Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_tcpf9tq69mrck6gj2da3k3h4b7, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cookie - headers already sent by (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1

Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: Cannot send session cache limiter - headers already sent (output started at /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php:1) in /home/content/24/5140124/html/qbdb/viewpackets.php on line 1
View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by Dunbar + University of Minnesota A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This author included events like the Four Days Battle and the Great Fire of London in his long poem about the year 16 This author used Sicily as the setting for a comedy in which Rhodophil and Palamede fall in love with each other's fiances while Leonidas overthrows the usurper Polydamas. This author of Marriage a la Mode and Annus Mirabilis depicted Antony and Cleopatra in his All for Love. This writer used the story of a rebellion against King David as an allegory on current events like the Popish plot in one work. For 10 points, name this Restoration author who mocked Thomas Shadwell in MacFlecknoe and wrote The Hind and the Panther and Absalom and Achitophel.
Answer: John Dryden
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A quantity not accounted for in this fundamental equation but considered in the Tafel equation is overpotential, and assuming equilibrium yields an exponential form of this equation named for Butler and Volmer. The ionic flux carried by ionic species across a cell membrane is described in the Goldman-Hodgkin-Katz equation, which accurately describes electrodiffusion in this equation. It essentially states that potential is shifted by a term equal to RT over nF times the natural log of the reaction quotient. For 10 points, name this equation which determines the equilibrium reduction or oxidation potential of a half-cell in an electrochemical cell.
Answer: Nernst equation [accept Butler-Volmer equation before "Butler"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One of this man's early works was a Clarinet Sonata that no clarinet players were willing to play. Like this man's String Quartet in Four Parts, Indian themes were prevalent in one of his ballets which used the gamut technique and was choreographed for Merce Cunningham. Besides Sonatas and Interludes and The Seasons, this man wrote the 64 by 64, I Ching-inspired, four part Music of Changes for solo piano, to which he added cymbals and two phonographs for the first of his five Imaginary Landscapes. This composer also wrote a three-movement piece whose only sounds come from the environment. For 10 points, name this composer of 4'33'' (four, thirty-three).
Answer: John Milton Cage Jr.
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This economist argued that countries should avoid deflation even if it causes their currency to depreciate in A Tract on Monetary Reform. He dismantled classical theory in favor of logical-relationist theory in A Treatise on Probability. He argued against the gold standard in The Economic Consequences of Mr. Churchill, and referred to the Treaty of Versailles as a Carthaginian peace in another work, entitled The Economic Consequences of the Peace. For 10 points, name this British economist who wrote General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money and advocated governmental intervention in the economy.
Answer: John Maynard Keynes
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In 1946, this politician defeated Representative Howard Johnstone McMurray in a Senatorial election and, in 1957, this politician's vacated Senate seat was won by William Proxmire. The right to criticize, the right to protest, the right of independent thought, and the right to hold unpopular opinions were stated in the Declaration of Conscience speech delivered by Margaret Chase Smith against this politician. This politician targeted Mongolian historian Owen Lattimore during the deliberations of the Tydings Committee. In 1954, Army attorney Joseph Welch asked him, "Have you left no sense of decency?" For 10 points, name this Wisconsin Republican Senator who made wild allegations that certain individuals of the State Department were Communists.
Answer: Joseph Raymond McCarthy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The territories of this empire are referred to as the Twelve Doors, and its provincial governors were known as farins and farbas. A forty-four edict constitution, the Kouroukan Fouga, established this empire's legislature, the Gbara, and it grew out of the Kangaba state. This empire was established after a victory over the Sosso king Sumanguru at the Battle of Kirina, and one of its leaders devalued gold in Cairo on his way to Mecca. With capital at Niani, for 10 points, name this medieval empire of Western Africa whose rulers included Sundiata Keita and Mansa Musa.
Answer: Mali Empire [or Manding Empire; or Manden Kurufa]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one game in this franchise, beings from the alien Planet FM can allow humans to operate in the Electromagnetic Wave World set up by the satellites Pegasus, Leo, and Dragon. In another game in this franchise, a player receives the Homing Torpedo by defeating a boss named Launch Octopus after being discovered by Dr. Cain. The message "CONGARTULATIONS" is displayed after beating a 1994 soccer game that uses characters from this franchise. In the original game, Dr. Thomas Light creates the title character to defeat the robot armies of Dr. Wily. For 10 points, name this Capcom series that has had incarnations named Star Force, Legend, and X.
Answer: Mega Man
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one novel by this author, the foundling daughter of a dress shop owner discovers her identical twin, confusing the weaver Hideo. This author also wrote a novel in which Uragami reports on a six month long match between the materialistic Otake and the spiritual Shusai. This author of The Old Capital wrote a novel in which the protagonist has a fling with his father's mistress Mrs. Ota. In addition to writing The Master of Go, this author wrote a novel in which the self appointed western ballet expert Shimamura has an affair with the geisha Komako. For 10 points, name this Japanese author of Thousand Cranes and Snow Country.
Answer: Kawabata Yasunari
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one work, this thinker notes that a "veritable discursive explosion" took off in the seventeenth century, leading him to question the idea that Victorians were "imperial prudes." In another work, this thinker considered the treatment of Robert-Francois Damiens in discussing an "economy of power." He claimed that a "great confinement" marked a shift in the treatment of the insane, and he also theorized that doctors divorce patients' bodies from their humanity using the "medical gaze." This author of The Birth of the Clinic and Madness and Civilization also piggybacked on Jeremy Bentham's design for a prison in which all inmates can be seen by a single guard. For 10 points, name this philosopher who discussed the panopticon in his Disciple and Punish.
Answer: Michel Foucault
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
An S31N mutation on the gene encoding their M2 proton pump makes these entities resistant to drugs such as rimantadine and amantadine. Certain proteins on their surfaces allow them to bind to sialic acid residues and facilitate their entry into host cells, those being their hemagglutinin domains. Belonging to the family orthomyxoviridae, their virulence is inhibited by zanamivir and oseltamivir, and these infectious agents are identified by the Hx Ny nomenclature, such as the H5N1 that spread from birds. For 10 points, identify these viruses responsible for pandemics such as the "Hong Kong," "Spanish", and recent "Swine" variants.
Answer: influenza viruses [or flu viruses; prompt on viruses]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The League of Prizren was formed by leaders who sought the independence of this country by unifying territories such as Shkodra and Janina. This country's national hero was a man who successfully led the seige of Berat and defended the castle of Kruja several times. Italy invaded this country during World War II when it was ruled by a man who claimed descent from Skanderbeg. A communist ruler of this country published recounted his meetings with Stalin in the book With Stalin and created a secret police called the Sigurimi. For 10 points, identify this Balkan nation which was ruled by Enver Hoxha from its capital at Tirana.
Answer: Albania
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This country's rock fortress of Sigiriya was built by Kassapa I and five caves are contained within its Golden Temple of Dambulla. Vijayabahu first declared his capital as this country's city of Polonnaruwa, and the Ruwanweli Saya Stupa is contained in this country's city of Anuradhapura. A chain of shoals known as Adam's Bridge lies to the northwest of this country and separates the Gulf of Mannar from the Palk Strait. This country's city of Trincomalee was home to its largest Dutch fort, and the Temple of the Tooth lies in its city of Kandy. For 10 points, name this Asian island country off the coast of India, whose capital is Kotte and largest city is Colombo.
Answer: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka [or Sri Lanka Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya; or Ceylon]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A group of relaxing nude women have tea on the seashore in a painting by this man titled after a line in a Baudelaire poem. Another of his works is centered on a grandfather clock without hands and sees its title color often broken only by white lines. This artist of Luxe, Calme et Volupte and L'Atelier Rouge painted a portrait of his wife in which the titular "Green Stripe" bisects her face. A woman lays out dessert on a table in one of his paintings, while a painting commissioned by Sergei Shchukin borrowed a depiction of a group of figures holding hands and cavorting around from one of his earlier paintings. For 10 points, identify this artist of Harmony in Red, La Danse, and Le Bonheur de Vivre, a leading Fauvist.
Answer: Henri Matisse [accept Luxe, Calme et Volupte before "this man"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The long relaxation times observed in forbidden transitions from a triplet degeneracy for this quantity to a singlet state results in phosphorescence. For an electron, the gyromagnetic ratio relates this quantity to magnetic dipole moment, and operators for this observable can be expressed using Pauli matrices. The two beams of silver atoms observed in the Stern-Gerlach experiment correspond to opposite values of this quantity, and electrons in the same orbital must have opposite signs for this quantity according to the Pauli exclusion principle. For 10 points, identify this quantity simply defined as the intrinsic angular momentum of a particle, which can be plus or minus one-half for an electron.
Answer: spin [accept spin quantum number until "observable"; accept phosphorescence until "this quantity"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poet wondered if the title concept could "govern in a thing so small" in a poem about a white spider on a white flower holding a white moth. This poet admitted "I have passed by the watchman on his beat and dropped my eyes, unwilling to explain" in his tirza rima poem "Acquainted With the Night." This author of "Design" wrote that "He is all pine and I am apple orchard" in one work, and concluded another of his poems with the concession "I have promises to keep, and miles to go before I sleep." For 10 points, name American poet who wrote "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" and quoted the adage "'Good fences make good neighbors" in his poem "Mending Wall."
Answer: Robert Frost
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The Atharvashirsha is recited either 108 or 1000 times in the honor of this figure on Sankashti Chaturthis. The "visarjan" or the immersion of his idols in water occurs on the 14th day of the month of Bhadrapada. Idols of this deity often include his vehicle, a mouse, at his feet. Vyasa dictated the Mahabharata to this figure, who is frequently worshiped before undertaking important tasks. He once received a mango of wisdom and the status of "elder" by defeating his brother Kartikeya in a race. This figure received his most famous aspect after interceding between his parents, Parvati and Shiva, the latter of whom decapitated him. For 10 points, identify this remover of obstacles, an elephant-headed Hindu deity.
Answer: Ganesh [or Ganapati; or Vinayaka; or Lambodara; or Ekadanta]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
After previously hearing of an opposing plan proposed at the Hanover Meeting, this leader proposed a twenty-five point plan at the Bamberg Conference. This leader decided to abandon both the Madagascar Plan and Nisko Plan in favor of a plan which would better achieve the ideals of not feeding the hungry, not hydrating the thirsty, and not clothing the naked. Hans Ritter von Seisser and Otto von Lossow put down a rebellion led by this leader, and he consolidated power by executing Operation Hummingbird. The Beer Hall Putsch and Night of the Long Knives both occurred during this leader's reign. For 10 points, name this demonic German leader who published Mein Kampf before executing six million Jews during the Holocaust by the end of World War II.
Answer: Adolf Hitler
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one work by this composer, title character consumes poison after singing "Senza Mamma" to lament her son's death. This composer wrote an aria in which Rinuccio's lover Lauretta pleads with her father. In addition to composing "O mio babbino caro" in Gianni Schicchi, he created a work whose title character sings "I have lived for love" in "Vissi d'arte," but commits suicide after murdering Baron Scarpia. Another of his operas features Mimi and Rodolpho, who live in the Latin Quarter. For 10 points, identify this composer of Tosca and La Boheme.
Answer: Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Aitken developed the "General" form of this method which overcomes the "HAC" problem. X prime X inverse X prime y is a closed-form expression to calculate a parameter obtained by these techniques. Non-linear problems utilizing this method can be solved using the Gauss-Newton algorithms, and the Gauss-Markov theorem says that the parameter obtained by one type of this method is the best linear unbiased estimator. The "ordinary" form of this technique is frequently employed in regression analysis to find best-fit lines. For 10 points, identify this method which involves minimizing the second power of the difference between an estimate and an observation.
Answer: least squares methods [accept LSRL]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
He included the Syrian governor Vitellius and the executioner Mannaeus in his retelling of the John the Baptist story titled after Herod's wife. He considered his masterpiece to be a work about a saint who is confronted by Frailty, Science, the Queen of Sheba, and a version of the devil called Hilarion during a night in the desert. In addition to "Herodias" and The Temptation of Saint Anthony, he wrote about a daughter of Hamilcar who is pursued by the mercenary leader Matho in Salammbo. In another of his novels, Charles botches a foot surgery and the title character runs up huge debts after having affairs with Leon and Rodolphe. For 10 points, name this French author of Madame Bovary.
Answer: Gustave Flaubert
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One graphical representation of this equation exhibits spurious loops which imply that certain substances have negative compressibility. That region is modified by a horizontal line determined by the Maxwell equal area rule. A later modification of this equation introduced a T to the one half term in the denominator of the A parameter; that equation was introduced by Redlich and Kwong. This equation contains factors which account for the volume of individual molecules as well as the attractive forces between molecules, its b and a terms. For 10 points, identify this equation of state, the first modification of the ideal gas law to describe real gases, which was developed by a Dutch scientist.
Answer: van der Waals Equation of State
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One atom of this element with three ether linkages reacts with an alkyl bromide in the Arbuzov reaction. In one compound, this element is bonded to an anisole group, double-bonded to a sulfur, and single bonded to two other sulfurs; that compound is called Lawesson's reagent. Its radioactive 32 isotope is used to label DNA hybridization probes for Southern blots, and it appears in namesake di-ester linkages running along the DNA backbone. Notably discovered by Henning Brand in his own urine, for 10 points, identify this element which has red and white allotropes and chemical symbol P.
Answer: Phosphorus [accept P until mentioned]
 
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by Dunbar + University of Minnesota A
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
One line from this collection of poems reads, "When thou commandest me to sing it seems that my heart would break with pride; and I look to thy face, and tears come to my eyes." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this collection of poems with a name that translates to "Song Offerings" and that was published in English with a glowing preface by William Butler Yeats.
Answer: Gitanjali
[10] Gitanjali was written by Rabindranath Tagore, an author from this country.
Answer: India
[10] Tagore wrote both the Bangladeshi national anthem and this Indian national anthem, which ends with the repetitive phrase "Victory, Victory, Victory, Victory to thee!"
Answer: Jana Gana Mana [or Jono Gono Mono]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This team completed a 4th and 26 enroute to a victory in the 2003 playoffs. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this NFL team which has found success passing to wide receiver Jeremy Maclin and tight end Brent Celek.
Answer: Philadelphia Eagles [accept either]
[10] Donovan McNabb is backed up by this disgraced dog fighting quarterback who was drafted No. 1 overall in 2001 by the Atlanta Falcons.
Answer: Michael Dwayne Vick
[10] In Atlanta, Michael Vick threw to this tight end, who now plays along with Bo Scaife for the Tennessee Titans.
Answer: Algernon "Alge" Darius Crumpler
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A torquetum and two globes are present in this 1533 painting. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this painting depicting French diplomats Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve.
Answer: The French Ambassadors
[10] This German artist of The Body of the Dead Christ in the Tomb painted The French Ambassadors.
Answer: Hans Holbein the Younger [prompt on Hans Holbein]
[10] This 1524 Holbein work depicts the goddess of love and her son. The pose of the first title figure is reminiscent of that of Jesus in Leonardo's Last Supper.
Answer: Venus and Amor [or Venus and Cupid]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
According to Trouton's rule, this quantity for vaporization is constant for many liquids, but notable exceptions to that rule include water and helium due to their low boiling points. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity which measures the disorder of a system and is symbolized S.
Answer: entropy
[10] Entropy is often written as this constant times the natural log of the number of microstates of a system. Symbolized k, it is also given by the ideal gas constant divided by Avogadro's number and is named for an Austrian physicist.
Answer: Boltzmann's constant [prompt on kB]
[10] This quantity is given by temperature times the derivative of entropy with respect to temperature. In the constant-pressure case, it equals the derivative of enthalpy with respect to temperature.
Answer: specific heat capacity [or specific heat; prompt on Cv or Cp]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The 2004 McCorvey v. Hill case featured this case's plaintiff who claimed to have been a pawn of Linda Coffee and Sarah Weddington. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1973 Supreme Court case which overturned abortion laws in Texas on the same day as Doe v. Bolton which also overturned abortion laws in Georgia.
Answer: Roe v. Wade [or Wade v. Roe]
[10] Roe v. Wade occurred during the tenure of this Supreme Court Chief Justice who also ruled over the 1969 Anderson's-Black Rock, Inc. v. Pavement Salvage Co case and the 1986 Commodity Futures Trading Commission v. Schor case.
Answer: Warren Earl Burger
[10] This 1971 Supreme Court case during Warren Burger's tenure dealt with busing after desegregation in North Carolina although the defendant school system's chairman resigned in 2003 proclaiming his opposition towards resegregation.
Answer: Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education [or Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education v. Swann]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This figure was the mother of Oenopion, Staphylus, and Thoas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this woman, a daughter of Pasiphae, who was abandoned sleeping on Naxos, where Dionysus woke and then wed her.
Answer: Ariadne
[10] Ariadne was abandoned by this Greek hero, to whom he gave a ball of fleece and a sword to aid in his quest to kill the Minotaur. He would later marry the Amazon Hippolyta.
Answer: Theseus
[10] Ariadne was the sister of this other wife of Theseus, who fell madly in love with his son Hippolytus, but caused the boy's death by telling Theseus that Hippolytus had raped her.
Answer: Phaedra
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The victor of this 1485 War of the Roses battle was crowned on Crown Hill. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this battle in which Henry VII, a member of the House of Lancaster, defeated the House of York thus beginning the Tudor Dynasty.
Answer: Battle of Bosworth Field
[10] This king was defeated and killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field due to the incompetence of his relative Henry Percy, the fourth Earl of Northumberland, and John Howard, the first Duke of Norfolk.
Answer: Richard Plantagenet III, the Duke of Gloucester
[10] This man led six thousand troops at the Battle of Bosworth Field but decided to wait before declaring his allegiance which became apparent when his brother William killed Richard III.
Answer: Thomas Stanley, the first Earl of Derby [accept both Stanley or first Earl of Derby]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Lefranc fails to impress Green Eyes by strangling Maurice in a play set in a prison cell, this man's Deathwatch. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this playwright who depicted a revolution occurring outside Queen Irma's brothel in The Balcony. Claire and Solange act out murderous fantasies in his play The Maids, and he also wrote The Blacks.
Answer: Jean Genet
[10] Genet wrote a semi-autobiographical novel featuring the prisoner Harcamone called The Miracle of one of these objects. Umberto Eco's detective novel starring William of Baskerville is titled The Name of one of them.
Answer: a rose [accept The Miracle of the Rose or The Name of the Rose]
[10] This other French author wrote about Jean Genet in Saint Genet, Actor and Martyr. His other works include a retelling of the Oresteia called The Flies and a novel which sees Antoine Roquentin question his own existence, Nausea.
Answer: Jean-Paul Sartre
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The titular figure is flanked by Cornaro pedigree. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this 1652 sculpture depicting the joy and pain of the titular saint as rays of light enter above her.
Answer: The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa
[10] This Italian baroque sculptor of The Rape of Prosperina and the Baldacchino for St. Peter's Basilica sculpted The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa.
Answer: Gian Lorenzo Bernini
[10] In this Bernini sculpture, the title woman is in the process of transformation, has her hands in the air, and is turning away from the other title figure, who bears a wreath.
Answer: Apollo and Daphne
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The conversion of name- or position-based references to these is known as "swizzling". For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these objects that reference data located elsewhere in memory. Attempts to dereference the null variety of them cause either namesake exceptions or segfaults, depending on the language being used.
Answer: pointers [accept "null pointers" or "NullPointerException"]
[10] When each node in one of these data structures contains an array of data elements, it is said to be "unrolled". More generally, they consist of a collection of nodes, each of which contains a data element and a pointer to the next node.
Answer: linked list [prompt on list]
[10] Linked lists are often used to implement this type of first-in first-out data structure that is often used in discrete event simulation. One of these is used in the A-star search algorithm to keep track of alternate paths.
Answer: priority queue
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Much of this work deals with the taupou system of ceremonial virginity. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this anthropological work discussing the development of young women in a country with its capital located at Apia.
Answer: Coming of Age in Samoa
[10] This anthropologist wrote Coming of Age in Samoa. She was once called a "dirty old lady" by the Governor of Florida for her views on decriminalizing marijuana.
Answer: Margaret Mead
[10] In Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth, this anthropologist critiqued Mead's findings, claiming that many of her informants lied to her.
Answer: Derek Freeman
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The line "all right we are two nations", part of a response to the Sacco and Vanzetti trial, is found in the 50th section of The Camera Eye, an autobiographical stream-of-consciousness narrative threaded through this work. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this cycle of novels whose second book sees Joe Williams die on Armistice day in Paris. It consists of The 42nd Parallel, 1919, and The Big Money.
Answer: the U.S.A trilogy
[10] The U.S.A. trilogy is a work of this American author, who wrote of Dan Fuselli, Chrisfield, and John "Andy" Andrews in Three Soldiers and also penned the District of Columbia trilogy.
Answer: John Roderigo Dos Passos
[10] Stan Emery, who dies in a self-set apartment fire, is the only character Ellen Thatcher ever loves in this Dos Passos novel. Its protagonists are Ellen and the newspaper reporter Jimmy Herf.
Answer: Manhattan Transfer
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Procopius wrote a biased account of this ruler's wife Theodora. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Byzantine ruler who built the church of Hagia Sophia and devised a namesake code known as Corpus Juris Civilis.
Answer: Justinian [or Flavius Justinianus the Great; or Petrus Sabbatius]
[10] During Justinian's rule, this 532 riot in Constantinople occurred between the Blue and Green factions which had gathered in the Hippodrome.
Answer: Nika riots
[10] This Byzantine noble, a nephew of Anastasius I, was chosen by the Nika rioters to replace Justinian as Byzantine Emperor.
Answer: Hypatius
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify some lakes in Switzerland, for 10 points each.,
[10] This is the largest lake which lies entirely within Switzerland. The archaeological site of La Tene was discovered along its northern shore in the 1800s.
Answer: Lake Neuchatel [or Lake Neuenberger]
[10] This lake, which lies along the Swiss-German border, contains an island home to the city of Lindau. It is drained by the Rhine, and shares its name with a German city that lies along its shore.
Answer: Lake Constance [or Lake Konstantz]
[10] The Rhone drains this crescent-shaped lake which shares its name with a large Swiss city. Other towns along this lake include Lausanne, Saint Sulpice, and Montreux
Answer: Lake Geneva [or Lac Leman]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The force on a particle from an external electric field is equal to this quantity times the field strength. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this electrical quantity often symbolized Q and measured in Coulombs, which was determined by Millikan's oil drop experiment for an electron.
Answer: electric charge
[10] This device, pioneered by Lawrence, uses a perpendicular magnetic field and alternating voltage to accelerate charged particles in a spiral pattern through a pair of dees.
Answer: cyclotron
[10] A magnetic field also causes charged particles to assume a helical path with radius determined by charge-to-mass ratio in this Glaser-invented device in which superheated liquid leads to 3D microscopic residuals which expand along the path of travel.
Answer: bubble chamber [do not accept "cloud chamber"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This opera is often paired with Mascagni's Cavelleria rusticana. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this opera by Ruggero Leoncavallo, set in a commedia dell' arte troupe and opening with Tonio, dressed as Taddio, reminding the audience that the opera is about real humans.
Answer: I Pagliacci [or The Clowns]
[10] This aria from Pagliacci commonly ends with a tear running down the painted face of Canio, who is aware of his wife's infidelity, but continues performing.
Answer: "Recitar!... Vesti la giubba" [or "To Perform!... Put on the Costume"]
[10] Colombina prepares one of these operatic gimmicks for Arlecchino. One of them is bought from Dr. Dulcamara by Nedorino, who has feelings for Adina, in a Donizetti opera.
Answer: a sleeping potion [or an elixir; prompt on "draught" and other related things, only accept those two]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Pope Leo X issued the Papal bull entitled Exsurge Domine as a reaction to these documents. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these documents published as direct protest against Johann Tetzel's raising of funds through indulgences, which were nailed to the door of the Wittenberg Chapel by Martin Luther.
Answer: The Ninety-Five Theses on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences [or Disputatio pro declaratione virtutis indulgentiaru]
[10] Luther published a sadly typical and popular book about this group and "their lies." According to Luther, they defame the Lord Jesus Christ and must be driven out like mad dogs.
Answer: Jews [accept any subgroup]
[10] The doctrine of consubstantiation was disputed during this 1529 meeting, where Luther and Zwingli resolved disputes between various Protestants such that an alliance could be formed.
Answer: Marburg Colloquy
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
The title character's older daughter Olivia is tricked into a marriage with Squire Thornhill while his younger daughter Sophia marries William Thornhill, who is disguised as Mr. Burchell. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about the gullible Charles Primrose.
Answer: The Vicar of Wakefield
[10] The Vicar of Wakefield was written by this 18th century British author of the play The Good-Natured Man and the poetry collection The Deserted Village.
Answer: Oliver Goldsmith
[10] In this Goldsmith play, Kate Hardcastle pretends to be a barmaid after Tony Lumpkin tells Marlow that the Hardcastle home is an inn.
Answer: She Stoops to Conquer
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is caused by disorders in these organelles. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these organelles which produce ATP and are thus called the workhorses of the cell.
Answer: mitochondria [or mitochondrion]
[10] This third step of cellular respiration follows the Krebs cycle and involves NADH donating certain particles in a series of redox reactions to form protons. It involves various cytochromes like cytochrome C.
Answer: electron transport chain [or ETC]
[10] Before reaching the cytochromes in the electron transport chain, electrons must move past this compound, also called ubiquinone. Its highest concentration is in the inner membrane of mitochondria.
Answer: coenzyme Q10 [or CoQ; ubidecarenone]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This man convened the Council of Patna and endeavored to extend dhamma throughout his kingdom through his namesake Edicts. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Indian ruler who converted to Buddhism after waging a bloody campaign against Kalinga.
Answer: Ashoka the Great [or Asoka the Great; or Devanampriya Priyadarsi; prompt on Dhamma]
[10] Ashoka was a ruler of this empire that succeeded the Magadha Empire with capital at Pataliputra. It collapsed after the death of Brhadratha.
Answer: Maurya Empire [or Kingdom, Dynasty etc...]
[10] The Mauryan Empire was founded by this man, the grandfather of Ashoka, who conquered Nanda and defended Maurya against the Macedonian Seleucus I Nicator.
Answer: Chandragupta Maurya I
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
There were some good reasons why Pythagoras discouraged the consumption of fava beans. For 10 points each:,
[10] Undercooked fava beans have oxidants which decrease the reducing capacity of blood cells, resulting in the "hemolytic" form of this condition. Its "pernicious" form is caused by a deficiency in intrinsic factor.
Answer: anemia
[10] Favism normally occurs in people with G6PD deficiency. G6PD catalyzes the first step in a "phosphate shunt" involving this type of sugar. Said shunt involves an oxidative phase where NADPH is produced and a reductive phase where the namesake sugars are produced.
Answer: pentose [prompt on 5-carbon sugars or the like]
[10] The cofactors NADPH and NADH are derivatives of this B vitamin whose deficiency causes pellagra.
Answer: niacin [or vitamin B3]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Identify the following about a fundamental relationship in thermodynamics , dU = TdS - PdV, for 10 points each.,
[10] The negative PdV refers to the amount of this quantity that can be extracted from a reversible process. This quantity is more commonly given for constant forces by force times distance moved.
Answer: work
[10] The term dU is this type of differential meaning U is a state function.. The path integral of this type of differential along a closed curve is zero.
Answer: exact differential [or total differential]
[10] A set of differential equations relating various thermodynamic properties is named for this man, who also names a distribution of particle speeds with Boltzmann.
Answer: James Clerk Maxwell

Warning: Unknown: open(/home/content/24/5140124/tmp/sess_tcpf9tq69mrck6gj2da3k3h4b7, O_RDWR) failed: No such file or directory (2) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct () in Unknown on line 0