feminist Bertha attempts to humiliate her artist husband with the help of Abel. The arrival of Eleonora helps to redeem the Heyst family in a play set on a certain holiday. The Baron and Baroness Sprengel are featured in a one-act play in sixteen scenes known as The Link, while in a more famous work Captain Adolf is taken to an insane asylum due to the machinations of his scheming wife Laura. The student Arkenholz is the protagonist of a work which, along with After the Fire, Pelican, and The Storm makes up his series of Chamber Plays. His better known characters include the writer Arvid Falk in The Red Room and a titular girl who seduces and makes a suicide pact with the valet Jean. FTP name this author of Miss Julie.
Answer: August Strindberg
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The fourth movement is in G sharp minor and features an alto saxophone melody over a drone ostinato in 6/8 time, which represents a minstrel playing a mandolin. A later movement uses a tenor tuba solo to depict some animals pulling a wagon. In addition to "The Old Castle" and "Cattle," this composition includes "The Catacombs" and "Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks," which is preceded by a Promenade. A stately procession through a never built Ukrainian structure was the inspiration for the last movement, entitled "The Great Gate of Kiev." FTP, name this suite famously orchestrated by Maurice Ravel, based on some art works of Viktor Hartmann and composed by Modest Mussorgsky.
Answer: Pictures at an Exhibition
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This principle is invoked in a term in the Weizsaecker Formula for determining the binding energy of nuclei, and the related liquid drop model utilizes a consequence of this that favors nuclei with even numbers of protons and neutrons. It explains the formation of neutron stars through degeneracy, and it leads to the formation of a "Fermi sea" at absolute zero. Symmetric wave functions are not governed by this principle, but the anti-symmetric wave functions of spin one-half particles are. FTP name this principle that says no two fermions can occupy the same quantum state simultaneously.
Answer: Pauli exclusion principle
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This man's biographers include Joseph Dorfman and J.P. Diggin, who called him "The Bard of Savagery." Early in his career this man wrote an article on "The Barbarian Status of Women," and he was the original translator of Ferdinand Lasalle's Science and the Workingmen. Longer works include The Instict of Workmanship and The Place of Science in Modern Civilization, and along with Charles Beard and John Dewey he founded the New School for Social Research. Best known for a work containing a section on the fur trade, this is, FTP, what economist, who coined the term `conspicuous consumption" in his The Theory of the Leisure Class?
Answer: Thorstein Veblen
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It was founded by two brothers named Forrest and Leroy, who originally wanted to name this establishment Big Tex. First opened in 1964 in Ohio, this company is sometimes located together with a T.J. Cinnamons. On the episode of Seinfeld entitled "The Dealership", Elaine and Puddy make a deal to only go to this restaurant once a month. Specialty items here include Jalapeno Bites, Jamocha milkshakes, and Market Fresh sandwiches. The voice of Tom Arnold can be heard in its commercials featuring a talking Oven Mitt. FTP, name this fast-food restaurant noted for their curly fries and roast beef sandwiches.
Answer: Arby's
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Republican National Committee chairman John Hamilton warned that workers would be forced to wear dog tags after the passage of this act, whose goal was similar to the Ham and Eggs movement and the Bigelow plan. Its constitutionality was upheld by Steward Machine Co. v Davis in 1937. Amended in 1972 to include automatic cost-of-living adjustments, it was partially inspired by the Townsend Plan, which proposed a national two percent sales tax to pay for guaranteed monthly pensions. FTP, name this 1935 act which established national retirement benefits to people over the age of 65.s
Answer: Social Security Act
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This former chairman of the Banobras campaigned on a promise to implement life prison sentences for kidnapping. He defeated Santiago Creel in the primary and went on to a debate, where he denied allegations that, as the Secretary of Energy, he gave contracts to the Hildebrando Company which his brother-in-law founded. He met his wife, Margarita Zavala, after succeeding his father as chairman of the National Action Party, and the Federal Election Tribunal eventually certified his victory in the general contest, allowing him to succeed Vicente Fox. FTP, identify this man elected to a six year term over Andres Lopez Obrador in 2006, the new president of Mexico.
Answer: Felipe de Jesus Calderon Hinojosa
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Like other Dromaeosaurids, it had a large brain for its body size, and it inhabited hot, dry ecosystems about 80 million years ago during the late Cretaceous period. The fossil remains of one were found with a Protoceratops, as they had killed each other in battle. There is only one recognized species of it, V. mongoliensis, named for its discovery in central Asia. About two meters long, current theory suggests it may have been covered with feathers, and it had a sickle-like, 9 centimeter retractable claw on the middle toe of each foot. A bipedal dinosaur that may have hunted in packs with a name meaning "swift robber," FTP identify this dinosaur made famous by Michael Crichton's Jurassic Park.
Answer: Velociraptor
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In 1442, the Council of Florence ordered an end to this practice. Early Israelites performed this action at Gilgal, but Paul stated it was not necessary for converts. A Christian feast with this name occurs on January 1st, and Elijah is considered the patron of this act, which Joshua performed with rocks before entering the Promised Land. Abraham performed this act when he was ninety-nine, and Ishamel was thirteen when he completed this act, which is the age Muslims perform it. In Judaism, it is performed by a Mohel on the eighth day after birth in a rite known as a bris. FTP, name this religious ceremony involving the removal of foreskin.
Answer: circumcision
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According to Johan Galtung, it can occur when there is a harmony of interest between the elites of the center and the periphery. It forms the title of a John Hobson work that attributes it to economic instead of nationalistic factors, while Lenin wrote that it developed from the inevitable rise of international monopolies, making it the "highest stage of capitalism." Marxist theorists often pinpoint it as the major cause of World War I, while its prevalence in the late 19th century caused China to be divided into spheres of influence. Defended by Rudyard Kipling as "The White Man's Burden," FTP name this practice whereby powerful nations exercise political or economic control over weaker ones.
Answer: imperialism
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In 1998, astronomers discovered Cha H-alpha 1, the first one of these objects to emit X-Rays. They can be difficult to identify because their diameters are often comparable to those of massive planets, although their density is much greater. Most of the known ones have been identified through the detection of lithium, which is not typically found in their larger counterparts. The first verified one, Teide 1, was found in 1995, fitting the classification of having a mass greater than 12 times that of Jupiter, the minimum mass for performing deuterium fusion. FTP, name these non-luminous sub-stellar objects that do not have a large enough mass to fuse hydrogen into helium, often known as "failed stars."
Answer: Brown Dwarfs
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This name was adopted by Kate Cunningham for a 1922 march on Washington demanding an end to the imprisonment of anti-war activists. Participants in an earlier event known by this name believed that the Mediterranean would dry up, while another mostly dispersed after delivering a letter to Philip Augustus. Led by Stephen the shepherd and Nicholas of Cologne, the two movements under this name ended when Innocent III released participants from their vows, and when most members were sold into slavery from Marseille. FTP, identify this event, often called the inspiration for the Pied Piper of Hamelin legend, which was a thirteenth-century attempt to recapture the Holy Land by young soldiers.
Answer: the Children's Crusades
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At one point in this novel a fat man recites a limerick about a lady who wished to be wild after delivering a racist polemic a against a porter named George. Minor characters include the bohemian widow of a paper-dealer, and Vergil Gunch, who entreats the protagonist to join the Good Citizens' league. The protagonist and his wife go on vacation to Maine after he rails on Zilla for abusing her husband, his best friend. His children include Verona and Ted, whom he advises to become a mechanic after Paul Riesling is incarcerated for shooting his wife. A proud possessor of a standardized home in Zenith, he returns to his wife Myra after she becomes ill and reforms his liberal ways. FTP, name this Sinclair Lewis novel whose title character is now synonymous with conformity.
Answer: Babbitt
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In the standard implementation of it, the worst case runtime occurs when the input data is already in the desired order. The recursive, partitioning nature of this algorithm makes it susceptible to boosts from parallelization. It can be optimized using in-place memory allocation to use only Big O of log n additional memory, and its worst case runtime can be avoided by picking a random element of the list to use when subdividing the list into smaller lists. FTP, identify this algorithm that operates by moving elements along a pivot that runs in big O of n log n time with a small constant, named for its speedy organization.
Answer: Quicksort
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In the Simmons-Smith reaction, these compounds react with iodomethyl zinc iodide to form cyclopropanes, and the same product can be formed by reacting them with a carbene. Treatment with mercury acetate in aqueous solvent followed by reduction leads to alcohol formation, as does reacting them with borane followed by treatment with hydrogen peroxide, the latter of which leads to the anti-Markovnikov product. Osmium tetraoxide adds to them to form diols, and they can be cleaved by ozone into two carbonyl containing compounds. Commonly formed from the dehydrohalogenation of an alkyl halide or dehydration of an alcohol, FTP name these organic compounds characterized by the presence of a carbon-carbon double bond.
Answer: alkenes [accept olefin]
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In Chaim Potok's The Chosen, Reuven compares Danny to this figure when he first visits him in the hospital. In one poem, this figure is "slow to smite and swift to spare/ Gentle and merciful and just!", while he is "not forced to frame excuses for his birth/ Fed from within by all the strength he needs" in a poem by James Russell Lowell. This person "came when days were perilous/And hearts of men were sore beguiled" in Edwin Arlington Robinson's poem "The Master." He "will not rest/ near the old courthouse pacing up and down," in a poem in which he "Walks at Midnight," while in a more famous poem, he has "fallen cold and dead" even though "the ship has weathered every rack/ The prize we sought is won." FTP, name this man who is twice referred to as "captain" in the title of an elegy by Walt Whitman, the 16th President of the United States.
Answer: Abraham Lincoln
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TB. In Aboriginal mythology, this role is fulfilled by Wurugag. In Sumerian myth, Adapa, the son of Ea, became this after refusing Anu's hospitality in heaven. The twin brother of Yami in Hindu myth, Yama, served as a judge of the dead after his stint in this position as well. In Norse myth, Ask became it after Odin, Ve and Vili provided him with wit, emotions, senses, speech and life. FTP, identify this role also held by Deucalion, a son of Prometheus, in Greek mythology and Adam in Western mythologies.
Answer: First man (accept equivalents, prompt on "first human")
 
2006 ACF Fall Bonuses by Maryland A
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She helped pioneer the hospice movement in the United States. FTPE:,
[10] Name this psychologist who theorized a five-stage response to grief.
Answer: Elizabeth Kubler-Ross
[10] According to Kubler-Ross, the stages of denial and anger are followed by this stage characterized by the terminally ill subject's wish to make a deal with a higher power in order to stave off death.
Answer: bargaining
[10] Kubler-Ross described "the fear of death" in this 1969 work, which also introduced her theory on the stages of grief.
Answer: On Death and Dying
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Name these things from Chinese philosophy, FTPE.,
[10] One half of a Taijitu features this positive, bright, and masculine symbol found in Chinese dualistic philosophy.
Answer: yang
[10] This philosophical school, originated by Han Fei, was the central philosophical ideal of the Qin Dynasty, and centered on the primacy of the rule of law.
Answer: Legalism
[10] Legalism flourished during this period, also called the Golden Age of Chinese thought. Occurring between the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, it is named for the large number of philosophical schools at the time.
Answer: Contention of a Hundred Schools of Thought
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It shows wealthy teenagers planning ridiculously extravagant parties and has featured such celebrity performers as Ciara, Three 6 Mafia and Sugarcult. FTPE:,
[10] Name this MTV reality show.
Answer: My Super Sweet 16
[10] Although originally designed for 16th birthday parties, the show has made some exceptions for these celebrations thrown for some Latinas on their fifteenth birthday.
Answer: quinceaneras [or quince; or Quince Anos]
[10] The show's theme song, titled "Sweet Sixteen", is sung by this female artist known for such songs as "Wake Up" and "Why Not"; the latter headlines the soundtrack for The Lizzie McGuire Movie, in which she played the title role.
Answer: Hilary Duff [prompt on partial answer]
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Identify these labels given to supporters of various American political parties, FTPE.,
[10] Coming from an Algonquian word for Great Chief, this term described Republicans who supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in the 1884 election.
Answer: Mugwumps
[10] Cleveland's opponent James Blaine led this faction of the Republican Party that campaigned for civil service reform after the numerous scandals of the Grant administration.
Answer: Half-Breeds
[10] This contingent of northern Peace Democrats favored a quick settlement with the Confederacy. Their nickname came from the pennies that some of their members wore as badges.
Answer: Copperheads
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It ends with one character rejecting the assimilationist George Murchison for Nigerian student Joseph Asagai. FTPE:,
[10] Name this drama about the Younger family.
Answer: A Raisin in the Sun
[10] This author of Les Blancs and To Be Young, Gifted, and Black wrote A Raisin in the Sun.
Answer: Lorraine Hansberry
[10] The title character of this Hansberry play is a Jewish newspaper owner who is accused of "ostrich-ism" by the intellectual Alton Scales.
Answer: The Sign in Sidney Brustein's Window
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His painting Golconda depicts men in bowler hats falling from the sky. FTPE:,
[10] Name this surrealist who also painted a man in a bowler with an apple hovering in front of his face in The Son of Man.
Answer: Rene Magritte
[10] In this Magritte painting, a mirror stands on top of a marble fireplace, which happens to contain a train emerging from it.
Answer: Time Transfixed
[10] Magritte may be best known for this painting of a realistically detailed pipe along with the words, "Ceci n'est pas une pipe," or "This is not a pipe."
Answer: The Treachery of Images or The Perfidy of Images or La Trahison des Images
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Answer these questions about rocks, FTPE.,
[10] Occurring in areas where lava cooled too quickly for crystals to form, this sharp rock, composed of over 70% silicon dioxide, was extremely important to Stone Age civilizations.
Answer: Obsidian
[10] Also created from the quick cooling of lava, this type of rock makes up over 90 percent of Iceland. The intrusive equivalent of it is called gabbro.
Answer: Basalt
[10] While it accounts for more than 10% of the sedimentary rock on Earth, this rock consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate crystals has only been found to have been created through extremely high temperatures or in anaerobic environments.
Answer: Dolomite
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FTPE, given a brief description, identify the body of water that borders Russia.,
[10] This part of the Arctic named after a Dutch navigator is bordered by Svalbard, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya.
Answer: Barents Sea
[10] The Novaya Zemlya separates the Barents Sea from this sea that receives water from the Ob and Yenisei Rivers.
Answer: Kara Sea
[10] If one were to continue our journey across the northern boundary of Russia, we'll end up in this sea named after a pair of Russia explorers who mapped out the nearby Tamyry Penninsula.
Answer: Laptev Sea
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Examples in the body including shivering to produce heat, and the kidneys filtering out or recirculating ions and molecules to keep them at acceptable concentration levels. FTPE:,
[10] Name this property seen as the ability to maintain a stable internal environment when equilibrium is disturbed, often through negative feedback loops.
Answer: homeostasis
[10] Another example of homeostasis in the body is the pancreas's production of this molecule to raise blood sugar when it is low.
Answer: glucagon
[10] One of the rare circumstances of positive feedback in the body occurs during childbirth, when this hormone causes uterine contractions, which stretches the cervix, leading to further release of this hormone, and so on.
Answer: oxytocin
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The title place is where we are "Swept with confused alarms of struggle and flight,/ Where ignorant armies clash by night," FTPE:,
[10] Name this poem that once abutted the "Sea of Faith."
Answer: "Dover Beach"
[10] This author of Culture and Anarchy wrote "Dover Beach."
Answer: Matthew Arnold
[10] Based on a legend told by Joseph Glanvill in his The Vanity of Dogmatizing, it narrates the adventures of an Oxford student who leaves his academic pursuits to live among nomads.
Answer: "The Scholar-Gypsy"
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Answer the following about a particular type of chemical reaction FTPE.,
[10] Whenever an atom, molecule, or ion gains or loses electrons, it is this type of reaction.
Answer: Redox or Oxidation-Reduction
[10] This phenomenon occurs when the same molecule is both oxidized and reduced in the same reaction, often by itself. The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen is one common example.
Answer: disproportionation
[10] One commercially important redox reaction is the Hall-Heroult process, which uses large electrolytic cells to extract this element from molten cryolite.
Answer: aluminum
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FTPE, identify the following avatars of Vishnu from descriptions.,
[10] This seventh avatar rescues his wife Sita after defeating the evil demon Ravana in his namesake epic.
Answer: Rama
[10] The fifth avatar, the first one of the Second Age, was this dwarf who grew in size to claim his three-step kingdom from Bali.
Answer: Vamana
[10] This tenth and final avatar of Vishnu has yet to reveal itself and will close out the current age of iron and put an end to the wicked.
Answer: Kalki
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Identify the following things related to optics that were named after people, FTPE.,
[10] Also known as the Principle of Least Time, this principle named for a French mathematician says that the path taken by a beam of light between two points is the one traversed in the least amount of time.
Answer: Fermat's Principle
[10] This kind of lens is made of similarly named zones that essentially map out the curvature of a spherical lens without as much material being required. It was originally developed for use in lighthouses where image quality was not necessary, and is also used in traffic lights.
Answer: Fresnel [Fre-NELL] lens
[10] This law governing the refraction of light at the boundary of two materials with different indices of refraction is usually stated as n one times sine theta one equals n two times sine theta two.
Answer: Snell's Law
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Name these kingdoms from ancient Mesopotamia, FTPE.,
[10] Gilgamesh was the fifth king of this Sumerian city, which was founded by Enmerkar.
Answer: Uruk [do not accept or prompt on Ur]
[10] According to the Sumerian king list, this city was the first to gain control of Sumer after the flood. To this day, conquerors of the region, including Saddam Hussein, have often taken the name "King of" this city.
Answer: Kish
[10] The Gutians ended the reign of this kingdom, which was most famously ruled by Sargon.
Answer: Akkadians
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His latest book is A Man Without a Country, but he is better known for works like Harrison Bergeron and God Bless You, Mr. Rosewater, FTPE:,
[10] Name this author of Breakfast of Champions.
Answer: Kurt Vonnegut
[10] Vonnegut told of the events surrounding the development of the atom bomb in this novel, which features a thinly-disguised portrait of Robert Oppenheimer in the character Dr. Felix Hoenikker. The title refers to the net of string Hoenikker holds before his son Newt on the day the bomb drops.
Answer: Cat's Cradle
[10] Along with assisting in the creation of the atom bomb Hoenikker invents this substance, which freezes at the end, killing everything on Earth.
Answer: Ice-nine
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Lines of fortification were popular during the Second World War. FTPE:,
[10] Named for a French war hero and minister of war, it stretched from the Italian border to Belgium, but still didn't prevent Hitler from advancing through the Ardennes Forest and invading.
Answer: Maginot Line
[10] This German counterpart to the Maginot Line ran for over 600 kilometers from Kleve near the Netherlands to Weil am Rhein near Switzerland.
Answer: Siegfried Line [or the West Wall]
[10] The Enckell Line and Mannerheim Line were both attempts to protect this country from Soviet invasion, but the Winter War and Continuation War happened here anyway.
Answer: Finland
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He aids Cyrus Harding and the other survivors of a balloon crash as they set up a colony named Lincoln in The Mysterious Island, FTPE:,
[10] Name this sea captain, who ultimately asks to be buried in his submarine, the Nautilus.
Answer: Captain Nemo
[10] Captain Nemo was created by this author, who included Nemo and his Nautilus again in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea.
Answer: Jules Verne
[10] Axel Lidenbrock and his uncle Otto commence the title escapade through an extinct volcano in Iceland in this Verne novel.
Answer: Journey to the Center of the Earth or Voyage au centre de la terre
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Identify these concepts from Probability, FTPE.,
[10] It states that an observed probability p of a certain number of successes from independent experiments will converge towards the expected probability as the number of experiments increases.
Answer: Law of Large Numbers
[10] This theorem states that for a large number of random samples from a population, the distribution of the sample means will be approximately normal even if the population distribution is not normal.
Answer: Central Limit Theorem
[10] This theorem, named for a British reverend, states that the probability of event A given B is equal to the probability of B given A times the probability of A divided by the probability of B. It is often used to calculate posterior probabilities.
Answer: Bayes' Theorem [or Law or Rule]
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FTPE, identify the following operas by Jacques Offenbach.,
[10] This two-act opera bouffe concerns the title character and Jupiter's efforts to retrieve his wife from Pluto after Public Opinion decides that his conspiring with the god of the dead to be in bad taste. The Infernal Galop from Act II, Scene 2 is also famous for providing the music for the "Can-can."
Answer: Orphee aux enfers (Orpheus in the Underworld)
[10] Offenbach died four months before the premier of this opera based on the stories Der Sandmann, Rath Krespel and Das verlorene Spiegelbild by a German Romantic author. In it, the titular character tells of his three previous loves, Olympia, an automaton; Antonia, a cursed singer; and Giulietta, a courtesan.
Answer: Les Contes d'Hoffmann (The Tales of Hoffman)
[10] Set right before the onset of the Trojan War, it tells the story of Paris, who arrives in Sparta, bribes Calchas to send Menelaus away, beats Achilles and both Ajaxes in three contests, seduces the title character in a "dream," and carries her off disguised as a priest of Venus.
Answer: La Belle Helene (The Fair Helen or equivalent translations of "Belle")

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