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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by Harvard A + New College
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In one work, this composer adapted the opening theme from the first section "Arietta" into a waltz for the last segment entitled, "Remembrances," and he wrote an "air" in andante religioso for a work written "in old style" dedicated to a playwright. In addition to Lyric Pieces and the Holberg Suite, one of his works has sections titled "Anitra's Dance" and "Morning Mood" and a sharp cymbal crash represents the destruction of a mountain as trolls are chasing the title character in the movement, "In the Hall of the Mountain King." For 10 points, name this composer, who wrote the Peer Gynt Suites, a noted Norwegian.
Answer: Edvard Hagerup Grieg
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One attack on this place was thwarted when the Sicilian pirate Margarito of Brinidisi made off with some unattended ships. It would later change hands after the battle of Tremetusia, when Isaac Comnenos took Berengaria captive, leading to an invasion by Richard I. It was briefly held by the Templars before they sold it to the reigning king of Jerusalem, Guy of Lusignan. Famagusta was the last of its strongholds to fall to the Ottomans, under whose control the native Greek majority were repressed by the Turkish minority. For 10 points, name this island, which was invaded by Turkey in 1974 and remains divided along ethnic lines today.
Answer: Cyprus
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This man claimed that if Hamlet were reported in a newspaper, it wouldn't be transcendent, showing that "the expression of the object" of art can transform tragedy into beauty. In one work he offered sprit, truth, essence, and matter as the four categories of reality, and he argued that no real knowledge can be gained in an "instant of awareness" in a work that asserts belief does not derive from reasoning, but is an inevitable idea necessary for a man to act. This thinker wrote A Sense of Beauty and Realms of Being. For 10 points, name this author of Skepticism and Animal Faith, who said, "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."
Answer: George Santayana
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This ruler allied his kingdom with Spain in the Treaty of Medina del Campo, and his chancellor John Morton raised funds from the nobility with a namesake fork. He executed the Earl of Warwick, the last man to bear the name Plantagenet. He ended a rebellion at the Battle of Stoke, defeating Lincoln and the pretender Lambert Simnel, and he faced another rebellion from Perkin Warbeck, who claimed to be the younger son of Edward IV. He came to power with the help of Northumberland and the Stanleys, who switched allegiances at Bosworth Field. For 10 points, name this man, who overthrew Richard III and ended the Wars of the Roses, the first Tudor king of England.
Answer: Henry VII [prompt on Henry Tudor]
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One man in this work is offended when he cannot find the source of a name engraved on a cigarette case, and later quips that only relatives or creditors ring in a "Wagnerian manner" after his aunt finds that all of the cucumber sandwiches are gone. One character tells a man she just met that they've been engaged three months, and writes letters three times a week in her diary. Another character gets Reverend Chasuble to rechristen him. Miss Prism's revelation that she left a baby in a bag in a cloakroom leads Lady Bracknell to approve Gwendolen Fairfax's marriage to Jack Worthing. For 10 points, name this play about the significance of a certain name, by Oscar Wilde.
Answer: The Importance of Being Earnest
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Fort Good Hope lies along this river, which is located west of the Franklin mountains after passing by Wrigley. The Laird River joins it near Fort Simpson, and Richards Island is the largest island located near its delta, which lies to the west of Richardson Mountains and is bounded by Shoalwater Bay. It initially flows to the west, south of Horn Plateau, but turns north, running parallel to its namesake mountains eventually emptying into the Beaufort Sea. It originates at the Great Slave Lake, and is named for a man, who initially called it "Disappointment River" after navigating its course in 1789. For 10 points, name this longest river in Canada.
Answer: Mackenzie River
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Sutherland's formula gives this quantity for ideal gases, and like thermal conductivity, it can be found by applying Green-Kubo relations to the Navier-Stokes transport coefficients. Euler's fluid equations assume a zero value for this quantity, and the Grashof number is inversely proportional to its square. The no-slip condition generally exacerbates its effects, and it has dynamic and kinematic varieties. The Reynolds number is inversely proportional to this quantity, and it is constant for Newtonian fluids. For 10 points, identify this quantity, the ratio of shear stress to shear velocity, used as a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow.
Answer: viscosity
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This man clerked for Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. and served as an assistant to the son-in-law of Woodrow Wilson, Francis B. Sayre, which he described in his autobiography Recollections of a Life. He met with a man he knew as George Crosley, while Igor Gouzenko and Elizabeth Bentley helped identify him. Along with Harry Dexter White, he was implicated by the Moynihan commission using information from the Venona project. He was the subject of the "pumpkin papers" as well as a testimony by Whittaker Chambers that accused him of espionage. For 10 points, name this state department official convicted of perjury in connection to being a Soviet spy.
Answer: Alger Hiss
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Descartes proposed a thought experiment in which all one has of this is due to a demon, and Quine's argument that no statement can be truly analytic allows him to support a doctrine holding that certainty in this is impossible, called fallibilism. The Gettier problem questions the traditional formulation that a statement's truth and its belief implies that it is this, while another philosopher discussed how this can be derived either through statements about "relations of ideas" or through "matters of fact" in Hume's fork. For 10 points, identify this concept defined as the intersection of what is true and believed, the theory of which is called epistemology.
Answer: knowledge [prompt on epistemology]
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This man first made a name for himself by capturing the Aristobulus II and taking the city of Pelusium, both while serving under Aulus Gabinius. His stepfather was executed for his part in the Cataline conspiracy on orders from Cicero, who would go on to make a series of speeches against this man modeled after Demosthenes's Philippics before this man had him proscribed. At Pharsalus he commanded the victorious left flank and led a cavalry charge to secure victory for Caesar, and during Caesar's campaigns in Africa he controlled Rome as Master of Horse. For 10 points, name this man whose defeat at Actium by Octavian led to his suicide along with Cleopatra.
Answer: Mark Antony [or Marcus Antonius]
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One of his title characters has a vision of Enceladus' attack on the Mount of Titans before he drinks poison with his sister Isabel Banford. In another of his novels, Charlie Noble rejects Frank's loan, and the title character pretends to be an employee of the Seminole Widow, Orphan Society, and a beggar named Black Guinea; those works are Pierre; or the Ambiguities and The Confidence Man. One of his characters irritates Nipper and Ginger Nut, formerly worked at the Dead Letters Office, and uses the refrain "I would prefer not to," while another quarrels with Claggart aboard the Indomitable. For 10 points, name this author of "Bartleby the Scrivener," Billy Budd, and Moby Dick.
Answer: Herman Melville
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A dissimilarity characteristic for these objects is defined by Otter's theorem and is useful for analyzing Husimi ones. Rosa's conjecture concerns whether they may be gracefully labeled. The 2-3 version is a special variety of the B version of them. The zig, zig-zig, and zig-zag steps are used in creating the "splay" type of them, which uses much less memory than the AVL and red-black varieties. Kruskal and Prim name algorithms for finding their minimum spanning variety. For 10 points, name this class of graphs without double edges or cycles, which, in computer science, is a data structure that has a binary search variety, whose bottommost nodes are called leaves.
Answer: trees
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Jacobus de Voragine's Golden Legend relates that this figure was a king of Canaan inspired by a hermit to take up the occupation for which he was most famous. He was martyred during the persecutions of Decius, where he was decapitated and his large body was dragged through the streets, and in some stories he is described as a dog-headed cannibal. The most famous legend surrounding this figure centered on a child who turned his staff into a palm tree after this man helped him cross a raging stream. For 10 points, name this patron saint of travelers, who once carried a very heavy Christ child across a river, an act from which his name is derived.
Answer: St. Christopher [or St. Christoforos]
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The presence of Schuffner's dots indicates infection by members of it, and its erythrocytic stage proceeds from merozoite to trophozoite to schizont and follows repeated segmentation at the end of the liver stage. Immunity to the disease it causes is conferred by carrying an allele of sickle-cell anemia, therefore demonstrating the heterozygote advantage. Varieties that infect birds are carried by Culex, and a phase of male gametogenesis called exflagellation was used to observe its falciparum species. This microorganism is commonly transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito. For 10 points, identify this genus of protazoa that causes malaria.
Answer: Plasmodium
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One of this man's works contains a naked man holding a bucket showering himself on a plain, while another features a man in a red uniform holding a cherry tree while a boy holds an axe. In addition to Sultry Night and Parson Weems' Fable, he depicted a white church in the middle of a dark town as a man on horseback hurries to the left in one painting, and another work shows the title figures standing in front of a copy of Washington Crossing the Delaware. For 10 points, name this painter of The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere and Daughters of Revolution, an American regionalist best known for a portrait of his dentist and his sister in American Gothic.
Answer: Grant Wood
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Generally, output shocks cause this quantity to move in the same direction as deflated stock prices, but move in opposite ways from normal stock prices. Serletis treats variations in it as being a random walk, and Keynes notably believed this quantity was unstable, changing with the interest rate. It may be determined nationally as the ratio between the GDP and the money supply, while Irving Fisher believed it is stable and independent of the other variables in his quantity theory of money, where it can be given by his equation of exchange as "PT over M." For 10 points, give this term denoting how often a unit of money is spent over a time interval.
Answer: velocity of money
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He described art as an expression of human drive in his On the Aesthetic Education of Man. In one of his plays Eboli offers false testimony to the Duke of Alva against the title character, who is distraught because his beloved, Elizabeth de Valois, has married his father Philip II, while another of his plays sees Davison punished by Elizabeth regarding the death warrant of the title figure. In addition to Don Carlos and Mary Stuart, he wrote about the struggles of two aristocratic siblings, Karl and Franz Moor. For 10 points, name this author of The Robbers, who wrote about the enemy of Gessler in William Tell and also wrote "Ode to Joy."
Answer: Friedrich von Schiller
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The efficacy of the Boord olefin synthesis prevents ones with vicinal alkoxy groups from being synthesized. Particularly hindered ones react by single-electron transfer, but normally their namesake reaction uses two equivalents of them to generate a six-membered ring for a transition state. Reactions involving them must be carried out in aprotic solvents, and the only way to produce ones incorporating fluorine requires a metal powder named for Rieke. For 10 points, name these organometallic reagents, most commonly used as nucleophiles for reducing carbonyl groups to alcohols, which could be known as alkyl or aryl magnesium halides.
Answer: Grignard reagents [prompt on alkyl magnesium halides or aryl magnesium halides]
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The northlander Trendhorn got his eye put out by a chess piece when he was spying on this figure, while Fergus mac Roich was prevented by his geis from pursuing her. She was heard to cry out while still in her mother's womb, leading the druid Cathbad to prophesy that she would bring about the downfall of her house. Though she was the daughter of Feidlimid, the king decreed that she must be raised by Leabharcham, and she eventually fell in love with the brother of Ardan and Ainnle, Naoise mac Uisnech. For 10 points, identify this woman, who committed suicide after being recaptured by Conchobar mac Nessa, a Celtic figure whose beauty brought about much sadness.
Answer: Dierdre of the Sorrows [or Derdriu]
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In this author's first novel, Eugene Dawn is driven to insanity by his work on the Vietnam Project. In his next novel, Magda, the daughter of a sheep farmer, clashes with her father for taking a black mistress. In addition to Dusklands and In the Heart of the Country, he wrote a work in which Susan Barton meets Friday and Cruso, Foe. He is better known for a novel about Melanie's affair with Professor David Lurie, which leads to the title condition, and another about the titular hare-lipped gardener, who escapes from a "retraining camp" hospital and returns to Cape Town. For 10 points, name this South African author of Disgrace and The Life and Times of Michael K.
Answer: John Maxwell Coetzee
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TB. The Noril's-Talnakh type of these structures are ultramafic examples thought to have been created by plume magmatism. The "bell jar" type of these are special cases of the bysmalith type, and dedimentary ones may develop when excessive lithostatic pressure allows fluid pressure to rise high enough to crack a stratum of rock and carry sediment up the crack. Especially large ones are frequently called batholiths, but the best known varieties are mostly vertical and mostly horizontal, called, respectively, dikes and sills. For 10 points, give the term that usually denotes a formation of crystallized magma underground, a deposit of plutonic igneous rock.
Answer: intrusions
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by Harvard A + New College
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The "Profession of the Savoyard Priest" is one section in this work. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this work that details the upbringing of the title character, who marries Sophie and is not introduced to religion until the age of sixteen.
Answer: Emile; or, On Education
[10] This work asserts that "man is born free, yet he is everywhere in chains," discusses the "general will" and argues the state is a natural occurrence deriving from the needs of the people.
Answer: The Social Contract, Or Principles of Political Right
[10] This author of Reveries of a Solitary Walker, a French philosopher, wrote Emile and The Social Contract.
Answer: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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In the virial equation, the compressibility factor is described as an infinite series in terms of this quantity. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this quantity, the conjugate to pressure.
Answer: volume
[10] Pressure and volume are inversely proportional according to this equation of state, sometimes also named for Mariotte.
Answer: Boyle's law
[10] This generalization of the ideal gas law, named for a Dutchman, invokes two parameters "a and b," so it can account for gases with nonzero particle size and nonzero intermolecular force.
Answer: Van der Waals equation
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It was founded in Philadelphia by a group of nine tailors, and its leaders took the title "Grand Master Workman." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this all-inclusive labor union founded in 1869 by Uriah Stephens and eventually replaced in prominence by the AFL.
Answer: Knights of Labor
[10] This son of Irish immigrants and supporter of the Greenback Party succeeded Uriah Stevens as Grand Master Workman in 1879. He was known for his dogged opposition to Chinese immigrants and child labor.
Answer: Terence Vincent Powderly
[10] Although not necessarily involved, the reputation of the Knight of Labor was damaged by this May 5, 1886 incident, where an anarchist threw a bomb into a rally at an important Chicago landmark.
Answer: Haymarket Square Riot
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This work appears beside the aerial view of the George Washington in Robert Rauschenberg's silkscreen Barge. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this work whose title figure looks into a mirror held by Cupid, who himself stands in front of a bright red curtain.
Answer: Rokeby Venus [prompt on Toilet of Venus]
[10] This Spanish artist painted the Rokeby Venus in addition to creating a portrait showing Pope Innocent X seated in a red chair. His other works include Los Borrachos.
Answer: Diego Velazquez
[10] Velazquez included a portrait of himself in this painting that depicts the Infanta Margarita and some dwarves, who stand by a giant mastiff.
Answer: Las Meninas [or Maids of Honour]
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Smalltalk exemplifies its "pure" type, in which there is no difference between values that represent its titular constructs and those that represent primitives. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this programming paradigm which deemphasizes the use of procedures in favor of better-encapsulated actors and methods, displayed by such languages as C++ and Java.
Answer: object-oriented programming [accept OOP]
[10] This term, one of the tenets of OOP, refers to the ability of methods to accept as input a variety of types of objects.
Answer: polymorphism [accept word forms]
[10] The first few chapters of this influential book, written by the "Gang of Four," discuss useful techniques and common problems in OOP; the remaining chapters discuss the titular reusable software-creation solutions.
Answer: Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software
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Name the Polynesian island nations from descriptions, for 10 points each.,
[10] Formerly known as the Ellice Islands, this nation earns much of its revenue from its Internet domain name "tv."
Answer: Tuvalu
[10] Formerly known as the Gilbert Islands, this nation moved the International Date Line east in 1998, so it would be the first country to welcome the new millennium.
Answer: Kiribati [pronounced KEE-ree-bus]
[10] Made of the Ratak Islands on the east and Ralik Islands on the west, this nation's many atolls served as a testing ground for U.S. nuclear weapons. Its capital is the Majuro Atoll.
Answer: Marshall Islands
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Name some famous archaeologists, for 10 points each.,
[10] This noted asshole is generally believed to have "enhanced" the find he labeled "Priam's treasure," discovered during his excavation of Troy.
Answer: Heinrich Schliemann
[10] This man followed up Minos Kalokairinos's work on Crete and labeled the civilization that he discovered there Minoan.
Answer: Sir Arthur Evans
[10] This archaeologist worked with T. E. Lawrence at Carchemish before leading the 1920's excavation of Ur.
Answer: Sir Leonard Woolley
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Name these Baroque composers, for 10 points each.,
[10] This composer featured the "Aria Sebaldina" named after the St. Sebaldus Church in the last section of his set of six variations Hexachordum Apollinis, while he is best known for his Canon in D.
Answer: Johann Pachelbel
[10] J. S. Bach once traveled to Lubeck to study this German-Danish composer's Abendmusik organ concerts. He composed nineteen organ preludes and created the seven-cantata cycle Membra Jesu Nostri.
Answer: Dieterich Buxtehude
[10] This court composer of Louis XIV wrote operas based on Moliere's The Love Doctor and The Bourgeois Gentleman, and also composed Acis and Galatea and Armide. The rival of Rameau, he died from an infection when he slammed his own foot keeping time with a staff.
Answer: Jean Baptiste Lully
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The protagonist has a relationship with a cafe owner, Francoise, and encounters a man who is reading all of the books in the local library alphabetically. For 10 points each:,
[10] Antoine Roquentin deals with a "sweetish sickness" in this novel.
Answer: Nausea [accept La Nausee]
[10] This existentialist author of Nausea wrote about Garcin, Ines, and Estelle in No Exit.
Answer: Jean-Paul Sartre
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They are the creators of such children's albums as Here Come the ABCs, Here Come the 123s, and the upcoming Here Comes Science. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this band consisting primarily of Johns Flansburgh and Linnell, whose works include the Malcolm in the Middle theme song "Boss of Me" and the songs "Experimental Film," "Ana Ng," and "Don't Let's Start."
[10] This They Might Be Giants song, a single from 1990's Flood, is sung from the perspective of a nightlight, the "blue canary in the outlet by the light switch/who watches over you."
Answer: Orestes They Might Be Giants
[10] Videos for the TMBG songs "Istanbul (Not Constantinople)" and "Particle Man" were created for this Warner Bros. animated show, which starred such characters as Babs and Buster Bunny and Plucky Duck.
Answer: "Birdhouse in Your Soul"
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Identify the following from the wide world of American sculpture, for 10 points each.,
[10] His The Cockeyed Propeller and Three Wings stabiles stood in front of the World Trade Center before it was destroyed, though he's more famous for such mobiles as Lobster Trap and Fish Tail.
Answer: Alexander "Sandy" Calder
[10] This earthwork sculpture, created in 1970 by Robert Smithson, juts 1500 feet out off of Rozel Point in the Great Salt Lake.
Answer: Spiral Jetty
[10] Busts created by this Neoclassical sculptor include one of Eve Disconsolate and one possibly of Nathaniel Hawthorne, but he's most famous for his The Greek Slave.
Answer: Hiram Powers
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He wrote about a grandmother, who while talking with a young man next to her doing calisthenics, realizes he is the Angel of Death in The Sandbox. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Three Tall Women, who also wrote A Delicate Balance and Seascape.
Answer: Edward Albee
[10] Perhaps the best-known work of Albee, this play sees George and Martha entertain Nick and Honey. Martha eventually answers "I am" to the title query.
Answer: Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
[10] Jerry impales himself on a knife held by Peter at the end of this Albee play, which begins when the two men begin a conversation on a bench in Central Park.
Answer: Zoo Story
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Symptoms that accompany it frequently include skin thinning, excessive sweating, rapid weight gain, and even insomnia. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this endocrine disease, resulting from high levels of cortisol in the blood, whose exogenous form occurs due to steroid use.
Answer: Cushing's syndrome [prompt on hypercortisolism or hyperadrenocorticism]
[10] Cortisol is produced in these glands, whose other major secretions include catecholamines. As their name indicates, they are located above the kidneys.
Answer: adrenal glands
[10] One of cortisol's many functions is the stimulation of this part of the brain, along with epinephrin, to form flashbulb memories. It is perhaps named for its resemblance of a certain marine animal.
Answer: hippocampus
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Identify these deities associated with war who are not Matt Weiner, for 10 points each.,
[10] An upward-pointing arrow is the rune associated with this Norse god, who lost a hand to Fenrir and is fated to kill and be killed by Garm at Ragnarok.
Answer: Tyr [accept such annoying cognates as Tiwaz, Ziu, or Tyz]
[10] This god, Jupiter, and Quirinus made up the earliest Capitoline triad. His sons included Romulus and Remus, and he had an ongoing affair with Venus.
Answer: Mars Silvanus [I guess you can accept silly things like Mavors, Mamers, Marmor, Marmar, or Maris; there are also like a million acceptable surnames; do not accept Ares]
[10] The son of Coatlicue and a ball of feathers, this Aztec "hummingbird on the left" killed Coyolxauhqui [koh-yol-shahw-"key"] and most of his 400 other siblings shortly after his birth.
Answer: Huitzilopochtli
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[10] Name this collection of ten poems, which begins with the lament, "Who, if I cried out, would hear me among the angels' orders?" and was written while its author was visiting an Italian castle.,
[10] This author of Letters to a Young Poet and "The Archaic Torso of Apollo" wrote The Duino Elegies.
[10] Rilke wrote a series of fifty-five sonnets to this mythological figure, whose story is adapted to a 1930s traveling circus troupe by Jean Anouilh in the play Eurydice.
Answer: The Duino Elegies Rainer Maria Rilke
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Answer these questions about a period of time when Spain wasn't on top, the early nineteenth century, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man held the title of King of Spain from 1808 to 1813, controlling it in the name of his younger brother, an emperor of France.
Answer: Joseph Bonaparte [prompt on Bonaparte]
[10] Bonaparte was expelled from Spain in the Peninsular War, largely by British forces commanded by this man. He would later command the forces at Waterloo.
Answer: Arthur Wellesley, first Duke of Wellington [accept either]
[10] Prior to Bonaparte taking the crown, Napoleon forced Spain to sign this treaty, which returned the Louisiana Territory to France. The United States and Spain later disputed what territory it exactly referred to, particularly West Florida.
Answer: Third Treaty of San Ildefonso
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Its time derivative is torque. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this quantity, classically given by the cross product of position and linear momentum.
Answer: angular momentum
[10] Under this theorem, angular momentum may be considered as a two-form, the conserved charge that results from rotational invariance. In general it can be applied to any symmetry.
Answer: Noether's theorem
[10] The quantum mechanical angular momentum of a subatomic particle is always a multiple of this constant, equal to Planck's constant over two pi.
Answer: Dirac's constant [or h-bar]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Vinegar Tasters favorably depicts its founder alongside the founders of contemporary religions. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Chinese religion, which venerates the Three Pure Ones and the Jade Emperor. It includes such principles as de, pu, wuwei, and its namesake "way" or "path."
Answer: Taoism [or Daoism]
[10] This legendary author of the Tao Te Ching was the founder of Taoism. His successor was Zhuangzi.
Answer: Laozi [or Lao Tzu or like a million other vowel changes; prompt on Taishang Laojun ]
[10] This group of Taoist divines was led by Zhongli Quan or Lu Dongbin, and included figures like Iron-Crutch Li, who inhabited the body of a lame beggar after his dumbass apprentice burned his real body while his soul was away.
Answer: Eight Immortals [or Eight Genies, accept Baxian or Pa-hsien]
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Identify the following about Caribbean literature, for 10 points each.,
[10] Antoinette Cosway's life is changed when her husband renames her "Bertha" and she goes crazy, in the Jean Rhys novel Wide Sargasso Sea, which features characters from this Charlotte Bronte novel.
Answer: Jane Eyre
[10] This St. Lucian author of the plays In a Fine Castle and Dream on Monkey Mountain is probably more famous for writing Omeros.
Answer: Derek Alton Walcott
[10] Her stream-of-consciousness piece "Girl" was later incorporated into her collection At the Bottom of the River. This Antiguan woman is better known for such novels as Mr. Potter, Lucy, and Annie John.
Answer: Jamaica Kincaid [accept Elaine Cynthia Potter Richardson]
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The House of Albizzi originally dominated its politics, and its long-standing war with Milan was ended by a treaty signed with Francesco Sforza. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this Italian city, which housed opinionated people like Savonarola and Machiavelli.
Answer: Florence
[10] This family succeeded Albizzi as the dominant family in Florence. Notable members include Cosimo, who signed the Peace of Lodi, and Lorenzo the Magnificent, who was targeted in the Pazzi Conspiracy.
Answer: de Medici
[10] This event, an uprising of guildless wool carders, signaled the end of the Albizzi era in Florence. Giovanni de Medici took power in the aftermath.
Answer: Ciompi Revolt
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It called for the creation of a Council of State and limited high offices to Princes, territorial lords, and nobles. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this document, which called for westernization and reform at the end of the Tokugawa dynasty in Japan.
Answer: Charter Oath [or Oath in Five Articles]
[10] The Charter Oath ushered in this period of imperial rule in Japan, which saw the creation of a new constitution in 1889 and brought about rapid modernization to Japan.
Answer: Meiji restoration
[10] The Meiji emperor put down this 1877 rebellion, led by Saigo Takamori, who lamented the loss of power of his fellow Samurais. It fought its last battle at Shiroyama.
Answer: Satsuma rebellion

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