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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 ACF Fall Tossups by Harvard B
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A slow fugue whose subject uses all twelve notes of the chromatic scale makes up the "Of Science" section of this piece, and other section titles include "Of the Backworldsmen" and "The Convalescent." A solo violin features prominently in the section "The Dance Song" and this work ends with an alternation of B major and C major chords. However, the most famous part is the opening, in which four trumpets, playing the rising figure C-G-C, are answered with massive orchestral chords and timpani beats. FTP, identify this tone poem by Richard Strauss inspired by a book by Nietzsche and used at the beginning of 2001: A Space Odyssey,
Answer: Also sprach Zarathustra (or Thus Spake Zarathustra)
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In one of this author's short stories, Sally Carrol Happer returns to the South after being lost inside an ice palace. Jerry Frost is elected president before becoming a postman in his absurdist play The Vegetable. His first novel was originally titled The Romantic Egotist and centers on a friend of Thomas Park D'Invilliers who becomes a socialist after being encouraged by Monsignor Darcy to attend Princeton. He wrote about Gloria and Anthony Patch in The Beautiful and Damned and described Dick and Nicole Diver's struggle with mental illness in his novel Tender is the Night. FTP, name this American author of This Side of Paradise and The Great Gatsby.
Answer: Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald
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Dividing this equation through by the acceleration of gravity gives you the head equation. This law can be derived by integrating the inviscid Newtonian Navier-Stokes equation along a streamline. It gains a term of the specific internal energy if the flow is compressible. A form of local energy conservation for an ideal fluid, it explains the Venturi effect and some aspects of flight. FTP, name this principle, usually stated as v-squared over two plus p over rho plus g z is constant; a principle of fluid mechanics named for a Swiss mathematician.
Answer: Bernoulli's principle (or Bernoulli's equation; accept similar phrases involving Bernoulli)
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Dasius Altinius, who betrayed the city of Arpi to Hannibal, claimed descent from this man. Following the blasphemous speech of Acmon, several of this man's companions were turned into "snowy swans." Kometes, the son of Sthenelos, took over this man's kingdom as part of a plot with his wife Aigialeia, prompting him to found a new city, Argyripa, in Italy. Like Sthenelos, he was a member of the Epigonoi's expedition against Thebes to avenge their fathers. During his aristeia in Book V of the Iliad, this son of Tydeus wounded both Aphrodite and Ares with the help of his patron, Athena. FTP, identify these great Greek hero, who shares his name with the Thracian owner of man-eating horses stolen by Hercules.
Answer: Diomedes
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This man cross-dressed and posed for many photos as his female alter ego, Rose Selavy. One of his works was inspired by the positions of three lengths of thread allowed to fall at random, Three Standard Stoppages. Another of his works was accidentally shattered and depicts nine "Malic Molds" presided over by an insectoid mechanical form in the top panel, The Bride Stripped Bare By Her Bachelors, Even. More famous is a work signed "R. Mutt" and another that was inspired by Etienne-Jules Marey's stop-motion photography and scandalized the 1913 Armory Show. FTP, name this artist of the readymade Fountain and Nude Descending a Staircase.
Answer: Marcel Duchamp
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This term was inspired by an event that saw a man walk around singing "Killing Me Softly." Shawn Hornbeck was an apparent sufferer of this who was discovered after police located Michael J. Devlin. In another example, Brian David Mitchell was able to transport a girl to public places wearing a veil. The most famous sufferer used the name Tania during her involvement in the Sunset District branch of the Hibernia Bank. FTP, name this psychological response displayed by Elizabeth Smart and Patty Hearst in which a hostage becomes sympathetic with their kidnapper, named for a bank robbery in the Swedish capital.
Answer: Stockholm syndrome or capture-bonding
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In one of this author's short stories, Richard Morrison quits smoking after the title organization administers electric shocks to his family members. In one of his novels, Ray Garrity wins the title competition, only to go insane after the death of Stebbins. In another of his novels, Charlie McGee burns down the Shop after her father is shot by John Rainbird, while yet another begins with a virus wiping out 99.4 percent of America's population, resulting in a struggle between the "Boulder Free Zone" and Randall Flagg. He published his novels Roadwork, Thinner, and The Long Walk under the pseudonym Richard Bachman. FTP, name this contemporary author of horror novels like Firestarter, Misery, and The Stand.
Answer: Stephen King
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This region contains a crater lake called Bikrat Ram fed by an underground spring as well as the village of Majdal Shams. Its central section is home to the Valley of Tears and extends from the Jilabun valley to the Daliyot while its southern section reaches to the Yarmouk River. It contains the ruins of Gamla and its de facto capital is the planned town of Katzrin. It is bounded on the east by the Hauron plain and on the north by Mount Hermon. FTP, name this rocky plateau to the east of the Sea of Galilee, a region constantly disputed between Syria and Israel.
Answer: Golan Heights
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The protagonist of this work enjoys the prelude to Wagner's Tannhauser, believing that it reflects the tragedy of his own soul. He attempts to console himself by dating Hetty Merton, whose heart he does not break, unlike that of his first love, a Shakespearean actress from the slums of London. That woman, Sybil Vane, commits suicide after she is rejected by the protagonist. He is driven to this life of sin by Henry Wotton, whose hedonistic world view convinces the protagonist to wish that he could remain young while Basil Hallward's title creation could grow old. However, the protagonist stabs the title painting at the end of, FTP, which novel by Oscar Wilde?
Answer: The Picture of Dorian Gray
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A particular type of these that loses angular momentum very quickly is exemplified by SGR-1806-20, which had a major event on Dec. 27, 2004. The cores of these are not well understood, but may consist of differentially rotating strange fluid, explaining their equatorial bulges. Proposed by Baade and Zwicky, these include magnetars and have an upper mass limit named for Tolman, Volkov, and Oppenheimer because they are held together by degeneracy pressure from their namesake particles. FTP, name these stars, usually the remnants of supernovas, that are named for the fact that they are mostly comprised of uncharged nucleons.
Answer: neutron stars [prompt on pulsars or magnetars before "namesake particles"]
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Quintus Sertorius sought recognition from this man for his revolt in Spain, while Appuleius Saturninus insulted an embassy from him, resulting in a trial on capitol charges. From his base in Aesernia, Poppaedius Silo requested aid from this man during the Social War without success. He dispatched armies under Archelaus to take Athens, but these were defeated at Chaeronea and Orchomenus. A second namesake war was sparked by the aggressions of Lucius Licinius Murena, while a third and final one was caused by the Roman annexation of Bithynia and Cyrene and saw him beat Lucius Licinius Lucullus, before his ultimate defeat. FTP, name this king of Pontus, against whom both Sulla and Pompey won much of their renown.
Answer: Mithridates VI Eupator of Pontus
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One character in this work marries a man from the army some time after the Larins celebrate her sister's name day. Zaretsky has several chances to prevent a duel between the title character and a minor poet, the latter of whom is shot in the ensuing showdown, due to the title character's dances with Olga. Olga's romantic book-obsessed sister had been introduced to the title character by his friend Lensky, but the title character rejects her and continues his life of boredom in his uncle's estate before returning to Moscow. It is only after she is married to a prince that Tatiana earns the affections of the title character of, FTP, which "novel in verse" by Alexander Pushkin?
Answer: Eugene Onegin [accept Yevgeny Onegin]
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Two major types of these can be converted between by the so-called "subset method." The trajectories of some of these are governed by the Cohen-Kung theorem; these include Langdon's Ant. Formally type-0 mininal automata, these exhaust the space of computable algorithms according to a thesis due to Church and their namesake. They were originally used to demonstrate the undecidability of the Halting Problem and consist of an action table, register, read/write head, and infinite tape. FTP, name these theoretical computing constructs; ideal computers named for a pioneering British computer scientist.
Answer: Turing machines
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Vocabulary unique to this group includes their doctrines of "downpression" and "overstanding" as well as a mystical path to discerning the true meaning of poorly translated scriptures, called "I-and-I." Taking inspiration from the Kebra Negast and the Holy Piby, this group's sects include the Bobos and Twelve Tribes of Israel. Often scorning Babylonian tools, they follow the "conquering lion of the tribe of Judah," a descendent of King David, as Jah incarnate. FTP, name these people who deify Haile Selassie, the late emperor of Ethiopia, and are frequently dreadlocked, ceremonial ganja-smoking followers of a Jamaican religious movement.
Answer: Rastafarians
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This painting's prequel depicts a crowd revolting against turban-wearing men with curved swords, The Charge of the Mamelukes. A six-chimneyed building with a tall spire lies in the background and the central scene is Principe Pio hill. A figure in white kneels and prays next to a man donning red and black who covers his head with his hands, and a figure in green stares with clenched fists at a dead body at his feet. Its most poignant figure lifts his hands in the air and stares helplessly at a line of blue-uniformed French soldiers pointing rifles at a crowd of Spaniards. FTP, name this Goya work depicting a massacre on a certain date.
Answer: The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid [accept anything with the correct date and year]
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He wrote about Lucretius, Dante, and Goethe in his Three Philosophical Poets and his major work in aesthetics asserts that aesthetic value lies in the individual rather than the object. Another work argues that knowledge is a result not of reasoning but rather a belief necessary for action, and he also described the four characteristics of knowledge as matter, essence, spirit, and truth. The author of The Sense of Beauty, Scepticism and Animal Faith, and Realms of Being, FTP, identify this Spanish-American philosopher and author of The Last Puritan who, in his The Life of Reason, wrote, "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."
Answer: George Santayana
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After becoming concerned about unemployment near her vacation home, she founded the nonprofit furniture factory Val-Kill Industries. She taught at the Todhunter School for Girls in the 1920's and took a prominent role in the labor movement by founding the Women's Trade Union League. Also active as a journalist, she produced a syndicated newspaper column until 1962 entitled "My Day". This first head of the UN Civil Rights Commission intervened to allow Marian Anderson to perform at the Lincoln Memorial. FTP, name this First Lady of the United States from 1932 to 1945.
Answer: Eleanor Roosevelt [prompt on Roosevelt]
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During this engagement, one general toasted the opponent's artillery, only to be splattered with mud soon after, prompting him to order the emplacement captured. Prior to the battle, the invading forces prepared by creating what has commonly been called the "Cracker Line," a brainchild of George Thomas. William Sherman was stalled in his attempts to take Tunnel Hill, and one portion of this battle is often called the "Battle Above the Clouds." Additionally featuring assaults on Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, this is, FTP, which Civil War battle in which Ulysses Grant defeated Braxton Bragg at a large Tennessee city?
Answer: Battle of Chattanooga
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The first type of this entity relies on TAP to transport proteasome-processed peptides, allowing them to bind to partially folded units; conversely, the second type cannot bind until its complexed invariant chain is exchanged in an endosome. Molecules of the first type become associated with CD8 receptors, while CD4 receptors affiliate with the second type. Originating from gene clusters in an eponymous region, these membrane glycoproteins are expressed codominantly and with high polymorphism. In humans, the human leukocyte antigen refers to, FTP, which adaptive immune complex, whose presentation of antigens activates T and B lymphocytes?
Answer: major histocompatibility complex
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In this work, the close of the Watchman's speech foreshadows the action to come when he says "I speak to those who understand, / but if they fail, I have forgotten everything." The image of the yoke recurs throughout the work, as in line 842, when it refers to a comrade, or as a mark of slavery for the citizens at line 1639 after the chorus has accused one character of "like a woman, wait[ing] the war out." That character, Aegisthus, arrives with his guards after his paramour has announced their murder of the title character, whose death was warranted, they claim, because of the crimes of his father, Atreus, and his murder of Iphigenia. FTP, name this play, the first in Aeschylus's Oresteia, named for the slain Argive king.
Answer: Agamemnon [prompt on Oresteia before it's mentioned]
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According to legend, one of its rulers took his name meaning "forceful one" from an exclamation by his deposed predecessor's daughter. It began with only two towns, Sarnah and Kikuya, but grew rapidly after victories over the Dogon, Mossi, and Tauregs, culminating with the addition of Djenne and Timbuktu to the empire. It was relevant, however, for little over a hundred years due to a 1591 Moroccan invasion. Centered at Gao and known for its merit-based civil service, FTP, name this kingdom whose rulers included Askia Muhammad and Sunni Ali.
Answer: Songhai Empire
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The speaker of one poem in this collection sees "the land of lost content" after his heart is affected by "air that kills." The speaker of another poem in it hears one church bell tolling his death after remembering lying with his lover atop "Bredon Hill". Originally intended to be called The Poems of Terence Hearsay, this collection includes a poem mourning the deaths of "many a rose-lipt maiden / And many a lightfoot lad," titled "With rue my heart is laden," and a poem about the "Loveliest of leaves, the cherry now." FTP, name this poetry collection containing "When I was one-and-twenty" and "To an athlete dying young," the masterpiece of A.E. Housman.
Answer: A Shropshire Lad
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It was born out of the failure of the Fashoda Expedition, which pushed a group led by Eugene Ettienne to first call for it. Secret provisions of it promised expanded access to Spain around the territories at Ceuta and Melilla. Articles 6 and 7 ensured the free passage of the Suez Canal and Strait of Gibraltar, while Article 4 stipulated that no customs duties were to be imposed in Morocco and Egypt. Signed by Lord Lansdowne and Paul Cambon, it was largely proposed by Theophile Declasse and its strength was tested by Germany the following year in the Tangier Crisis. FTP, name this agreement between Britain and France that, with the inclusion of Russia in 1907, expanded to become the Triple Entente.
Answer: the Entente Cordiale [prompt on Anglo-French Entente; accept Declaration between the United Kingdom and France Respecting Egypt and Morocco]
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This substance is key to the Clemmensen reduction and the transformation of nitro to amino groups. It handily removes boiler scale and helps recover zinc from galvinized iron. It also kills bacteria, fungi, and viruses in both its non-flammable gaseous form and as a colorless, acrid liquid. Though insoluble in hydrocarbons, it reacts with all metals except mercury and the noble metals. In the presence of an oxidizing agent, it evolves a respiratory irritant, and with metals, it produces hydrogen gas. With a molecular weight of 36.46 grams per mole, FTP, name this monoprotic strong acid with chemical formula HCl.
Answer: hydrochloric acid (accept muriatic acid; accept HCl before it's mentioned)
 
2007 ACF Fall Bonuses by Harvard B
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They are insulators that can accommodate bound charges. FTPE:,
[10] Name these media, named because of their effect of attenuating the E-field.
Answer: dielectrics
[10] This vector quantity is zero in free space. Its divergence is the bound charge density and it is constant inside an electret.
Answer: the polarization density (prompt on P)
[10] The causality of polarization imposes Kramers-Kronig constraints on this, a measure of the polarizability of a material due to external electric fields.
Answer: the electric susceptibility (prompt on susceptibility or chi-sub-e)
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Opening on the vernal equinox, this work begins with its narrator asking his companion to "Wake! For the sun drives night along" before hearing voices crying from the tavern. FTPE:,
[10] Name this collection of poetry, written in the 12th century, which popularized a four-line verse form of the same name in which where only the third line does not rhyme with the rest.
Answer: The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam
[10] The Rubaiyat was written by this Persian mathematician and philosopher who, according to one biographer, died while reading The Book of Healing by Avicenna.
Answer: Omar Khayyam
[10] Omar Khayyam's Rubaiyat reached its greatest acclaim after being translated by this English author of Polonius and Euphranor: A Dialogue on Youth, in addition to translations of the works of Calderon and Sophocles.
Answer: Edward FitzGerald
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First posited by Guildberg and Waage, this equation actually applies to activity rather than its namesake quantity, but the two are approximately proportional at low concentrations. FTPE:,
[10] Name this law stating that the rate of a chemical reaction is the product of activities of the reactants divided by the product of the activities of the products.
Answer: the law of mass action
[10] The exponents in the law of mass action have this name. They can be obtained by balancing the reaction's chemical equation.
Answer: the stoichiometric coefficients [or stoichiometric numbers; prompt on things like the number of molecules reacting]
[10] The law of mass action dictates that, when a reaction with mass action ratio equal to the rate constant is perturbed, the reaction rate shifts to return the ratio to the rate constant, which is an instance of this general principle.
Answer: Le Chatelier's principle
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Identify the following about religious festivals which fall in November this year FTPE.,
[10] November 24 marks the birthday of this founder of Sikhism.
Answer: Guru Nanak
[10] On November 9, Hindus, Sikhs, and Jains will celebrate this "Festival of Light."
Answer: Diwali or Deepavali
[10] On November 5, this religion celebrates Dehwa Haina. Called the last Gnostic sect on Earth, the sacred book of this Iraq-based group is the Ginsa and they follow the teachings of John the Baptist, rejecting the additions of Jesus.
Answer: the Mandeans [or Mandeanism]
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FTPE, identify the following about periods of Japanese history.,
[10] This flower is found on the royal crest of the current Japanese royal family.
Answer: chrysanthemum
[10] In 710, Empress Genmei established Japan's first capital at this city, modeled after the Chinese Chang'an. It lent its name to the period spanning the following 84 years.
Answer: Nara (accept Heijo-kyo)
[10] In order to quell Nara power struggles, the capital was moved to Kyoto in 795, initiating this period in which the Fujiwara and Genji tribes gained prominence.
Answer: Heian
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Answer these questions about a number of Hilbert's problems FTPE.,
[10] Hilbert's tenth problem asked for an algorithm to determine whether a given one of these equations, whose coefficients and variables must be integers, has a solution.
Answer: Diophantine equations
[10] The first problem asks for proof whether there exists a set whose cardinality is strictly between those of the integers and the real numbers, or in other words, proof or disproof of this proposition of Cantor's.
Answer: the continuum hypothesis
[10] This type of invariant was used to prove that it was impossible to achieve the third problem's goal of reassembling two general polyhedra of equal volumes into one another.
Answer: the Dehn invariant
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It was written during its author's prison stay for treason against Theodoric the Great. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this dialogue in which a lady representing the title concept discusses various philosophical topics with the imprisoned narrator.
Answer: The Consolation of Philosophy [or Consolatio Philosophiae]
[10] This Christian philosopher wrote a seminal textbook on music as well as The Consolation of Philosophy.
Answer: Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
[10] This later philosopher cites Boethius's On the Trinity in his support of the thought of Ibn Gabirol. He is often known as "Doctor Mirabilis" and claimed sciencia potestas est.
Answer: Roger Bacon [prompt on Bacon]
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The Federal Reserve works in mysterious ways. Answer the following about monetary policy FTPE:,
[10] Private banks usually don't resort to borrowing from the Fed, but the Fed can control the federal funds rate by adjusting this rate.
Answer: discount rate (accept discount window, base rate, repo rate, or primary rate)
[10] The most common way of implementing monetary policy is to buy and sell government securities, known as these type of operations.
Answer: Open Market Operations
[10] This is the percentage of total holdings that banks must have on hand to fulfill withdrawal requests; the Fed generally prefers Open Market Operations to adjusting it.
Answer: reserve requirement or required reserve ratio
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Some of his songs are collected in The House of Life and Songs of Travel, and orchestral works include a Fantasia on Greensleeves. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this British composer who also wrote a Sinfonia Antarctica.
Answer: Ralph Vaughan Williams
[10] The best-known of Vaughan Williams's works is a fantasia on this Renaissance English song, which is sometimes attributed to Henry VIII.
Answer: "Greensleeves"
[10] This piece by Vaughan Williams, scored for solo violin and small orchestra, was inspired by poetry by George Meredith and imitates the song of the title creature.
Answer: The Lark Ascending
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Answer these questions about a literary character FTPE.,
[10] In Good Wives, this character is married to Professor Bhaer and begins teaching at Plumfield, the setting of a novel about her "boys."
Answer: Jo March
[10] Jo March is the protagonist of this novel by Louisa May Alcott.
Answer: Little Women
[10] This shy sister of Jo is given a piano by Mr. Laurence and dies of scarlet fever after visiting the Hummel family.
Answer: Beth March [or Elizabeth March]
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Answer some stuff about the geography of Ecuador, FTPE.,
[10] Isabela, San Cristobal, and Santa Cruz belong to this scientifically significant island group 650 miles off the western coast of Ecuador, also known as the Colon Archipelago.
Answer: the Galapagos Islands
[10] This high active volcano sits just south of Quito and destroyed the city of Tacunga in 1698 with an eruption.
Answer: Cotopaxi
[10] This largest and most populous city in Ecuador sits on its namesake gulf and was the site of a key conference in 1822 between Bolivar and San Martin.
Answer: Guayaquil
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All of the gas lines are rerouted in a West Virginia power hub after one character tells Thomas Gabriel that the last time he saw his lover was "at the bottom of an elevator shaft with an SUV rammed up her ass." FTPE:,
[10] Name this 2007 film which starred Bruce Willis as NYPD Detective John McClane, who tries to prevent a "fire sale" and, thus, the downfall of the United States.
Answer: Die Hard 4.0 or Live Free or Die Hard
[10] Off her performance as a member of Ethan Hunt's IMF team in Mission Impossible III, this actress played Thomas Gabriel's lover Mai Linh in Die Hard 4. Randy Daytona gets training from her character in Balls of Fury.
Answer: Maggie Q or Margaret Denise Quigley
[10] Portraying the hacker Matt Farrell was this actor, who played Darry Jenner in Jeepers Creepers and Bartleby Gaines in Accepted. He also portrays the Mac in Apple's Get a Mac commercial in North America.
Answer: Justin Long
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It concerns the fall of a rich businessman after his involvement in the killing of Harold Lamb. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel in which Sherman McCoy takes the blame for a hit and run committed by his mistress, Maria Ruskin.
Answer: The Bonfire of the Vanities
[10] The Bonfire of the Vanities was written by this American author, who wrote about the first seven NASA astronauts in The Right Stuff and a girl not quite ready for college in I Am Charlotte Simmons.
Answer: Tom Wolfe
[10] This "literary journalism novel" by Wolfe follows Ken Kesey after his release from jail and his band of Merry Pranksters as they experiment with LSD and drive around the country in a DayGlo bus.
Answer: The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test
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Its namesake meteor shower peaks in late October while its namesake nebula, M42, is among the most visible nebulae in the sky. FTPE:,
[10] Name this constellation, the most prominent feature of which can be used to locate Sirius and Aldebaran.
Answer: Orion
[10] Forming The Hunter's right shoulder, this star is also known as the "Amazon Star" and is located closer to Earth than most of its visual companions.
Answer: Bellatrix
[10] Among the largest known stars is this alpha star of Orion, a semiregular red supergiant.
Answer: Betelgeuse
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One example of this style is Baglione's Sacred Love Versus Profane Love. FTPE:,
[10] Name this style of painting that contrasts regions of intense light with a dark background whose name literally means "light-dark" in Italian.
Answer: chiaroscuro
[10] Much like Mike Sorice, this master of chiaroscuro liked to sign his works in blood, and some of his masterpieces are Supper at Emmaeus and The Conversion of St. Paul.
Answer: Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio
[10] This work shows the titular figure sitting at Levi's money-table as Christ points him out; it hangs across from a Caravaggio painting depicting the martyrdom of the same central figure.
Answer: The Calling of Saint Matthew
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Assigned the prisoner number 24601 for stealing a loaf of bread, he later assumes the pseudonym Monsieur Madeleine and gives Fantine a job in his glass factory. FTPE:,
[10] Name this fictional character who take care of Fantine's daughter, Cosette, and allows her to marry Marius before he dies at the end of the work in which he appears.
Answer: Jean Valjean [accept either]
[10] Jean Valjean is the protagonist of this Victor Hugo novel.
Answer: Les Miserables [or The Wretched; accept equivalents]
[10] This police inspector tracks Valjean throughout Les Miserables. After being saved from the revolutionaries by Valjean, he is torn between his duties and decides to cope with it by throwing himself into the Seine.
Answer: Monsieur Javert
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It takes place in the house of Lovewit. FTPE:,
[10] Name this play about Subtle, who disguises himself as a member of the title profession in order to defraud characters like Sir Epicure Mammon.
Answer: The Alchemist
[10] The Alchemist was written by this English playwright of Bartholomew Fair and Volpone.
Answer: Ben Jonson
[10] Jonson wrote Eastward Ho! in response to this author's play Westward Ho! He's better known for The Shoemaker's Holiday and The Honest Whore, which he co-wrote with Thomas Middleton.
Answer: Thomas Dekker
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Identify the following assorted Lords Chancellor of England FTPE:,
[10] Lampooned by Dryden in Absalom and Achitophel, this Lord Chancellor under Charles II and Cabal member also served as Chancellor of the Exchequer before falling out of favor due to his connections with various intrigues.
Answer: Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury [accept either]
[10] This early Lord Chancellor rebuilt the Tower of London, but developed an acute case of being murdered after arguing with Henry II a few too many times.
Answer: St. Thomas A Becket [or Thomas of London]
[10] This Catholic Cardinal served as Henry VIII's Lord Chancellor before Thomas More and was a foreign policy wizard, setting up the Field of the Cloth of Gold between Henry and France's Francis I.
Answer: Thomas Cardinal Wolsey
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Answer the following places important in the great westward American expansion FTPE.,
[10] Travel across the continent was greatly aided by the discovery of this path through the Rocky Mountains in Wyoming.
Answer: South Pass
[10] As Lewis and Clark didn't know about South Pass, they were instead forced to traverse this range of the Rockies in Montana and Idaho which was exceptionally difficult.
Answer: the Bitterroot Mountains
[10] Both the Oregon Trail and Lewis and Clark ended up in the valley of this river. It could be reached by the Barlow Toll Road.
Answer: the Columbia River
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Answer the following about a particular piece of legislation FTPE.,
[10] This 1913 legislation lowered the rates from the earlier Payne-Aldrich Tariff and called for a federal income tax.
Answer: the Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act
[10] The federal income tax had in fact just been reinstated earlier in 1913 with the passage of this Constitutional Amendment.
Answer: the Sixteenth Amendment
[10] The Sixteenth Amendment was necessitated by this 1895 Supreme Court decision, which called taxes on real estate direct taxes, thus forcing them to be levied in proportion with a state's population.
Answer: Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Co. [accept either]
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FTPE, identify the following about deities associated with death and the underworld in Greek mythology.,
[10] Little more than the deified concept of death, this god, whose name translates as death, was the twin of Hypnos and the son of Nyx and Erebus, according to Hesiod's Theogony.
Answer: Thanatos
[10] Functioning as a sort of psychopomp, this son of Erebus served as a ferryman across the Styx for those souls needing to pass into the Underworld.
Answer: Charon
[10] This son of Zeus and the water nymph Aegina was the leader of the Myrmidons in life and one of the three judges of the underworld in death.
Answer: Aeacus
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Some of his better known paintings are Blue Poles and No. 5. FTPE:,
[10] Name this artist often known as "The Dripper."
Answer: Paul Jackson Pollock
[10] Pollock was a leading figure in this art movement whose name was coined by Robert Coates; other important artists of this movement include Arshile Gorky and Barnett Newman.
Answer: Abstract Expressionism
[10] Perhaps Jackson's best-known work is this predominantly purple painting interspersed with white and black drippings that is alternately titled No. 1, 1950.
Answer: Lavender Mist
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Answer the following about lesser-known "Wars of Succession" from European history FTPE:,
[10] The Breton War of Succession saw the English back Jean de Montfort for the throne of John III over Charles de Blois and Jeanne of Penthievre as part of this much larger Anglo-French "war" during the 14th and 15th centuries.
Answer: the Hundred Years' War
[10] A Hapsburn-Bourbon war over the succession of this nation saw Augustus II replaced by Augustus III. Weakness caused by this conflict contributed to its first Partition occurred after the death of Augustus' successor, Stanislaw II.
Answer: the Kingdom of Poland
[10] The War of Bavarian Succession saw this Habsburg co-regent of his mother, Maria Theresa, lead his men in the field in Bavaria against Frederick the Great's men, with the Peace of Teschen seeing a small territorial gain for Austria.
Answer: Joseph II

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