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View Packets Tournament Editor
2008 ACF Fall Tossups by Andrew Hart
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
A Meckel's diverticulum is a small congenital bulge found on this organ, and Giardiasis is caused when the Giardia protozoan coats the inner lining of this organ. Cortisol can inhibit the loss of sodium in this organ, which is the most posterior organ controlled by the vagus nerve. One part of this organ contains lymphoid tissue known as Peyer's Patches. Another part of this organ contains Meissner's plexus and Brunner's glands and receives secretions from the liver and pancreas via the Sphincter of Oddi. Like the esophagus, this organ transports food via peristalsis. Containing the ileum, jejunum, and duodenum, for 10 points, name this organ between the stomach and the colon.
Answer: the small intestine [prompt on duodenum or jejunum before "Peyer's"; prompt on ileum before "Oddi"; prompt on intestine]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
This author wrote a bizarre work that juxtaposes a biography of James Buchanan with the titular President in Memories of the Ford Administration. One novel by this author discusses Piet Hanema's philandering, while another culminates when a Buick stalls on an icy hill, and relates the sacrifices that George Caldwell makes so his son can be an artist. This author of Couples and The Centaur wrote a work that deals with a Magi-Peel salesman whose wife Janice drowns their baby Rebecca June, and who is a former high school basketball hotshot. For 10 points, name this man, who wrote about a man surnamed "Angstrom" in his trilogy that begins with Rabbit, Run.
Answer: John Hoyer Updike
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Music
This man's second symphony uses the folk song "Long, Long Ago" as one theme, and he left an unfinished Universe Symphony. A tremolando underlies the second movement of his fourth symphony, which draws from "The Celestial Railroad," and he synthesized jazz, rag, "Hello My Baby," and Sousa's "Washington Post" in a piece meant to evoke the nightlife of New York. He composed a work in which a solo trumpet asks the "Perennial Question of Existence," and another that contains the movement "Putnam's Camp." Central Park in the Dark and The Unanswered Question are by, for 10 points, this American composer of Three Places in New England.
Answer: Charles Ives
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
This method's breakdown is the subject of the DeRosier problem. The zone of equilibrium in this technique is known as a "theoretical plate," and one type of this process uses a spinning band of Teflon. One setup for using this technique is called the Perkin triangle, which can be used when air-sensitive compounds are subjected to the "vacuum" type of this. One technique for performing this can use a Vigreaux column, or the cheaper Liebeg condenser. Many types of this process do not work with deviants from Raoult's Law, or azeotropes. For 10 points, name this method of separating mixtures based on differences in volatilities, which has a "fractional" type.
Answer: distillation
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
One episode in this novel sees a man decide to stop praying after he bonks his nose on the ground and precious gems fall out of it. The protagonist's grandparents met because he was her doctor, but he was only allowed to see various parts of her body through a sheet with a small hole cut in it. The protagonist's wife is referred to as a "dung princess," and another character married to Wee Willie Winkie dies after childbirth. Mary Pereira causes the central child-swapping in this work, which includes characters like William Methwold, Aadam Aziz, and the Brass Monkey. For 10 points, name this novel about Saleem Sinai, who was born at the title hour, by Salman Rushdie.
Answer: Midnight's Children
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
As a lawyer, this politician argued on behalf of the Second Bank of the U.S. in the Supreme Court case Osborn v. U.S. He pierced John Randolph's coat in a duel, and he used Friedrich List's ideas to develop his protectionist economic system. This man finished fourth in an election year that saw William Crawford earn votes despite suffering a debilitating stroke, and he swung the House of Representatives to John Quincy Adams over Andrew Jackson in a move that lead to his appointment as Secretary of State in the "Corrupt Bargain." For 10 points, name this man known as the "Great Compromiser," a longtime Kentucky senator behind the Compromise of 1850.
Answer: Henry Clay
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Mythology
One realm associated with this figure is generally believed to be the planet Jupiter, and was called Nibiru. His chariot was drawn by four horses named Trampler, Haste, Pitiless, and Killer, and this figure's father led Mummu by a nose-rope just before his birth. He built a palace called Esharra, and his weapons include the Abuba, Imhullu, and a net that Anu gave him. This figure killed Kingu, whose blood Ninhursag used to create the first human. His father is a water deity called Ea, and he earned the Tablets of Destiny after killing a dragon that represented the sea. For 10 points, name this patron god of Babylon, the slayer of Tiamat.
Answer: Marduk [or Bel]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
The protagonist of this work earns a pile in a loaning business started with principle won from an essay contest. The protagonist was once beaten with a stump when he claimed that Byron was better than Tennyson, and gets in a long debate with the Master of Studies over using the word "tundish" instead of "funnel." This work includes an argument in which Mr. Casey claims to have hocked a tobacco-laced loogey in the face of a Catholic, much to Dante Riordan's chagrin. Its protagonist is spurred to holiness by Father Arnall's hellish sermon, and it begins with a story about a "moocow" and "Baby Tuckoo." For 10 points, name this work about Stephen Dedalus, by James Joyce.
Answer: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Like another polity under Margaret, this polity was harassed by the pesky Likedeelers, who arose from the defeated Victual Brothers. This polity acquired a London steelyard in a deal brokered with Henry IV at Utrecht. It fought a war with the Netherlands that ended when Christopher of Batavia crushed a peasant uprising, leading to the Treaty of Copenhagen. It set up posts known as kontors, and this polity captured Visby, which led to the signing of the Treaty of Stralsund with Valdemar IV, granting it fifteen percent of Denmark's shipping profits. For 10 points, name this northern European trading alliance.
Answer: the Hanseatic League [or Hansa]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Art
One of the figures at the left of this painting stares at the title figure while clutching a large vase. The central figure's bare foot pokes out from behind some blue satin in front of a green pillow stacked atop a red pillow in the bottom center of this work. A bare-chested, toga-clad man unrolls a scroll in the bottom right, and he stands next to a single white column. The central female rests her hand on her breast in front of her brown braided ponytail, and is looking down at an enormous baby that is sprawled out across her lap. For 10 points, name this work by Parmigianino that depicts the infant Christ held by a lengthily-trunked Mary.
Answer: Madonna of the Long Neck [accept Madonna with the Long Neck; prompt on Madonna dal Collo Longo]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Philosophy
Henri Bergson wrote a dissertation on this man's "Conception of Place," and Porphyry penned the Isogage, a commentary on one of this man's works. Roger Bacon's Opus Major and Opus Minor criticized this man, and he wrote a work that states that young men are not well-suited to listen to discussions of right and wrong. Another of his works defines nature as a principle of change, while another contrasts the theories of Hippodemus and Plato. He also wrote a work that emphasizes plot and claims that recognition is the key to producing catharsis. For 10 points, name this philosopher of the Nichomachean Ethics, Physics, Politics, and Poetics.
Answer: Aristotle
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
Henry Knighton's chronicle provides a harsh primary source view of this group, who were the namesake of a "pit" of corpses in Thorpe Wood. John Scrivener was one of this group's leaders, and Thomas Harding was executed for his involvement with them. This group was targeted for extermination when Sir John Oldcastle used its ideals as support for a rebellion against Henry V, and one offshoot of this group petitioned Parliament with the "Twelve Conclusions," which were posted on the door's of St. Paul's. For 10 points, name this group that called for the reform of the Catholic Church in Britain, led by John Wycliffe.
Answer: Lollards [accept Wycliffites early]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
Laszlo Tisza proposed a model to explain the first instance of this phenomenon. One material that exhibits this property has a curiously negative-sloping liquid-solid line on a phase diagram, and therefore can undergo Pomeranchuk cooling. Substances with this property can produce a Rollin film, and one model to explain this property posits an excitation that forms a roton. Quantum soundwaves remove internal resistance to movement in a model of this property postulated by Lev Landau, who proposed that it takes place below the "lambda point." For 10 points, name this property exhibited by certain Helium isotopes that occurs when all viscosity vanishes.
Answer: superfluidity [accept word forms]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Pop Culture
This is the surname of the Dodge Viper-driving alter-ego of Sherman Klump in the Eddie Murphy vehicle The Nutty Professor. Another character with this surname frequently masturbates with a lightsaber, and takes her surname from a Teresa Graves blaxploitation film entitled Get Christie [this surname]!. One family with this surname has produced an Oregon Athletic Hall of Famer named Stan, a man co-credited with writing "Fun, Fun, Fun" named Mike, and a fifth overall NBA pick who was traded from the Grizzlies for O.J. Mayo. For 10 points, name this surname shared by Drawn Together's Foxxy and former UCLA star forward Kevin.
Answer: Love
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Science
In certain situations, the Ergun and Forchheimer expressions effectively model these entities, and the Richards equation can model transport within them. The confined type lies completely within the vadose zone, and their yield per unit decline in hydraulic head is known as "storativity." Sodium intrusion is a common problem in these entities if they are located in coastal areas. Massive examples in the U.S. include the Mahomet and the Ogallala ones, and when these entities meet the surface, artesian wells form. For 10 points, name these porous rocks that contain underground water reservoirs.
Answer: aquifers
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Music
Act I of this opera sees a man standing watch keep from falling asleep by singing a ditty about "my girl," who would "like the trumpery" of storms. One aria translates as "Will that day" and sees Erik pine for his lost love, who is introduced in a scene that sees a chorus of spinners sing "Spin, spin fair maiden." One character proposes a marriage to his daughter in the aria "May you my child," and the title character tells of his fate in the aria "Die Frist ist um." Daland offers his daughter Senta to the title character of this opera, who is cursed to spend seven years at a time at sea. For 10 points, name this opera about the title ghost-sailor, by Richard Wagner.
Answer: The Flying Dutchman [accept Der fliegende Hollander]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Social Science
This man argued that labor leaders are appeased by "bread and butter" policies, and thus work with business leaders in his The New Men of Power. One of his works was based on conversations he had with Che Guevara and Fidel Castro, while another attempted to reform his discipline to be more social and personal. This author of Listen Yankee and The Sociological Imagination discussed the "salesmanship mentality" that causes alienation in a work about "The American Middle Classes," and he detailed the relationships between the military, corporate leaders, and politicians in another. For 10 points, name this American sociologist who wrote White Collar and The Power Elite.
Answer: Charles Wright Mills
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: History
This man allegedly was buried in a coffin of pure ivory in Gur-e Amir, and his legendary calligrapher Omar Aqta supposedly wrote the entire Quran on a ring. His grandson Shah Rokh tried to reunite his empire, which was expanded when he beat Mahmud Tughluq at the Second Battle of Panipat. He kidnapped the artisans of Damascus and fought the Knights of Rhodes at Smyrna, and he supported Tokhtamysh against Russia. Also conducting a notorious sacking of Dehli, for 10 points, name this fourteenth century Turkic conqueror, noted for constructing giant-ass pyramids of human skulls, and for being crippled.
Answer: Tamerlane [or Timur the Lame; or Emir Timur]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Literature
The Two Admirers attempt to get a peek at the title character in this man's work The Leader, and he wrote a work in which Jack and Roberta are ordered to go to "the hatching," The Future is in Eggs. One of his works sees the title character lure victims to their drowning death by offering to show them "A picture of the colonel." In addition to The Killer, one of his plays deals with the dinner party conversations between the Fire Chief and the title character, who always wears her hair in the same style, while another features Berenger, who refuses to turn into the title beast. For 10 points, name this absurdist playwright who wrote The Bald Soprano and Rhinoceros.
Answer: Eugene Ionesco
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Religion
This belief teaches that the Earth and moon split apart sometime after the creation, which occurred at least 76 trillion years ago, and it also asserts that Earth was once home to a supercontinent simply called "Asia." It holds that a passage in Ezekiel about a wheel "gleaming of beryl" is actually describing the "Mother Plane," a spaceship that cost fifteen billion dollars in gold to construct. This religion's creation story holds that 6,000 years ago, a scientist named Dr. Yakub grafted a light race into existence, and its theology also claims that God appeared in July 1930 to W. Fard Muhammad. For 10 points, name this offshoot of a major monotheistic religion, led by Louis Farrakhan.
Answer: the Nation of Islam [or Ummah al-Islamu; prompt on NOI]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category: Geography
TB. This state is home to Don Knacht's backyard island castle in its fine town of Junction City, while its namesake "Cosmosphere" and underground salt museum are both found in this state's city of Hutchinson. This state's largest city is home to an independent minor league baseball team called the Wingnuts, and Forts Larned and Scott are located in this state. Its largest city's suburbs include Derby, El Dorado, and Maize, and that city includes the Quaker-aligned Friends University. The Missouri River forms a few miles of this state's border with Missouri, and some of its cities include Lawrence and Lecompton. For 10 points, name this state, home of Wichita and Topeka.
Answer: Kansas
2008 ACF Fall Bonuses by Andrew Hart
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name some things about those low-carb treats, sandwich wraps, for 10 points each.,
[10] You can garnish your wrap from this drive-in restaurant with crispy bacon, cheese, or hot chili. This restaurant relies on the sardonic humor two car-bound diners in ads for its "Sausage Biscuit Dippers" and "Brown Bag Special," and is noted for its specialty drink items.
Answer: Sonic Drive-In [or Sonic Corporation]
[10] This delicious Taco Bell product features the usual Bell fixin's piled between two flat, round, hard taco shells, then wrapped in a soft tortilla shell and placed on a grill press, creating a disk-shaped delectable that's "good to go."
Answer: Crunchwrap Supreme [prompt on Crunchwrap]
[10] This current manager of Japan's Chiba Lotte Marines and former Mets skipper claims to have invented the sandwich wrap at his namesake restaurant and sports bar.
Answer: Robert John "Bobby" Valentine
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
The title character of this novel attempts to scheme the Bernal family out of its lands. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which a Mexican business tycoon recounts his life from his deathbed.
Answer: The Death of Artemio Cruz [or La muerte de Artemio Cruz]
[10] This Mexican author of Where the Air is Clear and Christopher Unborn wrote The Death of Artemio Cruz.
Answer: Carlos Fuentes Macias
[10] Carlos Fuentes also wrote a novel called The Old Gringo, which recounts the death of this author, who is supposedly trying to track down Pancho Villa. This man wrote The Devil's Dictionary.
Answer: Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Some of these entities worshiped American servicemen like John Frum. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these groups dedicated to worshiping people who bring them technologically advanced goods, often found when societies on isolated islands like Vanuatu first interact with other cultures.
Answer: cargo cults
[10] Some cargo cults create imitations of airplanes or ships, known as the sympathetic form of this phenomenon, which is the subject of The Golden Bough.
Answer: magic
[10] Wikipedia notes that cargo cults are similar to UFO cults, such as this one led by Marshall Applewhite. Their 38 members committed suicide, supposedly to board the spaceship responsible for the 1997 appearance of the Hale-Bopp comet.
Answer: Heaven's Gate
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This concept was coined in the 1963 paper "Cogito et histoire de la folie." For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this concept, the implication that words take their meaning by what they are not. This concept also implies that one member of a binary pair such as "dark" and "light" is superior.
Answer: differance [pronounced dee-FAIR-ahnce; but accept reasonable pronuncations]
[10] Differance is a creation of this French philosopher, who also created the idea of Deconstruction and wrote Of Grammatology.
Answer: Jacques Derrida
[10] Derrida's early works were concerned with this philosophy that analyzes consciousness, and how man perceives the world. Developed by Husserl, Merleau-Ponty wrote about this concept "of Perception."
Answer: phenomenology
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This empire had its capital at Koumbi Saleh. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this West African empire that was also known as Wagadou.
Answer: Ghana Empire
[10] The modern-day country of Ghana is the home of this former Secretary General of the U.N., whose son Kojo allegedly abused the Iraq Oil-for-Food Program.
Answer: Kofi Atta Annan
[10] Modern-day Ghana wasn't home to the Ghana Empire, but it was home to this kingdom that was conquered by the British, whose rulers sat upon the Golden Stool.
Answer: the Ashanti empire/kingdom/whatever [accept Asante; or Ashanti Confederation; or Asanteman]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Like Ron Paul, the title character of this novel is a slut for gold, but unlike the doctor, his is stolen by Duncan Cass, who flees into a quarry and falls to his death, unbeknownst to everyone. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel in which the title "Weaver of Raveloe" adopts a girl named Eppie.
Answer: Silas Marner: The Weaver of Raveloe
[10] This author of Middlemarch and Felix Holt wrote Silas Marner.
Answer: George Eliot [or Mary Ann Evans; accept Marian Evans]
[10] The title carpenter of this Eliot work lusts after Hetty Sorel, who kills the illegitimate baby she had with Arthur Donnithorne. Everything works out in the end for the title character, who marries the good-hearted Dinah Morris.
Answer: Adam Bede
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This scientist gives his name to equations for the motion of a rigid body in an ideal fluid. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German, who also names a law of thermal radiation that states the emissivity of a body equals its absorptivity. He often worked with Robert Bunsen.
Answer: Gustav Robert Kirchoff
[10] Kirchoff is also the namesake of a "loop" rule, and of a rule about this, which states the current entering one of them must equal the current flowing out of it.
Answer: a junction [accept node]
[10] Kirchoff is also the namesake of three empirical laws about observing the spectra of these perfect absorbers of light, whose thermal radiation can be described by the Rayleigh-Jeans law.
Answer: black body
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This musician composed a piano suite titled after some butterflies, Papillons. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German composer of Carnaval and Kreisleriana.
Answer: Robert Charles Schumann
[10] Schumann's third symphony bears this name, because it depicts the folksy goodness of the title river.
Answer: Rhenish
[10] Schumann's first symphony is named for this season, which also names a work by Benjamin Britten that is a setting of the poetry of Spenser, Peele, and Auden.
Answer: Spring
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This politician led a namesake "brigade" of 5,000 women to D.C. to protest the Vietnam War in 1968. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this pacifist, the first female member of Congress.
Answer: Jeannette Rankin
[10] Rankin hailed from this Western state, which like its neighbor Wyoming, was an early advocate of women's suffrage.
Answer: Montana
[10] This New Yorker was the first black woman to be elected to Congress, and also the first to run for a major-party nomination for President.
Answer: Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
The problems in this novel begin when Arthur Shelby sells the title character down the river. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this novel about the tribulations of little Eva St. Clair, who is aided by the title character.
Answer: Uncle Tom's Cabin
[10] This author of The Minister's Wooing wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Answer: Harriet Beecher Stowe
[10] Harriet Beecher Stowe is an American regionalist author, much like this New Orleans denizen who penned Old Creole Days and The Grandissimes.
Answer: George Washington Cable
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This lab technique generally requires a burette. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this technique for finding the unknown concentration of a known reactant, which often requires an indicator.
Answer: titration
[10] This indicator commonly used in titrations is clear until a pH around 8.2, and turns pink thereafter.
Answer: phenolphthalein [accept C-20 H-14 O-4; or phph]
[10] A type of titration that does not require an indicator uses this type of reaction, in which the oxidation numbers of some of the reactants change.
Answer: redox [or oxidation-reduction; or reduction-oxidation; accept all with "titration" at the end]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This figure was the last of his race, and tutored such figures as Aeneas. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this figure, who exchanged his immortality to free Prometheus from his bondage.
Answer: Chiron [or Cheiron]
[10] Chiron was a member of this race of beings, who are half-horse.
Answer: centaurs
[10] One of Chiron's star pupils was this mythical healer, who was the son of Apollo and Coronis and was killed with a thunderbolt after he kept resurrecting people for gold, much like Ron Paul.
Answer: Asclepius
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name some ancient statues of female goddesses, for 10 points each.,
[10] Despite being a Greek statue, this work, thought to be sculpted by Alexander of Antioch, is usually called a Roman name. Its lopped-off arms may have clutched an apple.
Answer: Venus de Milo [or Aphrodite of Milos]
[10] This now-headless winged figure is thrusting forward as if on the prow of a ship. It depicts the goddess Nike.
Answer: Winged Victory of Samothrace [accept Nike of Samothrace]
[10] This Praxiteles work shows a love goddess holding a robe above an urn, shielding her pubis with her right hand.
Answer: Aphrodite of Cnidus [prompt on Aphrodite]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
The Importation Acts of 1815 and 1846 laid out these laws. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these mercantilist laws that prohibited the importation of a certain staple crop.
Answer: the Corn Laws
[10] The Corn Laws were finally repealed when this man read his Bill of Repeal for the third time in Parliament.
Answer: Sir Robert Peel
[10] The Anti-Corn Law League was a creation of John Bright and this aptly-named man, whom Peel credited as the driving force behind the Corn Laws' repeal.
Answer: Richard Cobden
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This man wrote about followers of Muhammad in Islam Observed. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this anthropologist who pioneered "thick description" in his Interpretation of Cultures.
Answer: Clifford James Geertz
[10] Perhaps the best-known essay in Geertz's Interpretation of Cultures is called "Deep Play," and discusses this Balinese practice, which involves some animals that duke it out.
Answer: the Balinese cockfight [accept obvious equivalents]
[10] Geertz wrote an article about how he was "anti-anti-" this "ism," which claims that there is no absolute definition of "culture," and thus that culture should be viewed in its own terms.
Answer: cultural relativism [accept "Anti-Anti-Relativism; do not accept "moral relativism" or any other kind of relativism]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
When these systems are in the line of sight of the viewer, they undergo maximum and minimum periods of light and are called the "eclipsing" type. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name these systems of two objects that revolve around one another.
Answer: binary stars [accept binary systems]
[10] The regions around a binary system in which each star exerts gravitational influence on orbiting material are known as this man's "lobes." His "limit" is the minimum radius at which a satellite can orbit without being destroyed by tidal forces.
Answer: Eduard Albert Roche
[10] Astrometric binaries are found by taking observations and applying the three empirical laws named for this man, one of which states that rotating bodies sweep out equal area in equal time.
Answer: Johannes Kepler
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This artistic movement's second-in-command was Franz Marc, who painted Fighting Forms. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this German expressionistic movement named after a painting that shows a man in a certain color atop a galloping white horse.
Answer: The Blue Rider [or Der Blaue Reiter]
[10] This Russian, who painted The Blue Rider and wrote the treatise On the Spiritual in Art, was the leader of the movement.
Answer: Wassily Kandinsky
[10] Der Blaue Reiter was the second major movement in German expressionism. The first was this group that revived the lithograph and had such members as Fritz Bleyl, Ernst Kirchner, and Otto Mueller.
Answer: Die Brucke [or The Bridge]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
Name some battles from the Hundred Years' War, for 10 points each.,
[10] Occurring on St. Crispin's day, this battle was a huge win for Henry V, who fed the French a steady diet of arrows from his horde of longbowmen. Charles d'Albret lost it for the French.
Answer: Battle of Agincourt
[10] Saint Joan of Arc is generally considered the "Maid" of this siege, which saw Salisbury, Shrewsbury, and Suffolk lose.
Answer: Siege of Orleans
[10] France couldn't really invade England during the war because most of their ships were destroyed in this naval engagement, fought off Flanders.
Answer: Battle of Sluys
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This author never completed the Letter to Posterity that was to conclude his Epistolae familiars. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this Italian poet, who wrote a verse epic about Scipio Africanus creatively titled Africa.
Answer: Petrarch [or Francesco Petrarca]
[10] One of Petrarch's major innovations was his namesake style of this poetic form, which has fourteen lines. Petrarch's namesake kind is separated into an octave and sestet.
Answer: sonnets [or sonnettos]
[10] Petrarch chronicled his unrequited love for Laura in this "Song Book" that contains a lot of sonnets and a handful of other poetic forms. It takes its alternate name from the phrase "scattered rhymes" in its first poem.
Answer: Il Canzoniere [accept Rime Sparse]
Average difficulty: 0Average quality: 0Category:
This domain was proposed by Carl Weiss, who studied its organisms extensively. For 10 points each:,
[10] Name this domain of a very old type of single-celled organism.
Answer: archaea [or archaebacteria]
[10] Archaebacteria are thought to be the evolutionary precursors to these types of organisms, whose cells have membrane-bound organelles. Animals, plants, fungi, and protists are all this kind of organism,
Answer: eukaryotes [or eukaryotic]
[10] Originally, archaea were thought to be limited to this type of organism, which live in intense conditions like volcanic springs, very hot temperatures, or excessive pHs.
Answer: extremophiles

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