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View Packets Tournament Editor
2007 ACF Fall Tossups by Andrew Hart
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Though it's not in the United States, just off of this region's eastern tip is a land mass known as Staten Island. The only city along National Route 3 between this region's two largest cities was founded in 1972 and is called Tolhuin. At over 8,000 feet, its tallest point is Mount Darwin, and it contains two regional capitals, its largest city, Ushuaia, and Punto Arenas. Its town of Puerto Toro is the world's southernmost and it is separated from a continental mainland by the Strait of Magellan. FTP, name this archipelago shared between Chile and Argentina at the southernmost tip of South America whose name stems from the many fires that its Western discoverer saw from sea.
Answer: Tierra del Fuego [accept Land of Fire]
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If the net charge on a body is zero, then this describes the highest-order term in the harmonic expansion of its potential in general. An oscillating one produces a radiation field with the asymptotic form of a spherical wave. The potential energy of one of these is given by minus its moment dotted into its associated field and the potential of one varies as one over distance squared. A physical one can be modeled as two separated charges of equal magnitude and opposite sign; its namesake moment will then be the charge times the separation distance. FTP, name this physical system containing two electric monopoles.
Answer: an electric dipole [prompt on one over distance squared or other close equivalents before "one over distance squared"]
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The protagonist's mother is conceived when the fugitive Joseph Koljaiczek takes refuge from constables under a woman's skirt in a potato field. She dies after a dead horse's head full of eels inspires her to eat only fish. Its protagonist outlandishly seduces Maria, the younger sister of a man with hieroglyph-like scars on his back, Herbert Truczinski, and his father Alfred dies from swallowing a pin to conceal his fascist affiliations from the Russians. The title object is given to the protagonist for his third birthday, after which he decides to stop growing. Set in Danzig, FTP, name this novel about Oskar Matzerath by Gunter Grass.
Answer: The Tin Drum (or Die Blechtrommel)
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This property ensures complete separation when dividing hydroxides of group III cations because it causes Zinc 2+ and Aluminum 3+ to immediately redissolve into NaOH. Isoelectric focusing can be used to separate molecules with this property, such as proteins, by applying a potential difference across a pH gradient and allowing the small molecules to move towards the anode or cathode. One notable compound displaying it reacts with ammonia to form a hydroxide ion and with hydrogen choride to form a hydronium ion. FTP, name this property of substances such as water that can react as either acids or bases.
Answer: amphoterism [or amphotericness or amphiprotism or amphiproticness]
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A myth about this figure earned Athena the cult title of Chalinitis in Corinth. Hesiod gives him the duty of bearing the thunderbolts for Zeus and suggests that his name resulted from his birth near Ocean, while his brother Chrysaor was named for his sword. He was captured in Pirene after his captor followed the advice of Polyeidos and received a dream from Athena. Charged by Iobates to complete several tasks, that captor used him in his battles with the Amazons and with the Chimaera. That hero, Bellerophon tamed this creature with a gift from Athena, a golden bridle, before failing in an attempt to reach Olympus himself. Born from the decapitated body of Medusa, this is, FTP, what mythological winged horse?
Answer: Pegasus
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One of his campaigns was conducted against Grimoald III, duke of Benevento, who had formerly been his hostage. In his namesake Libri, theologians attacked the Second Council of Nicaea, before he himself convened the Synod of Frankfurt, which overruled that ecumenical council. In his "cold war" with the Byzantines, he advanced his own candidate to succeed Hadrian I, Pope Leo III. Defeat at Zaragoza forced his troops to retreat to Roncevaux Pass in the Pyrenees, a site famous for the poem it inspired, The Song of Roland. His biographer Einhard served as secretary for his son and successor, Louis the Pious. FTP, name this king of the Franks, whom Leo crowned Holy Roman Emperor on December 25, 800.
Answer: Charlemagne [or Carolus Magnus or Charles the Great; prompt on "Charles" or "Carolus"]
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One character in this work recalls that a famous author had to flee from the Eiffel Tower as it was about to crush him by its vulgarity. After learning that Masha is going to marry the schoolmaster Medvedenko, one character is left a message on page 121, lines 11 and 12, of his own book Days and Nights. That character plans to meet him at the Hotel Slavianski Bazaar, and she bears him a child that dies young, whereupon Nina is deserted by her lover, a playwright. She returns to Sorin's home while Arkadina and Trigorin are visiting, but when she leaves for Eltz, Treplev shoots himself, like he had the title creature. Thus ends, FTP, which play by Anton Chekhov?
Answer: The Seagull or Chayka
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Prior to its translation by William of Moerbeke, it was unavailable to medieval Europe, except through the excerpts quoted in Macrobius's commentary on Cicero's Somnium Scipionis. One section denounces excessive Laconian philotimia, while Book III cites the need for a "noble lie" as the basis for the title concept. Discussion of a line divided into four parts and of the sun are metaphors for its author's idea of the levels of existence and of the absolute good respectively, but, the most famous excerpt features shackled prisoners watching shadows to illustrate the "theory of forms" in the "allegory of the cave". FTP, name this Platonic dialogue in which Socrates claims that a philosopher should rule the titular entity.
Answer: The Republic [or Politeia]
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Ones by Thomas Wyatt include "Like to these unmeasurable mountains" and "Whoso List to Hunt." The author of The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge wrote ones dedicated to Vera Knoop, and a notable series of them is addressed to a Fair Youth and a Dark Lady. Vikram Seth's novel The Golden Gate consists of Pushkinian ones, while another sequence of them begins by considering "how Theocritus had sung" and includes the line "How do I love thee? Let me count the ways." FTP, name this poetic form, whose collections include Elizabeth Barrett Browning's ones "From the Portuguese," and whose types include Petrarchan and Spenserian.
Answer: sonnets [accept Sonnets to Orpheus, Shakespeare's Sonnets, or Sonnets from the Portuguese]
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During his reign, his forces defeated Spain at Jarbah and lost in a battle with the Knights of St. John in an attempt to capture Malta. While serving as governor in the Crimea, he helped his father to build an army. A principle known as the "circle of justice" guided the legal kanuns which he set up, and he supported the ascension of John Zapolya following one of his military victories. Against Rhodes, he used the naval forces enhanced by his grandfather Bayezid II and led by Khayr ad-Din or Barbarossa, though he later failed at the first siege of Vienna. The winner at Mohacs and son of Selim the Grim, this is, FTP, what Ottoman Sultan, who oversaw that empire's "golden age"?
Answer: Suleiman the Magnificent [or Suleiman I or Suleiman the Lawgiver or Suleiman Kunani]
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The "pre" version of this occurs only in plants and forms a namesake microtubule band underneath the cell membrane. Before this stage can begin in some plant cells, a phragosome must be formed to bisect large vacuoles. Molecular motors drive the centrosomes apart during it, and microtubules connected to the centrosomes form the spindle apparatus. During it, the nucleolus disappears and, at its end, the nuclear membrane dissolves. Condensin facilitates the chromatin condensation of this phase and each chromosome that forms during it contains two chromatids connected by a centromere. FTP, name this first stage of mitosis.
Answer: prophase [do not accept "prophase I" or "prophase II"]
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This country signed the Security Treaty with the U.S. in 1951, an agreement that was strengthened in the 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security, and the Treaty of San Francisco allowed the U.S. to occupy it. It knew American sailing vessels as Black Ships, and a contingent of Americans anchored in Uraga harbor signed a convention with this country in 1854. The U.S. exchanged six diplomatic notes with it in 1907 that limited passports issued by this country, an accord known as the Gentleman's Agreement. FTP, name this country which, on August 6 and August 9, 1945, saw its cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki devastated by atomic bombs.
Answer: Japan [or Nihon-koku or Nippon-koku]
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It was commissioned by Cardinal Jean de Billheres, whose funeral monument it once adorned. Giuseppe Lirioni reconstructed four fingers on this work that were broken when it was moved, but may have taken liberties with its hand gesture. After its artist overheard a group of people attributing the work to Cristoforo Solari, he added his name to this piece on a sash across one figure's chest. The figures are out of proportion; if the smaller character were normally sized, the larger would be sixteen feet tall. FTP, name this statue of Mary holding the body of Christ after his crucifixion, the first major work of Michelangelo.
Answer: Michelangelo's Pieta
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Series of these found in U-shaped valleys are known as Paternoster ones. Other types include holomictic and endoheic, which have little intermixing between layers, known as thermoclines, and no significant discharge, respectively. Those produced by scouring are called tarns. Vostok is the largest one in Antarctica. Long Island's Ronkonkoma resulted from glacial calving and is thus the kettle type. Oxbow ones are formed when a meander is cut off from a stream and artificial ones are often known as reservoirs. FTP, name these water-filled geographic features exemplified by Superior in the U.S.
Answer: lakes
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The last major land battles in this conflict were at Assietta and Lauffeld, and it is also noted for Dettingen, the last battle in which a British monarch led troops. The French took, but were forced to return, Madras in the First Carnatic War, an Indian phase of this war, while the capture and return of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island occurred in the North American phase, King George's War. Prince Charles Albert of Bavaria was one of the claimants in this war that was ended by the 1748 treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. It began with Frederick II of Prussia's failure to agree with Charles VI's Pragmatic Sanction of 1713. FTP, name this war over Maria Theresa's ascension to the throne of its namesake country with capital Vienna.
Answer: The War of the Austrian Succession [prompt on King George's War before it is said]
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The speaker notes that he wants to be a lion, but that everybody wants to pass as cats. The speaker wants to be Bob Dylan, and the title character wishes he was someone just a little more funky. The speaker wants to see himself staring back in the TV, and will paint himself in all of the beautiful colors, his favorite of which is gray. It opens at the New Amsterdam with the speaker staring at a yellow-haired girl while the title figure strikes up a conversation with a black-haired flamenco dancer. Those two look into the future, tell each other fairy tales, and stumble through the barrio, all while staring at the beautiful women in, FTP, what song about the title man "and me" by the Counting Crows?
Answer: "Mr. Jones" [accept "Mr. Jones and Me"]
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This book's introduction dedicates an "orderly account" to Theophilus and it contains a story in which a Pharisee is condemned for making the outside of his dishes clean but forgetting who has made the food. The parables of the Good Samaritan and the Prodigal Son appear only in this book and its second chapter contains the passage in which Mary lays Jesus in a manger "because there was no room for them in the inn," a locale not mentioned in Matthew's version of the nativity. Its author and namesake is traditionally taken to be the companion of Paul mentioned in Colossians 4:14, a doctor. FTP, name this third canonical gospel, coming after Mark and before John.
Answer: The Gospel According to Luke
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One character in this work drinks Coca-Cola from a paper sack that most of the townspeople believe contains alcohol, while another, Mrs. Dubose, breaks a morphine habit and dies in pain rather than addicted. A blanket mysteriously appears over the shoulders of one of its characters when Miss Maudie Atkinson's house burns down, and an unruly mob breaks up after Walter Cunningham's father becomes embarrassed. A legal defense in this novel hinges on the defendant's withered left arm, but Tom Robinson is still convicted of raping Mayella Ewell and dies trying to escape prison. FTP, name this work that features Jem, Scout, and Atticus Finch, a novel by Harper Lee.
Answer: To Kill a Mockingbird
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What are known as the Tait-Bryan angles in aeronautics are elsewhere known for this person. An equation that calculates loading of beams is named after Bernoulli and this scientist. A formula that can evaluate series using integrals is named after Maclaurin and him. Initial value problems can be integrated approximately by his namesake iterative method. The limit of the difference between the harmonic series and the natural logarithm is a constant denoted gamma that is named after Mascheroni and him. FTP, name this mathematician whose namesake number is the base of the natural logarithm, e.
Answer: Leonhard Euler
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The third of nine of them written in 1992 by modernist Belgian composer Boudewijn Buckinx is only 40 seconds long. Tchaikovsky's was reworked into his third piano concerto and features a notable Allegro brillante, while Mahler composed one with an Allegro moderato known as Purgatorio that was worked into a "performing version" by musicologist Derek Cooke. The most famous one features two movements, an Allegro moderato in B minor and an Andante con moto in E major, and concludes with a B minor scherzo fragment. FTP, give this shared name of these symphonies, the most notable of which is Schubert's eighth, which has inspired several reconstructed endings.
Answer: "Unfinished" symphonies [accept Unvollendete]
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A character in this work sings of a cook who beats a dog to death with a ladle for stealing a breadcrust, and that character stinks of garlic, which he eats for the health of his kidneys. One character provides another some chicken bones to gnaw on and a boy in this work tends to the title character's goats and acts as his messenger. This work mentions a "personal god" uttered forth by "Puncher and Wattmann" during a nonsensical monologue that results when Pozzo's servant Lucky is instructed to "think." FTP, name this "tragicomedy in two acts" in which Vladimir and Estragon linger in hopes of seeing the title character, an absurdist play by Samuel Beckett.
Answer: Waiting for Godot [or En Attendant Godot]
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The 1892 Republican Party platform claimed a belief in "the broadest sense" of this doctrine in a sentence also reaffirming the Monroe Doctrine. One article arguing for this doctrine denounced "idle French talk of balances of power" and predicted a population of between 250 and 300 million Americans by 1945. This name was first used in the Young America publication United States Magazine and Democratic Review, in an article about "The Great Nation of Futurity," but it appeared more influentially in an article title "Annexation," which described "a continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions." FTP, name this two-word phrase coined by John O'Sullivan in an argument for the annexation of Texas, that justified America's need to "overspread the continent" through westward expansion.
Answer: Manifest Destiny
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On this work's left, a cat carries a mouse in its mouth and a flock of birds extends from its upper left corner loop through a towering cave-like structure. Its center features numerous berry trees and for a time it was known as "The Picture with the Strawberry-Tree Fruits." Songbirds on the left look on as horses and cats are ridden in a circle around a central pool. Members of both sexes bathe communally in two pools in the center and left of this work's central panel and the left and right panels of this work depict the Garden of Eden and Hell. FTP, name this 1504 triptych by Hieronymus Bosch that depicts the worldly sinful pleasures of human life.
Answer: The Garden of Earthly Delights
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A footnote in Plyer v. Doe states that no distinction between legal and illegal aliens governs its application. It has five sections, the fourth of which states that the validity of the public debt shall not be questioned. The process of attributing rights to one of its clauses is called "incorporation doctrine" and was first laid out in Gitlow v. New York. The first decision based on this amendment narrowly interpreted its privileges or immunities clause as applying only at the federal level in ruling against a group of butchers in the Slaughter-House cases. FTP, name this constitutional amendment with notable Due Process and Equal Protection clauses passed in 1868 to give rights to former slaves.
Answer: the 14th Amendment
 
2007 ACF Fall Bonuses by Andrew Hart
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Coulomb has a namesake law for the "dry" form of this macroscopic force. FTPE:,
[10] Name this relative force whose coefficient is symbolized with a lower-case mu.
Answer: friction
[10] F-sub-n designates this force that is important in friction calculation. It is the component of contact force perpendicular to the surface of contact between two bodies.
Answer: normal force
[10] The usual law for friction, i.e. that the magnitude of the friction is proportional to the magnitude of the normal force, is due to and sometimes named for this French tribologist.
Answer: Guillaume Amontons
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They were famous for wearing blue bonnets. FTPE:,
[10] Name this political movement whose Risings aimed to restore James II to the throne of Britain.
Answer: Jacobitism [or Jacobites]
[10] James II belonged to this Scottish royal house that included Mary Queen of Scots.
Answer: The House of Stuart
[10] This Jacobite pretender of the 1700's was proclaimed King Charles III by his supporters, but his hopes were dashed when the Duke of Cumberland defeated him at Culloden Moor.
Answer: Charles Edward Louis John Casimir Silverster Maria Stuart [or Bonnie Prince Charlie; prompt on "the Young Pretender"]
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Name the Beethoven symphonies FTPE.,
[10] This final Beethoven symphony was one of the first symphonies to use extensive singing and features the "Ode to Joy" in its fourth movement.
Answer: Beethoven's 9th symphony in D minor or "Choral" or Opus 125
[10] This "heroic" symphony with a notable Allegro con brio was initially composed for Napoleon but its dedication was ultimately "for a great man."
Answer: Beethoven's 3rd symphony in E-flat major or "Eroica" or Opus 55
[10] Beginning with a short-short-short-long motif, this symphony was composed in C minor, commonly attributed as Beethoven's favorite key because it was "stormy."
Answer: Beethoven's 5th symphony in C minor or Opus 67
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Name the following middle infielders FTPE:,
[10] This Yankee captain finished second in last year's MVP voting after batting .344 and with teammate Alex Rodriguez was voted an All Star game starter.
Answer: Derek Sanderson Jeter
[10] This Marlins shortstop was traded from the Red Sox for Josh Beckett and was named 2006 National League Rookie of the Year. Oh yeah, and he's totally awesome.
Answer: Hanley Ramirez
[10] This second overall draft pick of the Devil Rays in 2002 exhausted his rookie eligibility in 2004 as a shortstop, but in 2007 he played some second base and centerfield and mashed 24 homers and swiped 22 bases.
Answer: Melvin Emmanuel "B.J." Upton [accept Bossman Junior]
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Name these Frank Lloyd Wright-designed buildings FTPE.,
[10] Also known as the Kaufmann House, this cantilevered Pennsylvania residence lies above a cascading stream.
Answer: Fallingwater(s)
[10] This spiraling museum of modern art on New York's East Side was Wright's last major work.
Answer: the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York [do not accept Guggenheims in other locales]
[10] This Tokyo building's facade is now displayed at the Museum Meiji-Mura. It was one of the few buildings to survive 1923's Great Kanto earthquake.
Answer: The Tokyo Imperial Hotel
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Name each of the following asterims FTPE.,
[10] Sirius and Procyon form two vertices of this asterism that appears during cold months.
Answer: the Winter Triangle
[10] Sometimes called the "Drinking Gourd," this massively famous asterism in Ursa minor contains a star you've probably heard of, Polaris.
Answer: the Little Dipper
[10] This quadrilateral consists of the three largest stars in its namesake constellation and also the largest in Andromeda.
Answer: the Great Square of Pegasus
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Name these Hindu deities FTPE:,
[10] This Hindu destroyer god is often worshiped in the form of the phallic lingam.
Answer: Shiva [or Siva]
[10] Many stories recount how this god was beheaded by Shiva and thus acquired his distinctive elephant head. He is the god of beginnings.
Answer: Lord Ganesha
[10] This wife of Shiva and mother of Ganesh is sometimes regarded as a representation of Shakti or Durga.
Answer: Parvati [or Parvathi or Uma or Lalitha or Gowri or Shivakamini or Aparna or Mataji or Mena or Haimavati]
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In memory of my favorite regionalist, that awesome author of Crumbling Idols and Main-Travelled Roads Hamlin Hannibal Garland, here's a bonus on regionalism. FTPE:,
[10] This New England regionalist satirized Calvinism in The Minister's Wooing and wrote about Little Eva, Simon Legree, and the title slave in Uncle Tom's Cabin.
Answer: Harriet Beecher Stowe
[10] Another New Englander, this man penned A Hazard of New Fortunes and wrote about the rags-to-riches success of the title paint magnate in The Rise of Silas Lapham.
Answer: William Dean Howells
[10] This New Orleans regionalist penned Old Creole Days and Madame Delphine in addition to a work about a Creole family that features Honore and his quadroon half-brother "Darker Honore," The Grandissimes.
Answer: George Washington Cable
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Name an artist and some of his works FTPE.,
[10] This student of Verrocchio painted most of the two Virgins of the Rocks.
Answer: Leonardo da Vinci [accept either]
[10] An s-shaped bend in a road, two lakes, and jagged peaks lie behind the enigmatically smiling woman in this super-dooper famous da Vinci portrait.
Answer: The Mona Lisa [or La Gioconda or La Joconde]
[10] Da Vinci depicted this scene in a fresco in the Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan that depicts a decidedly feminine St. John.
Answer: The Last Supper [or Il Cenacolo or L'Ultima Cena]
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He uttered the famous words "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." FTPE:,
[10] Name this American astronaut, the first man to walk on the moon.
Answer: Neil Alden Armstrong
[10] This command module pilot of Apollo 11 was the only member of the three-man crew not to set foot on the moon; during each orbit of the moon in the module, he was out of contact with all humanity for 48 minutes.
Answer: Major General Michael Collins
[10] The unsuccessful Soviet competitor to the Apollo program was this series of eight ships, which included the first mission to orbit the moon and return to Earth, and which failed to make landings on the moon in their eight launches from 1964 to 1970.
Answer: Zond
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They depend solely on the amount of solute present, not the nature of the solute. FTPE:,
[10] Name these properties of solutions, an example of which is freezing point depression.
Answer: colligative properties
[10] This colligative property is the hydrostatic pressure produced by a solution across a semipermeable membrane.
Answer: the osmotic pressure
[10] This factor, symbolized i, is the number of moles of solute produced by each solid mole dissolved in solution.
Answer: van 't Hoff factor
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At his own request, he was strangled instead of burned, and his brother Tupac replaced him. FTPE:,
[10] Name this last sovereign emperor of the Incan Empire.
Answer: Atahualpa
[10] This second cousin to Hernan Cortez was the conquistador who overthrew the Incan Empire.
Answer: Francisco Pizarro
[10] Pizarro captured Atahualpa during this attack on the royal procession that lasted only a half hour.
Answer: The Battle of Cajamarca
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Name these rivers frequently traveled by Chris Frankel FTPE:,
[10] Frankel loves to swim with the crocodiles in this longest African river, which forms from the confluence of its namesake Blue and White tributaries at Khartoum, Sudan.
Answer: Nile River [accept Iteru or Piaro or Phiaro if there are any ancient Egyptians or Coptics around]
[10] Frankel has summer homes in both of the capitals, Kinshasa and Brazzaville, of nations named after this river; it forms from the Lualaba River below Falls alternately named Boyoma and Stanley.
Answer: Congo River [or Zaire River]
[10] Frankel worked as a whitewater rafting guide on this river that flows through Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and empties into the Indian Ocean in Mozambique, with upper and middle courses that are separated by Victoria Falls.
Answer: Zambezi River
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It claims that "The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here." FTPE:,
[10] Name this speech that was dedicated to the Union dead at a Civil War battle and begins "Four score and seven years ago…"
Answer: The Gettysburg Address
[10] One of the few signed manuscripts of the Gettysburg Address was given to this personal secretary of Lincoln who would later serve as Secretary of State under McKinley, where he would usher in the Open Door Policy with China.
Answer: John Milton Hay
[10] Another of the signed manuscripts was given to this keynote speaker that day at Gettysburg, a Massachusetts Whig who lost the 1860 election as a Vice Presidential candidate for the Constitutional Union party.
Answer: Edward Everett
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He was killed by Nationalists at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. FTPE:,
[10] Name this Spanish playwright and poet of the rural trilogy of plays that includes Yerma and The House of Bernarda Alba.
Answer: Federico Garcia Lorca [prompt on partial last name]
[10] This first play of Garcia Lorca's rural trilogy tells of a Groom who gets into a knife fight with a member of the Felix family who runs away with his Bride.
Answer: Blood Wedding(s) [or Bodas de Sangre]
[10] This poet of "The Weary Blues" and "Harlem," which contains the line "What happens to a dream deferred?" wrote a notable translation of Garcia Lorca's Blood Wedding.
Answer: James Mercer Langston Hughes
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Sale of these caused an infuriated Martin Luther into post his 95 Theses in Wittenberg. FTPE:,
[10] The 95 Theses were more formally titled The Disputation of Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of these documents, which remitted punishment of sins already forgiven and were used to finance church constructions.
Answer: Indulgences
[10] Though Luther was not in attendance, his followers presented a namesake document, which became the Lutheran confession of faith, at this 1530 imperial diet, which sought to reunite Catholics and Protestants.
Answer: Diet of Augsburg [or Council of Augsburg]
[10] This close friend of Luther and fellow professor at Wittenberg wrote much of the Augsburg Confession from fourteen points agreed upon between Lutherans and Zwinglians at the Colloquy of Marburg.
Answer: Philip Melanchthon [or Philip Schwartzerd]
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Name these psychologists who broke with Freud FTPE.,
[10] This Austrian broke from Freud on his view of the unconscious; he famously posited archetypes, the collective unconscious, and synchronicity.
Answer: Carl Gustav Jung
[10] This daughter of Freud emphasized the Ego more than her father in publications such as Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense.
Answer: Anna Freud [accept A. Freud]
[10] This German broke from Freud's five psychosexual stages to posit eight stages of psychosocial development and also coined the term "identity crisis."
Answer: Erik Homburger Erikson
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It originated from the various types of renga, and it reached its prominence after works in this form were published in a four volume work by Reginald H. Blyth. FTPE:,
[10] Name this poetic mode which employs a pattern of 5-7-5 on, or syllables.
Answer: haiku
[10] A master of the pre-Shiki haiku, or hokku, was this Edo-period poet whose name comes from a banana tree near his hut.
Answer: Matsuo Basho
[10] Among Basho's works is this collection, which he wrote after returning from a journey through Honshu, having stopped at Nikko and Sakata before reaching Sado.
Answer: Narrow Road to the Deep North or Oku no Hosomichi
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One notable example of it is the human body's constant internal temperature of 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. FTPE:,
[10] Name this ability of an organism to maintain a stable internal environment, a term coined by biologist Walter Bradford Cannon.
Answer: homeostasis
[10] This hypothesis advanced by James Lovelock stated that the Earth functions as a homeostatic superorganism that uses positive and negative feedback loops to maintain a metastable condition.
Answer: Gaia hypothesis [accept clear-knowledge equivalents]
[10] This process of programmed cell death that can begin with the P53 transcription factor allows the body to maintain a homeostatic number of cells.
Answer: apoptosis
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He comes to believe that life is a "tale told by an idiot, full of sound and fury, signifying nothing." FTPE:,
[10] Name this Thane of Glamis and Cawdor, the title character of a Shakespeare tragedy.
Answer: Macbeth
[10] Macbeth kills this king at the behest of his wife, thus becoming the short-lived king of Scotland.
Answer: King Duncan
[10] The witches of Macbeth prophesize that none born of woman shall harm Macbeth; luckily this Thane of Fife was born via caesarean section.
Answer: Macduff
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Name things about a philosopher and his works FTPE:,
[10] This Austrian did not consider himself a member of the logical positivist Vienna Circle, but the 1921 publication of his only book-length work distributed during his lifetime deeply influenced the group.
Answer: Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein
[10] This is the only book Wittgenstein released in his lifetime; its final thesis is "What we cannot speak about we must pass over in silence," and it purports to lay out the conditions for a logically perfect language.
Answer: Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus [or Logisch-Philosophiche Abhandlung]
[10] This Wittgenstein work came out two years after Wittgenstein's death and discusses several problems in semantics, philosophy of mathematics, and logic; it posits that all are a result of conceptual problems with language.
Answer: The Philosophical Investigations [or Philosophische Untersuchungen]
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FTPE, name these novels by John Steinbeck.,
[10] Rose of Sharon breastfeeds a starving man in the final chapter of this novel, in which the Dust Bowl forces the Joad family to move from Oklahoma to California.
Answer: The Grapes of Wrath
[10] In this novel, a bunch of bums led by Mack throw a disastrous party for Doc, a marine biologist based on Ed Ricketts. Through a series of vignettes, it depicts the denizens of the title Monterrey street.
Answer: Cannery Row
[10] In this novel written directly after Tortilla Flat, Jim Nolan joins the "Party" and leads migrant workers in a strike against the owners of a fruit orchard.
Answer: In Dubious Battle
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Name this figures from Arthurian legend FTPE.,
[10] This best of the Knights of the Round Table fathered Galahad by Elaine, but his affair with Guinevere led to war with Arthur and the deaths of Gaheris and Gareth, whom he accidentally killed while rescuing the queen.
Answer: Sir Launcelot du Lac
[10] This king was made to look like Gorlois by a spell of Merlin, which tricked Gorlois's wife, Lady Igraine, into bearing Arthur.
Answer: Uther Pendragon
[10] According to the Mabinogion, this knight was able to change his height and hold his breath for 9 days. The son of Ector, he is more often known as Arthur's seneschal and foster brother.
Answer: Sir Kay [or Sir Caius]

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