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View Packets Tournament Editor
2009 ACF Fall Tossups by Chattahoochee
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This region occupies the Armorican Peninsula, and its Pink Granite Coast is one of only three such areas in the world. The first duke of this region, Nominoe, is seen as the father of it, and it contains many megaliths at Carnac. This region's port of Saint-Malo served as the main harbor of Jacques Cartier, and its island of Ushant is the westernmost point in its nation. The Loire River empties into the ocean in this region, whose cities include Rennes, Brest and Nantes. Lying between the Bay of Biscay and the English Channel, for 10 points, name this northwestern region of France.
Answer: Brittany [or Breizh; or Bretagne]
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This event started out as a peaceful meeting at Blue Island, but Edward Walker was appointed to deal with its participants after this event turned violent. Its participants disregarded Attorney General Richard Olney's attempts at mediation. Over the objections of Peter Altgeld, President Cleveland ordered federal troops to enter on the grounds that this event was disrupting mail service, a costly mistake which would lead to President Cleveland's failure to recapture the Presidency in 18 For 10 points, name this riot launched in response to the Panic of 1893 in which labor workers led by Eugene Debs refused to run trains containing cars made by a certain company.
Answer: Pullman Strike
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The original Thomsen-Berthelot principle, also known as the principle of maximum work, was shown to violate this law because it failed to incorporate irreversibility. The Kelvin-Planck statement is one component of this law, and a flaw in Boltzmann's H-theorem concerning this law and time reversal symmetry is Loschmidt's paradox. A thought experiment in which an imaginary creature guards a trapdoor between a two-part gas container was proposed to try to violate this law. Clausius stated it as heat cannot flow from a hot object to a cold one spontaneously. For 10 points, name this law which says that the entropy of a system increases until it reaches equilibrium.
Answer: second law of thermodynamics
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One character in this work leaves a note saying "I divorce you" after Emerald reveals he has been hiding in the basement. Its narrator describes his grandfather falling in love with his grandmother after examining her medically through a perforated sheet. Mary Pereira works at the Braganze Pickle factory that the narrator starts to manage just before his son Aadam says his first word, Abracadabra. One character founds a street gang, becomes a war hero, and helps the government sterilize the title characters after discovering he was switched at birth with the protagonist. For 10 points, name this novel about Saleem, Shiva, and other Indian children born on August 15, 1947, a work of Salman Rushdie.
Answer: Midnight's Children
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A pair of horns in this piece was supposed to recapitulate a theme in C major, but was replaced by its composer in that section by bassoons. 29 C major chords end this symphony whose first movement contains a brief oboe cadenza and whose third movement scherzo transitions into the finale. This symphony's most notable feature also appears in its composer's Appassionata sonata, and is played in E flat major after several imitations of the notes G-G-G-E flat, which is commonly described as "Fate knocking at the door." For 10 points, name this Beethoven work that precedes the Pastoral Symphony.
Answer: Beethoven's Fifth Symphony in C minor [accept Fifth Symphony after Beethoven is mentioned]
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This work concludes by mentioning a Roman judge who would ask accusers cui bono. Its first section, "Of Man," gives competition, diffidence and glory as the three causes of conflict, while its middle two sections discuss commonwealths and Christian commonwealths, respectively, and its fourth and final section is concerned with a "confederacy of deceivers" called the kingdom of darkness. This work argues that only a strong sovereign can prevent a war of all against all. For 10 points, name this work which characterizes life as "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short," a book by Thomas Hobbes.
Answer: Leviathan
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The tunneling of electrons between objects displaying this property separated by an insulator is described in the Josephson effect. When metals with this property are placed in a magnetic field they repel the field demonstrating perfect diamagnetism, which can be seen in the levitation of a magnet above them. That effect postulated by Ochsenfeld and Meissner is described in a theory of it stating that this arises from the condensation of electron pairs. That BCS theory states this phenomenon is linked with the formation of Cooper pairs, allowing for increased electric flow. For 10 points, name this property characterized by zero resistance in very cold metals.
Answer: superconductivity [or superconductor]
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This city is the setting for a Harry Chapin song in which a fatal truck accident spills the title amount of fruit. This setting for "Thirty Thousand Pounds of Bananas" is also the setting of a play and film about the twenty five year reunion of a basketball team called That Champion Season. Along with Wilkes-Barre, this city has a Triple A baseball team which dropped its association with the Phillies and replaced the Columbus Clippers as the Yankees top farm team. This city's Poor Richard's Pub is a favorite haunt of characters like Kevin Malone and Stanley Hudson. For 10 points, name this Pennsylvania location of Michael Scott's branch of Dunder Mifflin on The Office.
Answer: Scranton
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In one of this author's novels, Pavel tells a story about how he threw a newlywed couple out of a carriage to save himself from wolves. In a second novel by this author, Frank shoots his wife Marie when he finds her cavorting with the protagonist's brother Emil in an orchard. In the former novel by this author, the protagonist first works for the Harlings and then takes a job with Wick Cutter after establishing a relationship with Jim Burden in Black Hawk. The latter work of this author centers on Carl Linstrum's relationship with Alexandra Bergson and is set in Hanover, Nebraska. For 10 points, name this author of O Pioneers! who wrote about the Bohemian Shimerdas in My Antonia.
Answer: Willa Cather
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In one poem by this author, the gossip Miriam Lane reveals the identity of the title character after he returns from being lost at sea to find his wife Annie married to Philip. This author of "Enoch Arden" noted that his sorrow came from the "depth of some divine despair" in "Tears, Idle, Tears." In another work, this poet wrote "Sunset and evening star, /And one clear call for me!" and expressed his hope to see his "Pilot face to face." He also described a group of six hundred who rode "Half a league onward" "into the valley of death." For 10 points, name this poet of "Crossing the Bar" and "The Charge of the Light Brigade," the longest serving Poet Laureate of Great Britain.
Answer: Alfred, Lord Tennyson
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Joachim von Sandrart noted that the two leftmost figures in this painting are derived from a Holbein woodcut depicting two card players. The window at the top of this painting is covered in oilskin, and its figures are lit by an unseen source at the top right. This painting hangs in the Contarelli chapel along with two other paintings by the same artist depicting the title character's inspiration and martyrdom. Only three of the figures sitting at Levi's money table take notice of the barefoot figure at right. For 10 points, name this Caravaggio painting in which Jesus gestures towards a certain tax-collector.
Answer: The Calling of Saint Matthew
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Local governors within this entity were called Basqaqs by contemporary historians, and Algirdas' victory at the Battle of Blue Waters resulted in the loss of its westernmost lands. This polity's defeat at the Battle of Kulikovo under its ruler Mamai weakened it, and helped Tokhtamysh become its ruler. Sarai served as the capital of this polity, and its two largest subordinate entities were founded by Orda and Batu, the eldest sons of Jochi, who was himself the eldest son of Genghis Khan. For 10 points, name this Mongol entity in Russia which also included the Blue and White Hordes.
Answer: Golden Horde [or Kipchak Khanate; or Ulus of Jochi; or Altan Ord; or Zolotaya Orda; prompt on "White Horde"; prompt on "Blue Horde"]
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This economist wrote a work on "the conduct of universities by business men" entitled The Higher Learning in America. He lends his name to a type of luxury good which violates the law of demand. This author of The Theory of Business Enterprise also wrote a work with a section on "The Belief in Luck." That work cites festive celebrations as an example of spending for the purpose of displaying one's wealth. For 10 points, name this economist who coined the term "conspicuous consumption" in The Theory of the Leisure Class.
Answer: Thorstein Veblen
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Two gods in this myth system slay a bisexual earth-monster that is some combination of fish, crocodile, and toad, after one god uses his right foot as bait. A dog-headed god in this mythology is associated with lightning, and 400 siblings in this system turn against their mother after she is impregnated by a ball of feathers, but are summarily destroyed after a fully-armed warrior springs from Coatlicue's womb. This mythology contains the child sacrifice-demanding rain god Tlaloc, and the "hummingbird of the left" war god Huitzilopochtli. For 10 points, name this Mesoamerican myth system whose primary god is the feathered serpent Quetzalcoatl.
Answer: Aztec mythology [accept equivalents]
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Much of this man's discontent stemmed from his excommunication by Manuel Abad y Queipo, and his closest advisors included Jose Jimenez and Juan Aldama. The Alhondiga de Granaditas was the focus for this man's forces' attack on Guanajuato, and although outnumbered more than twelve to one, Felix Maria Calleja was able to defeat his forces at the Battle of Calderon Bridge. This man was aided by general Ignacio Allende, and this man's revolt began with the Grito de Dolores. Jose Morelos led the insurgency after the execution of, for 10 points, which priest who began Mexico's War of Independence in 18
Answer: Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
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These organisms, which produce the acetylcholine-like compound anatoxin-a, cycle through a dormant akinete cell stage. Some members of the family Nostocaceae of these organisms are motile due to filamentous hormogonia, while heterocysts enable nitrogen fixation by members of this phylum. Phycobilins are associated with their pigmentation, and their evolution has resulted in an oxidizing atmosphere. Endosymbiosis of these organisms is thought to be the source of chloroplasts, and these organisms account for the majority of photosynthesis in the ocean. Appearing in green algal blooms, for 10 points, identify this phylum of photosynthetic bacteria, also known as blue-green algae.
Answer: cyanobacteria [or cyanophyta; or blue-green algae early]
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These numbers can be obtained by the generating function "x" over quantity "1-x-x2", and a closed form expression of them is obtained from Binet's formula. The first two of these numbers are different from the first two Lucas numbers, but both sets satisfy the same recursion relation. Named for the author of the Book of the Abacus, these numbers' successive ratios approach 618, the golden ratio. They occur in the sums of diagonals in Pascal's Triangle and various places in nature such as the multiplication of rabbits. The nth of these is equal to the n minus 1st plus the n minus 2nd of them. For 10 points, name this sequence whose initial entries are 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5.
Answer: Fibonacci numbers or sequence
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This author detailed the life of an old bookseller named Iambo Bodoni who wakes from a coma and relives his lost memories in his novel The Mysterious Flame of Queen Loana. One character created by this author saves Niketas Choniates, is adopted by Frederick Barbarossa, and travels to Constantinople in search of Prester John. This author wrote about Belbo, Diotallevi and Casaubon, who set out to invent a conspiracy called "The Plan." This author of Baudolino is better known for a novel in which Adso of Melk helps William of Baskerville solve a murder mystery in a Benedictine abbey. For 10 points, name this author of Foucault's Pendulum and The Name of the Rose.
Answer: Umberto Eco
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This book describes a man who drops dead for withholding a portion of profit from a real estate sale. The story of Ananias is found in this book which describes how a meeting place shook after its participants were infused with the Holy Spirit. This book describes the resurrection of a dressmaker called Dorcas or Tabitha, and its fifteenth chapter describes prohibitions against eating bloody meat, idol worship, and fornication. This book contains the Apostolic Decree in addition to describing the stoning of Stephen and the appearance of "tongues of flame" over the title group. Paul is converted in, for 10 points, what Biblical book following the four gospels?
Answer: Acts of the Apostles
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This state's Aztalan State Park is home to some notable Native American ruins, and in 1897, the Boaz mastodon was found here. This state is home to the ancient Gogebic and Baraboo mountain ranges, the latter of which forms the eastern border of the Driftless Area, and it controls the Apostle Islands. The site of the Bad Axe Massacre in 1832, in which the Sauk and Fox followers of Black Hawk were killed, this state is home to the Door Peninsula, which juts into Lake Michigan, as well as Lake Winnebago. For 10 points, name this Midwestern state whose cities include Green Bay and Milwaukee.
Answer: State of Wisconsin
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Dicumarol, a coumarin derivative, inhibits this process by blocking the VKORC enzyme, thereby preventing proper carboxylation of proteins involved in it. Warfarins prevent this process in a similar feedback system, and it involves a certain factor that binds to exposed collagen in endothelial cells. That von Willebrand factor is deficient in the same-named disease characterized by an abnormality in this process. One of its initiating factors is thrombin, which converts fibrinogen into fibrin to form a thrombus. This process is characterized by fibrin polymerization to form a mesh-like framework together with platelets at the site of a wound. For 10 points, identify this deficiency of hemophiliacs, the process by which blood clots.
Answer: coagulation [or thrombosis; or clotting before mentioned]
 
2009 ACF Fall Bonuses by Chattahoochee
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
In one of this author's stories, Dr. Yu Tsun is a spy who communicates the name of a French town by shooting a man named Albert. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this blind Argentinean author who collected philosophical stories like "The Garden of Forking Paths" and "The Aleph" in Ficciones.
Answer: Jorge Luis Borges
[10] This Borges story describes an endless series of hexagonal rooms populated by 410 page books.
Answer: "The Library of Babel" [or "La biblioteca de Babel"]
[10] This Borges story describes an institution run by "The Company" which starts out by giving away monetary prizes, but turns into a mandatory activity in which participants are rewarded with imprisonment, death, or good fortune in complete secrecy.
Answer: "The Lottery in Babylon" [or "The Babylon Library"; or "La loteria en Babilonia"]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Answer the following about the most abundant metal in the earth's crust for 10 points each.,
[10] First, name that element with chemical symbol Al. It is commonly found in cryolite and bauxite.
Answer: aluminum
[10] In this doubly-eponymous process used to obtain aluminum from its ore, pure aluminum oxide is dissolved in molten cryolite. The mixture then undergoes electrolysis producing aluminum metal at the cathode.
Answer: Hall-Heroult process
[10] Used as a precursor to the Hall-Heroult process, this other process ultimately produces alumina from the reaction of bauxite with sodium hydroxide, which appears as a white, fluffy solid during this process.
Answer: Bayer process
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Name these jazz musicians for 10 points each.,
[10] A 1997 tribute album by Dee Dee Bridgewater entitled "Dear" this jazz singer contained an arrangement of her song "A-Tisket, A-Tasket." She also notably sang "Love and Kisses."
Answer: Ella Jane Fitzgerald
[10] This man used a gong clash to begin his quartet's album that comprises an "Acknowledgement," "Resolution," "Pursuance," and "Psalm," entitled A Love Supreme.
Answer: John William "Trane" Coltrane
[10] This pianist composed "Well, You Needn't" and "Epistrophy," and was known for whirling around like a Sufi dervish during performances of his works, such as "Round Midnight."
Answer: Thelonius Monk
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Name these problems faced by George Washington during his presidency, for 10 points each:,
[10] This rebellion in western Pennsylvania was a response to a government excise tax on a certain beverage.
Answer: Whiskey Rebellion
[10] This fraud started by Georgia governors and the state legislature entailed the selling of large tracts of land to insiders for incredibly low prices and eventually led to the Supreme Court case Fletcher v. Peck.
Answer: Yazoo Land Fraud
[10] This contemporary of the Yazoo Land fraud saw 3 Georgia governors make gifts out of land equal to more than three times as much land as Georgia then contained.
Answer: Pine Barrens Speculation
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The man who is credited with originating this term defined it as "the technical name for this view of things in which one's own group is the center of everything." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this form of cultural bias, the belief that one's own ethnic group is the most important and all other groups are defined with reference to it.
Answer: ethnocentrism
[10] This anthropologist is credited with the introduction of the term ethnocentrism in his 1907 study of customs and morals, Folkways.
Answer: William Graham Sumner
[10] Among the anthropologists who crusaded against ethnocentrism is this American, who wrote The Chrysanthemum and the Sword as well as Patterns of Culture.
Answer: Ruth Benedict [or Ruth Fulton]
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One theory suggests that the cult of this deity corresponds to the cult of the Chaldean god Belinus. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this deity who caused the disfigurement of many of Romulus's men when he made a hot spring erupt. In awe, Romulus had a roofless structure built in Rome where soldiers would honor this god during wartime.
Answer: Janus
[10] Janus has been linked to Ani, the sky god of this Italic people whose principle god is Tinia. This people's kings, such as Tarquinius Superbus, ruled Rome prior to its Republic era.
Answer: Etruscans
[10] One of Janus's sons with Camese was a deity of this river, in which the ninth king of Rome drowned and was made into the river spirit Volturnus.
Answer: Tiber [or Tevere]
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Answer the following about devices that helped shape the modern computer for 10 points each.,
[10] At Bell Labs, Bardeen, Brattain, and Shockley created the first of these devices used to amplify electric signals. The bipolar junction type contains two pn junctions.
Answer: transistors
[10] Bipolar junction transistors are typically made from this type of material, such as gallium arsenide. Metals of this type include silicon and germanium, both of which have properties intermediate to those of conductors and insulators.
Answer: semiconductors
[10] Ferdinand Braun invented this type of vacuum tube that contains an electron gun and a fluorescent screen. It are used in older computer monitors, and Lenard's work on it earned him the 1905 Physics Nobel.
Answer: cathode ray tubes
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This author compared the title figure to a kitchen match that "darts white flickering tongues before it bursts into flame" in "The Spanish Dancer." For 10 points each:],
[10] Name this German poet who asked "who, if I cried out, would hear me among the angelic order?" in the first of his Duino Elegies.
Answer: Rainer Maria Rilke
[10] Rilke wrote "A tree ascended there" in the first of a series of "sonnets to" this figure. Jean Cocteau wrote a play in which this figure draws inspiration from the tapping of a horse before his wife Eurydice dies from licking a poisoned envelope.
Answer: Orpheus
[10] This other German poet published some of his most influential work in the collection Book of Songs and drew on his country's folk lore in "The Lorelei."
Answer: Heinrich Heine
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Bob Dylan's The Times They Are A-Changin' plays over a credits montage of the times a-changin. For 10 points each, name some other blatantly obvious songs from the Watchmen soundtrack:,
[10] The Hendrix cover of this Dylan song in which "outside in the cold distance" "two riders were approaching" is used for the scene in which Rorschach and Nite Owl approach Ozymandias' Antarctic fortress.
Answer: "All Along the Watchtower"
[10] As if playing Ride of the Valkyries for the Vietnam War scene wasn't bad enough, this Simon and Garfunkel song that begins "Hello darkness my old friend" is used for the Comedian's funeral.
Answer: "Sounds of Silence"
[10] In the scene where Ozymandias explains his affinity with Alexander the Great, a Muzak version of this Tears for Fears song can be hear. It includes lyrics like "Welcome to your life, Theres no turning back."
Answer: "Everybody Wants to Rule the World"
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Name these generals of the Roman Republic, for 10 points each.,
[10] This man left his farm to become dictator twice, a post which he resigned after defeating the Aequians.
Answer: Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus
[10] This man defeated the Cimbri as well as Jugurtha before fighting a civil war against Lucius Cornelius Sulla, but is best remembered for his military reforms.
Answer: Gaius Marius
[10] Sometimes called the Second Founder of Rome, this five-time dictator captured Veii, the last stronghold of the Etruscans, and drove the Gallic forces of Brennus out of Rome.
Answer: Marcus Furius Camillus
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Answer the following about Pittsburgh, for 10 points each.,
[10] This river that flows through Pittsburgh converges with the Monongahela to form the Ohio River.
Answer: Allegheny River
[10] This "Mountain" is actually a hill home to the Monongahela Incline, one of the oldest funiculars in the world.
Answer: Mt. Washington
[10] The other incline on Mount Washington shares this name with a bridge as well as a nearby fort built by the French during the Seven Years War.
Answer: Duquesne
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
Violas, cellos, and bassoons open this piece, which was the soundtrack to the 1941 film Moods of the Sea. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this stand-alone concert overture that was produced during the same voyage that inspired its composer's Scottish Symphony.
Answer: Hebrides Overture [or Fingal's Cave; or Die Hebriden; or die Fingalshohle]
[10] The Hebrides Overture was composed by this German who also composed the Reformation Symphony, Italian Symphony, and incidental music to A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Answer: Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy
[10] The books 1 Kings and 2 Kings served as the basis for this Mendelssohn oratorio, whose central character resurrects the widow's son and ascends to heaven in a fiery chariot.
Answer: Elijah [or Elias]
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Hadzi Prodan attempted to lead a revolt between this nation's two major uprisings, and its foundation is closely tied to a document simply known as The Proclamation. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Balkan nation whose independence movement was led by Karadorde Petrovich, or Black George, and Milos Obrenovich.
Answer: Serbia
[10] Serbia attempted to break away from this "Sick Man of Europe" twice in the early Nineteenth century, which partially led to the Tanzimat reforms in this empire.
Answer: Ottoman Empire
[10] The Ottomans recognized Serbian independence in this 1878 treaty, which was revised at the Congress of Berlin.
Answer: Preliminary Treaty of San Stefano
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It promoted simplicity and abstraction through the use of straight lines. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this art movement, also known as Neoplasticism, which was founded in the Netherlands in 1917. Its proponents included the architect J.J.P. Oud and the painter Bart van der Leck.
Answer: De Stijl
[10] De Stijl is exemplified by such works as Composition with Yellow, Blue, and Red and Broadway Boogie Woogie, two works by this artist.
Answer: Piet Mondrian
[10] This founder of De Stijl had a split with Mondrian in 1924, possibly caused by his daring use of diagonal lines.
Answer: Theo van Doesburg
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Name these ancient Greek philosophers who also liked math, for 10 points each.,
[10] This thinker from Samos is best known for his namesake theorem, which relates the length of a right triangle's hypotenuse to the length of its legs.
Answer: Pythagoras
[10] The namesake paradoxes of this man from Elea have puzzled mathematicians for centuries, although many mathematicians and philosopher consider modern calculus to have resolved them.
Answer: Zeno of Elea
[10] This mathematician and philosopher popularized the Conics of Apollonius, and she was murdered by a Christian mob in 415.
Answer: Hypatia of Alexandria
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The Sieve of Eratosthenes is one way of determining which natural numbers also belong to this class of numbers. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify these numbers whose only divisors are one and the number itself, the smallest example of which is two.
Answer: prime numbers
[10] This theorem, named for a French mathematician, states that for an integer x and prime p, x to the p is congruent to x modulo p.
Answer: Fermat's little theorem [do not accept "Fermat's last"]
[10] The weak form of this postulate states that for any integer n greater than one, there exists a prime between n and 2n, such as 3 lying between 2 and 4 or 5 lying between 3 and 6.
Answer: Bertrand's postulate
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He eventually takes a paper route in the African-American section of town and stays with the Leonards, but much of his life is spent in his mother's boardinghouse in Altamont, Catawba. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this character, the protagonist of Look Homeward, Angel and Of Time and the River.
Answer: Eugene Gant [accept either]
[10] This author of Look Homeward, Angel made the fictional town of Libya Hill the hometown of George Webber in You Can't Go Home Again.
Answer: Thomas Clayton Wolfe
[10] Thomas Wolfe based much of his fiction on his childhood in the town of Asheville in this US state, which is also home to Black Mountain College.
Answer: North Carolina
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The Creed of Ulfilas and Letter of Auxentius give us the clearest picture of this set of teachings. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this heresy briefly exonerated by the Council of Jerusalem which was named after a priest opposed by Athanasius.
Answer: Arianism
[10] The debate between Athanasius and Arius occurred at this first ecumenical council held in Bithynia in 325, which dealt with the Meletian Schism and produced a namesake "creed."
Answer: First Council of Nicaea
[10] This emperor convened the first Council of Nicaea and had earlier, along with Licinus, promulgated the Edict of Milan. Orthodox Churches hold him and his mother Helena as saints.
Answer: Constantine I [or Constantine the Great; slap anyone who answers Caesar Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; prompt on Constantine]
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Made up of two heavy chains and two light chains, these entities are termed monoclonal if they are produced from a line of identical cells. For 10 points each:,
[10] Identify this type of protein that is produced to bind antigens in the immune response.
Answer: antibody [or immunoglobulins; accept word forms]
[10] Antibodies are chiefly produced by this class of small lymphocytes, whose memory type is used to counter a second-wave attack by the same antigen.
Answer: B cell [or B lymphocyte]
[10] Abbreviated by three letters, this system of genetic recombination is intrinsic to B cells and is vital to producing specific antibodies to a wide variety of antigens.
Answer: VDJ recombination [or variable-diversity-joining recombination]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: None
This poet began his "Progress of Poesy" with the stirring "Awake, Aeolian lyre, awake." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this poet who coined the phrase "ignorance is bliss" in "Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College" and who bemoaned the passing of Selima in "Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat Drowned in a Tub of Goldfishes."
Answer: Thomas Gray
[10] Thomas Gray is best known for this paragon of "graveyard poetry" which begins with the line "The curfew tolls the knell of parting day."
Answer: "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard"
[10] Some critics have argued that Gray plucked the word "curfew" from obscurity. However, this earlier poet wrote "I hear the far-off curfew sound, Over some wide-water'd shore" in his Il Penseroso.
Answer: John Milton
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Name these French explorers of North America, for 10 points each.,
[10] Known as the Father of New France, this man set sail onboard the Gift of God to claim lands which had been discovered by Jacques Cartier, and in the process founded Quebec City.
Answer: Samuel de Champlain
[10] This man served as the first governor of Louisiana and founded Detroit.
Answer: Antoine de Lamothe-Cadillac
[10] La Belle was the primary ship of this man who explored the Mississippi after Jolliet and Marquette and died in Louisiana.
Answer: Robert de La Salle

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