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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by Illinois B
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In one of his novels, Florentine Vivier murders Lord Frederick, leaving her son Hyancinth to Miss Pynsent, and in another novel Mrs. Bread gives the title character evidence that Madame de Bellegarde murdered her husband, which he could use to blackmail Claire de Cintre. In addition to writing The Princess Casamassima and describing Christopher Newman in The American, another of his works climaxes when Countess Gemini reveals that Pansy is the illegitimate daughter of Madame Merle and the title character's husband Gilbert Osmond. For 10 points, name this author, who wrote about Lambert Strether and Isabel Archer in The Ambassadors and The Portrait of a Lady.
Answer: Henry James
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This man's works include a number of buildings on Nuns' Island in Montreal and a building which features a translucent onyx wall, the Villa Tugendhat. While working at IIT, he designed the Farnsworth House, and his "skin and bones" architecture is exemplified by such works as the Lake Shore Drive Apartments. He and Lilly Reich created the Barcelona Chair for his German Pavilion, while another of his designs features three-position window blinds and the Four Seasons Restaurant, and is located on Park Avenue. For 10 points, identify this last chairman of the Bauhaus, who said "less is more" and collaborated with Phillip Johnson on the Seagram Building.
Answer: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe [accept Maria Ludwig Michael Mies]
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One quantity in this equation can be expressed as one minus theta over theta where theta is the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. It can be applied to calculate the net charge on a protein at a given pH and is considered an approximation of the law of mass action applied to one species. This equation is less useful in extremely dilute solutions and when dealing with extremely strong acids or bases, and it ignores the minor dissociation of water and also hydrolysis of bases. For 10 points, identify this equation which relates the log of the ratio of conjugate base over acid and pKa to pH which is useful in characterizing buffer systems.
Answer: Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation
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This act was limited by a Supreme Court decision for the Virginia Electric and Power co., and its constitutionality was upheld in a case involving the Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation. It was cosponsored by Massachusetts representative William Connery, and domestic servants and agricultural workers were explicitly excluded from this act. It was amended in 1947 by an act that passed over President Truman's veto, the Taft-Hartley Act, and under this legislation, workers were allowed to choose the union they desired via election. For 10 points, name this legislation that established a namesake board for governing labor disputes, a 1935 act named for a New York senator.
Answer: Wagner-Connery Act [or National Labor Relations Act]
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In one of this man's novels, the owner of the After the Show Retreat is married to the radical politician Yuken Noguchi. Another novel sets the Daphnis and Chloe story on Uta-Jima and stars the lovers Hatsue and Shinji. In addition to After the Banquet and The Sound of Waves, this author wrote a novel in which Fusako falls in love with Ryuji, the titular Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea. More famously, he wrote a series of novels about Honda and Kiyaoki's births and rebirths, as well as a novel about Mizoguchi, a young monk who sets fire to the titular building. For 10 points, identify this author of The Sea of Fertility tetralogy and The Temple of the Golden Pavilion.
Answer: Mishima Yukio [accept in either order]
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In one of his operas, Mamud switches his favored son Melindo at birth with the son of the Sultana Rustena. Along with Truth and Ordeal, he featured a female chorus playing Assyrian soldiers in his oratorio based on the book of Judith, Juditha Triumphans. He showcased four sets violin concertos alternating with a pairwise arrangement of keys in his L'Estro Armonico. His Mandolin Concerto in C Major is often paired with his most famous work, which comes from the collection of concerti grossi, The Contest Between Harmony and Invention. For 10 points, identify this Italian composer, who included the movements "L'inverno," and "La Primavera," in The Four Seasons.
Answer: Antonio Vivaldi
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This economist posited an early form of the Quantity Theory of Money in Tract on Monetary Reform. He proposed that recessions can get worse in the presence of near-zero nominal interest due to liquidity traps, and that an increase in GDP can result from initial investment through the multiplier effect. He argued against reparations in a work critical of the Treaty of Versailles, The Economic Consequences of the Peace, and in another work for increased government spending to combat recessions. For 10 points, name this writer of The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money.
Answer: John Maynard Keynes
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This poem discusses a bough of cherries that is broken in an orchard by an "officious fool," who is rewarded with "a blush at least," while earlier the speaker argues that strangers cannot understand "the depth and passion" of an "earnest glance." The speaker laments the gift of his "nine hundred year old name", and later points out a Claus of Innsbruck statue of a sea-horse being tamed by Poseidon. The speaker "gave commands," which stopped "all smiles" of the title character, who now "look[s] as if she were alive" in a Fra Pandolf portrait on the wall. For 10 points, name this poem about the Duke of Ferrara's former wife, written by Robert Browning.
Answer: "My Last Duchess"
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One song on this album notes that the Hendersons will all be at the title event, a "show tonight on trampoline." In the last song on this album, the singer says he'd "love to turn you on" after noting that he "read the news today, oh boy." Those songs are "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite", and "A Day in the Life". This album opens a song that ends by introducing Billy Shears, who sings "With a Little Help From My Friends," and continues with songs like "When I'm 64", "Lovely Rita", and "Lucy In the Sky with Diamonds." For 10 points, name this album whose title group "hopes you will enjoy the show," a 1966 Beatles album with a cover featuring lots of famous people.
Answer: Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
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This man set up a new military treasury to pay a bonus to veterans, and he exiled Lucius Antonius after a protracted siege of Perusia. He led the Mutina campaign, and established the urban cohorts to check the Praetorian Guard. This man married Scribonia in an attempt to prevent future conflict with Sextus Pompeius, and a temple in Ankara contains his own account of his deeds, the Res Gestae. At times it was unclear whether he would be succeeded by his nephew Marcellus or by his friend and military commander Marcus Agrippa, and he was victorious at Philippi, defeating Brutus and Cassius and avenging his adoptive father. For 10 points, name this first Roman Emperor.
Answer: Augustus [or Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus; accept Gaius Octavius Thurinus]
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In 1999, McIlroy created an adversary for this algorithm that guarantees that it will run in worst-case time. Its worst-case runtime can be avoided by switching to heapsort after a certain recursion depth, a construction known as introsort. Like mergesort, it is easily parallelizable, and its runtime can be decreased by first selecting the median of the unsorted input list. It was invented by C.A.R. Hoare, and its second phase is the partition function, which splits the original list into lists of elements that are greater or less than the chosen pivot value. For 10 points, identify this divide-and-conquer sorting algorithm which runs in big O of n log n time, named for its speed.
Answer: Quicksort
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The title character of this play asserts she wants one character to return with "vine-leaves in his hair" before threatening to burn another woman's hair off. One character buys a villa that once belonged to the Cabinet Member, Secretary Falk, with his Aunt Juliana's help, and he spends his honeymoon researching the domestic handicrafts of Brabant. Thea Elvsted plans to reconstruct a manuscript that was burned by the title character, who is later blackmailed by Judge Brack, who knows she loaned one of her father's pistols to Eilert Lovberg. For 10 points, the wife of George Tasman achieves a "beautiful death" by committing suicide in this play by Henrik Ibsen.
Answer: Hedda Gabler
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A force of these people defeated Eustathios Palatinos under Drogo, while another was crushed by Ilghazi at the Field of Blood. Another force of them, supposedly fighting for Michael Doukas, invaded Greece before being driven out by Alexius I. One of their leaders was ransomed by Danishmend Gazi after capturing and becoming the first king of Antioch during the first crusade. His father conquered much of southern Italy, establishing a royal line in Sicily. In addition to Bohemond and Robert Guiscard, their leaders include a man known as "the bastard" before his defeat of Harold Godwinson at Hastings. For 10 points, name these people led by William the Conqueror.
Answer: Normans [accept Italian Normans or Italo-Normans before "bastard" is read]
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The Kirirom National Park is found in the Elephant Mountains which lie in this country's southwest region. One can visit the Rorka Kondal pagoda in the Kratie province, while the Baset and the Banom temples can be found in the city of Battambang. During the monsoon season, the most notable body of water in this country vastly increases in size due to the change in the flow of its namesake river, the Tonle Sap. Its capital sits at the confluence of the Tonle Sap and Mekong rivers. For 10 points, identify this Southeast Asian nation bordered by Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand, which has its capital at Phnomh Penh.
Answer: Kingdom of Cambodia
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This man names an equation whose lattice method can be used to solve the Navier-Stokes equation and which is used to find the distribution function of a fluid. The fraction of particles at a specific temperature is given as inversely proportional to the partition function by a distribution named for this man, and with Maxwell he names a distribution of molecular velocities in a gas. He discovered that a system's entropy can be given by the natural logarithm of the number of microstates times his namesake constant, equal to the gas constant over Avogadro's number. For 10 points, identify this physicist who names a law governing blackbody radiation with Stefan.
Answer: Ludwig Boltzmann
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In Ephesus, this man enraged a mob of silversmiths by preaching against their idols of Artemis. Along with Barnabus, this man healed a disabled man in Lystra and was mistaken for a Greek deity, while his divinity was proven when he survived a snake bite while shipwrecked on the island of Malta. His assistants were Timothy and Titus, and he once sent the slave Onesimus to take a dispatch to Philemon. Along with Peter, he is the focus of the book of Acts, and he had a notable conversion experience when God revealed Jesus to him on the road to Damascus. For 10 points, identify this saint and Apostle who ministered to the Gentiles and who wrote a number of Epistles.
Answer: Saint Paul the Apostle [or Saint Paul of Tarsus, prompt on Saul]
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A Jean Louis Forain work with the same name depicts a chair behind the subject. To the left of this painting, a woman in a white coat can be seen with orange gloves, and the subject of this painting is a woman generally considered to be named Suzon. Two indistinct chandeliers hang from the ceiling, and a pair of green boots dangles from the ceiling in the upper corner. A man with a moustache can be seen at the top right of this work and the subject rests her hand on a counter where one can find a bowl of oranges and several bottles of alcohol as the subject stares directly at the viewer. For 10 points, identify this depiction of a Parisian nightclub, a work by Eduoard Manet.
Answer: A Bar at the Folies-Bergere [or Un Bar aux Foiles-Bergere]
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In the 1860s, this country started a campaign to assimilate the Aracunia region, and a civil war in this country saw the ship Itata load up arms in California and threaten the rule of a U. S. backed President Jose Balmaceda. It also gained the Tarapaca province by the terms of a treaty which also required a plebiscite to determine the sovereignty of the Tacna and Arica provinces. Yet another ruler of this country came to power after he joined forces with Jose de San Martin and defeated the Spanish at Chacabuco, Bernardo O'Higgins. For 10 points, identify this country whose Marxist leader Salvador Allende was toppled in a coup led by Augusto Pinochet.
Answer: Republic of Chile
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This figure allegedly heard the cries of Stheno and Euryale and imitated them on a reed, thus inventing the flute. She sent a plague to strike the Locrians and sent the storm which killed Ajax the Lesser after he raped Cassandra in her temple, while Erichthonius was born after Hephaestus attempted to rape her. This goddess gave the gift of prophecy to Tiresias, who she had earlier blinded for seeing her naked. She turned Medusa into a Gorgon and, after losing a weaving contest, turned Arachne into a spider. For 10 points, identify this goddess of wisdom and daughter of Metis, born from the head of her father Zeus, who won a contest with Poseidon for control of her namesake city.
Answer: Pallas Athena [accept either; accept Athene, Asana, or Cydonia]
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Paleophragmodictya are among the oldest life forms in this phylum. Cladorhizadae are a carnivorous family in this phylum, while some of its members use the totipotent archeocytes to reproduce. Members of this phylum have excretory structures called oscula, and their silica-based skeletal structure is secreted by sclerocytes. Apopyles are pores which allow water to enter the atrium from the choanocyte chamber in the syconoid arrangement for them, and they are also found in asconoid and leuconoid types. All members of this phylum possess a gelatinous tissue called the mesohyl. For 10 points, identify this phylum of animals commonly referred to as sponges.
Answer: porifera [accept sponges until mentioned]
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TB. This author chronicled the succession of owners of Rembrandt's Aristotle Contemplating the Bust of Homer in the novel Picture This. King Solomon is nicknamed "Shlomo" and derives all of his wisdom from clay tablets in his retelling of the David story, God Knows. In one of his works, Bruce Gold becomes Secretary of State, and another sees Bob Slocum accidentally smother his injured son. In addition to Good as Gold and Something Happened, another of his novels is set on Pianosa and features the characters Colonel Cathcart and Milo Minderbinder. For 10 points, identify this author who wrote about Major Major Major Major and Yossarian in Catch-22.
Answer: Joseph Heller
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by Illinois B
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Mark Woolston must protect the colonial community "The Reef" from vicious invading natives in this author's novel The Crater. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American writer, whose novels include Satanstoe, Precaution, The Spy, and The Pilot.
Answer: James Fenimore Cooper
[10] In this boring novel, Cooper boringly shows Bumppo and his Native American friend helping Alice and Cora Munro go from one fort to another, where their father is stationed. Uncas is the title character.
Answer: The Last of the Mohicans
[10] Tom Hutter is killed and Henry March is captured in a misguided attempt to ambush an Indian village in this first novel about Natty Bumppo not to be confused with The Pathfinder.
Answer: The Deerslayer
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They worshipped Seth and established their capital at Avaris. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this group of Egyptian-Semetic people, whose rulers ruled as the fifteenth dynasty of Egypt.
Answer: Hyksos
[10] After the period in which the Hyksos ruled, the New Kingdom appeared. One notable ruler of the New Kingdom was this woman, the daughter of Thutmose I, who ruled as a regent for her son Thutmose III.
Answer: Hatshepsut
[10] Later in the New Kingdom, this ruler restored Thebes and the worship of Amon, though he may be better known as the boy-king whose tomb Howard Carter discovered in 1922.
Answer: Tutankhamun
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This work features one movement titled "The Play of the Waves." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this set of "Three Symphonic Sketches", which also has movements entitled "From Dawn to Noon" and "Dialogue Between the Wind" and the title object.
Answer: La Mer, trois esquisses symphoniques pour orchestra (also, The Sea, Three Symphonic Sketches for Orchestra)
[10] This tone poem begins with a flute chromatically descending to a triton, and is written in response to a Mallarme poem, and was later adapted into a ballet by Vladimir Nijinsky.
Answer: Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun [or Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune]
[10] This French Impressionist composer wrote La Mer and Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun, as well as three great Nocturnes and the opera Pelleas et Melisande.
Answer: Claude Debussy
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Arguably, this series of events began in 718 CE at the Battle of Covadonga. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this protracted struggle to drive the Spanish Moors out of the Iberian Peninsula.
Answer: Reconquista [accept Reconquest]
[10] This stronghold was the last Moorish enclave in Spain, and was ruled by King Mohammed XII. It was finished off in the early fifteenth century by Ferdinand and Isabel.
Answer: Granada
[10] This significant 1212 battle saw united Christian forces under Alfonso VIII of Castile join together to defeat an Almohad force directly after the Disaster of Alarcos.
Answer: Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
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This deity mummified Osiris after his demise at the hands of Set, and was thought to be the husband of Bast. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this jackal-headed God of mummification in Egyptian mythology.
Answer: Anubis
[10] After death, Anubis weighed the heart of the dead against a feather in the presence of this ibis-headed god, who served as scribe. This god is also associated with magic, writing, and knowledge.
Answer: Thoth
[10] That feather belonged to this goddess, the personification of truth and wife of Thoth.
Answer: Ma'at
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He is moved to marry his mistress after hearing Vinteiul's passionate sonata at Madame Verdurin's disreputable party. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this wealthy broker and father of Gilberte, who controversially marries the courtesan Odette de Crecy and represents the epicurean side of society in Combray.
Answer: Monsieur Swann
[10] Monsieur Swann appears in one section of this work by Marcel Proust, whose title recollection is inspired by eating a tea-soaked madeline.
Answer: Remembrance of Things Past [accept A la Recherche de Les Temps Perdus; or In Search of Lost Time]
[10] Marcel Proust also wrote a collection of sketches entitled Pleasures and Days, which featured a foreword by this author of The Crime of Sylvester Bonnard and Penguin Island.
Answer: Anatole France
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These particles are not affected by the strong force, and they include tauons and muons. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these particles, which are a kind of fermion and cannot be divided into quarks.
Answer: lepton
[10] Super-Kamiokande was constructed to detect these chargeless leptons, which rarely interact and travel at the speed of light and are emitted from bodies like the sun. Contrary to longtime belief, they do actually possess mass.
Answer: neutrinos
[10] Grand Unified Theory predicts that quarks could decay to leptons. One effect that might make a GUT possible is this proposed correspondence between fermions and bosons. The "breaking" of this phenomenon reconciles it with actually observed data.
Answer: supersymmetry [or SUSY]
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They took six days, and occurred in their namesake neighborhood in Los Angeles. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this series of 1965 race riots which began with the arrest of Marquette Fry.
Answer: The Watts Riots
[10] In Los Angeles during World War II, this set of riots occurred after increased conflict between Navy servicemen and the native Latino population, and are named for a fashionable type of clothing.
Answer: The Zoot Suit Riots
[10] Later in the 60's, this set of riots began at their namesake bar in Greenwich Village, New York City. They led to the foundation of the Gay Liberation Front shortly after their conclusion.
Answer: The Stonewall Riots
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In one of her well-known works, she posits that the title concept is organized around specific beliefs that define appropriate behaviors. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this female anthropologist who wrote Zuni Mythology.
Answer: Ruth Benedict
[10] Benedict wrote this book which studied Japanese culture through indirect means directly after World War II.
Answer: The Chrysanthemum and the Sword
[10] Benedict also wrote this work that contrasted the Apollonian and Dionysian mindsets of the Pueblo and plains Indians.
Answer: Patterns of Culture
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In one of this man's novels, the titular figure has been waiting for a retirement check for fifteen years, while another novel ends with a different colonel burying a doctor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of No One Writes to the Colonel, as well as a novel in which Angela Vicario's twin brothers murder Santiago Nasar, Chronicle of a Death Foretold.
Answer: Gabriel Garcia Marquez [don't prompt on partial answer]
[10] This Garcia Marquez novel is set in the fictional town of Macondo. It features such characters as Don Crespi and the gypsy Melquiades, but focuses primarily on the lives of the Buendia family.
Answer: One Hundred Years of Solitude [accept Cien Anos de Soledad]
[10] The village of Macondo first appeared in this Garcia Marquez short story, the namesake of the collection it appeared in. In it, Isabel and her father go against the town's wishes to bury the Doctor, who recently hung himself. It is named after a tempest of a certain kind of object.
Answer: Leaf Storm [accept La Hojarasca]
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It was discovered by Christian Rene de Duve, and it is surrounded in the cell by a membrane with a proton pump that maintains its acidic environment. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this organelle, which is responsible for breaking down macromolecules with its array of hydrolytic enzymes, and which originates by budding from the trans-Golgi membrane.
Answer: lysosome
[10] Lysosomes are related to these structures found in plants where they are primarily used for water storage. The contractile type is found in protozoans, where it is also used to regulate water.
Answer: vacuole
[10] The hydrolytic enzymes utilized by the lysosome are tagged with this hexose carbohydrate, which marks them for transport to the lysosome.
Answer: mannose-6-phosphate [accept M6P or man-6p]
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Some of these malicious creatures are under the command of Bowser, the king of the Koopas, and all of them appear in Super Mario World. For 10 points each:,
[10] These enemies were originally citizens of the Mushroom Kingdom, which may explain their mushroom-like appearance. They have thick eyebrows and fangs, and jumping on them is the easiest way to kill them.
Answer: Goombas [accept Kuribo]
[10] If Mario is facing these creatures directly, they cover their face and won't move. They can phase through walls, and can't be hurt by being jumped on. They were also the primary antagonists of Luigi's Mansion.
Answer: Boos [accept Boo Diddly or Teresa]
[10] These animated Koopa skeletons are capable of throwing their own femurs and sometimes skulls at you. If you jump on them, they crumble but swiftly reanimate.
Answer: Dry Bones [accept Karon]
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The first stanza of this poem asserts that the eye of the title creature was the "only moving thing" "among twenty snowing mountains." For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this poem, in which the speaker asks the "thin men of Haddam" why they do not see how the title avian beast "walks around the feet / of the women about you."
Answer: "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird"
[10] "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird" was written by this American poet, who also wrote "Anecdote of a Jar" and "The Emperor of Ice Cream."
Answer: Wallace Stevens
[10] The speaker asks Ramon Fernandez why "the glassy lights . . . Mastered the night and portioned out the sea" in this Stevens poem that begins by stating "she sang beyond the genius of the sea."
Answer: "The Idea of Order at Key West"
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Identify these paintings executed by fifteenth century Italians. For 10 points each:,
[10] This large Raphael canvas shows Plato and Aristotle in discussion, Diogenes of Cinope sitting on the ground, and perhaps the artist himself on the right side looking angry.
Answer: School of Athens [or Scuola d'Atena]
[10] In this Botticelli painting, the wind flows white flowers onto the naked central figure, who is standing on a seashell and being offered a pink robe by another woman.
Answer: Birth of Venus
[10] This Leonardo portrait of Cecilia Gallerani holding the titular animal probably refers to the symbol of Ludovico Il Moro.
Answer: Lady with an Ermine [or La belle Ferroniere]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify these spiritual practices originating in Asia, for 10 points each.,
[10] This practice refers to speaking or chanting one or more words or syllables from Sanskrit as a method of improving concentration, as well as the words or syllables themselves. They often begin with the syllable "Aum."
Answer: Mantras
[10] Branches of this discipline include Hatha, Raja, Bhakti, and Karma, and its various bodily poses, known as asanas, are used in the West as a form of exercise.
Answer: Yoga
[10] This term refers to gestures of the hands or the whole body in Hinduism and Buddhism. Exciting varieties include the Karana, which can expel demons, and the Abhaya, which dispels fear.
Answer: Mudras
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Name these George Bernard Shaw plays, for 10 points each.,
[10] Henry Higgins teaches Eliza how to speak properly in this play that was the basis for the musical My Fair Lady.
Answer: Pygmalion
[10] At the end of this play Boss Mangan and Billy Dunn are killed in a aerial bombardment when they unwittingly take shelter in a gravel pit used to store dynamite, while the plot is set into motion when Ellie Dunn is invited by Mrs. Hushabye to attend a party at the title location.
Answer: Heartbreak House
[10] The title character of this play works for the Salvation Army and must accept an unwanted donation from her father, the munitions manufacturer, Andrew Undershaft.
Answer: Major Barbara
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It states that the world is everything that is the case, and that of what one cannot speak, one must pass over in silence. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this book of philosophy divided into seven propositions, which discusses atomic facts and outlines the picture theory of language.
Answer: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
[10] This author of On Certainty and The Blue and Brown Books wrote Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.
Answer: Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein
[10] This other book by Ludwig Wittgenstein asserts that the root of all philosophical problems derive from confusion about their language.
Answer: Philosophical Investigations
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some commonly used lab equipment, for 10 points each.,
[10] The Buchner variety of these is a giant form of the Hirsch one. Both are used during vacuum filtration, wherein they are lined with filter paper.
Answer: funnels
[10] Vacuum filtration is done by sucking air out of one of these objects, which has a side-arm and is named for Buchner. Another type of these has a vacuum on its outside and is named for Dewar, while another is named for Erlenmeyer.
Answer: flasks
[10] Speaking of sucking things, the Pasteur variety of these objects are used to transfer small amounts of liquids but do not include graduations. The Mohr variety, on the other hand, does have graduations.
Answer: pipettes
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Henry IV, V, and VI were all members of this house, which originated when Edmund "Crouchback" was granted earldom. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this British family, a co-fighter in the Wars of the Roses.
Answer: House of Lancaster
[10] The House of Lancaster was pitted against this royal house in the Wars of the Roses. Their symbol was the white rose.
Answer: House of York
[10] The House of York was backed by this man, known as the Kingmaker, who installed Richard of York into the throne in 1453 while Henry VI was temporarily insane.
Answer: Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick [accept either]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He wrote an operatic version of Abbe Prevost's Manon Lescault, as well as the operas La Rondine and Edgar. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Italian composer, who created Madame Butterfly.
Answer: Giacomo Puccini
[10] The titular Chinese princess of this opera featuring the aria "Nessun Dorma," which was left unfinished at Puccini's death, must learn the name of Prince Calaf by dawn or be forced to marry him.
Answer: Turandot
[10] This opera begins at the Polka Saloon, where the title character, Minnie, falls in love with the bandit Ramirez, who disguised himself under the alias Dick Johnson.
Answer: Girl of the Golden West [or La Fanciulla del West]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A personified Moon tells the trees that it wants to punish mankind for shutting out its lunar light by closing their windows. For 10 points each:,
[10] Leonardo Felix and the Groom kill each other in the forest after the title event of this play.
Answer: Blood Wedding [or Bodas de Sangre; accept Blood Weddings]
[10] This author of "The Song of the Horseman" and The Lament for the Death of a Bull Fighter wrote Blood Wedding.
Answer: Federico Garcia Lorca
[10] Garcia Lorca is a major figure from the national literature of this country, whose great poets include Quevedo, Gongora, and Juan Ramon Jimenez.
Answer: Spain [or Espana]

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