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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 ACF Fall Tossups by Brandeis and Vanderbilt A
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Activism on their behalf began in earnest with 1938's "Day of Mourning" and 1992's Mabo decision, as well as 1996's Wik decision, which made major headway in recognizing their claim rights after they were stripped by the Protection Acts. Neville Bonner was the first of them to sit in parliament after his 1971 election, only nine years after they had been enfranchised. The subject of John Hawke's controversial "compact of understanding," they practiced "firestick farming" and had been exterminated in one province after the Black War. FTP, identify this group whose dispersal to state wardship in the early twentieth century is referred to as the "stolen generation;" the natives of Australia.
Answer: the Aborigines
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After being cut by his hometown team, this player signed with Weeb Ewbank. Ends and flankers that benefited from his talents include Lenny Moore and Raymond Berry. Briefly on the Steelers, this player was sold to the San Diego Chargers for 150,000 dollars before his final season. An injury to him caused Earl Morrall to start the first three quarters of one notable game in which he appeared. He threw touchdown passes in a record 47 consecutive games and engineered the winning drive against the New York Giants in the 1958 championship game, often called "the greatest game ever played," but also lost Super Bowl III, an upset victory for Joe Namath's Jets. FTP, name this Hall of Fame quarterback, a longtime starter for the Baltimore Colts.
Answer: Johnny Unitas
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In the third section of In Search of Lost Time, Marcel becomes enthralled with the Duchesse de Guermantes while going to see a work by this author. In one of this author's plays, the title king dies after allowing his son Xiphares to marry Monime. In another, Joad brings about the death of the title daughter of Ahab and Jezebel after she attempts to kill Joas. In addition to Mithridate and Athalie, this playwright's title characters include a woman who tries to save her son Astyanax by marrying Pyrrhus and a queen who poisons herself after a sea monster kills her stepson Hippolytus. FTP, identify this 17th-century French tragedian of Andromaque and Phedre.
Answer: Jean Racine
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Many excerpts from this man's diaries were published as A Diary in the Strict Sense of the Term in 1967. He claimed that societal institutions fulfill basic human needs in A Scientific Theory of Culture. Two of his works deal with Sex and Repression and Crime and Custom in "savage society." He wrote the foreward to his London School of Economics pupil Jomo Kenyatta's Facing Mount Kenya. Several of his works, such as Magic, Science, and Religion and Coral Gardens and Their Magic, stem from fieldwork in the Trobriand Islands. FTP, name this author of Argonauts of the Western Pacific, a Polish anthropologist.
Answer: Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski
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They controlled the collection of customs duties at Jiddah, and one of them, Qutb-ud-din Aybak, named himself sultan of India in 1206. Weakening politically when they began to base their civil service hierarchy on racial policies that rewarded Circassian descent, this group's dynasty was founded thanks to the machinations of Saif ad-Din Qutuz and the invasion of the Seventh Crusade, and is divided into Bahri and Burji periods. They rebelled against their Ayyubid masters and reigned from 1250 to 1517. Famously headed by Baybars, FTP, name this military caste that ruled Egypt for three centuries, and whose name reflects their origin as slave soldiers.
Answer: Mamluks
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The defining functional group of these compounds can be protected by reacting it with chlorotrimethylsilane to yield a trimethylsilyl ether. They react with tosyl chlorides to form tosylates and the most highly substituted type reacts with hydrobromic acid to form alkyl halides. They can be formed from alkenes by hydroboration and oxidation, or by oxymercuration and reduction. These compounds are also synthesized by using sodium borohydride to reduce ketones or aldehydes. FTP, name this class of organic compounds defined by the presence of a hydroxyl group bonded to a saturated carbon, a common example of which is ethanol.
Answer: alcohols
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The unrelated Fast of Gedaliah takes place the day after this observance, which cannot fall on the first, fourth, or sixth day of the week. It features repetitions of the Amida prayer, as well as religious poems called piyyuttim, and some observers recite prayers near flowing water in a practice known as tashlikh. A trumpet made from a ram's horn, or shofar, is blown on this day, which begins the ten Days of Awe. Celebrated on the 1st and 2nd of Tishri, FTP, name this holiday featuring the phrase "Shana Tova" that marks the Jewish New Year.
Answer: Rosh Hashanah
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He discovers his affinity with Sir Gerald Doak after teaming up with William Washington Eathorne on a shady business deal. After failing to seduce Ida Putiak, this character becomes disillusioned upon learning that Joe Paradise dreams of opening a shoe store. His friends include Chum Frink, a poet renowned for writing advertisements, and Seneca Doane, who convinces this character to become more liberal. He has an affair with Tanis Judique to fill the void left in his life by the incarceration of Paul Riesling and, at the end of the novel named for him, he realizes that he wasted his life by conforming to social conventions. FTP, name this realtor from Zenith, the title character of a 1922 novel by Sinclair Lewis.
Answer: George Folansbee Babbitt
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This molecule exerts its effects by binding to its eponymous transmembrane protein receptor, which inactivates CTR1 to initiate a signal cascade, resulting in EIN3 turning on relevant gene expression. Silver salts inhibit its actions by binding its receptor, and it is responsible for the formation of the apical hook of many eudicot seedlings. Sometimes called the "senescence hormone," it promotes stem swelling but inhibits stem elongation, but is best known for its promotion of leaf abscission and fruit ripening. FTP, name this plant hormone, a simple gaseous molecule with formula C2H4.
Answer: ethylene or ethene [accept C2H2 before it's mentioned]
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The Prohibition Party's candidate in this election was the first man to fly his own airplane on a presidential campaign, Claude Watson, while thirty-nine electoral votes went to a ticket that included Fielding Wright. Another candidate in this election was the author of Sixty Million Jobs who resigned as editor of The New Republic in order to run, but no electoral votes went to Henry Wallace's Progressive Party. Four states did vote for the States Rights Democratic Party of Strom Thurmond. FTP, name this election which produced a photo of the sitting Vice-President holding up a Chicago Daily Tribune with an erroneous headline, ending with Thomas Dewey losing to Harry Truman.
Answer: Presidential election of 1948
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This composer's Dumky Trio and String Sextet are among his best chamber works, while larger-scale works include Symphonic Variations and a Serenade for Strings. His choral works were very popular in England, especially his Te Deum and Stabat Mater, though his operatic success is limited today to Rusalka. A close friend of Brahms, he blended native folk tunes into works like Moravian Duets and Slavonic Dances, though his most famous works were written in New York and Iowa. Also notable for his B minor Cello Concerto, FTP, name this Czech composer of the "American" quartet who was influenced by spirituals in writing his 9th symphony, "From the New World".
Answer: Antonin Dvorak
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Later interpreted using the "rule of reason," it was applied to labor unions in in re Debs after its scope was limited in 1893's E.C. Knight decision, which found that sugar refining was not subject to this law. It was expanded by a law regulating interlocking directorates and price discrimination called the "Magna Carta of labor" by Samuel Gompers, and was used against Northern Securities by Theodore Roosevelt. It wasn't until 1911, however, when it finally attained its ostensible goal by securing the breakup of Standard Oil. FTP, name this law against monopolies and cartels named for an Ohio Senator and former Secretary of the Treasury.
Answer: Sherman Antitrust Act [prompt on Sherman Act so you know it's not the Silver Purchase Act]
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This work divides nature into the categories of natura naturans and natura naturata, phrases from its author's earlier Short Treatise on God, Man and His Well-Being. The preface to its final section discusses Descartes' thoughts on the pineal gland and its fourth section is entitled "Of Human Bondage, or the Power of the Affects." Each section begins with a set of definitions and axioms from which the propositions of that section arise. Using the phrase "God or Nature" to represent its author's pantheistic views, FTP, identify this philosophical work of five parts "presented in geometrical order," dictating right action and written by Baruch Spinoza.
Answer: Ethics [or Ethica ordine geometrico demonstrata]
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One type of this phenomenon leads to the formation of Benard cells and is named for Benard and Rayleigh. An approximation useful for modeling this process holds density constant except in gravitational terms and is named for Boussinesq. This behavior occurs when the Rayleigh number is high. The natural type is governed by the Grashof number, which relates the buoyant and viscous forces, and occurs when flow is caused by temperature-driven density differences, as in the air around a fire. FTP, name this thermal energy transfer process that creates its namesake currents and occurs with the movement of a heated fluid.
Answer: convection [or convective flow; accept other word forms]
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One character in this novel tells a story about why the tortoise's shell is not smooth to her daughter, after which Chielo reveals that the latter must be taken to Agbala, the Oracle. During the Week of Peace, the protagonist breaks the Peace of Ani by beating his youngest wife, and later on, despite the advice of an elder, the protagonist takes part in the murder of Ikemefuna. The protagonist finds that the church in Umuofia has gained strength after he returns from a seven-year exile for the accidental murder of Ezeudu's son, and later leads an unsuccessful revolt against the colonial leaders. As a result, Okonkwo commits suicide at the end of, FTP, what novel by Chinua Achebe?
Answer: Things Fall Apart
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To the left and right of this work are two balconies in which statues of cardinals and doges of a powerful Roman family observe the scene it depicts. Guidi's Vision of St. Joseph is located in the same building as this work, the Santa Maria della Vittoria, and that statue features similar gilded rays to the ones above this piece. A smiling partially shirtless angel in this statue clutches a spear in its right hand and kneels above the robed title figure, whose face is contorted in euphoria. FTP, name this sculpture in the Cornaro chapel depicting the Avila-born first Carmelite, a work by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Answer: The Ecstasy of St. Theresa or the Transverbiation of St. Theresa [accept in any order]
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Gravity waves cause the "pulsating" variety of this type of stars, the first known examples of which were 40 Eridani B and the companion of Sirius. These are the primaries in cataclysmic variables, where they will often emit soft radiation. Usually consisting of carbon and oxygen, they are supported only by electron degeneracy pressure, since no fusion takes place; that leads to their upper mass limit of 1.44 solar masses named for Chandrasekhar. These faint stars found in the lower left of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram are the final state for most Main-Sequence objects. FTP, small stars that often emit incoherent light.
Answer: white dwarves [prompt on just dwarves, I suppose]
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According to one hymn, this being's counterpart Saltu was created from the dirt in her ruler's fingernails. In an earlier myth, the gala, a type of lamenting priest, was created in order to soothe this deity to save the world. In one popular myth, when she found her lover not mourning her death, but celebrating with prostitutes, she forced him, Tammuz, to take her place in the underworld for half of the year. The daughter of Anu, she becomes angered by Gilgamesh's refusal of her advances and sends the Bull of Heaven to Earth, where Enkidu slays it. Known as Inanna in Sumer, FTP, identify this Mesopotamian goddess of love and war.
Answer: Ishtar [also accept Inanna before it is said; prompt on Astarte]
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Military events during this war included the Duke de Villeroi's destruction at Ramillies, a failed attempt by the dukes of Boufflers and Villars to break the siege of Mons, and a battle which began with a weakening strike by John Cutts and ended with with the retreat of Maximillian II Emanuel. Perhaps the most important consequence of this war was a provision in the peace treaty giving the "asciento," or control over the Atlantic slave trade, to Britain. It failed to prevent Philip V of Bourbon from succeeding the Habsburg Carlos II despite bloody clashes at Oudenarde, Malplaquet, and Blenheim. FTP, name this early-1700's war in which Eugene of Savoy and the Duke of Marlborough distinguished themselves, ended by the Peace of Utrecht.
Answer: War of the Spanish Succession
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At the end of the work in which this character appears, her sister Liza-Lu sees her dead as the result of a crime at The Herons in Sandbourne. She has a child whom she names Sorrow after being either seduced or raped by her supposed cousin. This former milkmaid at Talbothays Dairy is a "pure woman" according to the novel's subtitle, but her husband will not forgive her for her one indiscretion and flees to Brazil to start a new life, only to later returns to her. FTP, name this woman, the object of the affections of both Alec Stoke and Angel Clare, the descendant of a formerly noble family and the title character of a Thomas Hardy novel.
Answer: Tess of the D'Urbervilles [or Tess Durbeyfield]
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They often form stacks of G-quadruplexes with potassium or sodium ions between each quadruplex. They are not necessary or present in most prokaryotes, especially those with circular DNA, and are only maintained in the germ cells of multicellular eukaryotes. When they become uncapped, they can lead to apoptosis or senescence of somatic cells, which may be the root of normal aging. Considered the solution to Watson's "end-replication problem," FTP, identify these repeated nucleotide sequences that protect and define the ends of chromosomes.
Answer: telomeres
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Mike Gold disparaged this author as "the prophet of the genteel Christ" in response to his novel about the Greek courtesan Chrysis. The title character of his last novel becomes a tutor in Newport, Rhode Island after his car breaks down. He began writing plays with The Trumpet Shall Sound and wrote about the Antrobus family, who survive a devastating seven-year war and an ice age, in his play The Skin of Our Teeth. He wrote a novel about Brother Juniper, who investigates the deaths of the Marquesa de Montemayor and Uncle Pio after the collapse of the title structure, as well as a play about George Gibb and Emily Webb set in Grover's Corners. FTP, name this American author of The Bridge of San Luis Rey and Our Town.
Answer: Thornton Wilder
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While in Paris, this man painted pedestrians crossing Les Ponts des Arts and evoked an earlier painting with his depiction of a tower of the Louvre's Pavillon de Flore. A painting by this man depicts a white-faced woman in green sitting across a table from her doppelganger at the titular restaurant, Chop Suey. Another of his paintings depicts the long shadows of a curbside fire hydrant and barber's pole in front of closed red and green storefronts, Early Sunday Morning. Another of his paintings features a sign for five-cent cigars above two hat-wearing men and a woman in a red dress patronizing the counter of a diner. FTP, name this American painter of Nighthawks.
Answer: Edward Hopper
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Its southernmost and second-largest city is Sanya, a popular resort near Yalong Bay. Populated by tribes like the Maiu and Lois, it contains the artificial Songtao Reservoir and it sits just north of the Paracel Islands, which it claims to own in its role as a province. It also claims to encompass the Spratly Islands further south, and its largest city is the northern seaport Haikou, across the strait from the Guangdong province. Situated between the Gulf of Tonkin to the west and the South China Sea to the east, FTP, name this large Chinese island.
Answer: Hainan
2007 ACF Fall Bonuses by Brandeis and Vanderbilt A
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Its name refers to a location in Pilgrim's Progress where Judge Hate-Good orders the execution of Faithful. FTPE:,
[10] Name this "novel without a hero" centering on Amelia Sedley and Becky Sharp.
Answer: Vanity Fair
[10] This author of The Newcomes and Pendennis wrote Vanity Fair.
Answer: William Makepeace Thackeray
[10] Published under the pen name George Savage FitzBoodle, this novel by Thackeray tells of an Irish adventurer who fights in the British and Prussian armies during the Seven Years War, and becomes a confidence man under the tutelage of his uncle, the Chevalier de Balibari.
Answer: The Luck of Barry Lyndon [or The Memoirs of Barry Lyndon, Esq]
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In the electromagnetic spectrum, they fall between gamma rays and ultraviolet light. FTPE:,
[10] Name this type of radiation discovered by Wilhelm Roentgen, which he first used to take an image of his wife's hand.
Answer: x-rays
[10] This type of radiation is generally a continuous spectrum of x-rays caused by an electron decelerating as it deflects toward a positively charged nucleus. Its name is appropriately from the German for "braking radiation."
Answer: bremsstrahlung
[10] X-ray beams are often produced by this type of accelerator, which produces ultrarelativistic particles using cyclic, crossed electric and magnetic fields. X-rays also appear in the spectrum of their namesake radiation.
Answer: synchrotrons
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Though a woman never ruled Rome proper, many ruled the states and groups with which Rome had to deal. FTPE:,
[10] This lover of both Julius Caesar and Marc Antony was the de facto ruler of Egypt, though she was married to her brother Ptolemy XIV. She committed suicide after Octavian defeated her and Antony at Actium.
Answer: Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator
[10] The wife and successor of Odaenathus, this woman ruled Palmyra as regent for her son Vaballathus from 267 until she was defeated in 272 by Aurelian.
Answer: Zenobia [also accept Bat-Zabbai]
[10] This widow of Prasutagus led the Iceni and Trinovantes in revolt against the Romans in Britain, reportedly slaying over 70,000 Roman colonists, before being defeated by Gaius Suetonius Paulinus and taking poison.
Answer: Boudicca [also accept Boudicea]
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In Drosophila, they are known as P elements, while human types include short and long interspersed elements. FTPE:,
[10] Name these segments of DNA known as "jumping genes" for their ability to move around in the genome, originally discovered by Barbara McClintock in maize.
Answer: transposons or transposable elements
[10] In prokaryotes, transposons often jump back and forth between the chromosomal DNA and these small, circular DNA sequences, especially the R type that imparts antibiotic resistance.
Answer: plasmids
[10] In humans, "jumping genes" can cause this X-linked recessive disease, in which mutations cause the absence of a namesake protein found in muscle cell membranes, leading to extreme weakness and atrophy.
Answer: Duchenne muscular dystrophy [prompt on muscular dystrophy or DMD]
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He eventually became the third Supreme Director of Chile after commanding forces in the Chilean War of Independence. FTPE:,
[10] Name this son of an Irish soldier who also assisted in obtaining Peruvian independence.
Answer: Bernardo O'Higgins
[10] This battle was decisive in the independents' victory over the Royalists. The Royalists tried to delay San Martin's army at the namesake valley, but O'Higgins' cavalry won the day.
Answer: the Battle of Chacabuco
[10] At Chacabuco, O'Higgins was an aide to this Argentine-born independence fighter and father of the Chilean navy, who followed up Chacabuco by expelling Spanish stragglers at the Battle of Maipu.
Answer: Jose de San Martin
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Answer the following about the Denakil Desert FTPE.,
[10] Said desert is mostly in the northern part of this nation, which also contains Lake T'ana.
Answer: Ethiopia
[10] The Denakil is a part of the system of this massive depression which extends from southwestern Asia to Mozambique.
Answer: the Great Rift Valley
[10] The Denakil is slightly smaller than this South African desert which includes the towns of Walvis Bay and Swakopmund and merges with the Kalahari to the southeast.
Answer: the Namib Desert
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Related to the exponential of the negative of the square of a variate, its shape is defined solely by the values for the mean and variance. FTPE:,
[10] Name this basic probability distribution, the graph of which is known as the "bell curve."
Answer: the normal distribution [or Gaussian distribution]
[10] Integrating two times a standard normal distribution from 0 yields this sigmoidal function. It can be used to evaluate the probability that a conclusion is incorrect, for example.
Answer: the Gaussian error function
[10] Because the normal distribution is normal, the error function approaches this value, equal to the area under the bell curve, as its parameter increases.
Answer: 1
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Prompted by a humiliating defeat of this group, the Sultan began raising a new army, loyal to himself, leading to a revolt in Istanbul in 1622. FTPE:,
[10] Name these soldiers, formerly recruited from non-Muslim peoples within the Empire via the devishirme, who revolted against Sultan Osman I.
Answer: the Janissaries
[10] The revolt initially found the Janissaries meeting en masse in this large horse-racing stadium. It had earlier been the site of the Nika Revolt and its space is now occupied by the Sultanahmet Meydani.
Answer: the Hippodrome of Constantinople
[10] The Janissary Revolt of 1622 followed a disastrous defeat at Choczim against this country, a combined commonwealth of two modern-day states ruled by the Jagiellon dynasty, with which the Ottomans had fought the Moldavian Magnate Wars. They often fought over Tatar and Cossack raids.
Answer: Poland-Lithuania [prompt on Poland, Lithuania, or Commonwealth]
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In his 45th symphony, called "Farewell," the orchestra members get up and leave one by one until only two muted violins are left. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Austrian composer of over 100 symphonies, including a set of "London" symphonies, whose symphony number 101 is nicknamed "The Clock" for the ticking sound that pervades its second movement.
Answer: Franz Josef Haydn
[10] Haydn is probably best known for this symphony, given its name for the unusually loud chord 10 seconds into the second movement designed to wake the audience up.
Answer: Symphony #94 or the "Surprise" Symphony
[10] In 1801, Haydn finished this oratorio based on a series of statements from the New Testament such as "Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise."
Answer: The Seven Last Words of Christ
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A composer fleeing New York City discovers a Stone Age civilization in his novel The Lost Steps. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Cuban author of The Kingdom of this World.
Answer: Alejo Carpentier
[10] In 1949, Alejo Carpentier used this phrase to describe fiction involving elements of fantasy mixed in with the mundane. This genre is most associated with Latin American authors like Juan Rulfo and Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
Answer: magical realism
[10] The title of another novel by Carpentier tells of an explosion in one of these religious buildings. Mario Vargas Llosa wrote a novel about a conversation in one of these structures, and T. S. Eliot wrote a play about a murder in one.
Answer: cathedral
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Its four acts are performed without intermission over a five hour span, with "knee plays" performed between them. FTPE:,
[10] Name this opera whose libretto consists largely of numbers, solfege syllables, and poems by a neurologically impaired child, which doesn't have much of a plot but does often reference the titular scientist.
Answer: Einstein on the Beach
[10] Einstein on the Beach was written by this minimalist composer, whose other works include scores for films like Catch Me if You Can, The Hours, and Koyaanisqatsi along with an opera based on the life of Gandhi, Satyagraha.
Answer: Philip Glass
[10] Another member of Glass' so-called "Portrait Trilogy" is an opera about this monotheistic Egyptian pharaoh, sung in Akkadian, Egyptian, and Biblical Hebrew.
Answer: Akhnaten
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Identify these Hindu scriptures, FTPE.,
[10] From the Sanskrit for "knowledge", the four collections of these are the Rig, Sama, Yajur, and Atharva.
Answer: the Vedas
[10] Commentaries on the Vedas, these 150 or 108 books are the philosophical basis of the Vedanta school.
Answer: the Upanishads
[10] Set in Book VI of the Mahabarata, this celebrated poem tells of Arjuna and his reluctance to fulfill his responsibility as a warrior.
Answer: the Bhagavad Gita
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The protagonist of this novel marries Logan Killicks and Joe Starks before being acquitted by an all-white jury for murdering her husband Tea Cake. FTPE:,
[10] Name this novel about Janie Crawford which begins with her return to Eatonville, Florida.
Answer: Their Eyes Were Watching God
[10] Hurston remained relatively obscure until this author of The Color Purple published "In Search of Zora Neale Hurston" in 1975.
Answer: Alice Walker
[10] Frans Boas wrote the introduction to this 1935 collection of African American "folklore" and "hoodoo" by Zora Neale Hurston.
Answer: Mules and Men
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Give the following about a sociologist FTPE.,
[10] This Frenchman coined the term sociology and applied the scientific method to the study of society.
Answer: Isidore Marie Auguste Francois Xavier Comte
[10] Comte developed this philosophy that stated that the only true knowledge was scientific.
Answer: positivism [do not accept "logical positivism" or any other positivisms]
[10] Comte posited that society went through this many total stages, the final of which was the Positive stage.
Answer: 3 [accept the Law of Three Stages]
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A spurious derivation of this physical law invokes the De Broglie and Einstein relations, but the formal proof uses the Schwarz inequality on an expectation value. FTPE:,
[10] Sometimes considered one of the axioms of quantum mechanics, name this lemma that holds that some quantum observables cannot simultaneously be known to an arbitrary degree of precision.
Answer: the Heisenberg uncertainty principle
[10] Observables obey an uncertainty principle if this object formed over their representative operators is non-zero. Usually represented by square brackets, it is given for two operators A and B by AB minus BA.
Answer: the commutator
[10] Perhaps the best-known non-commuting observables are the position and this one. The uncertainty in the position times the uncertainty in it is greater than or equal to h-bar over 2.
Answer: the linear momentum [prompt on p]
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Identify the following concerning a notable American Senator FTPE:,
[10] This Massachusetts native served as Secretary of State under Harrison, Tyler, and Fillmore and was among the leaders of the anti-slavery movement in the Senate as the counterbalance to Calhoun.
Answer: Daniel Webster
[10] Among the most famous debates in American history occurred between Webster and this man in 1830 over protective tariffs and nullification.
Answer: Robert Hayne
[10] In 1819, Webster successfully argued in favor of his alma mater in this Supreme Court Case over a state's ability to invalidate a college's charter:
Answer: Dartmouth College v. Woodward [accept Woodward v. Dartmouth College]
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It is exemplified in the works of such artists as Rosso Fiorentino and Angelo Bronzino. FTPE:,
[10] Name this sixteenth-century artistic style characterized by distorted forms and unnatural poses.
Answer: Mannerism
[10] Michelangelo designed this location in Florence. Its cascading staircase and unorthodox use of columns characterize it as a Mannerist structure.
Answer: The Laurentian Library
[10] This Mannerist painter first gained notice with his Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror. He is best known for his Madonna With the Long Neck.
Answer: Parmigianino or Parmigiano Francesco Mazzola [accept any underlined part]
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His poems "The House on the Hill" and "John Evereldown" appear in his collection The Children of the Night. FTPE:,
[10] Name this American poet of "Luke Havergal" and "The Man Against the Sky".
Answer: Edwin Arlington Robinson
[10] Although the "people on the pavement" admire the title figure of this Robinson poem for being "a gentleman from sole to crown" and "richer than a king," he shoots himself "one calm summer night."
Answer: "Richard Cory"
[10] This poem by Robinson describes a "child of scorn" who is "born too late," yearning for "the days of old / when swords were bright and steeds were prancing."
Answer: "Miniver Cheevy"
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Identify the following actresses from ABC's Desperate Housewives, FTPE:,
[10] In addition to portraying Gabrielle Lang, this model made headlines over the summer by becoming Mrs. Tony Parker.
Answer: Eva Longoria
[10] This Golden Globe winner for her role in Transamerica plays Lynette Scavo in Desperate Housewives. She also played Cynthia in Magnolia and Lilly in Georgia Rule.
Answer: Felicity Huffman
[10] Though she is a regular character and was the catalyst for much of the action in the show's first season, she is primarily heard rather than seen in the role of the deceased Mary Alice Young.
Answer: Brenda Strong
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On the night that Marfa's deformed child dies, Lizaveta dies while giving birth to Smerdyakov, whose father was suspected to be Fyodor. FTPE:,
[10] Fyodor was the father of Dmitri, Ivan, and Alyosha, the title characters of which novel?
Answer: The Brothers Karamazov
[10] The Brothers Karamazov was written by this Russian author of such works as Poor Folk, The Possessed, and some novel about Raskolnikov.
Answer: Fyodor Dostoyevsky
[10] Ivan tells Alyosha this parable during The Brothers Karamazov. In it, Christ revisits Earth, only to be arrested by the title character, who tells him that the Church no longer needs his work.
Answer: "The Grand Inquisitor"
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Answer the following questions--actual questions!--relating to government in colonial America FTPE.,
[10] What document was signed on November 11, 1620 aboard an eponymous ship by men such as John Carver, William Bradford, and Myles Standish?
Answer: The Mayflower Compact
[10] Which governor of Virginia organized the House of Burgesses in 1619, creating the first legislature in the English colonies?
Answer: George Yardley
[10] What document, spearheaded by Reverend Thomas Hooker, became the first written constitution in the history of the American colonies when it was signed in 1638?
Answer: The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
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If they operate spontaneously, they are called galvanic, while they are electrolytic if they are forced to run in reverse. FTPE:,
[10] Name these chemical contraptions consisting of two electrolyte solutions each surrounding an electrode and connected by a salt bridge, which physically separate the half-reactions of a redox reaction.
Answer: electrochemical cell or Voltaic cell
[10] This constant, the charge of one mole of electrons, is useful in evaluating electrochemical cells and their redox reactions.
Answer: Faraday constant
[10] This commercial process for obtaining aluminum from dissolved aluminum oxide in molten cryolite takes place in giant electrolytic cells.
Answer: Hall-Heroult Process
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Identify these Aztec gods FTPE.,
[10] This god, whose name means "Feathered Serpent," was thought to have been a deified king of the Toltecs, and was associated with the Sun, the East, and the air.
Answer: Quetzalcoatl
[10] This god, whose name means "Smoking Mirror," was a foil to Quetzalcoatl and united with Tlacahuepan and another god to overthrow him. He was also known as Titlachahuan.
Answer: Tezcatlipoca
[10] This god, whose name means "Hummingbird to the Left," united with Tezcatlipoca and Tlacahuepan to overthrow Quetzalcoatl. He was a war god and, upon his birth to Coatlicue, he slew his siblings.
Answer: Huitzilopochtli

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