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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by Duke A + Harvard Zhao
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Charged particles that encounter a magnetic mirror experience this man's namesake acceleration, and the idea that the existence of advanced extraterrestrial life in the Milky Way would mean we should see signs of them such as spacecrafts is known as his paradox. The highest occupied state of a system of electrons at absolute zero is an energy named for this man. He and Dirac name a set of statistics describing gases made of protons, neutrons, or electrons, all of which are particles named for this man that possess half-integer spin, unlike bosons. For 10 points, name this Italian physicist who developed the first sustained nuclear chain reaction.
Answer: Enrico Fermi [accept Fermi-Hart paradox until "this man" in first sentence]
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One branch of this religion is derided as the "farmer" variety and places emphasis on the poem "The Harmony of Difference and Sameness." In addition to the Soto sect, this religion's sect includes one which focuses on the makyo hallucinations experienced prior to kensho, which might be brought about with excerpts from the Blue Cliff Record. This religion was brought to China by Bodhidharma, focuses on inquiry into paradoxical koans, and teaches the use of personal experience to bring about satori, or enlightenment. For 10 points, name this kind of Buddhism popular in Japan.
Answer: Zen Buddhism [or Chan; or Thien; or Seon]
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One character in this novel uses the deceitful governess Mrs. Younge to plan an elopement with Georgiana. One character in this work stays with the Gardiners while visiting London. This novel features the haughty Catherine de Bourgh, who supports the clergyman Mr. Collins, a man who marries the protagonist's best friend Charlotte Lucas. The protagonist's youngest sister Lydia causes a scandal by eloping with the villainous officer Mr. Wickam in this novel. The protagonist of this novel helps match up her sister Jane with Mr. Bingley, before finally accepting Fitzwilliam Darcy's second proposal. For 10 points, name this Jane Austen novel about Elizabeth Bennet.
Answer: Pride and Prejudice
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Nathaniel Isaacs wrote an account of this ruler, who established his capital at Bulawayo. This ruler invented the Iklwa, a shorter version of the assegai, and he defeated Zwide at the Battle of Gqokli Hill by using his "buffalo horns" formation. This man ordered the milk in his empire to be drained away after the death of his mother Nandi; after Nandi's death, this ruler massacred over 7,000 of his own subjects which led his brother Dingane to assassinate him. Earlier he had united the Mthethwa and Ndwandwe peoples after succeeding Dingiswayo. For 10 points, name this brilliant tactician who united his people and founded the Zulu Kingdom in the early nineteenth century.
Answer: Shaka Zulu
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The Dangrek or "Carrying-Pole Mountains" run along the northwest border of this country, whose southwestern region contains the Elephant Mountains, a subrange of the Cardamom Mountains. This country's only deepwater port was founded in 1964 and named after the then-king, who abdicated in 20 That city, Sihanoukville, has seen a surge in tourism, but the most popular destinations remain Siem Reap, at the northern end of the Tonle Sap, and its largest city, at the confluence of the Tonle Sap River and the Mekong. The aforementioned Siem Reap serves as a gateway to this country's temples of Angkor. For 10 points, name this Southeast Asian country where the Khmer Rouge ordered forced evacuations of the capital, Phnom Penh.
Answer: Cambodia
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The people of Lamuella believe this character was sent by the Almighty Bob when he becomes the Sandwich Maker. At the Cathedral of Hate, he is attacked by Agrajag, a being whom he has accidentally killed in the form of a fly, a rabbit, and a falling bowl of petunias. This character's Babel fish allows him to understand Vogon poetry, and he journeys to Magrathea where he meets the fjord creator Slartibartfast. This character is rescued by The Heart of Gold along with Ford Prefect, and eventually learns that the answer to Life, the Universe, and Everything is For 10 points, name this protagonist of Douglas Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy series.
Answer: Arthur Dent [accept either]
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One poet from this country asked if the title animal would "climb the walls" in her poem "Cat in an Empty Apartment." This country is the setting for a Spanish play in which Basilio locks his son in a tower and convinces him that he only imagined actual events. This setting of Life is a Dream has a national epic sometimes titled Mister Thaddeus. One author from this country wrote a novel in which Nero burns down Rome for the sake of artistic accuracy and Marcus Vinitius falls in love with the persecuted Christian Ligia. For 10 points, name this home of Quo Vadis author Henryk Sienkiewicz and Nobel Prize winning poet Wislawa Szymborska.
Answer: Republic of Poland
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This philosopher discussed the philosophy of science in Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy. He coined the term "logical atomism" in a 1911 paper, and in "The Ethics of War," he defended wars of principle and wars of colonization. He criticized Alexius Meinong in his essay "On Denoting." His other works include a History of Western Philosophy and the essay Why I Am Not a Christian. His namesake paradox debunked the naive set theory of Gottlob Frege. For 10 points, name this philosopher who, with Alfred North Whitehead, wrote Principia Mathematica.
Answer: Bertrand Russell
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Arms production in this ruler's lands was greatly improved by the introduction of blast furnaces there by Louis de Geer, and he maintained a shaky alliance with John George of Saxony. This ruler ended wars with his neighbors through the treaties of Knared and Stolbovo, although he was constantly at war with his cousin, Sigismund III of Poland. Axel Oxenstierna served as this ruler's chancellor, and this ruler defeated Count Tilly and Albrecht von Wallenstein in battles such as Breitenfeld and Lutzen. For 10 points, name this king, the father of Christina, who led Swedish forces in the Thirty Years' War.
Answer: Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden [or Gustav II Adolph]
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This sculptor created a winged figure standing on a globe as a memorial for the Aviator James R. McConnell. This man's first major work was the bronze Mares of Diomedes, which he followed up with an equestrian statue of Philip Sheridan. This sculptor created a marble bust of Abraham Lincoln for the Capitol Rotunda and abandoned a project in which Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis, and Stonewall Jackson were carved into Stone Mountain. His best known work was finished by his son Lincoln and contains an enterable Hall of Records above a massive pile of granite remains. For 10 points, name this sculptor who designed Mount Rushmore.
Answer: (John) Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum
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The inherited form of this disease has been linked to presenilin 1 and 2 genes, as well as the apoE4 gene on chromosome Hyperphosphorylation of tau proteins figures into the tau hypothesis concerning the pathogenesis of this disease. A better-known hypothesis is the amyloid beta hypothesis, which suggests that the buildup of amyloid beta plaques is responsible. Perhaps the oldest theory concerning this disease is that it is caused by a shortage of acetylcholine in the brain. For 10 points, name this neurodegenerative disease primarily affecting the elderly whose symptoms include memory loss.
Answer: Alzheimer's Disease
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In the presence of palladium, a thioester is reacted with an organohalide containing this metal to produce ketones in the Fukuyama coupling, and this element is coupled with copper to produce cyclopropane in the Simmons-Smith reaction. An amalgam of mercury and this metal is used in the Clemmensen reduction. Its sulfide mixed with iron forms the mineral sphalerite, and a pyrithione of this metal was common in shampoo before deemed harmful. The production of galvanized steel involves soaking the steel in this metal and then using galvanization to coat the steel with it. Appearing with copper and tin in pennies, for 10 points, name this metal with symbol Zn.
Answer: zinc [or Zn before mentioned]
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This work describes a "hung jury" that "threw potato salad at CCNY lecturers on Dadaism." This poem's description of "twenty five thousand mad comrades" is reference to the population of Pilgrim State, a mental institution where one person mentioned in this poem received shock therapy. This poem's end references a "sea-journey on the highway across America in tears." This work repeats the word Moloch and tells Carl Solomon "I'm with you in Rockland." This poem opens with the line "I saw the best minds of my generation, destroyed by madness, starving hysterical." For 10 points, name this paragon of beat poetry by Allan Ginsberg.
Answer: "Howl"
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Stanley Newman claimed that these entities do not exist in the Nuxalk language. In Middle Chinese, one of them ending in [p], [t] or [k] was known as an entering tone. A "heavy" one of these is said to consist of two morae, while a "light" one consists of a single mora. They consist of an optional onset and coda surrounding an obligatory nucleus, which is usually a vowel. The shift from pictographic writing systems to systems based on these units is said to have occurred in Sumer with the development of cuneiform. For 10 points, name these prosodic structures which make up words.
Answer: syllables
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This organization's first president William Jones resigned over a scandal involving its Baltimore branch. This organization's second president Langdon Cheves restored its integrity by weeding out incompetent officers, including the director of that Baltimore branch, James McCulloch, who was also involved in the namesake 1819 Supreme Court case that established Congress's implied powers. The third president of this organization blamed the demise of it on the Specie Circular, and famously quarreled with the man who refused to renew its charter, Andrew Jackson. For 10 points, name this organization led by Nicholas Biddle, the national bank which succeeded the one proposed by Alexander Hamilton.
Answer: Second Bank of the United States
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Characters in this novel include a consumptive boy who forgets to put a firing cap on his pistol after reading his "Essential Statement." That boy, Hippolite, dies after befriending Kolya the younger son of General Ivolkin. Other characters include Burdovsky who tries to scam the protagonist out of part of his inheritance. The protagonist of this novel has an epileptic fit after breaking an expensive vase at a party. Aglaya Yepanchin is abandoned by a Polish count in this novel, and Rogozhin offers Nastassya one hundred thousand rubles but ends up stabbing her. For 10 points, name this work about the kind but naive Prince Myshkin by Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
Answer: The Idiot
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Glaucus of Corinth was torn apart by his own horses as punishment for angering this deity. This figure baked two barley cakes for Charon for a trip to the underworld in an episode where she made he future daughter-in-law fetch wool from deadly golden sheep and sort piles of grains. This figure was unable to stop a boar from castrating and goring one of her lovers, who she shared with Persephone. This nominal wife of Hephaestus and lover of Adonis was born from foam after Uranus's castration and received Eris's Apple of Discord, leading Paris to abduct Helen. For 10 points, name this Greek goddess of love.
Answer: Aphrodite [do not prompt on or accept Venus]
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Male and Female, one of this artist's earliest works, may have been influenced by David Alfaro Siquieros, while his 1943 work The She-Wolf may have been influenced by Jungian psychology. One of his most famous works was done on an eight-foot by four-foot piece of fiberboard and prominently features layered yellow and brown streaks of paint. His 1952 painting Blue Poles and the aforementioned No. 5 both illustrate his technique of dripping paint directly onto his paintings. For 10 points, name this abstract expressionist who pioneered the technique of action painting.
Answer: Paul Jackson Pollock
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In 2004, a 30-kilometer wide analog of this Earth phenomenon was observed at Mars's Terra Cimmeria. Van Allen suggested that this event arose due to radiation belt emissions, though that was disproven since it involves mostly low-energy electrons. It is thought to arise from Birkeland currents dipping in and out of the ionosphere, which are then aligned by the earth's magnetic field in the east-west direction to create the fleeting colorful "curtains" commonly associated with this phenomenon. Observed in the night sky in places like Norway and Canada, for 10 points identify this colorful phenomenon also known as the northern lights.
Answer: Aurora Borealis [or Northern polar lights before mentioned]
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Unlike his predecessor, this ruler recognized the Parthian king Osroes I, and while he traveled abroad, this emperor employed the frumentarii and Marcius Turbo to prevent any coups. This emperor intended Lucius Aelius to become his successor, but outlived him, and following a proclamation by Akiba ben Joseph, this man faced the revolt of Simon Bar Kokhba in Judea. This ruler had his Greek lover Antinous deified, and adopted Antoninus Pius as his successor. For 10 points, name this third of the Five Good Emperors, the successor of Trajan, who ordered his namesake wall be built in England.
Answer: Publius Aelius Hadrianus
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This event saw the failed Project 571 conspiracy, whose supposed instigator would later die in a mysterious plane crash. This event officially began with the May 16 Notice, although it was the article "Bombard the Headquarters" that inflamed sentiments. Another important event in the lead-up to this was the denunciation of the play "Hai Rui Dismissed from Office." This period also saw the 1968 "Down to the Countryside Movement," and notable features of this period include big-character posters and Red Guards. For 10 points, name this chaotic time in China's history which ended with Mao's death in 19
Answer: Cultural Revolution
 
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by Duke A + Harvard Zhao
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
A breadth-first search of one of these structures looks at nodes adjacent to one another rather than searching through offspring first. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this data structure whose binary search variety contains only offspring with smaller keys to the left and larger keys to the right of any given parent node.
Answer: node-based tree
[10] This type of tree is a subgraph linking all the vertices of a connected graph and having the smallest edge weights between vertices.
Answer: minimum weight spanning tree [prompt on partial answer]
[10] Named for its inventors, this type of self-balancing binary tree is capable of faster retrieval than red-black trees. For a tree of size n, this tree's height is limited to 1.44 times the log of n.
Answer: AVL tree [or Adelson-Velskii Landis tree]
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This proprietary technology was invented by an Exxon engineer for analyzing seismic patterns, but has gained more attention for its use in songs like Cher's "Believe." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this technology which a recent song proclaims the death of, and which is adored by T-Pain.
Answer: Auto-Tune
[10] "Death of Autotune" appears on The Blueprint 3 along with this track, which boasts "I could trip a referee" and features Alicia Keys calling the title place a "concrete jungle where dreams are made of."
Answer: "Empire State of Mind"
[10] The Blueprint 3 is the latest album of this rapper, who feuded with Nas and whose Black Album included the singles "Dirt Off Your Shoulder" and "99 Problems."
Answer: Jay-Z [or Shawn Corey Carter]
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He wrote about the greed of Pahom in "How Much Land does a Man Need?" For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Russian author of War and Peace and Anna Karenina.
Answer: Leo Tolstoy
[10] The protagonist of this short Tolstoy work draws strength from the servant Gerasim after accepting his inevitable death from a freak curtain hanging accident.
Answer: "The Death of Ivan Ilyich" [or "Smert Ivana Ilicha"]
[10] In this Tolstoy work, Pozdnishef interrupts a conversation on a train with the grisly story of how he killed his wife when she cheated on him with the musician Trukhashevsky.
Answer: The Kreutzer Sonata [or Kreytserova sonata]
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The Saybrook Platform was a reaction to this, and this compromise was championed by Solomon Stoddard. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this relaxation of church policy in colonial New England which allowed second and third generation settlers to gain partial membership.
Answer: Half-Way Covenant
[10] The Half-Way Covenant was an impetus for this religious movement of the early eighteenth century which was led by Jonathan Edwards, among others.
Answer: First Great Awakening
[10] Another leader of the Great Awakening was this man from Great Britain who was a founder of Methodism with John Wesley.
Answer: George Whitefield
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Name these pop artists, for 10 points each.,
[10] No pop art bonus is complete without the mention of this artist, who made screen prints of Marilyn Monroe and Campbell's soup cans.
Answer: Andy Warhol [or Andrew Warhola]
[10] This American created assemblages such as Canyon, in which an eagle protrudes from the background. He also created combines such as Monogram.
Answer: Robert Rauschenberg
[10] This artist is most noted for his paintings in the style of comic books such as Whaam!, which depicts a fighter jet being blown up by an enemy plane.
Answer: Roy Lichtenstein
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This author was the first American to translate Dante's Divine Comedy, and he wrote about "a mountain in the distant West" which displays the title feature in his poem "The Cross of Snow." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of "Paul Revere's Ride" and The Song of Hiawatha.
Answer: Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
[10] This Longfellow work uses dactylic hexameter to tell the story of the title victim of the Acadian Diaspora and opens in the "forest primeval."
Answer: Evangeline
[10] The title character of this Longfellow poem works under "a spreading chestnut tree" and is reminded of his dead wife by his "daughter's voice, singing in" the church choir.
Answer: "The Village Blacksmith"
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Its lower portion consists of the D-prime and D-double prime layers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this region of the Earth whose uppermost portion, lying just below the crust, makes up part of the lithosphere. It lies just above the outer core.
Answer: mantle
[10] Partially responsible for hotspots are these upwellings of hot rock originating from the core, which are associated with the heat exchange that cools the core.
Answer: mantle plumes
[10] The Airy model posits that changes in crustal thickness at different heights in the upper mantle help account for this equilibrium between the lithosphere and asthenosphere, allowing tectonic plates to float by natural buoyancy.
Answer: isostasy [accept variants like isostatic equilibrium, etc.]
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The Revolt of the Brotherhoods can be seen as an extension of this movement, and this period began with Pelayo's victory at Covadonga. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this centuries long period of Iberian history during which the peninsula was retaken by Christians.
Answer: Reconquista
[10] The Reconquista ended with the 1492 capture of this Andalusian city whose last Nasrid ruler was Muhammad XII or Boabdil.
Answer: Granada
[10] Although the Capitulation of Granada granted religious freedom, many Muslims were forcibly converted, and were known by this term until their expulsion by Philip III in 1609.
Answer: Moriscos
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His papers "The Fixation of Belief" and "How to Make Our Ideas Clear" are regarded as the origin of pragmatism. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this American philosopher.
Answer: Charles Sanders Peirce
[10] This other pragmatist wrote The Will to Believe as well as The Varieties of Religious Experience.
Answer: William James
[10] This philosopher's early work was influenced by the pragmatists, as is evident in his book, Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, which claimed that many philosophical problems are in fact pseudo-problems.
Answer: Richard Rorty
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This gas is often pumped into oil wells for oil recovery, and its solid form is mixed with 100% acetone to yield a -78 degree Celsius environment for chemical reactions. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this compound, whose solid form is dry ice.
Answer: carbon dioxide [or CO2]
[10] In the blood buffering system, carbonic anhydrase converts carbon dioxide into this anion with formula HCO3 minus, which exists in equilibrium with carbonic acid.
Answer: bicarbonate [or hydrogen carbonate; do not accept "carbonate" or the like]
[10] Most forms of carbonic anhydrase possess a zinc ion complexed to three residues of this amino acid, which commonly appears with cysteine in zinc fingers.
Answer: histidine [or his; or H]
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One author from this country used the Tropicana Cabaret as a setting for his novel Three Trapped Tigers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this home of Guillermo Cabrera Infante and another author whowrote a patriotic song about a girl from its Guantanamo region called "Guantanamera."
Answer: Republic of Cuba
[10] This revolutionary Cuban poet wrote "Guantanamera" and collected his work in "Versos Sencillos" and "Versos Libres." He is the namesake of a US government radio station that broadcasts into Cuba.
Answer: Jose Julian Marti Perez
[10] This British author wrote about a spy working in Cuba in his novel Our Man in Havana. He also wrote The Heart of the Matter and Brighton Rock.
Answer: Graham Greene
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One of these works in blue and gold depicts the Old Battersea Bridge. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this series of twenty-one paintings, one of which depicts a fireworks show and was famously criticized by John Ruskin. That painting is sometimes known as The Falling Rocket.
Answer: Nocturnes
[10] The Nocturnes were painted by this American whose most famous painting is a profile portrait of his mother dressed in white and black sitting against a wall.
Answer: James Abott McNeill Whistler
[10] Frederick Leyland hired Whistler to repaint this room, which he did in an elaborate mural of greens over metallic gold leaf. After a quarrel with Leyland, Whistler painted two of the titular animals fighting.
Answer: The Peacock Room
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Name these things and people related to the development of genetics for 10 points each.,
[10] This Austrian monk conducted some of the first experiments on genetics using pea plants, in which he studied color and height, as well as at least five other phenotypes.
Answer: Gregor Mendel
[10] Mendel may have employed these simple, four-sided diagrams used to predict the probability of each genotype in a cross between two individuals of known genotypes.
Answer: Punnett square
[10] In his book Intracellular Pangenesis, this Dutch botanist put forth the concept of pangenes aka genes. Unaware of Mendel's obscure work until the late 1890s, he worked with various plant hybrids, independently discovering the laws of genetics.
Answer: Hugo de Vries
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This composer's fifth symphony contains a "motto" theme inspired by Glinka's A Life for the Tsar. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this composer whose fourth symphony contains a movement where the strings entirely play pizzicato, the composer of the Winter Daydreams and Manfred symphonies.
Answer: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
[10] Tchaikovsky's most famous symphony is this one, his last, which opens with a bassoon solo marked pianissississississimo, or six ps. Its second movement proceeds in 5/4 and contains a strange waltz.
Answer:
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ANSEWR: Pathetique Symphony [accept Symphony No. 6 in B minor, Op. 74],
[10] In contrast to the Pathetique symphony, this Tchaikovsky work ends with several cannon shots, includes a repetition of La Marseillaise, and commemorates the defense of Moscow during Napoleon's invasion.
Answer: 1812 Overture, Op. 49
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It was issued in reaction to Bloody Sunday and the Revolution of 19 For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this decree which granted basic civil liberties and established the first Duma.
Answer: October Manifesto [or Oktyabrsky Manifest]
[10] This first Russian Prime Minister, who negotiated the Treaty of Portsmouth, was the author of the October Manifesto.
Answer: Sergei Yulyevich Witte
[10] This last tsar of Russia, whose ministers included Sergei Witte and Pyotr Stolypin, issued the October Manifesto.
Answer: Nicholas II of Russia
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This photographer opened "The Intimate Gallery" to facilitate his creepy relationship with Dorothy Norman. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this photographer well known for his "Music - A Sequence of Ten Cloud Photographs," who snapped several shots of New York and of his wife Georgia O'Keeffe.
Answer: Alfred Stieglitz
[10] Stieglitz showcased his photographs of some of this sculptor's drawings. This sculptor produced The Age of Bronze, The Burghers of Calais, and The Thinker.
Answer: Francois-Auguste-Rene Rodin
[10] In the 1930s, Steiglitz's circle expanded to include this photographer, who worked on a photo-essay of Manzanar internees and also shot "Moon and Half Dome" in Yosemite.
Answer: Ansel Easton Adams
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Answer these questions about a principle in criminal law, for 10 points each.,
[10] This principle, used in the American legal system, states that evidence gathered unconstitutionally is inadmissible in court. The fruit of the poisonous tree doctrine is an extension of it.
Answer: exclusionary rule
[10] This amendment to the Constitution ensures protection against unreasonable search and seizure and states that warrants may not be issued without probable cause.
Answer: Fourth Amendment
[10] This 1961 Supreme Court case decided that evidence obtained in violation of the Fourth Amendment is inadmissible in state courts, not only federal courts.
Answer: Mapp v. Ohio [accept in either order]
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This author wrote about William Crimsworth, who becomes a teacher and marries one of his students in her novel The Professor. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this author of Villette who included a crazy lady in the attic named Bertha Mason in her novel Jane Eyre.
Answer: Charlotte Bronte [prompt on "Bronte"]
[10] Jane Eyre falls in love with this master of Thornfield Hall, and marries him despite his blindness.
Answer: Edward Fairfax Rochester
[10] Jane's only friend at Lowood Institution is this pious girl, who dies of the consumption after a typhus epidemic.
Answer: Helen Burns [accept either]
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Name these Asian politicians who had European wives, for 10 points each:,
[10] This prime minister of India from 1984 to 1989 was assassinated in 1991 by a suicide bomber. His Italian wife Sonia now leads the Congress party.
Answer: Rajiv Gandhi [prompt on "Gandhi"]
[10] This first president of South Korea assumed dictatorial powers when the Korean War broke out, and was exiled with his Austrian wife Franziska Donner to Hawaii after his overthrow in a 1960 coup.
Answer: Syngman Rhee [or Yi Seungman]
[10] This president of Taiwan succeeded his father as chairman of the Kuomintang in 1975 and allowed opposition parties to form. He met his Belarusian wife Faina as a student in Moscow.
Answer: Chiang Ching-kuo [or Jiang Jingguo; do not accept "Chiang Kai-shek" or "Jiang Jieshi"]
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During this event, the central figure tells people to "remove the log from your own eye before attending to the splinter in your friend's." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this event which sees a throng of people being told to "treat people the way you want to be treated" and which is often compared to a similar event "on the Mount."
Answer: Sermon on the Plain
[10] The Sermon on the Plain is contained within this longest synoptic gospel, which opens with the births of John the Baptist and Jesus, and recounts 20 miracles. It follows the Gospel of Mark.
Answer: Gospel of Luke
[10] Both the Sermon on the Plain and the Sermon on the Mount contain these blessings, which state that the pure of heart will see God and that the meek will inherit the earth.
Answer: Beatitudes
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Low values of this dimensionless number indicate laminar flow. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this quantity in fluid mechanics that gives the ratio of inertial forces to viscous forces.
Answer: Reynolds number
[10] At high values of Reynolds number, this type of flow occurs. It is very chaotic and may produce eddies and vortices.
Answer: turbulent flow
[10] One way of writing Reynolds number is as the product of density, velocity, and length divided by this type of viscosity, symbolized mu. It is equal to density times the kinematic viscosity.
Answer: dynamic viscosity
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Though China is the most populous country in the world, its largest cities only hold a small minority of the country's people. Name some Chinese cities, for 10 points each.,
[10] Along with Chongqing and Nanjing, this city is known as the one of the Three Furnaces because of its hot climate. Lying at the confluence of the Han and Yangtze rivers, it is the capital of the Hubei Province.
Answer: Wuhan
[10] This city formerly known as Canton is the capital of the Guandong Province and is located in the Pearl River Delta, north of Hong Kong.
Answer: Guangzhou
[10] This city is one of only two locations in China not to use the yuan, as it uses the pataca instead. Located southwest of Hong Kong, it was controlled by Portugal until 1999.
Answer: Macau

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