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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 ACF Fall Tossups by Carnegie Mellon
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The treaty concluding it included the Hatti-Humayun charter, which completed the Tanzimat reforms. It was precipitated when one side demanded recognition of its rights by way of the Treaty of Kuchuk Kainarji, pressed by Prince Menshikov. Defeat at Rutchuk and the breaking of the siege of Silistria coupled with threats of Austrian action alone the Danube led to a Russian withdrawal from that theater. The "massacre of Sinope" encouraged British and French intervention, but better known is the 11-month siege of Sebastopol. Best known for the Battle of Balaklava, memorialized in Lord Tennyson's "Charge of the Light Brigade", this is, FTP, what 1853-56 war, named for a Ukrainian peninsula in the Black Sea.
Answer: Crimean War
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Noether's Theorem yields an important result about how this quantity changes for systems with symmetry under translation. In relativity, its square times the speed of light cubed is one in the equation for the square of the total energy and it must be redefined to use the rest mass and the Lorentz factor, and when Newton first described his second law, the "ma" term was in the form of the time derivative of this quantity. FTP identify this vector quantity which is equal to the mass of an object times its velocity, and is often denoted using the letter p.
Answer: linear momentum [prompt on p]
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In one work, this thinker distinguishes between the juridical state of nature and the ethical state of nature, claiming that abandoning the latter in favor of an "ethical commonwealth" is necessary for overcoming his notion of "radical evil," and another work defines the title concept as "man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity." In addition to Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone and "An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment?" he wrote Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics two years after his most famous work, which discusses the possibility of synthetic a priori knowledge. FTP, identify this philosopher, author of Critique of Pure Reason.
Answer: Immanuel Kant
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Among his sacred works are three early settings of the Regina Coeli, as well as a work that features the soprano solo "Laudate Dominum," his Vesperae solennes de confessore. Two soprano soloists duet in the "Domine" movement of another sacred piece that also features three prominent subito piani in its "Qui tollis" movement and the soprano solos "Laudamus te" and "Et incarnatus est." His most famous sacred work, in which the four soloists sing together in the "Recordare" and "Tuba mirum," also features a famous "Lacrimosa" and was completed by his student Franz Xaver Sussmayr. FTP, identify this composer of the "Great" Mass in C minor, along with Don Giovanni and Eine Kleine Nachtmusik.
Answer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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He wrote that "Poor Labour sweet in sleep was locked" in a poem addressed to "Poor naked wretches" that "bide the pelting of this pitiless storm," titled "A Winter Night." The speaker of one of his poems asks God to destroy "glib tongu'd Aiken" on Judgement Day for laughing at him. In another of his poems, the title character sees "warlocks and witches in a dance" in Alloway Kirk. In addition to "Tam O'Shanter," he also wrote a poem comparing his love to "a red, red rose" and one addressed to a "cowrin, tim'rous beastie" that includes the line "the best-laid schemes o' mice and men / Gang aft agley." FTP, name this Scottish poet of "To a Mouse" and "Auld Lang Syne."
Answer: Robert Burns
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This river divides into two channels in its upper course to form a large island known as Majuli. It rises in the Kailas Range near Mapam Lake and is soon joined by the Lohit River. It passes through Xigaze early and becomes navigable near Dibrugarh, then passes through Gauhati. One of the few rivers to exhibit an eagre or tidal bore, it is known as the Dihang River in the lowland plains and splits into the Meghna and the Jamuna rivers when it turns south. FTP, name this river which starts in Tibet, flows through southern China, and then turns into Bangladesh where it empties into the Bay of Bengal forming a massive delta with the Ganges.
Answer: Brahmaputra River
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It prompted Isaac Newton to say he calculated movements of the stars, not the madness of men. It was brought on in part due to an erroneous belief the residents of present-day Latin America would give up precious resources in exchange for access to wool and fleece garments. Alas, it was not noted that Philip V of Spain was only allowing one ship per year to access the Spanish colonies. However, this did not daunt investors, who drove up prices in the namesake company to insane levels, thus severely damaging the economy when the stock price went in the tank. Starting when its namesake agreed to finance the English war debt after the Peace of Utrecht, this is, FTP, what English stock bubble of 1720?
Answer: South Sea Bubble
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A calorimeter being used for the NA48 experiments at CERN contains 27 tons of this element in liquid form. Often used in photography due the white light it gives off when ionized, between 1960 and 1983 the orange-red spectral line of one of its isotopes was used to define the length of the meter. Along with barium-141, the 92 isotope of this element is one of the products of uranium-235 fission, and although it is generally inert, it forms compounds with fluorine. FTP, name this element with a Greek name meaning "hidden thing," the fourth noble gas.
Answer: Krypton
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One character in this work sends a letter from Leopoldville, asking his unfaithful wife to send him his velocipede. He travels there to recover a mis-shipped airplane, which he wanted to use to start an airmail business, having arrived after marrying his wife in Europe. Before he arrives, Fernanda del Carpio dies of nostalgia, while one of the seventeen half-brothers with the same name works in Melquiades's laboratory. Another character of that name sleeps with Amaranta Ursula, producing a pig-tailed son. That child of Aureliano's brings an end to the Buendia line in Macondo at the end of, FTP, which novel written by Gabriel Garcia Marquez?
Answer: One Hundred Years of Solitude [accept Cien Anos de Soledad]
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In the comic strip Red Meat, one of these is spray painted red and left in a booth at McDonalds. They are contrasted favorably with gamblers and farmers in a Cole Porter song exhorting listeners to be one of these, and the singer cries "I die each time" someone calls him "Cathy's" one in a song by the Everly Brothers. In an episode of Seinfeld Crazy Joe Davola stalks Elaine dressed as one from an opera, and a toy one notably attacks Robbie in the movie Poltergeist. Sondheim's A Little Night Music features a song asking us to send these people in. John Wayne Gacy dressed up as, FTP, what sort of person, notable examples of which include Krusty and Bozo.
Answer: Clowns [do not accept fools or jesters or any such crap]
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Identities applicable to these are due to Gelin and Cesaro. d'Ocagne, and Catalan. They are a special case of the Lucas sequence, terms in which obey the same recurrence relation as these numbers. The ratio of successive ones of these converges to four over quantity one plus root five squared, which is one over the golden ratio squared. They are the sums of successive diagonals of Pascal's triangle and each one is equal to the sum of the two before it. FTP, name this set of numbers originally devised by considering the multiplication of rabbits and which are named for a Pisan mathematician.
Answer: Fibonacci numbers or the Fibonacci sequence
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R-colored ones result from retroflex or bunched contact and cause a lowered frequency in the third formant. They can differ in roundedness, backness, and height, and Spanish ones are often described as tense, while English ones can be tense or lax. Each has a unique sound known as its quality, and one that changes between two qualities during its duration is known as a diphthong. The amount of air that escapes through the nose during their articulation is known as nasalization. FTP, name these open-tract syllabic sounds in language whose English varieties include A, E, I, O, U, and sometimes Y.
Answer: vowels
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He recorded an album whose song "Petits Machins (Little Stuff)" precedes the title track, Filles de Kilimanjaro, a year before another album whose title track, composed by Joe Zawinul, follows the song "Shhh/Peaceful." In addition to 1969's In a Silent Way, he recorded an album that included tracks such as "The Pan Piper" and "Song of Our Country," as well as his interpretation of Joaquin Rodrigo's Concierto de Aranjuez. That album featured the efforts of frequent collaborator Gil Evans and was entitled Sketches of Spain, and his most famous album features the tracks "Freddie Freeloader" and "So What." FTP, identify this jazz trumpeter who released Kind of Blue.
Answer: Miles Davis
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While in the Collona regiment, he coordinated papal-Spanish strategy after the Treaty of Monzon, and he served in Antonio Barberini's mission, which resulted in the Treaty of Cherasco. That work on the Mantuan succession crisis introduced him to his future benefactor, who secured for him the wealthy abbey of Corbie after he left Urban VIII's service. He negotiated an end to the Piedmontese Civil War and the surrender of Bouillon's forces during the Cinq-Mars affair. A failed invasion of Tuscan ports, coupled with the lack of major gains for the French in the Treaty of Osnabruk and tax increases, prompted the Fronde, which were revolts against the influence of, FTP, what second principle minister of France, the successor of Cardinal Richelieu?
Answer: Cardinal Jules Mazarin or Giulio Raimando Mazzarino [or Mazarini]
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This novel's protagonist is disappointed that a promised attack on Spaniards and Arabs turns out to be an assault on a Sunday School picnic. After shooting Boggs, Colonel Sherburn deflates a lynch mob in its twenty-second chapter, which precedes a performance of the Royal Nonesuch. Its middle chapters relate a senseless feud between the Shepherdsons and the Grangerfords and the schemes of the duke and the dauphin. The title character decides to go to hell by tearing up a letter that would reveal the location of an escaped slave, and finally decides to "light out for the territory" after rafting down the Mississippi with Jim. FTP, name this sequel to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain.
Answer: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
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A barely visible plowman on the right of the painting and a group of waders just to the left of center persist through the first of the title phenomena. The most distinct figures in this work are paddling a small boat on the left side of the painting just to the right of a traditional stone-arch bridge. Such rustic images are contrasted with the dark bridge at this painting's center, on which a nearly indistinguishable rabbit frantically dashes away from an oncoming vehicle. FTP, name this work that features an onrushing train of the Great Western Railway, a painting by J.M.W. Turner.
Answer: Rain, Steam, and Speed: The Great Western Railway
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In exile, he became king of the Enchilees on the Rhizon River. One of his children became the goddess Leukothea, after she leapt into the sea while fleeing her crazed husband Athamas. That same daughter nursed one of his grandsons after another daughter was immolated. His third daughter decapitated her own son in a maenadic frenzy. After his reign in Illyria, he and his wife Harmonia were changed into snakes to watch over their own tombs. Obeying the Pythia, he followed a cow to a spot where he founded a city, which he populated with the help of five Spartoi, born of the sown teeth of a serpent he had killed. Father of Ino, Semele, and Agave, this is, FTP, what founder of Thebes, who failed to find his sister Europa?
Answer: Cadmus
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Historical periods of this present-day country include the Gampola, Rolonnawura, and Yapahuva. Major figures in its history, which is chronicled in the Mahavamsa, include Senarath, who conquered the rebel state of Sitawaka, and Rajasinha II, who signed a treaty with the Dutch. The Dutch allied with the kingdom of Kandy here, and large portions of this island have been controlled by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. FTP, name this island country formerly known as Ceylon and found off the southeast coast of India.
Answer: Sri Lanka
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One form of this interaction is governed by the CKM matrix. Because they decay by this interaction, charged pions have long lifetimes. Having charged- and neutral-current interactions, this force allows flavor change and, as discovered by Yang and Lee and Cronin and Fitch, breaks both P and CP symmetry. Research about this force garnered the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics for Glashow, Salam, and Weinberg, who unified it with the electromagnetic force. It is mediated by heavy gauge bosons named W and Z. FTP, name this short-ranged interaction with a very small coupling constant.
Answer: the weak nuclear force or weak interaction [prompt on quark mixing or quark flavor changing before "neutral-current interactions"]
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In one of this man's works, the doctor reports to Marguerite and Marie, wives of the title character, that Mars and Saturn have collided and exploded. In addition to Exit the King, this author wrote about Marie, the Maid, reminding the professor that he has now killed forty students in The Lesson, while an old man and woman usher in invisible guests before the Orator and Emperor arrive in his The Chairs. Better known works by this author include one where the Fire Chief comes to visit the Smiths and Martins, and another where Berenger watches everyone around him turn into the title creature. FTP, name this French dramatist whose works include The Bald Soprano and Rhinoceros.
Answer: Eugene Ionesco
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A mathematically based tabular version of this thing is known as the hisabi version. This entity saw an end of the practice of intercalation, which is implementer denounced in his Farewell Pilgrimage. Its first year of use is often dubbed the "Year of the Elephant," and certain subdivisions of this entity are prefixed by the word yaum. It depends upon a practice known as hilal that involves lunar observation, which delineates when subdivisions of it begin. It measures years after the Hijra, and its months include Shawwal and Muharram. FTP, name this calendar, according to which it is year 1428 AH, and whose months include Ramadan.
Answer: the Islamic Calendar [accept Muslim Calendar or Hijri Calendar, early]
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This author argued that Satan was responsible for the crusades in The Political History of the Devil. One of this author's characters wears a Turkish dress to seduce a jeweler on the advice of her servant Amy. Along with that novel about a "fortunate mistress," Roxana, he wrote a "Hymn to the Pillory" after being jailed for writing the satirical pamphlet "The Shortest Way with the Dissenters." H.F. narrates his novel about London during the year 1665, A Journal of the Plague Year, while his other title characters include a picaresque heroine born in Newgate and a shipwrecked sailor based on Alexander Selkirk. FTP, name this author of Moll Flanders and Robinson Crusoe.
Answer: Daniel Defoe [or Daniel Foe]
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In a way, this piece of legislation overturned the 1896 Supreme Court case Adair v. United States. Additionally, it was upheld in New Negro Alliance vs. Sanitary Grocery Company. Also known as the Anti-Injunction Act, it was a key point in the government's sanctioning various methods of striking, as well as barring the government from preventing publicizing labor disputes. Most notably, it banned "yellow dog" contracts, which allowed employers to forbid employees from joining unions. FTP, name this 1932 piece of legislation named for Nebraska Senator George and New York City mayor Fiorello.
Answer: Norris-LaGuardia Act
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The Nash version of this affliction, has risen exponentially in incidence along with obesity and type 2 diabetes. The autoimmune type primarily affects women, and Herpes simplex induced disease is associated with huge elevations of serum transaminases. However, it is most commonly induced by a group of unrelated viruses organized alphabetically. For ten points, name this inflammation of the liver that can result in cirrhosis, especially in the C type.
Answer: Hepatitis
 
2007 ACF Fall Bonuses by Carnegie Mellon
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After attempting to write a book about the atomic bomb called The Day the World Ended, the narrator of this novel flies to San Lorenzo and converts to Bokononism. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1963 novel that ends with all the water in the world being turned into ice-nine.
Answer: Cat's Cradle
[10] This author of Mother Night and Breakfast of Champions wrote Cat's Cradle. His experiences during the firebombing of Dresden during World War II inspired his novel Slaughterhouse-Five.
Answer: Kurt Vonnegut, Jr
[10] In this 1952 novel, the first by Vonnegut, Paul Proteus joins the Ghost Shirt Society's rebellion against the technological control of society, which is symbolized by the title object.
Answer: Player Piano
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This architect's buildings like the Walt Disney Concert Hall often feature a curving metal ski. FTPE:,
[10] Name this modern architect of the Experience Music Project and the Prague Dancing House.
Answer: Frank Owen Gehry
[10] Gehry is perhaps most notable for his design of the Guggenheim Museum in this city in the Basque Country of Spain.
Answer: Bilbao
[10] Gehry also designed the Pritzker Pavilion for this Chicago common area that also features the Crown Fountain and the statue Cloud Gate, commonly referred to as "The Bean."
Answer: Millennium Park
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In June of 1780, a week of rioting resulted in over 450 deaths, hundreds of arrests, and 21 executions. FTPE:,
[10] Name these events, sparked by fears of a return to absolutism in Britain led by a namesake leader of the Protestant Association which were quote-unquote "famously" depicted in Barnaby Rudge.
Answer: Gordon Riots
[10] Gordon's fears about absolutism were inspired by this legislation of two years prior which ended some very severe discrimination against the titular group.
Answer: Catholic Relief Act of 1778
[10] Of course, like all riots, the Gordon Riots were eventually put down when this monarch called in the army to quell the angry mob. He later went insane.
Answer: George III
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Name the following hormones based on a description, FTPE.,
[10] This 191 amino acid single chain polypeptide stimulates the division of chondrocytes in cartilage as well as increases calcium retention, but is more commonly known to increase muscle mass, especially when exogenously administered to professional athletes.
Answer: Growth Hormone [accept Human Growth Hormone or somatotropin or STH]
[10] This pancreatic hormone, first studied by Kimball and Murlin, stimulates the liver to break down glycogen into glucose.
Answer: Glucagon
[10] Greek for "quick birth," this true pituitary hormone is released during labor in women to cause uterine contractions and during lactation to induce the "Letdown reflex."
Answer: Oxytocin
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His son Borr married Bestla, the daughter of the frost-giant Bolthorn. F10PE:,
[10] Name this early man or god from Norse myth, who was created out of the ice when Audhumbla licked his form out of salty rime-stones.
Answer: Buri or Bori or Bure
[10] Through Borr, Buri was the grandfather of this Norse god, the brother of Vili and Ve. He owns the ravens Hugin and Munin and gave up one of his eyes for perfect wisdom.
Answer: Odin or Woten or Othinn
[10] Bergelmer was the lone frost-giant to survive the great flow of blood created when Odin and his brothers slew this giant to create the world. He was created from water formed in Ginungagap and had survived on the milk from Audhumbla.
Answer: Ymer or Aurgelmer
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It was written in competition with a similarly-themed poem by Horace Smith. FTPE:,
[10] Name this sonnet about a "king of kings" whose "shatter'd visage" lies in a desert near "Two vast and trunkless legs of stone."
Answer: "Ozymandias"
[10] "Ozymandias" was written by this British poet of "Ode to the West Wind." He responded to the Peterloo Massacre by writing "The Mask of Anarchy."
Answer: Percy Bysshe Shelley
[10] After plotting to kill her tyrannical father, Beatrice is sentenced to death in this tragedy by Percy Shelley. In 1935, Antoine Artaud staged it as an example of the Theatre of Cruelty.
Answer: The Cenci
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It garnered its developer the 1925 Nobel Peace Prize. FTPE:,
[10] This effort by the Vice President of the United States to help Germany pay off its massive reparations from World War I.
Answer: Dawes Plan [do not accept "Dawes Act" as that's something completely different]
[10] The Dawes Plan was eventually replaced in 1929 with one named for this chairman of General Electric and founder of RCA.
Answer: Owen D. Young
[10] Like its predecessor, the Young Plan also failed, although it was mainly due to the Wall Street crash and this massively high import duty passed in 1930 which essentially cut American trade in half.
Answer: Smoot-Hawley Tariff [accept reversal of names]
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[10 This site of the Golden Temple and the Pool of Immortality is the holiest Sikh city; it was the site of an infamous 1919 massacre in which 400 people were killed.,
[10] The tenth Sikh guru, Gobind Rai, founded the militaristic Khalsa order, members of which were known by what now-common last name, which means "lion"?
Answer:
[10] Along with carrying a small comb, a circular heavy metal bracelet, a ceremonial short sword, and wearing a special undergarment, baptized Sikhs must observe kesh, the avoidal of this cosmetic practice.
Answer: Amritsar Singh
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Name these scientific terms with something in common, FTPE:,
[10] Liquid of helium 3 and 4 exhibit this phenomenon, in which viscosity and entropy vanish and thermal conductivity blows up.
Answer: superfluidity
[10] At high temperatures, some crystalline materials may deform much more than their breaking points should allow, which is this phenomenon.
Answer: superplasticity [do not accept "superelasticity"]
[10] This complete expulsion of external magnetic field lines occurs in some properly-tuned plasmas.
Answer: superdiamagnetism [or perfect diamagnetism; prompt on diamagnetism or the Meissner effect]
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Name these economic curves FTPE:,
[10] This downward-sloping aggregate curve plots the amount of a good that buyers are willing to purchase at various prices, all other things equal.
Answer: aggregate demand curve
[10] This eponymous curve plots the short-run tradeoff between unemployment rate and inflation in an economy; Edmund Phelps won the 2006 Nobel in Economics for showing that in the long-run this curve is vertical.
Answer: Phillips curve [prompt on "non-accelerating inflation rate of employment" or "NAIRU"]
[10] This curve plots the maximum amounts producible of two goods in an economy; all points on the curve are efficient, all points inside it are inefficient, and all points outside it are impossible to attain in the economy's current state.
Answer: production possibilities Curve/Frontier or transformation curve
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At the battle of Lepanto, he was shot three times - twice in the chest, once in the left arm, which he permanently lost the use of. FTPE:,
[10] Name this man more famous for his literary output, including such works as The Travels of Persiles and Sigismunda: A Northern History, Exemplary Novels, and La Galatea.
Answer: Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
[10] Cervantes is best known for this work whose title character is a would-be hero from La Mancha. He rides on Rocinante, and he takes on windmills and knights in search of Dulcinea.
Answer: Don Quixote
[10] Cervantes also wrote this "pastoral romance" in which Elicio and Erastro, both in love with the title character, make a journey to the wedding of Silveria and Daranio.
Answer: La Galatea or Galatea: A Pastoral Romance
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These are abstract mathematical objects consisting of a set of elements and a binary operation such that the operation is satisfying closure, associativity, identity, and inversion. FTPE:,
[10] Name these mathematical objects which are known as Abelian if their operation is commutative.
Answer: groups
[10] An analysis of the integers modulo p as a group under addition yields this theorem, which states that "a to the p equals a modulo p." It is named for a French mathematician who also has a last theorem.
Answer: Fermat's little theorem [prompt on partial answer]
[10] This theorem states that the size of any subgroup of G must divide the size of G.
Answer: Lagrange's group theorem
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Answer the following about the European colonization of Africa, FTPE:,
[10] This British colonialist founded the DeBeers diamond company as well as a certain scholarship program.
Answer: Cecil John Rhodes
[10] Claims to the region around the Congo River were settled among the European powers in this 1884-1885 conference. Another conference held at, and named for, this city revised the Treaty of San Stefano in order to check the power of Russia.
Answer: Berlin West Africa Conference
[10] Jehudi Ashmun led the 1824 settlement of this nation, founded by the American Colonization Society as a destination for freed slaves.
Answer: Liberia
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Among his chamber works is an octet in F major featuring two violins, viola, cello, bass, clarinet, horn, and bassoon. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this composer whose other chamber pieces include a string quartet whose second movement is a set of variations on his song "Death and the Maiden."
Answer: Franz Schubert
[10] This piano quintet by Schubert, whose fourth movement is a set of variations on his song "Die Forelle," features a double bass instead of the standard second violin.
Answer: The "Trout" Quintet [or Piano Quintet in A major, D. 667]
[10] Schubert studied primarily under this Austrian Kappellmeister and composer of the operas Armida and Palmira, who was paired antagonistically with Mozart in a Rimsky-Korsakov opera.
Answer: Antonio Salieri
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Having your towel with you might help on this bonus. FTPE:,
[10] May 25 was established as Towel Day as a tribute to this author after his death, due to the importance of towels in his Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy trilogy.
Answer: Douglas Noel Adams
[10] Adams is also known for creating this fictional sleuth, who runs a "holistic detective agency."
Answer: Dirk Gently [accept either]
[10] Among Adams's other work is the story for this computer game titled after a vessel that has become subjected to "spontaneous massive existence failure." Monty Python's Terry Jones wrote a novel based on it.
Answer: Starship Titanic
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He had formed a mercenary band to conquer Thracian tribes following the defeat at Antiochus at Notium and his subsequent exile. F10PE:,
[10] Name this Athenian, who had earlier worked through Pisander to install an oligarchic government in Athens during the Peloponnesian War, in order to ensure his return from an earlier exile prompted by his stint as a Spartan advisor.
Answer: Alcibiades
[10] Alcibiades joined the Spartan cause after he was removed from the command of the massive Athenian mission to take this island. The Athenians never took the largest city, Syracuse, and were routed from the island by the Spartan Gylippus.
Answer: Sicily
[10] Alcibiades served as advisor to this satrap of Lydia and Caria, who, at Alcibiades's advice, tried to play the Greeks off one another, weakening both. When Darius II decided to side with Sparta, he was removed in favor of Cyrus the Younger.
Answer: Tissaphernes
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At the age of three, the title character is accidentally circumcised by a falling windowpane. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this nine volume comic novel first published in 1759 about the "life and opinions" of the title character, whose birth doesn't take place until the third volume.
Answer: The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
[10] The incompetence of Dr. Slop flattens this body part of Tristram at his birth. Major Kovalyov discovers that one of these has left his face in a short story by Nikolai Gogol, and Cyrano de Bergerac possesses an enormous one.
Answer: nose
[10] This Irish-born author and clergyman represented himself as Parson Yorick in his novels Tristram Shandy and A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy.
Answer: Laurence Sterne
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This work introduced the Original Position, which applies principles of game theory to the social contract. FTPE:,
[10] Name this 1971 philosophical text that includes two principles of the title concept which argue that rights and goods must be offered in a way that best benefits the least advantaged.
Answer: A Theory of Justice
[10] This longtime Harvard professor wrote A Theory of Justice as well The Law of Peoples and Political Liberalism.
Answer: John Rawls
[10] Central to the Original Position is the idea that before evaluating decisions, representative parties must place themselves behind one of these hypothetical constructs, preventing them from using specific knowledge to undermine the system of equality.
Answer: veil of ignorance
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One theory holds that this property is due to a motion known as zitterbewegung. A relativistic property, it was formulated to explain paired electrons in seemingly identical states. FTPE:,
[10] Name this property of quantum particles.
Answer: spin
[10] One form of the spin operators is in terms of the two-by-two matrices named for this German physicist, among the original formulators of the concept of spin.
Answer: Wolfgang Pauli
[10] Because the Pauli matrices are a representation of S U 2, the spinor eigenfunctions of the Pauli matrices have this period with respect to azimuthal rotations.
Answer: 4 pi radians or 720 degrees [accept other equivalents]
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Give the following about an artistic movement FTPE:,
[10] This 20th-century Dutch movement known for straight lines and solid color fields was also known as neoplasticism and took its name from the journal of critic Theo van Doesburg.
Answer: De Stijl [prompt on neoplasticism]
[10] This Dutch artist of several compositions of red, yellow, blue, white, and black fields separated by thick black lines was perhaps the best-known proponent of De Stijl.
Answer: Pieter Cornelius Mondrian
[10] This 1943 Mondrian masterpiece on display at the MoMA evokes blues music and the streets of an American city.
Answer: Broadway Boogie Woogie
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Fahmy finds out that his father eloped with Jalila during his sister Aisha's wedding, where his brother Yasin attempts to rape the servant Umm Hanafi. FTPE:,
[10] Identify this novel which details the life of the merchant al-Sayyid Ahmad and his family.
Answer: Palace Walk
[10] Palace Walk was written by this Nobel laureate, whose other works include Children of Gebelawi, Chitchat on the Nile, and Midaq Alley.
Answer: Naguib Mahfouz
[10] Palace Walk, along with Palace of Desire and Sugar Street, form this group of novels named for the Egyptian city in which they take place.
Answer: Cairo Trilogy
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Name these cities in Morocco, FTPE.,
[10] This port just southwest of Rabat is the largest city in Morocco and indeed the entire Maghreb and contains the Great Mosque of Hassan II.
Answer: Casablanca
[10] This interior city of western Morocco on the Haouz Plain sits at the foot of the Atlas Mountains and is connected to the port city of Safi; it's known as the "Red City."
Answer: Marrakesh [or Marrakech]
[10] Just west of the enclave of Ceuta is this fashionable port on the Strait of Gibraltar to the north of Tetouan and the fishing village of Asilah.
Answer: Tangiers
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Answer the following about the XYZ Affair, FTPE:,
[10] The affair was set in motion by the agents of this French Foreign Minister asking for a bribe from an American delegation.
Answer: Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Perigord
[10] While two of the American delegation involved, John Marshall and Charles Coteswoth Pinckney, left in disgust, this future Governor of Massachusetts and Vice President stayed behind in France.
Answer: Elbridge Thomas Gerry
[10] The whole expedition to France had been partially inspired by this 1795 treaty with Britain which was viewed as highly conciliatory and led to a general hatred of its namesake.
Answer: Jay's Treaty

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