Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_5nu3pe7rntjiln889gtt9kt073, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by Georgia A + Pitt B
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One part of this work uses the example of ordinary people calling a whale a fish, while scientists defining a whale as a mammal in a discussion of the difference between nominal and real essences. Book Two distinguishes between primary and secondary qualities in objects, and argues that sensations form the foundation for simple ideas, which build into complex ideas of two types: mode and substance. Arguing against the Cartesian belief in innate ideas, this work claims that knowledge derives from experience. Asserting that men are born with minds like a blank slate. For 10 points, identify this work by John Locke.
Answer: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of this author's protagonists seeks his father in a classified ad before strangling Karima. In another of his works, a young man kills his boss on the same day that his country's president is shot. This author of The Search and The Day the Leader Died wrote about Hamida, who is lured into prostitution by Ibrahim Faraj in one work, and another novel centers on sons that are cast out of their father's house who live in an alley. Midaq Alley and Children of Gebelawi, for 10 points, are works by this author of Sugar Street, Palace Walk, and Palace of Desire, which comprise his Cairo Trilogy.
Answer: Naguib Mahfouz
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One example of his action occurred because of confusion over whether O.J. Simpson or Chad Ogea (oh-JAY-ah) was in a car chase. The CHARLEE Foundation benefits from the sale of a wine that replaces the third word of this phrase with "Merlot." An internet parody of this action saw its progenitor placing Yellow Pages on charcoal, a riff on one example of this action that saw a barbeque grill reach a $99,999,999 price on eBay. This behavior led to such incidents as high-fiving a fan after making a catch in Baltimore and taking potty breaks in the Green Monster. For 10 points, name this behavior that stems from the whackiness of a certain Dodgers' outfielder.
Answer: "Manny being Manny"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This text is often paired with the Testimonies of Three Witnesses and Eight Witnesses. One section of this work centers on a group of people whose rulers included Coriantumr and Jared. Its first section details a man who receives a "ball of curious workmanship" after he and his father receive the "Tree of Life" vision. In addition to the books of Ether and Nephi, it describes the colonization of the Americas by the descendents of Lehi, and it contains an account of Jesus Christ's visit to the Americas after his death and resurrection. Originally inscribed in "Reformed Egyptian" on gold plates and translated by Joseph Smith, for 10 points, name this founding text of a Utah-based religion.
Answer: The Book of Mormon: Another Testament of Jesus Christ [accept The Book of Mormon: An Account Written by the Hand of Mormon upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
During the Civil War, this state saw Confederate raiders rob the St. Albans bank, and in 1883 it was the site of a copper mine riot called the Ely War. Connecticut's Roger Griswold brawled with a representative of this state, Matthew Lyon, and it copied Pennsylvania's Constitution when it became a breakaway republic during the Revolution. This was the only state carried by Anti-Masonic candidate William Wirt in 1832, and a group from this state opposed the New York annexation of the New Hampshire Grants and captured Fort Ticonderoga. For 10 points, name this state which saw the Battle of Bennington, home to Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys.
Answer: Vermont
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A variation to this concept that includes perturbations in decision models is known as trembling-hand perfect. This concept holds when certain sets are non-empty, convex, compact subsets of a Euclidean space by the Kakutani Fixed Point Theorem, and the utility function is continuous and quasi-concave. A Bayesian one is found by anticipating the plans of others, and they were worked on by Harsanyi and Selten as well as their namesake, who introduced them in the paper Non-Cooperative Games. For 10 points, name this idea in which each player's strategy choice is a best-response to the strategies played by his rivals, a game theory equilibrium named for a schizophrenic.
Answer: Nash equilibrium [accept Nash after "equilibrium" is read, prompt on it before]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The soprano in this opera reminds herself that she "must always be free" in the aria "E Strano! E Strano...Sempre Libera" after the tenor proclaims his love in "Un di felice, eterea." The baritone sings "Di Provenza il mar" to convince his son to return to Provence, but instead he crashes a party hosted by Flora Bervoix, where he wins money in cards from his rival Baron Douphol. In the last act, the title character sings "Adio del passato" after reading a letter from Giorgio apologizing for breaking up her romance with his son, who impressed the title character by singing the Brindisi. For 10 points, Alfredo Germont is the lover of Violetta in what Verdi opera about a courtesan?
Answer: La Traviata
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of his protagonists refers to his sister as the "Dark Girl of Long Alley" and steals a gun from her Nazi lover to bury in a secret location. The title character of another work battles with the "fruit thieves," dies by fastening himself to the anchor of a balloon, and refuses to eat his sister's snail soup. Those novels about Pin and Cosimo are The Baron in the Trees and The Path to the Nest of Spiders. In another of his novels, Medardo of Terralba is split in half by a cannonball, and in another a plot about swapping suitcases devolves into a romance between Ludmilla and "The Reader." For 10 points, name this author of The Cloven Viscount and If On a Winter's Night a Traveler.
Answer: Italo Calvino
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This ruler was the first to settle Germanic barbarians in the Roman Empire, and he auctioned off many palace valuables to pay for the empire's wars. His reign saw a great plague, and also saw Parthia invade Armenia, an action stopped by a man who would later declare himself emperor when this man was reported dead, Avidius Cassius. He was long advised by Fronto, the childhood tutor of this man and his co-emperor Lucius Verus. He fought against the Marcomanni and died while on campaign in Germania, after which the war was ended prematurely by his son Commodus. For 10 points, name this last of the five good emperors, the author of some Stoic Meditations.
Answer: Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus [prompt on Marcus Annius Verus; prompt on Marcus Annius Catilius Severus]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The volume of a simplex in n dimensions can be given by the Cayley-Menger type of this function, and this function can be generalized to non-square entities using the Cauchy Binet formula. The linear independence of a set of solutions to a differential equation is given by a nonzero value for the Wronskian type of this, and changing variables when integrating a function over its domain involves the use of the Jacobian type of this function. One of these for a two-by-two matrix is used in Cramer's rule to find the solution to a system of two equations. For 10 points, name this scalar function of a square matrix, denoted by single or double bars around a matrix.
Answer: determinant [prompt on det]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One man in this work points out his father's snoring by quoting Othello: "The Moor, I know his trumpet." That character quotes Baudelaire when he's courting a comically obese prostitute named Fat Violet, and also questions the aptitude of "a cheap old quack," who "hardly only charges a dollar," Doc Hardy. A servant in this play is a "buxom Irish peasant" named Cathleen, who sneaks sips of alcohol. James is an actor who can only play one role, Jamie fatally infects Eugene when he enters the infant's room, and Edmund is diagnosed with tuberculosis. For 10 points, name this play in which Mary is addicted to morphine, a work about the Tyrone family by Eugene O'Neill.
Answer: Long Day's Journey Into Night
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A formula developed for one type of this process scales the inverse of the magnetic field intensity, and was observed when its namesake was using a magnetic arc to separate uranium isotopes. Another form of this process is explained by the Ludwig-Soret effect, which results in a temperature gradient parallel to the concentration gradient. A set of equations, which relate flux to the gradient of concentration also governs this process, and its rate is inversely proportional to the square root of the molar mass according to Graham's Law. For 10 points, identify this process, wherein particles move from regions of high concentrations to areas of lower concentrations.
Answer: diffusion
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In this work, thirty-six measures of the organ playing the B flat pedal culminates in the section "Accende Lumen Sensibus," while the composer emulated the polyphony of Bach's motet Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied in the opening movement. In the finale, Doctor Marianus praises Mater Gloriosa, who is the personification of this symphony's unifying theme of the "Eternal Feminine." The first movement is based on the medieval hymn "Veni, Creator Spiritus," while the second movement is a setting of the final scene of Goethe's Faust. Featuring a chorus of over eight hundred at its premiere, for 10 points, name this Mahler symphony that requires many performers.
Answer: Symphony of a Thousand [accept Mahler's Symphony Number 8 in E major; accept Symphony Number eight after "Mahler"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A leader of one party in this conflict had earlier defeated his brother at the Tugela River, and this conflict began when Henry Bartle Frere issued an ultimatum to the opposing side. It also saw 139 British successfully defend an attack by 4,000 soldiers at Rorke's drift. Its last battle on July 4th, 1879 saw the death of the losing side's ruler at Ulundi, though forces under Lord Chelmsford faced a major defeat at Isandlwana. The polity, which lost this conflict was led by Cetshwayo. For 10 points, identify this conflict between the British and an empire, which once counted Shaka as its ruler.
Answer: Anglo-Zulu war
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Birqat Karun is a lake found in the Al Fayyum region of this country. The Ras Mohammed National park is found at the southern tip of a peninsula belonging to this country, and the disputed Hala'ib triangle lies at the southwest corner of this country. The Kebira Crater is located along the western border of this country which is home to the Gilf-al-Kibr plateau. The Qatarra Depression contains several brackish oases, and manmade features include the Great and Little Bitter Lakes as well as a large dam on the First Cataract at Aswan that holds back Lake Nasser. Containing the cities of Luxor and Alexandria, for 10 points, identify this country with its capital at Cairo.
Answer: Egypt [or Al-Masr]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He was once attacked and wounded by Parasurama, and in his incarnation as Vighnaraja, he rides the naga king Shesha. Garuda was once tasked with reacquiring an item this figure lost after being gazed upon by Sani. He is often depicted riding on a mouse, and the goad he holds in his upper right hand is used to remove obstacles from mankind. One story claims this figure married two women after he beat his brother Karttikeya in a race around the world. He was supposedly born from the dirt his mother wiped off of her leg while she was trying to take a bath in privacy from her husband. For 10 points, name this son of Shiva and Parvati, a Hindu god with the head of an elephant.
Answer: Lord Ganesha [accept Ganapati, Vinakaya, Lambodar, or Pillaiyar]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Studies on one of these structures from a giant squid led Hodgkins and Huxley to a Nobel Prize for their experiments. Their extension is guided by growth cones found at their ends, and they begin tapering near a namesake hillock. In some cases, these branch out to form collaterals, which end in telodendria, and ones with a smaller diameter can aggregate to form a Remak bundle. Nodes of Ranvier appear along these structures that are insulated by myelin containing Schwann cells, which allows for the speedy conduction of action potentials. For 10 points, identify the long, slender projection of a neuron, often contrasted with dendrites.
Answer: axon [prompt on nerve fiber or equivalent; accept neuron until "growth cone"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The speaker compares the "shrill delight" of the title figure to moonbeams "Keen as the arrows / Of that silver sphere" which are transparent in light of the "white dawn," but although they are "hardly seen, we feel that it is there." The title figure is later compared to a "rose embowered," a "glow worm- golden," and a "poet hidden / In the line of thought." In the final stanza the speaker asks, "teach me half the gladness / That thy brain must know," so "the world should listen" to the "harmonious madness" of the title creature's song. For 10 points, name this poem about a bird which begins, "Hail to thee blithe spirit," written by Percy Shelley.
Answer: "To a Skylark"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Manningtree altarpiece features this artist's The Risen Christ, and in another work the titular animal action is performed by jumping over an obstacle as people look on from a barge. In addition to Leaping Horse, he painted several works about life near his hometown of East Bergholt, while another series depicts the title structure at Leadenhall "from the River," and "from the meadows" with an overarching rainbow. His most famous work shows the title object near Flatford Mill on the River Stour and depicts Willy Lott's cottage. The painter of Salisbury Cathedral, for 10 points, name this English landscape artist whose best-known painting is The Hay Wain.
Answer: John Constable
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The tensor analog of this quantity can be diagonalized by defining a coordinate system along the principal axes, and its middle eigenvalue corresponds to unstable motion according to Euler`s Equations of Motion. The deflection of a cantilevered beam is inversely proportional to Young's modulus and this quantity. It is given by "cross-sectional area times the square of the radius of gyration", and it can be found by the parallel axis theorem. For a sphere it is equal to "two-fifths m r squared", while it has half the value for a disc that it has for a ring. For 10 points, name this quantity symbolized "I", the rotational analog of mass.
Answer: mass moment of inertia [prompt on angular mass]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
TB. The Declaration of St. Germain ended much of the fighting in this conflict and during it the arrest of Pierre Broussel led to a mass barricade demonstration. It was interrupted by the Peace of Rueil, and one of its prominent participants, Marshall Turenne, pursued the Prince de Conde into the Spanish Netherlands. Divided into parts named for the Parliament and the Nobles, it occurred during the regency of Anne of Austria. Followed by the Franco-Spanish War and sparked by dissatisfaction with the policies of Cardinal Mazarin, it drew its name from the children's slings used by participants. For 10 points, name this peasant uprising during the early rule of Louis XIV.
Answer: La Fronde [accept Frondes]
 
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by Georgia A + Pitt B
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these Kierkegaard works, for 10 points each.,
[10] Written under the pseudonym Anti-Climacus, this work uses the raising of Lazarus to discuss the Christian definition of sin and man's life of perpetual despair.
Answer: The Sickness Unto Death [accept Sygdommen til Doden]
[10] This work features the "knight of infinite resignation" and discusses Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac.
Answer: Fear and Trembling [accept Frygt og Baven]
[10] This critique of Hegel, presumably by Johannes Climacus, is a sequel to Philosophical Fragments and delineates between subjective and objective truth, arguing that faith cannot be scrutinized through objective truth.
Answer: Concluding Unscientific Postscript [accept Afsluttende uvidenskabelig Efterskrift]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The speaker concludes that one should not go "like the quarry slave at night." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poem, which contains the line "Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch / About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams," a poem about death.
Answer: "Thanatopsis"
[10] This American poet, a longtime editor of the New York Evening Post, wrote "To a Fringed Gention" and "Thanatopsis."
Answer: William Cullen Bryant
[10] The speaker of this Bryant poem says the title bird "will soon find a summer home and rest / And scream among thy fellows" after asking, "dost thou / pursue thy solitary way?"
Answer: "To a Waterfowl"
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Boris is killed by eating poisoned mushrooms after he discovers the title character's affair with Sergei. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera that ends when Katerina Izmailova commits suicide by jumping into a frozen river.
Answer: Lady Macbeth of the Mtensk District
[10] This Russian dissident composed Lady Macbeth of the Mtensk District and used a Yevtushenko poem as the basis for his Babi-Yar Symphony.
Answer: Dmitri Shostakovich
[10] This Shostakovich symphony written in C Major features the "invasion theme" representing the Nazi Army marching into the titular city.
Answer: Leningrad Symphony [accept Shostakovich's Symphony 7)
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about a crusade that ended disastrously, for 10 points each.,
[10] This crusade was called for by Pope Innocent III, but ran into problems immediately when it ordered an excessive amount of ships from the Venetians and was forced to attack Christian Zara to pay off the debt.
Answer: Fourth Crusade
[10] The Fourth Crusade ended up besieging this capital of the Byzantine empire, which it finally captured and sacked in 1204 after nearly two years of being stymied by its massive walls.
Answer: Constantinople
[10] After capturing Constantinople and establishing a Latin Empire in Byzantium, many Crusaders tried to attack this nation but were destroyed at the 1205 Battle of Adrianople by Kaloyan the Roman Slayer, this polity's tsar at the time.
Answer: Bulgaria
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He was the first to conceive of neutron chain reactions, and with Fermi, he built the first nuclear reactor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Hungarian physicist.
Answer: Leo Szilard
[10] Szilard offered a refutation of this thought experiment, arguing that energy must be expended to measure the speed of gas molecules, preventing a violation of the second law of thermodynamics.
Answer: Maxwell's demon
[10] Szilard's doctoral advisor was the German physicist Max von Laue, who won the 1914 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the diffraction of this form of electromagnetic radiation. Rosalind Franklin was a crystallographer who utilized this type of radiation.
Answer: X-rays [or X­-radiation]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This building contains the "Salute to Five Bells" mural by John Olsen and is notable for its three groups of interlocking shells that form the roof. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this building, designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2007, that is situated on Bennelong Point in New South Wales.
Answer: the Sydney Opera House
[10] This Danish architect designed the Sydney Opera House, but eventually resigned from the project. His other works include the Skagen Nature Center and the Kingo housing project in Elsinore.
Answer: Jorn Utzon
[10] Jorn Utzon also designed the Parliament building for the National Assembly of this Middle Eastern country. The building is located in this country's namesake capital city.
Answer: State of Kuwait [accept Dawlat al-Kuwayt]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Ekhiingol Oasis is found in its southern portion. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this desert home to Bactrian Camels, whose Khongoriin Els are an example of "singing" sand dunes. To its west lie the Altai Mountains, and the North China Plain is found to its south.
Answer: Gobi Desert
[10] The Gobi Desert mostly lies in Mongolia, whose capital is this city, where you can visit the Choijin Lam temple Museum or go to Bogd Khan's Winter Palace.
Answer: Ulaan Bataar [or Ulan Bator]
[10] The Junggar Basin of the Gobi butts up against this Chinese mountain range, which is near Kyrgyzstan and has its highest point at Jengish Chokusu.
Answer: Tien Shan Range [or Tian Shan Range]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about the second labor of Heracles, for 10 points each.,
[10] Heracles traveled to Lake Lerna to slay this beast, one of the offspring of Typhon and Echidna, who had the body of a serpent and innumerable heads. It was aided by the crab Cancer, but Heracles cut off its immortal head.
Answer: the Lernaean Hydra
[10] Heracles was accompanied on the labor by this man, his nephew. This figure aided Heracles by cauterizing the Hydra's head-stumps with a burning torch.
Answer: Iolaus
[10] Heracles was given his twelve labors by this king of Tiryns and husband of Antimache.
Answer: Eurystheus
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Their activity is a big exception to the central dogma of molecular biology. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these infectious agents, which are misfolded proteins that cause neurodegenerative diseases like fatal familial insomnia.
Answer: prions [or proteinaceous infectious agents; accept close equivalents]
[10] This nasty prion disease was found to be spread by cattle that were fed the remains of other cattle in the form of meat and bone meal.
Answer: mad cow disease [or Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy; prompt on MCD]
[10] Mad cow disease is thought to have caused a new variant of this human disease, which was discovered by a pair of German neurologists in 1921.
Answer: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He utilized the longbow to great effect, beating the crap out of John the Good's army. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this son of Edward III, who led most of England's military campaigns in the Hundred Years' War, but wouldn't live to be king.
Answer: Edward the Black Prince [or Edward of Woodstock; prompt on Edward]
[10] While the Black Prince never became king, this son of his did. His reign was marked by the influence of John of Gaunt until John's son, the future Henry IV, overthrew him.
Answer: Richard II
[10] Richard's reign also saw the peasant revolt led by this man. While meeting with him at Smithfield, Richard had the Mayor of London strike him down while unarmed, then, in a brilliant tactical move, declared himself the new leader of the rebellion.
Answer: Wat Tyler
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This novel's protagonist never receives the letters sent by May Kasahara, and later he works for Nutmeg and Cinnamon Akasaka only hearing about the Nomonhan Incident from Lieutenant Mamiya. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this novel in which Toru Okada searches for a missing cat named after his brother-in-law, Noboru Wataya, and attempts to find his wife Kumiko.
Answer: The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle [accept Nejimaki-dori Kuronikuru]
[10] Often translated by Jay Rubin and Alfred Birnbaum, this Japanese author of Kafka on the Shore, A Wild Sheep Chase, and Norwegian Wood wrote The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle.
Answer: Haruki Murakami [accept names in either order]
[10] In Murakami's Kafka on the Shore, Kafka Tamura spends time in the Takamatsu library reading Richard Burton's translation of this work in which King Shahryar hears a bunch of stories from Scheherazade.
Answer: One Thousand and One Arabian Nights [accept The Arabian Nights' Entertainment, Kitab 'alf layla wa-layla; or Hezar-o yek sab]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title figure of this painting is lying in a field of brown grass and has likely been crippled by Polio. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name the painting that shows the title character lying in a field in front of the Olson House in Cushing, Maine.
Answer: Christina's World
[10] This American artist whose works include The Master Bedroom and Dodge's Ridge is most famous for painting Christina's World.
Answer: Andrew Wyeth
[10] In a 15 year span, Andrew Wyeth painted a series of 247 paintings of this neighbor. In most paintings she is shown in a pensive mood.
Answer: Helga Testorf [accept either]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name stuff about the author of the poetry collection Blinking with Fists, Billy Corgan, for 10 points each.,
[10] Corgan formed this band with James Iha, D'arcy Wretzky, and Jimmy Chamberlin, releasing such albums as Melon Collie and the Infinite Sadness, which contained the songs "1979" and "Bullet with Butterfly Wings".
Answer: The Smashing Pumpkins
[10] Corgan tells "hipsters" to "unite" and asks "Who wants that honey?" in this Smashing Pumpkins song, the second single off of Siamese Dream.
Answer: "Cherub Rock"
[10] "Honestly" and "Lyric" were the two singles from Mary Star of the Sea, the only album released by this Corgan-fronted alternative super-group.
Answer: The True Poets of Zwan [accept Djali Zwan]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man established the International Centre of Genetic Epistemology in Geneva for collaborative studies between psychologists and scientists into the cognitive development of children. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Swiss psychologist most famous for developing the four stage model of cognitive development.
Answer: Jean Piaget
[10] In this first stage of Piaget's model, lasting between a child's birth and 2 years of age, the child begins to differentiate itself from objects and also achieves object permanence
Answer: Sensorimotor stage
[10] In this stage, the child achieves conservation of number, mass, and weight. The child is also able to classify and order objects in a series according to a single dimension, but is still unable to think abstractly.
Answer: Concrete Operational stage
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This quantity increases at a logarithm rate of about 2.5 as the numbers decrease. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this quantity calculated by comparing the light flux from two sources, whose absolute variety is normalized to distance.
Answer: magnitude
[10] Name this chart that shows the relationship between absolute magnitude, luminosity, spectral class, and effective temperature of stars, and thus helps explain the evolution of stars.
Answer: Hertzsprung-Russell diagram [accept H-R diagram]
[10] The sun lies along this track on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, along with the majority of other stars. It extends from the top left of the diagram to the bottom right.
Answer: main sequence
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In the second part of this novel, "Time Passes," Prue dies in childbirth and Andrew is killed in the war. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel whose first part features a dinner party attended by Charles Tansley and Paul Rayley, held at the Ramsay family's summer estate in the Hebrides.
Answer: To the Lighthouse
[10] This author of To the Lighthouse also wrote Orlando and Mrs. Dalloway.
Answer: Virginia Woolf
[10] Virginia Woolf also wrote this essay, which claims that a woman writer only needs five hundred pounds and the titular enclosed space.
Answer: A Room of One's Own
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer some questions about an election featuring "Tippecanoe and Tyler too!" For 10 points each:,
[10] Tippecanoe was a reference to the decisive 1811 victory of this Whig presidential candidate, who would later go on to give a long boring inaugural speech in the rain and die of pneumonia after barely a month in office.
Answer: William Henry Harrison
[10] Annoyed by repeated singing of campaign slogans, the Democrats made up a tune to "Rock-a-Bye Baby" that accused Whigs of being alcoholics who drink this substance. That strategy backfired as Harrison adopted the log cabin and this as his campaign symbols.
Answer: hard cider
[10] The Democratic nominee was this incumbent, who had earlier led the Albany Regency in New York. In 1848, he would run on the free soil ticket.
Answer: Martin Van Buren
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
It provides an explanation for the higher proportion of 2-bromopropane than 1-bromopropane during the addition of HBr to propene. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this rule, which states when a hydrohalide reacts with a certain kind of compound, the halide becomes attached to the carbon with the fewer hydrogens.
Answer: Markovnikov's Rule [or Markovnikoff's rule]
[10] The hydrohalide reacts with this kind of compound when Markovnikov's rule applies. Also known as olefins, they are unsaturated molecules with a carbon-carbon double bond.
Answer: alkenes
[10] This other rule states that in an elimination reaction, the more highly substituted alkene is predominantly formed.
Answer: Zaitsev's rule [accept anything that sounds close]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following relating to pachyderms in short stories, for 10 points each.,
[10] "Shooting the Elephant" is a short story by this English author who also wrote "Politics and the English Language" and Animal Farm.
Answer: George Orwell [or Eric Arthur Blair]
[10] "The American" convinces Jig to get an abortion, while chatting at a train station in Spain in this Ernest Hemingway short story.
Answer: "Hills Like White Elephants"
[10] "The Elephant's Child" is found in his Just So Stories, and this author also wrote Captain Courageous.
Answer: Joseph Rudyard Kipling
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
As a young boy, with a slingshot and some stones, he killed an armored Philistine Giant. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name the Biblical figure, who killed Goliath and succeeded Saul as king of Israel.
Answer: David [accept Dawid or Dawud]
[10] David married this woman after he sent her husband, Uriah the Hittite, to be killed in battle.
Answer: Bathsheba
[10] This third son of David was killed by Joab in the Wood of Ephraim after trying to conquer Jerusalem with a group of Hebrons. He had earlier sent his servants to murder Amnon to avenge the rape of his sister Tamar.
Answer: Absalom [accept Avsalom or Avshalom]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He was adopted by the concubine Yang Guifei, who may have regretted the decision. For 10 points each:
[10] Identify this Turkish dude, who led a rebellion in the 750s CE China and tried to establish the Yan dynasty, which pretty much ended after he was assassinated by his own son.
Answer: An Lushan
[10] An Lushan rebelled against Emperor Xuanzong of this dynasty whose capital was Chang’an. It succeeded the Sui and featured poets like Li Bo and Du Fu.
Answer: T'ang Dynasty
[10] Mere years before the “Inexhaustible Treasuries” were shut down, they flourished under the pro-Buddhist policies of this usurper empress. Her reign was a part of the short lived second Zhou dynasty.
Answer: Empress Wu [accept Wu Hou; or Wu Chao; or Wu Zetian]

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_5nu3pe7rntjiln889gtt9kt073, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0