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View Packets Tournament Editor
2006 ACF Fall Tossups by Drake A and MIT B and GT B
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His name derives from a word meaning "herdsman", and his body was buried after two turtle-doves flew down showing the process of burial. His eldest son built the first city mentioned in the Bible. The decline of his "firstlings of his flock and of the fat" led to his most famous act, and after his most famous act, he wore a sign of protection that promised that if he was killed, his death would be avenged sevenfold. FTP, name this first-born son of Adam and Eve who murdered his brother Abel.
Answer: Cain
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He worked for Bruno Paul starting at the age of 19, and he also spent four years working in Peter Behrens' studio, but he never received any formal training in the field he is most commonly identified with. He was Director of Architecture at the Illinois Institute of Technology for twenty years, and during that tenure he designed the nearby Farnsworth House, which provoked controversy, but he is better known for collaborating with Philip Johnson on the Seagram Building. FTP, name this architect, the last director of the Bauhaus School and the originator of the term "less is more."
Answer: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
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Precursors to this event occurred in 1894, in response to the formation of the Bell and Union parties and a tax strike in Sasun, and again in 1896 after the occupation of the national bank by members of the "loyal millet." It is often held to have started on April 24 with the arrest of two hundred prominent community leaders, and the most widely accepted numerical description of it is based on fieldwork done by future historian Arnold Toynbee during his career in the British Foreign Office. Discussion of it is suppressed today by Article 301, which has led to the persecution of Hrant Dink and Orhan Pamuk. The main thrust of this campaign occurred under the pretext of a deportation to Syria and Iraq and resulted in six hundred thousand deaths. FTP, name this World War I-era campaign by the Ottoman and Turkish governments against a minority population.
Answer: the Armenian genocide [or Medz Yeghern; if some moronic Turkish nationalist gives an answer like "the random deaths of a lot of Armenians that Turkey wasn't responsible for," you can prompt him, but he's not right until he says the word genocide]
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With Lebesgue, this man's name denotes a lemma which states that if a function oscillates rapidly about zero, its integral will be small. With Cauchy, his name describes a set of equations necessary for a complex function to be holomorphic, and his namesake surface is a one-dimensional complex manifold. This man may be most famous for formulating one of the most well known unsolved problems in mathematics - whether the real part of any nontrivial zero of his eponymous zeta function has real part one-half. FTP, name this German mathematician whose namesake sums also approach his namesake integral.
Answer: Bernhard Riemann
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A woman obsesses over the newspapers used to wrap the baby born on her nursery floor in one of his stories, another of which takes place primarily at the After the Show Retreat. In addition to "Swaddling Clothes" and "After the Banquet" his stories include "Death in Midsummer" and one about the suicide of an army lieutenant and his wife. He also wrote dramas such as Twilight Sunflower and The Damask Drum, but better known are novels like The Sound of Waves, which followed Forbidden Colors and a novel about the conflicted student Kochan. Other characters created by this author include the priest Mizoguchi and Honda, the protagonist of his most famous tetralogy. FTP name this author of The Temple of the Golden Pavilion and The Sea of Fertility who committed seppuku on public television.
Answer: Yukio Mishima
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He was inspired by Ludvig Lindeman to create four Symphonic Dances and one of his frequent walking expeditions led to the cycle The Mountain Maid. His other works include Lyric Pieces and The Holberg Suite, and his only concerto completed was the Piano Concerto in A minor, which was similar in style to Robert Schumann's. His most famous work contains Anitra's Dance and The Hall of the Mountain King. FTP, name this Norwegian composer of Peer Gynt.
Answer: Edvard Grieg
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This quantity can be defined as the derivative of internal energy with respect to volume at constant entropy. It can be measured by Kiel probes, and structures sensitive to it in the body include Ruffini endings and Pascinian Corpuscles. The radiation variety is calculated as one over c times the energy flux, and it was recently found that the absolute form of this quantity can be negative, explaining transpirational pull. Gay-Lussac's Law says that, at constant volume, it is directly proportional to temperature, and Boyle's Law deals with its relation to volume. FTP name this state function often measured in Pascals, defined as force per unit area.
Answer: Pressure
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At the urging of John Greenleaf Whittier, this man attempted to pay the fine that would release William Lloyd Garrison from prison, but Arthur Tappan rushed to pre-empt him from doing so. The first attempt to indict Aaron Burr for treason failed due to the efforts of this defense attorney, who gained further prominence in the Burr fallout when he won a special election to replace Burr associate John Adair in the Senate. He was allowed to take his seat despite being only twenty-nine years old and thus Constitutionally ineligible. In 1809 he journeyed to Indiana, where dueling was legal, to face off against Humphrey Marshall, and he fought another duel in 1826 with John Randolph, who opposed this man's efforts to pass the Missouri Compromise. His supporters, known as the "Infant School," followed him to the new National Republican party, which collapsed after his 1832 defeat in a presidential run against Andrew Jackson. FTP, name this Kentucky Senator and three-time presidential loser whose conciliatory efforts such as the 1833 Compromise Tarriff led him to be dubbed the Great Compromiser.
Answer: Henry Clay
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Asterix and Obelix discovered the key to reverse aging here. Its "factor" was the subject of the second NES G.I. Joe game, and Sophia Hapgood accompanied Indiana Jones to this place in a LucasArts game that explores its "fate." One place known by this name was built by the Asurans, and another is located in the Pegasus Galaxy, where it was besieged by the Wraith before an Earth team discovered it and made Dr. Elizabeth Weir its administrator. This placename also appeared in the title of two major films of 2001, one in which Bobby and Elizabeth Garfield meet Ted Brautigan, played by Anthony Hopkins, which is named for "hearts" in this place, and another an animated feature about Milo Thatch, which dubs it the "lost empire." FTP, identify this mythical locale, the setting of a Stargate: SG-1 spinoff and the namesake of a Donovan song explaining how it sunk long ago.
Answer: Atlantis
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With Albert Hunold, this man co-founded the Mount Pelerin Society, which was dedicated to the preservation of free societies. His Abuse of Reason project criticized social scientists' misuse of natural science principles, a practice he called "scientism." He wrote a critical review of Keyenes's A Treatise on Money, and Keynes returned the favor for this man's Prices and Production. His trade cycle theory was popular during the Great Depression, but he is most famous for a work in which he argues that socialist ideals lead to tyrrany, and that Nazi Germany and the USSR were on the titular journey. FTP, name this Austrian who shared the 1974 Nobel Prize in Economics with Gunnar Myrdal, the author of The Road to Serfdom.
Answer: Friedrich August von Hayek
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Gerard de Nerval's poem "El Desdichado" takes its title from the motto of a character in this work, and Charles Chesnutt's House Behind the Cedars is a retelling of it. Hilarity ensues when two characters try to ask Gurth and Wamba for directions, but they are led down the right path by the title character. That character and a moneylender then travel to Ashby de la Zouche, where they meet the Black Sluggard. After leaving Ashby de la Zouche the title character and his party are captured and imprisoned in Torquilstone castle, where Brian des Bois-Guilbert attempts to force Rebecca to convert to Christianity. However, the Black Sluggard teams up with Robin Hood and storms the castle. The title character then fights a duel to rescue Rebecca and ultimately marries his true love, Rowena. FTP name this novel about a disinherited knight by Sir Walter Scott.
Answer: Ivanhoe
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At the age of twenty-three, he wrote a biography in the form of a letter to a physician, explaining why he turned to scholarship. In a biography that came after A Kind of History of My Life, he described the initial success of his Political Discourses. Also in that later biography, My Own Life, this thinker mentions a trip to France, where he wrote a three-part work that did not receive the approval of Joseph Butler. His ideas were criticized in Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man, written by Thomas Reid. His most famous work, which attacked the self-love theory, contained sections including "Of the Reason of Animals" and "Of Miracles," and awoke Kant from his "dogmatic slumber." FTP, name this Scottish philosopher and author of An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding.
Answer: David Hume
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Howard Barker discussed the aftermath of this battle in Scenes from an Execution, and the Fontana dei Quattro Mori in Marino commemorates it. It reversed the outcome of the Battle of Preveza fought forty-four years earlier, and it was followed by a brief campaign of expansion which captured Tunis. The Marques de Santa Cruz's reserve forces helped annihilate the defeated side after this event, whose immediate cause was the siege of Famagusta and capture of Nicosia during a war over Cyprus, whose surrender two years later reversed this battle's practical impact. The king of one country involved in this event appointed Luis de Requesens responsible for controlling the temper of the military commander, whose other lieutenants included Alessandro Farnese and Andrea Doria. FTP, name this battle in which Pius V's Holy League fleet commanded by Don John of Austria sailed to the Gulf of Corinth and defeated Ali Pasha in 1571.
Answer: Battle of Lepanto
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These molecules stimulate the production of protein kinase R, which acts to inhibit eIF2. First discovered in 1957 by Alick Isaacs and Jean Lindenmann, the beta 1 a type has been approved as the drug Avonex to treat multiple sclerosis. The alpha type can be used to treat genital warts and hairy cell leukemia, as well as Kaposi's Sarcoma and some forms of hepatitis. Also coming in gamma, tau, and omega types, they are primarily secreted by leukocytes, fibroblasts, and lymphocytes. Triggered by the presence of double stranded RNA, FTP name this class of proteins that most notably stimulates defensive protein production in cells infected with viruses.
Answer: Interferons
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This was the name of the post-independence Italian political party led by Count Cavour, while an American version helped the centrist credentials of Republicans Jacob Javits and John Lindsay, though it usually endorses Democrats in New York. Another party by this name supported an end to the purchase of military commissions, the legalization of unions, and the introduction of the secret ballot. That party lost the Unionist faction in 1886, and was split by supporters of John Simon and Herbert Samuel in the 1940s. Its name came into use under John Russell's administration, and it merged with the Social Democrats in 1988 to form what is currently the third-largest party in Parliament after a long decline following an earlier factional dispute between Herbert Asquith and David Lloyd George. FTP, give the common name of the party which governed Canada under Pierre Trudeau and Jean Chretien, and the British party led by William Gladstone.
Answer: Liberal Party
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This process was first observed by Jan Ingenhousz in 1785. It corresponds to a Fokker-Planck Equation with no deterministic term and constant stochastic term, and it is generally modeled as a Wiener Process, while the Langevin formula can govern the average displacement. It is formally equivalent to the macro-scale diffusion equation with constant diffusion coefficient, and its namesake first observed it occurring for a pollen particle in water. Described by Einstein using the kinetic theory of gas, FTP name this seemingly random motion of a particle in a fluid, the namesake of a Scottish biologist.
Answer: Brownian Motion
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Jacques Loeb was the first to induce this artificially in 1900, but the phenomenon had been discovered by Charles Bonnet in 1745 while he was studying the habits of aphids. Gregory Pincus, in experiments on rabbit fertility in 1963, was the first to produce this effect in mammals. It occurs in whiptail lizards, though they still display courtship behavior among all females, and it is most notably demonstrated by the birth of male hymenopterans. Recently produced in mice by mutating one egg to simulate a sperm for another, FTP name this form of asexual reproduction in which an egg develops without fertilization.
Answer: Parthenogenesis
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In one work by this man the title characters assault a man with checkered dish towels and clowns' slapsticks, while another play features Betty, Yetta, and Henry trapped in a house due to the title weather phenomenon. A German teacher is being treated for prognathism by an unnamed dentist in his novel Local Anesthetic, which was followed by From the Diary of a Snail. The title character of another novel allows himself to be caught by nine fishing feminists whom he helps to wrest control of the world from men, while another title character is given as a pet to the narrator as a Christmas gift and appears in his eschatological dreams. In addition to The Flounder and The Rat this author is known for a trilogy that begins with the story of the dwarf Oskar Mazerath. FTP name this author of Cat and Mouse and The Tin Drum.
Answer: Gunther Wilhelm Grass
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As a child the protagonist of this novel plays with Shelby and Eleanor, who call her Alphabet. She complains about her first husband's big belly, mule-foot toenails, and aversion to washing his feet before bed. Tony and Coker help build her second husband's store, where she works with her hair covered by a kerchief. While there after that man dies she meets a man who entertains her with his guitar and checker games, with whom she eventually goes on de muck picking beans. However, a rabid dog bites him in the face and she shoots him in self-defense, after which the protagonist returns to Eatonville. FTP name this novel about Janie Crawford by Zora Neale Hurston.
Answer: Their Eyes Were Watching God
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In this work, the title figure has her hand on her breast, and her right foot rests on two pillows. In the right background of this painting near the lush pink drapery , there is a miniature man unfolding a scroll in front of an unfinished line of columns without capitals. In the left foreground, angelic figures watch the titular figure seated on a very luxurious chair with green and red pillows at her feet. The title figures elongated fingers hold back her shawl, and her eyes focus on the very alien-looking child in her lap. FTP, name this Mannerist painting by Parmigianino, whose titular figure has an extended feature.
Answer: Madonna with the Long Neck (or Madonna of the Long Neck or Madonna del Cullo Longo)
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TB. M43, also known as De Mairan's Nebula, is found in this constellation, along with the Flame Nebula, the Horsehead Nebula, and this constellation's namesake nebula. The two latter structures are found in Barnard's loop, and all of these objects are part of its namesake Molecular Cloud Complex. The trio of stars Alnitak, Alnilam, and Mintaka form its most famous structure, and its alpha and beta stars form parts of the Winter Triangle and Winter Circle. Found on the celestial equator, FTP name this constellation containing Rigel and Betelgeuse that is also known as The Hunter, with a famous belt.
Answer: Orion
 
2006 ACF Fall Bonuses by Drake A and MIT B and GT B
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Name the member of the Russian Five given a list of works, FTPE.,
[10] The opera Mademoiselle Fifi and the chamber music piece Kaleidoscope.
Answer: Cesar Cui
[10] Operatic works by this Russian include The Snowmaiden and The Golden Cockerel.
Answer: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
[10] Overture on a Spanish March Theme is by this Russian, who couldn't even play his own Islamey.
Answer: Mily Balakirev
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Charles II's bequeath of the throne to Phillip V was the nominal cause of this war. FTPE:,
[10] Name this European conflict which raged from 1701 to 1714.
Answer: War of the Spanish Succession
[10] This 1704 battle made the Duke of Marlborough a household name, thanks to some help from Eugene of Savoy in dealing the Comte de Tallard the first defeat of a French army in fifty years.
Answer: Battle of Blenheim
[10] This treaty ended the War of Spanish Succession and had enormous ramifications on later history because it gave Gibraltar and the monopoly on the slave trade to England.
Answer: Peace/Treaty of Utrecht
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She committed suicide in 1963 at the age of 30. FTPE:,
[10] Name this author who wrote the novel The Bell Jar.
Answer: Sylvia Plath
[10] Name the protagonist of that novel.
Answer: Esther Greenwood (Accept either name)
[10] Plath was married to this British poet at the time of her death.
Answer: Edward James "Ted" Hughes
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Name these constructs from Abstract Algebra for ten points each.,
[10] This is a set closed under an associative operation that has an identity element. It is named for this "one-like" element.
Answer: Monoid
[10] This is a monoid, all of whose elements have an inverse.
Answer: Group
[10] This is another term for a commutative group, derived from the name of a Norwegian algebraist.
Answer: Abelian group
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FTPE, name these credits of Zach Braff.,
[10] Braff wrote, directed, and starred as Andrew Largeman in this movie, where he reconciles with his father, played by Ian Holm, after hanging out with Natalie Portman's generic Quirky Girl character.
Answer: Garden State
[10] Braff's most recent work is as Michael, who cheats on his pregnant girlfriend with a college student in this 2006 film from A Walk on the Moon director Tony Goldwyn.
Answer: The Last Kiss
[10] Braff is also starting his sixth season as J.D. Dorian on this NBC medical show.
Answer: Scrubs
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Name these figures from a story in the Apocrypha, FTPE.,
[10] This virtuous man, the husband of Anna, has sparrows poop in his eyes while sleeping, causing him to be blind until Raphael brings him a magic potion.
Answer: Tobit
[10] Son of Tobit, this man traveles to Medes and marries Sarah, daughter of Raguel and Edna.
Answer: Tobias
[10] The angel Raphael helps Tobias defeat this demon, who killed Sarah's first seven husbands.
Answer: Asmodeus
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FTPE, Name the psychologist given a short description of his most famous experiment.,
[10] This man's conformity experiment had people pick out which lines on a card were the same length while the majority of the group, who were actors, picked the wrong one.
Answer: Solomon Asch
[10] This psychologist had an actor pretend to be electrocuted when the subject flipped a switch, which supposedly controlled an electrical current to the person in the next room, stunning the world with his study on obedience.
Answer: Stanley Milgram
[10] This social psychologist at Stanford conducted an experiment in which his subjects were randomly assigned to the positions of guards and inmates. Things went wrong, very wrong.
Answer: Philip Zimbardo
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Name these thermodynamic quantities FTPE.,
[10] This quantity is defined as the amount of energy needed to change the temperature of a material by one degree. Note that this definition did NOT mention anything about one unit of mass.
Answer: Heat Capacity [do not accept 'Specific heat capacity' or 'specific heat']
[10] Defined as internal energy minus the product of temperature and entropy, this quantity represents the amount of energy needed to create a system after spontaneous energy transfer to it is complete.
Answer: Helmholtz Free Energy
[10] Most thermodynamic variables can be expressed in terms of this general function, symbolized Z. Its canonical version is defined as the sum over all microstates of e to negative product of the thermodynamic beta and the energy of the particular microstate.
Answer: Partition function
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Answer the following about the paintings of Jan Van Eyck, for ten points each.,
[10] This alterpiece's central panel depicts the adoration of the lamb. The left and right inside panels depict the Virgin Mary and God the Father.
Answer: Ghent Altarpiece
[10] One of the most studied paintings of all time, it depicts a couple in a room with a bed on the left. In the back of the room is a curved mirror, whose reflection is painted with impressive detail.
Answer: The Arnolfini Wedding (Accept anything including Arnolfini)
[10] This painting, considered by some to be a self-portrait, portrays a male wearing a coat and the titular headgear
Answer: Man in a Red Turban
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Identify the following playwrights FTPE.,
[10] He wrote plays such as The Garden Party and Memorandum about five years before the Prague Spring crackdown, which banned his works in the theater. This gave him a convenient inspiration to switch careers.
Answer: Vaclav Havel
[10] Around the same time period, this playwright created the character Berenger, who first appeared in Tueur sans gags. In one of his later plays, Berenger is the only one not to transform into the title horned animal.
Answer: Eugene Ionesco
[10] This pseudo-existentialist wrote about a brothel run by Irma in The Balcony. He is also known for The Maids and The Blacks.
Answer: Jean Genet
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Name these Mesopotamian gods and goddesses, FTPE.,
[10] This dragon is the primordial Babylonian goddess, whose husband, Apsu, was killed by Ea.
Answer: Tiamat
[10] This Babylonian god slew Tiamat, and used her blood to fill the oceans.
Answer: Marduk
[10] This Sumerian goddess killed her sister Inanna in the Underworld attempted to trap her sister Ishtar in the underworld.
Answer: Ereshkigal (or Irkalla)
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It contains poems such as "The Jewels," "The Voyage," and "The Albatross." FTPE:,
[10] Name this collection of French poems, first published in 1868.
Answer: Flowers of Evil or Le Fleurs du Mal
[10] Name the author of Flowers of Evil.
Answer: Charles Baudelaire
[10] This first and best-known portion of Flowers of Evil contains poems like "Benediction" and "Beacons" which provide contrast between the titular opposite emotional states.
Answer: Spleen and Ideal or Spleen et ideal
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FTPE, answer these questions about organic structure elucidation.,
[10] This method can probe the structure of only molecules with dipole moments. The % transmittance of light is plotted against frequency as expressed in wavenumbers from about 400 to 4000 inverse centimeters.
Answer: infrared spectroscopy or IR spectroscopy
[10] This technique vaporizes and ionizes molecules, and the fragments are then deflected by a magnetic field according to their mass to charge ratio, producing a series of peaks.
Answer: mass spectrometry or mass spectroscopy
[10] In mass spec, this functional group undergoes either alpha cleavage or dehydration, while in IR spectroscopy, it shows a very strong, broad absorption from about 3400 to 3650 inverse centimeters.
Answer: alcohol or hydroxyl
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He shot and killed Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit in addition to some other dude. FTPE:,
[10] Name this assassin who struck Dealy Plaza in November 1963 and was himself killed by Jack Ruby two days later.
Answer: Lee Harvey Oswald
[10] Oswald's shots also wounded this Texas governor, who later served as Treasury Secretary under Nixon.
Answer: John Connally
[10] Oswald also claimed to be responsible for the assassination attempt against this disgraced Army general, who begrudgingly led the integration of Little Rock Central High School and was later removed from command by Kennedy after indoctrinating his troops with John Birch Society pamphlets.
Answer: Edwin Walker
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Answer the following about varying accounts about Helen of Troy, FTPE.,
[10] This playwright suggested that Helen, the title character, was taken to Egypt rather than Troy. In his play Orestes, he suggests that Helen ascended to Olympus upon her return to Sparta.
Answer: Euripides
[10] This author recounted Theseus's abduction of Helen, along with some more historically sound information, in his Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans, also known as Parallel Lives.
Answer: Plutarch
[10] This Sophist, the title character of a Platonic dialogue on rhetoric, wrote "The Encomium of Helen," which argues that Helen should not be blamed since she was either taken by force or seduced.
Answer: Gorgias
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Beginning at about 31 miles above the earth, its temperature rises from around -50 to -3 degrees Celsius from its bottom to its top. FTPE:,
[10] Name this second lowest layer of earth's atmosphere, home to the ozone layer.
Answer: stratosphere
[10] Extending from the stratosphere down to earth is this densest layer of the atmosphere where weather takes place.
Answer: troposphere
[10] Sometimes considered a true layer of the atmosphere and sometimes not, this thin region marks the boundary of the atmosphere and space.
Answer: exosphere
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This alliterative name was adopted by the former Saloth Sar. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Cambodian fiend who overthrow Lon Nol in 1975 and then killed a million people.
Answer: Pol Pot
[10] Pol Pot was the ruler of this political organization, which continues a guerilla campaign against the Cambodian government despite the defection of its leader Ieng Sary in 1996.
Answer: Khmer Rouges
[10] This political survivor and founder of Sangkum Reastr Niyum has variously been the king, president, prime minister, ambassador to the United Nations, and foreign minister of Cambodia, before retiring from politics at age 82 to become a movie director.
Answer: Preah Bat Samdech Preah Norodom Sihanouk
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This capital city was devastated by a November 1st, 1755 earthquake with an estimated magnitude of over 8.5. FTPE:,
[10] Name this city on the Tagus.
Answer: Lisbon
[10] At the time, Portugal was ruled by this regal dynasty, founded by Joao II.
Answer: House of Braganza
[10] For thirty-six years in the twentieth century, Portgual was ruled by this economist's Estado Novo.
Answer: Antonio de Oliveira Salazar

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