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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by Harvard C
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He claimed that the west's pure-white skin allowed westerners to adopt bright lights, and exalted elegant toilets in one work, and he told of a beautiful woman who gets a "prostitute spider" emblazoned on her body in another. This author of "In Praise of Shadows" and "The Tattooer" wrote of a centipede bite killing Tsuneko in a work by this author that sees Tadasu fantasize about breastfeeding. In another of his works, Yukiko is the most westernized of the title characters. In addition to "The Bridge of Dreams," he wrote a novel in which Kaname and Misako's marriage dissolves. For 10 points, name this Japanese author of Some Prefer Nettles and The Makioka Sisters.
Answer: Junichiro Tanizaki [accept in either order]
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One story notes that this figure's lover had a sister named Belili, who heard this figure's lover lamenting, and spilled a handful of gems. This deity had a holy city at Erech, and was subjected to sixty diseases, after which she demanded the bag containing the waters of life from Asu-shu-namir. In one story, this personification of the planet Venus was forced to remove a piece of clothing as she passed through each of seven gates. She may have caused the death of her lover, Tammuz, and all sexuality on earth stopped when she descended to meet Ereshkigal. For 10 points, name this Babylonian goddess of war and love.
Answer: Ishtar [or Inanna; or Astarte]
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This man explored what effect skyscrapers have on urban life in "Vertical City," and he studied people who communicate by repeating radioed messages, cyranoids. He studied the responses to people cutting into lines or asking for someone to give up their seat on the subway, and he asked people to send packages to those most likely to know the target in his small world experiment. Variations on his most famous experiment showed higher stress rates in women, though they were just as likely to continue operating the machine. For 10 points, name this man who had people administer electric shocks in his obedience experiment.
Answer: Stanley Milgram
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He currently collaborates with flautist Bobby Millitello. He created a jazz version of "Someday My Prince Will Come" in his album based on Disney songs, and he is credited with bringing jazz to college campuses with his Jazz at Oberlin. His group's best known album features the tracks "Kathy's Waltz" and "Strange Meadowlark," and features a 9/8 time signature in a piece inspired by the zeybek folk dance, "Blue Rondo a la Turk." Joe Morello was originally supposed to play a drum solo in his most famous piece composed by saxophonist Paul Desmond and written in quintuple time. For 10 points, name this Jazz pianist, who featured "Take Five" in his album Time Out.
Answer: Dave Brubeck
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A cruder form of it was proposed by Wilhelmy in 1858, and its namesake observed the implications of this statement when equilibrium of reactive and unreactive molecules is considered in the van't Hoff equation. A T to m term is sometimes introduced to it, as a quantity in it is approximated to be independent of temperature. That quantity accounts for the rate and orientation of collisions is called the pre exponential factor. One form of it states that the natural log of the equilibrium constant has a inverse relationship with one over T, and it allows one to relate the equilibrium constant with activation energy. For 10 points, identify this equation named for the Swedish chemist.
Answer: Arrhenius equation
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This man adopted his rival's play Berenice into Tite and Berenice, a work about Titus's marital follies. Pauline and Felix decry the title character of another of his works for converting to Christianity, but when that Armenian gets martyred, they convert too. This author of Polyeucte wrote of the Comte de Gormas's daughter, who confides in Elvira that she loves the title character, but demands that he duel Don Sancho to avenge her father. That work centers on Chimene and Rodrigue, who is given the title epithet after earning honor in war against the Moors. For 10 points, name this author of Le Cid.
Answer: Pierre Corneille
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Inkwells and some scrolls can be seen lying to the left of a figure in this painting as a man dressed in orange has his right palm on the title figure's knee as he stares at the title character. A lyre can be seen behind the extended right leg of the title figure as well as a chain that lies partially on the floor. A figure in blue and brown stands in an archway leaning against the wall at its left, and in the center a man in red turns his head away from the title figure whose left hand points upward as he grabs a cup containing poison. For 10 points, name this painting by Jacques-Louis David, which shows the final moments of a philosopher about to consume hemlock.
Answer: The Death of Socrates
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One of this religion's texts follows the seeker through places named for Search, Knowledge, and Wonderment, before arriving in the "Valley of True Poverty and Absolute Nothingness." Along with The Gems of Divine Mysteries, that work, The Seven Valleys, was written by this religion's founder. After the death of this religion's Guardian, its Hands of the Cause announced the election of its ruling body, the Universal House of Justice. Haifa is the site of the tomb of one of its holy men, the Bab. Its texts include the Most Holy Book and the Book of Certitude. For 10 points, name this religion, an offshoot of Shi'a Islam that venerates all major prophets and the Baha'u'llah.
Answer: Baha'i Faith [accept Baha'ism]
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A theorem named for him states that for a polynomial of degree n with integral coefficients, there exists a maximum of n solutions to f of x equals 0 modulo p. In addition, this man proved that every positive integer can be represented as a sum of four squares. A theorem named for him states that the order of a subgroup must divide the order of the group, and he is also the namesake of a method of finding the optima of a function by introducing the parameter lambda. The namesake of an error function associated with Taylor series, for 10 points, identify this Frenchie, who also found a set of points where a tiny body remains stationary relative to two larger bodies.
Answer: Joseph Louis Lagrange
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This man's video rental history was printed in the Washington City Paper, leading to the Video Privacy Protection Act. Like Samuel Alito and William Rehnquist, his nomination to the Supreme Court was opposed by the ACLU, though his qualifications were highly praised by Warren Burger. This man performed an action that William Ruckelshaus and Elliot Richardson refused to do, the firing of Archibald Cox in the Saturday Night Massacre, while serving as Solicitor General. Florynce Kennedy used his name as a verb in 1991, arguing against Clarence Thomas's appointment. For 10 points, name this Supreme Court nominee of Ronald Reagan, rejected by the senate.
Answer: Robert Heron Bork
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A quote from this play about committing fornication that ends "the wench is dead" is used as the epigraph for T.S. Eliot's "The Portrait of a Lady." "Laws were then most sure/When, like the Draco's, they were writ in blood," claims a character in this work, whose name is fittingly Machiavel. The title character sends a slave named Ithamore to kill all of the nuns in a nunnery, including his daughter Abagail, but eventually dies when he falls into his own boiling cauldron. For 10 points, name this work that may have inspired The Merchant of Venice, a play about the life of a Semite named Barabas by Christopher Marlowe.
Answer: The Jew of Malta
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A hydroxyethyl derivative of this compound is a common intermediate in the synthesis of valine, leucine, and isoleucine. The transketolase activity of red blood cells is studied to measure the deficiency of this compound whose pyrophosphate form is a coenzyme used to decarboxylate pyruvate to form Acetyl CoA. In alcoholics its deficiency results in Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, while a more common deficiency of it originally resulted from a switch to polished rice. Sometimes called aneurin, it consists of a pyrimidine and a thiazole ring, and that structure was correctly described by Casimir Funk. For 10 points, identify this vitamin, whose deficiency causes beriberi.
Answer: thiamine [or B1]
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This man's military was first led by Saint Arnaud, and his advisors included the dukes of Persigny and Morny. He was satirized in a work plagiarized to form The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, Maurice Joly's Dialogue in Hell Between Machiavelli and Montesquieu. His rule saw a boom in railway construction and the implementation of Baron Haussmann's plan to renovate the streets of Paris. He assisted Victor Emmanuel II against Franz Joseph at Solferino and he was able to briefly annex Mexico under Maximilian, but he was defeated and captured by Moltke at Sedan, ending the Franco-Prussian War. For 10 points, name this French emperor, the nephew of his namesake.
Answer: Napoleon III [or Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte; do not prompt on "Napoleon"]
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In this work, the author suggests moving into a house of morality while rebuilding one's house of ideas and knowledge from its foundation. This work details a four-part plan, including making complete lists, as a means towards understanding, supporting this rationalist approach over empirical observations. It also modifies the position of skepticism to allow for an incontrovertible claim. This work calls physics the "heart" and "soul of man" and argues for mind-body dualism. Written four years before the author's Meditations on First Philosophy, for 10 points, name this 1637 work of Rene Descartes that contains the quotation, "I think, therefore I am."
Answer: Discourse on Method [accept Discourse on the Method]
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One of this man's compositions includes a saucy dance in which one character asks "Got any money?" after which a disheveled old man chases her around saying "All that matters is love." He wrote a symphonic poem for a former Regent-President of his country, and he wrote a piece for the Basel Chamber Orchestra called Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta. This composer of Kossuth and The Miraculous Mandolin also wrote a five-movement Concerto for Orchestra and an opera about Judith, who insists that the title character open the doors of his palace. For 10 points, name this Hungarian composer of the opera Duke Bluebeard's Castle.
Answer: Bela Victor Janos Bartok
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This man played Jim Hawkins in a 1990 film version of Treasure Island, three years after playing Jamie Graham in Empire of the Sun. He appeared as Pelagia's fiancee Mandras in Captain Corelli's Mandolin, voiced the title role in Howl's Moving Castle, and practiced Gun Kata as John Preston in Equilibrium. He lost sixty pounds to play Trevor Reznik in The Machinist and appeared as yuppie-turned-serial-killer Patrick Bateman in American Psycho. He tells Aaron Eckhart's character that "You're the symbol of hope I can never be" in a film that sees him chase Heath Ledger a lot. For 10 points, name this actor who played the title role in The Dark Knight and Batman Begins.
Answer: Christian Charles Philip Bale
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When this ruler visited Rome at age five, Pope Leo IV dressed him in the robes and sword belt of a Roman consul. He established a new legal code with the Book of Dooms, and at the Battle of Ashdown he defeated the forces of the man with whom he would later sign the Peace of Wedmore. He personally translated from Latin works such as Bede's Ecclesiastical History and Boethius's Consolation of Philosophy. The fifth son of Aethelwulf, he defeated Guthrum's forces at Edington, pushing them back into Northumbria and East Anglia and retaking London in about 885. For 10 points, name this king of Wessex, the only "Great" English king.
Answer: Alfred the Great
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Transferred electron devices are a form of these components that utilize negative differential resistance and are generally named for Gunn. A law giving their current is named for transistor-inventor William Shockley. One of these and a MOSFET is used to form a synchronous rectifier, and four of these devices are arranged in a namesake bridge in full-wave rectifiers. If these have a large enough negative voltage drop, they go into breakdown, though reverse-bias operation is possible in their Zener variety. For 10 points, name these devices that normally consist of a p-n junction and only allow current to pass in one direction, and which also come in light-emitting types.
Answer: diodes [accept early buzz of Gunn diodes]
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Characters created by this author include Jim, a child who is told by a lightning rod salesman that his house will be hit in the upcoming storm, and Douglas Spaulding, a twelve-year-old who convinces Mr. Sanderson to let him run errands for him in exchange for shoes which will help him explore the world. Another of his novels features ultra-fast "beetle" cars, and includes the characters Professor Faber, Clarisse McCellan, Captain Beatty, and Guy Montag. The author of Something Wicked This Way Comes and Dandelion Wine, for 10 points, name this author of The Martian Chronicles and Fahrenheit 451.
Answer: Ray Bradbury
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The Chele La is this country's highest major mountain pass, and its small southern areas of deciduous lowland contain the Shiwalik Hills and its former capital, Punakha. Its second largest city is Paro, and this country contains Gangkhar Puensum, which at 24,836 feet is the world's largest unclimbed mountain, although the slightly higher Kula Kangri is disputed with China. The states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and Sikkim all border this country, and its rivers, which include the Drangme Chhu, lie in the Brahmaputra watershed. For 10 points, name this kingdom in the eastern Himalayas with capital at Thimphu.
Answer: Kingdom of Bhutan
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TB. The buildup to this conflict saw one side occupied with the Uskok War, and the Smolensk War is sometimes considered an episode in it. Gabor Bethlen took advantage of this conflict to carve out some land, and it also involved Maximilian I of Bavaria. Christian IV signed the Treaty of Lubeck to end Denmark's involvement in this war, and the Battle of White Mountain ended its Bohemian Phase, which began with a Defenestration of Prague. Commanders in this war included the Count of Tilly, Wallenstein, and Gustavus Adolphus. For 10 points, name this war between Catholics and Protestants in the Holy Roman Empire that ended with the Peace of Westphalia.
Answer: Thirty Years' War
 
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by Harvard C
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Reverend Gabriel is plagued by guilt for abandoning his illegitimate son Royal and his mother Esther to die of poverty. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel set entirely on the day of the fourteenth birthday of John Grimes.
Answer: Go Tell it on the Mountain [10] This author of Go Tell it on the Mountain wrote about Rufus Scott, who commits suicide by jumping off the George Washington bridge after his failed relationship with Leona in his novel Another Country. James Baldwin
[10] Baldwin also wrote a series of essays about race relations entitled for this "next time." Jack London wrote a short story called "To Build" one of these.
Answer: a fire [accept "The Fire Next Time"]
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Identify these Supreme Court cases which mention a right to privacy, for 10 points each.,
[10] Overturning a Connecticut law banning contraceptives, William O. Douglas found a right to privacy in the "penumbras" of the Constitution in this 1965 case. Potter Stewart, dissenting, called the law "uncommonly silly," but constitutional.
Answer: Griswold v. Connecticut [accept in reverse order]
[10] This 1973 case saw Harry Blackmun write in the majority opinion that the right to privacy extended to abortions, and incorporated the companion case Doe v. Bolton.
Answer: Roe v. Wade [accept either, in either order]
[10] The Court also relied on Griswold's statement of a right to privacy in this 2003 case overturning an anti-sodomy law, as well as the Court's previous ruling in Bowers v. Hardwick.
Answer: Lawrence v. Texas [accept in reverse order]
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Answer some questions about a class of organic compounds, for 10 points each.,
[10] The smallest compound of this group of carbon allotropes is an unsaturated dodecahedrane, though the "buckyball" may be more famous.
Answer: fullerenes
[10] This group of fullerenes has members which are not closed polyhedra, but long, narrow, cylinders.
Answer: nanotube
[10] The structure of fullerenes was first elucidated in 1991 with x-ray crystallography of a fullerene derivative containing this element, whose tetroxide reacts with alkenes to yield syn diols.
Answer: Osmium
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Name the following about metaphors and concepts from Platonic philosophy, for 10 points each.,
[10] This metaphor involves people chained underground who can only see the shadows of puppets against a fire.
Answer: allegory of the cave [accept clear knowledge]
[10] The allegory of the cave expresses this theory about properties of objects, or eidos. This theory distinguishes between those properties and individuals' observations which mimic those properties.
Answer: Theory of Forms
[10] The allegory of the cave was expounded in this Platonic dialogue, which is a meditation on government that claims that philosophers would rule the title state.
Answer: the Republic [or Politeia]
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Nagg tells a joke about a tailor at Lake Como to his wife Nell, who both live in trash cans after their legs were lost in a biking accident. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this play in which Clov serves the blind and immobile Hamm.
Answer: Endgame [or Fin de partie]
[10] This absurdist author of A Piece of Monologue and Breath wrote Endgame, as well as a trilogy that includes Malone Dies, The Unnamable, and Molloy.
Answer: Samuel Beckett
[10] Beckett also wrote this play about Vladimir and Estragon, who hang out in hopes of seeing the title character.
Answer: Waiting for Godot [or En attendant Godot]
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Like Donatello, this man sculpted a bronze statue of David, who is notably not nude and wields a sword, though he is better known for a disciple of his. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this sculptor who created the equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni in Venice.
Answer: Andrea del Verrocchio
[10] Name that student of Verrocchio, who is better known for depicting Cecilia Gallerani holding an animal probably symbolic of Ludovico Sforza in Lady With an Ermine, as well as his Vitruvian Man.
Answer: Leonardo da Vinci
[10] Two forms of this painting exist, one at the Louvre and the other at the Tate museum, which depict the meeting of Jesus and Jon the Baptist as infants, with Mary ushering John towards Jesus.
Answer: Virgin of the Rocks [or Madonna of the Rocks]
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It is followed in the Port Elizabeth trilogy by Hello and Goodbye, and its two primary characters exchange letters with Ethel Lange. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this play which centers around two half brothers, the dark-skinned Zachariah and the lighter-skinned Morris, who share the titular bond.
Answer: The Blood Knot
[10] This South African author of Blood Knot worked with Zakes Mokae on his early plays No-Good Friday and Nongogo. His other works include Sizwe Bansi is Dead and Boesman and Lena.
Answer: Harold Athol Lanigan Fugard
[10] This Fugard play features the black men Willie and Sam, who work at St. George's Park Tea Room. The first title character, Hally, gets angry at Sam when he learns of his alcoholic father's discharge from the hospital.
Answer: "MASTER HAROLD"…and the boys
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His Buddhist equivalent, Taishakuten, was the commander of the Four Heavenly Kings, and he loves drinking soma. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this golden-bodied Rigvedic god of the sun who wields the thunderbolt Vajra and rides the white elephant Airavata.
Answer: Indra
[10] Indra destroyed the 99 fortresses of this dragon, the embodiment of drought, before killing him with Vajra and freeing the world's rivers.
Answer: Vritra [accept Ahi]
[10] The son of Indra, this Pandava archer won his wife Draupadi by shooting an arrow through some rings, and he kicked serious Kaurava ass in the Kurukshetra war.
Answer: Arjuna
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Name some particles that might show up in the Large Hadron Collider, for 10 points each.,
[10] Many hope that the LHC will detect this so-called "God particle," whose namesake field may give rise to mass.
Answer: Higgs boson
[10] Others believe the LHC will produce this hypothetical particle behind the gravitational force.
Answer: graviton
[10] The LHC should also provide important results related to a substance in the early universe, a version of this phase of matter made up of quarks and gluons.
Answer: plasma [accept quark-gluon plasma]
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Inez Institoris shoots her adulterous lover Rudolf after he falls in love with Marie Godeau in this novel. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel by Serenus Zeitblom about the life of the composer Adrian Leverkuhn.
Answer: Doktor Faustus
[10] Doktor Faustus is written by this German, who wrote about Hans Castorp in Magic Mountain.
Answer: Thomas Mann
[10] Mann also wrote this fascist-bashing novella about a trip to Torre di Venere, in which the first title character, a hypnotist named Cipolla, kills the second title character.
Answer: Mario and the Magician [or Mario und der Zauberer]
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This man's students included Donatello and Paolo Uccello, and he rediscovered the technique of lost-wax casting. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this winner of a competition to create the first set of bronze doors for the Florence Baptistery, whose second set of Baptistery doors were called the "Gates of Paradise."
Answer: Lorenzo Ghiberti [accept Lorenzo di Bartolo]
[10] This sculptor of the Sacrifice of Isaac and designer of the dome of the Florence Baptistery lost that competition to Ghiberti.
Answer: Filippo Brunelleschi
[10] The wool merchants' guild commissioned Ghiberti to create a statue of St. John the Baptist for this church in Florence. It was originally a grain market, and it also features Nanni di Banco's Four Crowned Martyrs.
Answer: the Orsanmichele [accept Kitchen Garden of St. Michael]
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Name these German state capitals, for 10 points each.,
[10] This city on the Elbe River lies south of the Lusatian mountains about 200 kilometers south of Berlin, and is the capital of Saxony. You know it best for being firebombed in World War II.
Answer: Dresden
[10] Lying on a series of hills at the center of the Neckar valley, this auto manufacturing hub is the capital of Baden-Wurttemberg in the southwest.
Answer: Stuttgart
[10] People can look at fancy cars and stuff in the BMW museum in this city found on the rivers Isar and Wurm. It is a city of 1.4 million people and is the capital of Bavaria.
Answer: Munich [accept Munchen]
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It begins by discussing the "king of the wood," who was supposedly ritually murdered by his successor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this "study of magic and religion" which had its name inspired by a Turner painting depicting the entering of the underworld in the Aeneid.
Answer: The Golden Bough
[10] This Scottish anthropologist wrote The Golden Bough as well as some studies of totemism and Myths of the Origin of Fire.
Answer: James George Frazer
[10] The Golden Bough inspired this Joseph Campbell work which introduced the idea of the monomyth and whose title figure represents a link between various myth systems.
Answer: The Hero with a Thousand Faces
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Identify these figures from Italian unification, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Pope, who took office in 1846, granted a constitution to the Papal States in 1848, bolstering his initial reputation as a reformer. However, anger over his failure to go to war with Austria forced him to flee Rome later that year.
Answer: Pius IX
[10] This Genoan revolutionary founded the Young Italy movement and wrote about the need for popular democracy in a single united Italian nation. He led Rome for five months in 1849 during the Pope's exile.
Answer: Giuseppe Mazzini
[10] During exile in South America, this man fought for Uruguayan independence, though he's more famous for leading his redshirts in the fight for Italian independence.
Answer: Giuseppe Garibaldi
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The "blind spot" occurs because the optic nerve which connects it to the brain does not have any photoreceptors. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this structure at the back of the eye which contains rods and cones, and is separated from the sclera by the choroid layer.
Answer: retina
[10] This structure found at the center of the retina is important in focusing the images formed in the eye. The word lutea is sometimes appended to it because of its yellow appearance, and the foveal pit is found at its center.
Answer: macula lutea
[10] These interneurons provide the link between the cells of the outer plexiform layer to the ganglion cells of the inner plexiform layer.
Answer: bipolar cells
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Name these recent Major League Baseball Rookies of the Year, for 10 points each.,
[10] This Canadian outfielder won the 2004 award with Pittsburgh, hitting .282 with 26 home runs and a .550 slugging average. He was traded to the Red Sox this summer in the deal that sent Manny Ramirez to the Dodgers.
Answer: Jason Raymond Bay
[10] In 2006, his first full season with the Tigers, this pitcher went 17-9 with a 3.63 ERA and allowed only one stolen base all season. He threw the first no-hitter in Comerica Park against the Brewers in June 2007.
Answer: Justin Brooks Verlander
[10] This St. Louis Cardinals first baseman won the award in 2001, and also won the N.L. MVP in 2005. He has the highest batting and slugging averages of any active player and is the fastest to hit 300 home runs, doing so in July.
Answer: Jose Alberto "Albert" Pujols Alcantara
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Its movements include "Of Youth" and "The Lonely One in Autumn." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work based on Chinese poetry whose first movement is titled "The Drinking Song of Earth's Misery" that was officially not classified as a symphony to avoid "The Curse of the Ninth."
Answer: The Song of the Earth [or Das Lied von der Erde]
[10] The Song of the Earth is created by this German composer, who wrote the Titan and Resurrection symphonies.
Answer: Gustav Mahler
[10] "In diesem Wetter" is the last movement of this song cycle based on the poetry of Frierich Ruckert, which aggravated Mahler superstitions after his four year old daughter died of scarlet fever two years after its premiere.
Answer: Kindertotenlieder [or Songs on the Death of Children]
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The Beta function for x and y is equal to this function of x times this function of y divided by this function of quantity x plus y. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this function, which shares its name with the lowercase symbol used to represent the Euler Mascheroni constant.
Answer: gamma function
[10] The gamma function is a generalized form of this function, which takes the product of n and all positive integers less than n, commonly represented by an exclamation mark.
Answer: factorial
[10] This approximation to the factorial can be derived by taking the logarithm of the factorial and doing some other algebraic manipulations. It is named for a Scottish mathematician, and works well for large values of n.
Answer: Stirling's approximation
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His Corpus Juris Civilis codified Roman law, and his numerous building projects included the Hagia Sofia. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this husband of Theodora, a Byzantine emperor whose rule was chronicled by Procopius.
Answer: Justinian I the Great [or Flavius Petrus Sabbatius or Favius Anicius Justinianus Magnus]
[10] This chief general of Justinian was able to recover a lot of land by defeating the Ostrogoths under Witiges and the Vandals under Gelimer.
Answer: Belisarius
[10] Belisarius, along with Mundus and Narses, put these down these riots with a massacre in the Hippodrome. They were led by supporters of the Blue and Green charioteer teams.
Answer: Nika riots or revolt
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It holds that Anatta, Dukkha, and Anicca are the three characteristics of suffering in mankind. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this oldest branch of Buddhism that believes the highest level of enlightenment is the arhat.
Answer: Theravada
[10] This massive Theravada collection is written in Pali rather than Sanskrit and the three main sections its name alludes to are the Vinaya, Sutta, and Abhidamma.
Answer: the Tripitaka [or The Three Baskets]
[10] One collection of 423 aphorisms including the sections, "Twin Verses" and "Flowers" has a title literally meaning the "way of" this concept, which refers to right doctrines and proper religious practices.
Answer: Dharma

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